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Stateline (ACT) -

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(generated from captions) For Canberra tomorrow will will be morning frost and fog sunny day with light which will clear to a fine

Minus 4 in town, minus 5 in it will be cost first thing.

valley and then will high of 11. The same on valley and then will reach a

just a bit more cloud and not high of 11. The same on Sunday,

as cold early. In the mountains

tomorrow, light snow showers but generally fine. Minus 6 to 3. With a 20% snow. On a cold, windy day a 3. With a 20% chance of

red flowering Euc always cheers you up. Thank, Mark. And that's

'Stateline' coming up next and ABC new. Stay with us now with

we'll leave you Greenpeace protestors in we'll leave you with the Ipswich. Have a great weekend, goodnight. goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI


Hello and welcome to Stateline. I'm Catherine

Garrett. Coming up - the brain drain from the AIS. The story

behind the line on the map stunning photographs from Canberra's Vivid first community issues are shape ing up as targets in the count down to shape ing up as hot political

the ACT's political election. unpopular decisions - the One of the Stanhope's more

cloesh our the Griffith Library - left a bitter taste for many in Canberra's south. That more than a year ago. Stateline in Canberra's south. That was

reports there's now a rebirth for literary lovers in for literary lovers in the

inner south. (All chant) We want the # Whether you accept that (All chant) We want the library decision or not. We don't! will not respond to person al decision or not. We don't! I

abuse but I will respond to enjoyment. How on earth can resource of learning and

justify this particular policy

when it doesn't serve the needs of the community? We intend

town and group centre line ris to put our resources into the

and make them even better (All chant) We want places.

library. The answer is that the (All chant) We want a Griffith Library will close 1 September. It's more than a Griffith Library will close on

closed Griffith Library amid year since the ACT Government

howls of protest and emotion. But 12 months on, a new story has emerged about group of dedicated book love new story has emerged about a

lovers who fought to bring a

south. Hello, Steve. A library back to inner

crocodile! We put the word out we were starting the library. We had the first conference up here. That night, nine boxes of books arrived on my

step and we knew we were in for

was a group of very, something really special. There

committed people. was a group of very, very off with committed people. We started can imagine it's a huge, off with four of us and as you

undertaking. Bigger than even I had thought. I thought we end up with a room somewhere had thought. I thought we would

with some shelves at one end

and a computer. Did not think for one minute we would have the Goyder Street library in Narrabundah where every one of

the 8,163 catalogued books have been depoeinated. I long with the demountable building that housed them. It was a gym, a

boxing ring for the Boomanulla

sports and rek centre. When wre were looking for space, entered into negotiations with the indigenous community who

were thrilled to offered us this space. They

offer us this place were thrilled to be able to

inner south to have some sort recognised the needs for the

of a expenses are we are. The library's running

covered by donation, expenses are complete lid

volunteers, staff and catalogue

the collection, no small job, given the number of members given the number of members is

Robert. How many have you got swelling to almost 400. Hi,

today? Four today. I think it's really important. Right through the children love I've been here when through the children love it,

been having stories and things. The older people, there's a lot of older people in Narrabundah. So overall, you know, I think it's a great focal point for the community. Julie has put in a fantastic effort and, you

know, in the short space of time she's been doing it here is amazing. So, yeah, we amount of material she's got

hope it keeps have been grateful two things hope it keeps going. People have happened which a cannot be put on. One is we've have happened which a price

got the library. got the library. That's the first thing. The second thing is we're on this space which

for a very long time has been

people have seen this seen as Aboriginal space. And

Aboriginal space. The fact people have seen this as an

it was the indigenous community

that offered us this space was huge. A lot of people who come, say, that they go to they can't find a they can't find a park and

Civic is out of the question. I hear that a lot. People also went to, you know, when I

talked to elderly people they often say I haven't been to the

Griffith. What we've found library since it closed at

over the past 12 months is in fact there's been over the past 12 months or so

increase in loans is in fact there's been an

numbers to places like Woden. we feel is happening is some of And Dickson interestingly. What And Dickson interestingly.

the people from the south are actually going to those places which are designed to be up to really provide services, community libraries and are set

particularly for particularly for families. And

the parking here is available, it's available closeby and it's available closeby and it's

centre. I don't know certainly over at the Canberra

people who use the Civic centre. I don't know many

than Woden library, it's even more awkward

Well, just how awkward? Stateline decided to find out with a bit of help from local writer and library lover Marian Halligan. So, Marian, tell about the one and only other Halligan. So, Marian, tell us

time you've been to the Civic

getting an award for a line ri. It was when John was

so I set off a good 45 minutes getting an award for a poem and

early, it was about 10 oto early, it was about 10 oto 15

minutes drive in near,

depending on the traffic and I was late because I drove all around trying to find a park and it was about this time of

day. So I'm just wondering how we're going to go now because it wasn't good. Civic it wasn't good. Civic library is steady and is mainly people who are coming in from the city. As you can see today it's busy around lunchtime. Interest ing thing about here is it's starting to grow

into one of those Civic heart libraries. We're attributing that to more and more that to more and more of the tbroe, the offices coming over here and using the library as a place to pick up something they specifically want that they order on line. We will go around here and try park and see how we go. Mmm, not the only people doing this. A second and third this. A second and third time around and this potential Civic library user is feeling frustrated. Commonwealth cars there. Look at this car - that is not very useful! I can understand understand anyone's disappointment with the closure of the linely but what we're finding is people are finding their niche and their site. And that in fact more people from that Griffith catchment are members of the library now proportion ally

than they were before the closure of closure of Griffith. I could go

around to the other car park, I suppose. But even the suppose. But even the quick trip to the adjoining car park proves tough, with a blocked lainway. Here is a truck. lainway. Here is a truck. How

long is that going stay there? (Sighs) A car park number there is little joy. You go in. Come Come on! Go in quick. But finally a spot. I aem feel relieved that I got one. I nearly had to fight someone for

one over there and then a kind person came out of here. So that is not so bad. So this experience this morning, has experience this morning, has it made you want to rush back to Civic library tomorrow? No, no. I probably here for, well, goodness nose when. What about the Goyder Street library terrific that the community has got together and together on an issue that they

think is important. Of course as a librarian and someone as a librarian and someone who trained for four trained for four years to be a librarian and who employs people who trained for four be hoping that the people be hoping that the people who are using are using the Goyder Street facility are also using our public libraries because when you come into the public libraries you provided with a collection that's been professionally professionally put together

that ensure balance and age

appropriate material. There's a stack of volunteers that a stack of volunteers that turn

up here week after week in the heat and in the cold, whether there's customers or not and get the backs on That's where this library rests - on the workers and the

volunteers who come in here. At

least he had a good idea - he would build her a flying

machine. The Olympics are so close you can almost smell the sweat and perhaps even the Beijing smog. Australian

expectations are high, but a leading sports admoror warns leading sports admoror warns we shouldn't get our hopes up. A big part of Australia's competitive advantage has been 2 sports science resource of the AIS but now that edge is under threat. Just like in other areas of commerce,

science and industry, Australia's best brains are in Beijing could be the last Olympics where Olympics where our athletes have a high-tech head start. Australia's sports science moeld is envoy - envied internationally. internationally. It combine s the very best minds with the latest technological latest technological toys. We're ticking every box. So everything we for you we've done. So hopefully we've got an advantage over other countries. You can go into a performance and say that's and say that's where you lost the race. Unless we do something very special we will be off the be off the medal podium. Professor Peter Fricker helped establish the sports medicine

program at the AIS almost 30

years later he's now the institute director. If you look at the success Australia's had certainly in last couple of

decades, say, three decades and when the institute was founded

in 1981, I think one of the

single most important factors in our success internationally has been sports has been sports science. So

sports science is not an oxymoron? No, it's not an oxymoron. It is really what it's all about. You look where our where our competitor countries are coming from and going to in the sense of the build-up to not just Beijing but build-up to London - they're all turning their attention to what they can get out of

science. Australia's dismal

medal haul in the Montreal Games prompted this

establishment in AIS. I declare open this indoor sports centre. Since then it's evolved from a shorts show

hair... into an internationally regarded factory. Australia has a very small to punch above our weight. We're pin finishing fourth at the the Olympic Games. How the the Olympic Games. How do

we do it? It's not just natural which we do have, but it's the way we identify and way we identify and develop talent and give them that edge in terms of competitive advantage. In sports where milliseconds milliseconds mean the sifrns between Olympic dreams and despair, the practical application of sports science is crucial. From bio

mechanical analysis to talent identification, recovery and nutrition, a world leader for so long, Australia now faces a massive

an old rival... in the race for an off-field edge. The concern we've had over recent years we've had over recent years and certainly been that they've deliberate ly gone and head hunted the gone and head hunted the best

Australians in ports science,

sports medicine and coaching and administration and imported them into England. So we've got a whole cohoert a whole cohoert of very talented Australians over there competing against us in competing against us in Beijing and certainly we will be competing against us in London 2012. Is it unrealistic to expect Australia can retain its place in fourth position on the Olympic medal table? We got the jump on our competors back in the early 1980s. So v of went out there. So now we

come in fourth at everyone was

amaids. They've picked up on our lesson and now they're starting to catch up. So right now to be absolutely realistic you would have to say we will

do extremely well to hang on to

number four at the Olympics. But amongst the talk of Olympic pressures and

international poaching, there's a few top secret surprises to be revealed in Beijing. We're being pretty sneakiant what being pretty sneakiant what we do to ourself. We do protect our intellectual property. We

don't tell other countries about what we're doing . So we do tend to hold back that 5% of what we're doing. And we've expanded into a couple of year s here which we're not talking about which will help us in Beijing and London as well. As Canberra approaches its centenary in 2013, historians are ticking off a list of anniversaries. So before long will be d anniversary of the ACT border being pegged out. Matthew Higgins has studied the and the personalities behind that ep ying surveying mission to be included in a new history of the high country. Craig Allen headed to the hills to

find the evidence those surveyors left On the hills outside beng doer stands a sent nell scribely gum, hand carved with a message dating back nearly a century. Decades of growth has made it difficult to decipher. But historians recognise its significance to the the national the national capital. And we've got the Commonwealth survey mark up here, which is the State arrow with a and then the letters C - CT under it standing Commonwealth Territory. This is fairly typical of fairly typical of the reference trees that the surveyors marked at each of their survey marks around the border. This around the border. This year, 2008, it's 100 years since this site was declared for Canberra, the so-called site. And in a up ale can of years time, 2010, that's years time, 2010, that's the less well-known centenary of the beginning of the survey of five years - 1910 to

1915. National Museum historian and avid bush walker Matthew Higgins knows the epic story of the border survey better the border survey better than

most. He's not only researched the story over the course of a decade, he's walked much decade, he's walked much of the

ACT border, tracking down the historical marks left by the

gallant survey crews that pegged out the Federal capital known. The surveying teams had certificate as it was then to negotiate Australian Alps' toughest to negotiate some of the

terrain. Their job was to keep to the highest ridge, delineating the water sheds of

because of course it was all the region's major rivers

about water. The Commonwealth wanted full control water catchments for the new wanted full control over the

national capital and Ietani's for that reason that the bulk o of the border follows a series of water catchments. For the surveyors it meant surveyors it meant forcing

down the face of cliffs and their way through heavy scrub,

gorges, battling un predictable weather. It was job especially given working in. Over half of the terrain the surveyors were

ACT border is over 100m elevation. The surveyors had to move along the board not by motor vehicle of course but pack horse and on their own two motor vehicle of course but by

feet often because it was just far too rugged. Three teem teams were given the task. Setting out from the Mount Coree, one led Sheaffe, headed north-east. Over the coming years he'd

survey most of the Territory of the site of the capital. For board tore the north and east

some of the most his part, Harry Mouat faced

some of the most challenging terrain as he pressed south over the region's most hostile mountains. over the region's highest and

Sheaffe was recalled, his place was taken by Freddie Johnston, who completed the southern most sections of the border. Mouat certainly had the most rugged

section. He went over the top of the ACT's highest peak,

Mount Bim bring but Percy Sheaffe had to also - go down

enormous delivers too. But 2 surveying teams managed to take with them something comforts with them something of the three board surveyor s had comforts of home. Two of the

their wives with them. Percy

Sheaffe who surveyed most of the border had the border had his wife Katie

during time that he was on the with him, he actually married

border. Harry Mouat had been married about a year before he came on to the job. And would have came on to the job. And it

would have been pretty tough

amongst the tents of for them living in tents

of the gang. Not much prief ry amongst the tents of the rest

y for newlyweds. - privacy for De Salis knewly weds. 91-year-old Thea

instrumental role her father, De Salis is proud of the

Harry Mouat, had in the border survey but especially the pioneer ing part played by her with the party. sleeping out mother Iris who tagged along under canvas would have pretty rough. That's right. How under canvas would have been

did your mother me she did. Of course she had think? I don't know. It amazes

to learn to ride a horse. So your hoert was the rose between all the thorns up there. Yes, yes. You don't often have that.

I've got it here! Harry Mouat's name lives on as a street in surveyed the sites for dams in street in Lyneham. He also

the Cotter catchment. And helped mark out the

early bra 'Canberra' but there boulevards in Burley-Griffin's

was also a share of career frustration. He wasn't very happy in the job he had because he couldn't advance. Because so

and he would have liked the job many people were senior to him

in charge of the office in Sydney around he went there for a few years at Sydney around he eventually

the end of his life. A surveying parties were

with an enormous draw the border but to record responsibility, not just to

it for posterity. As reference for future surveyor, they compiled painstakingly note books. The books compiled painstakingly field

themselveses are such an

important piece of our history

they've been heritage listed. Those field books only depict the bearings listed. Those field books not

also contain descriptions of

the country around them, descriptions of the nature of the country, the timber, the location of tracks or old yards. The mountain what is yards. The mountain ranges of

Park, the surveyors literally what is now Namadgi National

made their mark. In the Matthew Higgins started hiking made their mark. In the 1990s,

tell-tale signs they left the hills looking for the

behind. My field work in the 1990s revealed about 500 survey marks and those marks of marks and those marks of a

range of type, the square

timber posts, the piece of downpipe pill fill with concrete or a spike set into concrete, all of them usually with a Hine of stones. marks were put in at each with a Hine of stones. These

along the way and where the border changed direct. And they

put a handengraved codes on code on to nearby code on to nearby reference

trees although we lost a number the in the 2003 bushfires, a number are still telling story. Many of the high elevation trees might have been destroyed but a handful still survive along the ACT's

nature is working board but even here the hand of

nature is working to remove

moch all evidence of man.Are -

man. Before too long we will remove all evidence of

have lost all of these. In time they will dis appear. It might be one day that preserving a

specimen in a museum somewhere. which have a story to tell can

be quite subtle and with these

border survey marks they're a case in point. They're terribly

know significant. Most people don't

that's why know they're out there so me to keep telling the story

over the years so the Canberra population and beyond might better know this story. Well, it's big the making with 100 exhibition s at more than 50 venues. Vivid, the largest national

Australia opens in Canberra photographic festival held in

tonight. Featuring both amateur and professional work, Vivid explores the role of

photography in Australian life. Stateline producer Rosa Yee has this festival pre view. It merely start out as conversations over coffee by

six of the curator s and the ANU and some of the institutions in 2004. From ANU and some of the big

there it grew, particularly in the last year and we now have over 50 institutions and venue

s participating, so that has made it grow into being the largest photography festival in We are We are a little bit different to many photography festivals which have a process where you submit work and it's junld to be good enough or not be good enough or not - judged to be good enough or to be good enough or not. This festival we said everybody is in as long as it's still photograph y in Canberra or the region during the dates. That's and range of photography. Canberra houses some of the most major collections of

photography in the whole country. Different kinds of

collections of photography - art collections, documentary collection, even hidden collections possibly hidden by

ASIO somewhere. Certainly photography shows photography shows in Canberra are always incredibly popular

because people like seeing their fellow human beings and seeing them themselves, and that is what they will see at


When I was thinking about a

show to do for the Vivid festival, I realised there had been a really strain of portrait yur through what happens at the through what happens at the ANU School of Art. So they're all ANU School of Art people and they are now all over the world, so some are in Paris, some are in Dublin, some close as Queanbeyan and it it's a matter of getting in with them and seeing what

seeing how it would fit together in a reasonably

coherent show.

I'm showing six piece of work

from a series I've been working

on called the medievalists. I'm

quite interested in how every day people perform leisure and I guess it stems from interest in human endeavour. But specifically around the area of play. Canberra can be a

multitiered space, it seems quite boring on the surface but

if you scratch a bit deeper you will find there's a lot going on. I have a particular focus on the suburbs and it's quite

amazing how vibrant that space is actually. So I guess ultimately I would ultimately I would like people to walk away with a sense of fun and pleasure at looking at these images. I guess also a sense of what people are doing on their weekends on their weekends really rather than sitting at home watching telly fraps.- perhaps. One way

of thinking about it is extreme portrait yur, so trying to push the idea of what a portrait is as far as it can go before it breaks. There's definitely something for everyone. People will see what they're hoping to see, whether it's a fantastic, you know, panoramic landscapes or whether they want to or whether they want to focus on minute de tail . I think they will also have room to grow and stretch and see something that is a unexpected. Looks great. That's the program for another week. To finish, from the vision of Vivid to the finish, from the contemporary

historical. With a look early Australian photographs by historical. With a look at

pioneering photograph er

Charles Bayliss. The xiption is

on at the National called a Modern Vision and it's

it shows pictures unseen by the on at the National Library and

public for more than a century. Until next week, goodbye.

Closed Captions by CSI

Welcome to Collectors On Tour, in Sydney. here at the National Maritime Museum maritime mystery object, Now last week we had a special we profiled some great collectors a special market challenge. and I set up

we've really stepped it up a gear. But this week, THEME MUSIC the meanest boat on the water. Tonight, we'll show you

at the top of my lungs, I was screaming going "Yes! Yes! Yes!" Gordon boards a floating collection. she must've been at sea! What a terrifying thing Everything's better in orange. to surround myself with the colour. I do whatever I can in our Sydney Market Challenge. And it's age versus experience We've got out stuff together. talking to these losers. Come on, Gordon, we can waste time