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Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency—Quarterly report of the Chief Executive Officer for the period 1 October to 31 December 2017


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Quarterly* Report* *

of* the* *

Chief* Executive* Officer* of* ARPANSA* * *

October* to* December* 2017

Copyright* Notice*

With* the* exception* of* the* Commonwealth* Coat* of* Arms,* any* ARPANSA* logos* and* any* content* that* is* marked* as* being* third* party* material,* this* publication,* the* Quarterly* Report* of* the* Chief* Executive* Officer,* by* the* Australian* Radiation* Protection* and* Nuclear* Safety* Agency* is* licensed* under* a* Creative* Commons* Attribution* 3.0* Australia* licence* (http://creativecommons.org/licences/by/3.0/au).* It* is* a* further* condition* of* the* licence* that* any* numerical* data* referred* to* in* this* publication* may* not* be* changed.*

Requests* and* enquiries* concerning* reproduction* and* rights* should* be* addressed* to:*

* ARPANSA* * 619* Lower* Plenty* Road* * Yallambie* VIC* 3085* * email:* info@arpansa.gov.au*

Further* information* about* this* publication*

If* you* would* like* to* know* more* about* the* content* of* this* publication* please* contact* ARPANSA* on** 1800* 022* 333* or* info@arpansa.gov.au.* Further* information* can* be* found* on* the* ARPANSA* website* at* www.arpansa.gov.au.*

The* Australian* Radiation* Protection* and* Nuclear* Safety* Agency* (ARPANSA)* is* the* Australian* Government’s* primary* authority* on* radiation* protection* and* nuclear* safety.* Our* purpose* is* to* protect* the* Australian* people* and* the* environment* from* the* harmful* effects* of* radiation,* through* understanding* risks,* best* practice* regulation,* research,* policy,* services,* partnerships* and* engaging* with* the* community.*

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Printed* by:**

CanPrint* Communications* Pty* Ltd*

16* Nyrang* Street*

Fyshwick* ACT* 2609*

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * * i*

Table* of* contents*

Letter* of* transmittal* ..................................................................................................................................* 1*

The* operations* of* the* CEO* and* ARPANSA* ..................................................................................................* 2*

Protecting* the* public,* workers* and* the* environment* from* radiation* exposure* .....................................* 2*

Promoting* radiological* and* nuclear* safety* and* security,* and* emergency* preparedness* .......................* 4*

Promoting* the* safe* and* effective* use* of* ionising* radiation* in* medicine* ................................................* 4*

Ensuring* risk*r informed* and* efficient* regulation* .....................................................................................* 5*

International* engagement* ......................................................................................................................* 7*

Details* of* directions* given* by* the* Minister* ..............................................................................................* 10*

Details* of* directions* given* by* the* CEO* .....................................................................................................* 10*

Details* of* improvement* notices* given* by* inspectors* ................................................................................* 10*

Details* of* any* breach* of* licence* conditions* by* a* licensee* .........................................................................* 10*

Facilities* licensed* under* Part* 5* of* the* ARPANS* Act* ..................................................................................* 11*

The* operations* of* the* Council* and* Committees* .......................................................................................* 11*

Radiation* Health* and* Safety* Advisory* Council* ......................................................................................* 11*

Radiation* Health* Committee* .................................................................................................................* 11*

Nuclear* Safety* Committee* ....................................................................................................................* 12*

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * * ii**

This* page* has* been* left* blank* intentionally.*

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Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 1**

Letter* of* transmittal*

11* March* 2018*

Senator* the* Hon* Bridget* McKenzie*

Minister* for* Sport,* Rural* Health* and* Regional* Communications*

House* of* Representatives*

Parliament* House*

Canberra* ACT* 2600*

Dear* Minister*

The* Australian* Radiation* Protection* and* Nuclear* Safety* Act* 1998* (the* Act)* requires* the* Chief* Executive* Officer* (CEO)* of* the* Australian* Radiation* Protection* and* Nuclear* Safety* Agency* (ARPANSA)* to* submit* to* the* Minister,* at* the* end* of* each* quarter,* a* report* on:*

x the* operations* during* the* quarter* of* the* CEO,* ARPANSA,* the* Radiation* Health* and* Safety Advisory* Council* (the* Council),* the* Nuclear* Safety* Committee* (the* NSC)* and* the* Radiation Health* Committee

x details* of* directions* given* by* the* Minister* to* the* CEO* under* section* 16* of* the* Act

x details* of* directions* given* by* the* CEO* under* section* 41* of* the* Act

x details* of* improvement* notices* given* by* inspectors* under* section* 80A* of* the* Act

x details* of* any* breach* of* licence* conditions* by* a* licensee,* of* which* the* CEO* is* aware

x details* of* all* reports* received* by* the* CEO* from* the* Council* and* the* NSC* under* Part* 4, paragraphs* 20(f)* or* 26(1)(d)* of* the* Act,* and

x A* list* of* all* facilities* licensed* under* Part* 5* of* the* Act.

I* am* pleased* to* provide* you* with* a* report,* meeting* the* requirements* of* the* Act,* covering* the* period* 1* October* to* 31* December* 2017.*

Please* note* that* subsection* 60(6)* of* the* Act* requires* you* to* cause* a* copy* of* the* report* to* be* laid* before* each* House* of* the* Parliament* within* 15* sitting* days* of* the* day* on* which* this* report* was* given* to* you.*

Yours* sincerely*

Carl*rMagnus * Larsson**

CEO* of* ARPANSA

For Official Use Only

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 2**

The* operations* of* the* CEO* and* ARPANSA*

ARPANSA* sits* within* the* Department* of* Health* portfolio.**

ARPANSA* has* a* single* outcome,* as* set* out* in* the* 2017*r18 * Portfolio* Budget* Statements* (2017-18* PBS):**

Protection* of* people* and* the* environment* through* radiation* protection* and* nuclear* safety* research,* policy,* advice,* codes,* standards,* services* and* regulation.*

The* Radiation* Protection* and* Nuclear* Safety* Program,* contained* within* the* 2017-18* PBS,* describes* four* performance* objectives* against* which* ARPANSA* seeks* to* achieve* its* outcome.* These* criteria* are:*

• protecting* the* public,* workers* and* the* environment* from* radiation* exposure*

• promoting* radiological* and* nuclear* safety* and* security,* and* emergency* preparedness*

• promoting* the* safe* and* effective* use* of* ionising* radiation* in* medicine*

• ensuring* risk*r informed* and* efficient* regulation.*

The* report* on* the* operations* of* the* CEO* and* ARPANSA* focuses* on* these* criteria.*

Protecting* the* public,* workers* and* the* environment* from* radiation* exposure*

Australian* National* Radiation* Dose* Register**

ARPANSA* maintains* the* Australian* National* Radiation* Dose* Register* (ANRDR)* which* stores,* maintains* and* reviews* radiological* dose* histories* for* occupationally* exposed* workers* in* Australia.**

The* ANRDR* holds* dose* history* records* for* more* than* 38* 000* workers.* This* includes* full* coverage* of* workers* from* all* licensed* uranium* mining* and* milling* operations,* and* partial* coverage* of* workers* from* Commonwealth* licence* holders,* state* and* territory* regulatory* bodies,* and* the* mineral* sands* mining* and* processing* industry.*

ARPANSA* is* working* to* expand* the* ANRDR,* with* a* goal* to* ultimately* include* all* occupationally* exposed* workers.* During* the* quarter,* the* Radiation* Health* Committee* (RHC)* approved* the* ANRDR* as* a* central* record* keeping* agency,* as* defined* in* the* Code* for* Radiation* Protection* in* Planned* Exposure* Situations* (Radiation* Protection* Series* (RPS)* C*r1). * This* is* a* significant* step* to* establish* the* legal* framework* for* the* submission* of* dose* records* from* organisations* operating* under* state* and* territory* regulatory* control,* in* accordance* with* RPS* C*r1. **

During* the* quarter,* a* major* mineral* sand* mining* organisation* commenced* the* submission* of* dose* records* from* one* of* their* worksites* into* the* ANRDR.**

The* ANRDR* team* continued* to* work* with* Commonwealth* licence* holders* for* whom* the* submission* of* dose* records* to* the* ANRDR* is* now* a* mandatory* requirement.* Each* organisation* has* implemented* work* required* for* the* submission* of* their* dose* records* within* reasonable* timeframes.*

For Official Use Only

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 3**

Monitor* and* mitigate* population* exposures* to* electric* and* magnetic* fields* and* electromagnetic* radiation**

There* was* a* meeting* of* the* Electromagnetic* Energy* Reference* Group* (EMERG)* on* 19* October* 2017.* EMERG* meets* twice* annually* to* receive* input* from* the* community* and* other* stakeholders* and* discuss* and* advise* on* issues* relating* to* EME* and* health* (https://www.arpansa.gov.au/about*r us/what*r we*r do/national*r collaboration/emerg).* In* particular,* this* meeting* noted* an* update* on* discussions* between* government* stakeholders* on* the* future* of* funding* for* electromagnetic* energy* (EME)* research* and* related* activities.* It* also* noted* a* decline* in* EME* enquiries* to* ARPANSA* over* recent* years,* attributable* to* the* availability* of* information* on* its* website.* ARPANSA* provided* an* overview* of* its* new* website* and* EMERG* agreed* that* the* special* topic* for* the* next* meeting* would* be* the* emergence* of* 5G* technology.*

On* 19* October* 2017,* ARPANSA* staff* attended* the* Science* and* Wireless* Workshop* hosted* by* the* Australian* Centre* for* Electromagnetic* Bio*reffects * Research* at* RMIT* University* (https://acebr.uow.edu.au/content/groups/public/@web/@acebr/documents/doc/uow239146.p df).* The* Workshop* provided* an* opportunity* to* learn* about* current* EME* research* in* Australia.*

Solar* ultraviolet* radiation* and* sun* protection*

ARPANSA* measures* solar* ultraviolet* radiation* (UVR)* at* eleven* sites* around* Australia* and* four* sites* in* the* Australian* Antarctic* territories.* During* this* quarter,* ARPANSA* continued* the* replacement* of* UV* monitoring* infrastructure* around* Australia.* Two* of* the* mainland* stations* have* had* infrastructure* replaced* during* the* quarter,* bringing* the* total* to* date* to* six.* The* UVR* index* data* generated* by* the* network* is* used* to* raise* awareness* in* Australia* of* the* levels* of* UVR* exposure* and* the* risks* associated* with* excessive* sun* exposure.*

Standards* development*

The* draft* Code* for* Disposal* of* Solid* Radioactive* Waste* (RPS* C*r3) * was* released* for* public* comment;* the* consultation* period* ends* on* 23* February* 2018.* This* Code* sets* out* the* requirements* in* Australia* for* the* protection* of* occupationally* exposed* persons,* the* public* and* the* environment* when* disposing* of* solid* radioactive* waste.*

The* draft* Code* for* Radiation* Protection* Requirements* for* Industrial* Radiography* (RPS* C*r4) * was* released* for* public* comment* with* the* consultation* period* ending* on* 26* February* 2018.* This* Code* sets* the* specific* radiation* protection* requirements* in* Australia* for* the* protection* of* occupationally* exposed* persons* and* the* public* in* planned* exposure* situations* involving* industrial* radiography.* It* complements* the* overarching* requirements* contained* in* Radiation* Protection* in* Planned* Exposure* Situations* (RPS* C*r1). *

ARPANSA* hosted* a* one*rday * workshop* on* 6* October* to* consider* the* application* of* the* draft* Emergency* Exposure* Guide* (RPS* G*r3). * The* scenario*rbased * workshop* was* attended* by* representatives* from* the* Commonwealth,* states* and* territories,* including* first* response* agencies.* Outcomes* from* the* workshop* will* help* to* improve* the* draft* Emergency* Exposure* Guide* prior* to* its* release* for* public* comment* during* the* next* quarter.**

For Official Use Only

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 4**

Promoting* radiological* and* nuclear* safety* and* security,* and* emergency* preparedness*

Security* of* nuclear* facilities,* radioactive* material* and* associated* facilities*

ARPANSA* attended* the* biennial* Radiological* Security* Risk* Workshop* in* Albuquerque,* New* Mexico,* USA.* A* number* of* emerging* security* risks* were* discussed* and* shared* with* international* partners.* This* facilitated* a* request* for* ARPANSA’s* counterpart* to* conduct* a* peer* review* of* ARPANSA’s* practice*rspecific * security* guides* for* radioactive* material.**

ARPANSA* participated* in* discussions* regarding* nuclear* and* radiological* emergency* detection* technologies* with* the* US* Department* of* Energy* National* Nuclear* Security* Administration.* These* discussions* focussed* on* identifying* pathways* for* technical* and* operational* reviews* of* emerging* technologies.*

ARPANSA* met* with* the* Queensland,* Northern* Territory* and* Western* Australian* regulators* to* discuss* their* use* of* nationally* accredited* assessors* to* implement* the* requirements* of* the* ARPANSA* Code* of* Practice* on* the* Security* of* Radioactive* Sources* (RPS*r 11).*

International* monitoring* system*

As* part* of* Australia’s* ongoing* commitment* to* the* Comprehensive* Nuclear*r Test*r Ban* Treaty* (CTBT),* ARPANSA* operates* and* maintains* the* Australian* CTBT* laboratory* in* Melbourne* and* radionuclide* air* particulate* monitoring* stations* that* are* part* of* the* CTBT* International* Monitoring* System.* Stations* are* located* in* Melbourne,* Perth,* Townsville,* Darwin,* the* Cocos* Islands,* Macquarie* Island,* and* Mawson* Base* (Antarctica).* Two* noble* gas* monitoring* facilities* are* co*rlocated * with* air* particulate* monitoring* stations* in* Melbourne* and* Darwin.**

The* Australian* CTBT* Radionuclide* Laboratory* was* in* service* for* the* entire* quarter.* Seven* samples* were* analysed* during* this* period.* A* proficiency* test* exercise* sample* was* also* analysed.**

Emergency* preparedness*

ARPANSA* and* the* International* Atomic* Energy* Agency* (IAEA)* hosted* a* General* Safety* Requirements* Part* 7* (GSR* Part* 7)* regional* workshop* in* Melbourne* from* 2*r5 * October* 2017.* The* workshop* was* attended* by* 20* representatives* from* seven* Australian* jurisdictions* as* well* as* from* Georgia,* India,* Indonesia,* Jordan,* Malaysia,* Myanmar,* New* Zealand* and* Vietnam.* Lecturers* and* facilitators* from* Australia,* Germany* and* United* States* of* America* as* well* as* from* IAEA* supported* the* conduct* of* the* workshop.*

ARPANSA* participated* in* an* IAEA* ConvEx*r2b * emergency* exercise* on* 6-7* December* 2018.* Assessments,* communications* and* reporting* mechanisms* were* successfully* tested.*

Promoting* the* safe* and* effective* use* of* ionising* radiation* in* medicine*

Radiotherapy*

As* a* part* of* the* ARPANSA* Radiotherapy* section’s* regular* calibration* services* for* radiotherapy* providers* and* industry* users* of* radiation,* ARPANSA* calibrated* six* therapy* dosimeters* and* one*

For Official Use Only

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 5**

neutron* monitor.* In* support* of* these* services* and* the* measurement* of* dose* in* radiotherapy,* ARPANSA* has* been* developing* computer* models* of* the* response* of* common* radiotherapy* detectors.* The* first* of* these* models* was* completed* in* December* 2017* and* the* results* submitted* to* an* international* review.* The* ability* to* model* detectors* is* a* milestone* for* the* Radiotherapy* section* and* means* that* a* much* wider* set* of* questions* in* dosimetry* can* now* be* addressed.*

Australian* Clinical* Dosimetry* Service*

The* Australian* Clinical* Dosimetry* Service* (ACDS)* provides* radiation* specialists* with* a* source* of* independent* checks* for* equipment* and* patient* doses.* This* enables* an* integrated* national* approach* to* promoting* safety* and* quality* in* radiotherapy,* which* is* expected* to* lead* to* further* improvements* in* radiotherapy* treatment* outcomes.* The* ACDS* transitioned* to* a* full* cost* recovery* user*rpays * service* on* 1* January* 2017* and* is* in* the* process* of* negotiating* service* level* agreements* with* radiotherapy* facilities.* Sixty*rnine * percent* of* Australian* facilities* have* subscribed* to* the* user*rpays * model* of* the* ACDS* and* another* 8* per* cent* are* finalising* their* service* agreements.* During* the* quarter,* the* ACDS* completed* 31* audits* of* radiotherapy* equipment.* In* December,* the* ACDS* performed* the* first* field* trial* audits* on* a* Halcyon,* a* new* type* of* medical* linear* accelerator,* which* is* being* deployed* in* Australia.*

Medical* Imaging*

ARPANSA’s* National* Diagnostic* Reference* Level* Service* collects* data* from* surveys* and* uses* it* to* calculate* Australian* Diagnostic* Reference* Levels* (DRLs)* for* common* multi*rdetector * computed* tomography* (MDCT)* protocols.* The* size* of* the* data* sample* collected* via* the* surveys* improves* the* confidence* in* the* DRLs* that* ARPANSA* sets.* An* extra* 1660* survey* reports* were* submitted* in* the* quarter.* Twenty*rtwo * new* registrants* signed* up* to* participate.*

The* Preliminary* Assessment* for* the* revised* draft* of* the* Medical* Exposure* Code,* along* with* an* updated* gap* analysis* comparing* it* to* the* existing* codes,* was* submitted* to* the* Office* of* Best* Practice* Regulation* (OBPR)* in* November* 2017.* The* OBPR* agreed* with* the* assessment* that* the* changes* were* minor* in* nature* and* a* consultation* regulatory* impact* statement* was* not* required.* The* code* will* be* released* for* a* period* of* public* comment* early* in* 2018.*

Ensuring* risk*r informed* and* efficient* regulation*

Regulatory* guides**

The* following* guides,* which* assist* applicants* and* licence* holders,* were* revised* and* reissued:* x Regulatory* Guide:* Applying* for* a* source* licence** x Regulatory* Guide:* How* to* determine* whether* a* UV* source* is* controlled* apparatus** x Regulatory* Guide:* UV* emitting* apparatus* -* case* studies*

* Significant* licencing* activities*

ARPANSA* investigated* an* event* on* 22* August* 2017* at* the* Australian* Nuclear* Science* and* Technology* Organisation* (ANSTO),* specifically* ANSTO* Health,* which* resulted* in* a* significant* skin* dose* of* radiation* (above* the* statutory* dose* limit)* to* a* worker.* ARPANSA* has* monitored* the* implementation* of* immediate* actions* it* requested* and* assessed* the* event* to* be* a* Level* 3* -* serious* Incident* on* the*

For Official Use Only

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 6**

International* Nuclear* and* Radiological* Event* Scale* (INES).* The* scale* ranges* from* Level* 0* to* 7,* where* Level* 1* events* are* anomalies* with* a* low* safety* significance* and* Level* 7* events* are* major* accidents* such* as* the* nuclear* accidents* at* Chernobyl* and* Fukushima.** ARPANSA’s* classification* was* based* on* the* exposure* causing* non*rlethal * radiation* effects* (tissue* reactions)* on* a* single* worker.* Accidents* with* similar* consequences* involving* several* workers* would* be* subject* to* higher* classification.* This* is* the* first* time* ARPANSA* has* classified* an* event* among* its* licence* holders* at* Level* 3* on* the* INES* scale.* See* ‘Details* of* any* breach* of* licence* conditions* by* a* licensee’* below* for* further* information.*

An* event* occurred* in* September* 2017* at* the* Little* Forest* Legacy* Site* (LFLS),* near* the* main* ANSTO* site* at* Lucas* Heights* NSW,* where* a* helicopter* made* an* unscheduled* landing* on* the* site.* Whilst* the* landing* site* was* within* the* fenced* area* of* the* LFLS,* it* was* away* from* the* trenches* where* low* level* radioactive* waste* was* buried* in* the* 1960s.* ANSTO* has* provided* an* investigation* report* into* the* event.* This* has* been* reviewed* and* a* series* of* further* questions* raised.* ARPANSA* is* currently* awaiting* additional* information* from* ANSTO.*

Inspections*

During* the* quarter,* ARPANSA* completed* nine* inspections* of* radiation* sources* and* facilities.* This* consisted* of* six* scheduled* inspections,* two* augmented* inspections,* and* one* inspection* that* was* postponed* from* the* previous* quarter.* Additionally,* ARPANSA* undertook* 14* site* visits.* The* inspection* reports* can* be* found* on* ARPANSA’s* website* at* arpansa.gov.au/regulation/inspections/reports.*

Stakeholder* engagement**

On* 21* December* 2017,* the* CEO* published* his* intention* to* declare* an* exemption* from* a* siting* licence* for* ARPANSA’s* Medical* Radiation* Services.* The* siting* exemption* decision* was* also* reviewed* by* an* external* state* regulator* (Queensland* Department* of* Health)* at* ARPANSA’s* request* to* manage* any* potential* conflict* of* interest.* The* exemption* relates* to* the* planned* installation* of* a* new* medical* linear* accelerator* in* the* existing* facility.*

ARPANSA* participated* in* meetings* with* the* Sutherland* Shire* City* Council* regarding* the* development* and* review* of* their* Lucas* Heights* Sub*rPlan * Emergency* Plan.* The* focus* of* these* discussions* was* to* ensure* that* the* revised* plan* meets* the* requirements* of* the* newly* published* IAEA* GSR* Part* 7.*

Radioactive* material* import* permits*

The* importation* of* radioactive* material* into* Australia* requires* permission* under* Regulation* 4R* of* the* Customs* (Prohibited* Imports)* Regulations* 1956.* These* regulations* are* made* under* the* Customs* Act* 1901.* Under* the* Customs* (Prohibited* Imports)* Regulations* 1956,* the* Minister* for* Health* may* authorise* ARPANSA* officers* to* issue* import* permits.*

ARPANSA’s*rauthorised * officers* approved* 85* permits* for* non*rmedical * radioisotopes* in* the* form* of* 44* urgent* permits,* 40* standard* permits* and* a* one* year* permits.*

ARPANSA’s*rauthorised * officers* approved* 151* permits* for* medical* radioisotopes* in* the* form* of* 4* one*r year* permits* and* 147* single* shipment* permits.*

Thirteen* export* permits* were* approved.* * *

For Official Use Only

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 7**

Transport* of* radioactive* material*

ARPANSA* endorsed* three* security* plans* for* transport* of* radioactive* material.*

ARPANSA* issued* a* certificate* of* approval* for* a* package* design* for* transport* of* radioactive* material.* The* package* was* manufactured* by* NTP* Radioisotopes* SOC* Ltd* in* South* Africa.*

ARPANSA* issued* two* validation* certificates* endorsing* the* original* revised* certificate* of* approval* by* the* Czech* Republic* Competent* Authority* for* a* Type* B(U)* package* and* the* original* certificate* issued* by* the* Canadian* Competent* Authority* for* a* Type* B(U)* package.* The* Czech* Republic* package* will* be* used* for* transporting* disused* radioactive* sources* and* the* Canadian* package* will* be* used* for* transporting* medical* radioisotopes* overseas.*

ARPANSA* approved* two* shipments* of* OPAL* target* plates* from* Sydney* Airport* to* Lucas* Heights* by* road.* The* target* plates* will* be* used* for* the* production* of* medical* radioisotopes.*

International* engagement*

ARPANSA’s* international* engagement* provides* the* agency* with* the* means* of* influencing* the* international* radiation* protection* and* nuclear* safety* and* security* framework,* and* for* taking* stock* of* international* developments.* ARPANSA’s* regulatory* framework* and* radiation* protection* standards* are* based* on* international* risk* assessments* and* best* practice.* It* strengthens* ARPANSA’s* engagement* with* domestic* stakeholders* in* order* to* grow* awareness* and* collaboration* on* national* interests* and* policy* objectives.* The* following* is* a* summary* of* key* international* engagement* activities* undertaken* in* this* quarter.**

International* Atomic* Energy* Agency* (IAEA)* Response* and* Assistance* Network* (RANET)* Joint* Assistance* Team* (JAT)* Exercise* 1*r 6* October* 2017,* Fukushima,* Japan*

As* part* of* the* IAEA’s* strategy* for* supporting* practical* implementation* of* the* Assistance* Convention,* the* Incident* and* Emergency* Centre* manages* the* IAEA.* RANET,* a* network* for* providing* international* assistance,* upon* request* from* a* State,* following* a* nuclear* or* radiological* incident* or* emergency.* ARPANSA* participated* in* this* exercise* to* conduct* an* IAEA* Assistance* Mission* with* a* JAT* made* up* of* different* Member* States* registered* in* RANET.* The* exercise* aimed* to* identify* any* operational* and* compatibility* issues* that* may* arise* during* a* JAT* assistance* mission.* The* objectives* also* included* testing* the* IAEA’s* Harmonization* Guide* (a* document* on* the* harmonization* of* the* products* generated* through* the* provision* of* assistance).* The* IAEA* and* ARPANSA* co*rfunded * this* travel.*

Meetings* of* the* International* Commission* on* Radiological* Protection* (ICRP)* 6*r 15* October* 2017,* Paris* France*

ARPANSA* CEO* Dr* Carl*rMagnus * Larsson* and* Deputy* CEO* Dr* Gillian* Hirth* attended* various* meetings* of* the* ICRP.* Dr* Larsson* is* one* of* 13* members* of* the* ICRP’s* Main* Commission* and* Dr* Hirth* is* a* member* of* Committee* 4* on* the* Application* of* the* System* for* Radiological* Protection.* The* meetings* coincided* with* the* ICRP’s* 4th* International* Symposium* on* the* System* of* Radiological* Protection,* and* the* 2nd* European* Radiological* Protection* Research* Week.* Key* outcomes* included* publication* of* new* dose* coefficients* for* a* variety* of* elements,* including* radon* and* its* progeny,* which* is* of* significance* in* the* Australian* mining* environment.* Recommendations* under* development* include* management* of* waste* containing* naturally* occurring* radioactive* material,* remediation* and* near*rsurface * disposal*

For Official Use Only

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 8**

facilities.* There* were* also* significant* discussions* on* the* safety* of* imaging* procedures* and* radiation* therapy.* ARPANSA* funded* this* travel.*

IAEA* Integrated* Regulatory* Review* Service* (IRRS)* Follow*r Up* Mission* to* the* nuclear* regulator* Autorité* de* Sûreté* Nucléaire* (ASN)* 1*r 9* October* 2017,* Montrouge,* France*

An* ARPANSA* officer* participated* in* an* IAEA* IRRS* follow*rup * mission* as* part* of* a* team* of* international* experts.* The* object* of* the* mission* was* to* improve* the* French* regulatory* framework* for* nuclear* and* radiation* safety* by* assessing* the* status* of* the* findings* from* the* 2014* IRRS* mission.* It* concluded* that* ASN* had* made* significant* progress* in* enhancing* its* management* system* and* has* developed* policy* statements* incorporating* safety* culture* aspects* in* training,* self*rassessment * and* management.* The* IAEA* and* ARPANSA* co*rfunded * this* travel.*

IAEA* Integrated* Regulatory* Review* Service* (IRRS)* Follow*r Up* Mission* to* the* Energy* and* Minerals* Regulatory* Commission,* 14*r 22* October* 2017,* Amman,* Jordan*

An* ARPANSA* officer* participated* in* an* IAEA* IRRS* follow*rup * mission* as* part* of* a* team* of* international* experts.* The* ARPANSA* officer* joined* the* mission* as* Deputy* Team* Leader* and* expert* reviewer.* The* mission* reviewed* Jordan’s* progress* in* implementing* the* recommendations* and* suggestions* from* an* initial* IRRS* mission* to* the* country* in* 2014.* The* mission* found* that* Jordan* either* fully* implemented* all* the* recommendations* and* suggestions* from* 2014* or* made* considerable* progress* towards* that* goal.* The* IAEA* and* ARPANSA* co*rfunded * this* travel.*

IAEA* 42nd* meeting* of* the* Commission* on* Safety* Standards* (CSS),* and* various* Safety* Standard* Committees’* meetings,* from* 30* October*r 3* November* 2017,* Vienna,* Austria*

ARPANSA* CEO* Dr* Carl*rMagnus * Larsson* as* the* Australian* member* of* CSS,* and* Dr* Geoff* Williams* as* Chair* of* the* Waste* Safety* Standards* Committee* (WASSC),* attended* these* meetings.* CSS* sets* the* policy* direction* for* the* five* IAEA* Safety* Standards* Committees* on* radiation,* nuclear,* waste* and* transport* safety,* and* on* emergency* preparedness* and* response.* The* revised* Specific* Safety* Requirements* (SSR)*r6 * (Regulations* for* the* Safe* Transport* of* Radioactive* Material)* was* adopted,* as* well* as* guidance* on* how* to* transition* from* a* radiation* or* nuclear* emergency.* The* CSS* also* approved* a* large* number* of* document* preparation* profiles* for* new* and* updated* safety* standards.* Dr* Larsson* led* discussions* on* how* recent* publications* by* the* United* Nations* Scientific* Committee* on* the* Effects* of* Atomic* Radiation* (UNSCEAR)* should* be* reflected* in* the* safety* standards.* The* CSS* resolved* to* undertake* a* review* of* the* implications* of* UNSCEAR’s* work.* CSS* will* also* commence* work* on* the* how* the* framework* for* safety* applies* to* ‘barged’* nuclear* power* plants,* which* are* now* being* built* in* the* Russian* Federation* and* elsewhere.* The* IAEA* and* ARPANSA* co*rfunded * this* travel.*

IAEA* 5th* Meeting* of* Emergency* Preparedness* and* Response* Standards* Committee* (EPReSC)* and* Seibersdorf* Laboratory* Visit* 6*r 9* November* 2017,* Vienna,* Austria*

This* meeting* discussed* the* progress* of* a* number* of* IAEA* safety* standards* under* development* were* considered.* The* plans* for* future* emergency* preparedness* and* response* documents* in* the* fields* of* development* of* a* protection* strategy,* medical* response,* and* field* monitoring* were* presented.* An* ARPANSA* officer* was* appointed* as* a* corresponding* member* to* a* working* group* on* the* implications* for* the* IAEA* safety* standards* of* recent* publications* by* the* United* Nations* Scientific* Committee* on* the* Effects* of* Atomic* Radiation* concerning* attributing* health* effects* to* ionizing* radiation* exposure*

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Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 9**

and* inferring* risks.* This* group* will* report* to* the* Commission* for* Safety* Standards.* ARPANSA* funded* this* travel.*

US* Department* of* Energy* (DOE)* National* Nuclear* Security* Administration* (NNSA)* and* Sandia* National* Laboratories* (SNL)* 31* October*r 10* November* 2017,* Carlsbad/Albuquerque* NM,* USA*

ARPANSA* officers* visited* the* DOE* NNSA* Waste* Isolation* Pilot* Plant* (WIPP)* and* participated* in* the* SNL’s* Radiological* Dispersal* Device* and* Radiation* Security* Risk* Workshop.* ARPANSA* staff* were* briefed* on* a* number* of* technical* and* regulatory* aspects* of* the* WIPP* facility* and* were* also* provided* a* physical* tour* and* inspection* of* their* permanent* disposal* operations.* At* SNL,* the* workshop* focussed* upon* emerging* radiation* security* threats* and* sharing* information.* ARPANSA* funded* this* travel.*

43rd* Meeting* of* the* Radiation* Safety* Standards* Committee* (RASSC)* 14*r 15* November* 2017,* Vienna,* Austria*

The* 43rd* RASSC* included* a* session* on* radiation* exposure* in* airline* and* space* travel.* Commercial* airlines* now* fly* at* higher* altitudes,* resulting* in* increased* cosmic* radiation* doses.* A* number* of* commercial* companies* are* also* offering* space* travel,* to* commence* within* the* next* few* years.* It* is* important* to* assess* the* implications* of* the* radiation* doses* which* workers* and* the* public* are* likely* to* receive,* and* to* develop* appropriate* guidance.* This* was* flagged* as* a* possible* priority* issue* for* the* next* term* of* RASSC.* Another* priority* issue* important* to* Australia* is* the* use* of* a* graded* approach* to* regulation,* particularly* in* relation* to* naturally* occurring* radioactive* material.* ARPANSA* funded* this* travel.*

IAEA* 44th* Waste* Safety* Standards* Committee* (WASSC)* and* joint* WASSC*r Radiation* Safety* Standards* Committee* (RASSC)* meetings,* 13*r 17* November* 2017,* Vienna,* Austria*

An* ARPANSA* officer* chaired* this* meeting* of* WASSC,* which* enables* Australia* to* be* involved* in* the* development* of* international* best* practice* standards* in* radioactive* waste* safety.* This* supports* ARPANSA’s* role* in* developing* nationally* uniform* safety* standards* to* manage* and* dispose* of* Australia’s* radioactive* waste* safely* and* with* community* support.* Waste* safety* standards* under* development* of* importance* for* Australia* include* those* on* the* exemption* and* clearance* of* material* from* radiological* regulation,* and* the* new* IAEA* safety* guide* on* Management* of* Radioactive* Residues* from* Uranium* Production* and* Other* NORM* Activities.* The* joint* WASSC*rRASSC * meeting* approved* a* number* of* document* proposals* and* draft* safety* guides* for* advancement.* The* IAEA* and* ARPANSA* co*r funded* this* travel.*

Asia* Pacific* Metrology* Program* (APMP)* Technical* Committee* for* Ionizing* Radiation* (TCRI)* 23*r 28* November* 2017,* New* Delhi,* India*

The* APMP* is* a* technical* exchange* between* the* standards* laboratories* in* the* Asia*rPacific * region* on* the* measurement* of* ionizing* radiation.* This* committee* arranges* comparisons,* reviews* comparisons* from* other* regions,* and* provides* feedback* on* the* international* system* which* underpins* the* equivalence* of* radiation* measurements* around* the* world.* ARPANSA* staff* member* Duncan* Butler* was* appointed* to* the* position* of* Vice* Chair,* APMP*rTCRI * during* the* meeting.* ARPANSA* funded* this* travel.*

For Official Use Only

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 10**

Comprehensive* Nuclear* Test* Ban* Treaty* Organisation* (CTBTO)* Technical* Training* Program* for* Radionuclide* Station* Operators* 23*r 29* October* 2017,* Oakridge* TN,* USA*

ARPANSA* participated* in* this* training* program* for* radionuclide* station* operators* with* ORTEC™* equipment.* The* course* provided* hands*ron * training* and* practical* lessons* on* the* operation,* maintenance* and* repair* of* the* ORTEC* gamma* detector* system.** The* CTBTO* and* ARPANSA* co*r funded* this* travel.*

35th* Meeting* of* the* IAEA* Transport* Safety* Standard* Committee* (TRANSSC)* 11*r 15* December* 2017,* Vienna,* Austria*

ARPANSA* attended* this* meeting* which* focussed* on* the* 2018* edition* of* IAEA’s* Specific* Safety* Requirements* (SSR)*r6 * (Regulations* for* the* Safe* Transport* of* Radioactive* Material)* and* finalising* the* associated* Specific* Safety* Guidance* (SSG)*r 26.* The* 2018* edition* of* SSR*r6 * will* be* important* for* Australia* because* it* is* currently* adopted* as* the* ARPANSA* Code* of* Practice* for* the* Safe* Transport* of* Radioactive* Material.* Compliance* with* this* Code* is* an* Australian* regulatory* requirement,* and* the* related* safety* guides* are* important* for* applying* the* requirements.* ARPANSA* funded* this* travel.*

Details* of* directions* given* by* the* Minister*

No* directions* were* given* by* the* Minister* under* section* 16* of* the* Act.*

Details* of* directions* given* by* the* CEO*

No* directions* were* given* by* the* CEO* under* section* 41* of* the* Act.*

Details* of* improvement* notices* given* by* inspectors*

No* improvement* notices* were* issued* by* ARPANSA* under* section* 80A* of* the* Act.*

Details* of* any* breach* of* licence* conditions* by* a* licensee*

Four* minor* breaches* were* recorded* in* the* quarter.* Two* breaches* were* related* to* non*r compliance* with* codes* of* practice* listed* in* the* licence* conditions,* one* for* non*r compliance* with* a* code* of* practice* listed* in* regulation* 48,* and* one* for* non*r compliance* with* the* organisation’s* own* plans* and* arrangements.*

Three* breaches* with* significant* safety* implications* were* recorded* in* the* quarter.* One* of* the* breaches* involved* the* unauthorised* transfer* of* controlled* material* by* the* Department* of* Defence,* while* the* remaining* two* breaches* were* found* as* a* result* of* a* contamination* accident* at* ANSTO* Health* on* 22* August* 2017.* See* ‘significant* licencing* activities’* above* for* further* information.*

For Official Use Only

Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 11**

Facilities* licensed* under* Part* 5* of* the* ARPANS* Act*

No* facility* licences* were* issued* in* the* period.**

The* operations* of* the* Council* and* Committees*

Radiation* Health* and* Safety* Advisory* Council*

The* Radiation* Health* and* Safety* Advisory* Council* (Council)* met* on* 16*r17 * November* in* Sydney.* It* discussed* ARPANSA’s* activities* to* promote* UV* radiation* protection,* including* further* areas* of* opportunity.* Council* also* discussed* a* radiation* risk* management* concept* for* ARPANSA,* to* be* incorporated* into* ARPANSA* publications,* as* well* as* ARPANSA’s* potential* roles* in* providing* advice* on* radiological* emergencies,* in* particular* the* importance* of* education* and* awareness* prior* to* an* emergency.*

Council* endorsed* a* letter* of* support* to* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* to* pursue* as* a* priority* a* Radiation* Health* Committee* project* to* consider* options* for* a* redesign* of* Australia’s* radiation* regulatory* system* to* improve* national* uniformity.**

Council* also* discussed* terms* of* reference* for* a* new* working* group* on* issues* of* naturally* occurring* radioactive* materials,* and* feedback* was* given* on* ARPANSA’s* media* strategy,* a* proposed* scientific* and* technical* knowledge* and* skills* framework* for* the* agency,* and* a* draft* code* on* radioactive* waste* disposal.**

The* minutes* of* the* meeting* are* on* ARPANSA’s* website* at* www.arpansa.gov.au/rhsac.* The* next* meeting* is* in* Melbourne* on* 7*r8 * March* 2018.*

Reports* to* the* CEO* from* the* RHSAC* under* paragraph* 20(f)* of* the* Act*

The* RHSAC* did* not* provide* any* reports* to* the* CEO* during* this* quarter.*

Radiation* Health* Committee*

The* Radiation* Health* Committee* (RHC)* met* on* 15* November* 2017* in* Sydney.*

Members* noted* the* updated* status* of* Amendment* 8* to* the* National* Directory* for* Radiation* Protection* (NDRP).** The* revised* draft* of* the* NDRP* Amendment* 8* would* be* circulated* to* members* by* mid*rFebruary * 2018.*

The* RHC* agreed* to* the* submission* of* the* preliminary* assessment* on* the* draft* Medical* Exposure* Code* (MEC)* to* the* OBPR* to* determine* whether* or* not* a* RIS* would* be* required.* Members* approved* release* of* the* MEC* for* public* comment* subject* to* the* OBPR* decision.*

Members* noted* that* current* understanding* of* the* potential* magnitude* of* intense* pulsed* light* (IPL)* lasers* in* cosmetic* treatments* is* limited* due* to* the* non*rharmonised * approach* for* incident* reporting.* In* order* to* reduce* this* gap* in* knowledge* a* nationally* uniform* mechanism* is* required* for* reporting* injuries* resulting* from* lasers* during* cosmetic* treatments.* It* was* agreed* that* ARPANSA* would* lead* the* development* of* a* proposal* for* capturing* incidents* related* to* lasers* and* IPLs* in* cosmetic*

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Quarterly* Report* of* the* CEO* of* ARPANSA* -* October* to* December* 2017 * * 12**

treatments.* Members* considered* that* it* would* be* beneficial* if* ARPANSA* writes* on* behalf* of* the* RHC* to* relevant* health* jurisdictions* to* explore* whether* registers* of* such* incidents* are* available.*

Members* noted* that* the* ICRP* has* recently* re*revaluated * the* dose* coefficients* for* radon* progeny* and* intends* to* publish* Publication* 137* Occupational* Intakes* of* Radionuclides:* Part* 3* (OIR* Part* 3)* that* includes* the* revised* dose* coefficients.** Members* considered* a* draft* advisory* note* on* radon* dose* coefficients* as* well* as* a* draft* RHC* statement* and* agreed* to* their* release* after* the* publication* of* OIR* Part* 3* in* early* 2018.*

Members* noted* the* status* of* the* draft* Disposal* Code* based* on* the* IAEA’s* Specific* Safety* Requirement* (SSR)*r5) * and* the* transition* roadmap* from* the* existing* Radiation* Health* Series* (RHS)* 35,* Code* of* Practice* for* the* Near*rsurface * Disposal* of* Radioactive* Waste* in* Australia* (1992),* to* the* new* Disposal* Code.* Members* noted* OBPR* advice* that* no* consultation* RIS* is* needed* and* approved* the* release* of* the* draft* Disposal* Code* for* public* consultation.*

Members* noted* the* revised* draft* Industrial* Radiography* Code* (RPS* C*r4), * the* resolution* of* comments* from* members,* and* the* OBPR* preliminary* assessment.* Members* agreed* to* release* the* draft* for* public* comment* subject* to* the* OBPR* decision* that* a* consultation* RIS* is* not* required.* Following* the* meeting,* the* OBPR* advised* that* no* consultation* RIS* is* required* and* the* Code* was* subsequently* released* for* public* comment.*

The* next* RHC* meeting* will* be* held* on* 13*r14 * March* 2018* in* Melbourne.* The* full* minutes* of* RHC* meetings* are* available* on* the* ARPANSA* website:* www.arpansa.gov.au/rhc.*

Nuclear* Safety* Committee*

The* Nuclear* Safety* Committee* (NSC)* met* on* 20* October* 2017* in* Sydney.* A* range* of* regulatory* issues* were* discussed.* The* NSC* reviewed* and* provided* external* validation* to* ARPANSA’s* Regulator* Performance* Framework* (RPF)* Annual* Self*rAssessment * Report.* The* NSC* concluded* that* the* report* appropriately* reflects* ARPANSA’s* performance* against* the* Key* Performance* Indicators* over* the* assessment* period* and* that* ARPANSA* is* working* within* the* Government’s* RPF.* A* number* of* important* initiatives* for* improvement* were* identified* that* will* strengthen* performance.*

The* NSC* noted* the* reported* accident* at* ANSTO* Health* that* involved* radiological* contamination* to* a* worker’s* hands* that* exceeded* statutory* dose* limits.* See* ‘Significant* licencing* activities’* and* ‘Details* of* any* breach* of* licence* conditions* by* a* licensee’* for* further* information.*

The* NSC* also* noted* an* update* on* the* regulatory* activities* of* the* ANSTO* OPAL* Reactor* since* the* previous* meeting* and* system* performance* evaluations* carried* out* during* the* September* shutdown.* No* significant* regulatory* issues* or* safety* concerns* were* raised* by* NSC* members.*

The* NSC* also* discussed* the* Code* for* Radiation* Protection* in* Planned* Exposure* Situations* and* construction* and* commissioning* progress* for* the* ANSTO* Nuclear* Medicine* Facility.*

The* full* minutes* of* NSC* meetings* are* available* on* the* ARPANSA* website:* arpansa.gov.au/nsc.*

Reports* to* the* CEO* from* the* NSC* under* paragraph* 26(1)(d)* of* the* Act*

The* NSC* did* not* provide* any* reports* to* the* CEO* during* this* quarter.