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Schools Commission Act - Schools Commission - Report for - 1982


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The Parliament o f the Commonwealth o f Australia

SCHOOLS COM M ISSION

Triennium 1982-84

Report for 1982

Presented pursuant to Statute 27 August 1981 Ordered to be printed 24 September 1981

Parliamentary Paper No. 164/1981

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COMMONWEALTH SCHOOLS COMMISSION TRIENNIUM 1 9 8 2 8 4

REPO RT FOR 1 9 8 2

A U G U S T 1981

COMMONWEALTH SCHOOLS COMMISSION TRIENNIUM 1 9 8 2 -8 4

REPO RT FO R 1982

A U G U S T 1981

PRICE LEVELS

All financial recommendations in this report are expressed in 1982 'outturn' prices

ISSN 0312 4002 Copyright Commonwealth Schools Commission 1981 Printed by Union Offset, Canberra

Ik ■ ' . ; 2 t

COMMONWEALTH SCHOOLS COMMISSION

CHAIRMAN

17 August 1981

P O Box 34, W oden

Australian Capital Territory 2 6 0 6 Telephone (062) 8 9 7124

The Hon. Wal. Fife, M.P. Minister for Education Parliament House CANBERRA ACT

Dear Mr Fife

On June 4 you tabled in Parliament the Government's response to the Commission's recommendations in its Report for the Triennium 1982-84. You asked that the Commission report on its detailed recommendations for

allocation of the funds to be provided by the Government in 1982. This report contains those recommendations. For reasons given in a separate statement, Mrs Brown and Mr Marriage, part-time members of the Commission,

are unable to sign this report.

Yours sincerely

P.D. Tannock

M.D. Miland R.J. Andrews E.G. Dunne A.D.P. Dyer W.L. Hamilton D . Mossenson

M.J. Norst J .M . Williams

MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION

Chairman

Peter Darcy Tannock

Full-time Member

Monica Denise Miland

Part-time Members

Robert John Andrews Joan Shirley Brown Edward Gregory Dunne Arthur David Pearson Dyer William Leslie Hamilton Alan Gordon Marriage David Mossenson Marlene Joan Norst

John Michael Williams

Secretary

Ian Hossack

CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 1

Introduction 1

CHAPTER 2 3

Government School Programs 3

General Recurrent Grants Program Capital Grants Program Disadvantaged Schools Program Special Education Program English as a Second Language Program 10

CHAPTER 3 13

Non-Government School Programs 13

General Recurrent Grants Program 13

Capital Grants Program 16

Disadvantaged Schools Program 18

Special Education Program 19

English as a Second Language Program 21

CHAPTER 4 23

Joint Programs 23

Multicultural Education Program 23

Ethnic Schools Program 24

Country Areas Program 25

Children in Residential Institutions Program 26 Severely Handicapped Children Program 26 Professional Development Program 27

Education Centres 28

Special Projects Program 28

CHAPTER 5 31

Summary and Recommendations 31

APPENDIX

Text of Guidelines tabled in the House of Representatives by the Minister for Education, the Hon. Wal. Fife, M.P., on 4 June, 1981 34

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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 On June 4, 1981 the Minister for Education, the Hon. Wal. Fife, tabled in Parliament the Guidelines for the Commonwealth Schools Commission for 1982. These Guidelines set out the Government's responses to the Commission's advice

in its Report for the Triennium 1982-84, and the levels of funding which will be available for the various Commonwealth programs for schools in 1982. The Minister also outlined certain modifications to program administration of the Commission arising from the Review of Commonwealth Functions. The Commission was asked to advise on the detailed distribution

of the 1982 allocations by August 31, 1981. This Report provides that advice. Chapters 2-4 contain the Commission's detailed recommendations on allocations for each program. Chapter 5 sets out in summary form the proposed allocations

for government and non-government schools on a State by State basis. As an appendix the Commission has reproduced the full text of the Guidelines.

1.2 As foreshadowed in the Guidelines, financial allocations set out in this Report for the various programs have been expressed in 'outturn' prices. That is, a prospective allowance has been built in, in advance, to take account of cost increases. This replaces the previous practice whereby programs were

supplemented retrospectively for cost increases. Commonwealth allocations for schools in 1982 will be $1,008.1m compared with $963.5m (expressed in 1982 outturn prices) in 1981. This repre­ sents a real increase of 4.62 per cent for Commission programs

for 1982 over 1981 levels. Most of this has been absorbed by increased recurrent grants to non-government schools (in accordance with previously announced Government policies) and increases in the provision for migrant education, country areas and special education in both government and non-government schools.

1.3 The overall allocation to government schools in 1982 is $479.887m, a reduction of $2.236m on that provided in 1981. The amount allocated for general recurrent grants has been maintained at $269.2m while the capital program has been

reduced by $6.3m to $124.7m. The allocation for general recurrent grants in government schools includes, for the first time, an earmarking provision. An amount of $27m has been earmarked for expenditure on 'transition' programs in

government secondary schools. Of this amount approximately $9m is to be used for cash grants to government secondary schools, comprising a minimum allocation of $10 per student and $500 per school. In addition, 15 per cent ($18.7m) of

the government schools capital program has been designated for equipment and facilities for transition purposes.

1

1.4 The overall allocation for non-government schools in 1982 is $489.301m, an increase of $48.295m on that provided for 1981. The estimated cost of non-government schools general recurrent grants is $418.6m, an increase of $46,7m on the .1981 allocation. This has been caused by the increased subsidy levels promised by the Government in the 1980 election and the fact that the payments are tied to the moving average of government school costs. Government school costs - and standards - again improved markedly. $44.86m has been allocated for capital programs in non-government schools, a reduction of $0.832m on the 1981 level. As in previous years, elements within this program will be earmarked for specific purposes.

1.5 For the specific purpose and joint programs for both government and non-government schools, the Guidelines contain a number of significant changes. Increased funds are provided for New Arrivals (formerly the Contingency Program for Refugee Children). The Country Areas Program (formerly the Disadvantaged Country Areas Program) has been increased in both funding and scope. For the first time, non-government special schools will receive funding from the General Recurrent Grants Program. The Projects of National Significance Program has been allocated $1.4m. This includes provision for Gifted Children and School and Community, as recommended by the Commission, as well as current projects concerned with the Schools Exchange and Travel Scheme, School Evaluation, and Choice and Diversity in Government Schools.

1.6 The Guidelines also ask the Commission to give special attention to the attainment of satisfactory educational and financial accountability arrangements for all programs. These accountability procedures will be developed in consultation with State and non-government school authorities. The

Commission intends to issue program guidelines in November 1981 which will contain details of relevant administrative and accountability arrangements.

1.7 The Government accepted the Commission's advice that schools in the Australian Capital Territory be eligible to participate in an extended range of programs for disadvantaged schools, special education and professional development. The Guidelines indicated that the extent of funding for ACT participation in such programs would be considered in the

1981/82 Budget. The Commission expects to be able to provide details of these allocations later in 1981. The Commission will be seeking to develop program administration arrangements with respect to the Australian Capital Territory comparable to

those operating in the States and the Northern Territory.

2

CHAPTER 2

GOVERNMENT SCHOOL PROGRAMS

GENERAL RECURRENT GRANTS PROGRAM

2.1 The Government has maintained the real level of its general recurrent grants program to government schools by providing $269.2m in 1982 outturn prices. The Guidelines state that the Commonwealth contribution to recurrent resources of

government schools will be determined annually in the context of Budget considerations.

2.2 The Commission recommends that the $269.2m be distributed among States on the same basis as occurred in 1981, that is, on a uniform per capita allocation across both pri­ mary and secondary schools. This approach gives some priority in

funding to primary schools, consistent with Commission policy. Recommendations for general recurrent grants have been made on the basis of each State's share of total government school enrolments in the latest school census figures available at

the time of reporting (August 1980 enrolments). This has resulted in a per capita distribution of $118.39 per student.

2.3 Table 2.1 indicates the number of 'eligible students' in 1980. These are the figures upon which the Commission has based its calculations for recurrent grants allocations in 1982. As in previous years the term 'eligible student' includes full­

time equivalent correspondence and other part-time students, and students enrolled in community welfare institutions. Students enrolled in sessional pre-school classes are excluded. The table also shows the respective percentages of total

primary, secondary and total enrolments in each State and includes 1979 information for purposes of comparison.

3

TABLE 2.1

NUMBERS AND PROPORTIONS OF STUDENTS IN GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, BY STATE/TERRITORY AND LEVEL, 1979 AND 1980

State/ Territory

19 79

Primary Secondary Total

Number / Number % Number %

NSW 516,946 34.64 291,136 36.14 808,082 35.17

Vic 381,724 25.58 232,695 28.89 614,419 26.74

Qld 243,366 16.31 105,952 13.15 349,318 15.20

SA 146,839 9.84 77,753 9.65 224,592 9.77

WA 142,128 9.52 64,901 8.06 207,029 9.01

Tas 44,853 3.01 28,193 3.50 73,046 3.18

NT 16,457 1.10 4,953 0.61 21,410 0.93

Total 1,492,313 100.00 805,583 100.00 2,297,896 100.00

State/ Territory

1980

Primary Secondary Total

Number % Number % Number %

NSW 515,858 34.91 283,686 35.64 799,544 35.17

Vic 369,248 24.99 231,471 29.08 600,719 26.42

Qld 246,893 16.71 106,248 13.35 353,141 15.53

SA 142,340 9.63 76,491 9.61 218,831 9.63

WA 141,701 9.59 64,933 8.16 206,634 9.09

Tas 44,834 3.03 27,559 3.46 72,393 3.18

NT 16,782 1.14 5,527 0.70 22,309 0.98

Total 1,477,656 100.00 795,915 100.00 2,273,571 100.00

2.4 General recurrent grants to each State based on the above enrolments are shown in Table 2 .2. For comparative purposes, each State' 1s allocation for 1981 expressed in 1982 outturn prices is also shown. As indicated in Table 2.2 New South Wales increased its initial 1981 allocation by trans­

ferring $8.401m from its capital program. The Government has decided that this should be no longer possible. This decision is consistent with Commission advice.

4

TABLE 2.2

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS TO EACH STATE/TERRITORY FOR GENERAL RECURRENT GRANTS FOR GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1981 AND 1982

State/ Terri­ tory

1981 1982

Variation 1981 to 1982

Initial alloca­ tion

% Transfers Amount

payable after transfers

Alloca­ tion

%

S'000 $'000 S'000 S ’000 TK)0

NSW 94,658 35.17 8,401 103,059 94,660 35.17 + 2

Vic 71,973 26.74 - 71,973 71,121 26.42 - 852

Qld 40,919 15.20 - 40,919 41,809 15.53 + 890

SA 26,308 9.77 - 26,308 25,908 9.63 - 400

WA 24,251 9.01 - 24,251 24,464 9.09 + 213

Tas 8,557 3.18 - 8,557 8,571 3.18 + 14

NT 2,508 0.93 - 2,508 2,641 0.98 + 133

Total 269,174 100.00 8,401 277,575 269,174 100.00 -

Transition Grants

2.5 In its Guidelines to the Commission, the Government ear­ marked up to $27m from within general recurrent allocations for government schools to pursue two policy objectives: 'greater emphasis by schools on meeting the needs of young people who

are especially disadvantaged by lack of skills and who leave school prematurely; and the need to achieve maximum involvement from parents and local school communities in planning and providing educational opportunities for young people.'

2.6 This earmarked sum for each State is to be found within the amounts for the General Recurrent Grants Program set out in Table 2.2 above. It will replace the Commonwealth funds for the School to Work Transition Program which have previously been allocated to schools through the Commonwealth Department of Education. The latter funds in 1982 will be directed pri­

ncipally to the technical and further education sector. The earmarked amounts for each State are set out in Table 2.3.

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TABLE 2.3

EARMARKED GENERAL RECURRENT GRANTS FOR EACH STATE/TERRITORY FOR TRANSITION PURPOSES, 1982

State/Territory Amount

$'000

New South Wales 9,220

Victoria 7,359

Queensland 4,241

South Australia 2,517

Western Australia 2,490

Tasmania 848

Northern Territory 246

Total 26,921

2.7 Each State/Territory will be expected to ensure that, from the sum earmarked, provision is made for cash grants to secondary school boards or committees for transition purposes at the rate of $10 per student with a minimum cash grant of $500 per school. The Commission's program guidelines to be issued later this year will set out the procedures developed in con­ sultation with States for the implementation of the cash grants scheme. 2.8 As has been indicated in the Guidelines, if a State

increases its allocation to transition education in government schools from its own resources, an equivalent amount will be available from the earmarked Commonwealth allocation for general recurrent purposes. Details of these offsetting arrangements will be worked out in consultations between the Commonwealth

and the States.

CAPITAL GRANTS PROGRAM

2.9 The Guidelines provide for $124.749m in 1982 in outturn prices for capital programs in government schools compared with $131,086m in 1981 , a reduction of $6.337m. States will be

required to spend 15 per cent or $18.712m of the capital program on facilities related to transition activities in secondary schools.

2.10 The Commission is recommending that the 1981 basis for distributing the capital funds among the notional elements be retained for 1982. Thus the general capital element has been allocated on the basis of 1980 enrolments. The Commission is

recommending that an adjustment be made to the Northern Territory grant in each year of the triennium so that by 1984 it will be funded on the same basis as the States. Within the

general capital element the funds earmarked for transition

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education have been determined on the basis of secondary enrolments. The libraries and special education elements have been recommended for distribution on the basis of total enrolments. Funds for disadvantaged schools have been

distributed using the updated index of disadvantage to which reference was made in the Commission's Report for the Triennium 1982-84, Recommended allocations of elements of the capital grants program are shown in Table 2.4. Table 2.5 compares recommended

allocations for 1981 and 1982.

TABLE 2.4

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR THE CAPITAL GRANTS PROGRAM FOR GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1982

State/ Territory General Capital

Transition Education

Notional Elements

Total

Libraries Disadvantaged Schools Special Education

$'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000

NSW 26,750 6,669 4,063 3,049 3,326 43,857

Vic 19,667 5,442 3,052 2,602 2,498 33,261

Qld 12,268 2,498 1,794 901 1,468 18,929

SA 7,350 1,798 1,113 742 911 11,914

WA 7,112 1,527 1,050 716 859 11,264

Tas 2,383 647 367 212 301 3,910

NT 1,054 131 113 223 93 1,614

Total 76,584 18,712 11,552 8,445 9,456 124,749

TABLE 2.5

RECOMMENDED GOVERNMENT TOTAL ALLOCATIONS FOR THE SCHOOLS, 1981 AND 1982

CAPITAL GRANTS PROGRAM FOR

State/

1981 % 1982 %

Variation

Territory 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $'000

NSW 46,482 35.46 43,857 35.16 - 2,625

Vic 35,442 27.04 33,261 26.66 - 2,181

Qld 19,034 14.52 18,929 15.17 - 105

SA 12,882 9.83 11,914 9.55 - 968

WA 11,627 8.87 11,264 9.03 - 363

Tas 4,016 3.06 3,910 3.14 - 106

NT 1,603 1.22 1,614 1.29 + 11

Total 131,086 100.00 124,749 100.00 - 6,337

7

DISADVANTAGED SCHOOLS PROGRAM

2.11 The Guidelines provide $25.348m for the funding of the Disadvantaged Schools Program for government schools in 1982,abo the same level in real terms as in 1981. The Government has accepted the Commission's recommendation that the revised index of disadvantage, as described in the Commission's Report for the Triennium 1982-84, be the basis for the allocation of funds among States and sectors. The Commission is recommending that the revised distribution of funds take place over the three year period 1982-84, as outlined in Table 13.3 of its Triennial Report. The revised distribution base will mean that the funds available to government disadvantaged schools in 1982 will be $25.348m compared to $25.628m in 1981.

2.12 The recommended allocations for the Disadvantaged Schools Program in government schools in 1982 are shown in Table 2.6.

TABLE 2.6

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR DISADVANTAGED GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1981 AND 1982

State/ Territory

1981 % 1982 %

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $'000

NSW 9,045 35.29 9,013 35.56 - 32

Vic 9,069 35.39 8,593 33.90 - 476

Qld 2,620 10.22 2,628 10.37 + 8

SA 2,501 9.76 2,394 9.44 - 107

WA 1,587 6.19 1,758 6.94 + 171

Tas 548 2.14 5 71 2.25 + 23

NT 258 1.01 391 1.54 + 133

Total 25,628 100.00 25,348 100.00 - 280

2.13 The Guidelines also endorsed the Commission's policy that the school should continue to be the unit of funding for the Program and that a maximum enrolment level should be maintained to ensure that the limited funds available under the Program are concentrated in the most disadvantaged schools.

2 .14 The Commission has recommended maximum enrolment levels to correspond to the revised distribution of funds among States. As allocations arising out of the application of the new index will be phased in over a three year period so will the new maximum enrolment levels. The recommended maximum enrolment

levels for government schools in the Disadvantaged Schools Program for 1982 to 1984 are shown in Table 2.7. For comparative purposes 1981 figures are also given.

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TABLE 2.7

RECOMMENDED MAXIMUM ENROLMENTS FOR DISADVANTAGED GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1982 TO 1984

State/Territory 1981 1982 1983 1984

New South Wales 136,500 135,000 133,250 131,750

Victoria 117,000 114,000 111,000 108,250

Queensland 44,000 41,500 39,000 36,500

South Australia 34,000 33,250 32,500 31,750

Western Australia 23,750 26,000 28,000 30,250

Tasmania 8,500 8,750 9,250 9,500

Northern Territory 3,500 4,500 5,500 6,500

2.15 The Commission believes that the Government's direction that school authorities be asked to provide both educational and financial accountability statements to indicate the level and purposes and, if possible, the effects of expendi­

ture of Commonwealth funds, has particular applicability to the Disadvantaged Schools Program. The Commission will be under­ taking consultations with State authorities regarding the development of appropriate procedures for accountability and

evaluation within the Program.

SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAM

2.16 The Special Education Program is designed to supplement the recurrent funding of special schools and schools in which there are special classes to meet the needs of handicapped children, and to provide support for the integration of handi­

capped children into regular schools.

2.17 In its Report for the Triennium 1982-84 the Commission proposed distributing special education recurrent funds among States on the basis of relative enrolments in special schools and in special classes in regular schools. However, in order

to provide incentives for the integration of handicapped children into regular schools and at the same time to give the States flexibility in the disposition of funds for handi­ capped children between regular and special schools, the Commission has decided to recommend that for 1982 a start

should be made towards the goal of distributing these funds on the basis of overall school enrolments. Such a move is also consistent with the Guidelines decision to combine funds for special education with those for integration. The Commission

envisages that the implementation of this new approach to funding will take place over a three year period.

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TABLE 2.8

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR THE SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAM, FOR GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1981 AND 1982

State/ Territory

1981(a) 1982

Special Education Recurrent Grants

%

Special Education Recurrent Grants

Integration Funds Total %

$'000 $'000 $'000 $'000

NSW 6,336 37.70 6,193 338 6,531 36.76

Vic 4,295 25.55 4,343 254 4,597 25.87

Qld 2,281 13.57 2,392 149 2,541 14.30

SA 1,699 10.11 1,672 93 1,765 9.94

WA 1,450 8.63 1,476 88 1,564 8.80

Tas 601 3.58 579 31 610 3.43

NT 144 0.86 151 9 160 0.90

Total 16,806 100.00 16,806 962 17,768 100.00

(a) In 1981 integration funds were included in a joint government/non­ government program amounting to $ 1.237m

2.18 The Commission recommends that expenditure from Common­ wealth funds on integration activities be at least equal to the allocation for that purpose included in Table 2.8 above. The Commission's program guidelines to be issued later this year will deal in more detail with suggested procedures to be adopted in respect of reporting and accounting for this expenditure.

ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE PROGRAM

2.19 The Government currently provides funds to improve the English language competence of students whose first language is not English through the Commonwealth Schools Commission's Migrant Education Program and the Contingency Program for Refugee Children. The Government has accepted the Commission's recommendation that in 1982 there will be one English as a Second Language Program but this will comprise two distinct and separate elements. One, the General Support element, will finance appropriate assistance for students with varying levels of ability in English, and the other, the New Arrivals element, will fund intensive instruction for newly arrived students whose English language comprehension is minimal or non-existent. These two elements are seen as complementary in meeting the differing needs of students. Between them they provide considerable flexibility for education authorities to organise available resources effectively. The Government has provided a total of $42.848m for the English as a Second

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Language Program without specifying how it is to be divided between the two' elements.

General Support Element

2.20 The Commission recommends that the amount allocated to the General Support element of the English as a Second Language Program for government schools in 1982 be $35.078m, an increase of 4.87 per cent over that provided for 1981. In recommending

the allocations set out in Table 2.9, the Commission has applied the results of the recent national survey of students of non- English-speaking background, a co-operative venture conducted by the Commission and State and non-government education

authorities.

2.21 The pattern of distribution of students from non- English -speaking backgrounds revealed by the survey is somewhat different from the current funding distribution among States

and Territories. To avoid significant disruption of on-going programs a phasing in period of the new formula over the next two years is therefore recommended.

TABLE 2.9

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR THE ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE PROGRAM, GENERAL SUPPORT ELEMENT, GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1981 AND 1982

State/ Territory

1981 % 1982 %

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $'000

NSW 11,737 35.09 12,534 35.73 + 797

Vic 13,153 39.32 12,695 36.19 - 458

Qld 1,776 5.31 2,063 5.88 + 287

SA 4,044 12.09 3,718 10.60 - 326

WA 2,040 6.10 2,750 7.84 + 710

Tas 532 1.59 486 1.39 - 46

NT 150 0.45 296 0.84 + 146

Total 33,450(a) 100.00(b) 35.078(c) 100.00(d) +1,628(e)

(a) Includes $18,000 for ACT (b) Includes 0.05% for ACT (c) Includes $536,000 for ACT (d) Includes 1.53% for ACT (e) Includes +$518,000 for ACT

New Arrivals Element

2.22 The New Arrivals element will provide financial support for intensive English language instruction to any newly arrived non-English-speaking school-level student, including those

11

entering Australia as refugees or under the Government's special humanitarian programs, The main aim of this element will be to provide such students with a basic facility in English, It will also assist in their social adjustment.

2.23 Although the New Arrivals element will cater for the categories of students previously funded under the Contingency Program for Refugee Children, the approach to funding allocations will be substantially different from the detailed quarterly

submissions required previously. In accordance with the Government's instruction to base such support on a per capita amount, the Commission is recommending that the New Arrivals element make available a fixed amount per student which may be spent on items similar to those funded under the Contingency Program, such as the salaries of specialist language teachers, teacher aides, equipment and consumables, and transport, or such others as the school authorities regard as appropriate.

2.24 In the determination of funding levels for 1982, account has been taken of statistics provided by the Common­ wealth Department of Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, the pattern of funding for schools under the Contingency Program and the estimated per capita cost of providing six months special

language assistance. In retaining six months as a basis for determining per capita costs, the Commission recognises that not all children in the program will require six months

instruction and that some will require a longer period. It is for education authorities to determine the nature of the program best suited to the language and orientation needs of particular children and the period of time the child should spend in the New Arrivals element before transferring into the General Support element, although the Commission is of the view that three months instruction is a reasonable minimum.

2.25 Funding under the New Arrivals element will provide an estimated per capita payment of $750 per student for a maximum of 12,000 new arrivals spread over government and non­ government school sectors. The government sector is estimated to account for 86.3 per cent of these students. Accordingly, $7.77m is recommended for allocation to government schools for 1982. Payments will be made according to the actual number of new arrivals catered for in each government school system up to a total of $7.77m. The Commission will consult with the States concerning program implementation in 1982. The Commission will be particularly interested in the length of time for which intensive instruction is provided, the variations developed to cope with differing needs, the array of activities supported and the manner in which the New Arrivals element is associated with the General Support element.

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CHAPTER 3

NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOL PROGRAMS

GENERAL RECURRENT GRANTS PROGRAM

3.1 Recurrent grants for non-government schools in 1982 will be made on the basis of a scheme which compresses the existing six levels of subsidy to three. In 1982 schools and systems will be classified into one of three groups and will

receive per capita grants at the specified rates. Table 3.1 gives the recommended grants and the percentage they represent of assessed average government school standard costs. The Commission has calculated these costs, on the basis of data

for the 1979/80 financial year, at $1,480 per student for government primary schools and $2,402 for government secondary schools. These amounts are expressed in 1982 outturn price levels.

TABLE 3.1

1982 PER CAPITA SUBSIDIES PAYABLE TO NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS AND PERCENTAGES OF AVERAGE GOVERNMENT SCHOOL STANDARD COSTS

Group Primary Secondary

% of Average Government School Standard Costs

1

§

296 4§0 2§

2 444 721 30

3 562 913

3

00 CO

(a) In 1983, these grants will increase to 40% of average government school standard costs.

3.2 The Government has decided that assessment of schools with respect to subsidy level will continue to be based primarily on recurrent expenditure from private sources with Planning and

Finance Committees considering 1 disposable income1 as an addit­ ional factor. The Commission will be holding discussions with non-government school authorities before finalising its recom­ mendations on the implementation of this policy and issuing

guidelines to schools and Planning and Finance Committees.

3.3 In 1982 the Commission will commence the introduction of the Government's policies on the restructuring of the subsidy ranges for non-government schools and systems. The

Commission will be recommending detailed procedures for this following the conclusion of discussions with non-government school authorities. For 1982 it is anticipated that transitional

13

arrangements will apply. Schools will be grouped into one of three categories according to their levels of expenditure from private sources (the Schools Recurrent Resources Index or SRRI),

as is presently the case. For 1982 the Commission is recom­ mending that schools and systems in the present Levels 1-3 go into Group 1; those in Levels 4 and 5 into Group 2; and those in Level 6 into Group 3. Some modification of this distribution may be necessary on the basis of more recently available SRRI

data and the application of the 'disposable income' concept. In 1983 the Commission is proposing that the Groups correspond, as much as possible, to the new SRRI ranges determined by the Government in the Guidelines (see Appendices).

3.4 Systemic schools will continue to receive grants from systemic block grants which will be calculated on the same 'averaging' basis as in 1981. Each system will receive a block grant. It is the Commission's expectation that systems will distribute this block grant to individual schools on the basis of need.

3.5 As recommended by the Commission, the Government has decided that new non-systemic schools will now receive supple­ mentary establishment grants for the first four years of their operation to assist with the special costs which accompany the

development of a new school. These establishment grants, which will be calculated on a per student basis, will be 10 per cent, 7.5 per cent, 5 per cent and 2.5 per cent of average government school standard costs respectively for each of the first four years of a non-systemic school's existence. Table 3.2 shows

the per student value of these grants in 1982.

TABLE 3.2

ESTABLISHMENT GRANTS PER STUDENT FOR NEW NON-GOVERNMENT NON-SYSTEMIC SCHOOLS, 1982

Year of Operation

% of government standard cost

Grant per primary student

Grant per secondary student

% $ $

1st Year 10 148 240

2nd Year 7.5 111 180

3rd Year 5 74 120

4th Year 2.5 37 60

The Commission will be issuing guidelines to State Planning and Finance Committees on the introduction of this revised approach to new non-systemic schools. These guidelines will indicate procedures to be adopted in relation to new schools which

commenced in the last three years.

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3.6 Estimates of the cost of the General Recurrent Grants Program in 1982 have been based on the number of students enrolled in school at the August 1980 census date. Judgments have been made of the new category into which each school and

system would fit. Allowance has been made for additional funds necessary to give effect to the transition arrangements outlined in paragraph 3.3. Table 3.3 sets out non-government school

enrolments by State and Table 3.4 gives the estimated cost for each State and the Northern Territory of general recurrent grants to non-government schools in 1982. Total outlays are dependent upon actual enrolments, final decisions relating to

the placement of schools in funding levels and the number of new schools establishing themselves in 1982.

TABLE 3.3

NUMBERS OF ELIGIBLE STUDENTS AND PERCENTAGES OF ALL ENROLMENTS IN NON­ GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1979 AND 1980, BY STATE AND TERRITORY(a)

State/ Territory

19 79

Primary Secondary Total

Number % Number / Number %

NSW 127,959 35.96 95,019 34.47 222,978 35.31

Vic 114,332 32.13 96,025 34.84 210,35 7 33.31

Qld 54,825 15.41 40,225 14.59 95,050 15.05

SA 22,635 6.36 17,213 6.24 39,848 6.31

WA 25,871 7.27 20,182 7.32 46,053 7.29

Tas 8,126 2.28 6,312 2.29 14,438 2.29

NT 2,082 0.59 677 0.25 2,759 0.44

Total 355,830 100.00 275,653 100.00 631,483 100.00

1980(b)

State/ Primary Secondary Total

Territory

Number % Number % Number %

NSW 133,051 35.94 97,237 34.37 230,288 35.26

Vic 119,397 32.25 98,521 34.83 217,918 33.37

Qld 56,812 15.35 41,681 14.73 98,493 15.08

SA 23,375 6.31 17,659 6.24 41,034 6.28

WA 27,012 7.30 20,649 7.30 47,661 7.30

Tas 8,235 2.23 6,393 2.26 14,628 2.24

NT 2,307 0.62 765 0.27 3,072 0.47

Total 370,189 100.00 282,905 100.00 653,094 100.00

(a) Does not include ACT enrolments which are funded under separate legislation. (b) Includes students in non-government special schools not previously included in general resource allocations (see paragraph 3.15).

15

TABLE 3.4

ESTIMATED COST OF GENERAL RECURRENT GRANTS PROGRAM FOR NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1982

State/Territory 1981 1982

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $'000

New South Wales 132,966 149,597 + 16,631

Victoria 121,568 137,402 + 15,834

Queensland 57,721 65,006 + 7,285

South Australia 22,701 25,365 + 2,664

Western Australia 26,976 30,058 + 3,082

Tasmania 8,191 9,153 + 962

Northern Territory 1,784 1,991 + 207

Total 371,907 418.572(a) + 46,665

(a) The Commission's original estimate of the cost of this program for 1982 was $414.102m in 1982 outturn prices. This amount was shown in the Government's Guidelines. This amount was based on pre­ liminary estimates of the standard cost for 1982, which assumed that average State expenditure on government schools had increased by some 4 per cent in real terms between 1978-79 and 1979-80. When

final figures for 1979-80 became available to the Commission there was found to be a 4.6 per cent increase in primary and a 6.2 per cent increase in secondary costs in government schools.

3.7 The Government will provide funds at the same real level in 1982 as in 1981 for short term emergency assistance. The $0.796m provided in this program will be used to assist individual non-government schools which are experiencing severe temporary financial difficulties. The Commission is considering the scope of this program and the limitations to its application and will provide a fuller outline of any changes approved by the Government when it issues its program guidelines later in 1981.

CAPITAL GRANTS PROGRAM

3.8 The Government will provide $44.856m for capital programs in non-government schools in 1982. This comprises the additional unsupplemented $8m for new places, together with an amount equivalent to the 1981 allocation for the other

elements ($33.384m) adjusted to outturn prices ($36.856m).

3.9 Except in the case of the Northern Territory, the recommended distribution of the general capital element is based on total enrolments as is the distribution of the libraries element. A multi-factor basis of distribution, previously approved by the Minister for Education, applies to the new enrolments element. The Commission, following

16

consultation with non-government school authorities, is recommending that the new enrolments element incorporate the amounts previously allocated for 'developing areas' and that the latter be redistributed on the basis of the former. The updated index of disadvantage has been applied in

relation to the recommended allocation for disadvantaged schools. The recommended allocation of notional elements is shown in Table 3.5.

TABLE 3.5

RECOMMENDED 1982 ALLOCATIONS FOR CAPITAL GRANTS TO NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS,

State/ General New Disadvantaged

Territory Capital Enrolments Libraries Schools Total

$'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000

NSW 9,208 2,605 1,559 800 14,172

Vic 8,711 2,553 1,4 75 862 13,601

Qld 3,937 2,177 667 180 6,961

SA 1,640 1,181 277 101 3,199

WA 1,905 1,705 323 154 4,087

Tas 587 547 99 29 1,262

NT 411 619 21 11 1,062

Total 26,399 11.899(a) 4,421 2,137 44.856(a)

(a) Includes $512,000 for ACT.

3.10 These capital recommendations incorporate two signi­ ficant changes in funding for the Northern Territory. The Commission proposes that the Territory have access to funds previously provided under the developing areas element. It

is also proposing that the special loading the Territory has received under the general capital element be phased out over a three year period. Table 3.6 compares recommended total capital allocations for 1981 and 1982.

Transition Education

3.11 In the Guidelines, the Government has asked that non­ government school authorities give particular attention to the special transition needs of students in their secondary schools. The Commission will be consulting with non-government schools to consider ways, within current allocations and

commitments, of ensuring that activities in the area of transition education are given high priority. Within the capital program for non-government schools a specific alloca­ tion will not be earmarked for transition education; State

Planning and Finance Committees, however, will be asked to give particular consideration to projects involving the provision of appropriate facilities in secondary schools and to monitor progress. Details will be set out in the Commission's program guidelines to be issued later this year.

17

TABLE 3.6

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR CAPITAL GRANTS TO NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1981 AND 1982

State/ Territory

1981 1982

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $'000

NSW 14,120 14,172 + 52

Vic 13,969 13,601 - 368

Qld 7,295 6,961 - 334

SA 3,182 3,199 + 17

WA 4,278 4,087 - 191

Tas 1,12 7 1,262 + 135

NT 1,076 1,062 - 14

Total 45,688(a)(b) 44,856(c) (b) - 832(d)

(a) Includes $641,000 for ACT. (b) Non-government schools in the ACT receive additional capital funds through the Government's annual Budget appropriations. (c) Includes $512,000 for ACT. (d) Includes -$129,000 for ACT.

DISADVANTAGED SCHOOLS PROGRAM

3.12 The Commission recommends that the funds available to non-government schools under this program in 1982 be $4.251m compared to $3.971m in 1981. The increase of $0.280m results from the adoption of the revised index of disadvantage as the basis for distributing funds among States and sectors. As is the case for government schools, the Commission recommends that the funding allocations flowing from the 1980 index be phased in over a three year period.

3.13 Recommended allocations for the Disadvantaged Schools Program in 1982 are shown in Table 3.7. The proportional allocations shown have been adjusted slightly from those shown in Table 13.3 of the Commission's Report for the Triennium 1982-84. This adjustment was necessary because, in determining the allocation for non-government schools in the Northern Territory in Table 13.3, enrolments in mission schools were included. As mission schools are not funded under Commission programs it has been necessary to determine an alternative

funding basis for non-government disadvantaged schools in the Northern Territory.

18

TABLE 3.7

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR NON-GOVERNMENT DISADVANTAGED SCHOOLS, 1981 AND 1982

State/Territory 1981 1982

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $ ’000

New South Wales 1,435 1,559 + 124

Victoria 1,678 1,765 + 87

Queensland 245 298 + 53

South Australia 314 286 - 28

Western Australia 198 248 + 50

Tasmania 77 71 - 6

Northern Territory 24 24 -

Total 3,971 4,251 +280

3 . 1 4 In line w i t h the a p p r o a c h a d o p t e d for g o v e r n m e n t

sch o o l s , the r e c o m m e n d e d m a x i m u m e n r o l m e n t l e v e l s for non-

g o v e r n m e n t s c h o o l s in t he D i s a d v a n t a g e d S c h o o l s P r o g r a m for 1 9 8 2 - 8 4 are s h o w n in T a b l e 3.8. F o r c o m p a r a t i v e p u r p o s e s 195

f i g u r e s are a l s o g iven

TABLE 3.8

RECOMMENDED MAXIMUM ENROLMENTS FOR DISADVANTAGED NON -GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1982 TO 1984

State/Territory 1981 1982 1983 1984

New South Wales 19,750 21,750 24,000 26,000

Victoria 22,000 23,750 25,500 27,250

Queensland 4,500 5,000 5,250 5,750

South Australia 4,250 4,000 3,750 3,250

Western Australia 3,000 3,750 4,250 5,000

Tasmania 900 1,000 1,000 1,000

Northern Territory(a) - - -

(a) Because of the small numbers Involved in the Northern Territory no enrolment ceilings are set. A maximum of two schools may participate in the program.

SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAM

3.15 As recommended by the Commission, the Guidelines provide for the participation of non-government special schools in the General Recurrent Grants Program for the first time. As

19

a result, non-government special schools will receive basic per capita grants at the rate of 20 per cent of government primary school standard costs. This will mean that each non-government special school will receive Group 1 primary per capita subsidies amounting to $296 per student in 1982. Special education recurrent grants will then be allocated on a 'top-up' basis according to assessments of the respective needs of non-government special schools or special classes in ordinary schools.

3.16 The Commission believes special education funds should be distributed among non-government schools in accordance with principles which encourage integration and the provision of services to all handicapped children wherever they are located. The Commission has decided, therefore, it should recommend that for 1982 a start be made on the distri­ bution of funds available for special education and integration

in non-government schools according to overall enrolments. The Commission envisages that the phasing in of this arrange­ ment for distributing these funds will occur over a three year period.

3.17 Table 3.9 shows the recommended financial allocations for non-government special education programs, 1981 and 1982.

TABLE 3.9

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR THE NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAM, 1981 AND 1982

State/ Terri­ tory

1981(a) 1982

Special Educa­ tion Recur­

rent Grants

% Special

Educa­ tion Recur­ rent Grants

Inte­ gration Funds

Sub­ Total Estimated additional

allocation from General Recurrent Grants Pmoram fti Ί

Total Allo­ cation

%

$'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000

NSW 1,364 30.47 1,436 97 1,533 412 1,945 30.57

Vic 1,725 38.53 1,648 92 1,740 741 2,481 38.99

Qld 1,007 22.49 896 42 938 310 1,248 19.61

SA 159 3.55 200 17 217 58 2 75 4.32

WA 222 4.96 257 20 277 90 367 5.77

Tas - 33 6 39 -(c) 39 0.61

NT - - 7 1 8 -(c) 8 0.13

Total 4,477 100.00 4,477 275 4,752 1,611 6,363 100.00

(a) In 1981 integration funds were included in a joint government/non-government school program amounting to $1.237m. (b) These allocations have been included in Table 3.4 (General Recurrent Grants Program for non-government schools). (c) There are no non-government special schools in Tasmania or the Northern

Territory.

20

3.18 The integration of handicapped children into regular schools may only be possible where additional support services can be provided. The Commission recommends that non-government school authorities be eligible to apply for funds to pay for

such services from Special Education Program funds. To enable handicapped children receiving education in non-government schools in Tasmania and the Northern Territory (where there are no non-government special schools) to receive support services

and to provide other handicapped children with the option of attending non-government schools, a recommended allocation of special education funds to both Tasmania and the Northern Territory has been made for 1982.

3.19 As foreshadowed in the Guidelines, there will be some changes to the administration of this Program. The Commission is proposing that its State Planning and Finance Committees

accept responsibility for recommending on the distribution of the funds to non-government schools. Consultations with non­ government school authorities to facilitate this will be held prior to 1982.

ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE PROGRAM

3.20 The Commission is recommending that the basis of the Program in non-government schools in 1982 be the same as for government schools.

General Support Element

3.21 The Commission recommends that the amount provided for the General Support element for non-government schools in 1982 be $14.842m, an increase of 8.28 per cent over the 1981 allocation reflecting the increased amount provided by the Government for this area. The additional funds have been

recommended for distribution among the States and Territories in the same way as for government schools. As with the redistribution among government systems, the Commission is recommending that the new formula derived from the national survey of students from non-English-speaking backgrounds be phased in over a two year period.

3.22 The Commission is recommending a continuation of the division of funds between Catholic and non-Catholic schools. On the basis of demand for funds in 1981, the Commission is recommending that 4 per cent of the total funds be reserved

for non-Catholic schools in 1982, and that State Planning and Finance Committees accept responsibility for proposing the distribution of this amount to such schools. The Commission will issue detailed guidelines to enable Planning and Finance

Committees to carry out this task. Administrative arrangements for this program which currently exist in respect of Catholic schools will continue.

3.23 Table 3.10 sets out the recommended allocations for non-government schools in 1982 compared with 1981.

21

TABLE 3.10

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR THE ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE PROGRAM, GENERAL SUPPORT ELEMENT, NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, 1981 AND 1982

State/Territory 1981(a) 1982(b)

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $'

o o o

New South Wales 4,914 4,845 - 69

Victoria 4,838 5,539 - 701

Queensland 789 832 + 43

South Australia 1,312 1,115 - 197

Western Australia 1,788 1,424 - 364

Tasmania 27 121 + 94

Northern Territory - 103 + 103

Total 13,707(c) 14.842(d) +1» 135

(a) Distribution by State for non-government sector (b) Distribution by State for Catholic schools (c) Includes $39,000 for the ACT (d) Includes $269,000 for Catholic schools in the ACT and $594,000 for

non-Catholic non-government schools throughout Australia

New Arrivals Element

3.24 The same distributional principles and administrative arrangements will apply with respect to non-government school funding for this purpose as for government schools. The non­ government sector is estimated to account for 13.7 per cent of eligible students. Accordingly, $1.232m is recommended for allocation to non-government schools for 1982. The Commission will consult non-government school authorities concerning program implementation in 1982 and will publish details in its guidelines to be issued later this year.

22

CHAPTER 4

JOINT PROGRAMS

MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION PROGRAM

4.1 The Multicultural Education Program was established in 1979 following Government acceptance of the Galbally Report which recommended funding of $5m for multicultural education to be spread over three years (1979-81). In the Guidelines,

the Government has indicated that the program will continue in 1982 at a slightly increased level.

4.2 The program supports a broad range of activities aimed at encouraging schools to respond to the multicultural nature of Australian society. The Commission has decided to recommend that funding be on the basis of block grants to the States in

relation to total enrolments. The Commission intends that in the allocation of funds within States, some balance be main­ tained between support for community languages and support for general activities in multicultural education and will be

drawing attention to this in its program guidelines.

4.3 To date, the program has been particularly concerned with activities which could be related to the cultures of people who have recently migrated to Australia. Consistent with the recommendation in its recent Triennial Report, the

Commission now proposes that the funds also be available to support Aboriginal language and culture programs. The Commission hopes that such a change will not lead to a downward adjustment of funds by other agencies supporting Aboriginal education programs. The Commission expects that there will be

consultation between Multicultural Education Co-ordination Committees and Aboriginal Education Consultative Groups in the States regarding this new development.

4.4 Of the total funds available, an amount of $0.328m is recommended for the support of national multicultural education projects. Within State allocations, funds should continue to be used for small grants and the employment of

ethnic school liaison officers. Overall, it is expected that the activities funded under the program will foster the teaching of community languages and cultures, as well as the development of positive attitudes to multicultural activities

in Australian schools.

4.5 Recommended allocations for the Multicultural Education Program in government and non-government schools are shown in Table 4.1. The Commission has based those for 1982 on the most recently available State and Territory enrolment distri­ butions, except in the case of the Northern Territory. In

23

the Commission's view, the amount arrived at by a strict application of the formula would leave the Territory with insufficient funds to mount an effective program. It is therefore recommending an allocation of $0.043m for the Northern Territory.

TABLE 4.1

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS, 1981 AND 1982

State/Territory 1981 1982 %

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $'000

New South Wales 1,255 1,302 34.44 + 47

Victoria 1,022 1,035 27.37 + 13

Queensland 540 571 15.10 + 31

South Australia 351 329 8.70 - 22

Western Australia 319 321 8.49 + 2

Tasmania 114 110 2.91 - 4

Northern Territory 43 43 1.14 -

Sub-total 3.707(a) 3.781(b) 100.00(c) + 74(d)

National Projects 324 328 + 4

Total 4.031(a) 4.109(b) 100.00(c) + 78(d)

(a) Includes $63,000 for ACT. (b) Includes $70,000 for ACT. (c) Includes 1.85% for ACT. (d) Includes +$7,000 for ACT.

ETHNIC SCHOOLS PROGRAM

4.6 The Ethnic Schools Program commenced in 1981 following acceptance by the Government of a recommendation by the Australian Institute of Multicultural Affairs in its report Review of Multicultural and Migrant Education (September 1980).

4.7 Grants of up to $30 per student per annum will be made available on an application basis in 1981 and 1982 to ethnic education authorities which provide community language and related cultural programs through part-time ethnic schools or

insertion classes in regular schools. These funds are available subject to special conditions and can be used only for educa­ tional purposes.

4.8 The Commission is sponsoring a comprehensive survey into the needs of part-time ethnic schools with a view to arriving at recommendations on appropriate forms of support beyond 1982.

24

4.9 An estimated amount of $3m has been provided for the Program in 1982. This will be adjusted (as with the General Recurrent Grants Program for non-government schools) for the actual numbers of eligible enrolments in these part-time ethnic

schools in 1982. The per capita grants for 1982 will be the same as for 1981 that is, up to $30 per student per annum. This amount has not been the subject of cost adjustment.

COUNTRY AREAS PROGRAM

4.10 The Government has accepted the recommendations made by the Commission in its Report for the Triennium 1982-84 with respect to this Program. The new Country Areas Program will be a separate and permanent (as distinct from pilot) Program and

in 1982 an amount of $8.451m will be available for it. This represents an increase in real terms of $1.523m or 22 per cent over the 1981 funding level.

4.11 The change in name of the Program reflects the change in its direction from a principal focus on socio-economic disadvantage to a concern for the special issues related to country education as a whole, including rural disadvantage. The two main objectives of the Program are to alleviate deep

seated rural disadvantage as it affects education, and to address the specific problems and needs of country education as a whole, including finding the best ways of delivering services to country students and developing more educationally effective processes in rural communities. The Commission will be holding discussions with State and non-government school

authorities to develop guidelines for the implementation of this expanded program. These guidelines, which will emphasise the joint and community nature of the program, will be published later in 1981.

4.12 The recommended allocations for the Country Areas Program in 1982 are based on the formula set out in the Commission's Report for the Triennium 1982-84. They are detailed in Table 4.2.

TABLE 4.2

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR THE COUNTRY AREAS PROGRAM, 1981 AND 1982

State/Territory 1981 1982

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 <;'ooo

New South Wales 1,978 2,287 + 309

Victoria 1,122 1,320 + 198

Queensland 1,627 2,013 + 386

South Australia 533 758 + 225

Western Australia 1,132 1,438 + 306

Tasmania 386 391 + 5

Northern Territory 150 244 + 94

Total 6,928 8,451 + ] L ,523

25

CHILDREN IN RESIDENTIAL INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM

4.13 This program provides financial assistance to broaden the range of educational activities available to children living in institutions. These projects have provided assistance such as tutoring, remedial help, therapy, the development of motor skills, curriculum support and the provision of educational

resources such as books and equipment. The program continues to foster activities for institution staff and parents to heighten participation by parents and liaison between schools and institutions.

4.14 Recommended allocations among States reflect each State's proportion of overall school enrolments. In 1982 funding will be provided at the same level as in 1981.

4.15 Table 4.3 sets out recommended allocations for the Children in Residential Institutions program for 1981 and 1982.

TABLE 4.3

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR THE CHILDREN IN RESIDENTIAL INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM, 1981 AND 1982

State/Territory 1981 1982

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'003 $'000 $'000

New South Wales 663 666 + 3

Victoria 536 529 - 7

Queensland 280 292 + 12

South Australia 175 168 - 7

Western Australia 162 164 + 2

Tasmania 58 56 - 2

Northern Territory 18 17 - 1

Total 1,892 1,892 -

SEVERELY HANDICAPPED CHILDREN PROGRAM

4.16 This program will be administered on a joint basis in 1982. It is designed to provide educational opportunities and support for severely handicapped children living in institutions or their own homes.

4.17 During 1981 the Commission consulted the States regarding ways in which services should be provided for these children. It is clear that great variety exists in preferred methods of providing for the education of severely handicapped children.

26

4.18 In view of this diversity and the need to co-ordinate the efforts of all interested parties,whether government or non­ government , the Commission will be seeking the establishment of joint committees which will have responsibility for making

funding recommendations in relation to each State or Territory, Discussions will be held with various authorities in the government and non-government sectors and detailed arrangements, when concluded, will be incorporated into the Commission's

program guidelines.

4.19 The Commission recommends that the funds available in 1982 for the Severely Handicapped Children program, which are at the same real level as in 1981, be distributed among the States and Territories on the same basis as in 1981, that

is, respective shares of the school age population according to the latest available figures. This results in allocations as outlined in Table 4.4

TABLE 4.4

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR SEVERELY HANDICAPPED CHILDREN PROGRAM, 1981 AND 1982

State/Territory 1981 1982

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $'000

New South Wales 843 846 + 3

Victoria 669 666 - 3

Queensland 378 381 + 3

South Australia 217 214 - 3

Western Australia 222 221 - 1

Tasmania 77 75 - 2

Northern Territory 24 26 + 2

Total 2.472(a) 2.472(b) - (c)

(a) Includes $42,000 for ACT (b) Includes $43,000 for ACT (c) includes +$1,000 for ACT

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

4.20 The existing Services and Development Program has been renamed the Professional Development Program. It provides funds for inservice activities involving teachers, administrators, parents and other people associated with schools. The Commission believes that one of the major benefits gained through the

program is the involvement of parents and community repre­ sentatives in the development activities. It expects this to continue at least at the 1981 level. This matter will be taken up in the Commission's program guidelines,

27

4.21 The Commission is recommending allocations for pro­ fessional development activities as shown in Table 4.5. The allocations represent the first stage in the progressive intro­ duction over a three year period of a new funding index

foreshadowed in the Commission's Report for the Triennium 1982-84. This index allocates 80 per cent of the total funds available among the States and the Northern Territory on the basis of enrolments in all schools. The remaining funds are distributed taking account of the dispersal of teachers in

country areas and therefore provide additional support for those States and Territories where high costs are involved in providing inservice activities to teachers in isolated regions.

TABLE 4.5

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR THE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM, 1981 AND 1982

State/Territory 1981 1982

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $'000

New South Wales 5,470 5,503 + 33

Victoria 4,371 4,146 - 225

Queensland 2,354 2,635 + 281

South Australia 1,401 1,338 - 63

Western Australia 1,338 1,327 - 11

Tasmania 462 440 - 22

Northern Territory 166 173 + 7

Total 15,562 15,562 -

EDUCATION CENTRES

4.22 The Commission is currently reviewing the funding levels for the 34 Education Centres which are Commonwealth financed and which operate in all States. Grants totalling $1.977m will be provided in 1982. The Commission will make recommenda­

tions on allocations for each Centre later in 1981. Although Commonwealth funds are provided on an annual basis, the Commission hopes to provide each Centre with an indication of the three year funding levels which will be recommended subject to Government decisions in the annual Guidelines. The Commission hopes that such longer term indications of funding will give the Centres a better basis for forward planning.

SPECIAL PROJECTS PROGRAM

4.23 With the termination of the Innovations Program in December 1981, Projects of National Significance will comprise the sole element of the Special Projects Program. Funds for 1982 have been provided at the same level in real terms as in 1981,

that is, $1,403m.

28

4.24 The Commission recommends that the Program have two elements: one comprising specific components and one reflecting general initiatives of national importance. The recommended

specific components of the Program are as follows:

. Choice and Diversity in Government School Systems . Gifted and Talented Children . Schools Exchange and Travel Scheme . School Evaluation . School and Community . Education of Girls.

4.25 Choice and diversity in Government School Systems, In 1979 the Commission introduced a project to foster the develop­ ment of choice and diversity within government school systems. It was envisaged that participating systems would be supported

for a period of three to five years. By 1981 four State systems were participating, with the expectation of continued funding in 1982. The Commission hopes the project will extend to other systems in 1982. It is recommending an allocation of $0.3m

for the project in 1982.

4.26 Gifted and Talented Children. The Commission is examining ways of promoting systematic development of education policies and practices related to the particular needs of gifted and talented children. It has established an advisory group to

assist in this regard. The Commission is recommending that an amount of $0.lm be allocated for the support of policy development and special national projects in this area.

4.27 Schools Exchange and Travel Scheme. The Schools Exchange and Travel Scheme provides opportunities for principals, teachers, parent representatives and other people directly associated with schools to travel interstate and work for short periods with colleagues with similar interests and concerns.

State and non-government school authorities provide considerable matching support for participants in the scheme. The Commission recognises its importance and value in breaking down the pro­ fessional isolation of teachers and in providing opportunities

for members of the community who are actively involved in school improvement efforts to gain wider experience and knowledge. The Commission recommends that it be supported at about the same level as in 1981, and has allocated $0.15m for this purpose.

4.28 School Evaluation. The Commission recommends that pro­ vision for this national project, first introduced in 1979 (as School Level Evaluation) be continued in 1982. It recommends that a total of $0.15m be available to support the scheme. These funds provide financial assistance for schools wishing to undertake reviews and evaluations of their organisation and operations as a basis for planning reform and further

development.

29

4.29 School and Community. An amount of $0.lm is recommended for activities which, in line with the Commission's recommendations in its Report for the Triennium 1982^84 (under the heading Students and the Community) will assist parents to participate more effectively in the schooling process, support school systems wishing to experiment with ways of facilitating parent participation, and promote the development of proposals for collaborative studies of practice in the area.

4.30 Education of Girls. Since the inception of the Special Projects Program the Commission has maintained as a priority area support for projects aimed at improving educational oppor­ tunities for girls. The Commission is in the process of establishing an advisory group to work in this policy area. The Commission is recommending an allocation of $0.lm to support policy development and special national projects relatec to meeting the special education needs of girls,

4.31 General Projects of National Significance. The Commissior is recommending that the balance of the funds available for pro­ jects of national significance be used to support general activities which are proposed by States and non-government system authorities and/or schools and related groups. In the past, these general funds have been used to finance national projects in such areas as Aboriginal education, rationalisation of resources use in education, and the promotion of curriculum

and organisational reforms in schools and school systems. The Commission will continue to promote such national projects and will provide details of procedures for application for general support from this element of the program in the guidelines it

issues later this year.

TABLE 4.6

RECOMMENDED ALLOCATIONS FOR PROJECTS OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE, 1981 AND 1982

1981 1982

Variation 1981 to 1982

$'000 $'000 $'000

Choice and Diversity in Government School Systems 277 300 + 23

Gifted and Talented Children - 100 + 100

Schools Exchange and Travel Scheme 163 150 - 13

School Evaluation 277 150 - 127

School and Community - 100 + 100

Education of Girls - 100 + 100

General Projects of National Significance 686 503 - 183

1,403 1,403 -

30

CHAPTER 5

SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Table 5.1 sets out the allocations for 1982 by program, by sector and by State and Territory.

TABLE 5.1

FINANCIAL ALLOCATIONS FOR 1982

PROGRAMS NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT TOTAL

GOVERNMENT SCHOOL PROGRAMS

$'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000

General Recurrent English as a Second 94,660 71,121 41,809 25,908 24,464 8,571 2,641 269,174

Language 12,534 12,695 2,063 3,718 2,750 486 296 42,848

Disadvantaged Schools 9,013 8,593 2,628 2,394 1,758 571 391 25,348

Special Education 6,531 4,597 2,541 1,765 1,564 610 160 17,768

Capital Grants 43,857 33,261 18,929 11,914 11,264 3,910 1,614 124,749

NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOL PROGRAMS

166,595 130,267 67,970 45,699 41,800 14,148 5,102 479,887

General Recurrent 149,597 137,402 65,006 25,365 30,058 9,153 1,991 418,572

Emergency Assistance English as a Second

- - 796

Language 4,845 5,539 832 1,115 1,424 121 103 16,074'

Disadvantaged Schools 1,559 1,765 298 286 248 71 24 4,251

Special Education 1,533 1,740 938 217 277 39 8 4,752

Capital Grants 14,172 13,601 6,961 3,199 4,087 1,262 1,062 44,856

171,706 160,047 74,035 30,182 36,094 10,646 3,188 489,301

TABLE 5.1 CONTINUED

PROGRAMS NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT TOTAL

$'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 $'000

JOINT PROGRAMS

Multicultural

4 109 ^

3,000^ '

Education 1,302 1,035 571 329 321 110 43

Ethnic Schools - - - - - - -

Country Areas Special Education -2,287 1,320 2,013 758 1,438 391 244 8,451

Children in Institutions 666 529 292 168 164 56 17 1,892

2 ,ΐ \ Ί 2 κτ> Severely Handicapped 846 666 381 214 221 75 26

Professional Development 5,503 4,146 2,635 1,338 1,327 440 173 15,562

Education Centres Projects of National

1,977

Significance - - - 1,403

10,604 7,696 5,892 2,807 3,471 1,072 503 38,866

TOTAL 348,905 298,010 147,897 78,688 81,365 25,866 8,793 1,008,054

(a) Includes $536,000 for ACT and $7,770,000 for New Arrivals (including provision for ACT) (b) Includes $269,000 for Catholic. schools in ACT, $594 ,000 for non-Catholic non-government schools and $1,232,000 for New Arrivals (including provision for ACT) (c) Includes $512,000 for ACT (d) Includes $70,000 for ACT and $328,000 for projects of national significance (e) Includes provision for ACT

(f) Includes $43,000 for ACT

5.2 It is recommended that:

the financial allocations for 1982 be as set out in Table 5.1

33

APPENDIX

TEXT OF GUIDELINES

Part of the Guidelines statement made in the House of Representatives by the Minster for Education, the Hon. Mai. Fife, M.P., on 4 June, 1981.

A total of $1,003.6m will be provided for the programs of the Schools Commission in the States and the Northern Territory in 1982. All amounts in this statement for 1982 are expressed on an outturn basis, while for the purposes of comparison those

for 1981 are expressed in the same price terms. As grants for non-government schools and part-time ethnic schools are made on a per capita basis, the final level of grants will be varied in accordance with the actual levels of enrolments in these schools. The Schools Commission is asked to prepare recommenda­ tions on the distribution of these funds in accordance with these guidelines.

GENERAL RESOURCES PROGRAMS

Government Schools

The level of the general recurrent program will be maintained at $269.2m while the capital program will be reduced by $6.3m to $124.7m. This reduction reflects the continuing overall decline in government school enrolments projected for 1982. Within these substantial amounts for general resources in

government schools, the Commonwealth has decided to earmark some funds to pursue two policy objectives: greater emphasis by schools on meeting the needs of young people who are especially disadvantaged by lack of skills and who leave school prematurely; and the need to achieve maximum involvement from parents and local school communities in planning and providing educational opportunities for young people.

Accordingly, up to $27m is to be earmarked from the general recurrent grants for programs to assist students effectively to make the transition from school to work. The Government seeks the co-operation of the States in developing programs which concentrate on the broad range of needs of these students.

Within that earmarked sum, provision will be made for cash grants to secondary school boards or committees at the rate of $10 per student with a minimum cash grant of $500 per school. These cash grants are designed to provide school communities with discretionary funds and a degree of autonomy to develop transition programs. Such programs should be especially adapted

to needs in local communities.

34

The Commission, which has recommended that general cash grants be made available for government schools, is asked to hold discussions with the States and with parent and teacher groups to develop procedures for the implementation of these transition

cash grants in 1982. If a State increases transition expendi­ ture from its own resources, including the provision of cash grants to schools, an equivalent amount from within the Common­ wealth's earmarked grant will be made available for general

recurrent purposes at the discretion of the State.

Furthermore, the Commonwealth requests the Commission to earmark 15 per cent ($18.7m) of government school capital grants as a specific element for the provision of equipment and facilities for transition education in secondary schools. The types of capital expenditure to be approved under this provision are to be the subject of consultation between the Commission and the States. It is the Government's intention that as a result of

this provision, schools should make significant progress towards adapting their facilities to the changing curriculum needs of students preparing for the transition from school to work. The needs of students in schools whose facilities and

equipment are old or outdated, or which are primarily oriented towards academic courses, should benefit especially from these funds.

In making its recommendations on the distribution of general resources funds, the Commission should note that the Government has decided to discontinue the present arrangement which permits States to seek transfers of amounts between general recurrent

and capital allocations. These amounts have been determined by the Commonwealth in the light of its assessment of needs and priorities for those programs and should not therefore be

redistributed on any other basis.

Non-government Schools

The Government will meet its election commitments to maintain the percentage link between its general recurrent grants and average government schools standard costs and to compress the existing six subsidy levels to three. The latter will be

achieved by combining the existing Levels 1-3 to a new Group 1, Levels 4-5 to a new Group 2 and Level 6 to become the new Group 3. The 1982 per capita rates for the new Group 1, 2 and 3 schools will be 20, 30 and 38 per cent respectively of average

government school standard costs. Per capita subsidies for Group 3 schools will be raised to 40 per cent of average government schools costs in 1983.

The Government asks the Commission to implement a number of changes to the procedures for assessing non-government schools' subsidy categories from the beginning of 1982, as recommended in the Commission's Report, on the following bases:

First, the initial classification of non-government schools subsidies will be as follows:

35

Group 1: Schools whose expenditure from private sources is equal to or above 51 per cent of government schools standard costs.

Group 2: Schools whose expenditure from private sources lies in the range of 31-50 per cent of government schools standard costs.

Group 3: Schools whose expenditure from private sources is 30 per cent or less of government schools standard costs.

Second, the Government recognises that some non-systemic non­ government schools would be reclassified to a lower subsidy level as a result of the above changes. The Minister, on the advice of the Schools Commission and its State Planning and Finance Committees, will permit those schools to remain at a higher subsidy level for up to two years until they adapt their resources to the new arrangements. The Government will review any cases where this is not achievable within two years.

Third, the Commission, through its State Planning and Finance Committees, is to give consideration to school income as well as expenditure in the assessment of subsidy levels. However, this assessment will continue to be based primarily on

recurrent expenditure. Principles to be developed for including disposable income in the assessment procedure will be approved by the Minister following consultation by the Commission with

non-government school authorities. Any subsequent changes in schools' subsidy levels will continue to be subject to Ministerial approval following advice from the Commission.

Fourth, the provisions for new non-systemic schools will be varied so that they receive supplementary establishment grants for the first four years, over and above the general recurrent subsidy. The respective rate for each year will be 10 per cent, 7.5 per cent, 5 per cent and 2.5 per cent of government schools standard costs.

The Government is also anxious to ensure that non-government schools continue to adapt their facilities to the special transition needs of students who are in secondary schools. The Commission is asked to give particular consideration to transition needs in developing the capital program for non­ government schools. In addition, the Government expects that non-government schools will continue to give special attention to the allocation of their recurrent resources to help meet the needs of transition students. The Commission is asked to monitor closely progress in this direction, through its State Planning and Finance Committees.

For non-government special schools, the Government has accepted the Commission's recommendation that basic per capita grants at the rate of 20 per cent of government primary schools standard costs be provided. This arrangement will mean that special

36

schools in both the government and non-government sectors will receive basic per capita Commonwealth funds in addition to grants from the special education programs.

The Government's allocation to the capital program includes its election commitment to provide an additional $25m over the three years 1981-83 to assist non-government schools with the provision of new places; $8m will be allocated for this purpose

in 1982.

Special Purpose Programs

In addition to the reallocation of resources within the general purpose programs, the Government has decided to redirect its effort between and within a number of special purpose programs in the light of Commission advice and the Government's own priorities.

An additional $6.6m has been allocated for the migrant education program. As proposed by the Commission, the program will be retitled 'English as a Second Language'. It will also incor­ porate an element for the former contingency program for refugee

children which has been transferred from the Department of Education. This latter element will be redesignated as being for new arrivals and will be widened to provide intensive English language instruction for non-refugees. In view of the signifi­

cant restructuring of these programs, the Commission should review arrangements, in consultation with State and non­ government school authorities, at the first opportunity.

The Commonwealth's programs for the handicapped will also be restructured in 1982. The joint program for integration of handicapped children into regular schools will be more closely related to the special education programs for government and non-government schools by incorporating the former as an element of these programs. Again, the Commission should enter into early negotiations with State and non-government school

authorities to ensure that the restructuring can be effected without disruption.

As proposed by the Commission, the former disadvantaged country areas program will be increased by $1.5m in 1982 and retitled as the 'Country Areas Program' to reflect the approved new criteria for allocation of funds in terms of relative isolation

and size of settlements.

In the context of the policies underlying the Review of Common­ wealth Functions, the Government is not prepared at this time to consider commencing any further programs. While the proposed school improvement program will not be implemented and the

school level innovations program will be discontinued, the joint program for professional development will be retained at its existing level of funding. In so doing, the Government has

had regard to the proposals of the Schools Commission and the National Inquiry into Teacher Education.

37

An amount of $1.4m will be allocated to the Special Projects Program in 1982 for projects of national significance. The Commission is asked to advise on the proposed distribution of these funds among particular projects and to consider its proposed initiatives for gifted children and for students and the community within the total available level of funds.

The Government will also continue in 1982 the programs for severely handicapped children and for part-time ethnic schools commenced in 1981 as part of its election commitments.

The Government has accepted the Commission's advice that schools in the Australian Capital Territory be eligible to participate in an extended range of programs for disadvantaged schools, special education and professional development and will consider the extent of funding in the 1981/82 Budget.

All Programs

The table which follows sets out the funds which will be provided for individual programs for 1982, compared with the funds for 1981 in the same price terms. The Government has decided that from 1982 the cost adjustment will be made on a prospective basis. As has been the case for previous retro­ spective adjustments, the prospective allowance will take account of cost increases in all programs up to the beginning of the program year; during the program year the allowance will be in respect of estimated increases in the wages and

salaries components of recurrent grants. In adopting this new arrangement, the Government has taken a more rigorous approach toward cost adjustment which in the past has provided additional funds automatically and has had a tendency to insulate educa­ tional institutions from the effects of inflation and from the need to contain excessive wage claims.

The Commission is asked to report on the detailed distribution of the 1982 allocations by 31 August 1981 to permit time for consideration of its recommendations and passage of the necessary legislation during the Budget sittings of the Parliament.

38

SCHOOLS COMMISSION PROGRAMS

($’000)*

1981 1982

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS

General Recurrent 269,174 269,174

English as a Second Language (including New Arrivals) 38,467 42,848

Disadvantaged Schools 25,628 25,348

Special Education (including Integration) 17,768 17,768

Capital Grants 131,086 124,749

Total 482,123 479,887

NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS

General Recurrent 371,907 414,102

Emergency Assistance 796 796

English as a Second Language (including New Arrivals) 13,892 16,074

Disadvantaged Schools 3,971 4,251

Special Education (including Integration) 4,752 4,752

Capital Grants 45,688 44,856

Total 441,006 484,831

JOINT PROGRAMS

Multicultural Education General Support 4,031 4,109

Ethnic Schools 3,262 3,000

Country Areas 6,928 8,451

Special Education Children in Institutions 1,892 1,892

Severely Handicapped 2,472 2,472

Professional Development Professional Development and Replacement 15,562 15,562

Education Centres 1,977 1,977

Special Projects Innovations 2,916 ~

Projects of National Significance 1,403 1,403

Total 40,443 38,866

ALL PROGRAMS 963,572 1,003,584

* Amounts for 1982 are on an outturn basis; those for 1981 are expressed in the same price terms.

39

Some Policy Issues Raised by the Education Commissions’ Reports

SCHOOLS

In regard to the Schools Commission's proposal to participate in a review of youth training and support programs, the Government has agreed that the Commission will participate in the administration of Commonwealth transition programs and will provide advice to the Government on appropriate policy

developments.

The Government has decided not to accept the Commission's recommendation that the funding levels for government and non­ government schools' general recurrent grants be linked to the fixed standard cost of a revised basket of educational services. To do so would be contrary to Government policy and, in the case of non-government schools, would be an abrogation of its election commitments. The Government is not able to agree to

the proposed 'aggregation' of systemic non-government schools' subsidy level entitlements. It is the Government's view that such an approach would reduce the flexibility of non-government school systems in making provision for those schools most in need; the existing 'averaging' approach to entitlements will therefore continue.

The Government is unable to accept the recommendation that the level of capital grants for government schools be determined, and maintained, on a triennial basis.

The Government endorses the proposals that the notional funds for the disadvantaged schools element of the government and non-government schools' capital programs be based on the

proposed updated index of disadvantage and that these funds be applicable to minor refurbishing and upgrading projects as well as other works.

The Government does not wish to impose further restrictions on the States and non-government school authorities and is there­ fore unable to agree to the proposal that notional library

development funds be directed only towards the provision of book and non-book materials, library equipment and library furniture.

The recommendation that non-government capital grants be available to enable new non-government schools to lease facilities over a period of up to three years is endorsed, while a decision on the proposed use of these grants for

40

assistance to privately run student hostels is deferred for further consultation. The Government accepts the Commission's advice that provision be included in the legislation for the Minister to reallocate the grants specified for new enrolments

in non-government schools should that prove desirable.

The Government has endorsed a number of other policy recom­ mendations put forward by the Commission in relation to special purpose programs. These include:

. that funds for special education be available to engage professional services other than those of teachers, when appropriate;

. that the allocation of funds for the recurrent elements of the government and non-government disadvantaged schools programs be based on a revised index of disadvantage;

. that 20 per cent of the funds for the Professional Development Program be allocated in accordance with an index reflecting the geographical dispersion of teachers in each State and Territory.

41

Modifications to Program Administration of the Schools Commission

The following modifications to the administrative arrangements for various Schools Commission programs are in response to the Review of Commonwealth Functions. These measures are designed to improve administrative efficiency and reduce unnecessary entanglement in the operation of State and non-government schools.

The Commonwealth, with the assistance of the Commission, will define the aims of programs and set out indicative rather than prescriptive guidelines on the activities which might be supported. Educational and financial accountability statements will then be provided by State and non-government school

authorities to indicate the level and purposes and, if possible, the effects of expenditure of Commonwealth funds. The Commissior will have regard to these accountability statements in drawing up its triennial reports. The Commission is asked to consult with State and non-government authorities in the development of educational and financial accountability arrangements. The

revised arrangements will be settled between the Minister and State Ministers and authorities representing non-government schools.

1. Severely Handicapped Children

(i) The Commission (subject to Ministerial endorsement) to issue detailed statements on the aims of the program and a suggested range of activities which might be undertaken.

(ii) State and non-government authorities to proceed to implement programs as they see fit according to local needs and circumstances.

(iii) States to provide assurances to the Commonwealth that oversight committees are constituted in accordance with the joint nature of the program.

(iv) State and non-government authorities to provide detailed educational and financial accountability statements to the Commission at the end of each year of the program's operation. Format of accountability statements to be decided following consultation between the Commission and the States.

42

2. Integration of Handicapped Children into Regular Schools

(i) Withdraw prescriptive guidelines for this program.

(ii) The Commission (subject to Ministerial endorsement) to issue a detailed statement on the aims of the program and a suggested range of activities which might be undertaken.

(iii) State and non-government authorities to proceed to implement programs as they see fit according to local needs and circumstances.

(iv) State and non-government authorities to provide detailed educational and financial accountability statements to the Commission at the end of each year of the program's operation. Format of

accountability statements to be decided following consultation.

3. Special Education Program

(i) Removal of requirement for State Ministers to notify Commonwealth Minister of deletions and additions to lists of special schools. Consideration (following discussions with States) to be given to elimination of lists completely.

(ii) Investigation of possibility of non-government school program being administered by Committees representative of non-government schools (perhaps as sub-committees of State Planning and Finance Committees).

4. Multicultural Education Program

(i) Abolish regular national meetings of State co­ ordinators. Meetings to be called on an ad hoc basis when necessary.

(ii) Abolish production of separate reports on the program. All such reporting to be encompassed within the Commission's regular triennial reports.

5. New Arrivals Program

(i) Detailed guidelines for the new arrivals program, including refugees, to be presented as indicative rather than prescriptive. No requirement for States or non-government schools to adhere to precise parameters.

(ii) State and non-government school authorities, in first year of program, to be asked to provide the Commission with broad outlines of implementation

43

proposals, including the extension of the funds to groups previously not covered and indication of how the proposals dovetail with the general ESL program.

(ill) Educational and financial accountability arrange­ ments to be established following consultation.

(iv) Funds to be allocated to States by Commonwealth on a per capita rather than detailed request basis.

6. Services and Professional Development Program

(i) Eliminate requirement that between 40 and 60 per cent of funds be spent on the replacement and remuneration cost of teachers attending courses of 10 days or more duration. No prescriptive guidelines to be issued for this program, Commission to issue broad statement of aims and suggested range of activities. Implementation

(including involvement of tertiary institutions) a matter for State authorities.

(ii) Abolish National Advisory Group (which meets 2-3 times per year). Where necessary functions can be met by calling together on an ad hoc basis State co-ordinators of the program.

( iii ) States to provide assurance that oversight committees are constituted in accordance with joint nature of the program.

(iv) Educational and financial accountability state­ ments to be provided by annual reviews to be eliminated. Reviews to be confined to Commission triennial reports.

7. Disadvantaged Schools Program

(i) Retain the current Commonwealth determination of the numbers of students in the program and the school as the unit of funding. States to continue to provide Commonwealth Minister with annual list of declared disadvantagdd schools.

(ii) Remove current administrative guidelines on the rate of turnover of schools on the list and the requirement that each school remain on the list for three years. Such matters to be left to discretion of States on advice from oversight committees.

44

(iii) Eliminate annual reviews of the program. Reviews to be confined to triennial reports of the Commission.

(iv) Eliminate regular meetings of State co-ordinators of program. Meetings to be called on an ad hoc basis as necessary.

( V ) Commonwealth Minister to continue to declare

disadvantaged non-government schools.

(Vi) Maintain other main features of the program, including parent/community participation require­ ments. States and non-government authorities to provide assurances to Commonwealth Minister

regarding parent, teacher and community repre­ sentation on oversight committees.

8. Country Areas Program

(i) Eliminate present requirement that regions be ' turned over ' on a regular basis. Such matters to be left to State authorities.

(ii) Delete present rule that States receive Common­ wealth approval to add to or delete from list of declared regions. This is to be at State discretion. State Ministers to declare regions.

(iii) Delete the requirement that the funds be confined to a restricted number of regions in each State. If States wish, all country regions may participate.

(iv) States to provide assurances to the Commonwealth that oversight committees are constituted in accordance with the joint and community nature of the program and that funded activities have parent

and teacher support.

9. Innovations Program

Grants for school level innovations projects will be terminated at the end of 1981, although it will take perhaps two years beyond that to complete accountability and reporting requirements. The activities of the

consultants and the national and State committees involved in the administration of the program will be wound up this year.

10. Program Consolidation

Some consolidation will take place within the general framework of Commission programs. The New Arrivals Program will become an element of the English as a

45

Second Language Program, rather than operating as a separate joint entity. The program which supports integration of handicapped children in regular schools will become an element of the Special Education Program. This should ensure a more coherent relationship between

funding arrangements and policy development in these areas.

46