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Speech by the Prime Minister on his visit to Europe



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\ SPEECH BY THE PRIME MINISTER, •THE HOil E. G, WHITLAM, Q.C., il.'P,,·

OH HIS VISIT TC EUROPE. ·

.4 JHOUSE ’.OF. REPRESENTATIVES, 11 FEBRUARY 1975 , V ‘ - ■ - ' ■ . ‘ - Λ · 1

s * · . · ’ .. ’ · · · . ( * , '

' I -WISH TO REPORT TO THE HOUSE AND TO THE AUSTRALIAN

PEOPLE ON MY RECENT MISSION ABROAD, IT WAS, I B E LIE V E , THE

'MOST ARDUOUS AND COMPREHENSIVE OVERSEAS V IS IT EVER UNDERTAKEN

b y Jan Au s t r a l ia n Pr im e Mi n i s t e r . . I t was a l s o among t h e m o st

NECESSARY AND PRODUCTIVE: FROM AU STR ALIA'S POINT· OF VIEW IT ' . , , . . .

WAS LONG OVERDUE; IN EACH OF THE COUNTRIES I V IS IT E D IT WAS

WELCOMED WITHOUT RESERVATION. I T ENABLED ME TO PUT A··'1-··,

Au s t r a l i a ' s v ie w s , to h e a r t h e v ie w s of oijr f r ie n d s a n d

• ■ ? v "

TRADING PARTNERS AND TO STRENGTHEN OUR GOODWILL IN REGIONS

OF UNDOUBTED IMPORTANCE TO US'. I COUNT IT AN UNQUALIFIED

SUCCESS. ··/' ■ ·: : < /

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Betw een 1A De c e m b e r a n d 21 J a n u a r y I v i s i t s d Sr i La n k a ,·

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Be l g iu m , t h e h e a d q u a r t e r s of t h e Eu r o p e a n Co m m u n it ie s , i n Br u s s e ls

Br i t a i n , I r e l a n d , Gr e e c e , t h e Ne t h e r l a n d s , Fr a n c e , I t a l y , : -': f o

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Yu g o s l a v ia , t h e So v ie t Un i o n , t h e F e d e r a l Re p u b l ic of Ge r m a n y , ?·]

Pa k is t a n a n d Ba n g l a d e s h . I h a d in t e n d e d a l s o t o v i s i t Ma l t a , . 3

· , · .·»

BUT BECAUSE OF MY RETURN TO AUSTRALIA AFTER THE DISASTER IN . *'

Da r w in ,_THE Sp e c i a l Mi n i s t e r o f St a t e , Mr Bo w e n, who " ' - . 4 :

ACCOMPANIED ME THROUGHOUT M Y .M IS S IO N , V IS IT E D FlALTA IN MY STEAD.

Mr Bowen and I were a c c o m p a n ie d by a team of s e n io r o f f i c i a l s ,

INCLUDING THE SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINERALS AND .

En e r g y, t h e Sec r e ta r y of the Departm ent of Ov e r s e a s Tr a d e,

the De p u ty Sec r e ta r y of my own Department/ . and for part- \. ■

OF OUR V IS IT , A FlRST ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF .THE TREASURY " '

and t h e. Sec r etary- o f. the At t o r n e y-Ge n e r a l' s De p a r t m e n t ·. ■ - - - λ - ■ ·**■’ ■ - · ” ’ i, - - " ·

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FROM-THE-'NUMBER AND RANGE OF" THE COUNTRIES VISITED-AND-: FROM > H E “ NUMBER' ANETSEN I OR I TY ' OF THEfOFF IC IA L S 1 " '·*

ACCOMPANIED ME, HOW HIGHLY 1 RATED THE IMPORTANCE .'OF ΤΗ I S" ■ - " : ‘

MISSION "AND THE TASKS·'I UNDERTOOK ON AUSTRALIA' S “ BEHALF. ' .· " -No A u s t r a l ia n Pr im e Mi n i s t e r . had v i s i t e d t h e So v ie t Un io n

IN THE 33 YEARS SINCE DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WERE ESTABLISHED ■ ' " , - w . ‘

BETWEEN THE SOVIET UNION AND AUSTRALIA. MANY OF THE .

OTHER COUNTRIES I V IS IT E D HAD NOT PREVIOUSLY BEEN V IS IT E D .

b y an A u s t r a l ia n Pr im e Mi n i s t e r .; Y e t t h e n a t io n s of

t h e ..Eu r o p e a n Ec o n o m ic .Co m m u n it y c o n s t it u t e A u s t r a l i a ' s ' _ :

SECOND LARGEST TRADING PARTNER AFTER JAPAN. : T h E SOVIET ' ςί~ ~

Un io n ." i s one of t h e .w o r l d ' s two s u p e r p o w e r s - o n e of t h e · ·

NATIONS, WHOSE PO LIC IE S DETERMINE THE FATE OF A LL MANKIND/ “ ' / . "

More "t h a n m i l l i o n c i t i z e n s h a v e come .t o Au s t r a l i a from ·.

THE NATIONS OF CONTINENTAL EUROPE. We SHARE WITH M ANY'... , " .

' - ' ■ . . . . r

OF THE COUNTRIES I V IS IT E D ECONOMIC AND SO CIAL PROBLEMS

WHICH IT WAS CLEARLY IN OUR INTERESTS TO DISCUSS TOGETHER.

' I SAW MY MISSION AS AN ESSENTIAL PART OF MY .

DUTY AS A HEAD OF GOVERNMENT. I t HAD ALREADY BEEN

POSTPONED FOR SIX MONTHS BECAUSE OF THE ACTION OF THE

Op p o s it io n in r e f u s in g s u p p ly and fo r c in g an e l e c t io n

l a s t Ma y . I d i d not b e l i e v e i t should be postponed

a g a i n . Qu i t e a p a r t from the in c o n v e n ie n c e and d is r u p t io n

THIS WOULD HAVE CAUSED TO THE GOVERNMENTS I VISITED, THE ,

■ISSUES WE DISCUSSED WERE SO IMPORTANT, SO PRESSING, SO

CENTRAL TO AUSTRALIA'S IMMEDIATE AND LONG-TERM INTERESTS, .

THAT A FURTHER POSTPONEMENT COULD NOT BE CONTEMPLATED.

• . I STRESS THAT POINT BECAUSE, FOR SOME WEEKS, THE

Au s t r a l ia n people w it n e s s e d a p e r s is t e n t and often unscrupulous

‘ CAMPAIGN BY SECTIONS OF THE MEDIA TO DETER ME FROM MY V IS IT ,

AND WHEN I WAS NOT DETERRED, TO DISPARAGE WHAT I DID, ΪΗΕ ' '

SPECIOUS VIEW WAS PUT FORWARD THAT A PRIME MINISTER'S DUTY ‘

IS TO STAY AT HOME AT A TIME OF ECONOMIC DIFFICULTY. MiOW ,

HOWEVER SERIOUS OUR OWN PROBLEMS AND HOWEVER ACUTE MY CONCERN ’

ABOUT THEM " AND I TRUST MY CONCERN IS NOT II! QUESTION - I '

BELIEVE A PRIME MINISTER, IN THE NATURE OF HIS OFFICE, HAS A ..

SPECIAL AND AT TIMES AM OVERRIDING DUTY TO PROMOTE AUSTRALIA'S .

PLACE IN THE WORLD, THIS IS NOT TO SAY THAT OUR ECONOMIC

PROBLEMS ARE UNIMPORTANT, I AGREE THAT DOMESTIC MATTERS, .

INFLATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT, HAVE A GREATER PRIORITY IN OUR..

THINKING AND ARE MORE IMPORTANT TO THE NATION'S WELFARE THAN ;

ANY OF THE MATTERS WITH WHICH I HAD TO DEAL' OVERSEAS. ΪΗΕ

POINT IS REALLY THIS: WHILE I T ‘.WAS POSSIBLE FOR MY COLLEAGUES

TO DEAL WITH OUR DOMESTIC PROBLEMS IN MY ABSENCE, IT WAS NOT

POSSIBLE FOR ANYONE OTHER THAN THE PRIME MINISTER TO DEAL WITH

THE MATTERS THAT AROSE DURING MY MISSION. ,,

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• That i s the crux of the m a t t e r , I n a l l the

DENIGRATION OF MY V IS IT I HAVE NOT SEEN THIS POINT ACKNOWLEDGED,

LET ALONE REFUTED, ONLY A V IS IT BY A HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

enables Au s t r a l ia to put her p o in t of v ie w at the h ig h e s t

LEVEL AND IN THE MOST FORCEFUL TERMS. ONLY A V IS IT BY A

head of Government o b l ig e s the c o u n t r ie s v i s i t e d to c l a r i f y .

' AND CO-ORDINATE THEIR POLICIES TOWARDS US. ^ L Y A V IS IT .

. THAT INCLUDES ALL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES - OR AT.LEAST THE

MAJORITY OF THOSE OF IMPORTANCE TO US " CAN GENERATE A ·

CUMULATIVE IMPACT AND PROMOTE AUSTRALIA'S ADVANTAGE ON

THE WIDEST SCALE. ' ■

Cur economic p r o b le m s, far from b e in g ir r e l e v a n t '

TO THE MATTERS DISCUSSED ON MY TR IP, IN FACT BORE CLOSELY

UPON THEM. One of the themes of my MISSION WAS THE

ESSENTIAL AND GROWING INTERDEPENDENCE OF NATIONS IN DEALING

WITH THEIR ECONOMIC PROBLEMS. I t WOULD HAVE BEEN CURIOUS

, INDEED IF I HAD GIVEN THE IMPRESSION TO OUR FRIENDS AND

TRADING PARTNERS, BY CANCELLING OR AGAIN POSTPONING MY T R I P .,'· '

th at Au s t r a l ia i s the only country whose problems can be

ISOLATED FROM THE REST OF THE WORLD, THE WHOLE POINT OF MY

MISSION, THE POINT PERSISTENTLY IGNORED BY THE CRITICS, VlAS

t h a t Au s t r a l ia cannot is o l a t e h e r s e l f . Our i n f l a t i o n and

UNEMPLOYMENT ARE TO A LARGE EXTENT LINKED WITH THE PRESENT

ECONOMIC RECESSION IN THE UNITED STATES AND MUCH OF WESTERN

Eu r o pe. I l e f t Europe w it h the f e e l in g th at d e s p i t e our

TEMPORARY DIFFICULTIES, AUSTRALIA'S ECONOMY IS HEALTHIER

AND BASICALLY SOUNDER THAN THOSE OF MOST OF THE COUNTRIES I VISITED

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THE WESTERN MONETARY SYSTEM AND THE WESTERN ECONOMY IS ,. ALONG: ; i - . . > .. t , _ _• * * ’ ■ · * ' *■' * ' . η ’ » 'U r . ■ M* ί· * . ,‘Jjjj r ' . ·' ■ ■ : , , WITH THE- MAINTENANCE OF PEACE, THE GREATEST A N D ^ M O S T ^ i m E D I A T E ‘ V

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' PROBLEM OF 1 9 7 5 . . IN ; MEETING THAT PROBLEM, A U S T R A L IA ,.L IK E

'·'*:· EVERY ■ OTHER ‘ADVANCED ^ INDUST AL IS ED · NAT I ON y HAS'A-PART TO 'P LA Y .

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' Br u s s e l s for a ' s t a y · of four d a y s , d u r in g w h ic h J was r e c e iv e d

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. b y t h e ir Ma j e s t ie s t h e - K in g a n d Qu e e n of Be l g iu m a n d had .

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DISCUSSIONS WITH PRIME MINISTER TlNDEMANS. . I HAD TALKS IN ■ · - -.·'··â–  ■ ■ ' · . - . .

Br u s s e l s w it h t h e Pr e s id e n t o f t h e 'C o m m is s io n of t h e Eu r o p e a n .

,, Co m m u n it ie s , Π. Or t o l i> a n d - w it h t h e V i c e - P r e s id e n t , S ir

Ch r is t o p h e r So a m e s .' I a d d r e s s e d t h e I n t e r n a t io n a l - P ress • ■ „ - ■ : -. ■ - ■ · - . "·-" - · · ' ’ ci· -; - . : ■ ’ ·’ -

Ce n t r e t h e r e on 18 De c e m b e r . ( I s h a l l l a t e r s e e k l e a v e to .

TABLE THE TEXTS OF THIS AND OTHER SPEECHES' MADE DURING MY. "

TR IP AND1 THE TEXTS OF CULTURAL AND OTHER AGREEMENTS THAT· I 'L

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On 19 De c e m b e r I fle w to London for a f i v e - day v i s i t ,

WHICH INCLUDED AN AUDIENCE WITH HER MaJESTYTHE OUEEN OF . .. ..

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On 23 De c e m b e r 1 p a id a sho rt v i s i t to t h e I r is h ;

Re p u b l ic for t a l k s w it h .t h e .Ta o is e a c h ,^./hr C osG RAVE,iAND .: ·: ' x . ■···· ' ' ' ·Î½· . · . X . . X X Χ ν Χ , ·.''··â– / ·"

OTHER SENIOR M IN ISTERS. I WAS ALSO RECEIVED BY P R E S ID E N T ;;-

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t a l k s on 3 J a n u a r y w it h t h e r e c e n t l y e l e c t e d Pr im e -M i n i s t e r ; : ^

M r Ka r a m a n l is . " T he same e v e n in g I flew t o :T he Ha g u e for a · χ .

two- d a y v i s i t . Th e r e Γ was r e c e iv e d b y Her Ma j e s t y t h e ' f-

Queen of t h e Ne t h e r l a n d s -’'a n d -had t a l k s w it h Pr im e Mi n i s t e r

Den Uy l a n d o th e r s e n io r Mi n i s t e r s .

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F rench Mi n i s t e r s . I n Pa r i s I a t t e n d e d a g ro und- b r e a k in g

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CEREMONY AT THE S IT E OF .THE NEW AUSTRALIAN- EMBASSY BUILDING

AND A C IV IC RECEPTION IN THE HOTEL DE V lL L E . I". HAD TALKS - x

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w it h t h e S e c r e t a r y -G e n e r a l o f" t h e Or g a n is a t io n for Ec o n o m ic

Co- o p e r a t io n and De v e l o p m e n t , w hose h e a d q u a r t e r s a r e in Pa r i s .

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^ d. s; From Pa r i s 1- I * trAv e l l e d fro Ro m e/ - where I had " ΧνΒ^^ίι -'XV- "

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DISCUSSIONS .WITH PRESIDENT LEONE AND P R IM E -M IN IS T E R MORO; . ,- : -

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v i s i t to Pa k is t a n on 19 J a n u a r y fo r’ t a l k s , w it h Pr im e

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:·â–  : ‘ · ■ y .=.-·. ·Î½ > ·. , x.y/:··. /- y λ ·.. ··?." ·Î½.·^ ' ,y·,: .·*· ·£;;-'«·

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y ·*'■-.· vf ;r- '■

■*-■· . / r y . y y - y - ■■A - - v ··?·

• -Λ ' Μ τ · BECAME" APPARENT A S -m y ’ V IS IT T0,-.fHE.;SEVEN' E .E iC v ; 4 W ·.·--··' · λ Α'·..,ν·. .·;> a ,· , - ; · ; · · Ψ-: ·Î± ; Κ · ; · < ; . .

: COUNTRIES -PROGRESSED: THAT- VfESTERNKEUROPE;S/DEMAND^FOR ;URAN I U M B f e v A - , - A y-Λ ; A -’W f Λ Α , ^ ,;,A

IN .T H E LATE 7 0 S AND". THE; 8 0 s , W IL L - BEjVERY .SUBSTAMT I A LY ^O U R Λ V . . w ■ ■'· · . ■ ; ■ ■ " · t . ' ’ -r * 5 · . . , . !· ’; ■. . ' · ■ ’ ■ ··.■ :■ -/ r :**?-’ ; ·

ROLE AS A POTENTIAL MAJOR SUPPLIER OF-URANIUM; MEANS Τ Η Λ ^ Λ ^ Λ ^ ^ · ;

Au s t r a l i a ' s im p o r t a n c e to t h e s e c o u n t r ie s w i l l in c r e a s e , v a £ Λ Λ ; κΛ

• . · · . . ·- . . · - . · Λ · - Α ν . Λ . ; .·

-χ

· ? .·

• Λ ν'ΛΛ'/γΛ·: ·

I n Br u s s e l s , Lo n d o n , Th e" Ha g u e , Pa r i s , Rome a n d Bo n n , ? ; - /

as w e l l as i n Hoscow,' I'-'c o n s is t e n t l y · a s s e r t e d · Au s t r a l ia ' s w is h

•y*,

.V

To d e v e l o p i t s own e n r ic h m e n t ' c a p a b i l i t y so t h a t as much u r a n iu m

a s p o s s ib l e s h o u l d b e e x p o r t e d i n . an e n r ic h e d f o r m . T her e a r e "

IMPORTANT POLICY .ISSUES TO BE RESOLVED; SUCH, AS .THE CHOICE OF - i :

ENRICHMENT TECHNOLOGY,ΛΤΗΕ’ CAPITAL INVESTMENT REQUIRED^ AND.THE '

EXTENT TO WHICH'WE MAY BE PREPARED TO S E L L uNENRICHED URANIUM r -. ’ · . * ' 1 ' ' , ; ■ ' ' V -1 7 iA'-- *. ‘· ’ Λ . i'h

BOTH BEFORE AND AFTER WE1 HAVE OUR OWN ENRICHMENT.' C A P A B ILIT Y . .V . ■ · - - . - ,*

**· * “ · . . * , * · , ·. . * ' ‘ * ·'

I AM CONVINCED THAT MY V IS I T , AND THE FACT THAT-JHE HEAD OF THE

De p a r t m e n t o f Min e r a l s an d En e r g y / S i r Lenox He w it t , a c c o m p a n ie d

■ ,·â– â– *- * - ‘ ■ Λ* 1 ■ ' - * Λ

ME, HAS GREATLY FACILITATED THE GOVERNMENT'S CONSIDERATION OF ' ' w ■

THE TOTAL URANIUM SUPPLY1 AND DEMAND· SITUATION OVER THE NEXT

DECADE. - -X *

c

; »; 1 ·

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j ;.i ; The O b v i o u s ; in t e r e s t shown^ th r o u g h o u t, Eu r o p e^ ^ v .v * r g .

ν'

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_______ ________ ______ ________ _____ _ w . v r · ^ ; · · . ^

" v

ie Λ Cl ID DI T CD ftC I ID A M tllM Cl irC C C T C T U A T -I.IC-Γ .;*1 ' ■’ · " '

·?·Î¯ J··;. ........................... ................. _

'· ' i n Au s t r a l ia a s ' A s u p p L L efV of Ur a n iu m su g g esW ^ haT - v e P - ^ ..

T; <. ί'·< - - ->■ · r·^ .·.*.;% · 'J 4 y ' " - - ‘· · ■ ‘ '

ON BEEF. I · LEFT HEADS OF.GOVERNMENT,TN NO DOUBT.f ABOUT # .F '· :, ' ·.· . ... ' ■■ . ·â–  ·.. ; · : v V :'. , '·Î½'Α ·.^ .ί:::;ν ··; " i'tV

OUR ATTITUDE.TO THE COMMUNITY'S ACTION :.IN .IMPOSING ; ......

: · - · · '· - :··'·â–  · : ; ■ . ·-·-· Γ T v γ ' Ά . ν ^ ' ϊ

•X / RESTRICTIONS .’WITHOUT WARNING‘ OR CONSULTATION.*,' I . POINTED ' ~ - T v - T v y

■ k k y

• >« . V T '

t u ·' , t ' · ' " V :;··;■

.. ... ........ , ... \ y r $ > y j· ·

·;·» · . ·· · - · ■ .··· ■» · .· · - · ■■ · ·· ■· .· ■ ' K : .·: ..· - Ά · < ·· · v · · · · . -

OUT THE DISRUPTIVE AND HARMFUL NATURE OF Τ Η IS ACTIONV Λ ^

[ % · . ■ j * · - r t ■·. ■· ·â–  - ·"· ’ - ' h ^ ' ^ : ' χ ¥ ’

; ‘ to t h e Au s t r a l ia n m e a t in d u s t r y and urged on -Eu r o p e a n r. ■ : b

v ' ·: ·.' . -;·· - . · :*!-·. .· · ·. -v -it ·..··;' . . · ' · \Λ·' :· . > :: : " ,

·â– ·'"'■ LEADERS. .THE -NEED FOR 'STABLE LONG-TERM MARKETING-ARRANGEMENTSr-.t : ·â–  · , . ' t · ,·"· ‘.v: s ·*

^ · . .. r v V ; ' . , v. -■·- , *kt ^ v ■

' T he r e s p o n s e 1 of i n d i v i d u a l 1 Go v e r n m e n ts w a s/ - in t h e m a i n , .

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, . y

« , · . . * *, .· V* . ^ . , ·' " " <■ _ . ·.· 1 h , / · ' . ’■ * . *· m V ’ *

APOLOGETIC AND SYMPATHETIC,; I - BEL I EVE/THAT - MY V IS IT HAS ^

....... : < > ·â–  ■ ··

;.V ; MADE ’τ τ . MORE / L i Κ Ε ΙΎ :;Τ Η Α ή Τ Η E^CoMMUN il ^ M A R K E T : W IL L

■ ' O C - Π Ρ Ρ Μ Ρ Π m f l l l Q T D A I Τ Λ Μ D C C C i t · Μ Π Τ I A t " C D T U T C i V C A D · . *■' -X i: Χί

RE-OPENED TO AUSTRALIAN BEEF/· IF · NOT LATER THIS O BAR> r r

; .THEN BY ΜID -1 9 7 6 . r 1^ WASK INFORMED ‘Τ Η /νΓ ΪΗ Ε ζΤ Ο Τ Α Ι^ MARKET ' i ' .'·;:··

c o u ld r e t u r n to a b o u t 4 0 0 ; 0 0 0 . t o .,5 0 0 ,0 0 0 '.to n s b y _ m i ' M 9 7 6 * ·â– 

.··> ' · . ' ' · . , · V". ·, ··â– '.!.. . · r - ···.. · ' · : : ·' · , f,: V - · } ; ' .;·; / z ' ;

♦rvv-V

/ : '· . ·' - L - · r.,;···. · ' · . ·'' . -I· · . i· ·. · ·" ; - ; ; ■ . ' ψ ' . · ί ; Ν · % ' * V ; .

• ■ "T h i s t o t a l m a r k e t , of l w h ic h · we would h a v e a " s h a r e , ■ : would ^ '

· . > >·, ..■£*.·. ■ · , · ; { ■ v - . · ·. ' · · · . · -

■ ____·,;____......................................................... _·_____________: : . · . .___ . ·Ï‡Î½·; ;; · ·

MEAN THAT WE WOULD B E ;S T IL L ,S E L L IN G LESS BEEF THAN WE .- ■ ■ , ’ r y^'V ' y · - / • • ' ‘. V ^ . ’ ' Γ , %-5': :~ F : \

DID BEFORE THE MARKET WAS CLOSED, B U T fIT -.IS AN IMPROVEMENT. ' . _ : . . i . · - ' · · ' ; . - · · ; - · · ·'"

; I ALSO BELIEVE THAT THE STRONG STAND WHICH I TOOK ON THIS : ; :

i ; ' : V V > '

. # ' , r

& ■ :·.·' . :

, A r · · - v

MATTER AND THE INTERESTO F-THE EUROPEAN COUNTRIES IN . - 'v;

f Au s t r a l ia n u r a n iu m w i l l : m a k e ί τ ' much l e s s l i k e l y ,-t h a t

• ·/ . ·.. . · ·: ,· , . ■ r··

SUCH RESTRICTIVE’ ACTIONS W ILL BE TAKEN.AGAINSJ AUSTRALIAN

" = · . j ■

COMMODITIES AGAIN.- - · ' ·

>·' ■ * . ■

. . ·.·â– ·< . T»·

. · ' S ·.·.·" .. *· -3

V X ' -Hr'-i ··

; - · ; : ^,ν % Λ · . . " f : -, ■ -?· · . :

·- '· \3- . ( .· .

-· ;

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: 4

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-10-

ENERGY

r . . ■ : T ' ' · ; .... ’ -■ ■ ' - X · λ ;.:·

;· ' ’· ; IN A ' NUMBER0F: COUNTRIES I DISCUSSED INiSOME

V DEPTH THE ENERGY C RIS IS .A N D -TH E MIDDLE EAST. I ASSURED t .

- . . * . .. · -. V · · ;·â–  ··.' · .· -/■ ·Î½

Eu r o p e a n le a d e r s -t h a t .‘w h il e we a g r e e d ;.t h a t an in c r e a s e ’ .i n ' : ^ , ’ : \ v;*‘ 4: *■ , -V *;»;

■ M THE PRICE OF 0 1 L WAS J U ST I F I ED WE^ D I DXjNOt' W ί SH ^TCr S E :

rV A CONFRONTATION DEVELOP BETWEEN CARTELS OF PRODUCERS

. AND*’ CONSUMERS J I {ASSERTEDSTRONGLY OUR ! ATT I TUDEIt H A T ^

WHILE PRODUCERS HAVE .EVERY RIGHT* TO NEGOTIATE WITH '

'■··'< " v r X :’ϊ -.S-xii:;·: 5 V '

•

· . · . : · · . : v ·

> ;

t " · ·<ι

UR";

CONSUMERS FOR FAIR PRICES FOR THEIR RESOURCES, WE W IL L -{ l * ■ - - ■ · ' ·â–  ' ··;· ■' :'·

ALSO WORK TO HARMONISE'THE' INTERESTS OF. PRODUCERS AND ! . ' _ '*· . · ; :· - .·.·'

■ l- . .

r·: '·· : · ;

CONSUMERS WITH PROPER CONCERN FOR THE INTERNATIONAL "< r :x·'·" ·.· v ■

SITUATION AS A WHOLE.: .

THE MIDDLE EAST

A ■ - .■ ,.··

V:..

v

' ·, - ;■ -

: . ·. .

...... ’ ; '

■ v y- 1; :

-'·â–  X

; ' I n my d is c u s s io n s on t h e Mid d l e Ea s t I a s s e r t e d

THE RIGHT OF ALL COUNTRIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST,-. ^INCLUDING

I s r a e l , to s e c u r e -; and r e c o g n is e d b o u n d a r ie s . · I . b e l i Lve

t h a t I s r a e l ' s in t e g r it y a s a St a t e m u s t b e u p h e l d .. At

THE SAME TIM E , . A LASTING ;SOLUTION IN THE MIDDLE EAST v *■

W ILL REQUIRE WITHDRAWAL FROM OCCUPIED TERRITOR IE S . AND ‘

MEASURES. TO MEET.THE LEGITIMATE NEEDS OF THE PALESTINIAN'* • ' ■· · · ■ ' ■ . . ’

p e o p l e ". . Wh i l e I c a n n o t go in t o t h e d e t a i l s of p r iv a t e

DISCUSSIONS", I was: n o t d is c o u r a g e d b y my DISCUSSIONS

in t h e Kr e m l in a n d in Be lg r a d e on t h i s - m a t t e r . ' ·

. j .

■ - . ■

-.· ·· -

-r ·. ■ ;■■./ :

r 1 ;■··..

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X ·

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r. ;

-11-

THE NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY V

V

' v-· -

■·' "'J '·

:V

; ·:

: - r.

■* * / , ·’<

V . ■ ;·. I TOOK THE OPPORTUNITY IN A NUMBER OF CAPITALS TO

• . , . . . . . . . .

; · I X v ‘ ·' '·

·.' >, X. x X ;^ X X T

' ,?X · ' " " '

URGE GREATER SUPPORT' FOrI t HE I^UCLEAR .N 0 N - p R 0 L I E E R A T i0 N ,^ |^ 2 ^ ^ | ^ v v :

^ T r e a t y .- " In p a r t i c u l a r I;· d i d "s o: .i n · Pa r i s , Bo n n vA N D i Ro m e, " X X W y X ' i E X :

v v/· ■ Κ * Ψ : 5

......... I T

•'Λ .:.:-.·.. .

" .v -

RTICULAR T D I D - SO -1 N . r A R IS , DONN ' AND% ROME, P f - * p X /

Au s t r a l i a w a n t s-’ t o - s e e t h e N uc t ear ; Non - PrpUt f er a t Yon Tr eAj y S J ^ X :

■ .·'?· \ - ’ ·Î½·. * ■ - .4- * ·.. Η·Î· ■ ■'*” ■ . · ι ·-«··;.*

STRENGTHENED AND.ALL- COUNTRIES.TO ACCEPT THE MULTILATERAL ":T v·:.; *· ·<-·'.

>vfi'

' ' · v'·· : »· \ :v X

-'.'V f

< c'i ■

\ T X X - τ . χ ·

OBLIGATIONS WHICH THE. TREATY EMBODIES, : J '.SENSED ,ΤΗΑΤ ^

THERE IS A REAL .P O S S IB ILIT Y , OF MOVEMENT BY THE GOVERNMENTS Χ ί ί Χ Χ , X-‘X :X ·· n n . ·*·. X 'V . .;· r;- ·.. Λ· v -T : X. . ·' , -

i n Rome a n d Bo n n, w h i c h - i s m o s t e n c o u r a g i n g , I n Fr a n c e v r X ' X x

- V " ■ t ·.· · . '

- . - ...·' ·" ■ " ■ · -;;v V ;#

'V

I EXPLAINED FRANKLY THE PROBLEMS OF SELLING URANIvUM to ; - v X - ·'

• ;···'

T ; , X ; X : v . : ; ; ' , . · .

. - . - · ■ · . . . X X · X X X -

COUNTRIES WHICH HAD NO T-RATIFIED THE NPT OR ADHERED TO :Τ ;.,;χ . I T '- ·

t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l At o m i c En e r g y Ag e n c y s a f e g u a r d s . ; Al t h o u g h : ;· V;

Fr a n c e h a s n o t s i g n e d t h e NPT.I b e l i e v e t h a t s h e too i s

■ V-

' . ■ ' " . . ·. '·4ί ■-

■■■·.■· .. ' ,ν'ί··.: .-■ ·· ■ .

- , --------- - - ~· ·. ·Î¯ . ·- ' V k- v ? . j

, . . .................................................. ν · > ’ · -:· · ■·..·'.· ·

. .;·· ' ■ - - · . " ■>"■ · " · - · . . · .

CONCERNED ABOUT THE PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND.' Γ . *;

v - r / v ; '

. .. . i ^ .■

■ . h- i ■ ■ ·â– :■.·., ■

·.'· 4 :is'·':.· ' · x:

I HOPE THAT SHE TOO W ILL SIGN. MEANWHILE, FRANCE HAS

SAID THAT SHE WILL· BEHAVE AS IF SHE WERE A PARTY TO THE

NPT AND THAT SHE ALREADY APPLIES THE SAFEGUARDS ADOPTED ' . v • . ; · . · ■ - · ■·.-■■ ■ .·· ■·,. · '■ ■ - ·: ·.. . r. ■■ :· V v · : ^ · '· . y . < : ν ?'; ; : : · Ϊ 7 '

b y t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l At o m i c En e r g y; A g e n c y-, ‘ "

■·’ · .

THE NON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT ·

' ' '· X

■ - T V

; v - ’ ''

.= ' y .. ·

’ ’ / .

• * · ' - Λ v

' , v l

· · Χ - . · : · . 'λ -ί

. · ..... : *1,·'.·· ■ < - ■, .

• :· .,·'· * ■

. : : x

‘:: V ' '■

■ . X , . , T ; .

- ■ . V .

v v f - :

- :. ' - I d i s c u s s e d w i t h Mrs Ba n d a r a n a i k e i n Sr i La n k a .

a n d w i t h Pr e s i d e n t T i t o a n d Pr i m e Mi n i s t e r B i j e d i c i n ’ *

Yu g o s l a v i a Au s t r a l i a ' s i n t e r e s t i n t h e T h i r d Wo r l d and

t h e n o n- a l i g n e d m o v e m e n t . : A l t h o u g h Au s t r a l i a i s a n . .

ALIGNED COUNTRY - AND THERE CAN BE NO DOUBT- ABOUT THIS -

WE HAVE INTERESTS WHICH OVERLAP’THOSE OF THE THIRD WORLD.

t;.: :x:

■ ■ ■ : 1 :■ .

: ·' V;# ' ' .· . - * ·< - , v'1 ··... - V ,

■ . ■ ;V

Ϊ '

- m . .

'. V

. . ■

.. · "'"V ·

;: |

-12-

'· · > ‘ ·

' v · . .

■&'· ‘‘ A· A'

■ \ ■ · '’iV · .

Ma n y . of t h e non- a l ig n e d c o u n t r ie s - l i k e Sr i La n k a - are

*·: v '

. v - .

% -i> ■ # ; ■ . / . · .

. i- •Vy ' ' IN -^b^O N i THE$B0l?DERS40FLrTHEil NDI AN’! OCEAN., EXPLA I NED > ■>*£&! } .·*/·. to Mrs Ba n d a r a n a ik e , Pr e s id e n t T it o a n d Pr im e Mi n i s t e r 'B i j e d i c

;·> {* - V

1 Vt - 7~*'- — -< . ·' 1 . . ·· '- l 7-- *; " < £ ' ■ λ · "v Λ ' ' * ' 1 ^ > ■ - . · . , ■·: ■

OUR INTEREST. IN /ATTEND INGV FUTURE- MEET ING S; OF THE ?;NONr ALIGNED/:, : >

V ·. GROUP- EITHER. AS-A-GUEST OR A S -A N > O B S E R V E R i.^ I.;F O U N D 7 A L m e iB % :!: W S r ■ - ■ · . / , ■ ' · ν } w '

. ■ THREE/APPRECIATIVE- OFvTHE, INTEREST- OF AUSTRALIA7ΙΝ :ΤΗΕ ··' V ν · : ■, , T n . f r . a / ; ; 1 ;·,. - ; W v , , X ;5 w V , / y y c · '

-vr / /PROBLEMS OF. THE THIRD. WORLD AND THE •’’OBJECTIVES' O F , T H E ' t i f o XCi r ? . -·'■ / I 7 '*···' - ·· ' - / ' ·;..· , » * · . / - . * · ; v v . ^ 7 ·',· V·· " '···--' ■ '· . y / v b ” ‘

v' - NON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT,AND^SYMPATHETIC. TO OUR .-ASSOCIATION ^

AS a ’ G U E s fo R · AS AN -OBSERVER W.TH

• V- V .' . ' ··â–  · ^ \x.~- ' J- ■:.

; .. ·â–  : ·» ·;■

. ···· .

•'V ·* .

t ·., A -

> ■·

i.'V j '

'-A V ·, .. .. .. · ·. ’■ ' . / ; ^ . · '-••/a: λ·

WE SHALL .IN THE FUTURE BE EXAMINING 'FURTHER· T H E i ^ W L ^ ^ ' ^ '■ X'·- .·: ·"

..A

P O S S IB IL IT IE S OF. OUR ATTENDANCE IN 'T H IS iC A P A C IT Y AT FUTURE . j;,;· 'X'A< »-v v: /

··>:·"

■.η·

ίί;·-

MEETINGS OF THE NON-ALIGNED COUNTRIES* WITH OTHER· IM P O R T A N T : ^ ^ ■'·, ■ ·. ,,· · ·â–  ••.. a ::·-- ·. ·.···.- ■

*t ·>

MEMBERS OF THE MOVEMENT IN As I A / AFR ICA AND THE MIDDLE

Ea s t . V -' A ' > ■ · - X ; ’ i · .

c

THE INDIAN OCEAN ■

, ■' . j

·, - .· ;y . ·' V A ’ '· ' *,;'·'·, ■

f·". ; : ..·· . ·· ·//',' ■

: / f 'k· ; eS., y„· -··- ■ ' \ f -

. . · V:'·'··.· · · · : *; · Vi · ·’ ' x / k ·- .:· ;··.; .· ■· l· ·.- ■

I HAD DISCUSSIONS ON THE INDIAN OCEAN WHILE T * ' J‘ ' < ' - ■ · · '

A'

»*>*·'■ . : *.........................

. ■ ■ ■ f 'x / '/ '

’ . ; ‘ · - "AX At '

-/'■ ■ ’ X I V A , · ·

• Υ / ϊ *

.·· "···. A . - A -

k v . v M / 7 ; i | S . /

■>,-

• ·*'·' ’·:,'·· ν ’ : Τ·;·Î½·" " -·*·'.·'■· .·.·'·· ■ · /...' ·,Γ·

WAS ABROAD/ . HONOURABLE MEMBERS .W ILL RECALL" THAT’· I "R A IS E D ·,-. v .. . , . ... . .. . · .- . ... · .·

THIS MATTER IN .THE - UNITED.: STATES AND'St h At '-THE ' GOVERNMENT - . -.-■A,-v. r> ■ ·

• . · · ■ " . ? · -. ·/’ /<;· .· .-· - ■ :··â–  ··.· ■>■ *?·Î›; 4-7/, - /■ 5 · ■ /,··.;·'·

HAD RAISED IT PREVIOUSLY THROUGH DIPLOMATIC CHANNELS IN v < . . . . · ^ - , - „ · · . . - - T - - /v,7 :·/ - - · · . ·

•b o t h Wa s h i n g t o n a n d Moscow. I - t o o k t h e o p p o r t u n it y of m y ; •x g . a v v - ,

, , 1 . 1 4 : '.Γ /* ” ·; ’ ' * γ * ,<

" V IS IT .TO*MOSCOW’’..TO REFER TO THIS MATTER AT THE HIGHEST , ^ 7' 7k v " ^ . . ψ ·. ' ■. ; . . - - ■ "--t<

LEVELS IN THE* K R E M L IN / - Ϊ Η Ε SOVIET/GOVERNMENT UNDERSTANDS

·;■·

OUR ATTITUDE. A : IN THE; JO IN T COMMUNIQUE ISSUED AFTER MY

V V * .

r ; t;v ·â–  '·â–  - ·;. · . ·,;·

->·â–  ·... ,·-ί Λ·-

‘•λ

: .

v i s i t t o .Moscow t h e So v i e t Go v e r n m e n t .e n d o r s e d " i t s r e a d i n e s s •Vi· • ■ /-·

TO p a r t i c i p a t e " i n .."s e e k i n g a f a v o u r a b l e s o l u t i o n t o t h e

p r o b l e m of m a k i n g t h e I n d i a n Oc e a n a n a r e a of p e a c e . " • \

. . ;

-13-

- f 4 4 ^ i f ' %

■<.

POWERS -WE - AR EV0 N ' T H E : CORRECT C O U R S E ? r T o , . S U P P O R T t A N Y . -vSv . 4 · - : y

* ■ * ' . · · ,

' - . A M

i f . .

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; , V ;.

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ANY: LONG-TERM 'NAVAL^DERLOYMENXS 1 | N THEr A R E A ; , I T O

r·· ::: r e g io n v v. W e r e j e c t - t h a t . c o ur se ··' '/ ι ~ - . A H : *h'· «·>.’ ;;· >' . ■ ?. ’ ::

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-THAT· WE WISH AS FARIAS"'POSSIBLE TO 'CONTROL1 OURfOWN ; ·’ ' , ί _ . r - . / · ■>· . · ν . . , . V ' ■ ν ' ;

, - ’TlNDlJSTRIES .AND'RESOURCES.v? I AGREED TH AT'A WES1T GERMAN*. . '! '· ■ " ·. .; · > ··â– · . . · V - · - .· · . .· ·â–  · , · ■ ; - - . .·. . v x

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2 · - DISCUSS IN D E TA IL ALL/ASPECTS^ OF ' INVESTMENT IN ; AU STR ALIA^ ..·

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\ INTERNATIONAL COURT AND ?TOr URGE>\THAT THE; I N T E R N A T I O N A L '· V

■ . _ *, . . · . ■ . ; ■ - i *, ■ 'τ'ί^/· ; ' ·£', ''■· ·;·.

‘ COMMUNITY GIVE GREATER ATTENTION'TO THE.' COURT AS%AN - 4 & > : . · φ ) ϊ ' . . ;-r.

INSTRUMENT FOR WORLD PEACE AND HARMONY,'"’1 - I URGED THAT

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AND UNIVERSAL, HONOURABLE MEMBERS W ILL KNOW THAT IT ' i , ’ -νΆ Ά ··

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WITH RESERVATIONS OR WITH THE EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN ·"> ' V ■ ,= -·.· . . V " · 4 · : . . . ...... : · λ H : '

CATEGORIES OF DISPUTE. r I , TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY ΤΟ V. ; χ . , ; ' ‘N? ' . ■ „ . . ■ · ■·â–  . ; .■ ■ ’ . . .... . . · · ■'· · '. . . ' . · ^ '· ; ; · _ . . . . ,

INFORM THE HOUSE .’THAT/ AS AN EARNEST.· OF OUR RESPECT^. / . ;λ : . r .?rki,v • r ■ . . ·â–  1 1 - · A - . -

for t h e Co u r t , Au s t r a l ia p r o p o s e s t o . forgo her e x i s t i n g .

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RESERVATIONS, AND IN ANY' DISPUTE; WHICH WE LITIG A TE .4 ·1''ί ;· ,ν ν 1 ·;. νίνv . *- V / v / i l v - ···-* ’ , ' * , ·"*·..

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BEFORE THE COURT, TO ACCEPT. ITS' JUDGMENT UNRESERVEDLY· 4 1 - -".Z'V .. -.rtV *

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RELATIONS WITH BRITAIN

' ’ -V. I i f Lo n d o n I Th a dTu s e f u l:a n d; c o r d i a l t a l k s, w i j h Pr i m e r

• ·· ■ . ν'" " · / -· v W ^ V * : :: V :

Mi n i s t e r Wi l s o n on im p o r t a n t i s s u e s i n c l u d i n g e n e r g y p r o b l e m s , :.··Î½· :

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MENT, IN F L A T Ι 0 Ν / ; ΤΗΕ DANGERS, ;OF> A W OR LD;RECESSIO N , , , > ; ; : Λ , v.' ·â–  :Λ- vf;-'·; · \ ■'νΛ4 ■ - - W - fν Γ -4 -λ- v ? -V,,

Br i t i s h a t t i t u d e 's t# t h e r e- n e g o t i a t i o n Tof t h e ^ T r e a t y ofiSRo m e,

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a n d · Co n s t i t u t i o n a l :; i s s u e s - i ncI ud i ng t h e . r i g h t o f a p p e a l -t o t h e' ,

Pr i v y Co u n c i l . At a ; l a t e r h ou r I· s h a l l : b e * i n t r o d u c i n g , b i l l s ^ o < W :-

· . 5:··;- ■·: ; * · - · -

: G I V E ; E F F E C T ' TO T H E ' GOVERNMENT'S; POL I C Y ON PR I V Y CouNC I L A P P E A L S f k ' '" V ' - ; k W ; ' - - . W k : . . . < - k : :

I HAT -POLICY CAN B E : STATED SIMPLY.’ WE DO NOT BELIEVE T H A W ' ; , .s; k k . , . . '■·· ν ' ■ -■ V V' kk·· ;-k % k k V ''

Au s t r a l i a n s s h o u l d l i t i g a t e t h e i r d i s p u t e s b e f o r e t h e Co u r t s v :.

OF ANOTHER COUNTRY. I BELIEVE THAT ATTITUDE IS UNDERSTOOD *

AND ACCEPTED IN B R IT A IN TO A GREATER EXTENT,·REGRETTABLY, THAN ν'. ·.·.’ «>Χ

IT IS IN SOME QUARTERS TN AU STRALIA,

. I n CASE THERE ARE ANY LINGERING •.MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT

■

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T H E " Go v e r n m e n t' s a p p r o a c h t o i t s r e l a t i o n s w i t h t h e Un i t e d

Ki n g d o m, I m a d e i t c l e a r i n a s p e e c h a t t h e Ma n s i o n Ho u s e, .w h i c h

WAS W ID E L Y P U B L I C I S E D AMD APPLAUDED BY- THE B R I T I S H M E D I A , THAT

CHANGES I N THE WORLD S I T U A T I O N HAD, NATURALLY LED TO CHANGES i l l

Au s t r a l i a' s t r a d i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w i t h Br i t a i n. I m a d e i t ; y;:.

c l e a r t h a t t h o s e who s a w t h e Go v e r n m e n t' s r e c e n t, a c t i o n s " k ' W

• V . · ■ . ' . ' . · . · ................... ■■·· ' W

c o n c e r n i n g Br i t a i n a s a m a n i f e s t a t i o n o f s t r i d e n t x new n a t i o n a l i s m ■

or a n ti - B r i t i s h s e n t i m e n t h a d c o m p l e t e l y m i s r e a d t h e Go v e r n m e n t' s

- , ■ . . . / -■· - ■ · ■

i n t e n t i o n s. Wh a t we a r e s e e k i n g t o d o i s e s t a b l i s h a n i n d e p e n d e n t

" . ' " ' ·. Λ , Ί ■ ■

Au s t r a l i a n i d e n t i t y i n t h e w o r l d a n d e s p e c i a l l y i n o u r: r e g i o n.

We h a v e grown u p. Cu r a c t i o n s a r e i n no w a y a n t i- Br i t i s h; t h e y :

a r e; s i m p l y p r o- Au s t r a l i a n. Co n t r a r y To; a p o p u l a r i m p r e s s i o n, l

D ID NOT RAISE IN B R IT A IN THE QUESTION OF STATE A gENTS-GeNERAL. / :

I MADE IT CLEAR THAT THE TR A D ITIO N AL UNDERSTANDING AND AFFECTION i.

b e t w e e n Au s t r a l ! A 'fAND. Br i t a i n , b a s e d on s t r o n g h i s t o r i c a l a n d v

. v .

■K- ■ ■ X,.:

FAMILY CONNECTIONS, WOULD DEEPEN RATHER THAN D IM IN IS H AS

Au s t r a l i a a s s u m e d h e r r i g h t f u l p l a c e as a n i n d e p e n d e n t n a t i o n

'W I T H A D IS T IN C T IV E AUSTRALIAN ROLE AND A D IS T IN C T IV E AUSTRALIAN " ' ,

V O I C E I N THE SOUTH EAST A S I A N R E G IO N < I N . THE COMMONWEALTH AND ( : . .

IN · THE WORLD AT LARG E.V > WE. SEE PART IC UL AR ΐ V A L U E ^ I N -OUR · . &

Co m m o n w e a lth.*? W it h ' T H E i t e M ^ m ^ ; ^ . ·;

.. ? V .

CONTINUING ASSOCIATIONS’ Wί TH * THE f . ■·â–  ' -■· ■’ ■ ‘t . 1 , .

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MAJORITY OF MEMBER^ NATIONS·'OF'V.THE COMMONWEALTH NOW-LYING Ι Ϊ Ν ' ^ Ο ^ ί ΐ ν ^ ^ ί ' Α ·

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τ · · ' - x . f V ^ ^ x V ^ " ·

AROUND THE IN D IA N . AND SOUTH P A C IF IC OCEANS, " A U S T R A L I A * I S ^ - 'i;ri v ' ' ■ · . - '· ■ · · -M ,/ r . - - :'·-■: ·â– 

GEOGRAPHICALLY CLOSER TO THE CENTRE OF THE MODERN COMMONWEALTHr·"" " - « ■ · " ■ -

t h a n i s Br i t a i n h e r s e l f ;

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THE SOVIET: UNION \

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I t i s t h i r t y - t h r e e y e a r s s i n c e a . f o r m e r; U b o r >- :·

■ * ·- · · - · ; ·:·· - ' Τ \ ψ

Go v e r n m e n t e s t a b l i s h e d d i p l o m a t i c r e l a t i o n s w i t h t h e So v i e t ^ .

. . · ... . . ί· · \ " ■ .· ' Λ ' : '·â– 

Un i o n . ...W h e n I s p e n t more t h a n s i x hours i n d i s c u s s i o n s w i t h

ΐ « *

φ - Ch a i r m a n Ko s y g i n a n d Pr e s i d e n t Po d g o rn y i n t h e Kr e m l i n i t . . ..

- · / ■ · ; · ' ., · ·â–  ■ " •·7"'ί · '■ ·*-:·

WAS THE F IR S T TIM E THAT. A U S T R A L IA 'S VIEWS ON A WIDE RANGE OF - ; V' ->; Χ . - ■ ■ ■ · ... . ■ ■ . . ■· ·,*. '· .- x g ;

IMPORTANT ISSUES HAD BEEN. PUT AT T H IS LEVEL. WE DISCUSSED : < V; ^ v .

,: . . i

SUCH MATTERS AS THE S I T U A T I O N I N THE NORTH A S I A N R E G I O N , " ' . l · ■

Ja p a n, Ch i n a, Ko r e a, . d e t e n t e a n d d i s a r m a m e n t.

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I WAS ALSO ABLE TO RAISE A NUMBER OF HUMAN' a : · 1 ■

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RIGHTS ISSUES. ; Wh I LEI THE'SOV IET UN I ON MAINTAINS; THAT.: Γ *'

i > n r l 1 L t i j l n c O U V 1 C I U I N 1 U 1 N Γ Ι Α I N I M l N o - I Π Α l ; < , / ; · · · · * - ' ·

j ____ r > v ? ________ y , _ ', - v _ _ * ___J ' — . <» · . . ; A . , * .«·;*·· v . , - • • V · /;* ;· . . f > v ? /,·> *·, . · ? > ’ ,*v . ■ * ‘ “ ·· f . · ; « V >

THESE ARE MATTERS WITHIN ITS DOMESTIC' JURISDICTIO N · :V — ■

■ ■ · - > . · . . , · · ; . , . „ ..... ■

IT IS NOT INSENSITIVEZTO^REPRESENTATIONS1'ON’ *THES E£‘‘4 * v ’V 'i *. ' Λ .·’·â–  .· , χ · : : V , ■:?..* ^ ’

'MATTERS. I RAISED :THE: M ATfER O F J e w is h E M IG R A T J O N ‘ c

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I- r a i s e d t h e Ma t t e r of/'.·"Op e r a t i o n * Re u n i o n " t h a t '-' i

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s a g - r ^ v ^ ' 1 iVyK- rV ^ _ ’ . * w · * i v y · ,* _ . ^

THE SCHEME UNDER WHICH P ER SONS/R ES ID E N T"ί N ; THE f SoVI ET v

Un i o n s e e k t o - j o i n ' r e l a t i v e s o r;·'f r i e n d s ' i n · Au s t r a l i a /

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Pr i m e Mi n i s t e r Ko s y g i n l i s t e n e d w i t h c o u r t e s y t o my

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p r e s e n t a t i o n .a n d r e p l i e d i n ' some d e t a i l o n ' t h e

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t QUESTION OF JEWISH IMMIGRATION. FROM THE SOVIET UNION ' . . ·* : ’ ' ‘ -

AND ON THE QUESTION OF .."OPERATION REUNION". ΪΗ Ε SOVIET

* V . .

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Go v e r n m e n t :t a k e s . t h e v i e w t h a t ' t h e s e a r e m a t t e r s of

■ . . ·.> . · ;· ' , . . ■ , ' · . · ; -

PURELY DOMESTIC CONCERN. · A U S T R A L IA / FOR HER^PART, . • ‘ . ■ ' ; ■ · ·' · ·

■ ■ ·.. . . . · · : · . · ■ ' . . . - ·.·. ·

BELIEVES THAT ON ANY MATTERS INVOLVING BROAD HUMANITARIAN: . ‘ * ·. * - Λ . ^ _ . ■■■'■V , , r . * .

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RIGHTS, NATIONS HAVE A'DUTY TO ' PUT THEIR VIEWPOINTS / / */ ·.·;,. / y / /

W | t ""fc. ^ L> - f k ' ' ' ' T ^ 1 l V‘ „

■ STRONGLY. V NO PURPOSE IS SERVED :ΪΡ WE* AVOID TISSUES Γ ■/l' / * r ' 4"v ' / /

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WHERE AGREEMENT IS UNLIKELY i f ΪΗ Ε SOVIET Un I ON HAS' A - .

BETTER UNDERSTANDINGr 0F OUR VIEWS AND, I - B E L IE V E ,''Λ ^ ί • i t . , / ■ ■ V ■ · · . · · : * ■ ··· ■ -

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EXCHANGES BETWEEN OUR .TWO . COUNTRIES. ' BUSINESSMEN': IN ! AUSTRALIA .

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SHOULD UNDERSTAND. THAT ;.THERE IS 'N O P O LIT I CAL^- CONSTRAINT‘ UPON’ . , · . : . -.1 .- q Ί · · ' ..►;■· „ · { · ’ . . ' . · : γ Λ , ·Î½ . * < 1 ’ , · <■· i · ' * - / · . X . ·.

THEIR IN IT IA T IN G CONTACTS ’ WITH-"FRANCE. · If-W A S AGREED ALSO s > \? · .

TO NEGOTIATE A CULTURAL. AGREEMENT BETWEEN A uSTRALIA^AND FRANCE 7 / \

AND AN AGREEMENT/"ON COOPER AT I ON ^T N?SC I ENCE.^AND TECHNOLOGY', x , I f " / ' i f c * - ΐ , ' ' " . ' :■ . ύ

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SUPPLY AS A ID , OR SELLING ON-’CREDIT, OF WHEAT FOR

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WHICH PRODUCE SURPLUS GRAIN,. A. I SUGGESTED; INtERNATZONAL

ARRANGEMENTS UNDER WHICH* SOME OF THE DEVELOPED GOVERNMENTS

WITH CAPITAL^ SUCH AS THE' FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY OR • ■ · · · ■ . v -■ ·.·· ■ ■ ■ -"■ · . . ' ' . . .

J a p a n , or t h e o i l - r ic h Mi d d l e ^Ea s t e r n c o u n t r ie s , m ig h t ’

USE SOME"OF THEIR'PETRODOLLARS TO FINANCE THE'PURCHASE

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I TURN NOW TO THE BROADER ISSUE OF WORLD' PEACE. ·. 4. . . . ' ··;· . · ·â– â– â– '·â–  . ·:., · "·. ->X -·.*.-■· ’’ f i '- 1 -:\ . :,'r. ■ ■ T C ' ' · ' ‘ · · .

I SE€ THE PEACE-OF.THE WORLD;AS RESTINGXQN iTHE^PROGRESSlVEy , . 'MvXsX; . . · > · . · W W - V

REINFORCEMENT*OF, THE NETWORK. OF- ACCOMMODATIONS^ AND.X- , .,. . ■ . T - W - V -> ■ . - x - - . ; · . ■ - · - ■ -V--/ '■·!- V . ·

/ ·. . - . . V " . - x v . · : ' · . · - · ■ · -i ·. , . v . · · . Y , ^ T " ' ' 4 4 4 Λ ί « , · ί ί ' . ■ .

χ : u n d e r s t a n d i n g s b e t w e e n I t h e;;two S u p e r p o w e r s/ ?t h e|. Un i t e d , x . f x .

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IS ITSELF p a r t ; OF a WIDER BALANCE OF INTERESTS INVOLVING vJHE

OTHER PRINCIPAU-POW ERSYCHINA. rJAPAN VWD- THE "ENLARGED , . χ » ” " 5 ' - * 4

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I f PEACE IS TO BE PRESERVED - AND IN THE,ULTIMATE

ANALYSIS NOTHING I S : MORE mPORTANT THAN THAT - THE INTERESTS ' . . · . ' · . - · · · ’ $ , _ - ...

o f t h e Un i t e d St a t e s, t h e So v i e t Un i o n, Ja p a n a n d Ch i n a a n d

THOSE OF THE ENLARGED EUROPEAN COMMUNITY, MUST BE. KEPT IN /

BALANCE IN LUROPE A N D IN A S IA . EACH MUST LIV E WITH RESPECT

F.QR THE LEGITIMATE INTERESTS AND ASPIRATIONS OF THE OTHERS. . ·.·â– . ■ . . . ■ :.

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■ ■ , ■: I t IS THE DUTY OF: THE MI DOLE. POWERS AND THE SMALLER1 · K · · $ ? ' . · . · . · · . x · · ■ · . · ’ . · · - “X ·. ; ■ · ' - . . . · · ^ . · · · · . POWERS TO MAKE THEIR VIEWS HEARD IN SEEKING TO STRENGTHEN TH E, ■ . ·.; < - ■ . X·. . . ■ . ■

STRUCTURE OF PEACE. «THIS MUSI. BE A COMMON COLLECTIVE CONCERN, - - ■ . , . ' ·. - - ' \ ' -< X . ' · ’ . ·

NOT SOMETHING LEFT TO'THE MAJOR POWERS ALONE. THE FUTURE,. ■ ■ „. ■ - * . X . r . . ‘ r ■ “ - ■ ’ ■

BELONGS TO US ALL AND, AS I SAID- IN MY.· ADDRESS TO THE GENERAL '

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As s e m b l y l a s t Se p t e m b e r, t h e Go v e r n m e n t r e j e c t s a c o n c e p t o f

,VXV;

.'-V; ‘ ■ .

A WORLD IN WHICH A HANDFUL OF POWERFUL MEN IN CHARGE OF THE

MOST POWERFUL NATIONS CHART‘THE COURSE'FOR THE REST OF US TO

FOLLOW.

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4

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Som e m a y a s k w h a t i n f l u e n c e a c o u n t r y l i k e Au s t r a l i a h a s.i n ,

t h e Wh i t e Ho u s e, i n t h e Kr e m l i n, i n t h e Co u n c i l s o f Eu r o p e; i n

t h e Gr e a t· Ha l l o f t h e Pe o p l e, or i n To k y o? I b e l i e v e we' -c a n ·-

A N D - D O .H A V E I N F L U E N C E . I B E L I E V E AT THE VERY LEAS T WE SHOULD .

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NOT F A I L TO TRY :TO , EXERT.-SOME. INFLUENCE F O R 'T H E 'C A U S E S . IN - * • ' ■· . '

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WHICH WE‘ B E L IE V E . < :WE* SHOULD NOT PERMIT OUR VIEWS^ON 'MAJOR

•INTERNATIONAL PROBLEMS L IK E THE PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR

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: WEAPONS AND ACCESS TO MARKETS TO GO BY D E F A U L T . : - L » V i :

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, I HAD A NUMBER OF O BJEC TIVES IN ' UNDERTAKING . T H I S v - . v '

JOURNEY AND I 'B E L I E V E I F U L F I L L E D THEM A L L , , V V v

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AWARENESS. OF A U S T R A L I A . ’ I HAVE DONE SO,

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I WANTED TO-COMPLETE, AS FAR AS POSSIBLE;?THE' PATTERN

OF V IS IT S WHICH MY FOREIGN MINISTER AND I HAVE BEEN’ UNDERTAKING.

\ a b r o a d T9 o u t l in e Au s t r a l ia ' s p o l i c i e s in a n u m b e r . of area^ ·

f o l l o w in g t h e f ir s t ch ang e of g o v e r n m e n t , in 23 YEARS. I HAVE

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NOW LARGELY COMPLETED THAT PATTERN OF V I S I T S . , V ,/ , ,

■ ■ ■ · - . ' . ;;· ' ' · ■ . / ...·â–  . · ■ v · X . ' ■■ ·· ■·> ' ; . . ■ ■ . . ' - ... . • · " ·· , · ■ · . . . . - ^ I WANTED t o e s t a b l i s h OR S T RE N GT H EN ' P E R S O N A L CONTACTS ι' ·· • . 1 w i t h t h e h e a d s o f G o v e r n m e n t o f . i m p o r t a n t c o u n t r i e s a n d e x c h a n g e V I EW S W I T H THEM ON M A T T E R S ' ' o f I N T E R N A T I O N A L CONCERN AMD ON '. . „ · . * « ' . · . sCOMMON ECONOMIC PROBLEMS INCLUD IN G IN F L A T I O N AND UNEMPLOYMENT.I HAVE DONE SO. ■ .Λ

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INTEREST. IN LONG-TERM* ARRANGEMENTS FOR.THE ACCESS OF O U R ' ’ V ^

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ASSESSMENTS- ON THE MAJOR· POLICY--1SSUES,:INVOLVED"

s a l e ‘ o f . Au s t r a l ia ' s ";b 0 u n t i f u l ; m in e r a l ·:r e s o u r c e s·/Ve s p e c ia l l y -A A ' A A /: • < ·'ί :\, : e . . · ,1. · v. *. Τ- -.*,· -·..‘-s :y:.-xE f "·Ï‡/ -··,, :-· URANIUM AND COAlH TO THE, COUNTRIES OR? EUROPEV. A A A HAVE - X O - y y y y y .* 1 . · - . - . v ■·, . ‘ v ··â– · 5*··· DONE SO, AND; Γ BELIEVE THE OUTLOOK, FOR AUSTRALIA JN THE? - 'A 'v A A 'y ; ' ^ - A y y x 4 A A >-y f f A ' ' '

γ - ΡΝΓΠΙΙΒΔΛΤ ΜΛ'. .· / 1'·-;'..· E-s · ---V^ -ι·. : AREA OF .ENERGY'SUPPLY 'IS IMMENSELY ENCOURAGING. ·. . .... _ t Λ „ ; .* ·,-■ . . - - ■ - v , . Λ .. *·- * , ? A• ·'"*■ ' l' '* ;.V y - v'“' ' ;. r '; Y \ ;. ·Îš ν ^ ; y .*■ ·Î½ '; · . χ ,; . y·· ' -y v .·.

" . ·' I WANTED'TO'DISCUSS WITH,THOSE.COUNTRIESr WHOSE·- 1 ‘ : A ; 5 y 1 ’ - ’■'*·· Ά ' :· " ,-v 4.-;-·â–  '

PEOPLE..HAVE- CONTRIBUTEDf-TO-AUSTRALIA S -'CULTURAL HERITAGE 1 4 » ^ · - * r . ' '< '·.·· ' v j; ' "* ; ♦. ri ·> S i - >..* ' _ . . ' V ; * > - . i* * . " - r ' . v i . t'»..:· · ··',-► _

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ON FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND TO REMOVE ANY UNCERTAINTIES„y|A;> '? . , . · · > : ;

ABOUT THESE P O LIC IE S ; A4. T ^H A V icO N E '.S O . V - ί' , ■ '..··. ....... '·' -'V-·'- ' : ■ A . V ...T -: y > . A ; ·

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F i n a l l y , I w a n t e d t o e x a m i n e w ays i n w h ic h

Au s t r a l i a m i g h t m a k e i t s c o n t r i b u t i o n t o s t r e n g t h e n i n g t h e

f a b r i c of c o- o p e r a t i o n b e t w e e n Au s t r a l i a a n d Eu r o p e a n d t o

e x p l o r e , . 'a t t h e h i g h e s t LEVEL, j H E ATTITUDES O F

l i k e t h e So v i e t Un i o n, Fr a n c e' a n d Yu g o s l a v i a t o d e t e n t e a n d^ :

t o t h e Mi d d l e Ea s t, w h i c h a r e-e s s e n t i a l t o f o r m i n g a n y' s o u n d

ASSESSMENT OF THE PROSPECTS FOR ’WORLD PE AC E, - I ' H A V E DONE SO, • , . . . ■ . · _ · ·;

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‘ ' I REGR ET .T H AT MANY 'OF THESE T H I N G S , THESE IMMENSE AND

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T A N G I B L E B E N E F I T S FOR A U S T R A L I A , HAVE BEEN OBSCURED FROM THE : ■

Au s t r a l i a n p e o p l e. I do n o t r e s e n t f a i r " c r i t i c i s m from t h e . ; v ..

m e d i a , Ev e r y o n e i n p u b l i c l i f e a c c e p t s s uc h c r i t i c i s m , a n d v

f r e q u e n t l y b e n e f i t s from i t , Ev e n my w orst e n e m i e s w ould c o n c e d e

THAT I HAVE RARELY COMPLAINED ABOUT THE M ED IA'S TREATMENT OF ME,

THAT I HAVE BEEN MORE ACCESSIBLE TO THE .MEDIA, MORE FRANK·IN

MY DEALINGS WITH THEM, THAN ANY OF MY PREDECESSORS IN T H IS OFFICE,.

A FREE PRESS HAS AN ESSENTIAL AND CONSTRUCTIVE ROLE IN

DEMOCRATIC" SOCIETY. I REGRET, HOWEVER, THAT ON THIS OCCASION ‘ .. ' . ' ' . '4 ■

t h e Au s t r a l i a n p u b l i c was n o t s e r v e d b y t h e m e d i a a s o b j e c t i v e l y "

OR AS IN TE LLIG E N TLY AS I T DESERVES, TOO OFTEN MATTERS OF SUBSTANCE

WERE SUBORDINATED TO REPORTS OF T R I V I A . ΪΤ WAS REPEATEDLY ■. , ,

SUGGESTED THAT MUCH OF,MY TIME WAS TAKEN UP WITH SIGHTSEEING, ' / . * v * ■ '·â–  .l .

I N V I S I T S TO ARCHAEOLOGICAL S I T E S AND MUSEUMS, VERY L I T T L E T I M E

WAS TAKEN UP· W IT H THESE TH IN GS AND MOST OF I T WAS DURING P U B L I C .

H O L I D A Y S AND WEEKENDS. SUCH D I V E R S I O N S A R E , OF COURSE, A NORMAL ^

PART OF THE H O S P I T A L I T Y EXTENDED·TO V I S I T I N G HEADS OF GOVERNMENT,

AND I MAKE NO APOLOGY FOR MY I N T E R E S T I N THE CULTURE AND H I S T O R I E S

OF THE COUNTRIES I V I S I T E D ,

We a r e n o t λ n a t i o n of Ph i l i s t i n e s ; we s h o u l d n o t be

CONTENT WITH AN IMAGE ABROAD BASED MAINLY ON BARRY

McKe n z i e ... I t a k e some p r i d e i n t h e e x t e n s i v e a n d s y m p a t h e t ic >

PRESENTATION OF Μ Υ Έ ISS 10N:>1 F tM E f MED I A : iW A lS jT H E f COUNTRIES

I V IS IT E D , I FOUND IMMENSE GOODWILL. NOT JUST FOR M E^.BU T.: : ; , .

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f o r A u s t r a l i a . ; : : T h i s g o o d w i ; l E : w a s x e x p r e s s e d a n d S y m b o l i s e d ‘T - ; - . .

i n m a n y d i f f e r e n t w a y s. I n -Ba n g l a d e s h , : F or e x a m p l e , '; t h e r e I x; ■ - v - S T T ' : '■

was a warm a p p r e c i a t i o n .o f Au s t r a l i a ' s f o o d a i d p r o g r a m s ; ·a I n A v

vL Λ

:.ϋ;-:;-

MY V I S I T S TO WAR CEMETERIES IN FRANCE, IN B E L G IU M „ IN C R E T E / / ; .

i n At h e n s , I fo u n d d e e p a n d g e n u i n e g r a t i t u d e f o r , thevxV ;: >

" ............. - ’ - ■ '■''iT. 'HLt;

c o n t r i b u t i o n o f Au s t r a l i a n - s o l d i e r s t o t h e a l l i e d c a u s e . ; I n

. . '·.·· - · ■ . . ·' . . . ;> · . ·.· . ; .: . . · -

- . · · . ! . * . . - 1 · : . ' ; - · * * ' , · ' ...................... ·*

MANY COUNTRIES -THERE WAS A READY UNDERSTANDING OF THE L I N K S ,

FORGED- -BY OUR I M M IG R A T IO N PROGRAM. EVERYWHERE . I N THE M E D I A

OF THE COUNTRIES I V I S I T E D I FOUND A F U L L A P P R E C I A T I O N OF >

THE IMPORTANCE AND URGENCY OF THE MATTERS I SOUGHT TO R A I S E ,

I REGRET THAT I FOUND SO MUCH LESS UNDERSTANDING I N T H E . M E D I A

OF MY OWN COUNTRY. ' ' V :

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VO ·· ■

I HAD OCCASION'TO SAY THAT AUSTRALIA HAD",AT LAST Λ Ο Τ , , Η Ε Η ^ # ^ ; ; v , . v ·

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r CONCERN TO US - WITH INDO NESIA, OUR NEAREST^ NEIGHBOUR; ^ · · ; · Λ · ί α ϊ < / - ··;.

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■* - R E L A T IO N S R I G H T ' W IT H ^THE^FOUR- POWERS’ OF' MOST " I M M E D I A T E / ■· MOST DIMMED I ATE · , · ! .·â– 

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. W I T H d A P A N , OUR L A R G E S T , T R A D I N G PA RTN ER; .3/ -> υ ά . v ^ vv -; a ; . ·=

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a n d w i t h t h e;.Un i t e d'· St a t e s, ·'t h e w o r l d' s m o s t^p o w e r f u l 'n a t i o n

AND OUR F I N E S T A L L Y . ! v MY V I S I T T O '- C H I N A ' ENDED A G E N E R A T I O N / / y ; ' ■ ' · ■ · . ·’ . - τ '.-

'-V Vi·'?’ :'··Î½·.>

OF LOST. CONTACT W IT H fA QUARTER'iOF JTHE.WORLD7 S^ PEOPLE / ^ .■ * / - ' V · 1 V.?-

My v i s i t s t o t h e· Un i t e d St a t e s', Ja p a n, In d o n e s i a /a n d

< * > * ; ■·’· ■ ·. reSv-' · ί '

/ INDO NESIA' '

I n d i a ./c o n s o l i d a t e d , im p r o v e d a n d m a t u r e d . e x i s t i n g

RELATIONSHIPS OF GREAT IMPORTANCE TO US, * My V I S I V T o X f c ' : ' S ' W : ' ' / / i H

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t h e So v i e t Un i o n h a s m a r k e d a new s t a g e i n t h e d e v e l o p m e n t /

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OF PRACTICAL AND R E A L IS T IC RELATIONS WITH THE OTHER/

POWERFUL* NATION ON EARTH". / / - ίΥ V I S I T TO E U R O P E / / ' ! ^ . . . . . . , ' ·. . . .

HAS REASSERTED OUR STRONG'AND' CONTINUING INTEREST ?l'N ' ·'■: " ' ■ . · ; · . . · , . . . · · : Λ. · ■ . > : .

t h e E u r o p e a n C o m m u n i t y , · , a n d I - b e l i e v e , r e k i n d l e d

E u r o p e s i n t e r e s t i n a s t r o n g , : p r o g r e s s i v e - a n d

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INDEPENDENT A U S T R A L I A . ' T aKEN^ TOGETHER, WE H A V E Λ ;;·/· / / > '

BEGUN TO FASHION A MORE CONTEMPORARY RELATIONSHIP / / / / / · ' / " ■' ■ . _ . ·, U ‘ V .. ·,

w i t h Eu r o p e - Ea s t a n d W e s t -■ more a p p r o p r i a t e t o / t h e , '

·· ’ · . · · ' : · ■ ■, ·.■· f ■■ · ; 4 .

CHANGED CONDITIONS OF. OUR T IM E . WE CAN NOW SAY /;· ■ Λ... '

CONFIDENTLY THAT AUSTRALIA HAS GOT HER RELATIONS R IG H T ,’ .

NOT. JUST WITH THE COUNTRIES NEAREST US, BUT WITH MOST / ; : "-• ■ . , - · ' - ' . . . ’ ■· ■

N A T I O N S OF I M P O R T A N C E / AND R E G I O N S ' O F I M P O R T AN C E, I N ■’ ' / /

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THE WORLD.