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Joint Communique

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N Q D. 14 D^ _ January 1975



The following is the text of the Joint Communique ; issued after the talks between the Australian Prime Minister, Mr Whitlam, and the Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, Mr Bijedic, in Belgrade on 12 January 1975.

"At the invitation of the President of the Federal Executive Council, Dzemal Bijedic, the Prime Minister of Australia, The Hon. E.G. Whitlam, accompanied by Mrs Whitlam, paid an official friendly visit to the

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 9 to 12 January 1975.

"The President of the Republic, Josip Broz Tito, received Prime Minister Whitlam, and held a long and friendly talk with him on topics of mutual interest re­ lating to international relations and bilateral co­ operation. The Prime Minister extended an invitation to the President to visit Australia. The President accepted the invitation with pleasure.

, "Prime Minister Whitlam and his party visited Belgrade, Mostar and Dubrovnik.

"In the course of the visit, detailed and exten­ sive discussion took place between the President of the Federal Executive Council, Dzemal Bijedic, and Prime Minister Whitlam and their associates.

"From the Yugoslav side at the talks took part:

' Mr Milos Minic, Vice-President of the Federal Executive Council and Federal Secretary for Foreign Affairs.

Dr Emil Ludviger, Member of the Federal Executive Council, Federal Secretary for Foreign Trade.

Mr Miljan Komatina, Assistant Federal Secretary for Foreign Affairs.

Mr Uros Vidovic, Ambassador of the SFR of Yugoslavia to Australia

Mrs Milica Ziberna, Assistant Federal Secretary for Foreign Trade

Mr Milan Manojlovic, Assistant Chairman of the Federal Committee for Work and Employment

Mr Nikola Cicanovic, Adviser to the President of the Federal Executive Council for Foreign Policy Matters.

Mr Ismet Redzic, Director of the Department for the Far East, Indochina and Pacific, Federal Secretariat for Foreign Affairs.

Mr Bozidar Crnjak, Head of Group for Pacific, Department for Far East, Indochina and Pacific.

From the Australian side at the talks took part:

Hon. L.F. Bowen, Special Minister of State and Minister assisting the Prime Minister.

H.E. Malcolm Booker, Ambassador of Australia to the SFR of Yugoslavia.

Sir Lenox Hewitt, O.B.En, Secretary, Department of Minerals and Energy

Mr D.H. McKay, Q.B.E., Secretary, Department of Overseas Trade.

Mr G.J. Yeend, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. ,

Mr R.Ao Woolcott, Deputy Secretary, Department of Foreign Affairs.

Mr J. Spigelman, Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister=

Mr R.J. Greet, Assistant Secretary, Department of Foreign Affairs.

Mr J.S.F. Bowan, Counsellor of the Embassy of Australia.

"Separate talks were held in the Federal Secretariat for Foreign Affairs and in the Federal Secretariat for Foreign Trade between the officials of these two institu­ tions and members of the Australian delegation.

"All discussions took place in a friendly atmosphere and in a spirit of mutual understanding and respect. Views were exchanged on wide-ranging current international issues and on the possibilities for promoting diversified

forms of cooperation between the two countries.

"The two sides paid particular attention to the ex­ pansion of mutual trade. It was noted that the level of economic relations 31ags behind the actual possibilities. They expressed their belief that there exist favourable

conditions for the further development of economic co­ operation in various fields and agreed that it was neces­ sary and in the mutual interest to make joint efforts to enhance trade and economic cooperation in both directions.

"The Australian side would welcome a greater engage­ ment of Yugoslav commercial interests in the Australian market and to this end recommended to the Yugoslav side the intensified use of the market assistance facility of

the Australian Department of Overseas Trade.

"The Australian side agreed to give careful consideration to the Yugoslav wish to conclude an agreement on the elimination of double taxation.

"The two sides welcomed the conclusion of an air service agreement between Australia and Yugoslavia and the early introduction of regular scheduled ser­ vices between Australia and Yugoslavia by Qantas and JAT.

"The two sides consider that the Yugoslavs living and working in Australia represent a special link between Yugoslavia and Australia. The Yugoslav side expressed its appreciation for the efforts which Australia has made to promote the welfare of Yugoslavs in Australia.

The Australian side reiterated its concern that they should enjoy the same conditions as other members of the Australian community. Both sides believed that there could be value in the conclusion of a Social Welfare Agreement between Australia and Yugoslavia.

"The Yugoslav side notes with appreciation the efforts which the Australian Government had made to prevent terrorist activity by extremist emigre groups aimed against Yugoslavia and designed to obstruct the development of

friendly relations between the two countries. The Australian side confirmed its determination to prevent such activity.

"The two sides also examined possibilities to intensify cultural cooperation and agreed to conclude a Cultural Agreement at an early date.

"Prime Minister Whitlam set. forth his assessment of the situation in the Pacific and Asian region. Prime Minister Bijedic acquainted Prime Minister Whitlam with his view of the situation in Europe, particularly in the

area of the Mediterranean. The Yugoslav side informed the Australian side in detail of the activities and the - forthcoming program of the non-aligned countries. The two sides noted that the strengthening of the role of the non-aligned countries f wchi'h had become an important political and material factor in the world., contributes

considerably to the democratization and stabilization of international relations and to the settlement of outstand­ ing international issues. /

"The Yugoslav side took note with interest and appreciation of the desire of Australia to take part as observer or guest at the next summit meeting of the non-aligned countries and welcomed its positive attitude towards the increased role of the non-aligned policy as well as its interest in cooperation with the non-aligned


"In regard to the situation in the Middle East, the two sides pointed out the need to make intensive efforts to find a just and durable solution on the basis of the relevant resolutions of the United Nations.

"The two Prime Ministers consider that the imp1emention of the Resolutions of the United Nations constitutes the appropriate approach for a just and lasting solution to the Cyprus crisis and

expressed their willingness to make efforts to this end. .

"With respect to the situation in Vietnam, the two sides agreed that it was necessary to secure the full and strict implementation of the Paris Agreements.

"In welcoming the progress made by the peoples of Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and Angola on their road to liberation, and the adoption by the United Nations General Assembly of the Resolution on

decolonization as the expression of the successful struggle against colonialism, the two sides emphatic­ ally condemned the policy of racial discrimination and apartheid and expressed their beliefj that the peoples subjected to .racial oppression would soon

attain freedom.

"The two Prime Ministers emphasized the particular importance of the United Nations organi­ zation, pointing to the need for further strengthening its role and efficacy in dealing with fundamental

international political and economic problems, as well as in the development of all-round international co­ operation and safeguarding peace in the world. The importance and usefulness of cooperation between

representatives of Yugoslavia and Australia in the United Nations and in other international organizations were also emphasised.

"During the conversations, views were ex­ changed on the current economic situation in the world. The two sides stressed the need to find more durable solutions to economic problems through broad inter­ national cooperation which would take into account the

interdependence of all states while respecting their sovereign interests. The two sides accentuated the φ importance of the decisions of the Sixth Special Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations

and the need for their early implementation. They con­ curred in the belief that disruptions in the world economy could be overcome only through substantial changes in existing international economic relations and the establishment of a new economic?order based on

equality between nations. Only thus would it be possible to improve substantially the position of the developing countries, which constitute a key issue in international economic relations. The two sides

stressed that the problems of raw materials and economic development could be resolved through the introduction of more just terns of trade in. the exchange of primary and industrial products, while at the same time

recognizing the right of all nations to freely manage their own natural resources. The two sides voiced the need to undertake concrete steps in the direction of halting the arms race and bringing

about general and complete disarmament, in particu­ lar nuclear disarmament.

"The two Prime Ministers expressed their readiness to support all efforts aimed at consoli­ dating international cooperation based on the principles of equality, non-interference and respect

for the independence and sovereignty of all states. They evaluated positively the results so far ·

achieved in the promotion of detente, as a contribution to peace. They stressed that, in order to become a universal and lasting process, detente must spread to all areas of the world, so facilitating the resolution

of outstanding international issues and acute crises with the participation of the international community as a whole.

"The Prime Minister expressed his deep appreciation for the warm cordiality and generous hospitaiitv extended to him and his parjjty by Mr Bijedic and the Yugoslav Governments"