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Visit to Australia of the Prime Minister of Japan

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15-17 JANUARY 1980


1 . ? ; . . .. .The Prime Minister of Japan, Mr Masayoshi- Ohira, ...

is paying an official visit to Australia from 15 to 17 -

January 1980, at the invitation of the Australian Government.

Mr Ohira had discussions in Canberra with the Australian

Prime Minister, Mr Fraser, and other Ministers. Mr Ohira

will also visit Melbourne and will pass through Sydney on

his return journey to Japan. .

2. The Prime Ministers expressed their satisfaction

with the close and friendly relations between Australia and.

Japan which are entering a new phase of creative partnership.

They also agreed that, in the spirit of the Basic Treaty of

Friendship and Co-operation, Japan and Australia should

further strengthen their efforts in the pursuit of the

closest possible links across a wide range of activities,

including consultations at the highest governmental level.

3. The Prime Ministers reviewed international,

developments. They noted with grave concern the threat to ' j ·..· - y ■ : ■- ··’ ·''■· · ■·· · · · ·.·· .-· ·.· ·· · ··*.··.· ··. * . ·· . » f · V

global stability posed by recent developments in Afghanistan, ’

Iran and Indochina. They deplored the threat or. use of force

in international relations and emphasised the necessity for

peaceful settlement of international disputes. They reaffirmed

their commitment to promote world peace, security and progress

in accordance with the principles of the United Nations

Charter and to strengthen the rule of law in the conduct of

international relations. . .

4. The Prime Ministers strongly deplored the USSR*s

military intervention in Afghanistan as a direct violation

of that country* s sovereignty and of international law and


practice. They rejected the Soviet Union's professed reasons

for its action and agreed that it was without legal or moral

justification. It had established a dangerous precedent of

grave concern to all countries. They called on the USSR to

cease forthwith its military activities in Afghanistan, .

withdraw its forces, and so enable the Afghan people to settle■

their own future free from outside pressure. . * - ' . " ·

5. The Prime Ministers expressed their continuing .

deep concern at the situation of the hostages being held at

the United States Embassy in Tehran. They emphasised that

the action constituted not only a violation of international

law but also a threat to the framework within which states

were able to conduct relations in a reasoned and civilised

manner. They stressed the immediate need for the release

of all hostages as a first step towards a resolution of the

issues between the parties concerned.

6. Mr Ohira briefed Mr Fraser on his recent visit to

China. The Prime Ministers welcomed recent developments

in China's external relations, in particular the strengthening

of its links with Japan, the United States and Western

Europe, as significant factors which would contribute to the ■ . - · . -· · . — - . - · · .>· · · -· ' · * ·,·— "■* ,^· · ·· ··-*— . · · J.* .■ ··<

peace, and stability of the Asian-Pacific region. They agreed

that China's commitment to modernisation and its greater

involvement in the international economy were valuable

developments, conducive to the long-term economic prosperity

of the region.

7. The Prime Ministers discussed the situation in

Indochina. They expressed grave concern that the continuing

armed conflict in Kampuchea could pose a serious threat to

the stability of Thailand and the security of South East Asia.

They recognised the urgent need for a political settlement in

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Kampuchea, involving the withdrawal of all foreign forces and

an act of self-determination by the Khmer people free from any

foreign interference. They also reaffirmed their support for

international measures to alleviate the suffering of Khmer- . ^ - · -.civilians inside Kampuchea and. displaced in Thailand. They .... . ' . · ·

noted and welcomed the timely initiatives taken by the Association

of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) in response to developments

in Indochina.

8. The Prime Ministers agreed on the need to continue to

promote regional co-operation in South East Asia. In this

connection they welcomed the constructive role of ASEAN which,

by stimulating greater political cohesion and co-operation in

economic and social development, was making a continuing '

contribution to peace and stability in the region. They said

that they would continue their efforts to assist in the

economic advancement of the ASEAN countries.

9. In discussing developments in North East Asia, the

Prime Ministers reaffirmed the importance they attached to the

preservation of peace and stability on the Korean peninsula. ·

They expressed their hope thht further efforts 'would be made ' . "

to reduce tensions in that area. . . . . .......

10. The Prime Ministers welcomed t h e .progress being made

by the countries in the South Pacific region towards nation­

building and confirmed that they would continue to co-operate

with and to extend assistance to those countries for their ... .......

economic and social development. They also welcomed the important

contribution made by the regional organisations, in particular the

South Pacific Forum, in achieving greater regional co-operation in .

the South Pacific.

11. The Prime Ministers discussed possibilities for closer

co-operation among countries in the Pacific region.


They noted the remarkable development of economies in the

region in the past decade and observed that this had already

resulted in a substantial expansion of.economic and other

links. They emphasised that it was important for Australia

and Japan to continue to work closely in further promoting

. broad co-operative relations among countries in'the Pacific ' ,

; · region. - -In this connection, .they agreed that the Pacific Basin - ■

Co-operation Concept represented a significant longer term

objective and expressed their intention to explore it further,

on the basis of a broad regional consensus. They observed that

a series of non-governmental seminars arranged by academic

or similar institutions within the region would, be an .

important means of developing the concept.

12. The Prime Ministers welcomed the all-parties

agreement on Rhodesia which was reached at the Lancaster

House Conference in London. They expressed the strong hope

that the way was now open for the Rhodesian people to enjoy

a return to peace and prosperity under a democratically

•elected government. Mr Ohira congratulated Mr Fraser on

the significant contribution the Australian Government had

made towards the achievement of the settlement in London,

and was now making towards the implementation of the

settlement in Rhodesia. They agreed' ttiat a negotiated'' '

settlement in Rhodesia could accelerate the resolution of. . · ..... < · * · ■ " · · . ·····. · · . · . · · : · · - .· ·. · ·. " . · '· ·'· · ·â– ·."· ■·; . ·· · -· · . · ···'.;.· other problems in southern Africa and thereby enhance the

prospects of political stability and economic advancement

in the region. . "

13. The Prime Ministers reaffirmed the vital importance...-.

for international stability and security of disarmament, in

particular nuclear disarmament, and the prevention of the

proliferation of nuclear weapons. They expressed their

continued strong support for the Treaty on the Non-proliferation


of Nuclear Weapons as the basis of international · . .

non-proliferation arrangements. They welcomed the .

contribution of the International Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Evaluation, now nearing completion, to the development of

.an international consensus on the peaceful application of . . . .... ,

•nuclear energy and non-proliferation. They reaffirmed that . . . . *."*/■ V . . ; ■ . - · " · - · · " " · ; · - ' ■ ' ’ " ;

Australia and Japan would continue to co-operate in .

international forums to promote these objectives. .

14. The Prime Ministers exchanged views on the current

difficult world economic situation. They noted the serious

effect the energy problem has upon inflation and thus upon

stable economic growth, and reaffirmed the importance of all

nations pursuing appropriate economic and energy policies.

In particular, they stressed the need for countries relying ,

heavily-on oil as a source of energy to diversify to alternative

energy sources.

The Prime Ministers emphasised the importance of

maintaining the free and open system of world trade. They

welcomed the conclusion of the Tokyo Round of multilateral

trade negotiations and the contribution these had made to .

providing a basis for the further expansion of world .trade. . .1 v · , . ", . <. ··;·â– ··-· · - ■'· ■· · ' " - ·.·. V' '·· V i ’' - ;;AV:· ·· ·-·.·'· ·- r.-v ·Î½'\·'· .·· . They agreed that both countries would take a positive approach

to. the continued development ~of an open international economy i;v v .: ; , ·

. The Prime Ministers discussed developments in North-

South issues that had taken place since they last met in Manila

at UNCTAD V and agreed on the continuing need for urgent and

sympathetic attention to the problems facing developing countries.

They noted there was close consultation between Australia and

Japan on these issues including the Common Fund negotiations..

. 6.

15. The Prime Ministers noted that there had been a

fivefold increase in trade between Australia and Japan in the

last decade and that a number of trading problems had been

resolved in recent years. The growth in trade had made a

: significant · contribution to the economic development of'both -'^•countries. Recognising the h i g h .degree of economic inter- /

dependence between the two countries, they agreed to co-operate

in further strengthening and developing trade relations. They

reaffirmed that Australia and Japan were each a stable and

reliable supplier to and market for the other, and expected

that bilateral trade would be further expanded and developed

on a fair and stable basis. They noted with satisfaction that

the discussions which had taken place in recent years at all

levels on trade and related matters had been extremely valuable,.

and agreed that these dialogues should be continued and


16. The Prime Ministers discussed trade in minerals and

. energy resources and the implications of the current energy

situation and endorsed the need for continuing co-operation in

this field both between the .two countries and within the

multilateral framework. They agreed,-that the outlook·, for the·

1980 * s pointed to a growth in the partnership and the widening

of its scope. They observed that" Australian And Japanese ' v..

energy policies were complementary, and would provide'the basis

for an expansion of trade in energy materials and of co-operation

in energy research and development. Mr Ohira described .

Australian energy resources especially in such fields of energy- ■

as coal, uranium, natural gas and the like as being important

r to the development of both the Australian and Japanese economies.

7 .

He expressed the hope that Australia would continue to be one

of the major suppliers of these resources. Mr Fraser reaffirmed

that Australia was a secure source of energy supplies and stated

that Australia would co-operate to the fullest possible extent

to provide'for1 Japan’s needs . Both' Prime' Ministers confirmed ' " ·â– *

that"Australia would play a major role in meeting Japan!s · _

energy requirements and cited the growing Japanese demand for

steaming coal as one of the new areas where expansion of energy

trade between the two countries could take place.

17. . The Prime Ministers noted with satisfaction that in

recent years co-operation and exchanges of views on science

and technology had been carried out at various levels between

the two countries. They also noted with satisfaction that

co-operation had commenced on the development of alternative

energies, such as coal liquefaction and solar energy. In view

of such recent developments, they recognised! the need to

establish a much closer relationship between the two countries

in the fields of science and technology. They agreed that.

the negotiations which had commenced on a Science and Technology

Agreement should continue with a view to an early conclusion.

' ... ....... '■ ..... ;· · ■ ;ν.·:ν ·" ;·· •■.•.y •■--'•An·' .

18. The Prime Ministers acknowledged that one .effect of

recent developments in the world energy situation was the.. -ww..ΑλΑ-:

emergence of significant opportunities for the expansion of

economic and mutually beneficial raw materials processing

capacity in Australia. They noted that these developments

could afford Australia a unique opportunity to offer Japan an.....

internationally competitive, stable and reliable long-term

source of supply for not only raw materials but also processed

8 .

raw materials. They expressed the hope that co-operation

between Australia and Japan on the development of raw materials

processing would be further explored. They also noted that the

Australian energy sources involved were based primarily on coal

and therefore would .make a contribution to conserving oil

'.•.supplies.'. They ..agreed that further mutually beneficial studies

by the two Governments on the processing of particular raw

materials and the complementary development of industry in the

two countries would be undertaken in the near future.

19. . The Prime Ministers noted that negotiations had

commenced between Australia and Japan on a new Agreement

providing for nuclear co-operation and safeguards and expressed

their wish to see an early conclusion. They noted that the first

phase of the joint study, on the feasibility of uranium enrichment

in Australia had been concluded and expressed their hope that

Australia and Japan could continue to co-operate in a further

phase of the study.

20. The Prime Ministers welcomed, the steady increase in

Japanese investment in Australia over recent years, and

recognised that"it w o uld■play an increasingly important role .

in strengthening co-operative relations between the two countries

and in contributing to the economic development of each.

21. The Prime Ministers welcomed the signing o f 'the .

Agreement on Fisheries between the Government of Japan and

the Government of Australia on 17 October 1979 and expressed

their common expectations that the Agreement would further . .--·â– ··

strengthen the co-operative relationship in the field of

fisheries between the two countries.


9 .

22. The Prime Ministers agreed that it was in both

countries’ interests to facilitate greater travel and contacts

between them and discussed efforts that had been made to reach

agreement on reduced airfares between Australia and Japan.

, They .reaffirmed their desire to see the early Introduction of ' . · ··"-

lower - airfares between Australia and Japan and looked "forward ' ' ' '

to a mutually satisfactory'outcome from the discussions to be '

held between officials of both countries on this question before

the end of February. -

23. The Prime Ministers expressed their belief that

co-operation and exchanges in the cultural and academic fields

between the two countries should be strengthened. They agreed

that there should be increased opportunities for the people

of each country, arid particularly young people through study

and work experience, to come to know each other better and to ,

understand more deeply the importance of each country to the

other. To this e nd, Mr Fraser expressed the intention of the

Australian Government to increase the funds available to the

Australia-Japan Foundation. The Prime Ministers discussed

possibilities for joint support of the proposed Australia-Japan ’

research centre a t ■the Australian National University to promote. .— '···.. /„* -r·.- .,i r . τ.-r·· .·Î½· · ' · · ·- · " " v , ·.

research in certain fields including economic relations between

'.the; ...twp. .countries ..·,Ml...^Fraser said that the Australian Government

would support the project and expressed the hope that the

Australian business community would do likewise. Mr. Ohira

stated that a fund-raising program had commenced in the

Japanese private pector and said that the Japanese Government

was considering due co-operation in the project.

10. 1

24. The Prime Ministers reaffirmed the importance they

attach to the Australia-Japan Ministerial Committee and

expressed their belief that the Committee would play an even

greater role in the future in the development of mutual .

understanding and· trust between the two countries. They looked

• forward to the-holding of the ' sixth meeting'-'of the Ministerial

Committee in Tokyo, if possible before the middle of 1980,

which would enable a detailed exchange of views on international

economic issues before the Venice Summit.

25. Prime Minister Ohira extended an invitation from the

Government of Japan to Prime Minister Fraser to visit Japan

in the near future. Prime Minister Fraser accepted the

invitation with pleasure.

26.. Prime Minister Ohira expressed his appreciation for

the warm reception and hospitality extended to him and to the

members of his party on the occasion of their visit to

Australia. . .

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