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Address at a public rally at the Esplanade

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F R1ME MINI ST ER ______ _____ : _ t__________ . '



'There are two" great issues χή this campaign, One is economic an cl · one is foreign affairs- and defence. Today, 1 am going to speak about foreign affairs and defence. . ··' — · W .. —

In 1976 in a major statement on foreign affairs, X war ned the nation of the dangers of Soviet power, I w arned Australis that Soviet miJitary might: v;as expanding inexorably. That the Soviet Union w a s vdevot iny 1 2-1 4 per cent of its annual income to defence. when A m e rican defence e x p e n d i t u r e had gone up, Soviet expenditure had g o n e up. When American expenditure w a s down, Soviet, expenditure was up further. T h r o u g h all the years" oi detente,' the expan sion of Soviet forces continued,

in the years since the war, the Soviet Union has had conventional military superiority, The use of that c o n v e n t ! α 1 military superiority was restrained bec a u s e for man y years the Americans had nuclear superiority, Now, the Soviet U nion can match American power in nu c l e a r a r m s , if h o t e x ceed it:

1 said in 1976 that, if the Soviet Union really wanted peace, it was up to it to give a sign to the whale world that that Was

its objective. We have had certain signs from the Soviet" Union: the building "Up of military facilities in'Vietnam; the signing of a defence treaty with Vietnam, shortly after w hich, the Vietnamese invaded Kampuchea with the moral and physical support of the Soviet Union; and, dix'ect support for the invasion, which

is now running at a cost of $ 1 , 0 0 0 million a y e a r .

Less than a year «go; the: Soviet, armies marched into Afghanistan; the largest and most, povzerful army in the world into an inoffensive and non-aligned country. The apologists for the Soviet Union said this was a defensive move - defensive against svhat.y What possible danger could Afghanistan pose to the might oi the Soviet Union? That, move southv.-ard took the Soviet Union

nearer the Indian Ocean, putting it in a strategic position to exert .its power against Pakistan or J ran if opportunities later presented themselves,

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The. United State3 issued a solemn to the Soviet Union that any further move would be regarded as a direct threat to the vital interests of the U.S, we have supported the United States in what it has done. We have supported them because we are an ally; because we have common and-shared objectives; - - because we are free societies v/hich jointly recognise that

freedom carries-with it obligations and responsibility. :

Although we are only 14 million people, wo support the U.S. because we cannot expect the U.S. alone to take these" actions upon which freedoms ,ultimately depend. We must: bo concerned tor our own future and for our children, and that is why we have offered to allow the n.s, to homo port or base port ships at Cockbprn Sound; to use transit facilities through our airfields. . .

On the other hand, Mr, daydon has indicated, plainly that if he had the opportunity he would repudiate any arrangements that we might make with the U.S. to home port in W.A. major elements, of the U.S, navy. Such a view would strike seriously at the defence

relationship with the U.S. Because of our need to contribute to a common effort, we are undertaking"greater surveillance in " tVio" Tmltavt :"Ocean; · · -’Because of ·our· -μ ο χ Κ μ i £ K G \\KJ&XX?-£P, wo have offered the United States access to our airfields under "' •^conditions- w h i c h . wilt mainta in Austral ion sovereignty. - u . · . : —

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We have given agreement in.principle to the passage of B--52s through Darwin. At the moment, American crews are on survoillance missions which extend for over 30 hours, Fatigue is considerable. The use of Darwin Airport will greatly assist . - t h e - U CS, Air . v b ' o r ' . o c . 4&.ί.·Î½·5ν4· · · ■ * , · · j i r >-ι*·ÎÎ³. · · -■>·,» >'·«··.-.. ■ < „.,y.j ■ „

Ti'ie Deputy header of the Australian Labor Party has made it plain that he opposes such an agreement. Because os: the need for regional defence, we-have revived the five power dofence treaty ■with Singapore, Malaysia, Britain arid New Zealand. All this is

working in co-operation 'with our friends and allies to maintain peace, to show that there arc free people p r epared to defend liberty, because we waist to avoid war; because wo want to avoid the mistakes of the 30s; because we want -security for our "children, do wo are expanding our defence forces.

Wo are providing greater arms for all services; substantially expanding the reserves;, and building up basic infrastructure, especially in -Western Australia - at Cpckburn Sound, at Dear-month, l and with a new strategic airfield at Derby, Our attitude is ■

clear, -What then is the attitude of the Ά.ϊ.,Ρ.? As T have f

already shown, theirs is far from clear. ft is far from j

supportive of the U.S. and our common causes. i

In 1973, speaking at a press conference in Manila, Mr. Hayden said: "Tho only Russian threat that r could see in the South Bast Asian areas was if Russian merchant ships -withdrew from the j

.Singapore shipyards and undermined the local economy -somewhat” ,. !


What:, an apologia for the Soviet Union. What foresight he h ad. 're 11 that to the Kampucheans denied their liberty and freedom by the combination of Vietnamese armies and Russian material' ■ support. Tell that to the Afghans dying from Russian steel. Toll that to the Poles who arc; struggling to establish some ’

degree of freedom within the monolithic communist empire, but under the shadow of the kind of retaliation which occurred against Hungary and Czechoslovakia. What foresight the Leader of the Opposition had. What an understanding of the course of

international events, 4

Let the Leader of the Opposition explain his attitude to all . those citizens of Australia who came to ns from Haatern Kurope· who have seen freedom destroyed in their own lands by the Soviet Union, But it is not only Mr. Hayden. Mr. Keating ,

asked, after the invasion of Afghanistan; "who v/cuid want Afghanistan?". The Soviet Union certainly d i d . Mr. Keating . cares not one bit for the; lives and liberties of one more country absorbed into the communist empire, -What about Senator Georges who says there is more morality in the Soviet ,JJnion ,than,.., Are . . w.q. allowc-1. to ,ask whose. .uide,..b.e....,._...

is on? And what about Mr, Hayden again who accused '

President Carter of reacting to the invasion of Afghanistan . because there was an election in the U .8.; as though the .

President had been responsible for the invasion.

-What, a surly way to treat a friend and ally. If was a shabby and cheap crack at the Presidency of the U.S. which indicates the thrust'of Mr. Hayden1s thinking. Did Hr. Hayden adopt that attitude to prevent the A.L.P, from reacting in fulL-bloodod opposition to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, .

And this thinking exists with a number of If.S , W . members of the A.L.P.; ’ Parliamentary supporters of Mr. Wran; the so-called moderates of the Labor Party. They put their signatures to an advertisement which called upon the termination of the AN?,US alliance; which demanded that Australian military expenditure should not be increased, . Such an advertisement demonstrates that

these feelings run deep within the A.L.P.

They indicate further that the Α.τ,.Ρ. is not a Party which can secure Australia* s partnership with our friends and allies in the difficult years ahead of us. And what of Senator Wri.udt, and Mr. Soho Los, who said that., "instead of concentrating on largely .

peripheral issues in Indo-China and Iran, the Prime Minister' would be better advised to concentrate on Australia ... neither issue could ... affect Australia's strategic position..." What do they say now of the war in Iran and Iraq? Vjho.t would they say if the Straits of Hormuz were blocked and all that oil was prevented

from getting to the consuming countries of the world?

what of .jot; nerinson who is well known in -Western Australia and for whom there is a great deal of respect. Ho said that, "...{his

Party's approach to Russian involvement in Afghanistan had mostly been superficial and misleading". That, ‘-fixe A.L.J?. could not be proud of its stand on what was a threat to the stability of the Middle Rash, and to world peace", No d o u b t , it is because of that kind of attitude; that hi; has failed to win pure -so Loci: ion for a

seat ih the federal Parliament, - -

Vi ί-Ι it


The of the Labor Parfy is clear enough; but there are other factors that we need to look at apart- from the. statements of those ."leaders, 71)c belt have gained groat domd nance in the Party in Victoria, The Social if; t. Left anti M r , · Hartley, the leader of the Social iat Left, have always been against the alliance with #the United Staten, ‘ .they arc 'people that Mr. Hawke calls the canker in the Labor Party, b\H: "whom eve?) Mr. llavrke is now accepting as inlluential within tine

Party. They arc who have said Mr, Hayden is the best leader for the Socialist Left.

The Bulletin has said, “Mr, Hayden has done more for the Socialist belt than they could ever have done for thcmscl ves“. Tim Socialist Left controls.the branches and policy commitrees in my State. They will, influence and control the directions “<>f foreign policy of any Labor Government, as they havc already

influenced M r. Hayden, hnd the . statements o£ Hr. Hayde-n, : senateasr-V?rd-ed·b·,-- H-t-·, · . SchrO-1 es-: and ..-Mr, . · · -Kca ting- made:· i t-.peri"oc11 y- clear that t-his is true. That is why Mr, Hayden could not. speak on defence in his policy- speech, That is why he cannot

ecmmtit· himself to a fu.l 1 -b.lcoded r.upport of the U.S. 'where. • their objectives arS- "shared and their interests arc held in common, That is why Mr. Hayden tried to undermine our approach to the'Soviet invasion of 1 ·. fcjhani st a n , That is one reason he

will be condemned on October IS.