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CHOGRM communique



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N E W S R E L E A S E

N O D23 D A T E ^ September 1980

CHOGRM COMMUNIQUE

Attached is the text of the communique issued on 8 September 1980 at the conclusion of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Regional Meeting:in New Delhi:

1.

FINAL COMMUNIQUE

THE SECOND MEETING OF COMMONWEALTH HEADS OF GOVERNMENT OF THE ASIA -PAC IFIC REGION WAS HELD IN NEW DELHI FROM 4 - 8 SEPTEMBER 1980. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT WHO ATTENDED THE MEETING WERE THE PRIME MINISTER OF AUSTRALIA, THE PRESIDENT OF BANGLADESH, THE PRIME MINISTER OF F I J I , THE PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA, THE PRESIDENT OF K IR IB A T I, THE

PRIME MINISTER OF MALAYSIA, THE PRESIDENT OF NAURU, THE PRIME MINISTER OF NEW ZEALAND, THE PRIME MINISTER OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA, THE PRIME MINISTER OF SINGAPORE, THE PRIME MINISTER OF SOLOMON ISLANDS, THE PRESIDENT OF SRI LANKA, THE PRIME MINISTER OF TONGA, THE PRIME MINISTER OF TUVALU, THE PRIME MINISTER OF VANUATU AND THE PRIME MINISTER OF WESTERN SAMOA. THE PRIME MINISTER OF IN D IA , SHRIMATI

INDIRA GANDHI, WAS IN THE CHAIR.

2. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT WELCOMED THE VALUABLE OPPORTUNITY PROVIDED BY THIS MEETING TO DISCUSS IN AN INFORMAL ATMOSPHERE MATTERS OF COMMON INTEREST TO THEM, INCLUDING PROBLEMS OF A GLOBAL NATURE. THEY AGREED THAT THERE WAS AMPLE SCOPE FOR A UNITED APPROACH TO MATTERS OF CONCERN TO ALL COUNTRIES OF THE REGION. THEY EXAMINED IN THIS CONTEXT VARIOUS SPECIFIC AND CONCRETE PROGRAMS AND PROPOSALS FOR PRACTICAL CO-OPERATION AMONG THE COUNTRIES REPRESENTED.

3 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT NOTED WITH PARTICULAR SATISFACTION THAT SINCE

THEIR LAST MEETING TWO YEARS ABO, FOUR MORE COUNTRIES I N ' THE PA CIFIC, WHO FOLLOWING THE ATTAINMENT OF INDEPENDENCE HAD BECOME MEMBERS OF THE COMMONWEALTH, WERE PARTICIPATING IN THIS MEETING, NAMELY SOLOMON ISLANDS, K IR IB A T I, TUVALU AND VANUATU. THEY FELT THAT THE PACIFIC

ISLAND COUNTRIES SHOULD BE ABLE TO LOOK WITH CONFIDENCE TOWARDS THE COMMONWEALTH IN PARTICULAR AND THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY IN GENERAL TO HELP THEM TO TACKLE THEIR SPECIAL PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT.

WORLD AND REGIONAL POLITICAL TRENDS

4. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT, RECOGNISING THE SIGNIFICANT IMPACT WHICH EVENTS AND DEVELOPMENTS SINCE THEY LAST MET HAD HAD ON THE PEACE AND STABILITY OF THE ASIAN REGION, REVIEWED THE CURRENT INTERNATIONAL STRATEGIC AND POLITICAL SITUATION. THEY NOTED WITH GRAVE CONCERN THE DETERIORATION IN THE OVERALL SITUATION, INCLUDING THE PROSPECTS OF

CONFRONTATION BETWEEN GREAT POWERS IN THE REGION. THEY ADDRESSED THEIR ATTENTION IN PARTICULAR TO THE CONSEQUENCES AND IMPLICATIONS OF THE CRISES IN AFGHANISTAN AND KAMPUCHEA. THEY ALSO NOTED THE INTENSIFICATION OF GREAT POWER MILITARY PRESENCE IN THE INDIAN OCEAN. RECOGNISING THE POLITICAL, SECURITY, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RAMIFICATIONS OF THESE EVENTS, HEADS OF GOVERNMENT STRESSED THE URGENCY OF THE RESOLUTION OF THE DIFFERENCES BY PEACEFUL MEANS. THEY REAFFIRMED THEIR CONVICTION THAI RELATIONS BETWEEN STATES SHOULD BE BASED ON RESPECT FOR SOVEREIGNTY, EQUALITY, INDEPENDENCE AND TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY. THEY AFFIRMED THE INADMISSABILITY OF THE USE OF FORCE IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND OF INTERVENTION AND

INTERFERENCE IN THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF STATES.

THE INDIAN OCEAN

5. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT NOTED WITH CONCERN THAT DESPITE THE EXPRESSED WISHES OF THE LITTORAL AND HINTERLAND STATES, GREAT POWER MILITARY PRESENCE IN THE INDIAN OCEAN HAS INCREASED AND THAT THERE HAS BEEN A DETERIORATION OF PEACE AND SECURITY IN THE INDIAN OCEAN AREA. THEY

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FURTHER NOTED WITH REGfifcf THAI RECENT EVENTS IN THE REGION, TOGETHER WITH THE WORSENING INTERNATIONAL SITUATION, HAVE CAUSED A FURTHER BUILD-UP Of GREAT . POWER t i l l MARY PRESENCE, WHILE REGRETTING THE SUSPENSION Vf THE B i t . A l t ^ A! TALKS ON ARMS L IM IT A T IO N IN THE INDIAN

OCEAN BETWEEN SHE GOV If; UNION AND THE UNITED STATES AND REAFFIRMING THEIR COMMITMENT TO THE. ULTIMATE ESTABLISHMENT OF A ZONE OF PEACE IN THE INDIAN OCEAN IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE 1971 UN DECLARATION, THEY CALLED UPON THE GREAT POWERS TO TAKE ACTIVE AND EFFECTIVE STEPS TO REMOVE EXISTING SOURCES OF TENSION IN THE AREA. IN THE ABSENCE OF SUCH STEPS PROGRESS TOWARDS SUCH A ZONE WOULD BE D IF F IC U L T . THEY EXPRESSED THE HOPE THAT 1 HE PROPOSED UN CONFERENCE ON THE INDIAN OCEAN IN SRI LANKA HEX! YEAR WOULD MAKE A POSITIVE CONTRIBUTION TO

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DECLARATION.

AFGHANISTAN

6 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT NOTED WITH GRAVE CONCERN THE SITUATION WHICH HAD DEVELOPED IN AFGHANISTAN AND AGREED THAT IT CARRIED DANGEROUS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PEACE, AND S T A B IL IT Y OF THE REGION. WHILE NOTING THAT THERE WERE DIFFERING PERCEPTIONS AS TO THE CIRCUMSTANCES LEADING

UP TO THE PRESEN I S ITU ATION , 1 HEY EMPHASISED THAT IF A POLITICAL SETTLEMENT ACCEPTABLE TO ALL INVOLVED AND AFFECTED PARTIES WAS NOT FOUND, A FURTHER DETERIORATION INCLUDING A P O S S IB IL IT Y OF GREAT POWER CONFRONTATION WAS UNAVOIDABLE, PENDING SUCH A SETTLEMENT THEY STRESSED THE NEED TO DE-ESCALATE TENSIONS. THEY EXPRESSED THEIR FULL SUPPORT FOR THE INDEPENDENCE, SOVEREIGNTY, TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY AND NON-ALIGNED STATUS Of- AFGHANISTAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES OF THE REGION. THEY URGED THE CONCERNED PARTIES TO WORK TOWARDS A SETTLEMENT WHICH WOULD ENSURE THAI THE AFGHAN PEOPLE WOULD DETERMINE THEIR OWN DESTINY

FREE FROM FOREIGN INTERFERENCE AND INTERVENTION.

KAMPUCHEA

7 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT EXPRESSED GRAVE CONCERN OVER THE PERSISTENCE OF FOREIGN INTERVENTION AND INTERFERENCE IN KAMPUCHEA, THE SITUATION WHICH EXISTED AFFECTED THE PEACE AND SECURITY OF THE WHOLE REGION. THEY WERE CONVINCED T H A I , 10 BRING ABOUT DURABLE PEACE AND S T A B I L I T Y

IN SOUTH-EAST A S I A , THERE WAS AN URGENT NEED FOR A COMPREHENSIVE POLITICAL. SOLUTION TO THE KAMPUCHEAN PROBLEM WHICH WOULD ENSURE THE SOVEREIGNTY, INDEPENDENCE AND NEUTRALITY OF KAMPUCHEA. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT WERE. CONVINCED OF THE NEED FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF FOREIGN FORCES FROM THAT COUNTRY. THEY WERE ALSO CONVINCED OF THE NECESSITY TO GREAT A CLIMATE OF PEACE AND SECURITY IN KAMPUCHEA WHICH WOULD ENABLE THE PEOPLE OF THAT COUNTRY TO DETERMINE THEIR FUTURE DESTINY FREE FROM OUTSIDE INTERFERENCE.

8 . URGING ALL STATES IN SOUTH-EAST ASIA- TO DEVELOP PEACEFUL, FRIENDLY AND HARMONIOUS RELATIONS, HEADS OF GOVERNMENT NOTED WITH APPROVAL THE EFFORTS BEING HADE FOR THE EARLY ESTABLISHMENT OF A ZONE OF PEACE, FREEDOM AND NEUTRALITY IN THE REGION AND CALLED UPON ALL STATES 10 LEND THEIR FULLEST SUPPORT TO THESE EFFORTS. THEY EXPRESSED THEIR CONVICT EON THAI A COMPREHENSIVE - P O LI T IC A L SOLUTION OF

THE KAMPUCHEAN 0 U E 5 1 I0 N WOULD CONTRIBUTE TO THE REALISATION OF SUCH A ZONE OF PEACE.

REFUGEES

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9 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT AGREED THAT AMONG 1 HE MOST PRESSING HUMANITARIAN ISSUES FAC IN 8 1 HEM «AS THE PLIGHT OF APPROXIMATELY TWO MILLIO N REFUGEES IN ’ HE. AS I AN REGION. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT COMMENDED INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS BE JNG UNDERTAKEN UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE UNITED NATIONS AS WELL A·· U l t IN D IV ID U A L EFFORTS BY VARIOUS COUNTRIES

TO ALLEVIATE T HE PLIGHT OF 1 HESt REFUGEES, INCLUDING WHERE POSSIBLE TO ENABLE THEM TO RETURN VOLUNT A R I L Y TO THEIR HOMELANDS. THEY NEVERTHELESS RECOGNISED THAT MUCH MORE NEEDED TO BE DONE TO ASSIST THE REFGUEES AND THE COUNTRIES G IVING THEM TEMPORARY SHELTER. THEY

ALSO EXPRESSED THE HOPE THAT THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY WOULD INTENSIFY ITS EFFORTS TO BRING RELIEF TO ALL PEOPLE IN THE REGION WHO HAVE SUFFERED UNTOLD RIGOURS OF FAMINE AND DEPRIVATION AND HAVE BEEN DISPLACED BY WAR, DISEASE AND HUNGER.

SOUTH P A C I F I C

1 0 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT. AGREED THAT REGIONAL CO-OPERATION COULD CONTRIBUTE S I G N I F IC A N T L Y 10 THE CAPA BILIT Y OF MEMBER STATES IN THE SOUTH P A C I F I C IN OVERCOMING THEIR PROBLEMS. THEY ALSO AGREED THAT I T WAS VI TA L FOR THE PLACE AND S T A B I L I T Y OF THE REGION THAT ALL PEOPLES OF THE SOUTH P A C I F I C WERE AFFORDED THE OPPORTUNITY TO EXERCISE THEIR RIGHT TO SELF-DETERMINATION AS L A ID DOWN IN THE UN CHARTER. THEY EXPRESSED THE CONVICTION THAT THIS RIGHT PRECLUDED INTERFERENCE BY ANY COUNTRY OR OUTSIDE ELEMENTS IN ANY' FORM.

ZIMBABWE

1 1 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT EXPRESSED DEEP SATISFACTION AT THE COMMONWEALTH'S SIGNIFICAN T ROLE IN ZIMBABWE'S ACCESSION TO FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE. THEY RECALLED THE BASIS FOR A P O L I T IC A L SETTLEMENT IN ZIMBABWE HAD BEEN L A I D AT 1 HE LUSAKA MEETING OF COMMONWEALTH HEADS

OF GOVERNMENT IN 197 9 AND THAI THE COMMONWEALTH HAS PLAYED A CENTRAL PART IN THE SUBSEQUENT PROCESSES WHICH LED TO FREE AND FA IR ELECTIONS AND INDEPENDENCE. THEY NOTED THAT ALL COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES OF THE A S I A - P A C I F I C REGION HAD CONTRIBUTED, IN VARIOUS WAYS, TO THIS NOTABLE ACHIEVEMENT WHICH HAD FURTHER STRENGTHENED THE COMMONWEALTH'S SOLIDARIT Y AND SENSE OF PURPOSE.

MIDDLE EAST

1 2 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT NOTED WITH DEEP CONCERN THAT THE SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST, INCLUDING RECENT DEVELOPMENTS, REMAINED C R I T I C A L , POSING A CONTINUING THREAT TO GLOBAL PEACE AND SECURITY. THEY REAFFIRMED THE NECESSITY OF URGENTLY SEEKING A JUST SETTLEMENT OF THE

PROBLEM ON THE BASIS OF THE RELEVANT RESOLUTIONS OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY AND THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE RECOGNITION OF THE LEGITIMATE AND INALIENABLE RIGHTS OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE.

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC ISSUES .

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC SITUATION

1 3 . HEADS OF GOVERNMEN1 REVIEWED THE TRENDS IN THE WORLD ECONOMY SINCE THEY LAST MET AND ASSESSED PRESENT PROSPECTS. THEY VIEWED WITH SERIOUS CONCERN THE WORLD ECONOMIC C R I S I S . THERE WAS A MARKED SLOWDOWN IN WORLD ECONOMIC A C T I V I T Y AND GROWTH, INCREASED

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UNEMPLOYMENT, HIGH LEVELS OE INFLATION, AMD AN UNPRECEDENTED BALANCE OF PAYMENTS PROBLEM. AT THE SAME TIME THEY FELT THAT THE WORLD ECONOMY WAS SO INTERDEPENDENT THAT COMMON ECONOMIC PROBLEMS COULD ONLY BE RESOLVED BY CONCERTED ACTION BY ALL COUNTRIES. THIS ALSO ENTAILED THE EXERTION OF THE NECESSARY POLITIC AL WILL ON THE PART OF THE DEVELOPED COUNTRIES.

14. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT STRESSED THAT THIS C R IS IS SITUATION, ESPECIALLY IN THE LIGHT OF ITS CONSEQUENCES FOR ECONOMIC WELFARE AND POLITICAL S T A B I L I T Y , DESERVED THE MOST URGENT ATTENTION BY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. INWARD LOOKING NATIONAL APPROACHES WOULD NOT ONLY PROVE INEFFECTIVE BUT COULD ALSO BE COUNTER PRODUCTIVE. BOLD

INTERNATIONAL ACTION INVOLVING THE WHOLE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY DESERVED SERIOUS CONSIDERATION. ' '

15. IN THIS CONNECTION, HEADS OF GOVERNMENT WELCOMED THE REPORT OF THE BRANDT COMMISSION ' ‘ A PROGRAM FOR SURVIVAL1 ' AND THE REPORT OF THE OMMONWEALTH GROUP OF EXPERTS, 'THE WORLD ECONOMIC C R I S I S " . THEY FELT THAT BOTH REPORTS WERE TIMELY AND COMPLEMENTARY AND THEIR EMPHASIS ON INTERDEPENDENCE AND MUTUALITY OF INTEREST IN STRUCTURAL CHANGE WAS A CONSTRUCTIVE RESPONSE TO THE PRESENT IMPASSE IN THE NORTH/SOUTH DIALOGUE AND THE NEED FOR BOLD AND IMAGINATIVE SOLUTIONS.

THEY COMMENDED THE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SERIOUS CONSIDERATION AND SUPPORT, AS APPROPRIATE, BY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY IN THE FORTHCOMING GLOBAL NEGOTIATIONS.

16. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT WELCOMED THE DECISION OF THE UN GENERAL ASEMBLY TO SET UP A NEW GLOBAL ROUND OF NEGOTIATIONS ON INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION IN 1 9 8 1 . IN THIS CONNECTION THEY URGED EVERY

CO-OPERATION 10 ENSURE. A SUCCESSFUL OUTCOME. AT THE CURRENT SPECIAL SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY. THEY EXPRESSED THE HOPE THAT THE GLOBAL ROUND WOULD USHER IN A NEW ERA OF FRUITFUL AND CONSTRUCTIVE NEGOTIATIONS IN THE 198 0"S AND THEY AGREED TO GIVE MAXIMUM SUPPORT TO ENSURING ITS SUCCESS. RECOGNISING THE NEED FOR' WIDE. SUPPORT AT THE HIGHEST PO LITIC AL LEVE.L, THEY ENDORSED THE RECOMMENDATION OF THE BRANDT COMMISSION FOR A LIMITE D AND RESPRESENTAT IVE INFORMAL SUMMIT.

17. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT REGARDED THE MOUNTING PAYMENTS DEFICITS OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND WIDENING GLOBAL PAYMENTS IMBALANCES AS ONE OF THE URGENT AND INDEED CRITICAL PROBLEMS FACING THE WORLD COMMUNITY. THEY STRESSED THAI GREATER INTERMEDIATION BY

INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITU TIO NS ' WAS CRUCIAL TO PROMOTING THE RECYCLING OF SURPLUSES., ENSURING GREATER PARTICIPATION BY THE LEAST DEVELOPED, MOST SERIOUSLY AFFECTED, THE LANDLOCKED AND THE ISLAND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.. AND FA CILIT ATING A SMOOTH ADJUSTMENT PROCESS.

IN THIS CONNECTION THEY DREW ATTENTION TO THE INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO THE RECYCLING PROCESS RECOMMENDED BY THE COMMONWEALTH EXPERTS GROUP AND COMMENDED IT FOR URGENT CONSIDERATION BY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY.

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18. HEADS Of- GOVERNMENT NOTED I HA! MANY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES HAD BEEN GRAVELY AF'FECT ED IN THE PAST YEAR BY A COMBINATION OF ADVERSE INTERNATIONAL FACTORS. THESE HAD CHEATED AN ACUTE BALANCE OF PAYMENTS PROBLEM, WHICH HAD CRITICALLY AGGRAVATED THEIR OVERALL ECONOMIC ' SITUATION. IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES AND, GIVEN THE DIFFICULTY OF THE LEAST DEVELOPED, MOST SERIOUSLY AFFECTED, LANDLOCKED AND ISLAND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN BORROWING ON ACCEPTABLE COMMERCIAL TERMS AND

CONDITIONS, THEY FELT THAT THERE WAS URGENT NEED TO AUGMENT SUBSTANTIALLY I HE FLOW OF FINANCIAL RESOURCES ON SUSTAINED CONCESSIONAL TERMS AND ON A PREDICATABLE LONG TERM BASIS. SUCH ASSISTANCE WAS IMMEDIATELY REQUIRED AS BALANCE OF PAYMENTS SUPPORT TO

MAINTAIN THEIR LEVEL OF ECONOMIC AC TIV ITY AND TO ACHIEVE EVEN MINIMAL DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES. AT THE SAME TIME, SIGNIFIC ANT ADDITIONAL ASSISTANCE, AS WELL AS APPROPRIATE DOMESTIC POLICIES WERE REQUIRED TO ENABLE THESE COUNTRIES TO MAKE NECESSARY MEDIUM TERM ADJUSTMENTS,

MORE EXPECIALLY BY DEVELOPING THEIR ENERGY POTENTIAL, BUILDING UP THEIR INFRASTRUCTURE, AND AUGMENTING THEIR EXPORT CAPACITIES.

TRADE POLICY

1 9 . RECOGNISING THAT FREER AND EXPANDING WORLD TRADE WAS AN AREA OF STRONG MUTUALITY OF INTEREST BETWEEN COUNTRIES, HEADS OF GOVERNMENT EXPRESSED CONCERN AT THE CONTINUING TREND OF RISING PROTECTIONISM AND THE POSSIBLITY OF A SUDDEN ESCALATION SHOULD THE RECESSION DEEPEN. THEY EXPRESSED THE BELIEF THAT POSITIVE ADJUSTMENT POLICIES AND THE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION ON THE ADVANTAGES OF FREER TRADE COULD GREATLY HELP GOVERNMENTS TO RESIST POLITICAL PRESSURES FOR

PROTECTIONISM. THEY AGREED TO SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL ACTION FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT AND MONITORING OF POSITIVE ADJUSTMENT POLICIES. THEY NOTED THAT ALTHOUGH SOME POSIT I'VE RESULTS OF SIGNIFICANT BENEFIT TO MAJOR DEVELOPED COUNTRIES WERE ACHIEVED IN THE RECENTLY CONCLUDED MULTILATERAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS, IN THE CONTEXT OF PRODUCTS OF EXPORT

INTEREST TO THE REGION THE RESULTS WERE FAR FROM SATISFACORY. IN THIS CONNECTION THEY NO 1 ED THE LACK OF ATTENTION GIVEN TO INCREASING QUATIT AT IVE RESTRAINTS AND OTHER NEW PROTECTIONIST DEVICES ADOPTED CONTRARY TO BOTH THE SPIRIT AND THE LETTER OF THE GATT, AND THE LIMITE D ATTENTION GIVEN 10 1 HE. LIBERATION OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE. THEY AGREED TO WORK TOGETHER IN SUPPORT OF EFFORTS TO SECURE BETTER ACCESS' FOR THEIR PRODUCTS IN THE MAJOR CONSUMING COUNTRIES. iV · · ·

2 0 . THEY R E I T E R A T E D T H E I R F A I T H I N THE PRESENT GATT RULES WHI CH

ALLOWED N E I T H E R S E L E C T I V E SAFEGUARDS NOR C O N D I T I O N A L MFN A C T I O N AND AGREED TO WORK TOGETHER TO ENSURE THAT THE SAFEGUARDS UNDER THE PRESENT SYSTEM WERE PRESERVED.

2 1 . THEY NOTED THAT THE N E G O T I A T I O N S ON THE FUTURE OF THE M U L T I - F I B R E

ARRANGEMENT WOULD SOON S T A R T . THE P A R T I C I P A T I N G COUNTRI ES AGREED THAT A RETURN T 0 THE P R O V I S I O N S OF THE O R I G I N A L MFA AND THE S E T T I N G

OF A 1 I ML L I M I T FOR THE ABANDONMENT OF THE MF A WAS THE MINIMUM DESIRABLE GOAL IN 1 HE NEGOTIATIONS.

COMMODITIES AND THE COMMON FUND

2 2 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT WELCOMED THE CONCLUSION OF NEGOTIATIONS WITHIN UNCTAD TO SET UP A COMMON FUND AND NOTED THE CONSTRUCIVE ROLE PLAYED BY PREVIOUS COMMONWEALTH FORA AND THE COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT, IN HELPING 10 BRING ABOUT A POS ITIVE OUTCOME.THEY AGREED TO CONTINUE WORKING TOGETHER CONSTRUCTIVELY IN SUPPORTING THE OPERATION OF THE FUND AND ITS FURTHER DEVELOPMENT. THEY VIEWED WITH

CONCERN THE SLOW PROGRESS IN NEGOTIATING NEW INTERNATIONAL COMMODITY AGREEMENTS AND THE RECENT SETBACKS IN RENEGOTIATING EXISTING AGREEMENTS, AND OFFERED THEIR FULL CO-OPERATION IN HELPING TO ENSURE FASTER PROGRESS IN SETTING UP IN1ERNATIONAL COMMODITY AGREEMENTS.

ECONOMICAL AND TECHNICAL CO-OPERATION AMONG DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

2 3 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT REAFFIRMED THE GROWING RELEVANCE OF ECONOMIC AND TECHNICAL CO-OPERATION AMONGST DEVELOPING COUNTRIES WHICH WOULD CONSTITUTE AN ADDITIONAL INPUT TO GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS. THEY STRESSED THAT SUCH CO-OPERATION REQUIRED ADEQUATE SUPPORT FROM THE DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES AND

INTERNATIONAL FINANCI AL INST HUT IONS. THEY OBSERVED THAT THE LACK OF INFORMATION AS TO THE C A P A B I L I T I E S OF THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES WAS A MAJOR IMPEDIMENT 10 SUCH CO OPERATION AND THEY URGED THE COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT TO GIVE ATTENTION TO MEASURES DESIGNED TO BRIDGE THE

INFORMATION GAP. THEY NOTED WITH APPRECIATION THAT THE SECRETARIAT WAS ALREADY MAKING EXTENSIVE USE OF THESE CAPABL-ITIES IN ITS PROGRAMS AND THEY ASKED IT TO MAKE- MAXIMUM USE OF THESE RESOURCES IN PROGRAMS

IN THE REGION.

REGIONAL ECONOMIC AMD FUNCTIONAL. CO-OPERATION '

REGIONAL TRADE

2 4 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT ACCEPTED THE RECOMMENDATIONS CONTAINED IN THE REPORT OF THE CONSUL TATIVE GROUP ON TRADE.

2 5 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT NOTED WITH CONCERN THAT PROTECTIONISM IS ON THE INCREASE, PARTICULARLY AGAINST THE LABOUR INTENSIVE OR LOWER COST EXPORTS OF COUNTRIES OF THE REGION. MOST DEVELOPING COUNTRIES HAVE SEVERE BALANCE OF PAYMENTS PROBLEMS AND NEED TO EXPAND EXPORTS

OPPORTUNITIES l OR THEIR COMPETITIVE PRODUCTS IN ORDER TO PAY FOR THEIR IMPORTS MAINLY FROM DEVELOPED COUNTRIES.

26. DEVELOPED'COUNTRIES AND, IN PARTICULAR, THOSE WHICH EXERCISE THE MAJOR INFLUENCE OVER WORLD TRADE, SHOULD NOT SEEK TO AVOID THE R E A L I T I E S OF INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS AND SHOULD MAKE A

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DETERMINED EFFORT TO LIBERALIS E TRADE THROUGH THE ADOPTION OF POSITIVE ADJUSTMENT PO LIC IES .

2 7 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT PAID PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO THE REFERENCE BY THE CONSULTATIVE GROUP 10 THE LONGSTANDING AND PERSISTENT PROTECTIONIST POLICIES OF THE MAJOR INDUSTRIALISED COUNTRIES AGAINST

COMPETITIVE EXPORTS OF INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS OF MEMBER COUNTRIES OF THE REGION. THEY CONSIDERED THAT THE GROUP SHOULD, AS A MATTER OF URGENCY, MAKE THESE POLICIES THE SUBJECT OF DETAILED EXAMINATION AND REPORT. THEY ALSO AGREED ON THE NEED FOR THE CONSULTATIVE GROUP TO EXAMINE AND REPORT ON MEASURES TO FA CILIT ATE THE LIBERALIS ATION OF TRADE WITHIN THE REGION, RECOGNISING THAT ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION BETWEEN MEMBER COUNTRIES NEEDED TO BE STRENGTHENED AS PART OF THE PROCESS OF IMPROVING ACCESS TO DEVELOPED COUNTRY MARKETS OF THE EXPORTS OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.

28. THEY DECIDED THAT THE GROUP'S TERMS OF REFERENCE SHOULD BE φ BROADENED TO INCLUDE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ISSUES IN ORDER THAT THE POTENTIAL FOR DEVELOPMENT OF MEMBER COUNTRIES MAY BE EXPLORED IN A MORE EFFECTIVE MANNER. THE ADDITIONAL TERMS OF REFERENCE ARE AS FOLLOWS:­

- STUDY MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL WAYS AND MEANS TO FACILITATE A BETTER USE OF RESOURCES, DIVERSIFY PRODUCTION AND OBTAIN MORE FRUITFUL SPECIALISATION TO PROMOTE INTERNATIONAL TRADE WITHIN THE REGION SPECIALLY WITH A VIEW TO ACCELERATING THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.

- EXPLORE AVENUES WHERE TWO OR MORE COUNTRIES MAY BE ABLE TO CO-OPERATE ON JOINT VENTURES AND ON PROJECTS WHICH WOULD MAXIMISE THE ECONOMIC AND TRADING OPPORTUNITIES OF THE COUNTRIES CONCERNED.

- EXAMINE P O SS IB ILITIES FOR MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL EXCHANGES IN SUCH AREAS AS PROJECT MANAGEMENT, DESIGN ENGINEERING FOR INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND MARKETING AMONG MEMBER COUNTRIES.

- EXAMINE WAYS OF IMPROVING THE EXPORT TRADE OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN COMMODITIES, SEMI-MANUFACTURES AND MANUFACTURES AND OF ENCOURAGING THE ADOPTION OF POSITIVE ADJUSTMENT POLICIES, ESPECIALLY BY DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, WHICH WILL FACILITATE THE REDEPLOYMENT OF INDUSTRIES ON THE BASIS OF COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE.

- PROMOTE MARKET PROMOTION AC TIVITIES WHICH AIM AT FACILITATING THE EXPANSION OF INIRARE6I0NAL TRADE. ■

INDUSTRIAL CO-OPERATION

29. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT RECOGNISED THE IMPORTANCE OF MUTUAL CO-OPERATION IN THE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION. THEY NOTED

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WITH SATISFACTION THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT UNIT (ID U) WITHIN THE COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT AND FELT THAT IT - PROVIDED A USEFUL VEHICLE FOR INDUSTRIAL CO-OPERATION AMONG MEMBER COUNTRIES. THEY FELT THAT THE UNIT COULD PLAY A POSITIVE ROLE IN

PROVIDING CATALYTIC INPUTS RELATING TO F E A S I B I L I T Y STUDIES, UPGRADING INDUSTRIES THROUGH TECHNICIAL, ENGINEERING AND MANAGERIAL SUPPORT AND F IL L IN G GAPS IMPEDING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF VIABLE PROJECTS. THEY NOTED THAT THE ROLE OF THE IDU WAS TO PROVIDE EXPERTISE AND SERVICES

TO COMPLEMENT THE A C T IV IT IE S OF OTHER INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES.

30. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT EXPRESSED THEIR APPRECIATION OF THE OFFERS OF ASSISTANCE MADE BY AUSTRALIA AND INDIA IN THE FORM OF FUNDS, EXPERTS, TECHNOLOGY AND OTHER SERVICES TO SUPPORT THE IDU AND FACILITATE SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF INDUSTRIAL PROJECTS IN THE REGION.

3 1 . THEY ACKNOWLEDGED THE NEED FOR MAKING SPECIAL EFFORTS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN THE a REGION AND FOR DRAWING UP SPECIAL SCHEMES FOR THIS PURPOSE. SUCH

" SCHEMES SHOULD BE RESPONSIVE TO THE PERCEPTIONS AND POLICIES OF THE INDIVIDUAL COUNTRIES THEMSELVES WITH REGARD TO THE COURSE OF THEIR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT. >

3 2 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT NOTED THAT THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK AND THE SOUTH PACIFIC BUREAU FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION WOULD BE UNDERTAKING AN INDUSTRIAL SURVEY TO IDENTIFY PROJECTS TO ENABLE ISLAND COUNTRIES TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE SOUTH PACIFIC REGIONAL TRADE AND ECONOMIC

AGREEMENT AND THAT THE GOVERNMENT OF AUSTRALIA HAD OFFERED TO PROVIDE A TEAM LEADER. ,

3 3 . WITH A VIEW TO PROVIDING A MEANS OF CONTINUING MUTUAL CO-OPERATION IN INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION, AND A CONTINUING FORUM FOR THE EXCHANGE OF IDEAS AMONG MEMBER COUNTRIES, HEADS OF GOVERNMENT DECIDED TO SET UP A WORKING GROUP ON INDUSTRY WITH THE FOLLOWING TERMS OF REFERENCE: .

(A) EXAMINE AND CONSIDER PROPOSALS FOR INDUSTRIAL CO-OPERATION φ AMONG MEMBER COUNTRIES INCLUDING:

( I ) ESTABLISHING AND ENHANCING C A P A B I L I T I E S FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AND TECHNICAL CO-OPERATION IN REGARD TO CONSULTANCY, ENGINEERING DESIGN, TECHNOLOGICAL DOCUMENTATION, TECHNOLOGICAL DOCUMENTATION, TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL STANDARDS AND RESEARCH·AND DEVELOPMENT, · ' ' . v

( I D TRAINING OF MANPOWER AND ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT AND,

( I I I ) ID E N T I F IC A T I O N AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SPEC IFIC PROJECTS OF INDUSTRIAL CO-OPERATION SUCH AS RESOURCE SURVEYS, PRE-INVESTMENT STUDIES, DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY SOURCES, AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF

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SMALL-SCALE AND LARGE INDUSTRIAL VENTURES,

(B) PROVIDE TO THE COUNTRIES CONCERNED ITS ASSESSMENT OF THESE PROPOSALS:

(C) INTERACT WITH THE 1DU IN THE WORK OF F A C IL IT A T IN G INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE REGION, AND

(D) UNDERTAKE SUCH OTHER ASSIGNMENTS AS MAY BE ENTRUSTED TO I T BY THE COMMONWEALTH HEADS OF GOVERNMENT REGIONAL MEETING.

3 4 . IT WAS DECIDED THAT PAPUA NEW GUINEA WOULD ACT AS THE CONVENOR OF THE WORKING GROUP.

ENERGY

3 5 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT CONSIDERED AND ENDORSED THE REPORT OF THE CONSULTATIVE GROUP ON ENERGY. THEY WELCOMED THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE REGIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES INFORMATION SYSTEM AS A VALUABLE CONTRIBUTION WHICH, INTER A L I A , WILL ASSIST IN IDENTIFYING PROBLEMS

CAUSED BY THE SHORTAGE OF ADEQUATE INFORMATION AND, IN MANY INSTANCES, THE ABSENCE OF SUFFICIENT NUMBERS OF ADEQUATELY TRAINED PERSONNEL. THEY UNDERLINED THE CRUCIAL CHARACTER WHICH THE QUESTION OF ENERGY HAD NOW ASSUMED IN THE GLOBAL SCENE. THEY STRESSED THE

IMPORTANCE GIVEN IN THE REPORT ΊΟ THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTEGRATED ENERGY SYSTEMS TO MEET SHE NEEDS OF EACH COUNTRY ON THE BASIS OF U T IL I S I N G LOCAL RESOURCES, IN PARTICULAR THOSE OF RENEWABLE ENERGIES. THEY AGREED THAT THE GROUP SHOULD INTENSIFY ITS A C T IV IT Y IN THE

PERIOD AHEAD AND NOT ONLY CONTINUE TO STRESS THE ISSUES ID E N TIFIE D IN THE SYDNEY COMMUNIQUE, BUT ALSO EXAMINE NEW I N I T I A T I V E S FOR THE WIDER U T IL IS A T IO N OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INCLUDING TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ON MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL TERMS. IN THIS REGARD THEY WELCOMED THE SUGGESTIONS MADE BY IN D IA TO MAKE AVAILABLE TRAINING F A C I L I T I E S IN INDIAN INSTITUTIONS TO S C IE N T IF IC AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL FROM OTHER COUNTRIES, TO SUPPLY PROTOTYPES OF DEVICES FOR THE U T IL IS A T IO N OF RENEWABLE ENERGIES AND TO MAKE AVAILABLE THE SERVICES OF SPECIALISTS IN THE FIELDS COVERED BY THE

REPORT. THEY ALSO AGREED THAT THE SCOPE OF THE GROUP'S A C T I V I T IE S SHOULD BE WIDENED TO INCLUDE CERTAIN ASPECTS OF CONVENTIONAL ENERGY AS PROPOSED IN THE REPORT OF THE GROUP.

3 0 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT TOOK PARTICULAR NOTE OF THE FACT, REVEALED IN THE GROUP'S REPORT, THAT A PAUCITY OF DATA AND A DIFFICULTY OF ACCESS WHERE DATA EXIST ARE IMPORTANT HANDICAPS TO ENERGY PLANNING AND TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT, PARTICULARLY IN THE SMALLER COUNTRIES. THEY THEREFORE WELCOMED THE WILLINGNESS OF IN D IA AND AUSTRALIA TO SUPPORT SUCH RESOURCE AND ENERGY NEEDS SURVEYS AS MIGHT BE REQUESTED. THEY ALSO REFERRED TO THE NEED TO PROVIDE INCREASED TRAINING AND OTHER TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, INCLUDING THE EXCHANGE OF PERSONNEL, IN

10.

ORDER 10 FACILITATE. THE IMPLEMENT A1 ION Of- ENERGY PROGRAMMES GEARED TO THE NEEDS OF THE COUNTRIES OF THE REGION. IN THIS CONNECTION THEY NOTED WITH SATISFACTION THAT THE GOVERNMENTS OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA AND AUSTRALIA HAD ANNOUNCED DURING THE MEETING THEIR INTENTION TO

CO-SPONSOR AN ENERGY PLANNING WORK SHOP IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA LATER THIS YEAR.

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

3 7 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT NOTED THAT A NUMBER OF COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES OF THE REGION HAD EXPERTISE AND EXPERIENCE IN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT WHICH COULD PROFITABLY BE HARNESSED FOR WIDER COLLECTIVE BENEFIT. THEY AGREED THAT WITH THE PROSPECT OF AN

INCREASING IMBALANCE BETWEEN FOOD SUPPLIES AND POPULATION GROWTH AND WITH OVERWHELMING DEPENDENCE ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AS MAJOR EXPORT EARNERS IN MANY COUNTRIES OF THE REGION, A GREATER CO-OPERATIVE EFFORT IN THIS AREA WOULD BE BOTH TIMELY AND BENEFICIAL.

3 8 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT CONSIDERED A NUMBER OF PROPOSALS PUT FORWARD φ BY THE PRESIDENT OF BANGLADESH AND, AS A CONSEQUENCE, REQUESTED THE SECRETARY-GENERAL TO APPOINT AN EXPERT STUDY GROUP (DRAWN FROM THE COUNTRIES OF THE REGION) TO EXAMINE AND RECOMMEND A PROGRAMME OF

ACTION DESIGNED TO ESTABLISH PURPOSEFUL COLLABORATION AMONG COUNTRIES OF THE REGION, INCREASE AND DIVERSIFY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING AND ALLEVIATE RURAL POVERTY THROUGH AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT, INCLUDING THE DEVELOPMENT OF F I S H E R I E S .

3 9 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT AGREED THAT IN IMPLEMENTING THEIR MANDATE, THE EXPERT STUDY GROUP SHOULD STUDY AND MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS RELATING TO:

A. MEASURES FOR AN INCREASED FLOW OF INFORMATION ON AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, WITH THE AIM OF F A C I L I T A T I N G THE TRANSFER AND EXCHANGE OF TECHNOLOGIES, RESEARCH MANAGEMENT, RESEARCH EQUIPMENT AND ADAPTIVE RESEARCH, TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE S P E C IF I C NEEDS OF EACH

COUNTRY:

^ B. A FRAMEWORK FOR GREATER CO-OPERATION AMONGST NATIONAL RESEARCH w INST ITUT IONS IN THE REGION, INCLUDING THE EXCHANGE OF RESEARCH SC IENT IST S AND OTHER EXPERTS,

C. APPROPRIATE MEASURES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN '' IN F O R M A TIO N B A N K " BASED ON EVALUATED EXPERTISE IN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND RELATED FIELDS IN COUNTRIES OF THE REGION,

D. JOINT PROJECTS BY NATIONAL INST ITUT ES IN APPROPRIATE RURAL TECHNOLOGIES, INCLUDING POST HARVEST STORAGE AND PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY:

E. REGIONAL CO-OPERA!ION IN THE PROTECTION OF NATIONAL RIGHTS AND THE EXPLOITATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF FISHERY RESOURCES IN THE NEW EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONES ( E E Z ) .

4 0 . IT WAS AGREED THAT FULL ACCOUNT SHOULD BE TAKEN BY THE GROUP OF SERVICES AND ASSISTANCE AVAILABLE THROUGH E X IS TIN G AGENCIES, INST ITU TIO NS AND BILATERAL A I D . THE STUDY GROUP WOULD SUBMIT ITS REPORT TO THE SECRETARY GENERAL AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE. IT WAS AGREED

THAT THE COSTS OF THE I N D I V I D U A L EXPERTS APPOINTED TO THE STUDY GROUP WOULD BE MET FROM WITHIN THE REGION.

I L L I C I T DRUGS

4 1 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT REVIEWED THE REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON I L L I C I T DRUGS WHICH DEALT WITH A SERIOUS PROBLEM AFFECTING HUMANITY AT LARGE IN A VARIETY OF WAYS. THEY RECOGNISED THAT DRUG ABUSE ON A PERVASIVE SCALE THREATENED THE SECURITY, S T A B I L I T Y AND RESILIENCE OF A NATION. THEY FURTHER NOTED THAT THIS WAS NOT MERELY A SOCIAL PROBLEM AND THAT THERE WAS A CLEAR L I N K BETWEEN DRUG TRAFFICKING AND OTHER TYPES OF ORGANISED CRIME, INCLUDING ILLEGAL TRAFFIC IN FIREARMS, WHICH COULD POSE A SERIOUS SECURITY PROBLEM IN SOME

COUNTRIES. THEY EXPRESSED THE HOPE THAT STEPS WOULD BE TAKEN BY THE CONCERNED MEMBER COUNTRIES FOR EARLY ADHERENCE TO THE UN CONVENTIONS OF 1961 (AS AMENDED) AND 1971 SO AS TO SECURE A UNIFORM BASIS FOR THE HARMONISATION OF NATIONAL DRUG LAWS WITHIN THE REGION. THEY REITERATED THE NEED TO FOSTER CLOSER CO-OPERATION AND TO EXPLORE THE P O S S I B I L I T Y OF ENACTING FRESH LEGISLATION OR AMENDING THE EXIST IN G L E G IS LA T IO N , WHERE NECESSARY, FOR THE EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE WORKING GROUP'S RECOMMENDATIONS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE E X IS TIN G INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL AGENCIES. THEY AGREED THAT THE GROUP SHOULD BE RECONVENED AT LEAST ONCE A YEAR.

TERRORISM

4 2 . THE REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE IMPORTANT SUBJECT OF TERRORISM WAS REVIEWED. IN ENDORSING THE REPORT, HEADS OF GOVERNMENT COMMENDED THE DEGREE OF CO-OPERATION WHICH WAS EVIDENT FROM THE INTERCHANGE AMONG O F F I C I A L S . THEY AGREED THAT REGIONAL MEMBER

COUNTRIES SHOULD TAKE APPROPRIATE ACTION IN THE LIGHT OF RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE GROUP AND KEEP IN CLOSE TOUCH DURING FORTHCOMING DELIBERATIONS ON THIS SUBJECT IN RELEVANT INTERNATIONAL BODIES.

ASSISTANCE FOR SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES

4 3 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT COMMENDED THE DESIRE OF P A C I F I C ISLAND COUNTRIES FOR GREATER SELF-RELIANCE THROUGH INCREASED MUTUAL CO-OPERATION AMONG THEMSELVES. THEY WELCOMED THEIR I N I T I A T I V E FOR A P A C I F I C REGIONAL ADVISORY SERVICE PROPOSED AT THE HONOLULU CONFERENCE

z 12.

IN MARCH 1 9 8 0 , THROUGH WHICH THEY WOULD ASSIST EACH OTHER IN PROVIDING FOR THEIR NEED FOR SPECIALIST SKILLS AND OTHER MANPOWER REQUIREMENTS. THE PROPOSAL FOR A PACIFIC REGIONAL ADVISORY SERVICE WAS FULLY CONSISTENT BOTH WITH THE COMMONWEALTH TRADITION OF MUTUAL HELP AND SELF RELIANCE AND WITH THE UNITED NATIONS CONCEPT OF

INCREASED TECHNICAL CO-OPERATION AMONGST DEVELOPING ISLAND COUNTRIES THEMSELVES. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT WELCOMED AUSTRALIA'S OFFER TO FINANCE AND TO ASSIST IN REGIONAL CONSULTATIONS ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE PROPOSED PACIFIC REGIONAL ADVISORY SERVICE.

ROLE OF THE COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT

4 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT EXPRESSED THEIR APPRECIATION FOR THE EFFECTIVE CONTRIBUTION BEING MADE TO REGIONAL CO-OPERATION BY THE COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT. THEY WERE CONFIDENT THAT THE SECRETARIAT WOULD CONTINUE TO BE RESPONSIVE TO REQUESTS FOR ASSISTANCE IN THE

PLANNING, DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF APPROPRIATE A C T IV IT IE S IN MEMBER COUNTRIES OF THE REGION. TO THIS END, THEY EMPHASISED THAT IT WOULD BE DESIRABLE FOR ALL CHOGRM PROGRAMMES TO BE DEVELOPED IN CLOSE

COLLABORATION WITH THE SECRETARIAT AND WITH THE SUPPORT OF ITS ^ PROFESSIONAL SERVICES IN ORDER TO ENSURE MAXIMUM HARMONISATION WITH ® OTHER RELEVANT COMMONWEALTH A C T I V I T IE S .

FUNDING

4 5 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT RECOGNISED THAT IF THE IMPETUS OF THE PROGRAMME FOR REGIONAL CO-OPERATION IS TO BE MAINTAINED, ADDITIONAL RESOURCES WILL BE REQUIRED BY THE COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT AND IN PARTICULAR THE CFTC FOR THE PROVISION OF THE ADDITIONAL SERVICES AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE. THEY UNDERTOOK TO CONSIDER SYMPATHETICALLY, IN CONSULTATION WITH THE SECRETARIAT, THE ADDITIONAL FUNDING REQUIREMENTS OF SPECIFIC A C T IV IT IE S .

CO-OPERATION WITH OTHER COUNTRIES AND ORGANISATIONS

4 6 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT EXPRESSED THE VIEW THAT REGIONAL CO-OPERATION SHOULD ALLOW FOR CO-OPERATION WITH NON-COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES AND ORGANISATIONS IN SPECIFIC A C T IV IT IE S WHERE THIS IS DESIRABLE. THEY AGREED THAT IN ORDER TO ENSURE A GREATER EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION FOR ^ MUTUAL BENEFIT, THE REPORTS OF THE CONSULTATIVE AND WORKING GROUPS W SHOULD BE MADE AVAILABLE TO RELEVANT REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL

ORGANISATIONS.

FOLLOW-UP ACTION

47. HEADS OF GOVERNMENT EXPRESSED THEIR SINCERE APPRECIATION TO THE CHOGRM CONSULTANT, MR KOELMEYER, THE COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT AND THE SOUTH PACIFIC BUREAU FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION, FOR MAINTAINING THE MOMENTUM TOWARDS GREATER CO-OPERATION AND CONSULTATION WHICH WAS

GENERATED BY THEIR FIRST MEETING. IN VIEW OF THE INCREASED NUMBER OF AREAS WHICH THEY HAD I D E N T I F I E D FOR EXPANDING THE FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THEM, THEY AGREED ON THE NEED TO CONTINUE AND STRENGTHEN THE LI A I S O N F A C I L I T I E S REQUIRED TO ENSURE APPROPRIATE FOLLOW-UP ACTION AND REQUESTED THE SECRETARY-GENERAL, I N CONSULTATION WITH MEMBER COUNTRIES AND SUBJECT TO THE A V A I L A B IL IT Y OF RESOURCES, TO MAKE AVAILABLE THE NECESSARY LIA ISO N F A C I L I T I E S .

APPRECIATION TO HOST GOVERNMENT

4 8 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT EXPRESSED APPRECIATION FOR THE EXCELLENT ARRANGMENTS MADE FOR THEIR MEETING BY THE INDIAN GOVERNMENT AND FOR THE WARM AND FRIENDLY HOSPITALITY THEY RECEIVED FROM THE INDIAN GOVERNMENT AND PEOPLE.

4 9 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT EXPRESSED SATISFACTION WITH THE PROGRESS MADE IN THEIR REGIONAL I N I T I A T I V E S SINCE THEIR FIRST MEETING IN SYDNEY IN FEBRUARY 1978 AND WITH THE CONTRIBUTION THEIR REGIONAL CO-OPERATION HAS MADE TO THE STRENGTHENING OF THEIR COMMONWEALTH BONDS AND THE

COMMONWEALTH ASSOCIATION AS A WHOLE. THEY ASKED THE CHAIRMAN TO CONVEY THESE SENTIMENTS TO ALL OTHER COMMONWEALTH HEADS OF GOVERNMENT.

NEXT MEETING

5 0 . HEADS OF GOVERNMENT ACCEPTED WITH PLEASURE AN IN V I T A T IO N FROM THE PRIME MINISTER OF F I J I TO MEET AGAIN IN SUVA IN 1 9 8 2 .