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Australia and Europe - a give and take relationship



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Date THE HON. ANDREW PEACOCK M.P.

M36 cv 1 June 1979

EMBARGOED 12.30 P.M. FRIDAY 1 JUNE 1979

AUSTRALIA AND EUROPE - A GIVE AND TAKE RELATIONSHIP

The following isithe text of the speech by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr Andrew Peacock, to the German Chamber of Industry and Commerce in Sydney on 1 June 1979.

ADDRESS BY HON, ANDREW PEACOCK, MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS

TO THE GERMAN CHAMBER OF INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE, SYDNEY, 1 JUNE

"AUSTRALIA AND EUROPE - A GIVE AND TAKE RELATIONSHIP"

Au s t r a l i a ' s r e l a t io n s w it h t h e F e d e r a l. Re p u b l ic of

Germ any p r o v id e a good e x a m p l e o f t h e b r e a d t h of t h e

R E LATIO NS HIP AND T R A D IT IO N A L T I E S BETWEEN A U STR ALIA AND

THE COUNTRIES OF WESTERN EUROPE, D E S P ITE THE DISTANCE THAT

SEPARATES OUR TWO CONTINENTS,

Mig r a t io n has b e e n an e s s e n t ia l f o u n d a t io n to t h e

RELATIO NSHIP. GERMAN SETTLERS WERE WELL REPRESENTED IN

THE FIRST WAVE OF SETTLERS IN AUSTRALIA, PARTICULARLY IN

So u t h Au s t r a l i a . At f e d e r a t io n t h e r e w ere n e a r l y 40,000

SETTLERS OF GERMAN ORIGIN IN AU STR ALIA. NEARLY 300,000 ' , e ' * '

• Germ an s e t t l e r s a r r iv e d in Au s t r a l ia s in c e 1945, T he

CONTRIBUTION OF THESE SETTLERS TO THE ENRICHMENT OF OUR ’

SOCIETY AND TO A L L ASPECTS OF A U S T R A L IA 'S ECONOMIC

DEVELOPMENT HAS BEEN IMMENSE.

Th e CONTRIBUTION HAS BEEN COMPLEMENTED BY A

S IG N IF IC A N T GROWTH IN OUR B IL A T E R A L DEALINGS WITH THE

F e d e r a l Re p u b l ic of Ge r m a n y . Th e F e d e r a l Re p u b l ic i s now

Au s t r a l i a ' s seco nd l a r g e s t t r a d in g p a r t n e r in We s t e r n Eu r o p e .

Au s t r a l ia n s e x p o r t s to t h e FRG a r e now v a l u e d a t a b o u t

$400 m i l l i o n a y e a r . Our im p o r t s fro m We s t Ger m a n y h a v e

b e e n r i s i n g a n d a m o u n t to over $750 M ILLIO N a y e a r ·.

, - 2 - .' '

D ir e c t German in v e s t m e n t in Au s t r a l ia am o u n ts t o o v e r . .

$50 M ILLIO N A YEAR AND, SO FAR AS I AM INFORMED, THERE ARE

MORE THAN 80 WEST GERMAN COMPANIES ENGAGED IN BUSINESS IN

Au s t r a l ia thro ug h d ir e c t in v e s t m e n t s , I u n d e r s t a n d t h a t

some 300 Au s t r a l ia n a n d German c o m p a n ie s a r e a s s o c ia t e d

w it h t h is Cham ber o f I n d u s t r y a n d Commerce - e v id e n c e of

THE ALREADY CLOSE L IN K S BETWEEN AUSTRALIAN AND GERMAN

in d u s t r y , T he s u c c e s s f u l v i s i t to Au s t r a l ia l a s t y e a r b y

Dr Sc h e e l, t h e Pr e s id e n t of t h e F e d e r a l Re p u b l ic , a n d t h e

v i s i t in March t h i s y e a r b y t h e d e l e g a t io n . from t h e Fe d e r a t io n

of German I n d u s t r y (B D I) f u r t h e r s t r e n g t h e n e d our c l o s e .

b i l a t e r a l t i e s , ■

Ce n t r a l to Au s t r a l i a ' s f o r e ig n p o l ic y p r e o c c u p a t io n s ,

TOGETHER WITH IT S REGIONAL CONCERNS, IS THE IMPORTANCE I T

ATTACHES TO ITS ID E N T IT Y OF INTEREST WITH THE DEMOCRATIC

NATIONS OF THE WEST, OF WHICH THE FRG IS ONE OF THE MOST

PROMINENT, THE NATIONS OF EUROPE HAVE BEEN AN HISTORIC / .

so urc e of Au s t r a l i a ' s t e c h n o l o g ic a l p r o g r e s s , e c o n o m ic

DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL ACHIEVEMENT, VIE CONTINUE TO BENEFIT

GREATLY FROM T H IS TR A D ITIO N A L RELATIO N S H IP, . .

B u t t h e r e l a t io n s h ip i s c h a n g in g , Eur o p e h a s a new

SENSE OF PURPOSE AND UNITY AND A U S T R A L IA 'S RELATIONS WITH

Europe h a v e b e c o m e more c o m p l e x .

- Change h a s m ade Euro pe n e it h e r l e s s im p o r t a n t for us

· \ * ■

NOR OF LESS INTEREST TO US, RATHER I T HAS REQUIRED US TO

BRING A NEW R E A L IT Y TO OUR APPROACH TO EACH OTHER - A RECOGNITION

THAT THE RELATIO NSHIP MUST HAVE GIVE AND TAKE FOR BOTH S ID E S ,

Eur o p e i s now e m e r g in g fro m t h e f i r s t s t a g e of i t s

LONG PROGRESS TOWARDS GREATER U N IT Y , THE ELECTION OF A

Eu r o pean p a r l ia m e n t d u r in g t h i s m o nth m ay b e se e n a s t h e

CULMINATION OF THE IN IT IA L PHASE OF EUROPEAN COOPERATION

WHICH COMMENCED WITH THE NEGOTIATIONS WHICH RESULTED IN THE

T r e a t y of Rome i n 1 9 5 7 , Af t e r a p r o c e s s w h ic h h a s t a k e n

20 YEARS THE COURSE OF EUROPEAN COOPERATION APPEARS TO BE

FIRMLY ESTABLISHED, ■

Th i s h a s b e e n a p e r io d i n w h ic h t h £ Eu r o pean

ECONOMY HAS BEEN STRENGTHENED AND RELATIONS BETWEEN THE

MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY HAVE BECOME

CHARACTERISED BY COOPERATION RATHER THAN COMPETITION,

T he We s t e r n w orld can a p p l a u d t h e v i s i o n of t h e

FATHERS OF EUROPEAN U N ITY . A CONTINENT PLAGUED BY CENTURIES

OF NATIONAL CONFLICT HAS BEEN TRANSFORMED INTO AN

INTERNATIONAL PROTOTYPE OF ECONOMIC AND P O LITIC A L COOPERATION.

T he work of Mo n n e t , Sc h u m a n n, a n d Ad e n a u e r h a s b e e n b u i l t .

UPON BY NATIONAL LEADERS SUCH AS W lL L I BRANDT, PRESIDENT

G is c a r d d 'E s t a in g a n d Ch a n c e l l o r Sc h m id t , T he im p r e s s iv e

RESULTS OF REGIONAL COOPERATION IN EUROPE NOW LEAD OTHER

COUNTRIES TO SEE THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY AS A MODEL IN THEIR

OWN EFFORTS TO ACHIEVE PROGRESS AND PROSPERITY THROUGH

REGIONAL COOPERATION, AND I WISH TO EMPHASISE HERE THAT

THERE SHOULD BE NO SUGGESTION THAT OUR STRONG OPPOSITION

TO SOME ASPECTS OF EUROPEAN POLICY IM PLIES WE HAVE DOUBTS

ABOUT THE MERITS OF GREATER EUROPEAN COOPERATION. INDEED

A u s t r a l ia is a f ir m s u p p o r t e r o f t h e Eu r o p e a n Co m m u n it y a s an

INSTITUTIO N SERVING BROAD WESTERN OBJECTIVES,

Our common in t e r e s t i n t h e p r e s e r v a t io n of d e m o c r a t ic

VALUES ALSO DICTATES A CLOSENESS TO EUROPE, EUROPE IS ONE

r e g io n where a m a j o r it y of Go v e r n m e n ts a r e c o m m it t e d t o

DEMOCRATIC IN S TITU TIO N S , THE PRESERVATION OF IN D IV ID U A L

LIBERTY AND THE RULE OF LAW. W e DO NOT SEE OUR RELATIONS

w it h Europe s im p l y in term s of t r a d e a n d e c o n o m ic s . T h e s e

ARE IMPORTANT, SUBSTANTIVE AND VERY V IS IB L E ASPECTS OF THE

RELATIONSHIP AND I W ILL ALLUDE TO THEM SHORTLY, / : HOWEVER,

OUR COMMON IDEALS AND OUR MUTUAL COMMITMENT TO PROGRESS IN

t h e We s t s t i l l s h a p e Au s t r a l ia ' s bro ad a t t it u d e s to Eu r o p e .

I t w ould, t h e r e f o r e , b e a m a t t e r of v e r y g r e a t co nc ern i f

TENSION AND DISPUTE OVER COMMERCIAL RELATIONSHIPS SHOULD

GENERATE P O LIT IC A L D IV IS IO N S WITHIN THE WEST. TH IS IS A

FACTOR OF GREAT IMPORTANCE NOT ONLY TO AUSTRALIA'S RELATIONS

WITH ITS DEVELOPED COUNTRY PARTNERS BUT IS ALSO A KEY ASPECT

OF OUR VIEW OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NORTH AMERICA, EUROPE

a n d J a p a n - t h e We s t ' s t h r e e g r e a t e c o n o m ic a n d p o l i t i c a l

.CENTRES OF POWER.

A FREE INTERCHANGE BETWEEN THE SOCIETIES OF EUROPE

a n d Au s t r a l ia in c u l t u r a l r e l a t io n s , f a m il y t i e s , i n d i v i d u a l

AND BUSINESS CONTACTS, IS THE MAIN CHARACTERISTIC OF OUR

RELATIONSHIP. THESE EXCHANGES, LARGELY OUTSIDE GOVERNMENT

CONTROL, AND LARGELY TAKEN FOR GRANTED, BEAR TESTIMONY TO

A MATURE AND SELF-GENERATING RELATIONSHIP, AND IT IS F IT T IN G

THAT IN A FORUM SUCH AS T H IS , I SHOULD GO INTO SOME DETAIL

ABOUT OUR V i’ EWS ON THE TRADE ASPECT OF THAT RELATIONSHIP.

- 5 -

As I SAID EARLIER, THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY

p ,IS-NOW OUR SECOND LARGEST TRADING PARTNER IN WESTERN EUROPE.

T he FRG, F r a n c e a n d I t a l y , i n a d d it i o n to Br i t a i n , w i l l a l m o s t

CERTAINLY BE LARGE MARKETS FOR AUSTRALIAN URANIUM AND OTHER

ENERGY RESOURCES.

•Au s t r a l ia ' s o f f i c i a l r e l a t io n s w it h t h e Eu r o pean

Co m m u n it y over t h e p a s t two y e a r s h a v e b e e n l a r g e l y

PREOCCUPIED WITH TRADE CONSIDERATIONS - IN PARTICULAR, ACCESS

FOR OUR AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS AND THE DISTORTIONS THAT

Co m m u n it y " r e s t it u t io n s " h a v e c a u s e d in t h ir d c o u n tr y m a r k e t s .

I n 1977 Au s t r a l ia a s k e d t h e Co m m u n it y for a j o i n t e x a m in a t io n

OF THE STATE OF OUR TRADE RELATIONS, THE AUSTRALIAN

Go v e r n m e n t p u t forward v a r io u s p r o p o s a ls t o p r o v id e for more

e q u it a b l e c o n d it io n s for Au s t r a l ia n e x p o r t s to th e Co m m u n it y

TO BRING THE LEVEL OF TRADE INTO A MORE REASONABLE BALANCE.

IN MERCHANDISE TRADE, THE BALANCE IN THE FINANCIAL YEAR

• 1977/78 was $A1.1 b i l l i o n in t h e Co m m u n it y ' s f a v o u r , a n d i f

IN V IS IB L E S LIK E SHIPPING AND INSURANCE WERE ADDED, THE FIGURE

WAS AROUND $2 B IL L IO N .

Au s t r a l i a ' s c a m p a ig n τ ο a c h ie v e b e t t e r a c c e s s for

OUR PRODUCTS IN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY WAS PRESSED VIGOROUSLY

AT ALL LEVELS IN BOTH BILATERAL AND MULTILATERAL FORUMS.

T h e s e e f f o r t s were not c o n c e r n e d t o s t r ik e a t t h e c e n t r a l

STRUCTURE OF THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY (C A P ), BUT TO

SEEK CHANGES AT THE MARGIN.

» ' ' ' '' .

‘ i , i 7 6

I BELIEVE MANY OF US WERE DISAPPOINTED THAT MORE COULD

NOT BE ACHIEVED IN THE RECENT ROUND OF MTN NEGOTIATIONS, BUT

THEY COINCIDED WITH A PERIOD OF CONSIDERABLE D IF F IC U LT IE S IN

THE ECONOMIES OF VIRTUALLY ALL THE PR IN CIPAL PARTICIPANTS AND

IT IS SOMETHING THAT THE UNDER-CURRENT OF PROTECTIONISM WAS

AT LEAST HELD AT BAY, THERE IS NO DOUBT THAT THOSE D IF F IC U L T IE S ,

AND THE VERY DANGEROUS PROTECTIONIST PRESSURES THEY HAVE

ENGENDERED, HAMPERED THE NEGOTIATIONS AND MEANT THAT GREAT

EFFORTS HAD TO BE MADE TO ACHIEVE EVEN THE .LIM ITED RESULTS

THAT EMERGED, As TO THE OUTCOME OF OUR NEGOTIATIONS WITH

t h e Co m m u n it y I w elcom e t h e a d r e f e r e n d u m s e t t l e m e n t t h a t was

ACHIEVED EARLIER TH IS WEEK IN CANBERRA, To HAVE FAILED TO

REACH AN AGREEMENT AFTER SO MUCH EFFORT ON OUR SIDE WOULD HAVE

CAST A REAL SHADOW OVER OUR RELATIONS WITH THE COMMUNITY, .

VIE CAN NOW GO FORWARD TO BUILD ON THE RELATIONSHIP, NOT ONLY

IN THE COMMERCIAL AREA OF THE RECENT NEGOTIATION, BUT IN OTHER

FIELDS WHICH ARE OF AT LEAST EQUAL IMPORTANCE. ViCE-PRESIDENT '

Gu n d e la c h SAID THAT HE HAD COME HERE NOT PRIMARILY TO MAKE ·

AN ARRANGEMENT INVOLVING A FEW M ILLIO N DOLLARS OF TRADE BUT. ·'

TO REINFORCE THE TIE S OF REAL INTEREST THAT EXIST BETWEEN

Eur o pe a n d Au s t r a l i a . I a p p l a u d h i s s t a t e s m a n l ik e a p p r o a c h

TO THE RELATIONSHIP AND I BELIEVE WE MUST RESPOND BY REVIVING .

A MORE MEANINGFUL AND WIDER RANGE OF CONTACTS WITH EUROPE,

A RETREAT BEHIND WALLS OF PROTECTION DOES NOT S IT

WELL WITH THE EUROPEAN CHARACTER, I AM MINDFUL OF THE

FACTORS, OFTEN THE RESULT OF INTERNAL P O LIT IC A L CONSIDERATIONS,

WHICH HAVE LED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A CERTAIN EXCLUSIVITY

- 7 - >

i n -E u r o p e ' s e c o n o m ic d e a l in g s , w h ic h i s il l u s t r a t e d b y i t s

WILLINGNESS TO PROPOSE THE LOWERING OF TARIFFS ON INDUSTRIAL

PRODUCTS WHILE THROWING UP ALMOST, INPENETRABLE BARRIERS FOR

PRIMARY PRODUCTS,

The m em bers of t h e Eu r o p e a n Co m m u n it y a n d Au s t r a l ia

HAVE A GREAT AMOUNT TO OFFER EACH OTHER IN THE ECONOMIC

s p h e r e . Au s t r a l ia i s r ic h in t h e m in e r a l r e s o u r c e s w h ic h

Euro pe la c k s and t h e r e a r e v a s t p o s s i b i l i t i e s o pen to t h e

Co m m u n it y to s u p p l y . Au s t r a l ia w it h c a p i t a l goods a n d t e c h n o l o g y

T he Euro pean Co m m u n it y i s h e a v i l y d e p e n d e n t upon

IMPORTED MINERALS AND ENERGY, ΪΤ CURRENTLY OBTAINS LARGE.........

QUANTITIES OF MINERALS FROM PO LITIC A LLY VOLATILE REGIONS,

i n Af r i c a , So uth Am e r ic a and t h e Mid d l e Ea s t . T he 1973 o i l

C R IS IS AND MORE RECENTLY THE UPHEAVAL IN IRAN HAVE BROUGHT

home to Eur o p e it s v u l n e r a b il it y a n d d e p e n d e n c e on t h e -

A V A IL A B IL IT Y OF IMPORTED MINERAL AND ENERGY RESOURCES,

Ac c o r d in g l y EC c o u n t r ie s h a v e r e c o g n is e d t h e u r g e n t n e e d t o

DIVERSIFY THEIR SOURCES OF SUPPLY.

Au s t r a l ia w i l l t h e r e f o r e h a v e an in c r e a s in g im p o r t a n c e

fo r t h e Eur o pean Co m m u n it y a s a s t a b l e a n d lo n g t e r m s u p p l ie r

OF A CONSIDERABLE RANGE OF MINERALS, PARTICULARLY URANIUM AND

COALS.

. . . / 8

- 8 -

I HAVE ALREADY EXPLAINED THAT AUSTRALIA SEES ITS

COMMON INTERESTS WITH EUROPE NOT ONLY IN THE BILATERAL

CONTEXT BUT ALSO IN RELATION TO THE PROTECTION OF WESTERN

INTERESTS AS A WHOLE, ΪΗ Ε EUROPEAN COMMUNITY HAS BECOME/THE

FOCUS OF CHANGE IN EUROPE AND IN EUROPE'S RELATIONS WITH THE

REST OF THE WORLD. ΪΗ Ε EUROPEAN COMMUNITY, AS PRESENTLY,

CONSTITUTED, EMBRACES ABOUT 10% OF THE WORLD'S POPULATION,

i t p r o d u c e s Ab o u t 20% of t h e g l o b a l GNP and i s t h e w o r l d ' s

LARGEST TRADING BLOC ACCOUNTING FOR ALMOST· 40% OF WORLD TRADE,

I n t h e e a r l y d a y s o f i t s e x i s t e n c e , t h e Eu r o p e a n

Co m m u n it y m a n a g e d t o a c h i e v e w h a t S i r Andrew Sh o n f i e l d , t h e

for m er Dir e c t o r o f t h e Ro y a l I n s t i t u t e of I n t e r n a t i o n a l

Af f a i r s i n Lon d on d e s c r i b e d a s a " k i n d of i l l u s i o n of p r i v a c y

W ITHIN THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM", ITS MEMBER STATES, . - \ _

ACCORDING TO S H O N F I E L D , " T R E A T E D THE# OFTEN Q U I T E PROFOUND

EFFECTS WHICH THE ARRANGEMENTS THEY MADE WITH ONE ANOTHER HAD

ON THE REST OF THE WORLD AS IF THEY WERE SUBSIDIARY MATTERS

OF NO PARTICULAR CONCERN TO THEM: AND BEHAVED FOR MUCH OF

THE TIME RATHER AS THOUGH THEY WERE BEING INSIDE A CHARMED

CIRCLE BOUNDED ENTIRELY BY THEIR OWN PROBLEMS AND

p r e o c c u p a t i o n s " , ··

I AM WELL AWARE OF THE D IF F IC U LT IE S AND INTENSE

NEGOTIATIONS WHICH HAVE BEEN NECESSARY TO ARRIVE AT THE

PRESENT SITUATION IN EUROPE, THE PAST 20 YEARS HAVE SEEN

THE NATIONS OF EUROPE FOCUSSING THEIR ENERGIES ON THE

ACHIEVEMENT OF GREATER COOPERATION IN INTERNAL EUROPE AFFAIR S,

- ,/9

W e can u n d e r s t a n d t h a t t h i s f o c u s was a n e c e s s a r y ,

ACCOMPANIMENT TO THE EFFORTS REQUIRED TO ACHIEVE THE PRESENT

RESULT, I B E LIE V E , HOWEVER, THAT EUROPE, AS IT GOES INTO

THE NEXT STAGE OF ITS PROGRESS TOWARDS COOPERATION AND U N ITY ,

SHOULD ADOPT A MUCH MORE OUTWARD LOOKING APPROACH IN ITS

RELATIONS WITH THE REST OF THE WORLD. IT MUST USE ITS

PROSPERITY AND ITS GREAT INTELLECTUAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL

CAPACITY TO SUPPORT EFFORTS TO STRENGTHEN WESTERN INTERESTS,

AND TO ENCOURAGE PROGRESS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. .

Au s t r a l ia h a s n o t b e e n h e s it a n t to p r o c l a im i t s

COMMITMENT TO WESTERN IDEALS AND TO THE PRESERVATION OF

DEMOCRACY , W e HAVE ALSO WORKED HARD IN OUR REGION FOR THE

SORT OF S T A B IL IT Y AND PROGRESS WHICH I BELIEVE IS AS MUCH IN

E ur o pean in t e r e s t s a s our own. W e t h e r e f o r e f e e l j u s t i f i e d

IN LOOKING TO EUROPE TO ACCEPT ITS GLOBAL R E S P O N S IB ILITIE S

.AND ALSO TO HELP TO BUTTRESS OUR OWN EFFORTS IN TH IS PART

OF THE WORLD. '

1 MENTIONED EARLIER THAT THE UNITED STATES, JAPAN

a n d t h e Eu r o p e a n Co m m u n it y form a t r ia n g u l a r c o n c e n t r a t io n

OF ECONOMIC POWER IN THE WESTERN WORLD. I n THE INTERESTS

of t h e We s t e r n a l l i a n c e g e n e r a l l y a n d i n t h e in t e r e s t of

S T A B ILIT Y IN THE ASIAN REGI0N, IN PARTICULAR, IT IS IMPORTANT

t h a t J a p a n d o e s n o t b e c o m e is o l a t e d or c o n f r o n t e d w it h i n t h e

We s t e r n world or a s s e s s t h a t t h e a d v a n c e d i n d u s t r ia l w orld

IS SO CONSTRUCTED t o p r e c l u d e o p p o r t u n it ie s for i t s a d v a n c e m e n t .

- 10 -

' ' · · \ ■ . ■ · · '

T h e Co m m u n it y i s J a p a n ' s seco nd l a r g e s t e x p o r t m a r k e t a n d t h e

POSITION IT ADOPTS ON TRADE WITH JAPAN COULD BE CRUCIAL TO

J a p a n ' s economy a n d t h e f u t u r e o f Ja p a n ' s o pen a n d d e m o c r a t ic

s o c i e t y , '

T he Eu r o p e a n Co m m u n it y can p l a y an im p o r t a n t r o le in

PROMOTING S T A B IL IT Y IN THE ASIAN AND P A C IF IC REGIONS - AS A

TRADING PARTNER, AN A ID DONOR, A SOURCE OF INVESTMENT FUNDS

AND A SOURCE OF MUCH NEEDED S C IE N T IF IC AND TECHNOLOGICAL

e x p e r t i s e . T h e a t t it u d e t h e Co m m u n it y a d o p t s to t h e

\ ? ..

MANAGEMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC SYSTEM, ITS TRADING

P O LIC IE S , ITS PO LICIES ON FUELS AND RAW MATERIALS AND ON THE

TRANSFER OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY W ILL HELP TO SHAPE AUSTRALIA'S

IMMEDI ATE STRATEG IC ENVIRONMENT. ΪΗ Ε COMMUNITY'S - IMPACT ON

THE REGION MAY BE INDIRECT BUT THE STRATEGIC CONSEQUENCES

W ILL NONE THE LESS BE IMPORTANT.

I RECIPROCATE THE HOPES RECENTLY EXPRESSED IN A

DEBATE IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT THAT AUSTRALIA AND EUROPE

W ILL BE ABLE TO MAINTAIN AN INCREASINGLY FRIENDLY AND OPEN

DIALOGUE. I AM FIRMLY CONVINCED THAT CLOSE ECONOMIC AND

P O LIT IC A L LINKS ARE BOTH NECESSARY AND ATTAINABLE. RECENT

CONTACTS AT THE HIGHEST LEVEL HAVE SHOWN THAT THERE IS NO

SHORTAGE OF GOOD W IL L , . THERE ARE BOUND TO BE PROBLEMS,

PARTICULARLY IN SOME ASPECTS OF TRADE, BUT THERE IS NO REASON

THAT THESE CANNOT BE RESOLVED IN THE PURSUIT OF OUR BROADER

INTERESTS, ' .

.. ./II

I SHALL SHORTLY BE ATTENDING A MEETING IN BRUSSELS

o f He a d s of Mi s s i o n o f our p o s t s i n Eu r o p e , On e o f t h e m a i n

PURPOSES OF TH IS MEETING W ILL BE TO CONSIDER A COHERENT AND

LONG TERM STRATEGY FOR AU STR A LIA 'S RELATIONS WITH EUROPE .

I SHALL,ALSO HAVE DISCUSSIONS WITH VARIOUS FOREIGN MINISTERS

o f Eu r o p e a n Co m m u n it y m e m b e r s t a t e s , Th e r e i s much t h a t we

CAN DISCUSS IN TERMS OF A PROFITABLE AND MUTUALLY BEN EFIC IA L

GIVE AND TAKE RELATIONSHIP,

Go e t h e s a i d t h a t w h a t a p e r s o n i n h e r i t s fro m h i s

PARENTS, HE MUST ACQUIRE ANEW IN ORDER TO POSSESS I T , ΪΗ Ε

SAME COULD BE SAID OF NATIONS, AUSTRALIA HAS INHERITED THE

Eu r o p e a n a n d We s t e r n t r a d i t i o n s o f d e m o c r a c y , l i b e r t y , t h e

RULE OF LAW, THE FREEDOM OF THE IN D IV ID U A L , THE OPEN SOCIETY

AND WESTERN ETHICS AND CULTURAL VALUES, WE HOLD THESE

TRADITIONS AND VALUES DEARLY AND HAVE PLACED EMPHASIS IN

OUR FOREIGN POLICY ON REAFFIRMING OUR TIE S WITH OUR WELL *

.ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC A LLIE S IN AN ENDEAVOUR TO PROMOTE ’

DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES AND TO SAFEGUARD WESTERN INTERESTS '

GENERALLY,