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Speech given by the Foreign Minister of Australia at Pyongyang on 14 June 1975



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A T E 18 J u n e 1975

SPEECH GIVEN BY THE FOREIGN MINISTER OF AUSTRALIA AT PYONGYANG 0N~T4 JUNE 1975

The f o l l o w i n g i s t h e t e x t o f t h e F o r e i g n

M i n i s t e r ’ s s p e e c h a t a F a r e w e l l b a n q u e t h e l d i n h i s

h o n o u r a t t h e c o n c l u s i o n o f a t h r e e - d a y v i s i t t o t h e

D e m o c r a t i c P e o p l e ’ s R e p u b l i c o f K o r e a »

" Y o u r E x c e l l e n c y Ho Dam, D i s t i n g u i s h e d G u e s t s »

My p a r t y i s s m a l l y e t o u r a r r i v a l i n P y o n g y a n g p e r h a p s

d o u b l e d t h e n u m b e r o f A u s t r a l i a n s who h a v e f i r s t - h a n d

k n o w l e d g e o f y o u r c o u n t r y » T h a t s m a l l s t a t i s t i c i s a

m e a s u r e o f how much t h e c o n t a c t b e t w e e n u s h a s b e e n a nd

how much r e m a i n s t o be d o n e =

T h i s i s now o n l y o u r t h i r d d a y i n y o u r b e a u t i f u l

a n d w e l l o r d e r e d c o u n t r y » I w is h we c o u ld have rem ained

l o n g e r h e r e b u t as you y o u r s e l f know so w e l l t h e p r e s s u r e s

o f b u s i n e s s a t home and ab ro a d make i t i m p o s s i b l e f o r us

t o do a l l t h a t we would wish» Yet I b e l i e v e we have

made good u s e o f o u r tim e , l i m i t e d th o u g h i t has been»

We have s e e n w i t h a d m i r a t i o n some o f t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e

trem endous e f f o r t you have p u t i n t o d e v e l o p i n g t h e

D e m o cratic P e o p l e ’s R e p u b lic o f Korea o v e r t h e p a s t two

d e cad es and we have o b s e r v e d t h e d i l i g e n c e and d e d i c a t i o n

o f y o u r people» C l e a r l y you have h e r e t h e s o l i d b a s i s

f o r f u r t h e r advances tow ards y o u r g o a l s » We have a l s o

made good u s e o f o u r tim e i n t h e t a l k s we have had

t o g e t h e r - n o t j u s t t h e f o r m a l t a l k s , v a l u a b l e th o u g h

t h e y have b een, b u t a l s o t h e more i n f o r m a l t a l k s b e f o r e

and d a r i n g t h e m eals we have s h a r e d and t h e c a r r i d e s we

have t a k e n t o g e t h e r » I have e n jo y e d t h e s e t a l k s as w e l l

as p r o f i t e d from, them, for- o u r d i s c u s s i o n s have b e e n warm

and f r i e n d l y as w e l l as f r a n k and s p i r i t e d » We have a

b e t t e r a p p r e c i a t i o n o f t h e t h i n g s t h a t c o n c e r n each o t h e r »

We know more a bout t h e f a c t o r s t h e o t h e r n e e d s t o t a k e

i n t o a c c o u n t i n i t s t h i n k i n g and i n i t s p o l i c i e s = We

u n d e r s t a n d b e t t e r what moves t h e o t h e r to t a k e t h e

a t t i t u d e s i t d o e s » A l l t h i s i s p u r e gain» The p o i n t

t h a t has s t r u c k me most f o r c i b l y i n o u r t a l k s i s t h e

common a t t i t u d e we s h a r e on t h e i m p o r t a n c e o f b e in g

i n d e p e n d e n t and s e l f - r e l i a n t = Your P r e s i d e n t has

embodied h i s t h o u g h t s on t h i s . i n t h e Ju c h e P r i n c i p l e »

We have n o t o u r s e l v e s a r t i c u l a t e d o u r own p o l i c y i n su c h

a s y s t e m a t i c f a s h i o n b ut c l e a r l y we have a common s t a n d

on t h e p r i n c i p l e » ,

» . / 2

i

- 2 -

O f © o u r s e p u r s u i n g i n d e p e n d e n t p o l i c i e s

d o e s n o t m e a n t h a t o n a l l i n t e r n a t i o n a l i s s u e s we

m u s t s t r i v e t o h a v e a n a t t i t u d e d i f f e r e n t f r o m

e v e r y b o d y e l s e . W h a t i t d o e s m e a n i s t h a t i n w o r k i n g

o u t o u r p o l i c i e s a n d i n r e a c h i n g o u r j u d g e m e n t s we

s h o u l d a p p l y o u r o wn t h o u g h t s a n d i n t e r e s t s a n d n o t

t a k e o v e r s e c o n d - h a n d t h e t h o u g h t s a n d i n t e r e s t s o f

o t h e r s , h o w e v e r p e a c e f u l t h e y ma y b e . N o r d o e s

p u r s u i n g a n i n d e p e n d e n t a n d s e l f - r e l i a n t p o l i c y m e a n

t h a t we s h o u l d c u t o u r s e l v e s o f f f r o m t h e w o r l d o r h a v e

n o r e g a r d w h a t e v e r t o t h e i n t e r e s t s a n d a t t i t u d e s o f

o t h e r s = F o r t h a t i s s i m p l y i m p o s s i b l e i n a n i n t e r ­

d e p e n d e n t w o r l d w h i c h r e q u i r e s r e a l i s m i n o u r o b j e c t i v e s

a n d s u p p o r t f r o m o u r f r i e n d s . Wh e n I h e a r d y o u r

w e l c o m i n g a n d f r i e n d l y w o r d s o n o u r a r r i v a l I w a s s u r e

t h a t my v i s i t h e r e w o u l d t u r n o u t t o b e a p o s i t i v e

a n d p r a c t i c a l s t e p i n o u r d e v e l o p i n g r e l a t i o n s . N o r

h a v e my e x p e c t a t i o n s b e e n d i s a p p o i n t e d . T h e r e h a v e b e e n

n o d r a m a t i c d e v e l o p m e n t s b u t t h e n we w e r e n o t l o o k i n g f o r

t h a t . W h a t we o n o u r s i d e h o p e d f o r a n d w h a t we w e r e

g i v e n w a s t h e o p p o r t u n i t y t o t a l k s e n s i b l y a n d q u i e t l y

w i t h y o u a b o u t t h e m a t t e r s w h i c h p r e o c c u p y e a c h o t h e r . .

F o r i t i s i n t h a t k i n d o f c i v i l i s e d d i s c o u r s e a c r o s s a

t a b l e r a t h e r t h a n i n s h o u t e d r h e t o r i c a c r o s s h a l f a w o r l d

t h a t u n d e r s t a n d i n g c o m e s a n d w i t h o u t u n d e r s t a n d i n g we a r e

l e f t w i t h o u t a f i r m b a s e f r o m w h i c h t o p r o c e e d . Y o u r

E x c e l l e n c y y o u q u o t e d d u r i n g o u r d i s c u s s i o n s y e s t e r d a y

t h e K o r e a n s a y i n g t h a t ’ a g o o d b e g i n n i n g i s h a l f t h e

w o r k d o n e 1, I s a y t o y o u n o w - we h a v e m a d e a g o o d

b e g i n n i n g . Now l e t u s g o o n a n d c o m p l e t e t h e o t h e r h a l f ,

I n o w p r o p o s e a t o a s t t o H i s E x c e l l e n c y F o r e i g n

M i n i s t e r Ho Da m, D i s t i n g u i s h e d G u e s t s , T h e P e o p l e o f t h e

D e m o c r a t i c P e o p l e ' s R e p u b l i c o f K o r e a . "