Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Australian Institute of Political Science Summer School Canberra



Download PDFDownload PDF

: ;.j

„ : ; ·

■ J ' T-'-i

- s- · — - Λ . ir~

Ο . ί ~

".’'-'T/V ··'.'> .V;-· · .

Ν E W S f R E L E A S E .. . , ...... - - - - - - — ··'· ■ > · . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . - - - - - - - - - - Λ * .· '■ ·

NQ ~ =■""··. ' ." _ ·^·,. D A T E ·

■

-'-ϊί J.

•l^2& “ 27 3 a n u ary 1973':

J l

S

EMBARGO: Not to b e -u se d i n a n y '

form b e fo re 3 p.m. on 27 Jan u a ry 1973·^

AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF POLITICAL· SCIENCE

. · ; : : ~ SΌ Γ.ΙΓ.1 SR SCHOOL CANBERRA

• . ■ ' ' A tta ch e d i s t h e · t e x t o f an a d d re s s g iv e n by th e

’ P rim e 'M in is te r ' -and M in is te r f o r "F oreign A f f a i r s , Mr E. G. Y/hitlam,

. when opening th e A u s t r a lia n I n s t i t u t e o f P o l i t i c a l S c ie n ce Summer

School i n C an b erra, 27 Jan u a ry 1973. '

' AUSTRALIAN IN S T IT U T E OF POLITICAL .SC IEN C E ' " '·

S IT .u .iS SCHOOL CANBERRA '

27 J a n u a ry 1973 . ··” ■

O pening A ddress by th e Prim e M in is te r , th e Hon. E.G. Y/hitlam,

' ' ; " -Q .c .,· M.T. ’ . ' - ....■··... . -

" : — : — ~

I t i s a happy c o in c id e n c e t h a t t h i s Summer School on A u s t r a l i a ’ s

i n t e r n a t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s sh o u ld open on such a momentous day i" n th e

. I . '

h i s t o r y o f our r e g io n and o f th e w orld - the day o f the c e a s e f i r e i n

V iet-Nam . ' : /

A g e n e r a tio n .o f war and havoc and s u f f e r i n g l i e s b e h in d u s .

The problem s ah ead , in Viet-Nam, i n In d o -C h in a and i n th e r e g io n a r e

immense. They w i l l ta x s ta te m a n s h ip to th e l i m i t , y e t i t i s im p o s s ib le

a t such a tim e, on such a day, n o t to f e e l a s e n se o f profound r e l i e f

and profound hope and a sen se o f e x c ite m e n t a t th e new o p p o rtu n ity which

t h i s w e e k 's' h i s t o r i c e v en ts-lia v e -o p e n e d u p f o r us a l l . . _ L t_ is .in th e

c o n te x t o f change, o f hope, o f new o p p o r tu n i tie s t h a t I p u t my rem arks

i n opening th e Summer S ch o o l. . '

• ■ ' 0n 2 December th e . n a tio n changed i t s governm ent, b u t d id n o t

and could n o t bv t h a t a c t change th e e s s e n t i a l fo u n d a tio n s o f i t s f o r e ig n

f

"Λ

p o lic y ., A u s t r a l i a ’ s n a tio n a l i n t e r e s t s d id n o t change. A u s t r a l i a 's

i n t e r n a t i o n a l o b lig a tio n s d id not. change. A u s t r a l i a 's a l l i a n c e s and

f r ie n d s h ip s d id n o t change. N o n e th e le ss, th e change i s r e a l and deep

b e c a u se v/hat h as a l t e r e d i s th e p e rc e p tio n and i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f th o se

i n t e r e s t s , o b lig a tio n s and f r ie n d s h ip s by th e e le c te d governm ent. The

e s s e n t i a l change i s t h a t th e view s and p o lic ie s o f th e A u s tr a lia n

Government - w orking w ith in th e same framework o f f a c t s a s i t s '

p re d e c e s s o rs - a r e now th o s e o f th e A u s tr a lia n Labor P a rty . The

viV

■ fc - J ■ _ · " ν % * “?.*■ . i "

A u s t r a lia n Government a c t s on a m andate g iv e n to i t by th e A u s tr a lia

; %

p e o p le . On 2 December t h a t mandate was g iv e n c l e a r l y to the A u s tr a lia n

Labor P a r ty . ·

' I make th e s e rem arks a t th e o u ts e t n o t to s t r i k e a p a r t i s a n

n o te , b u t to p la c e on re c o rd a sim p le , obvious b u t pow erful f a c t w hich

sh o u ld n e v er be f o r g o tte n a t home o r a b ro a d , n e i t h e r by our opponents

h e re n o r o u r . f r ie n d s a b ro a d . . '.· ·

·. The m andate o f th e Labor Government was a b u n d a n tly c l e a r on

s p e c i f i c n a tte r s o f our f o r e ig n r e l a t i o n s . In th e P o lic y Speech we d id

n o t f o r in s ta n c e say j u s t i n g e n e r a l term s t h a t we would work f o r

n o r m a lis a tio n o f r e l a t i o n s w ith th e P e o p le 's R e p u b lic o f C hina. We s a id

s p e c if ic a lly - "The Labor Government w i l l t r a n s f e r A u s t r a l i a 's China Embassy

from T hipei to P e k in g ." We have done so. We d id n o t j u s t say t h a t we

.would d e p lo re re su m p tio n o f French n u c le a r t e s t s i n th e P a c i f i c . We s a id

"We w i l l ta k e th e q u e s tio n o f French n u c le a r t e s t s to th e I n t e r n a t i o n a l ·

C o u rt o f J u s t i c e . 11 We p re p a rin g to do so . We d id n o t j u s t say t h a t we

d e p lo re d r a c i a l s e l e c t i o n o f s p o r tin g team s. We s a i d "We w ill g iv e no

v i s a s to o r th ro u g h A u s t r a lia to r a c i a l l y s e le c te d s p o r tin g te a m s ,"

. . . / 3

We s h a l l n o t.

3-

. : .

.·â–  — 3— ■ ■

! ν · · "■ · . - ·' ; · · X»· · · ' · .·· .

. I1 :Beyond, however,' ,hese, and o th e r q u i t e s p e c i f i c p le d g e s , th e r e

I i* | !! * .

iwere o th e r g r e a t m a tte r s which w e r e .s ta te d more g e n e r a lly and y e t w hich

' m ust be g iv e n commanding f o r c e and vzeight i f we a r e to ta k e our m andate

s e r i o u s l y . For exam ple, th e r e f e r e n c e i n my P o lic y Speech to V iet-N am

: w as. r e l a t i v e l y b r i e f and g en eral.. T his w as· n o t' j u s t , b ecau se i n November

th e c e a s e f i r e th e n seemed much c lo s e r, th a n i t tu rn e d o u t. I t was

i ' ' . '

b e c a u se th e re vzas n o t a m a tte r i n th e whole ra n g e o f p o lic y - dom estic-

o r f o r e ig n - on v/hich th e i n t e n t i o n s and d e te r m in a tio n o f the A u stra l, .n

• ' ' ' ; ' · · ‘ ·

Labor P a rty and an A u s tr a lia n Labor Government, r a n so deep, c l e a r and-*

s t r a i g h t . , , . · ■ . '

But .on th r e e g r e a t m a tte r s - the th r e e r e le v a n t m a tte rs f o r an

A u s tr a lia n p o l i t i c a l p a rty o r an A u s tr a lia n governm ent - th e r e had n ev er

been any doubt a b o u t th e a t t i t u d e o f my P a r ty . Those p r in c ip le s w ere:

o p p o s itio n to A u s t r a l i a 's m i l i t a r y in v o lv em en t; o p p o s itio n to th e

bombing o f N orth Viet-Nam ; and, t h i r d l y , a d e te r m in a tio n to use

A u s t r a l i a 's in f lu e n c e to end th e w ar. -

' From 28 A p ril 19S5 - th e day S i r R o b e rt M enzies announced the

s e n d in g of th e f i r s t b a t t a l i o n - th e s e th r e e a t t i t u d e s had n e v e r been i n

d o u b t n o r i n q u e s tio n a t any le v e l o f th e A u s t r a lia n Labor P a r ty . Nobody

c o u ld be under any i l l u s i o n t h a t once we had form ed a governm ent we would

' _ · . . :

d e la y f o r a day o r an h o u r i n a c ti n g upon th e s e p o l i c i e s and th e s e

p r i n c i p l e s - upon t h i s m andate. : '

■ Yet o u r m andate and d u ty to m a in ta in th e A m e ric a n 'a llia n c e was

e q u a lly c l e a r . T his we w ill do. The e n d in g o f "American i n t e r v e n t i o n i n

In d o -C h in a w ill remove th e r e a l l y s e r io u s d i f f e r e n c e betw een th e two

a d m in is tr a tio n s . T here w i l l be a n o th e r r e s u l t o f profound im p o rta n c e .

The end o f i n t e r v e n t i o n - w ith a l l th e b i t t e r n e s s and d is s e n s io n i t

b ro u g h t - w ill f r e e th e s p i r i t and e n e r g ie s o f th e American people and

h e lp m ig h tily to r e s t o r e th e U n ited S ta te s to h e r p ro p e r and c o n s tr u c tiv e

. / 4

- 4 -

■:ί. ,·:ι.. '

...

!*·*

- ί · » , · .·

τ .

Ψ :'

■ ν - ·

ro le , a s th e w o r ld 's m ost, generous and i d e a l i s t i c n a tio n . B u t - l e t me a ls o

say t h i s : - At no tim e i n th e e ig h te e n y e a rs s in c e - th e U n ite d S ta te s began

h e r m i l i t a r y commitment i n In d o -C h in a, o r i n th e te n y e a rs s in c e A u s t r a lia

f i r s t s e n t a d v is e r s t h e r e , o r i n th e e ig h t- y e a r s s in c e A u s t r a lia ' ■

com m itted tro o p s on th e ground i n - s tr e n g th , o r i n th e seven y e a rs s in c e ...

• - ’ f ‘ · ' * . . ' _ .

. th e bombing o f N orth Viet-Nam began, has. i t e v e r been su g g este d "by any -

.P r e s id e n t, by any Prim e M in is te r , by any r e s p o n s ib le Congressman t h a t .

A u s t r a l i a 's a t t i t u d e to th e war i n Viet-Nam o r any phase i n th e w ar i n · ■ - '

. Viet-Nam was a c o n d itio n o f th e c o n tin u a tio n o f ANZUS. There i s no

su ch s u g g e s tio n now. ANZUS i s a l e g a l embodiment· of- th e common i n t e r e s t s · ' ' [ - ; · · · . . . ■ "

: o f th e p eo p le o f A u s t r a l i a , New Z ealan d and th e U n ite d S ta te s . \ Those

i n t e r e s t s rem ain c o n s ta n t beyond changes o f a d m in is tr a tio n i n W ashington,

W ellin g to n o r C an b e rra. . . .

' I t i s t r u e t h a t th e changed A u s tr a lia n a t t i t u d e to Viet-Nam

d id le a d to an a l t e r a t i o n i n th e d e g re e o f c o n s u lt a tio n on A m erican p o lic y

i n Viet-Nam betw een W ashington and C an b erra. T hat a l t e r a t i o n had n o th in g .

to do w ith th e change o f governm ent. I t o c c u rre d u n d er th e p re v io u s ,

governm ent a s th e A u s tr a lia n commitment was wound down. As th e ·

s i g n if ic a n c e o f th e A u s tr a lia n commitment le s s e n e d , th e l e s s A u s t r a lia .

was t o l d - and' th e p re v io u s governm ent d id n o t and could n o t com plain.

B ut t h i s was an a l t e r a t i o n r e l a t e d s o le l y to Viet-N am . I t had n o th in g

to do w ith ANZUS. .

However, f o r a l l i t s e n d u rin g im p o rta n c e , a d h eren c e to ANZUS

does n o t i n i t s e l f c o n s t i t u t e a fo r e ig n p o lic y . I t i s a t r e a t y a t th e

c e n tr e o f our r e l a t i o n s w ith o n ly two n a tio n s , a l b e i t one o u r c l o s e s t

p a r tn e r and th e o th e r th e w o rld 's g r e a t e s t power. Y et in s o f a r as

ANZUS r e p r e s e n ts a s e c u r i t y g u a ra n te e i n th e u ltim a te p e r i l , r e l i a n c e

upon i t a s th e s o le o b je c tiv e o f our fo r e ig n p o lic y would i n f a c t p la c e

o u r fo r e ig n p o lic y in s u s p e n s io n - u n t i l th e p e r i l emerged. '

. · . . . / 5

. , . , . . . - 5 - , . . . . , ....

? · ■ ' ·· _ ’ : ■

■ The r e a l t e s t o f a s u c c e s s f u l fo r e ig n p o lic y i s th e e x te n t to ■

which a b a la n c e i s s tr u c k and k e p t betw een a ' n a tio n * s commitment and a ·

.·..· - n a t i o n 's power. The U n ite d S ta te s · h e r s e l f now a c c e p ts t h a t i t s c o ld '

.ywar commitment to g lo b a l containm ent o f Communism re p re s e n te d a g ro s s : '

.o v e r-e x te n s io n o f h e r r e a l power·.■ - T h is - was · one o f the in e x o ra b le le s s o n s

. - o f -V iet-N an. ■ To s e e th e change''w hich has o c c u rre d becau se o f Viet-Nam

·· . i t i s enough to compare th e c irc u m sp e c tio n o f P r e s id e n t N ix o n 's second -

In a u g u ra l w ith th e sw eeping r h e t o r i c o f John K ennedy's In a u g u ra l w ith

... . . i t s v i s i o n o f a n u n lim ite d u n iv e r s a l a c c e p ta n c e o f burdens by th e -..

U n ite d S t a t e s . * -'a: = · - - ·'■'■■ · "■ . \

• I n my P o lic y Speech I s a id : ·

• "A n a t i o n 's f o r e ig n p o lic y depends on s t r i k i n g a w ise , p ro p e r

and p ru d e n t b a la n c e betw een commitment and pov/er. Labor w i l l have f o u r

■ · commitments com m ensurate to o u r power and r e s o u r c e s ; ' ·

■ i . · ■ · .

• · 1 ■ V F irs t - o u r own n a tio n a l s e c u r i t y ;

• ■ "S eco n d ly - a s e c u re , u n ite d and f r i e n d l y

' . Papua New G uinea; '

" T h ird ly · - a c h ie v e c lo s e r r e l a t i o n s w ith our

n e a r e s t and l a r g e s t n e ig h b o u r,

Indonesia.;

" F o u r th ly - promote th e peace and p r o s p e r ity

o f o u r n e ig h b o u rh o o d ."

The f o u r th - o f th o se i s , o f c o u rs e , an e x tre m e ly g e n e ra l

p r o p o s itio n . Y et A u s t r a l i a 's a c tu a l s i t u a t i o n i n o u r re g io n makes i t a,

m eaningful o b je c t iv e f o r an A u s t r a lia n F o re ig n P o lic y . I t i s a ·

commitment r e a l i s t i c a l l y commensurate w ith o u r power, our re s o u rc e s and

o u r i n t e r e s t s .

j A u s t r a l i a ' s acj.ua! s i t u a t i o n i s t h i s : We are fa r and away the

r i c h e s t n a tio n i n th e n e " jhbourhood. Y/e have a g ro ss n a tio n a l p ro d u c t

equal - t o ·t h a t o f a l l th e c o u n trie s betw een th e Bay o f Bengal and th e South

. . . ■ . . · | ' '·

C hina Sea. Those c o u n tr ie s have tw enty tim es our p o p u la tio n . We a r e an

is la n d c o n tin e n t w ith one o f the m ost fo rm id a b le n a tu r a l d e fe n c e s i n th e

i - - ' · ' ■ ' ' ■ ■ ■ ' " V i ' ' " '

w o rld . \'(e have no s e r io u s c o n f l i c t o f i n t e r e s t s w ith any o f o u r

n e ig h b o u rs and th e r e a r e no fo r e s e e a b le c o n f l i c t s l i k e l y to a r i s e we]^,

• - · ··* *■ »·.

. ..$£·â– ..

-■ ' beyond t h i s d e c a d e , · j · ^ .

. |We have an a s s u re d economic p a r tn e r s h ip - a r e l a t i o n s h i p o f ^

in te rd e p e n d e n c e , n o t dependence - w ith Jap an , th e s tr o n g e s t power i n th e

w id er re g io n . B oth A u s t r a lia and Ja p a n a r e moving s w i f t l y in to an

a r e a o f b e t t e r u n d e rs ta n d in g w ith th e l a r g e s t power, China.

' I f I a p p e a r to be p la c in g such g r e a t em phasis on th e r o s i e r

a s p e c ts o f our p r e s e n t s i t u a t i o n , i t i s b ecau se I w ish to c o n t r a s t th e

new r e a l i t i e s w ith th e o ld f e a r s , s h ib b o le th s and s u s p ic io n s . One

m ig h t s a y , w ith Canning, i n a v e ry d i f f e r e n t c o n te x t ana v e ry d i f f e r e n t

se n s e , " I c a l l th e new w orld i n t o e x is te n c e i n o rd e r to r e d r e s s th e

b a la n c e o f the o ld ." I h a s te n to say t h a t a b s o lu t e ly no s ig n if ic a n c e

w h atev er i s to be a tta c h e d to my p r e f e r r i n g Canning above M e tte rn ic h .

Tc g iv e a n in d e p en d e n t view from th e o th e r s id e o f th e w orld

I q u o te from th e "G uardian" o f 15 J a n u a r y :- ' ··

" A u s tr a lia i s th e r i c h e s t m ost pow erful and m ost advanced ■ .

c o u n try i n a p a r t o f th e 'world t h a t i s o th e rw is e empty o f i n f l u e n t i a l

s t a t e s . I t -is p ro p e r and h e a lth y t h a t A u s tr a lia n p o lic y sh o u ld r e f l e c t

t h i s p o l i t i c a l and economic f a c t . . · '

' "But u n t i l th e new governm ent came a lo n g .a s u c c e s s io n o f

governm ents i n C anberra had tended to a c c e p t f o r A u s t r a lia a more

dep en d en t s t a t u s th a n th e co u n try a c t u a l l y e n jo y s . . S in ce th e Second

W orld War A u s tr a lia n s and A m ericans have u n d e rsto o d each o th e r and have'

. . . . / ?

V ‘ ' 1

depended upon each o th e r to a d eg ree t h a t was unknown b e fo re P e a rl H arbour

B ut f r ie n d s h ip betw een A u s t r a lia and America does n o t r e q u ir e A u s t r a l i a

to be s u b s e r v i e n t .1 1 - ■ · - ·. " : · -

' I am d e term in e d t h a t u n d er t h i s Government th e A u s tr a lia n people

w i l l be encouraged to shed th e o ld s t u l t i f y i n g f e a r s and a n im o s itie s which

h a v e encumbered th e n a tio n a l s p i r i t f o r g e n e r a tio n s and dom inated, o f te n

f o r dom estic p a r t i s a n p u rp o se s, th e fo re ig n p o lic y o f t h i s n a tio n . ■

The o th e r g r e a t, theme..our Government w i l l w ish to s t r e s s b o t h ’

w ith th e g r e a t powers and our n e ig h b o u rs i s t h a t w ith th e end o f f o r e ig n

. . . . » ■ ' '

i n t e r v e n t i o n i n Viet-Mam th e re g io n has a second c h an c e . The West thre-w

away an o p p o rtu n ity f o r a s e ttle m e n t i n 1954 a f t e r K orea, a f t e r Geneva.

I b e lie v e th e U n ite d S t a t e s , th e S o v ie t Union, J a p a n and C hina a r e

d e term in e d n o t to l e t th e second o p p o rtu n ity s l i p b e ca u se a s s u r e d ly i t

w i l l n o t be o ff e re d a t h i r d tim e . In p a r t i c u l a r th e A u s tr a lia n

Government w i l l d is c o u ra g e a t a l l l e v e l s th e k in d o f th in k in g which

would p la c e N orth Viet-Nam i n th e r o l e o f th e new a n ta g o n is t a s a

re p la c e m e n t f o r China and' which would p la c e T h a ila n d in' th e r o l e a s s ig n e d

to South Viet-Mam i n th e e a r ly 'βΟ ’ε. A c co rd in g ly , we s h a l l su p p o rt

th e ASEAN p ro p o sa l f o r a zone o f peace and n e u t r a l i t y i n South E a s t

A sia and encourage th e o th e r c o u n tr ie s in v o lv e d i n th e re g io n to endorse

th e p r o p o s itio n . . .

* I have spoken on s e v e ra l o c c a sio n s i n r e c e n t months o f th e

- g r e a t im portance' we a tta c h - to tllFkdevelopmenlT c f o u r r e l a t i o n s w ith

In d o n e s ia and s t r e s s e d i t i n th e P o lic y Speech. The im p o rtan c e of

In d o n e s ia to A u s t r a l i a 'i s in d is p u ta b le . We need, how ever, to se e the

developm ent o f ju r r e l a t i o n s w ith In d o n e s ia w ith in th e w ider South

E h st A sian r e g io n a l c o n te x t. I do n o t want to g iv e th e im p re s sio n t h a t

by g iv in g p r i o r i t y to o u r r e l a t i o n s w ith In d o n e s ia we would do so a t

th e expense o f our r e l a t i o n s w ith o th e r ASEAN c o u n t r i e s . In d o n e s ia i s ,

o f c o u rs e ,, c l o s e r g e o g ra p h ic a lly and much l a r g e r th a n th e o th e r members

B ut o u r s ta n d in g i n o th e r re g io n a l c o u n tr ie s is · n o t i r r e l e v a n t to •■the

im p o rta n c e which In d o n e s ia w i l l a t t a c h .t o .A u s t r a l i a . In th e same*way

a s · o u r d e s tin y -is in s e p a r a b le -from In d o n e s ia , so In d o n e s ia c an n o t · .··..·

s e p a r a te h e r "own d e s tin y from th o se o f her· immediate· neig h b o u rs to · '

' th e n o rth i n ASEAN. So th e c o n tin u e d developm ent o f our r e l a t i o n s w ith

M a la y sia , S in g a p o re , T h a ila n d and th e P h ilip p in e s , i s im p o rta n t n o t o n ly

i n th e w id e r r e g io n a l c o n te x t,; b u t i n th e c o n te x t o f o u r own r e l a t i o n s

w ith In d o n e s ia . We see our r e l a t i o n s w ith In d o n e s ia a s com plem entary

to and n o t i n any way c o m p e titiv e w ith h e r o r our r e l a t i o n s h i p s w ith

o th e r ASEAN c o u n tr ie s . T his i s what I mean i n s a y in g th a t i n g iv in g

p r i o r i t y to th e developm ent o f our r e l a t i o n s w ith In d o n e s ia we a re

n o t d o in g t h i s a t th e expense o f o u r r e l a t i o n s w ith th e o th e r ASEAN

1 · .

c o u n t r i e s . . . . . . .

■ ’ ' I m ight sum up our g e n e r a l ap p ro ach to th e a f f a i r s o f o u r

r e g io n by s t a t i n g th e s i t u a t i o n I e x p e c t to e x i s t by 1975· W ith New

Z e a la n d , r e l a t i o n s w i l l have grown even c lo s e r th ro u g h a s e r i e s o f

c o - o p e r a tiv e endeavours to prom ote th e w e lfa re and harmony o f th e

S o u th P a c i f i c . ■

We s h a l l have as our c lo s e n eig h b o u r an in d e p e n d e n t Papua

..N ew.G uinea.w hich w i l l have f o r th e r e s t o f t h i s c e n tu ry the f i r s t c a l l

on o u r s u b s t a n t i a l l y in c r e a s e d f o r e ig n a id programme. Vie s h a ll be

w orking1 c lo s e ly i n c o -o p e ra tio n w ith the Government o f Papua New Guinea

th ro u g h a s p e c i f i c and g u a ra n te e d econom ic programme. ' .

' We do n o t s e e any im m ediate t h r e a t o f e x te r n a l a g g re s s io n

to th e c o u n tr ie s o f South E a s t A sia . We do n o t w ant to look on South

E a s t A sia a s a f r o n t l i n e i n term s of th e o ld c lic h e o f forw ard d e fe n c e

- 9 -

'

We do n o t s e e South E a s t A sia a s a f r o n t i e r where v/e"might f i g h t nam eless

A sia n enem ies a s f a r to th e n o r th o f o u r own sh o re s a s p o s s ib le - i n

. o th e r p e o p le 's b a c k y a rd s. . ‘ 1; " " ■ '

. To m eet th e new r e a l i t i e s and our p e rc e p tio n o f them we s h a l l

; ■.be s e e k in g new' forms o f r e g io n a l c o -o p e ra tio n . I n i t s p re s e n t form , ' "

ASPAG no lo n g e r r e f l e c t s th o s e ' r e a l i t i e s . I n p a r t i c u l a r , th e c o n tin u e d ‘

p re s e n c e o f Taiwan'malees ASPAC. a n a c r o n i s t i c . Three o f ASPAC's members

A u s t r a l i a , New Z ealand and Ja p a n - re c o g n is e P eking a s th e s o le l e g a l .

governm ent o f C hina. We w i l l n o t be w ith d raw in g im m e d ia te ly from ASPAC

a lth o u g h we c o n s id e r t h a t u n le s s th e r e i s a change i n i t s p re s e n t

m em bership, i t c an n o t f u n c tio n e f f e c t i v e l y o r c o n tin u e f o r v e ry lo n g .

’ ' ' " ; I n W e llin g to n th e Mew Z e a lan d Prim e M in is te r and I e x p re ss e d

our i n t e n t i o n t o work w ith o u r A sian and P a c i f i c n e ig h b o u rs i n m aking .·./

a d ju s tm e n ts to e x i s t i n g a rra n g e m e n ts and see k in g .n e w form s o f c o - o p e r a tio n .

Y/e s h a l l be c o n s u ltin g v /ith a u r n e ig h b o u rs - in c lu d in g In d o n e s ia , Ja p a n

and o th e r s - b e fo re any f i n a l d e c is io n s a r e re a c h e d on how we sh o u ld .

p ro c e e d . There i s no q u e s tio n o f s e e k in g to change o r e n la rg e ASEAN.

We sh o u ld l i k e to s e e a l l our ASEAN n e ig h b o u rs i n a l a r g e r r e g io n a l ·

a s s o c i a t i o n f o r A sia and th e P a c i f i c , b u t ASEAN i t s e l f i s a s u b - r e g io n a l

-g ro u p in g 'w h ich i s d o in g v a lu a b le work and any e n larg em e n t o f th e .

o r g a n is a ti o n i s a m a tte r f o r i t s members. .

R eg io n al c o - o p e r a tio n w i l l b e one o f th e k e y s to n e s o f

A u s t r a l i a 's f o r e ig n p o lic y f o r th e 7 0 !s . We s h a l l be c h a r tin g a new

c o u rs e τ/ i t h l e s s em phasis on m i l i t a r y p a c ts . I t w i l l be b ased on an

in d e p e n d e n t o u tlo o k in f o r e ig n a f f a i r s and w ill be d i r e c t e d to w ard s a

new r e g io n a l community geared to th e r e a l i t i e s of th e 7 0 ' s .

The g u id e lin e s o f the r e g io n a l community t h a t I f o r e s e e w i l l ■

be a n o r g a n is a tio n g e n u in e ly r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f th e re g io n , w ith o u t

. . . / 1 0

· ' - 1 0 -

φ

φ

id e o lo g ic a l o v e r to n e s , conceived a s an i n i t i a t i v e to h e lp f r e e th e re g io n

• o f g r e a t power r i v a l r i e s t h a t have b e d e v ille d i t s p ro g re s s f o r decad es

i ' . ' ' : , · . ·

and d e sig n e d to i n s u l a t e t h e .r e g i o n a g a in s t id e o lo g ic a l in te r f e r e n c e "

; from th e g r e a t pow ers.

r .....................

I do n o t in te n d t h a t A u s t r a l i a should t r y to im pose a d e t a i l e d

fo rm u la tio n f o r s e ttin g " up such-a'· community and we s h a l l n o t se e k to

in tr u d e beyond o u r r e a l i s t i c c a p a c ity to p a r t i c i p a t e and a s s i s t i n th e

r e a l i s a t i o n o f t h i s c o n c e p t. We s h a l l be" p a t i e n t and p u n c tilio u s in our ' "

■ c o n s u lt a tio n and p re p a re d a t ev ery tu r n to ta k e a c c o u n t o f and p a r t i c i p a t e

i n th e g e n u in e a s p i r a t i o n s o f th e re g io n . But we s h a l l be a c t i v e i n

s e e k in g t h i s end. I have a lr e a d y i n i t i a t e d e f f o r t s i n th e r e le v a n t

D epartm ents o f my Government and I s h a l l c o n tin u e to advance t h i s c o n cep t

a s an e a r n e s t o f A u s t r a l i a 's g e n u in e i n t e r e s t i n th e developm ent o f a t r u l y

r e p r e s e n t a t i v e r e g io n a l community. . ■ _ -

. I co n clu d e by e x p re s s in g o u r profound s a t i s f a c t i o n t h a t t h i s

a u s p ic io u s day sh o u ld mark a new b e g in n in g o r a t th e v e ry l e a s t a chance

f o r a new b e g in n in g i n o u r r e g io n . I ta k e i t a s a happy omen in d e e d t h a t '

t h i s sh o u ld have o c c u rre d so e a r l y i n th e l i f e o f th e new A u s tr a lia n

G overnment. E vents o f t h i s week add a new im p o rtan ce and a new dim ension

to t h i s Summer S ch o o l. A u s tr a lia n s l i k e y o u rs e lv e s who w ish to h e lp u s

fram e new p o l i c i e s and ta k e th e d e b a te on f o r e ig n a f f a i r s to a new le v e l

can now do so f r e e o f th e overw helm ing p re o c c u p a tio n o f Viet-Nam.

I have lo n g s tr e s s e d t h a t a Labor Government would se e k and welcome

th e h e lp o f A u s tr a lia n s i n fram in g o u r p o l i c i e s a t a l l l e v e l s . Y our view s

and id e a s a re doubly welcome a t t h i s tim e.