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-XWe have rejected . the ; Electoral Bill in the Senate. There , is X'V-. , · · ' > l ·

■A •'no doubt about ;the'Bill's real·purpose. It is the first''t ] 4 J , *-t, > " " ' ■ ' ' ‘ ■ ^Xstage of the Labor Party’s plan to forge a distribution of * . »r{ ' i · ' 1 ' ‘ , -

' - x Ί /’* electoral boundaries which will keep them in office, . 7 ’

1; u ·.,The Bill does not ‘ advance the cause, of one vote - one value;

in fact, it· will operate against that objective; ' ’■ 1 ,-r 1 V r - A i ■ · ' • J -T „

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· · ■ ' ' To, arbitrarily confine the margin between the electorates to , · * ■ 1 , ' ■ i I · - ' ‘ ■ . ■

X ' .10$ will create greater distortion than permitting the 1 I ' Λ ■' * s, ' ■ *· · , ' ' »* r 1 , ■ ' , · -· ' ^

’. Electoral Commissioners a margin of 20$ when they believe ' - " ' - 7 · · _ - i 1 ' ■ . . 1 v ^ τ ' . ; ■

'S.-'ij. population’ movements require it . ; _ : i'1 · ·'·· ; ■; . • • i · ' . " ' . ' . : · < ■ ' ' ’ · ·· ' ' ' ' -

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■ The .fact.is that wef support the objective .of one.vote - one

X /value .\ We believe that electorates should b e , as near as ; : -X

X v.X-t,practicable to equal in numbers through the effective lifetime . 1 < · / · , V

‘;.y of the redistribution. We wish to prevent excessive sectiondl ·» >·Î½Î­ ■ -'v ■ s.! _. r ■ . ■ . ■ ’ - · ’ · ” * ' - j · :, ·\ X ·' V .

: 'v X, representation in', the Parliament. We are determined to prevent • ‘ ·ÏŠ¥Î§'ι·1 ■ -\V « · - .■ , Ί · ' ' ■! ■ ; ■ ,XXrv;£X ·.

! ^ Λ ν » · Μ ν » ϊ τ τ η η « / ^ o r ' -ί v* nr i n i ' η 1 η Λ + n v ^ n 1 1 a a * . · Λ " ’ · >i/ . /■ ■*' ’

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the gerrymandering of electoral boundaries,

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- > The Liberal, Party believes that when redistributions aro made/L * : ·&> < ■ . ,Χ%λ xthere^should be sufficient tolerance- above, or below the average * * 1 * ■ * * ■ ‘i » ■ , , r . 1 * . ,

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enable ^Electoral Commissioners j with estimates of population X , ! \>* ; , · - · ' '■ ·. ’ j - I ' ’ > - "3, T ‘ V " · ' ' V'lJ ; r ^ ' s

■ · v XX' movements, to achieve equality about mid-term -and thereby. - -Χνΐ V

; X ensure. ‘ the closest "approximation possible to one vote - one - ■ · ' * ’ * ’ 1,

; , ’·: value. Vr

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,V The Bill proposed! to , reduce the margin above or. below .the quota^χΧ/ΧΓ ’

; frori 20$ -to 10%. With Australian population movement patterne, Z

"and given.,an, optimum period- between redistributions,, the 20$ ‘·-;> 7 ’ · ■ vχ χ χ ' ‘ -/ ■ ' 1 · ·· ■ * · . ' ' , ' . ■ a·.·' i . ; . . ,

; * , . v . .-margin definitely,,is m o r e , democratic , ond; proper than the r e s t r i c t e d X . ; ' . " , . . . ■ , .1 ‘ i 1 1 . " · ' , 1 ' f . ” - * , , * , * . r

.■ .· .' options of^a· 10$,margin./■, χ , _ ' ' ' < ; Λ . ! 'χΐ'’/·'

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·>"·, ;The 10$ tolerance clearly! would frustrate~;*the ’efforts of . - · - ;4 · . ’ »'· · · i l - i~ · · . i . ‘ i . V . S a ' A ' . ,,,> Commissioners in'.^taking population movements· -into account while. "•s

attempting to achieve voting equality. ' s m s .

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; Electoral Bill 1 !';

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.The.-Labor Party haa i launched a massive propoganda canpaign to *z ■ · · · *·\

. ..suggest that the Labor Party are alone in seeking electoral

i J u s t i c e and that in .the past the Opposition has attempted to ■. . ■ · > :

: V' manipulate electoral boundaries for the sake of cynical i; political advantage. . v ί "i.

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f - V * .v - - ... , .

’ ; p This is a,myth. It/sis just not true. · Only once since has f.

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the party or group .of parties with the highest percentages of · * - « r , , . >> >‘i -

' V* votes* failed to capture Government; The exception was in 1954 ’· > .;/'-j T.l

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when the election w a s i contested on boundaries set in 19^8 by

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; examine these myths ,and to consider the facts.' .

, -Labor!·-.- ,0n such an/important matter it is essential to critically-'-//v - , Λ

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It--is, interesting that' in Western- Australia recently under a , . * J · '

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L a b o r ‘Government, the ..decision was' -taken in the -interests of , t, >:'i y ‘-‘ .y · ‘ ! ■

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'equity·, t o ' extend- -.the ' ‘ margin to 20$V The' United States has a - ’ ’’

· . . ■ · - ‘ · · . - . ■ - · - . ' · . 1 y?"

15$ margin. ,Canada.provides for a tolerance of variation of- « · if · . * ■ Λ. . « ' ■ [ K Ϊ 'V '

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'25$.- ‘-In most countries no margin of tolerance exists. 1 There i>> · . V;.*' - * - v

/ is /the simple requirement for electoral" districts , to be as near" . . ■ 1 , 1 . " · . * * , * ■ 1 · , * *· . ?‘ *v ,, · .

* f , , ,as practicable to equal. | , * - · , ’ ■ 1 'V t > ■

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/ $ Our.·, electoral Commissioners are not required to impose a 20$-f'i.· -, ■ * · ■ ■ *

’ y - ; < 7 margin. . They a r e "!given this provision as·' a means of achieving | >1 v -,V equity

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We regard Labor's '"Bill as opportunism. We will continue to

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i/^expose the facts ,

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