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Tourism and Recreation advisory service

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Canberra, 18th November 1974=


The Department of Tourism and Recreation has established an dvisory service on leisure-time activities,

. The Minister for Tourism and Recreation, Mr, Frank Stewart, aid today the service, would collect, collate and distribute facts, ideas d advice for people involved in planning and providing recreation


The main beneficiaries will be voluntary leaders, professional

orkers, planners, researchers and Local Government,

Community recreation, sports development, fitness, tourism and outh affairs will form the basis of the service = . :

Mr„ Stewart marked the start today with the publication of a ewsletter ’ Recreation1 , 8 , of which 5,000 copies will be distributed nitially to community groups,

. Mr, Stewart said that the service would monitor developments hroughout Australia.and overseas and its resources would form the basis f a national recreation information system, '

"I. hope it will encourage community recreation groups to ocument their activities, so that people in other parts of Australia ,

ay learn of what is happening in other areas88, Mr, Stewart said.

“Co-operation with all levels of Government and professional

d %voluntary organisations will be an important element of the service", e added, .

Mr, Stewart said the service had been.started after consultation

ith State recreation departments and organisations. '

"It will maintain links with these organisations, and with

verseas agencies, to ensure that it meets the requirements of people

n the field,

"How it will develop depends on the use people make of it",

r. Stewart said.

.B. Co d v of newsletter attached„ .

Sydney's Nimrod Theatre was one of the projects assisted by the Australian Government last year

'R E C R E A T IO N ' A N D T H E C O M M U N IT Y

With this first issue of Recreation, the Department of Tourism and Recrea­ tion launches its Advisory Service. The Service has three main func­ tions. It w ill put the community in touch w ith new ideas on leisure plann­

ing and programs, it will encourage discussion of the significance of leisure in society and an exchange of informa­ tion about recreation programs, and

it w ill provide a feed-back for Govern­ ments at all levels on the recreational facilities and programs people need. The Service is broad in its concept

and scope. It w ill provide voluntary leaders and professional workers, planners, researchers and local govern­ ment w ith information that might help them to develop new projects in com­

munity recreation, sport and fitness, tourism and the affairs of young people. As the importance of the part recre­ ation plays in Australian life is recog­

nised more widely so, too, w ill the demand for information about it increase. Recreation w ill help provide that information. It w ill be a forum for the exchange of ideas about leisure­ time activities. It w ill bring Australians

in touch with overseas developments and let voluntary workers know what is happening in other parts of Australia. How the Service develops will depend on the use people make of it. There is an obvious need for informa­ tion about leisure activities, but inter­ ests vary. The Service w ill provide guidance on where relevant information

can be found, hold seminars, and publish regular bulletins on research in Australia. You can help us by telling the Advisory Service of your particular recreational interests and require­

ments, and what you are doing to provide recreational activities. We do not presume to have all the answers but we w ill at least try. A ll you have to do is write to:

The Advisory Service, Department of Tourism and Recreation, P.O. Box 264, Civic Square, A.C.T. 2608


Minister for Tourism and Recreation

Increased assistance fo r leisure programs

Increased assistance to community recreation, tourism, and sport, provi­ ded in the 1974-75 Budget, clearly reflects the Australian Government's awareness of the importance of leisure

in society. The Minister for Tourism and Recreation, Mr Frank Stewart, said this when announcing details of the Government's assistance programs.

'Befitting the overall trend of the Budget's aim to bring about beneficial social changes in our country, the programs represent a multi-pronged attack on many long-dormant leisure

problems,' Mr Stewart said. 'The enlarged programs w ill enable the Government to expand some of the schemes we introduced last year and also to start new ones, a few on a

long-term basis,' he said. Highlights of the assistance program include:

— $4.5 million towards community leisure facilities. This is an increase of about $3 million on last year's expenditure; — $2.25 million towards the develop­

ment of tourist attractions and facilities, a rise of $1 million; and — $1.15 million for national sporting associations, an increase of about

$600,000 spent in 1973-74.

Com m unity Recreation

The Department of Tourism and Recreation's capital assistance program w ill help create community leisure and cultural facilities as well as recreational facilities under the Area Improvement

Programs. During the fiscal year, the Government w ill commit up to $11.5

million for such facilities but the expenditure w ill be limited to.$4.5 million. An amount of $231,000 has been

provided for expenditure on long- range programs designed to:

— accelerate the development of courses in community recreation at Colleges of Advanced Education; — provide assistance for study, both in

Australia and overseas, in recreation management and planning; and — examine the training of voluntary recreation workers.

The Budget also provides $250,000 for research into all facets of comm­ unity recreation and $50,000 to enable community groups to experiment with different kinds of recreation programs.


Grants under the $2.25 million scheme of assistance for tourist attractions w ill cover a wider range of projects, including visitor facilities, tourist information centres, marinas, jetties and other basic infrastructure,

as well as water, sewerage and power for tourist projects in remote areas. The Australian Tourist Commis­ sion's successful overseas promotional work w ill continue w ith an increased

budget of $3.3 million. Expenditure on a domestic tourism promotion campaign w ill be increased to $400,000.

Assistance for low-cost accommoda­ tion for young travellers w ill rise to $ 200,000.

The Government has allocated $385,000 for tourism research to ensure the continuation of domestic and regional tourism surveys.

Continued on Page 2


Mailbag clubs serve the outback

Meeting the recreational needs of people in Australia's outback has led to the development of Mailbag Clubs by the Young Women's Christian Association. .

The idea began in Queensland three years ago. Since then the scheme has grown w ith members in nineteen differ­ ent centres in outback Queensland, and the Association hopes to expand the scheme to the rest of Australia.

Mailbag Clubs began primarily to meet the needs of Aboriginal and out­ back boys and girls, Aboriginal women and teenage wives, and young people who had left school.

The first school mailbag began in Cunnamulla as a follow-up to the School Holiday Funschools, organised by the YWCA.

The scheme now has three sections — school mailbag, women's mailbag and youth mailbag. In a number of places serviced, there are no daily newspapers, no children's comics, and no magazines.

In others, the women and children can't afford to buy the material. A variety o f material goes out in the mailbags at m onthly, six weekly and three m onthly intervals. The school mailbag, for instance, which is

issued m onthly includes a k it contain­ ing a page of games, a page of songs, a page of things to do (crafts, puzzles, dot-and-dash pictures, crosswords), a

page o f things to think about, a page of news, a letter, foreign stamps. The women's mailbag includes crafts and things to do, household hints, health

leaflets, and news of women's doings. The youth mailbag consists of a kit w ith songs and music, youth club ideas and crafts, and programs.

YWCA workers spend considerable time preparing the mailbags, w ith music, games and craft illustrations. A grant from the Australian Depart­

ment of Tourism and Recreation has helped increase the range o f programs and extend membership of the clubs. A YWCA official said the support had enabled the association to more

Brisbane helpers, Mrs Felicity Holt and Mrs Dorothy Young, prepare Mailbag material

than double the program since the beginning of 1974. There are now 288 boys and girls in the school mailbag club, 83 women in the women's mailbag and 35 in the youth mailbag.

Films assist recreation planning

The Department of Tourism and Recreation has released two films showing different aspects of planning community recreation facilities.

One film Somewhere to Go (approximately 30 minutes) is a join t production w ith the South Australian Department of Education and shows how the community was consulted in the planning of community recreation complexes at two Adelaide high schools, Angle Park and Thebarton. The film emphasises the need to know what the community wants before providing recreation facilities.

The Department of Tourism and Recreation has assisted the South Australian Government to develop architect's plans for the community centres. They w ill be developed in conjunction w ith the new open-plan secondary schools which are intended to replace the existing outmoded and crowded schools.

The second film A Design for Leisure (20 minutes) is the result of research overseas and in Australia by the Melbourne architect, Mr Jack

Clarke. The film , which seeks to broaden public appreciation of the need for suitable design in building leisure facilities, was originally

screened at the national seminar 'Leisure — A New Perspective' in Canberra in April. Such was the response from local authorities that the Department decided to make it generally available.

Both films may be borrowed from the Advisory Service, the Australian National Library in Canberra, or State Departments of Recreation.

Need fo r local recreation centres

One of the goals of leisure planning is to broaden the range of opportunities available for people wherever they live. Experts in leisure planning speak o f a comprehensive recreation system or

network of facilities giving the indivi­ dual maximum choice, whether they be sports grounds, indoor complexes or walk trails through forests.

That facilities must also be access­ ible was one of the main reasons fo r a research project sponsored by the National Playing Fields Association in

England, the results of which have been published in Local Recreation Centres. The study, conducted by Michael

Dixey, took almost four years. It looked into ways of making recreation facilities more accessible at a time when emphasis has been given to indoor sports and leisure centres at 'district' level, w ith little recognition of providing facilities at the local or neighbourhood level.

The main recommendation of Local Recreation Centres is that facilities such as the village or multi-purpose hall, the games hall, squash courts,

learner swimming pool, workshops, club or meeting room, changing accommodation, refreshment lounge and children's playground or adventure

playground should be brought together into one complex and where practic­ able integrated with other neighbour­ hood community, educational and welfare facilities such as the primary school and shopping centre.

The report stresses the importance of providing for each member of the fam ily according to their particular interests and age group. It includes

plans for different sizes of local recre­ ation centres and discusses sponsor­ ship, finance and management.

Michael G.D. Dixey, Local Recreation Centres, National Playing Fields Association, 57B Catherine Place, London, SW1 E 6EY.

Increased assistance From Page 1

Sports Assistance

The sports assistance program vvill be broadened to provide aid for coach­ ing and administration costs of national associations.

Funds are provided for the success­ ful functioning of the recently formed Australian Sports Council and for a feasibility study on the proposed

National Sports Institute. An amount of $100,000 has been provided as part of a campaign to encourage more Australians to become

involved in physical recreation. Grants to surf lifesaving clubs will be increased and the $1 for $1 subsidy for rescue equipment w ill go up from $100,000 to $160,000. A further $70,000 has been appropriated for grants to needy clubs and for the purchase of power rescue boats.

The 1974-75 appropriation for national fitness w ill be $850,000.

Y outh Services

The Government will continue to assist youth organisations w ith grants totalling $250,000 and w ill provide $75,000 to expand a community

involvement program fo r young people based on an experimental scheme conducted this year in Perth.


The inaugural meeting of the Australian Sports Council was held in Sydney during August. Pictured at the meeting were (from left): Messrs Norman May, Howard Mutton, Herb Elliott, David McKenzie (chairman), Paul Brettell (secretary), Geoff Frier, Mrs Ruby Robin­ son, Messrs Julius Patching, Michael Wenden, Graham Dempster (Department of Tourism and Recreation), Lloyd Bott (Secretary of the Department of Tourism and Recreation), Miss Eunice Gill, Messrs John Bloomfield and Jim Barry. Absent: Mrs Wendy Ey, M r Syd Grange and the Hon Lindsay North MLC.

The Australian Sports Council

The Australian Sports Council, appoin­ ted in August 1974, marks a major step forward in providing assistance to Australian sportsmen and women.

The Council, representing a cross­ section of backgrounds, interests and experiences, has been formed to give expert advice on the development of sport and physical recreation in Aust­ ralia, to encourage mass participation, help develop excellence arid advise on the establishment of sporting facilities.

This supplement outlines the back­ ground to the formation of the Coun­ cil and explains how it w ill function.

Sport in one form or another has been an accepted recreation in Australia since first settlement. Australia's

fame as a sport-loving nation has spread throughout the world. Just ab­ out everybody in Australia plays or supports some kind of sport.

Such has been the development of sport and people's involvement in it, either as participant or spectator, that it is now the most important single facet in the Australian leisure environ­

ment. Many factors interact to make sport an integral part of our society and there­ fore deserving of Government support. Sport provides an opportunity for

physical effort which is simple and cheap. It can be adapted to suit per­ sonal requirements. It allows men and women to aspire to heights of achieve­

ment. It provides competition and offers a challenge. A t the same time, it is an enjoyable recreational pastime in which the masses can participate.

Increasing numbers of Australians voluntarily choose to engage in a sport that appeals to them, the sale of sport­ ing goods constitutes an important

industry, media coverage of sporting events extends the popularity of and involvement in sport, and many people spend some of their leisure time watch­

ing sporting events. A dominant theme in the report The Role, Scope and Development o f Recreation in Australia prepared by Professor John Bloomfield for the Australian Government, was that sport as a pillar of a recreation program is a popular, well-established, basically egalitarian activity which provides worthwhile recreation for millions of

Australians. It embodies a sense of community, social interaction, per­ sonal health, well-being and enjoyment. Until recently, local government

was the only arm of government which recognised, to any significant degree, the importance of sport and made some provision for it.

Now all States and the Australian Government have recognised the need to provide assistance.

Increased Government interest

Voluntary associations have provided the linch-pin in the development of sport in Australia. The Australian Government recognises the important

part being played by these organisa­ tions in providing recreational outlets for the Australian people. The aim of its sports assistance program is to supplement and strengthen the work of these organisations.

Increased Government interest in the development of sport has been expressed in financial assistance to sporting organisations. As the Minister for Tourism and Recreation, Mr

Stewart has said: 'It is no longer good enough to expect clubs and associa­ tions to continue to finance their activities through chook raffles and

generous dashes of both time and money from their dedicated support­ ers.' As a result, voluntary associations

w ill be able to function from a much broader base than previously and provide opportunities for mass partici­ pation in a variety of sports.

In assisting the various voluntary organisations, the Australian Govern­ ment is indicating that self-help w ill always be required and that the impor­ tance of the voluntary effort w ill not be diminished. The Government also recognises its responsibility to respond in areas where large numbers have

initiated their own particular partici­ pation in leisure time activities.

Sports assistance program

The sports assistance program administered by the Department of Tourism and Recreation is three­ pronged. It involves assistance to nat­

ional sporting associations for the following purposes:

— to assist amateur sporting organisa­ tions to attend national champion­ ships and international events; — to help w ith the administrative

costs of international events in Australia; and — to bring international sportsmen and women and coaches to Aust­


To achieve this, the Australian Government during 1973-74, intro­ duced a $1 million program. During 1973-74, the Government allocated $634,000. The provision for 1974-75 has been increased to $1.15 million.

The aim of the program is two-fold, Firstly, it recognises that representa­ tion at the highest level in a sport should be available to all those sports­

men and women who achieve the necessary proficiency in their chosen sport and that such representation should not be restricted by the ability to pay. Secondly, it recognises that

high travel costs, arising from long distances in Australia and Australia's geographic isolation, are major prob­ lems facing Australia's sportsmen and women who are chosen to compete at

national and international events.

Tw o essential reports

Soon after the establishment of the Department of Tourism and Recrea­ tion, the Minister commissioned Pro­ fessor John Bloomfield to report on

The Role, Scope and Development o f Recreation in Australia Professor Bloomfield, a former Australian surf representative, is now head of the Department of Physical

Education at the University of Western Australia. In his report, he recommen­ ded the establishment of a series of standing advisory committees to pro­ vide sports links w ith the community.

Subsequently, the Department com­ missioned one of Australia's leading sports administrators, the late Mr Gordon Young, M.B.E., to report on

the role, function, responsibilities and powers of an Australian Sports Council. Mr Young stressed the need for an

Australian Sports Council appropriate to Australian conditions and for it to have fle x ib ility to modify its functions and style of operation.

The first meeting of the Australian Recreation Ministers' Council in June 1973, endorsed the proposal for an Australian Sports Council.

The creation of the Australian Sports Council was seen as a major step in the process of establishing a comprehensive sports policy for Australia.

The Minister for Tourism and Rec­ reation announced the formation of the Australian Sports Council on 23 August and the inaugural meeting was

held in Sydney on 29 August. The

Orienteering, a recent addition to the Australian sports scene, gives people the opportunity to enjoy the countryside

Council met again in Melbourne early in October.

Council's terms of reference The Council's terms of reference are to provide advice on:

(i) the encouragement of wider par­ ticipation in sport and physical recreation in Australia; (ii) the raising of the standards of

performance in sport and phy­ sical recreation in Australia; (iii) the provision of sports facilities throughout Australia;

(iv) assistance towards the organisa­ tion and administration of nat­ ional sporting associations;

(v) the promotion within the com­ munity of a general understand­ ing of the value of sport and physical recreation; (vi) the establishment of a policy or

policies for the development of sports and physical recreations at national level;

(vii) the relationship between pro­ fessional bodies, sporting assoc­ iations and the Council in the development of sport and phy­ sical recreation in Australia; (viii) the encouragement of industry,

institutions, trusts and others in supporting the development of sport and physical recreation, and; (ix) any other aspects considered to

be relevant to the tasks of the Council.

A t its inaugural meeting, the Coun­ cil also discussed Australia's future sports participation in the Asian region. It was decided to investigate the prospects of Australia competing regularly in the Asian Games.

The establishment of the Council marks a new era for sport in Australia. The address of the Council is: Mr P. Brettell,

The Secretary, Australian Sports Council, P.O. Box 264, Civic Square, A.C.T. 2608

MEMBERS OF THE AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COUNCIL The members of the Australian Sports Council, who will serve a one-year term, are:

Mr David H. Mackenzie (Chairman) Solicitor, senior partner legal firm , Australian fencing representative at 3 Olympic Games, silver medallist 1962 Com­ monwealth Games; President Australian

Fencing Federation; Chairman of the Oceania Fencing Federation; acting Chair­ man of the British Commonwealth Fencing Association.

Mr Jim Barry Managing Director Avon Stationery Group Pty. Ltd., Melbourne. President Aust­ ralian Amateur Gymnastic Union; delegate to Australian Olympic Federation; Coun­ cillor National Fitness Council, Victoria;

Lieutenant Colonel (RAA) Active, Citizen M ilitary Forces.

Professor John Bloomfield Professor and Head of Department of Physical Education, University of Western Australia; Deputy Chairman, Community Recreation Council of W.A.; former Presid­ ent of Australian Sports Medicine Federa­ tion; involved with scientific sports coaching.

Mr Herb J. E lliott, M.B.E. Manager Pioneer Concrete; associated with National Heart Foundation in rehabil­ itating coronary patients and in 'get fit' campaigns; 2 gold medals 1958 Common­ wealth Games and 1 gold medal 1960

Olympic Games; sub-four-minutet miler 17 times; undefeated over 1 mile and 1500 metres; active golfer and orienteerer.

Mrs Wendy M. Ey (nee Hayes) Lecturer in P.E., Adelaide College of Advanced Education; President S.A. Women's Amateur A thletic Association; undertaken

research on 'women and sport' ; silver medal 1958 Commonwealth Games; accomplished

sportswoman in a variety of fields; selector Australian Women's Athletic Union.

Mr Geoff Frier State Supervisor of Physical Education, Tasmanian Education Department; member National Fitness Council of Tasmania; sportsman, coach and administrator in many sports, including swimming, basketball and Australian Rules.

Miss Eunice P. Gill Senior Lecturer, Department of Phy­ sical Education, University of Melbourne; former State and National representative in

Netball; past President, Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recrea­ tion; recent studies undertaken include psychological study of skilled behaviour and aesthetic evaluation of movement.

Mr Syd B. Grange, O.B.E., M.V.O. Ceremonial officer for the Government of N.S.W.; Vice Chairman Australian Olympic Federation; General Manager 1960 Australian Olympic team; Chairman Nat­

ional Fitness Council of N.S.W.; Sec/ Treasurer Amateur Swimming Union of Australia; Chairman International Commis­ sion for 1972 Olympic Games and 1973 World Championships.

Mr Norman May Sporting Commentator, Australian Broadcasting Commission. Several times N.S.W. representative at Surf Life Saving; district Rugby in Sydney; attended all Commonwealth and Olympic Games as commentator since 1962.

Mr Howard C.J..Mutton Inspector of Physical Education, South Australia; member S.A. National Fitness Council; member of Board of Outward Bound; Chairman S.A. Amateur Football

League; Chairman S.A. Secondary Schools

Sports Association; member S.A. Cricket Association's Management Committee; Sheffield Shield cricket 1959-60; 4 years as State coach S.A. Amateur Football


Hon. Lindsay A. North, M.L.C. Member for N.S.W. Legislative Council since 1964; State Secretary and General President of Australian Textile Workers

Union; active tennis player for 50 years and No. 5 Pennant Bowls player; Councillor and member of tournament committee N.S.W. L.T.A.; Director of White City Club.

Mr Julius H. Patching, O.B.E. Recreation supervisor. City of Melbourne; General Manager 2 Olympic teams; Secre­ tary Australian Olympic Federation; Chief Starter Melbourne Olympics and Perth Commonwealth Games; Area Manager Third South Pacific Games, 1969; Executive Mem­ ber Victorian National Fitness Council; Mem­

ber of Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme (Vic); member Sports Advisory Committee of the Combined Defence Forces.

Mrs Ruby Robinson, M.B.E. Sports writer, Brisbane; President Australian Women's Hockey Association; member of the Queensland Olympic Coun­ cil; Queensland National Fitness Council;

Manager women's team at Mexico Olym­ pics; former President Brisbane Softball Association; life member Queensland Swimming Association; Executive Mem­ ber Queensland Netball Association.

Mr Michael Wenden, M.B.E. Commonwealth Bank employee, Captain of 4 Australian swimming teams, represented at 2 Olympic and 3 Common­ wealth Games; many swimming medals and records; member N.S.W. Amateur Swimm­

ing Association's Board of Management.


Australia's most famous ruin at Port Arthur near Hobart. It is being restored with Australian Government assistance

First stage of domestic prom otion

The 'where' and 'how' of planning a holiday have been solved for young Australians who wish to see more of their country.

Australia: A Land O f Things To Do is the first step in a three-stage program to promote Australia to Australians. We are being encouraged to see Aust­ ralia first.

Earlier this year, the Government asked the Department of Tourism and Recreation to develop a domestic tourism program. Because of its experience in promoting Australia overseas, the Australian Tourist Comm­

ission was asked to plan the campaign. The A.T.C. found an insatiable need for information about Australia and ideas on where to go and how

much it would cost. The Australian travelling public generally falls into three groups: young people w ith no children, families, and older people w ith no dependants.

Each group has its own special require­ ments. Young people, as the first group to be encouraged, want to explore and experience their own country. They have the freedom and ability to travel widely. Australia: A Land O f Things To Do is the travel guide produced by the A.T.C. and aimed at the young (another two guides w ill follow). It outlines a wide range o f travel ideas and infor­ mation for each State and Territory, in a light-hearted, contemporary idiom.

Through this book and advertising in major newspapers, television and cinemas, the A.T.C. is reaching those young Australians it is seeking, plus

many older people who are looking for something new in their holidays.

Australia: A Land Of Things To Do is available from travel agents, tourist bureaux and other travel organisations such as airlines and railways.

Tourism im portant in O EC D countries

World trends in tourism development have created a new situation for tourism. The Organisation for Econ­ omic Co-operation and Development (OECD) says this in a report by its Tourism Committee.

The OECD represents the major European nations, as well as North America, Japan, New Zealand and Australia.

The report cites, as factors respon- siblefor the slower rate of expansion of international tourist traffic, the uncertainty caused by inflation, the energy situation, the deterioration in countries' balances of payments, and the slower rate of economic growth.

The impact of this situation for governments' tourism policies w ill depend on the importance they attach to continued growth of tourism and to the economic, social and environmen­ tal consequences of such growth,' the

report says. For the last two decades, according to the report, international tourism has been playing an increasingly impor­ tant part in the economies o f most

OECD member countries. Tourism's foreign exchange earnings total more than 5 per cent of the total visible and invisible earnings of OECD countries taken together, not count­

ing receipts from international trans­ port. Tourism must, therefore, be maintained at an economic level. The present situation, the report says, should lead Governments to

review their medium- and longer-term forecasts and to take appropriate measures according to the priority given to the tourism sector w ithin the

national economy.

New world forum for tourism

International tourism now has its own inter-governmental body, the World Travel Organisation (WTO). WTO w ill expand on the programs

being carried out by the International Union of Official Travel Organisations by providing a forum of inter-govern­ mental discussion. It w ill be the spokes­ man for tourism at the international

level. In announcing the formation of WTO, the Organisation declared that tourism was an instrument of econ­ omic and social development in today's world and aided the exchange of ideas and policies between govern­

ments. More than 800 million people travelled in the past year. In recent years, governments have turned from merely promoting tourism to constructively managing it

in the public interest. WTO believes tourism offers a potential for improved health services and infrastructures where they did not exist before.


'Going forw ard' is coach's theme

GOING FORWARD is the name of the game, according to Ray Williams, Coach­ ing Organiser for the Welsh Rugby Union.

Williams, who is regarded as one of the most creative thinkers in the game, recently spent a month in Australia explaining his successful methods.

He sees GOING FORWARD as the first principle of modern Rugby Union because no team can play well if it is running sideways or backwards, and he claims it is surprising how few coaches work on this vital principle.

If GOING FORWARD is accepted by a team it becomes part of the team plan, but if a player breaks the agree­ ment he becomes a d ifficult person to play with.

Williams' second principle is SUPPORT. Players must support the ball carrier. Once the team w ith the ball is GOING FORWARD and has SUPPORT it is in position to keep its attack going and the opposition must then stop the attack to be let o ff the

hook. The first two principles lead to the third, CONTINUITY. Handling and accurate kicking become continuity techniques because they enable players to maintain their team's attack.

The fourth and last principle in Williams' message is PRESSURE. Pressure football, although the one defensive principle, is important because people (that is opponents)

make mistakes under pressure. This becomes a positive plan for defence. To sum up, Williams says players must be shown how they can go for­ ward with good passing, kicking,

scrummaging, back alignment and so on. They must learn to support the ball carrier intelligently. Coaches must give players the techniques which w ill assist them to keep the ball moving, which means maintaining continuity.

With Australian Government assis­ tance, Williams spread his message at lectures and demonstrations in Perth, Adelaide, Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney, Brisbane and Toowoomba.

Australians respond to Fitness Australia

Fitness Australia — a national campaign conducted for two months in all States from March — demonstrated that Aust­ ralians are responsive to the need for greater physical fitness.

The campaign, recommended by the Australian Council for National Fitness and co-ordinated by the Aust­ ralian Government, was conducted by State National Fitness and Recreation Councils.


Program aims to create awareness

An experimental youth program . carried out in Western Australia will form the basis o f community involve- • ment schemes in other States.

The experimental project was under­ taken by the Community Recreation Council of Western Australia for the Australian Department of Tourism and

Recreation. The aim of the project was to create in young people an awareness of their comm unity and to encourage them to become actively involved in it.

Thirty-one young people between the ages of 16 and 26 participated in the program which involved a range of com m unity service projects carried out over a period of four weeks.

The idea was modelled on the Opportunities fo r Youth' scheme in Canada. Many o f the projects undertaken by the young people were so successful that they are being continued.

According to the project director, Mr Lloyd White, there were obvious changes in the attitudes o f the young people themselves as a result of taking part in the scheme.

The projects undertaken by the young people included:

— playgroups for small children to allow their mothers to take part in discussion groups; — introducing children to fish-keeping

as a hobby; — preparing details of organisations available to help Aborigines; — bringing handicapped children and

their mothers together in informal playgroups; — a survey of drug services; — an inventory of social services

available to young people to help solve their problems; — a booklet on social activities avail­ able to young people; — establishing a playground;

— a directory of camps for school groups and youth organisations; — organising holiday activities for school children; — making a film of recreational

problems and needs; — providing play facilities for child­ ren in flats; and — providing entertainment for young


A ll concerned w ith the project ranked it a success. In the words of project director, Lloyd White, 'I t was a wonderful experience'.

Project: Community Involvement and Aware­ ness. A project to involve young people in the community. Conducted by the Commun­ ity Recreation Council of Western Australia for the Australian Department of-Tourism and Recreation.

A Community Involvement and Awareness project in Perth provided entertainment for young people

New guide to research material Youth workers in Australia now have access to appropriate research material

through the National Youth Council of Australia's (NYCA) Youth Studies in Australia: an annotated bibliography, 1969-1971.

This book is the work o f Dr Faith Thompson of NYCA, Mrs Kerreen Reiger and Professor Jean Martin of the Sociology Department of Monash

University, and was funded by the Myer Foundation, the Department of Tourism and Recreation and a number of interested organisations.

Initially the project aimed at cover­ ing the entire post-war period but because resources were limited, it is now a guide to mostly Australian

literature published from 1969 to 1971. A grant from the Department of Tourism and Recreation w ill ensure that annual supplements keep the work up to date.

'Youth Studies' covers 'the social­ isation and normal development of adolescents' in the 12 to 20 age group and lists material ranging from research findings and statistics to theories and

personal opinions. Entries are arranged under 25 subject headings w ith an author and subject index.

Youth Studies in Australia: an annotated bibliography, 1969-1971, edited by Dr Faith Thompson and Mrs Kerreen Reiger and published by the National Youth Council

of Australia, Melbourne, 1974.

Young people have their say

A major study of how young people in Australia want to spend their leisure time has been released by the Minister for Tourism and Recreation, Mr Frank Stewart.

The report is the result of the Youth Say project undertaken for the Aust­ ralian Government by the National Youth Council of Australia.

The purpose of the project was to let Australia's young people between the ages of 12 and 20 say what their recreational priorities are. It is an exhaustive study of what young

people think, feel and do. About 1,300 young people took part in the project, which broke new ground in Australia.

Some of the major findings of the report were:

— Young people want social exper­ iences, a sense of community and some personal responsibility for that community.

— Recreational interests vary at differ­ ent age levels but there is very little difference in interests after the age of 14.

— Boys between 12 and 14 show a strong interest in team sports. This interest tapers o ff as they get older.

— Young people seek informal, loose­ ly structured, social pastimes.

— They have a major interest in music.

— They seek their own sport or places for recreation under their own control.

— They value the help of adult youth workers when it is given in a spirit of responsive partnership.

Mr Stewart told Parliament that the implications in the report spread to all levels of government.

The Recreational Priorities o f Australian Young People. Report to the Minister for Tourism and Recreation on the Youth Say project conducted by the National Youth

Council of Australia, for the Department of Tourism and Recreation, Canberra.

Film reflects scouting's new look A 16-minute film recently given its Australian premiere in Canberra illus­

trates the new look of scouting. In 1973 the Scout Association of Australia introduced new programs of scout activities, revised handbooks, a contemporary approach to leader train­

ing and, most obviously, a new uniform. The film Mayday, Mayday was produced to publicise the new approach.

Mayday, Mayday' is a 16-minute, 16 mm colour film available from the national, New South Wales, Queensland and Victorian State Centres of the Scout


Published for the Department of Tourism and Recreation by the Australian Govern­ ment Publishing Service, Canberra.