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Nuclear explosion by India



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inJCIu,Ai< rJXPlOSION BY INDIA

The F o r e ig n M i n i s t e r , S e n a to r Bon Y /ille see , ,

commented today on th e n u c l e a r e x p lo s io n announced by th e Government of I n d i a on 18 May . ' '

S e n a to r W ille s e e s a id t h a t th e I n d ia n e x p lo s io n

r a i s e d im p o rta n t q u e s t i o n s abrnrb th e use of n u c l e a r

e x p lo s io n s f o r p e a c e f u l p u r p o s e s . In the A u s t r a l i a n view such

e x p lo s io n s should ta k e p la c e w i t h in th e framework o f comprehensive c o n t r o l s i n t e r n a t i o n a l l y a g re e d . The I n d i a n experim ent u n d e r­

l i n e d th e im portance of p r o g r e s s i n the e s t a b l is h m e n t of

i n t e r n a t i o n a l arran g em en ts i n t h i s a r e a and th e need f o r

u n i v e r s a l a c c e p ta n c e of th e s e arran g em en ts

S e n a to r W illese e s a id he n o ted t h a t th e Government

of I n d i a h a d ■d e s c r ib e d th e e x p lo s io n as a " p e a c e f u l n u c l e a r

e x p lo s io n e x p e rim e n t1 1 and had s t a t e d t h a t I n d i a had no i n t e n t i o n

of pro d u cin g n u c l e a r weapons. He welcomed th e s e c l e a r

a s s u r a n c e s by th e I n d i a n Government, S e n a to r W ille s e e s a id t h a t , a lth o u g h th e I n d i a n -

Government had r e i t e r a t e d i t s s t r o n g o n p o s i t io n to m i l i t a r y use

of n u c l e a r e x p lo s io n s , th e I n d i a n e x p lo s io n l a s t weekend a l s o

had to be c o n s id e re d i n r e l a t i o n to th e N u c lea r N o n - P r o l i f e r a t i o n

T r e a ty . The A u s t r a l i a n Government viewed w ith concern any a c t i o n t h a t may encourage o r f a c i l i t a t e f u r t h e r p r o l i f e r a t i o n

of n u c l e a r weapons. S e n a to r W ille s e e s a id t h a t he b e li e v e d t h a t

A u s t r a l i a ' s concern i n t h i s r e s p e c t would be w id ely sh a red i n

th e i n t e r n a t i o n a l community. I t was a n a t t e r of r e g r o t t h a t a

number of c o u n t r i e s , i n c l u d i n g I n d i a , had n o t become p a r t i e s

to th e n o n - P r o l i f e r a t i o n Trcwsy.