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Review of the employment situation, end-June 1965



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DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR AN D N ATIO NAL SERVICE

N E W S R E L E A S E

Embargo: Do not broadcast or . publish before

9 p.m. on Monday 19th July 1965,

REVIEW OF THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION, END-JUDE 1965

BY

THE HON. WILLIAM McMAHON, M.P.,

MINISTER FOR LABOUR AND NATIONAL SERVICE

"In the last three months the labour market statistics have shown some variation from the pattern of earlier months. Clearly adverse seasonal conditions in New South Wales and Queens­ land have meant that some males normally engaged in rural work have become available for other employment. In Queensland, men have not been absorbed as quickly in sugar harvesting. During these

three months increases in registrants have occurred in New South Wales (1,058), Victoria (642), Tasmania (541) and South Australia (113). Decreases have occurred in Queensland (1,529) and Western Australia (351)·" The Minister for Labour and National

Service, Mr. William McMahon, said this today when releasing his Department's monthly statistics.

"During June there was an increase of 302 - a rise of 552 males and a fall of 250 females - in the number of persons registered for employment with the Commonwealth Employment Service, Mr. McMahon said. At the end of June there were 22,403 males and

19,742 females registered for employment.

"As is usual for June, job vacancies declined. But the level of job vacancies at 44,689 was the highest for June for ten years," Mr. McMahon added. Moreover, vacancies were notified to the Commonwealth Employment Service at the same rate as June 1964.

Mr. McMahon said that there was continued strong demand for junior labour. The number of juniors registered, that is, all persons under 21, fell by 349·

Other features of the June figures mentioned by Mr. McMahon w e r e .

. The increase in persons registered was made up of rises of 788 in New South Wales, 426 in Western Australia, 321 . in Victoria, 254 in Tasmania and 111 in South Australia. There was a fall of 1,598 in Queensland. " " "

. The 42,145 registrants in Australia at 2nd July 1965 represented 0.9$ of the estimated work force.* The . percentages by State were: New South Wales 0.9$; . Victoria 0.7$;- Queensland 1.4$; South Australia 0.8$;

Western Australia 1.2$; and Tasmania 1.6$. .

• - . The numb.e.r of recipients of Unemployment Benefit in c r e a s e d b y 270 d u r in g th e m o n th to 12, 855 a t 3 rd J u ly .

2.

. Job vacancies registered with the Commonwealth Employ­ ment Service fell in all States except South Australia and totalled 44,689 at 2nd July 1965, 32,071 for males and 12,618 for females.

. Vacancies were notified to the Commonwealth Employment Service at a weekly rate of 10,684 and placements were made at a weekly rate of 7,578.

. Employment in the larger private factories regularly surveyed by the Department decreased by 870 or 0.1$. Apart from the seasonally affected food, drink and tobacco industries the decrease was 557, mainly in

electrical machinery and cables, other metal manufacture, chemicals and oils, and footwear. *

* The Australian work force, as defined by the Commonwealth Statistician for Census purposes, includes employers, · self-employed, wage and salary earners, including rural workers and those in private domestic service, unemployed

persons, members of the Forces, and all helping in any industry, business, trade or service even if not in receipt of wage or salary. No precise statistics of the work force as a whole are as yet available, except for Census dates; if in each State it represented the pro­ portion of the estimated population that it did at the

1961 Census, it would total over 4.5 millions.

j

DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR A N D NATIO N AL SERVICE

N E W S R E L E A S E

THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION

END-JUNE 1965

During June the Department’s monthly survey of employ­ ment in some 2,800 larger private factories, employing about 641,000 persons, showed a decrease of 870 (a decrease of 98 males and 772 females; or 0.1$. Falls occurred in New South Wales

(753 or 0.3$), Victoria (424 or 0.2$), Tasmania (337 or 1.6$), South Australia (183 or 0.3$) and Western Australia (56 or 0.2$). In Queensland there was an increase of 883 or 1.6$.

In the seasonally affected food, drink and tobacco industries, employment fell by 313 (an increase of 142 males arid a decrease of 455 females). There were seasonal reductions in employment in fruit and vegetable processing in Tasmania, in meat

slaughtering and processing in Victoria, and in biscuit manufac- . tuning in New South Wales. The main increases were in sugar ( milling and meat slaughtering in Queensland.

Apart from food, drink and tobacco, employment in the industries surveyed decreased by 557 (a decrease of 240 males and 317 females) or less than 0.1$. By State there were declines in New South Ήales (169 or less than 0.1$), Victoria (145 or less

than 0.1$), Queensland (81 or 0.2$), Western Australia (75 or 0.3$), South Australia (51 or less than 0.1$) and Tasmania (36 or 0.2$). By industry the largest decreases were in electrical machinery and cables (392), other metal manufacture (319), . chemicals and oils (202) and footwear (184). The main increases

were in motor vehicles (374), basic metals (229), and textiles and knitted goods (141).

There v/as a small decrease in employment on the major public works regularly surveyed by the Department.

. During June an average of 10.684 new vacancies a week , (6,935 for males and 3,749 for females) were notified to the ( Commonwealth Employment Service, a decrease of 904 on the May rate. . Persons were placed in employment at an average rate of 7,578 a

week (5,015 for males and 2,563 for females), a decrease of 433 on . . May. For females, both the vacancy notification and the placement rates were at record levels for June.

At 2nd July 1965 there were 44,689 vacancies (32,071 for males and 12,618 for females) registered with the Commonwealth Employment Service, a fall of 2,436 since 28th May. There were reductions in all States except South Australia, the largest being-

in Victoria,, New South Wales and Western Australia. Vacancies usually fall during June. .

' Persons who had claimed when registering that they were

not employed and v/ho were recorded as unplaced at 2nd July totalled 42,145 (22,403 males and 19,742 females), an increase of 302 since ' the previous month. Increases occurred in New South Wales (788), Western Australia (426), Victoria (321), Tasmania (254) and South ‘

Australia (111). There was a fall of 1,598 in Queensland, mainly . because of increased employment in the sugar industry.

The number of juniors, that is all persons under 21 including school leavers, registered for employment fell by 349. Junior females decreased by 569 but juriior males rose by 220. The fall in junior females was spread over all States with the exception of South Australia, and the increase in junior males v/as mainly in New South Wales and Victoria. .

2

There were more adult males and adult females registered for employment in all States except Queensland. The total increase in adults registered was 651 , made, up of 332 males and 319 females.

The number of recipients of Unemployment Benefit at 3rd . July 1965 was 12,835 (6,930 males and 5,925 females), an increase of 270 since 29th May 1965· There were increases in New South Wales (466), Tasmania (218)., Western Australia (173), Victoria

(125) and South Australia (116). In Queensland there was a decrease of 828. .

State features were:-NEW SOUTH WALES ' . . '

In the factories covered by the Department’s employment survey:

seasonally reduced employment in biscuits, fruit processing and ice cream;

increased employment in basic metals, textiles and · knitted goods, bricks, rubber, paper products and printing; · '

reduced employment in television and radio components, „ non-ferrous metals, footwear and wire. .

An increase of 466 in the number of persons receiving Unemploy­ ment Benefit, mainly in the Sydney metropolitan, Newcastle, . Armidale, Taree, Cowra and Wollongong Employment Offices.

VICTORIA ■

In the factories covered by the Department’s employment survey:

seasonally increased employment in dried fruit and biscuits; ■

seasonally reduced employment in meat slaughtering and processing;

increased employment in motor vehicles, printing, and textiles and knitted goods;

reduced employment in electrical heating appliances, stoves and ovens, plant and machinery, television and radio components, chemical fertilizers and footwear.

An increase of 125 in the number of persons receiving Unemploy­ ment Benefit, mainly in the Melbourne metropolitan and Geelong Employment. Offices.

QUEENSLAND ' ■ .

In the factories covered by the Department’s employment survey:

. seasonally increased employment in meat slaughtering and processing and in sugar;

. increased employment in clothing and tallow refining;

. . reduced employment in ply mills. . "

A decrease of 828 in the number of persons receiving Unemploy­ ment Benefit, mainly, in the Innisfail, Rockhampton, Cairns, Mackay, Ingham, Atherton and Ayr Employment Offices. .

3

SOUTH AUSTRALIA

In the factories covered "by the Department’s employment survey:

, seasonally reduced employment in fruit and fish processing; . . . ' .

, increased employment in motor vehicles and components, and domestic appliances; ■ · .

„ reduced employment in chemical fertilizers, paper products and printing, and textiles and knitted goods.

An increase of 116 in the number of persons receiving Unemploy­ ment Benefit, mainly in the Adelaide metropolitan, Mt. Gambier and Elizabeth Employment Offices.

WESTERN AUSTRALIA -

In. the factories covered "by the Department 's employment survey:

. seasonally increased employment in meat processing;

. seasonally, reduced employment in fruit processing; · .

. increased employment in "basic metals and steel pipes;

. reduced employment in chemical fertilizers.

An increase of 173 in the number of persons receiving Unemploy­ ment Benefit, mainly in the Perth metropolitan, Bunbury and Northam Employment Offices. . . .

T A S M A N I A

In the factories covered "by the Department's employment survey:

, seasonally reduced employment in fruit and vegetable processing;

, reduced employment in ship repairs.

An increase of 218 in the number of persons receiving Unemploy­ ment Benefit, mainly in the Hobart and Launceston Employment Offices. -

Department of Labour and National Service, MELBOURNE. '

19th July 1 9-65

APPENDIX 1

COMMONWEALTH EMPLOYMENT SERVICE

Persons. Registered for Employment ^ 2nd July 1965

Males .

Adults Juniors (Under 21)

Females ·

Adults Juniors (Under 21)

Total

New South' Wales (ii) .. .. .. 6,287 2,034 3,634 3,715 15,670

Victoria .. .. .......... ·· 3,798 987 2,657 1,329 8,771

8,360 Queensland .... ..·.. .. 800 1,715 1,765

South Australia (iii) ... .. 1,088 295 1,401 749 3,533

Western Australia ....... ·· 1,487 287 926 876 3,576

Tasmania ................ .· 949 311 464 511 2,235

Australia 17,689 4,714 10,797 8,945 42,145

Vacancies Registered 2nd July 1965 Males Females Total

New South Wales (ii) .. .. • 10,575 5,027 15,602

Victoria ................ ·. 12,424

. 2,786

5,477 983

17,901 3,769 Queensland ....... . ..

South Australia (iii) . .. • 3,845 511 4,356

Western Australia ....... • 1,973 449 ' 2,422

639 Tasmania......... ....... . 468 171

Australia

Recipients of Unemployment Benefit

32,071 12,618 44,689

3rd July 1965 Males Females Total

New South Wales (ii) .. .. • 2,497 2,371 4,868

Victoria ................ . 1,224

• 1,874

791 2,015

Queensland ............. 1,192 3,066

South Australia (iii) . .. • 247 . 471 718

Western Australia ....... . 561 681 1,242

Tasmania ................ . 527 419 946

Australia 6,930 5,925 12,855

. (i) Persons who had claimed when registering that they were not employed and who were recorded as unplaced at 2nd July 1965· Includes those referred to employers and any who had obtained employment without notifying the C.E.S.. All recipients of Unemployment Benefit are included. (ii) Includes Australian Capital Territory. . (iii) Includes Northern Territory. .

Employment Officeswith Most Recipients of Unemployment Benefit

(Note: The districts served by many Employment Offices extend far beyond the places after which the Offices are named.) .

New South Wales: Sydney metropolitan (1,073), Newcastle (666), Wollongong (36l), Lismore (305), Maitland (219), Cessnock (202), Taree (18?), Armidale (173), Lithgow (164), Kempsey (154), Broken Hill (141), Leeton (139), Wagga Wagga (137), Grafton (129), Cowra (104) and Gosford (104) Employment Offices.

Victoria: Melbourne metropolitan (911), Geelong (408),' Bendigo (144), Warragul . (129) and Ballarat (103) Employment Offices. , .

Queensland: Brisbane metropolitan (676), Bundaberg (428), Cairns (310), : Toovroomba (258), Rockhampton (257), Maryborough (243), Townsville (219) and Ipswich (116) Employment Offices. . ' ' ; . · .

South Australia: Adelaide metropolitan (485) and Elizabeth (101) Employment Offices. . ' ;

Western Australia: Perth metropolitan (924) and Bunbury (201) Employment Offices.

Tasmania: Hobart metropolitan (671) and Launceston (212) Employment Offices.

APPENDIX 2

COMMONWEALTH EMPLOYMENT SERVICE

Persons and Vacancies Registered, 2nd July 196*3

OCCUPATIONS - AUSTRALIA

Persons Registered Vacancies Registered

Males Female!·: Males Females

A. R u r a l ............. .. .... .. .. .. .................................... 75 642 19

B. Professional, semi-professional, commercial, clerical and administrative . 9,316 5,084 4,624

C. Skilled building and construction . .. ................ .................. , 1 2,032 -

D. Skilled metal and electrical ............................................ , 7 9,687 25

E. Other skilled and semi-skilled manual .................................... . .. 7,318 4,593 9,095 5,085

P. Unskilled manual ............. ... .. ................................... . 56 4 ,6 6 8 67

G. All other occupations.............. ............. ........................ .

/

. 5,694 863 2,798

Total 22,403 19,742 32,071 12,618

Persons

Occupations* Persons Registered Vacancies Registered Males

A ......... 690

B ------ .. .. 835

C . . . . . . . . .. 230

D ..... ........ 245

E .. .. .... .. 2,788.

P ....... .. o. 2,721

G ............. 812

Total 8,321

A . . .. .. .. .. 28

B . . ... . . . . . . 187

C . . . . . . .« . . 74

D .. .. .. .. .. 99

E .. .. .. .. .. 439

P . . . . o. . . o. 404

G .. .. .. .. o. 132

Total 1,383

* See previous appendix

Females Males Females

New South Wales

43 140 3

3,287 1,872 2,181

1 485 . -

- 2,926 6

1,794 2,712 1,696

22 2,085 36

2,202 355 1,105

7,349 10,575 5,027

South Australia

6 97 5

988 369 192

- 276 -

1 1,061 5

648 . 1,126 125

6 ■ 857 6

. 501 59 178

2,150 3,845 511

COMMONWEALTH EMPLOYMENT SERVICE

and Vacancies Registered, 2nd July 1963

r n

APPENDIX 3

OCCUPATIONS - BY STATE

Persons Registered Vacancies Registered Persons Registered Vacancies Registered Males Females Males Females Males Females Males Females

Victoria Queensland

189 9 196 7 979 14 110 3

517 1,788 2,143 1,542 412 1,822 37 6 424

210 - 727 - .111 - 352 -

174 5 4,148 12 148 ■ - 919 2

1,774 1,213 3,805 3,021 1,307 456 689 183

1,301 6 1,115 9 1,650 13 227 13

620 965 290 886 273 1,175 113 358

4,785 3,986 12,424 5,477 4,880 3,480 2,786 983

Western Australia Tasmania

91 - 91 1 73 3 8 -

229 1,008 255 223 118 423 69 62

84 - 118 . - 30 - 74 -

84 - 477 - 21 1 156

5.17 .. 287 671 53 473 195 92 7

554 4 329 3 445 5 55 -

215 503 32 169 100 348 14 102

1,774 1,802 1,973 449 1,260 975 468 171

FACTORY OVERTIME AND SHORT TIME

. ■ APPENDIX 4 ·

The Department's survey of overtime and short time worked in the week ended 21st May 1965 covered about 2,500 larger private factories, employing 526,000 persons. Overtime was worked by 72.6$ of the factories and 40>0$ of the employees; it represented 3.4 hours ,

per employee, in the survey. Short time was worked by less than 0.1$ of the factories and less than 0.1$ of-the employees; hours lost represented less than 0.1 per employee in survey.

In addition a total of 104 persons were stood down from employment in two factories' for the whole of the survey week.

I. BY STATE

Factory overtime: week ended 21st May 1965

c:

Percentage working overtime:

Average hours of overtime:

factories in survey employees in survey

per person working overtime per employee

in survey

R ev/ South Wales 74.0 40.2 8.2 3.3

Victoria 70.6 ■ 36.5 7.9 2.9

Queensland 76.0 47.1 10.0 4.7

South Australia 73.4 47.1 8.7 4.1

.Yestem Australia 68.6 40.0 8.6 3.4

Tasmania 71.1 27.1 8.8 . 2.4

Australia 72.6 40.0 8.4 3.4

Factory short time: week ended 21st May 1965

-■ ' .

Percentage working . short time: Average short

hours of time:

factories in survey employees in survey

per person working short time

per employee in survey

New South Wales nil -— nil nil nil

Victoria 0 0 ~0~- 0 -

Queensland . nil nil nil nil

South Australia nil nil nil nil

Western Australia nil nil nil nil

Tasmania . nil nil nil nil

Australia · . . 0 ' . 0 0 ' 0

0 One factory working short time; details not available for publication.

II. BY INDUSTRY

Factory overtime: week ended 21st May 1963

■ Percentage working Average hours of

overtime: overtime: .

factories in employees in per person working overtime

per employee

survey survey in survey

uilding materials 75.1 43-9 8.8 3-9

asic metals · 89.7 . 56.5 9.2 5.2

ransport equipment 79.8 52.3 7.8 4.1

ther metal manuf actures

86.1 45-3 8.5 3-9 .

hemicals and allied products .

75.0 32.5 7.2 2.3

lothing & textiles 50.3 21 .5 6.4 1.4

'ood, drink & tobacco 66.9 36.2 9.3 3.4

11 other manufacturing

78.7 30.4 8.6 2.6

<. .

Total 72.6 40.0 . 8.4 3.4

Factory short time: week ended 21st May 1963

Percentage working short time:

Average short hours of time: '

factories in survey employees in survey

per person working short time per employee

in survey

uilding materials nil nil nil nil

( f ic metals 1 —a sport equipment nil nil nil nil

nil nil nil nil

ther metal nil nil nil nil . manufactureshemicals and allied . nil nil nil nil products0 0 lothing & textiles 0 0 ood, drink & tobacco nil nil nil nil11 other ‘manufacturing nil . nil nil nilTotal 0 0 0 0One factory working short time; details not available for publication.