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Renaming of Gallipoli Peninsula

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FOR MEDIA 18 March 1985


I am pleased to announce that the Turkish Government has agreed to rename that part of the Gallipoli Peninsula where the Anzac landing took place 70 years ago, "Anzac Cove".

In return the Australian Government will give suitable recognition to the heroism and self sacrifice that distinguished both the Anzacs and Turkish participants in the campaign.

We have agreed to the establishment of an Ataturk Memorial Garden in Canberra in the suburb of Campbell, near the Australian War Memorial. It will feature a commemorative stone on which will be inscribed the tribute of Kemal Ataturk, commander of the Turkish

forces at Gallipoli and later founder and first President of modern Turkey, to his opponents. This tribute, written by Ataturk in 1934 in connection with the anniversary of the Gallipoli

battles, reads -"Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives ... You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between

the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this country of ours ... You, the mothers, who sent their sons from far away countries wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well."

The memorial will include a bas-relief of Ataturk.

We have also agreed, as a memorial to the men of Anzac and their opponents, to name a part of the northern lakeshore of Lake Burley Griffin, "Gallipoli Reach". The name Gallipoli will always evoke for Australians that terrible conflict in which, against a gallant

and determined foe, the full consciousness of our nationhood was born.

I am also pleased to be able to say that the Western Australian Government has agreed to the naming of the entrance to Princess Royal Harbour, Albany, after Ataturk. This recognises the historial links between Albany and the Gallipoli campaign, for it was in King George Sound that the convoys assembled that were


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carrying the Australian and New Zealand troops who were bound eventually for Anzac Cove. For many of the troops this was to be their last sight of Australia. "

Arrangements are being made with the Turkish authorities for appropriate ceremonies in Australia and at Anzac Cove to commemorate this historic occasion.

New Zealand, our proud partner in Anzac, will of course be equally involved in these events.

I believe that all Australians will acknowledge the generous gesture of the Turkish Government in agreeing to recognise officially the name of Anzac Cove, which means so much in the history of Australia and New Zealand. The Turkish Government will also erect at Anzac Cove a memorial for the Anzacs similar to that being erected in Canberra. It is a singular act of friendship to a former foe. It is fitting that we should reciprocate in k i n d ,

in the name of peace and friendship between our nations.