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Parliamentary luncheon in Honour of Hu Yaubang



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PRIME MINISTER

FOR MEDIA 15 APRIL 1985

SPEECH BY I HE PRIME M IN IS T E R

PARLIAMENTARY LUNCHEON IN HONOUR UF HU YAUBANG

GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE

COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA

CANBERRA - 1 5 A P R IL 1 9 8 5

Your Ex c e l l e n c y Ge n e r a l - S e c r e t a r y Hu, Di s t i n g u i s h e d l e a d e r s

of t h e Co m m u n is t Party of c h i n a and s e n i o r r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s

of t h e Government of Ch i n a and of Sh a n g h a i Mu n i c i p a l i t y ,

Am ba s s ado r Ni e , La d i e s and Ge n t l e m e n .

On b e h a l f of my colleagues i n t h e Go v e r n m e n t and i n the

Pa r l i a m e n t , and on be h a l f of t h e Au s t r a l i a n p e o p l e , may I

welcome you formally to Au s t r a l i a .

Your v i s i t follows the v e r y p r o d u c t i v e e x ch ang e of v i s i t s

b e t w e e n Pr e m i e r Zhao and m y s e l f i n 1 9 8 3 an d 1 9 8 a . I t

p r o v i d e s the Au s t r a l ia n Go v e r n m e n t w i t h t h e o p p o r t u n i t y to

EXPRESS TO YOU THE PROFOUND IMPORTANCE AUSTRALIA ATTACHES

TO IT S RELATIONSHIP WITH-CHINA AND THE HIGH REGARD THAT

WE HAVE FOR YOUR NATION AND FOR IT S ACHIEVEMENTS IN RECENT

YEARS.

2 .

UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF YOUR PARTY, THE OUTPUT AND

EFFICIENCY OF C HINA 'S AGRICULTURAL SECTOR HAVE DEVELOPED

DRAMATICALLY.

Betw een 1953 and 1 9 7 8 yo ur a g r i c u l t u r a l o u t p u t grew

UNEVENLY AND SLOWLY. YOU TRIPLED THE RATE OF GROWTH AFTER

1979 AND IN 1984 ACHIEVED A FURTHER DOUBLING TO 1 4 . 5 PERCENT.

THIS HAS BEEN ACHIEVED BY A RESTRUCTURING OF YOUR AGRICULTURAL

ECONOMY, GIVING GREAT FREEDOM TO FARMING HOUSEHOLDS NOT ONLY

TO PRODUCE MORE BUT ALSO TO ENRICH THEIR L I V E S . MORE MAJOR

TASKS, OF BUILDING RURAL INDUSTRY AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, TO

MEET CONSUMER NEEDS, L IE AHEAD.

NOW YOU ARE CARRYING THE ECONOMIC REFORMS INTO THE C IT IE S

OF CHINA. THERE HAVE ALREADY BEEN CONSIDERABLE ACHIEVEMENTS.

THE AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH OF CONSUMPTION FROM 1 9 5 3 TO 1978

WAS 2 , 2 PERCENT AND THAT FROM 1 9 79 TO 1 9 8 4 , AFTER ALLOWING

FOR INFLATION, WAS 7 . 5 PERCENT.

I n 1 9 8 4 , to h a s t e n t h e pace of growth an d m o d e r n i z a t i o n ,

you a d o p t e d p o l i c i e s a l l o w in g more open e c o n o m i c and

OTHER CONTACTS WITH OTHER COUNTRIES.

I n Oc to b e r 1984 you made a f u n d a m e n t a l c o m m i t m e n t t h a t t h e

SWEEPING REFORMS IN AGRICULTURE SHOULD BE APPLIED TO

INDUSTRY AND THAT IN FUTURE THE SERVICE SECTOR AND THE

NEEDS OF CONSUMERS WOULD HAVE HIGH PRIORITY.

3 .

Your 7t h 5 - y e a r p l a n ( 1 9 8 6 - 1 9 9 0 ) e n v i s a g e s t h e c o n t i n u a t i o n

OF a l l t h e s e p o l i c i e s an d many more i m p o r t a n t d e v e l o p m e n t s

IN C H IN A . 1HESE ARE OF GREAT SIGNIFICANCE ALSO TO

Au s t r a l i a as t h e r e are many a r e a s where we can make d i r e c t

INPUTS INTO THE PROCESS TO OUR MUTUAL BENEFIT.

WHAT YOU ARE DOING IS NOT EASY. THE AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT

IS TRYING TO MAKE CHANGES IN A SOCIETY OF 15 MIL LIO N.

YOU ARE TRYING TO MAKE PROFOUND CHANGES IN A SOCIETY OF

ONE B I L L I O N , EQUAL TO THE POPULATION OF THE WORLD IN 1 8 50 ,

YOU HAVE OUR ADMIRATION FOR THE COURAGE, DETERMINATION

AND DEDICATION WITH WHICH YOU ARE PURSUING THESE NEW

D IR E CT IO N S .

I WOULD LIKE TO ASSURE YOU OF THE SUPPORT OF THE AUSTRALIAN

PEOPLE FOR WHAT YOU ARE SEEKING TO ACH IEVE: A MODERN

E F F IC IE N T NATION COMMITTED TO A STABLE AND PROSPEROUS REGION.

Your v i s i t , Ge n e r a l- S e c r e t a r y , i s an h i s t o r i c one

- I T MARKS AN IMPORTANT STEP IN THE PROGRESS OF

OUR BILATERAL RELATIONS

- I T ALSO MARKS AN IMPORTANT STEP IN THE PROGRESS

OF OUR REGION TOWARDS PEACE AND HARMONY.

Al t h o u g h we have d i f f e r e n t s o c i a l s y s t e m s we have e s t a b l i s h e d

a w a r m t h of f r i e n d s h i p t h a t w i l l ENABLE OUR RELATIONS to

c o n t i n u e to p r o s p e r .

Ge n e r a l - Se c r e t a r y , i n t h e n e x t two d a y s we w i l l be h o l d i n g

DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THE BREADTH OF OUR COMMON INTERESTS AND

THE WAYS IN WHICH WE CAN WORK TOGETHER TO CONTRIBUTE TO

THE HARMONIOUS DEVELOPMENT OF THE A S I A - P A C I F I C REGION,

I HAVE PLEDGED TO YOU OUR SUPPORT FOR THE GROWTH OF YOUR

NATION AND THE WELFARE OF YOUR PEOPLE.

Au s t r a l i a ' s growth o v e r t h e p a s t two d e c a d e s has be come

INTIMATELY LINKED TO THAT OF THE A SIA P A C IFIC REGION.

I T WI LL REMAIN SO LINKED IN THE DECADES AHEAD AND THE

LINKAGE WITH CHINA WILL GROW ST IL L MORE CRUCIAL WITH THE

YEARS. '

THE VERY SCALE AND D IV E R S IT Y OF THE OPPORTUNITIES FOR MUTUAL

BENEF IT OFFER A CHALLENGE AND AN OPPORTUNITY TO AUSTRALIA

WHICH WE ARE DETERMINED TO MEET. I T IS A CHALLENGE NOT

s i m p l y t o Au s t r a l i a n r e s o u r c e i n d u s t r i e s , b u t to Au s t r a l i a n

BUSINESS ACROSS THE BOARD; TO SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESS AS

WELL AS TO LARGE CORPORATIONS, AND EXTENDING FROM AGRICULTURE

AND RESOURCES TO INDUSTRY AND SERVICES.

I i n v i t e Au s t r a l i a n s t o a c c e p t t h e h i s t o r i c c h a l l e n g e to

work w i t h Ch i n a , a n d to i n t e g r a t e our economy w i t h t h e d y n a m i c

WESTERN PA CIFIC REGION, OF WHICH CHINA AND AUSTRALIA ARE

IMPORTANT PARTS. HERE IN AUSTRALIA TH IS MEANS PUTTING INTO

PLACE EFFECTIVE POLICIES FOR GROWTH, STRUCTURAL CHANGE AND

EXPANDED EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES. GREAT PROGRESS HAS

ALREADY BEEN MADE IN TH IS DIRECTION.

5 .

1 KNOW FROM MY DISCUSSIONS WITH YOU, GENERAL-SECRETARY,

AND FROM ALL OUR DEALINGS WITH THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT AND

ITS REPRESENTATIVES, THAT CHINA FOR ITS PART WELCOMES THE

PROSPECT OF SUCH A RELATIONSHIP WITH AUSTRALIA.

I t W IL L BE A REAL CHALLENGE FOR US, BECAUSE CHINA IS

MOVING FAST AND WORKING VERY HARD. YOU SET A HIGH STANDARD

OF D IL IG E N C E .

Ge n e r a l - S e c r e t a r y h u : a p a r t n e r s h i p b e t w e e n us i n the

As i a - P a c i f i c r e g i o n s h o u l d not an d w i l l no t be an e x c l u s i v e

a r r a n g e m e n t . We b o t h s e e k p e a c e f u l r e l a t i o n s and m u t u a l l y

b e n e f i c i a l p a r t n e r s h i p s w i t h OUR n e i g h b o u r s .

We w i l l t a l k a b ou t i n t e r n a t i o n a l a n d r e g i o n a l i s s u e s t h i s

a f t e r n o o n , we agree on v e r y many m a t t e r s a n d i n areas

where t h e r e i s not an e x a c t c o i n c i d e n c e of v i e w s we can

SEEK TO IDENTIFY LONG TERM OBJECTIVES TOWARDS WHICH WE CAN

WORK CONSTRUCTIVELY.

Ch i n a ' s a d o p t i o n of an i n d e p e n d e n t f o r e i g n p o l i c y has made

TH IS POSSIBLE. WE VALUE OUR RELATIONS WITH CHINA IN THEIR

OWN R IG H T , AND NOT AS A PART OF SOME STRATEGIC EQUATION.

FOR BOTH OF US IT IS IMPORTANT THAT IN THE END WE HAVE A

WORLD AND A REGION OF PEACE. WE WOULD HOPE THAT THE

I n d o c h i n e s e c o u n t r i e s , f i n d i n g t h e i r own i n d e p e n d e n t p l a c e s

P O L ITIC A LL Y AND ECONOMICALLY, WOULD BE PART OF TH IS REGION

OF PEACE.

6 .

If Australia can reach the objectives it seeks in p o litic a l

AND ECONOMIC RELATIONS WITH CHINA AND WITH OTHER COUNTRIES

in the Western Pa c if ic by the end of this century, we must

ALL FACE THE FACT THAT OUR ACHIEVEMENTS WILL BE AT RISK IF

THERE REMAINS IN THE REGION AN ISOLATED COUNTRY AT

LOGGERHEADS WITH OTHERS, AND T IE D VIRTUALLY EXCLUSIVELY TO

THE USSR AND ITS ALLIES. AS WE MAKE PROGRESS TOWARDS OUR

OWN GOALS, WE MUST SEEK TO MAKE AVAILABLE THE OPTIONS AND

OPPORTUNITIES FOR VIETNAM TO DIVERSIFY ITS RELATIONS AND

ACHIEVE A MORE SATISFACTORY RELATIONSHIP WITH ALL IT NEIGHBOURS.

WITHOUT EXAGGERATING OUR CAPACITY, AUSTRALIA WILL CONTINUE

TO DO WHAT WE CAN TO HELP PROGRESS TOWARDS A RESOLUTION OF

THE CAMBODIAN PROBLEM. TO TH IS END, WE LOOK FORWARD TO

MAINTAINING OUR DIALOGUE WITH CHINA AND OTHER CONCERNED

COUNTRIES.

I AM VERY PLEASED THAT FROM AUSTRALIA YOU WILL TRAVEL TO

New Zealand, Western Samoa, Fi j i and Papua New Guinea. For

Australia these countries are very important friends and

PARTNERS. We WELCOME YOUR INTEREST IN FURTHER BUILDING

C H IN A 'S LINKS WITH OUR NEIGHBOURS IN THE P A C IFIC .

we in the Labor Party take great pride in the historical

I N I T I A T I V E S TAKEN BY OUR FORMER LEADER, GOUGH WHITLAM, FIRST

in Opposition and later in Government, in pioneering

Au s tralia's opening to the People's Republic of China in

THE EARLY 1 9 7 0'S.

7 .

We a l s o r e c o g n i s e t h e r o l e p l a y e d s u b s e q u e n t l y b y t h e

Li b e r a l / N a t i o n a l Pa r t y c o a l i t i o n un der Ma l c o l m Fr a s e r i n

DEVELOPING THE RELATIONSHIP WITH YOUR COUNTRY. THE RESULT

IS THAT FRIENDSHIP AND CO-OPERATION WITH CHINA ARE SUPPORTED

BY THE OVERWHELMING MAJORITY OF AUSTRALIANS AND T H IS HAS

BECOME A MAJOR CENTRAL COMMITMENT OF THE FOREIGN POLICIES

OF BOTH MAJOR P O LITICA L PARTIES IN THIS COUNTRY.

TOMORROW WE WILL HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO DISCUSS OUR

RESPECTIVE ECONOMIC PROGRAMS AND TO CONSIDER THE BROAD

VISTAS FOR CO-OPERATION BETWEEN AUSTRALIA AND CHINA.

CHINESE-AUSTRALIAN FRIENDSHIP ALONE WILL NOT SECURE RAPID

GROWTH IN ECONOMIC CO-OPERATI ON. THAT CAN ONLY FLOW FROM

OUR A B I L I T Y TO OFFER EACH OTHER COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES AND

TO WORK OUT ARRANGEMENTS WHICH ARE MUTUALLY PROFITABLE.

The p o l i t i c a l c o n s e n s u s i n Au s t r a l i a i n s u p p o r t of d e v e l o p i n g

RELATIONS WITH CHINA IS STRONGLY MIRRORED AMONG AUSTRALIAN

BUSINESS, RURAL AND UNION INTERESTS,

On We d n e s d a y , you w i l l m e e t t h e members of our Ec o n o m i c

Pl a n n i n g Ad v i s o r y Co u n c i l r e p r e s e n t i n g Au s t r a l i a n b u s i n e s s

a n d t r a d e u n i o n s , i am su re you w i l l ha v e a p r o d u c t i v e

d i a l o g u e w i t h t h e m on t h e o p p o r t u n i t i e s for a p a r t n e r s h i p

b e t w e e n Au s t r a l i a an d Ch i n a t h a t w i l l be of l a s t i n g e c o n o m ic

i m p o r t a n c e t o b o th our n a t i o n s .

8 .

Ge n e r a l - S e c r e t a r y , your v i s i t has a l r e a d y t a k e n you to

We s t e r n Au s t r a l i a and South Au s t r a l i a , and on Wed n esd a y

you w i l l v i s i t New South Wa l e s . These St a t e s - i n d e e d

all the Au s t r a l i a n St a t e s - are s e e k i n g to d e v e l o p

EFFECTIVE CO-OPERATION WITH CHINA.

And w h i l e i n Sy d n e y , you w i l l have the o p p o r t u n i t y to meet

REPRESENTATIVES OF THE AUSTRALIAN CHINESE COMMUNITY, WHO

HAVE MADE SUCH AN ENORMOUS CONTRIBUTION TO AUSTRALIA, AND

WHO SERVE AS A PERMANENT BRIDGE OF FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN US.

Ge n e r a l - S e c r e t a r y , for some t i m e now, and c e r t a i n l y s i n c e

we came to Go v e r n m e n t , I have been d e e p l y c o n v i n c e d that

n o t h i n g more i m p o r t a n t i s h a p p e n i n g i n our world than the

q u i e t c o n s t r u c t i v e r e v o l u t i o n t h a t i s o c c u r r i n g i n your

c o u n t r y . Wi t h i m a g i n a t i o n and a p p r o p r i a t e regard to your

own p h i l o s o p h i c a l c o m m it m e n t s you are r e l e a s i n g the

i n i t i a t i v e and e n t e r p r i s e of a d y n a m i c p e o p l e c o n s t i t u t i n g

ALMOST A QUARTER OF THE EARTH'S POPULATION. I t IS A PROCESS

WHICH HAS PROFOUND IMPLICATIONS FOR GOOD, FOR CHINA, FOR

THE REGION, AND FOR THE REST OF THE WORLD.

9.

I COUNT IT AS ONE OF THE GREAT PRIVILEGES OF OFFICE THAT

I HAVE BEEN GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY BY YOU AND YOUR FELLOW

LEADERS TO PLAY A PART IN ASSOCIATING OUR COUNTRY MORE

CLOSELY WITH YOU AS YOU PROCEED DOWN THIS PATH. NOTHING

WILL BE MORE SIGNIFICANT FOR THIS AND FUTURE GENERATIONS

OF AUSTRALIANS THAN THAT WE SHOULD SUCCEED NOW IN

CONSOLIDATING UNBREAKABLE BONDS OF FRIENDSHIP AND MUTUALLY

BENEFICIAL COOPERATION BETWEEN OUR TWO GREAT COUNTRIES.

That i s the r e s p o n s i b i l i t y , the c h allen ge w i t h w h i c h we

ARE FACED. ΪΗΕ FACT AND THE SPIRIT OF YOUR V I S I T ,

Ge n e r a l - S e c r e t a r y , e n t i t l e us to b e l i e v e t h a t , t o g e t h e r ,

we shall s u c c e e d .

May I , Your Ex c e l l e n c y , i n v i t e all those p r e s e n t to j o i n

ME IN A TOAST:

. To the h e a l t h of Ge n e r a l - Secretary Hu Yaobang

. To THE HEALTH OF THE OTHER LEADERS OF YOUR PARTY

and Go v e r n m e n t and t h e i r d i s t i n g u i s h e d

REPRESENTATIVES HERE TODAY

. To WARM FRIENDSHIP AND MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL

CO-OPERATION BETWEEN OUR TWO COUNTRIES IN A

STRONG AND LASTING PARTNERSHIP.

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