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Speech - Jerusalem (30/01/1984)



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MINISTER I?-· .·-.> ' . siiafu .

FOREIGN AFFAIRS S NEWS RELEASE

No. M20 Date 7 February 1984

Attached is the te x t of Mr Hayden's Speech at Dinner given in his Honour by Prime M in ister Shamir* Jerusalem* 30 January 1984.

IT I S A GREAT PLEASURE AND DELIGHT FOR MY WIFE AND ME TO BE WITH YOU HERE TONIGHT. I HAVE BEEN VERY STRUCK BY THE WARMTH AND THE " HOSPITALITY SHOWN TO ME DURING THIS MY THIRD V I S I T TO ISRAEL, AND MY FIRST AS FOREIGN MINISTER. I HAVE ESPECIALLY APPRECIATED, MR PRIME

MINISTER, YOUR KINDNESS IN MAKING AVAILABLE SO MUCH OF YOUR VERY DEMANDING SCHEDULE FOR OUR DISCUSSIONS.

SINCE THE ELECTION OF THE NEW LABOR GOVERNMENT OF AUSTRALIA ON 5 MARCH 1 9 8 3 , WE HAVE GIVEN MUCH GREATER EMPHASIS IN OUR FOREIGN POLICY TO THE AFFAIRS OF THE SOUTH-EAST ASIAN AND SOUTH PACIFIC REGIONS. WE HAVE DONE SO BECAUSE WE BELIEVE THAT THIS I S WHERE OUR FUTURE WILL BE

DETERMINED. WE BELIEVE THAT WE HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO OUR FRIENDS IN THAT REGION AND TO OUR OWN NATIONAL INTERESTS TO PLAY A MUCH MORE ACTIVE PART IN ITS AFFAIRS. WE HAVE BEEN MAKING EFFORTS FOR ALMOST A YEAR TO HELP BRING ABOUT A DIALOGUE BETWEEN PARTIES TO THE DISPUTE OVER THE VIETNAMESE INVASION AND OCCUPATION OF CAMBODIA.

ALTHOUGH WE HAVE GIVEN MUCH GREATER ATTENTION TO OUR OWN REGION, WE CANNOT IGNORE DEVELOPMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST. WE ARE UNDER NO I L L U S I O N , ABOUT OUR ABILITY TO INFLUENCE EVENTS IN THIS REGION. WE KNOW IT I S LIMITED. BUT AS YOU KNOW, I HAVE BEEN INSTRUCTED BY MY GOVERNMENT TO V I S I T THIS REGION, TO EXAMINE DEVELOPMENTS HERE, AND TO REPORT BACK TO MY GOVERNMENT SO THAT IT CAN MAKE A JUDGEMENT ABOUT WHETHER THE AUSTRALIAN COMMITMENT OF FORCES TO THE MFO I N THE SINAI SHOULD BE RENEWED. .

WITHIN THE~AUSTRALIAN LABOR PARTY THERE I S A GENERAL PREFERENCE THAT WHEN AUSTRALIA IS INVOLVED IN PEACE-KEEPING ABROAD IT SHOULD BE UNDER UNITED NATIONS AUSPICES. IN THE CASE OF MFO THAT WAS NOT POSSIBLE.

IN MY DISCUSSIONS HERE - AS IN EGYPT - I HAVE HEARD STRONG ARGUMENTS IN FAVOUR OF RENEWING OUR COMMITMENT TO THE MFO. THE FORCE I S SEEN AS AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENT OF THE OPERATION OF THE PEACE TREATY BETWEEN ISRAEL AND EGYPT AND AS HAVING PROVIDED THE OPPORTUNITY FOR BOTH

COUNTRIES, PARTICULARLY EGYPT, TO TURN THEIR ATTENTION MORE TOWARDS ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. PEACE BETWEEN EGYPT AND ISRAEL AFTER DECADES OF WAR I S A GREAT ACHIEVEMENT. BUT THE MFO AND INDEED THE PEACE BETWEEN EGYPT AND ISRAEL CANNOT BE ISOLATED FROM OTHER

DEVELOPMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST. THEY WERE PART OF THE CAMP DAVID ACCORDS WHICH ALSO PROVIDED FOR PROGRESS TOWARDS THE RESOLUTION OF THE PALESTINIAN PROBLEM I N ALL.ITS ASPECTS. OUR DECISION THEREFORE - ON WHETHER OR NOT TO CONTINUE IN THE MFO WILL BE TAKEN IN THE CONTEXT

OF OUR GENERAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS THE MIDDLE EAST AND SPECIFICALLY THE DISPUTE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND THE, ARAB NATIONS. WE WILL HAVE TO DECIDE WHETHER A RENEWED COMMITMENT BY AUSTRALIA WILL CONTRIBUTE TO THE LONG-TERM PEACE AND STABILITY OF THE REGION AND WILL NOT STAND IN THE WAY OF THE LEGITIMATE RIGHTS AND ASPIRATIONS OF BOTH ISRAEL AND THE

PALESTINIANS. I WOULD LIKE THEREFORE TO OUTLINE VERY BRIEFLY OUR GENERAL ATTITUDES AND POLICIES.

IT I S A REMARKABLE FACT THAT TWO COUNTRIES AS DISTANT AS AUSTRALIA AND ISRAEL SHOULD HAVE SO MANY LINKS. WE ARE BOTH PRACTISING DEMOCRACIES. AUSTRALIAN TROOPS HELPED LIBERATE PALESTIN! AND 1 JERUSALEM FROM THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR. AUSIRAl.IAN TROOPS FOUGHT GERMANY AND ITS ALLIES HERE IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR.

THE AUSTRALIAN LABOR PARTY OF COURSE HAS A SPECIAL HISTORICAL CONNECTION WITH ISRAEL. IT WAS A LABOR FOREIGN MINISTER, DR EVATT, WHO WAS CHAIRMAN OF THE UN PALESTINE AD HOC COMMITTEE AND SUBSEQUENTLY PRESIDENT OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY WHEN THE FATE OF

ISRAEL WAS BEING DECIDED. IT I S A FACT THAT THE FIRST ' ’ Y ES '* VOTE FOR ISRAEL’ S RIGHT TO EXIST WAS CAST BY AUSTRALIA AT THE DIRECTION OF A LABOR GOVERNMENT, WHICH WAS THE FIRST TO FULLY RECOGNISE THE NEW STATE OF ISRAEL.

AUSTRALIA HAS NEVER DEVIATED FROM THIS EARLY COMMITMENT TO THE STATE OF ISRAEL. OUR COMMITMENT I N 1 9 4 8 FLOWED IN PART FROM OUR DEEP SENSE OF COMPASSION FOR THE THOUSANDS OF YEARS OF SUFFERING OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE WHICH CULMINATED IN THE UNSPEAKABLE HORROR OF THE HOLOCAUST. IN ADDITION TO THAT SENSE OF COMPASSION, AUSTRALIA

SUPPORTED THE JEWISH PEOPLE’ S RIGHT TO A HOMELAND AND STATE OF THEIR OWN. YOU HAVE DEFENDED THAT RIGHT TENACIOUSLY FOR 36 YEARS.

FOR THE LABOR GOVERNMENT OF AUSTRALIA, IT IS ABSOLUTELY BASIC POLICY THAT WE SUPPORT THE RIGHT OF ISRAEL TO EXIST WITHIN SECURE AND RECOGNISED BOUNDARIES. THERE CAN AND WILL BE NO SOLUTION TO THE DISPUTE BETWEEN ARAB AND ISRAELI WHICH DOES NOT INCLUDE A GENERAL

RECOGNITION OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL.

EVEN AMONG VERY GOOD FRIENDS MR PRIME MINISTER, AS YOU REMINDED ME THIS MORNING, IT IS NATURAL THAT THERE SHOULD BE DIFFERENCES, EVEN IF WE ALL HOPE THAT THEY CAN BE KEPT TO THE MINIMUM. ONE OF OUR POINTS OF DIFFERENCE RELATES TO THE RIGHTS OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE. JUST AS WE I N AUSTRALIA SEEK THE GENERAL RECOGNITION OF THE STATE OF

ISRAEL SO DO WE THINK THAT THERE CAN BE NO RESOLUTION OF THE DISPUTE UNTIL THE LEGITIMATE RIGHTS OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE ARE RECOGNISED. THE AUSTRALIAN PRIME MINISTER, MR BOB HAWKE, HAS OUTLINED OUR VIEW OF THOSE RIGHTS. IN WASHINGTON ON 13 JUNE 1 983 HE SAID, ' ' WE

BELIEVE I N THE RIGHTS OF THE PALESTINIANS TO THEIR INDEPENDENCE AMD THE PO SSIBILITY OF THEIR OWN INDEPENDENT STATE’ ’ . IN SEPTEMBER 1983 THE GOVERNMENT ENDORSED THAT VIEW, STRESSING THAT WHATEVER ARRANGE­ MENT I S FINALLY SETTLED UPON WILL DEPEND ON DECISIONS INVOLVING PEOPLES OF THE IMMEDIATE REGION DIRECTLY CONCERNED WITH THE ISSUE. THE GOVERNMENT'S CONCERN FOR THE LEGITIMATE RIGHTS OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE I S BASED ON THAT SAME CONCERN FOR PEOPLE'S RIGHTS TO SELF­ DETERMINATION WHICH MOTIVATED THE LABOR PARTY'S SUPPORT FOR THE CREATION OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL.

MR PRIME MINISTER, THE HISTORY OF THE LAST 36 YEARS I S IN PART A HISTORY OF LOST OPPORTUNITIES FOR PEACE. IT I S IMPORTANT THAT FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES SHOULD NOT BE ALLOWED TO PASS BY. WE ARE NOT IN THE BUSINESS OF PRESCRIBING SOLUTIONS BUT WE WOULD WISH TO ENCOURAGE

GENUINE EXPRESSIONS OF CONCERN ABOUT THE SITUATION WHICH INCLUDE POSITIVE INIT IA TI VE. ON THE SAME BASIS, DURING MY DISCUSSIONS IN EGYPT I WAS HEARTENED BY WHAT I SAW AS A NEW-FOUND CONFIDENCE IN THE

EGYPTIAN GOVERNMENT. I WAS ENCOURAGED BY ITS EVIDENT KEENNESS TO WORK WITH JORDAN AND OTHERS TO TRY TO FORMULATE A SENSIDLE AND MODERATE POSITION IN THE PURSUIT 01" THE RIGHTS OF THE PALESTINIANS. I TRUST THAT IT DOES NOT PROVE TO HE A I-ALTERING HOPE AS HAS TOO OFTEN BEEN THE CASE IN THE PAST.

AS I SAID TO YOU IN OUR TALKS TODAY, MR PRIME MINISTER, I BELIEVE THAT NO OPPORTUNITY FOR EXPLORATION AND DIALOGUE SHOULD BE MISSED. IN THE LIGHT OF YOUR HISTORY, I ASSURE YOU OF OUR UNDERSTANDING OF

YOUR FEARS AND YOUR HESITATIONS, BUT I RECALL THAT I T WAS PRESIDENT SADAT'S WILLINGNESS TO TAKE THE I N IT IA TI VE TO SPEAK TO HIS OLD ENEMY ISRAEL THAT LED TO THE PEACE BETWEEN YOUR TWO COUNTRIES. IN THE SAME WAY, OLD ENEMIES WILL HAVE TO TALK IF THERE I S TO BE PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND THE PALESTINIANS. IT IS MY FIRM CONVICTION THAT THE FATE OF THE PALESTINIAN AND ISRAELI PEOPLE I S INEXTRICABLY LOCKED TOGETHER. IF THERE I S TO BE JUSTICE AND SECURITY FOR ISRAEL, IT WILL ONLY COME ABOUT, AS I KNOW MR PRIME MINISTER YOU APPRECIATE, WHEN THERE IS JUSTICE AND SECURITY FOR THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE AS WELL. IT

I S OUR FIRM CONVICTION THAT ONLY IN THIS WAY WILL THERE BE WHAT AUSTRALIA AND ALL YOUR FRIENDS SO FERVENTLY DESIRE, PEACE FOR THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL.

MR PRIME MINISTER, I PROPOSE A TOAST TO THE STATE OF ISRAEL AND TO THE FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN ISRAEL AND AUSTRALIA.