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Speech - Dinner- Mr Nguyen Co Thach, Canberra



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SPEECH TO BE MADE BY MR HAYDEN AT THE

DINNER IN HONOUR OF MR NGUYEN CO THACH, CANBERRA,

WEDNESDAY 14 MARCH 1 9 84

I t i s a matter of pleasure and some p r id e for me

TONIGHT TO WELCOME THE VIETNAMESE FOREIGN MINISTER,

Mr Nguyen Co Th a c h .

That p l e a s u r e , Mi n i s t e r Th a c h , i s in c r e a s e d by the

FACT THAT YOU ARE ACCOMPANIED ON YOUR V I S I T TO

Au s t r a l ia by your w i f e , h e r s e l f a s e n io r d i p l o m a t .

Th i s i s your f i r s t v i s i t to Au s t r a l i a .

I HOPE THAT IT WILL NOT ONLY BE PRODUCTIVE IN THE

OFFICIAL SENSE, BUT WILL BE PLEASURABLE AND INTERESTING

FOR YOU BOTH PERSONALLY.

Th i s v i s i t p r o v id e s me w it h an o ccas io n to r e c ip r o c a t e

THE VERY WARM WELCOME DALLAS AND I RECEIVED IN VIETNAM

i n June and July of l a s t y e a r .

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Our t a l k s t h e n marked for Au s t r a l i a t h e commencement

OF A NEW, MORE MATURE AND MORE PRODUCTIVE RELATIONSHIP

between Vi e t n a m and Au s t r a l i a.

W e i n Au s t r a l i a look forward d u r in g t h i s v i s i t to

CARRYING OUR RELATIONSHIP ANOTHER STEP FORWARD IN A

CONTINUING ATMOSPHERE OF WARMTH AND COOPERATION,

Au s t r a l ia n Labor Governments have sought to restore a

MORE NORMAL RELATIONSHIP WITH VIETNAM.

Th i s i s part of our over a ll o b j e c t i v e of close r e l a t io n s

WITH ALL OF THE COUNTRIES IN OUR REGION.

. . . 3

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W e h av e for e x a m p l e l o n g - s t a n d i n g t i e s w i t h t h e

COUNTRIES OF ASEAN,

A FRIENDLY AND PRODUCTIVE RELATIONSHIP WITH VIETNAM

i s i n A u s t r a l i a ' s i n t e r e s t s a n d , we b e l i e v e , t h o s e

of V i e t n a m ,

T he p r o c e s s w h i c h b e g a n l a s t y e a r has c o n t i n u e d w i t h

MY DISCUSSION WITH YOU IN NEW YORK DURING THE LAST

U . N . G e n e r a l A s s e m b l y .

T h er e h a v e b e e n many e x c h a n g e s s i n c e t h e n ,

I n our d i s c u s s i o n s tod ay we have d ev elo ped thoughts

ON HOW FURTHER TO DEVELOP T H IS .

. . Λ

I SEE OUR RELATIONSHIP WITH VIETNAM DEVELOPING

IMPORTANTLY OVER THE YEARS,

I GREATLY ADMIRE THE VIS IO N OF THOSE IN OUR REGION,

WHO HAVE ENVISAGED ITS SHAPE 20 YEARS FROM NOW, AS

ONE IN WHICH THEY SEE VIETNAM INVOLVED IN CLOSE AND

COOPERATIVE RELATIONS.

liclT ' "

W e i n Au s t r a l i a have i n r e c e n t y e a r s -i n c r e a s i n g l y learnt

to i d e n t i f y o ur se lv es w i t h our As i a n e n v i r o n m e n t . .

I n a d d i t i o n To our growing range of r e l a t i o n s h i p s w it h

our As i a n n e ig h b o u r s , our own p o p u l a t io n in c l u d e s

a r i s i n g percentage of pe o pl e of As i a n o r i g i n .

...5

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T he M i n i s t e r for I m m i g r a t i o n a n d E t h n i c A f f a i r s ,

S t e w a r t W e s t , r e f e r r e d to t h i s i n h i s s p e e c h on

IMMIGRATION TO PARLIAMENT LAST WEEK AS A NATURAL

OUTCOME OF OUR NON~DISCRIMINATORY MIGRATION POLICY

INCLUDING FAMILY REUNION.

_ A u s t r a l i a h a s i n r e c e n t y e a r s w e l c o m ed a m a j o r

' INFLOW OF SETTLERS FROM I n DO-C h INA - MORE PER HEAD

OF POPULATION THAN ANY OTHER COUNTRY OF RESETTLEMENT.

I n t h e LONGER t e r m , WE s e e THEIR PRESENCE i n our

POPULATION AS. A POTENTIAL BRIDGE BETWEEN THE

. A u s t r a l i a n p e o p l e a n d t h e p e o p l e of I n d o ^C h i n a .

B u t t h e r e i s c u r r e n t l y a b a r r i e r t o t h e f u l l

ACCEPTANCE OF VIETNAM IN OUR REGION: THE CAMBODIA

PROBLEM, WHICH .FOR US I N AUSTRALIA AND FOR OUR ASEAN

PARTNERS IS THE MOST PRESSING SECURITY PROBLEM

• · ·

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OF OUR REGION.

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I n t h e i m m e d i a t e f u t u r e our s t e p s t owards c l o s e r

RELATIONS WILL BE JUDGED NOT ONLY BY CLOSER BILATERAL

... CONTACTS, BUT ALSO BY THE DIALOGUE WHICH WE HAVE

BEGUN WITH VIETNAM ON REGIONAL PROBLEMS.

I NEED NOT REMIND YOU OF THE PRINCI PLES WE HAVE

REPEATEDLY ENUNCIATED AS BASIC OBJECTIVES IN THE

PURSUIT OF A SOLUTION. ..............

T he c o n t i n u e d V i e t n a m e s e m i l i t a r y p r e s e n c e i n

K a m p u c h e a r e M a i n s i n t e r n a t i o n a l l y - u n a c c e p t a b l e .

T h e r e can b e ^ o ^ d o u b t o f A u s t r a l i a ' s c o n d e m n a t i o n '

OF THAT PRESENCE, NOR OF OUR DESIRE FOR VIETNAM TO

WITHDRAW.

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W e b e l i e v e t h i s , should be matched by arrangements

TO PREVENT THE RETURN TO POWER OF POL POT AND HIS

ASSOCIATES AND TO TAKE ACCOUNT OF THE SECURITY

CONCERNS OF ALL INTERESTED PARTICIPANTS.

Th i s i s not a matter of t a k i n g s i d e s .

W e accept t h a t V i e t n a m , l i k e Th a i l a n d and Ch i n a ,

HAS SECURITY CONCERNS RELATING TO CAMBODIA. -

W e welcome a l l moves TOWARDS an ACCOMMODATION BETWEEN:

the I ndo-Ch i n e s e , c o u n t r ie s and t h e i r n e i g h b o u r s .

Only a s e t t l e m e n t .p r o v i d i n g for the l e g i t i m a t e in t e r e s t s

OF ALL CONCERNED CAN BE EXPECTED TO ENDURE.

• II 8

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A nd suc h a s e t t l e m e n t can o n l y come a p a r t t h r o u g h

PEACEFUL, P OL I T I C A L NEGOTIATIONS.

M i n i s t e r T h a c h , your v i s i t h e r e i s p a r t o f a f u r t h e r

s t e p i n A u s t r a l i a n e f f o r t s o v e r t h e p a s t y e a r t o ..

CONTRIBUTE TO DIALOGUE ON THE CAMBODIA PROBLEM AND

ON REGIONAL RELATIONS GENERALLY. ' ............................

W e s h a l l s h o r t l y be w e l c o m i n g T h a i F o r e i g n M i n i s t e r

S lDDHI AND THE BURMESE PRIME M I N I S T E R ’,

D i a l o g u e , n o t c o n f r o n t a t i o n , c l e a r l y h o l d s t h e k e y

TO PEACE AND PROGRESS IN OUR REGION.

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W i t h t h i s i n m i n d we h a v e c o n d e m n e d t h e c y c l e of

VIOLENCE IN THE CAMBODIA S I T U A T I O N ,

I AM REASSURED THAT OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS HAVE NOT

UP TO T H I S POINT BEEN RESUMED,

W e s in c e r e l y hope t h a t t h i s w i l l r e m a in the CASE,

But we are d i s t u r b e d by accounts of rec en t h i t - a n d- run

MILITARY ACTIVITIES BY THE GUERILLA RESISTANCE,

ESPECIALLY THE KHMER ROUGE, WHICH INVOLVE LOSS OF LIFE

and pr operty for in n o c e n t Ca m b o d ia n c i v i l i a n s .

I t i s hard to see such a c t i o n s as h e l p f u l to an

EVENTUAL PEACEFUL SOLUTION OF THE SITUATION.

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S t a l e m a t e a n d a l l t h e r i s k s of m i l i t a r y e s c a l a t i o n

CAN ONLY CONTINUE I F THE PARTIES TO THE CAMBODIAN-·

PROBLEM MAINTAI N I NF L E XI BL E P OS I T I ON S.

W e are not l o o k in g for m o d i f i c a t i o n to POSITIONS of

PRINCIPLES, BUT WHAT CAN CHANGE ARE THE MODALITIES

BY WHICH THEY ARE IMPLEMENTED,

WE ARE NOT UNREALISTIC ABOUT THE D IFF IC U LTIE S , OR

THE TIME FACTOR INVOLVED IN THE PURSUIT OF A

PEACEFUL, LASTING SETTLEMENT IN CAMBODIA,

I n ACKNOWLEDING THESE D IFFIC U LTIES I SAY u n a m b ig u o u s l y ,

AS I HAVE SAID BEFORE, THAT OUR TREATY LINKS WITH THE

Un i t e d St a t e s , our close t i e s w i t h ASEAN, and our

STRONG LINKS WITH CHINA ARE EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO

us: THESE ARE RELATIONSHIPS WHICH WE ARE WORKING

TO STRENGTHEN.

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I BELIEVE THAT I T IS AN ESSENTIAL PART OF FACING

UP TO REGIONAL PROBLEMS TO DEVELOP A WORKING

RELATIONSHIP WITH VIETNAM.

I n the course of the v i s i t of M r Thach and h i s p a r t y ,

WE HOPE TO EXPLORE FURTHER THE ISSUES IN THE COMPLEX

Ca m b o d ia problem as par t of c o n t r i b u t i n g to a s o l u t i o n .

Th i s Government has t a k en t h e f i r m d e c i s i o n t h a t i t

IS NOT IN THE INTERESTS OF AUSTRALIA OR OUR REGION

t h a t Vie t n a m should be i s o l a t e d .

W e have devoted a c o n s id e r a b l e e f f o r t to t h i s and

THE DISCUSSIONS WHICH OUR EFFORTS HAVE STIMULATED HAVE

I BELIEVE LED TO A FULLER UNDERSTANDING WITH OUR

FRIENDS IN THE ASEAN COUNTRIES.

...12

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E q u a l l y , we v a l u e t h e s u p p o r t w h i c h our e f f o r t s

HAVE ACHIEVED FROM BOTH CHINA AND THE UNITED

S t a t e s ,

W e are c h a r t in g a course for a d i s t i n c t i v e , a c t i v e

AND INDEPENDENT AUSTRALIAN FOREIGN POLICY TO BRING

GREATER' MATURITY AND· BALANCE TO OUR RELATIONS WITH

OUR FRIENDS.

Our hope i s That we w i l l see s i g n a l s from a l l the

p a r t i e s i n the Ca m b o d ia n d i s p u t e i n d i c a t i n g t h a t

THEY ARE WILLING TO PURSUE MODERATE ATTITUDES IN THE

SEARCH FOR A REALISTIC AND PEACEFUL SOLUTION, .·

Mi n i s t e r Th a c h , your v i s i t to Au s t r a l i a i s not merely

PART OF OUR MUTUAL ENDEAVOURS TO REACH SUCH A SOLUTION,

IN A S P IR IT NOT OF ANY WEAKENING OF PRINCIPLE BUT RATHER

OF ACCOMMODATION AND F L E X IB IL IT Y , BUT PROVIDES AN

OPPORTUNITY FOR THE AUSTRALIAN PUBLIC AND OUR NEIGHBOURS

TO HEAR FROM YOU YOUR OWN VIEWS ON WHERE'WE^GO FROM HERE .

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M ay I CONCLUDE BY e x p r e s s in g the d e l i g h t t h a t both

Da lla s and I f e e l t h a t you Mi n i s t e r Th a c h , and

Mrs Tha c h , w i l l see s o m e t h in g of Qu e e n s l a n d .

I KNOW THAT YOU AND YOUR OFFICIALS HAVE INDICATED THAT

THEY SEE THIS AS A SERIOUS WORKING V I S I T TO AUSTRALIA.

Your v i s i t to Queensland w i l l i n v o l v e some s e r io u s

ASPECTS; BUT I HOPE YOU ALSO FIND SOME TIME FOR

RELAXATION.

Th i s i s for both of our c o u n t r i e s a t r u l y h i s t o r i c

V I S I T .

...14

I t i s not many years s i n c e our two c o u n t r ie s were

ENGAGED IN A SAVAGE AND MISCONCEIVED WAR,

The v i s i t of the Fo r e ig n Mi n i s t e r of Vie t n a m and h i s

WIFE AND THEIR ACCOMPANYING OFFICIALS SHOWS A READINESS

TO CONTINUE'· THE MODEST "DEVELOPMENTS WHICH 'HAVE' ALREADY

BEGUN TOWARDS A SOUNDLY-BASED FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN OUR

TWO COUNTRIES,

On the Au s t r a l ia n s i d e I most warmly r e c ip r o c a t e the

SENTIMENTS WHICH HAVE LED YOU TO TAKE THESE STEPS.

I HAVE REAL PLEASURE IN WELCOMING YOU HERE ON BEHALF

of the Au s t r a l ia n Go v e r n m e n t , and w is h you a u se fu l

AND HAPPY V I S I T .

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YOU WERE KIND ENOUGH TO INCLUDE IN YOUR SPEECH AN OFFER

OF TOASTS TO THE HEALTH AND WELLBEING OF THE AUSTRALIAN

G o v e r n o r - G e n e r a l a n d h i s w i f e , t h e P r i m e M i n i s t e r and

HIS W I F E , AND DALLAS AND ME.

M ay I CONCLUDE MY c o m m e n t s b y p r o p o s i n g a t o a s t to

H i s E x c e l l e n c y t h e C h a i r m a n o f t h e C o u n c i l o f M i n i s t e r s

of t h e S o c i a l i s t R e p u b l i c o f V i e t n a m , M r . P ham V an D ong

AND H I S W I FE , AND YOURSELF AND YOUR WI FE.