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June labour force statistics



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RELEASEJUNE LABOUR FORCE STATISTICS 12 July 1984The employment figures for June published today are a convincing demonstration of the appropriateness of the Government’s economic policy, the Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations, Mr Ralph Willis, said today.They show that with the addition of a further 24,000 jobs In June, employment has Increased through the 1983/84 financial year by 232,500, a growth of 3.7%·This compares with the previous financial year when employment fell by 147,800, a decline of 2.3%·"It Is extremely pleasing to have achieved such a spectacular reversal of employment trends, and that employment growth Is continuing at such a strong rate", he said."The employment level In the three months to June was 82,400 higher than the average for the three months to March."Two hundred and fifty nine thousand new jobs have been generated, In seasonally adjusted terms, since April last year. We are now more than half way to our three year target of 500,000 jobs In just 14 months."Mr Willis said It was Ironic that despite the continuation of such strong employment trends, the official unemployment rate had nevertheless Increased. This was a result of the rise In the labour force participation rate In June following the unexpected decline In May."Despite the growth In employment, the unemployment rate rose during June as a result of a strong Increase of 53,000 In the labour force, the large part of which was the result of an Increase In the participation rate (i.e., the percentage of the population looking for work).Mr Willis said it must be expected that further rises in the participation rate might occur as the economy recovered."It will therefore be difficult to make notable inroads against unemployment for some time, as people are attracted back into the workforce in response to improving employment prospects."The continuing success of the current employment trends will however eventually mean a further decline in unemployment rates. " V :

&Ζ&Λ rj

Federal Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations

Ralph W illis MR \ \

Parliament House, Canberra A.C.T. 2600 1-2-466 March 83

Telephone (062) 73 213

Telex: 62286

BACKGROUND TO THE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT FIGURES FOR JUNE 1984

EMPLOYMENT

Employment in seasonally adjusted terms (sa) rose by 23,900 or 0.4 per cent to 6,515,000 persons in June 1984. This compares with

. a rise in May 1984 of 8,800 (0.1 per cent)

. a rise in April 1984 of 15,400 (0.2 per cent)

. using three monthly averages to smooth monthly fluctuations, in the June quarter 1984 employment (sa) was 82,400 or 1.3 per cent higher than in the March quarter 1984.

. in original terms, employment in June 1984 was 232,500 or 3.7 per cent higher than in June 1983.

Full time employment (sa) increased by 22,000 or 0.4 per cent in June 1984 to 5,362,500 following an increase of 14,500 or 0.3 per cent in May 19B4

. in original (non seasonally adjusted) terms, the full time employment level was 170,200 or 3.3 per cent above the previous June level

Part time employment (sa) increased by 1,900 or 0.2 per cent in June 1984 to 1,152,500 following a decrease of 5,700 or 0.5 per cent in May 1984

. in original terms, the part time employment level was 62,300 or 5.7 per cent above the previous June level.

By full time, part time employment and sex (sa), the employment figures show the following:

Change June Annual

Monthly quarter on March Change

Change quarter 1984 (not sa)

Number Per cent Number Per cent Number Per cent

Males Full time +7,000 +0.2 +37,600 + 1.0 +113,800 + 3 . 1

Part time -1,500 — 0 .6 -2,200 -0.9 +4,200 + 1.7

Tota 1 +5,500 + o

► —*

+35,500 +0.9 +118,000 +3.0

Females Full time +15,000 + 1.0 +6,400 +0.4 +56,400 +3.8

Part time +3,500 + 0.4 +40,500 + 4.7 +58,100 + 6.8

Total +18,500 +0.8 +46,900 + 1.9 +114,500 +4.9

Persons Full time +22,000 +0.4 +44,100 +0.8 +170,200 + 3 . 3

Part time +1,900 + 0.2 +38,300 + 3.4 +62,300 + 5.7

Tota 1 +23,900 +0.4 +82,400 + 1 . 3 +232,500 + 3 . 7

2

t

By State, the survey showed that employment (non sa) in June increased in New South Wales (1,700 or 0.1 per cent), Victoria (1,700 or 0.1 per cent), Queensland (4,000 or 0.4 per cent), South Australia (by 100), the Northern Territory (2,500 or 4.8 per cent), and the ACT (2,700 or 2.5 per cent). Employment fell

in Western Australia (-3,600 or 0.6 per cent) and in Tasmania (600 or 0.4 per cent).

UNEMPLOYMENT

In June 1984 there were 664,500 persons unemployed (sa). The June increase of 29,500 or 4.6 per cent compares to

. a decrease of 43,600 or 6.4 per cent in May 1984

. an increase of 16,500 or 2.5 per cent in April 1984

. in the June quarter the level of unemployment fell by 3,800 or 0.6 per cent compared with the March quarter 1984

. on an annual basis, the number of unemployed persons (sa) was 59,400 or 8.2 per cent below the number in June 1983.

The unemployment rate (sa) in June 1984 of 9.3 per cent compared with 8.9 per cent in May 1984 and 9.5 per cent in April 1984.

In original terms, the June 1984 unemployment rate of 8.9 per cent compares with the June 1983 rate of 10.0 per cent; rates in previous years were

. 6.6 per cent in June 1982

. 5.2 per cent in June 1981

. 6.1 per cent in June 1980.

By State, the unemployment rate (non sa) was highest in Tasmania (10.4 per cent). Western Australia (9.8 per cent), New South Wales (9.5 per cent), Queensland (9.2 per cent), and South Australia (9.1 per cent) were above the Australia average. Low

rates were recorded in the Northern Territory (8.0 per cent), Victoria (7.6 per cent) and the ACT (5.0 per cent).

By major demographic group, monthly data on (sa) unemployment were:

Unemployment

Monthly Cha nge rate

Level Number Per cent Per cent

Unemployed Looking for Full time Work

. total persons 563,700 +12,300 +2.2 9.5

. aged 15-19 years 145,300 -+8,600 + 6.3 25.0

- and looking

for first job 80,000 -+10,500 +15.0

. adult males 290,300 +6,000 + 2.1 7.5

. adult females 128,100 -2,300 -1.8 8.6

Unemployed Looking for Part time Work

. persons 100,800 +17,200 +20.6 8.0

. males 30,300 +6,500 +27.3 11.2

. females 70,500 +10,700 + 17.9 7.2

Unemployed, Total .

. persons 664,500 +29,500 +4.6 9.3

PARTICIPATION IN THE LABOUR FORCE

The aggregate participation rate (sa) rose by 0.4 percentage points in June 1984 and was 0.5 percentage points above the June 1983 rate

. female participation rose 0.5 percentage points to 45.7 per cent in June 1984

. male participation was 76.8 per cent compared to 76.5 per cent in May 1984.

DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

For further information contact: Mr W Kelly on (062) 43 7426 or

(062) 47 8996 (AH)