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"Liberal women and policy formation"



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Q j O

I n a u g u r a l Me e t i n g -

OF THE

South Au s t r a l i a n L i b e r a l Wo m e n' s Netw ork

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" L i b e r a l W o m e n a n d P o l i c y F o r m a t i o n "

ADDRESS BY

I a n M a c p h e e MR ■

Shadow Mi n i s t e r r e s p o n s ib l e for t h e St a t u s of Women

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I AM HONOURED TO HAVE BEEN ASKED TO SPEAK AT TH IS INAUGURAL

MEETING OF THE SOUTH AUSTRALIAN LIBERAL WOMEN'S NETWORK. - '

• · ' ' . X

AS YOU ARE AWARE EVE MAHLAB AND MY W I F E J U L I E FOUNDED THE

L i b e r a l F e m i n i s t N e t w o r k i n V i c t o r i a a b o u t 2 y e a r s a g o ,

a n d K a t e C a r o a n d J a n K l e i n i g e s t a b l i s h e d t h e L i b e r a l N e t w o r k

S p e c i a l B r a n c h s h o r t l y a f t e r w a r d s i n N.S.W.

The r ea s o n s for e s t a b l i s h i n g t h o s e netw orks a r e e s s e n t i a l l y ,

THE SAME AS THOSE WHICH HAVE LEAD YOU TO FORM YOURS. THE

ESSENTIAL REASON IS THAT NONE OF THE OTHER AVENUES WITHIN

t h e Pa r t y s t r u c t u r e g i v e l i k e - m in d e d women a c h a n c e t o e x p l o r e ·

ISSUES OF CONCERN TO THEM. THE NETWORKS ATTRACT WOMEN WHO

ARE COMBINING OR AIM TO COMBINE CAREERS, BOTH AT HOME AND

IN THE PAID WORKFORCE. ' ' ' ' ■' "— ■ ·' y: " ' : : V "r '

I WAS DELIGHTED WHEN EVE AND J U L IE CHOSE THE TERM "NETWORK"

BECAUSE IT WAS AN IRONIC REMINDER TO MEN THAT THEY THRIVE ..

ON THEIR "OLD BOY NETWORKS", AND WOMEN MUST DO THE SAME IF

MEN ARE TO TAKE THEM SERIOUSLY OUTSIDE THE HOME. .

I REGRET TO SAY THAT THE MAJORITY OF MEN IN POSITIONS OF

power i n Au s t r a l i a s t i l l do n o t t a k e s e r i o u s l y women ; . ‘

WHO SEEK TO PARTICIPATE IN A C T IV IT IE S OUTSIDE THE TR ADITIONAL __

ROLES WHICH WOMEN HAVE PLAYED. THEREFORE A NETWORK IS

NECESSARY TO PROVIDE SUPPORT AND ENCOURAGEMENT FOR WOMEN

SEEKING TO SUCCEED IN ROLES HITHERTO REGARDED AS MALE.

- 0 ; :· > ■

I t i s a l s o n e c e s s a r y a s a fo c u s for p o l i c y f o r m a t io n w h ic h

CAN THEN BE PROCESSED THROUGH THE OTHER PARTY STRUCTURES,

I AM GLAD THAT SEVERAL OF YOU W ILL BE MEMBERS OF BOTH THE_‘

Network a n d t h e Wo m e n' s Se c t i o n . I t i s i m p o r t a n t t h a t t h e r e

BE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THEM AND THAT THE NEEDS WHICH EACH

IS SERVICING BE FULLY UNDERSTOOD, EACH HAS A MOST IMPORTANT

ROLE TO PLAY IN THE REJUVENATION OF THE LIBERAL PARTY. THEIR

A C T IV IT IE S SHOULD BE COMPLEMENTARY, NOT COMPETITIVE. TO

MEET THE CONVENIENCE OF THEIR RESPECTIVE MEMBERS, THE

Se c t i o n s w i l l c o n t in u e to m e e t d u r i n g w eek d a y s w h i l e t h e

Networks w i l l m e e t a t n i g h t or on o c c a s i o n a l w e e k e n d s , On c e ..

A YEAR, HOWEVER, A JO IN T FUNCTION MIGHT BE USEFUL IN ORDER TO

GUARD AGAINST ANY MISUNDERSTANDINGS. . THAT IS A MATTER WHICH

MUST BE LEFT TO THE JUDGEMENT OF THE PEOPLE INVOLVED IN

EACH STATE. : ‘

> · ^-vV ■ ; ■ ; .. ' - ‘ * ; · ' · ■

Th e r e i s no d o u b t t h a t t h e L i b e r a l Pa r t y no lo n g e r commands

THE MAJORITY OF FEMALE VOTES, A L L THE SURVEYS SHOW THAT,

AND THE ONLY AREA FOR DEBATE IS WHY T H IS HAS OCCURED. IT IS

TRUE THAT IN FLATIO N , HIGH INTEREST RATES AND UNEMPLOYMENT

WOULD BE ONE REASON - BUT SO IT WAS WITH MALES. I T IS ALSO

TRUE THAT OUR RHETORIC HAS OFTEN EMPHASISED THE ECONOMIC, r

RATHER THAN THE SOCIAL COST OF CERTAIN OPTIONS. WE HAVE

SOUNDED LESS CONCERNED WITH PEOPLE THAN WE HAVE ACTUALLY '

BEEN, AND LESS CONCERNED THAN OUR OPPONENTS PORTRAYED THEMSELVES

AS BEING. BUT, PERHAPS ABOVE A L L , WE SEEMED RELUCTANT TO

FACE UP TO SOCIAL CHANGE AND TO ADOPT NEW P O LIC IES IN RESPONSE

TO CHANGE. AND THESE CHANGES PARTICULARLY, INVOLVE THE WAY

IN WHICH WOMEN SEE THEMSELVES AND WHAT THEY EXPECT OF OTHER'

PEOPLE AND OF OUR VARIOUS IN S T IT U T IO N S .

I WAS DELIGHTED THEREFORE TO READ THE PUBLICATION ENTITLED

"Women a n d t h e L i b e r a l Pa r t y i n So u t h Au s t r a l i a " . I commend

THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS PUBLICATION. ITS CONTENTS ARE

EXCELLENT AND ITS PRESENTATION IS BOTH TIMELY AND ARRESTING.

Wh a t b e t t e r s t a t e m e n t of b o t h p r o b l e m a n d i s s u e c o u l d b e

MADE THAN THE OPENING LIN E S ?:

" T he L i b e r a l Pa r t y b e l i e v e s i n :

* EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY

* EQUALITY OF STATUS .

* FREEDOM FROM D ISCRIM INATIO N ' - . '

The L i b e r a l Pa r t y a p p r e c i a t e s t h e c h a n g in g c i r c u m s t a n c e s

\ AND EXPECTATIONS OF WOMEN TODAY, AND IS COMMITTED TO .

THE ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN'S OPPORTUNITIES AND R IG H T S ."

SO IT IS AND SO IT MUST ALWAYS BE, IF THE LIBERAL PARTY IS

TO BE RELEVANT TO A MAJORITY OF WOMEN AND, THEREFORE, IMPROVE

ITS ELECTORAL PROSPECTS. ^ .

Ac t u a l l y , t h e r ec or d of t h e Fr a s e r Go v e r n m e n t was b e t t e r

THAN MANY PEOPLE GAVE I T CREDIT FOR BEING. THE NATIONAL

Wo m e n' s Ad v i s o r y Co u n c i l was e s t a b l i s h e d b y t h a t Go v e r n m e n t ,

AND WHILE IT WAS HEADED BY THAT GREAT LIBERAL LEADER,

Dame Be r y l Be a u r e p a i r e , i t was made up of r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s

FROM ALL P O LITIC A L PARTIES, ALL STATES AND ALL TYPES OF.

-4-

WOMEN'S ORGANISATIONS. IN ITS SIX YEARS OF OPERATION, IT

CONSULTED CONTINUALLY WITH WOMEN THROUGHOUT AUSTRALIA, .

MADE INDEPENDENT RECOMMENDATIONS TO GOVERNMENT, AND .

CONTRIBUTED GREATLY TO THE GENERAL AWARENESS OF THE DIVERSE

a s p i r a t i o n s and n eed s of modern Au s t r a l ia n w om en . T he

c u r r e n t Co n v e n o r , Mrs Qu e n t in Br y c e from Qu e e n s l a n d , has ,

BEEN AN EXCELLENT SUCCESSOR TO DAME BERYL, AND THE HAWKE * %

Go ver n m en t has made a g r e a t m i s t a k e i n a b o l i s h i n g t h e >

Co u n c i l . . . .

, /■ > ; . . . , On 6 Oc to b e r I a s k e d t h e Pr im e Mi n i s t e r t h e f o l l o w in g

Qu e s t io n Wit h o u t No t i c e : /

. .. "H a v in g regard to t h e Pr im e Mi n i s t e r ' s c o m m it m e n t

, . . . TO CONSULTATION AND CONSENSUS AND TO THE FACT THAT

■ _■ a l l Labor Pr e m ie r s h a v e b r o a d l y - b a s e d w om en' s a d v is o r y

- . ;y« COUNCILS, WHY HAS THE PRIME MINISTER ABOLISHED THE

. Na t i o n a l Wo m e n ' s Ad v is o r y Co u n c i l ? How does he now

PROPOSE TO RECEIVE DIRECT ADVICE FROM WOMEN OUTSIDE

® THE BUREAUCRACY AND THE LABOR MOVEMENT? "

. : . T he Pr im e Mi n i s t e r r e p l i e d t h a t : - ,

- ' · · .* ’ ' ' · · · ; * - .

. ■ . ■- y ; · , ■' ■·â–  · ' · ·· ’ · ή ' · - ' - ■ ■ - - r .

; ' " I WAS A D V I S E D THAT THE E X I S T I N G PROCESS OF C ON SU L TA TI ON

HAD NOT BEEN WORKING S A T I S F A C T O R I L Y . WE D E C I D E D TO

. ATTEMPT ANOTHER METHOD OF P R O V I D I N G FOR C O N S U L T A T I O N .

V e r y f o r t u n a t e l y , a s d i s t i n c t f r o m t h e O p p o s i t i o n ,

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WE ON T H I S S I D E OF THE HOUSE HAVE MANY WOMEN MEMBERS, ; '

AND MAY I SAY WHAT AN EX C EL LE NT R EPRE SENT ATI VE BODY

THEY A R E. I T HAS BEEN SUGGESTED THAT AN E F F E C T I V E WAY

OF ARRANGING FOR C ONSUL TATI ON THROUGH TO THE COMMUNITY

- I SAY THIS VERY SINCERELY TO THE HONOURABLE MEMBER ,

for Ba l a c l a v a - would be for t h e . women members of

Cauc us to c o n s t it u t e a group w h ic h would h ave t h e

RESPONSIBILITY FOR THIS PROCESS OF CONSULTATION, I

HOPE AND I BELIEVE THAT THAT PROCESS W ILL PROVE EFFECTIVE.

IF WE FIND THr^T THAT PROCESS IS NOT AS EFFECTIVE AS THE

PREVIOUS METHOD AND THAT THERE IS ROOM FOR IMPROVEMENT,

N ,

4-

OF COURSE THAT IMPROVEMENT W I L L BE U N D E R T A K E N . " V ·

» . - * · : . ;

T he Pr im e Mi n i s t e r i s t h e Mi n i s t e r r e s p o n s ib l e for t h e s t a t u s

of women and i t i s a s ad r e f l e c t i o n on h i s i n t e r e s t i n t h e

SUBJECT THAT HE COULD NOT INDICATE WHY THE NATIONAL WOMEN'S

Ad v is o r y Co u n c i l had pr o ved to b e u n s a t i s f a c t o r y , or where

ELSE HE WOULD GET ADVICE. IN EFFECT HE CONCEDED THAT HE - \

, WOULD ONLY GET THE VIEWS OF LABOR PARTY WOMEN AND BUREAUCRATS.

4*

A LITTLE LATER THAT EVENING THE PRIME MINISTER RETURNED TO

t h e House to a d d to h i s answer t h u s : λ .

" I n answer to a q u e s t io n from t h e h o n o u r a b le m ember

for Ba l a c l a v a (Mr Ma c p h e e ) I s a i d t h a t women m e m ber s

of Cau c u s w i l l c o n s t i t u t e a group w h ic h w i l l h a v e t h e

RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE PROCESS OF CONSULTATION WITH

■ WOMEN AND WOMEN'S ORGANISATIONS. I SHOULD HAVE

Λ

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■ - * ·

I N D I C A T E D THAT T H I S I S AN I N T E R I M STEP AND THAT THE

G o v e r n m e n t h a s a s y e t m a d e no f i r m d e c i s i o n s on t h e

MANNER I N WHICH THE GOVERNMENT W I L L CONSULT WI TH

w o m e n . T h e G o v e r n m e n t i s p r e s e n t l y g i v i n g c o n s i d e r a t i o n

TO NEW C ON S UL T A T I V E ARRANGEMENTS FOLLOWING THE PHASI NG

o u t o f t h e N a t i o n a l W o m e n ' s A d v i s o r y C o u n c i l , ,

R e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o f s o m e 3 0 o r g a n i s a t i o n s h a v e b e e n -*"■

I N V I T E D TO MEET SENATOR RYAN I N CANBERRA ON 9 NOVEMBER

TO D I SC USS HOW T H I S MI GH T BEST BE D O N E. THE GOVERNMENT

W I L L MAKE D E C I S I O N S ON THE B A S I S OF THE OUTCOME OF

THESE D I S C U S S I O N S . "

I HOPE " ψ Α Τ T H I S NETWORK AND A L L OTHER NETWORKS1 AND S E C T I O N S T *

i n t h e L i b e r a l P a r t y w i l l t a k e u p t h e o p p o r t u n i t y t h e r e b y -

B E L AT E D LY - PRESENTED, ONE WONDERS HOW LONG I T WOULD HAVE . . .

TAKEN FOR THE GOVERNMENT TO ANNOUNCE THE HOL DI NG OF THE /

C o n f e r e n c e . I t r u s t t h a t a t l e a s t M r s L i z G r a n t , T h e

F e d e r a l C h a i r m a n o f t h e L i b e r a l P a r t y ' s W o m e n ' s S e c t i o n s V

w i l l b e i n v i t e d t o a t t e n d t h e C o n f e r e n c e . A s L i z i s a n ' V

EXAMPLE o f o n e who h a s s u c c e s s f u l l y c o m b i n e d h e r d o m e s t i c

AND PR OFESSI ONAL R E S P O N S I B I L I T I E S , SHE WOULD BE I D E A L TO

ASSEMBLE AND PRESENT THE VI E W S OF L I B E R A L WOMEN. No DOUBT ,.

SHE W I L L WRI TE TO YOU WHEN HER I N V I T A T I O N I S CON FI RMED . - ' l

T h e N e t w o r k s s h o u l d b e a b l e t o p r o v i d e r e l e v a n t s h a d o w

M I N I S T E R S AND T H E I R COMMITTEES WI T H V A L U A B L E A D V I C E NOT

R E A D I L Y A V A I L A B L E ELSEWHERE.

, . . / 7

'>1 -

^S;

-4c*·-

The Network i n V i c t o r i a has a l r e a d y p r o d u c e d some m o s t <

IMPORTANT MATERIAL FOR BOTH THE STATE AND FEDERAL PARTIES.

IT WAS THE FIRST GROUP WITHIN THE PARTY TO PRODUCE A

PAPER ON PRESELECTION PROCEDURES, AND WHAT THE NETWORK

SUBMITTED WAS SUBSTANTIALLY ADOPTED BY THE LAST STATE

Co u n c i l .

Th a t Network a l s o pr o d u c ed a m o st im p o r t a n t o u t l i n e of

a Na t i o n a l Ch i l d r e n ' s Po l i c y . Un f o r t u n a t e l y , i t was

PREPARED TOO LATE TO BE EXAMINED PROPERLY BY THE FRASER % - . . .

G o v e r n m e n t b e f o r e t h e e l e c t i o n . H a d t h e e l e c t i o n b e e n

DEFERRED U N T I L DECEMBER, THE M A T E R I A L COULD HAVE R E C E I V E D

PROPER E X A M I N A TI O N I N RESPECT OF T H I S Y E A R ' S BUDGET.

I n a s t r i c t s e n s e t h e MAJOR r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r p o l i c i e s

REGARDING CHI LDREN LIES I N THE STATE SPHERE. HOWEVER,

THERE I S NO DOUBT THAT T H I S I S AN EXC EL LE NT T I M E FOR THE

PARTY ORGANI SA TI ONS TO COMBINE W I T H OUR STATE AND FEDERAL .

P a r l i a m e n t a r y p a r t i e s t o s e e i f we c a n p r o d u c e a n i n t e g r a t e d

APPROACH TO A C H I L D R E N ' S P O L I C Y - SOMETHING WHICH NO

P O L I T I C A L PARTY HAS TACKLED SO FAR AS I AM AWARE. I AM

SURE THAT I F YOU CARED TO W R I TE TO MY W I F E OR EVE MAH L A B,

T h e y w o u l d b e p l e a s e d t o s e n d y o u t h e i r m a t e r i a l , a n d

WORK FURTHER ON I T W I T H YOU,· / .

I n t h i s r e g a r d , a n e t w o r k o f s h a d o w m i n i s t e r s i s a l s o

b e i n g d e v e l o p e d a n d i f y o u c o n t a c t t h e F e d e r a l S h a d o w

M i n i s t e r i n y o u r a r e a o f i n t e r e s t , y o u s h o u l d g e t a c c e s s

ί

-Î’­

ί ο WHATEVER IS BEING PRODUCED BY LIBERAL ID E N T IT IE S , FOR

EXAMPLE, IF A GROUP OF YOU DECIDED TO LOOK AT THE FEDERAL

and St a t e a s p e c t s of a c h i l d r e n ' s p o l i c y , you could not do

BETTER THAN START WITH A SPLENDID PAPER PREPARED BY THE HON.

V i r g i n i a Ch a d w ic k , M. L. C. , for t h e Shadow Ca b i n e t in N.S.W, Λ

on "E a r l y Ch il d h o o d Se r v i c e s " . T h a t p a p e r c o v e r e d t h e ;

FOLLOWING TOPICS: L.

■ .

' - * P r e - S c h o o l s

" * O c c a s i o n a l C a r e '

. * L ong D a y a n d I n d u s t r i a l B a s e d C a r e ·

* F a m i l y D a y C a r e : - ■ : « : - '

* A b o r i g i n a l C h i l d C a r e λ f . , j *.

■ * P l a y G r o u p s · , j

* C a r e i n I s o l a t e d a n d D i s a d v a n t a g e d A r e a s

: * C a r e f o r t h e H a n d i c a p p e d ' ·

> C o m m e r c i a l C h i l d C a r e ,

* E x p e r i m e n t a l P r o g r a m m e s a n d t h e U s e o f G o v e r n m e n t F a c i l i t i e s

* A d m i n i s t r a t i v e C o - o r d i n a t i o n

S * L i c e n s i n g o f C h i l d C a r e f a c i l i t i e s t o e n s u r e a p p r o p r i a t e

Q U A L I T Y OF CARE. . ;

I MENTION THIS TO TRY AND STIMULATE INTEREST IN SOME TOPICS. . · ! . . · UPON WHICH THE L I B E R A L P A R TY . NE E D S A -FRESH APPROACH, AND

UPON WHICH MANY OF YOU WOULD HAVE A GREAT D EA L TO C O N T R I B U T E .

YOU MAY WELL F I N D THAT A S E R I E S OF WORKING P A R T I E S WOULD BE

F R U I T F U L , AND TO SAVE YOU D U P L I C A T I N G WORK DONE ELSEWHERE,

I AM SURE THAT ANY OF THE SOUTH AUSTRALIAN SHADOW M INISTERS,

,/9

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Se n a t o r s , Members a n d s t a f f would h e l p you lo c a t e t h e work

OF OTHERS, I DO NOT DOUBT THAT THE HON, DIANA L.AIDLAW, f

M . L . C . , WILL PROVIDE A SIMILAR LIN K WITH THE STATE X

Pa r l ia m e n t a r y Pa r t y . /

The r e a d y a v a i l a b i l i t y of q u a l i t y , c o s t - e f f e c t i v e c h i l d

CARE IS OF CRITIC AL IMPORTANCE TO TRANSLATING OUR .

COMMITMENT TO EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY BETWEEN THE SEXES

TO A REALITY. TON^ MESSNER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE'

PREPARATION OF OUR POLICIES IN THE CONTEXT OF OUR APPROACH Γ ;

TO SOCIAL SECURITY. H e AND I W ILL BE TALKING AT LENGTH, ;/:// -

BUT I KNOW HE WOULD WELCOME YOUR VIEW S. * | - . . ΐ

I SHOULD HASTEN TO ADD THAT I KNOW VERY WELL THAT YOU ARE

NOT INTERESTED SOLELY IN FAMILY AND CHILDREN 'jS POLICY. .

No n e t h e l e s s , i t i s im p o r t a n t to d w e l l upon i t t o n ig h t for

SEVERAL REASONS. IN NO PARTICULAR ORDER THESE ARE: / . . '

* The l i b e r a l Pa r t y n e e d s f r e s h i d e a s i n t h i s a r e a .

IF IT IS TO KEEP UP WITH THE CHANGING ATTITUDES

AND PRACTICES OF OUR SOCIETY; .

* YOU RESPRESENT WOMEN WITH A DESIRE FOR YOUR F A M IL IE S 7 7

WELLBEING, YOUR OWN FULFILMENT IN VARIOUS C A P A C ITIE S ,

A NEW VISION FOR A PARTNERSHIP OF THE BEST TALENT,

CREATIVITY AND ENERGY IN AUSTRALIA, AND HOW THAT

VISION MAY BE ACHIEVED; ■

. . . n o

• ·- · ··- - *

' . ‘ - · = . · , . · · ' · v ··· ' '"T . '

' f«- · * · ·· ' , - w - t.

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, . ' ■

* T h e f a c t t h a t b e c a u s e y o u s e e k a p a i d r o l e o u t s i d e

THE HOME, YOU ARE ACCUSED WI TH V A R I OU S DEGREES OF

EMOTION OF B E I N G A N T I - M E N , A N T I - F A M I L Y OR T R A I T O R S .

TO SOME I L L - D E F I N E D IMAGE OF CONFORMI TY. __

S u c h i n n u e n d o or o u t r i g h t c r i t i c i s m m u s t b e h u r t f u l t o y o u .

P o l i t i c i a n s m u s t b e c a s e - h a r d e n e d / b u t I am s t i l l b o u n d ; M

TO ADMIT TO BEING HURT WHEN I AM TOLD OF WHISPERING CAMPAIGNS j

i n t h e L i b e r a l Pa r t y w h ic h s u g g e s t t h a t my s u p p o r t for

EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY BETWEEN THE SEXES (AND THE ELIM INATION

OF SEXISM) SOMEHOW MAKES ME A N T I-F A M IL Y . ANYONE WHO KNOWS ~

ME KNOWS THAT THE MOST IMPORTANT NEED I HAVE IS MY FAM ILY. · ‘

And out «pF n e e d , lo v e i s b o r n e . But out of n eed o t h e r " * '

a s p i r a t i o n s a l s o s t i r . T he n e e d for i n d i v i d u a l f u l f i l m e n t -

SELF-DETERMINATION - BEING ONE. V

The w omen' s l i b e r a t i o n m o vem ent was r e a l l y a b o u t p e o p l e ' s

‘ l i b e r a t i o n . Ma n y men and women f e l t u n c o m f o r t a b le w it h

THE CHALLENGES IT POSED. IT WAS CERTAINLY EASY FOR THEM ·

TO REJECT THE MODE OF EXPRESSION. BUT AFTER YEARS OF .

STEREOTYPED ROLE-PLAYING AND THE SUPPRESSION OF INNER "

DISCONTENT ON THE PART OF WOMEN IN PARTICULAR, BUT ALSO

SOME MEN, A DRAMATIC AWARENESS ™=""RAISING CAMPAIGN WAS

NEEDED. ·.·â–  ” " '

So IT IS THAT YOU HAVE AN IMMEDIATE TASK IN THE LIBERAL

PARTY: MAKE AS MANY OF ITS BRANCH MEMBERS AS POSSIBLE

AWARE OF THE RANGE OF FAMILY FORMATIONS IN OUR SOCIETY AND

J l l

► . ·

' ■

THE NEEDS OF THE I N D I V I D U A L S W I T H I N THEM. YOUR TASK IN K

So u t h Au s t r a l i a i s e a s i e r t h a n t h a t o f s o m e o f y o u r

COUNTERPARTS IN OTHER S T AT ES , BECAUSE YOUR SENATORS AND

Me m b e r s a r e p a r t i c u l a r l y e n l i g h t e n e d a b o u t s u c h m a t t e r s.

As t h e Va l d e r Re p o r t s t a t e s h o w e v e r, Li b e r a l Pa r t y Br a n c h e s

REPRESENT A L I T T L E OVER 3% OF PEOPLE WHO WOULD NORMALLY

v o t e Li b e r a l. Th e r e f o r e Li b e r a l Pa r l i a m e n t a r i a n s n e e d

ACCESS TO PEOPLE OUTSIDE THE BRANCH STRUCTURE, AS WELL

a s w i t h i n i t . You r Ne t w o r k c a n p r o v i d e s u c h a l i n k so

A .

t h a t Li b e r a l Pa r l i a m e n t a r i a n s m a y b e m o r e c o n f i d e n t t h a t

% · ' . .

THEY REPRESENT THE VIEWS OF L I B E R A L VO TE RS . .

_ ■

: v ' · : :

- . f - . - . ·

■ ■ ■ ,r;>.''

■ y C * ■ , ·

" t' x 4-·"' · ‘ . · ..

■ ' -

Al l o f us c h e r i s h t h e i d e a l s o f t h e t r a d i t i o n a l! f a m i l y.

We e a c h w a n t t o b e p a r t o f i t - AND p e r h a p s, i n t h i s r o o m,

MOST OF US ARE. BUT THE R E A L I T Y FOR MOST A U ST R AL IA N S I S

FAR FROM THAT I D E A L . THE ROLE OF P O L I T I C A L P A R T IE S I S

Λ .

• ;.· p < ■ - \

.* rl ' 1. ■ ■ ■ -

NOT TO PASS JUDGEMENTS ABOUT SUCH TRENDS, BUT TO D E V IS E

; P O L I C I E S TO COPE WITH THEM. IN SOME CASES I T MIGHT BE ' ..

. POSSIBLE TO ARREST THEM, BUT FOR MOST OF THE T I M E

• Pa r l i a m e n t s a c k n o w l e d g e w h a t i s a n d d e a l w i t h p r o b l e m s

a c c o r d i n g l y. Th i s i s a l l t h e m o r e t r u e o f a Li b e r a l

’ · ■ - - ·

Pa r t y w h i c h p r o f e s s e s p e r p e t u a l l y i t s c o n c e r n w i t h t h e

I N D I V I D U A L . ' ; ;

• . .. ... ’ ' V . . . ‘ - .

In c r e a s i n g l y - a n d s o m e w h a t r e l u c t a n t l y - I f i n d m y s e l f

AN ACKNOWLEDGED CONSENSUS F I G U R E , CAST IN THE ROLE OF

" T E L L I N G I T HOW I T I S " . AT T H I S STAGE OF OUR P O L I C Y FORMATION

I T I S IMPORTANT THAT SOMEONE DOES T H A T . LET ME THEREFORE

. . . / η v

DRAW TOGETHER SOME PERTINENT POINTS FOR YOUR LATER CONSIDERATION.

AS WAS OBSERVED RECENTLY BY MR DON SALTMARSH, THE SHADOW ' 4

Mi n i s t e r for Co m m u n it y We l f a r e Se r v i c e s i n V i c t o r i a , " T h e r e -

IS NO LONGER A SINGLE UNIVERSAL PATTERN OF RELATIONSHIPS -

WHICH DESCRIBES A FAMILY U N IT . THE NUCLEAR FAMILY - ADULT

MALE AND ADULT FEMALE WITH ONE OR MORE OFFSPRING - APPLIES TO

APPROXIMATELY 26% OF AUSTRALIAN FAMILY U N I T S ." INDEED, IF

ONE TAKES INTO ACCOUNT THAT IN THE TRADITIONAL 20TH CENTURY

FAMILY THE FEMALE WAS* FULLY DEPENDANT, THEN THE SO-CALLED

TRADITIONAL FAMILY IS LESS THAN 20% OF CURRENT FAMILY FORMATIONS.

Ne i t h e r Mr^Sa l t m a r s h - who i n c i d e n t a l l y i s an o r d a in e d c l e r g y m a n ·

NOR ANYONE ELSE REJOICES AT THESE TRENDS, BUT HE IS A REALIST

WHO ADDS THAT: . ,,

S i n g l e - p a r e n t f a m i l i e s , c h i l d l e s s f a m i l i e s , d e p e n d e n t

• AGED p e r s o n s c a r e d for b y yo u n g er FAMILY MEMBERS, '

SIBLIN G DEPENDENCY, AND NEW MODELS OF COMMUNAL

ORGANISATIONS ALL REFLECT CONTEMPORARY AUSTRALIAN

F A M ILIE S . ■

Thus L i b e r a l s a r e r i g h t t o show con c er n for t h e n u r t u r in g r o le

OF THE FAMILY FOR THE IN D IV ID U A L , BUT THEIR POLICIES MUST HAVE

REGARD TO THE NATURE OF THOSE F A M IL IE S . CERTAINLY LIBERALS

SHOULD LOOK AT THE AREA OF LOCAL OR EVEN NON-GOVERNMENT

INVOLVEMENT, WHICH DON SALTMARSH INCORPORATES AS AN OBJECTIVE,

I m a g i n a t i v e , c a r in g r e s p o n s e s can b e prom oted V<’

AT NEIGHBOURHOOD l e v e l to p r e v e n t , as much as p o s s i b l e ,

FAMILY BREAKDOWN, AND THE INCIDENCE OF VIOLENCE AGAINST

OTHER PEOPLE.

S i m i l a r l y , Mrs Prue S i b r e e , a f o u n d a t io n member of t h e L i b e r a l ‘

Fe m i n i s t Network and t h e su c c esso r to S i r Ru p e r t Hamer as

Member for Kew, has s a i d in her Shadow Mi n i s t e r ' s r o le t h a t V

A POLICY FOR CHILDREN AND EARLY CHILDHOOD IS REQUIRED % '

TO RELECT THE NEEDS OF CHILDREN IN THE CONTEXT OF

THEIR FAMILY AND, THEREFORE, RELECTS ALSO THE NEED FOR

a Fa m i l y Po l i c y to be d e v e l o p e d and s t a t e d i b y - t h e Pa r t y , i

■ > . - , . . . ; '

Mr s Si b r e e h a s b e e n i n c o n t a c t w i t h Mr s Ch a d w i c k, b u t h a s

n o t h a d a s l o n g i n Op p o s i t i o n t o p r o d u c e a d e t a i l e d p o l i c y.

No n e t h e l e s s, h e r a p p r o a c h i s i n s t r u c t i v e f o r a l l o f u s:

"" ■ " Li b e r a l s b e l i e v e t h e v a l u e s o f t h e f a m i l y s h o u l d b e ;

r e s p e c t e d a n d i n d e p e n d e n t d e c i s i o n- m a k i n g w i t h i n

. f a m i l i e s s h o u l d b e e n c o u r a g e d. Pa r e n t s h a v e t h e p r i m a r y

r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t h e e a r l y d e v e l o p m e n t s t a g e o f l i f e

FROM CONCEPTION TO SCHOOL A G E , AND, WH ILE L I B E R A L S

RECOGNISE THE VALUE OF FU LL T I M E CARE BY A PARENT ,

DURING THE EARLY YEARS OF CHILDHOOD; I T RECOGNISES SOME

. F A M I L I E S MAY WISH TO HAVE SU BS TIT UT E C H I L D CARE BY OTHERS.

! Hi s t o r i c a l l y, Go v e r n m e n t i n v o l v e m e n t i n e a r l y c h i l d h o o d

I S UNCOMFORTABLY SPREAD BETWEEN THE COMMONWEALTH AND THE

St a t e s . The Co m m on w ealth b e g a n w i t h c h i l d care t h a t

'M IN D ED ' CHILDREN, BUT IT HAS NOW BLOSSOMED TO STRESSING

THAT ALL CARE SHOULD BE ADEQUATELY DEVELOPMENTAL. THE "

St a t e s b e g a n w i t h k i n d e r g a r t e n s , b u t now s t r e s s t h e w h o le '

DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS OF THE EARLY YEARS. BOTH STATES AND .

Co mmonw ealth h a v e e m p h a s i s e d Go v e r n m e n t d e c i d e d p r o g r a m s, '

OFTEN IN CONFLICT (RATHER THAN ASSISTANCE TO PARENTS)

AND THE OBJECT OF A LIBERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD BE TO

ENHANCE THE IN D IV ID U A L OPTIONS OF PARENTS AND F A M IL IE S .

- - X ' . '

Another im p o r t a n t s o u r c e . of s t u d y for t h i s s u b j e c t i s " A n e s s a y

on t h e I m p o r ta n c e of Ch i l d Ca r e " b y Dr J.B. Be s t on b e h a l f *

of GRAPPLE, The Group for Ra t i o n a l Ad v a n c e m e n t of Pr o g r e s s iv e

L i b e r a l i s m , 26 Boyd St r e e t , Al b e r t Pa r k , VIC, 3206. Of -r .

PARTICULAR SIGNIFICANCE IS THE DEGREE OF POVERTY IN SINGLE

MOTHER FA M ILIE S . IT IS THE VIEW OF GRAPPLE THAT " I F , BY ; .

ALTERING OUR WAY OF PROVIDING CHILD CARE, WE CAN HELP TO

ALLEVIATE SOME OF THE PROBLEMS OF THIS GROUP, WE SHALL BE

MORE ENTITLED TO CALL OURSELVES A FAIR SO C IETY". I AM IN

COMPLETE AGREEMENT WITH THOSE SENTIMENTS AND AM NOT SURPRISED

THAT SOME OF THOSE LIBERAL MPS, WHO SHOWED THEMSELVES TO BE

EITHER HOSTILE OR UNCARING TO' THE- PLIGHT OF SINGLE MOTHERS,

LOST THEIR SEATS AT THE LAST ELECTION. .

Su f f i c e i t i s to s ay t h a t we c o u l d a l l l e a r n much i f we e x c h a n g e d

BIBLIOGRAPHIES AND STUDIED EACH OTHERS' EFFORTS TO COME TO

TERMS WITH THE MODERN CHALLENGES. AGAIN, I SHOULD MENTION

-15*-

t h a t t h e L i b e r a l Fe m i n i s t Network i n V i c t o r i a has p r e p a r e d · / · '

MATERIAL ON FAMILY POLICY, AND THE NATIONAL WOMEN'S ADVISORY • „ . . , · · · - γ

C o u n c i l h a s r e c e i v e d a n d p u b l i s h e d a g r e a t d e a l o f v a l u a b l e J

- x ...

M A T E R I A L FOR FUTURE P O L I C Y F O R M UL AT I O N . S O , TO O, HAS THE _ V

I n s t i t u t e of Fa m i l y St u d i e s .

Some s a l i e n t p o in t s from a r e c e n t p u b l i c a t i o n of T he I n s t i t u t e

are i n s t r u c t i v e , Dr Pe t e r Sa u n d e r s i n h i s s t u d y , " E q u i t y

and t h e I m pac t on Fa m i l i e s of t h e Au s t r a l ia n Ta x - T r a n s f e r

Sy s t e m " o b s e r v e s t h a ^ : .

. * Between 1 9 7 5 -7 6 and 1 9 8 0 -8 1 in c o m e t a x e s ' on low

INCOME EARNERS WENT UP BY A LARGER PERCENTAGE' THAN

TAXES ON SIM ILAR FAM ILIES WITH HIGH INCOMES. (THE

DISPOSABLE INCOMES OF LOW INCOME FAM ILIES F E L L ,

RELATIVE TO THOSE EARNING FOUR TIMES AVERAGE WEEKLY

EARNINGS).

* TAX RELIEF FOR FAM ILIES RESULTED NOT FROM PARENTHOOD

BUT FROM THE DEPENDENCY OF A SPOUSE. THE REAL VALUE

of Fa m i l y Allo w a n c e s f e l l by n e a r l y 30% b e t w e e n 1 9 7 6 - 7 7

AND 1 9 8 0 -8 1 WHILE THE REAL VALUE OF THE DEPENDENT

Spouse Re b a t e in c r e a s e d b y 13% o ver t h e same p e r i o d ;

* Between 1 9 7 5 -7 6 and 1 9 8 0 - 8 1 f a m i l i e s w it h c h il d r e n

PAID INCREASINGLY HIGHER PROPORTIONS OF THEIR INCOME

AS TAX WHEN COMPARED WITH COUPLES WITHOUT CHILDREN AND

SINGLE PEOPLE.

716

-1 6 -

■ ■ 0·' ·

* T he la r g e r t h e f a m i l y , t h e la r g e r was t h e p e r c e n t a g e

INCREASE IN INCOME TAX. V~

* T he in c o m e s of p e n s io n e r s a n d b e n e f i c i a r i e s w it h .

CHILDREN FELL, RELATIVE TO THE DISPOSABLE INCOMES

OF THOSE WITH AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS.

* I ncome s u p p o r t p o l i c y r e s u l t e d i n a d e c l i n e i n t h e

REAL VALUE OF ASSISTANCE TO LOW INCOME FAM ILIES WITH

CHILDREN BOTH ABSOLUTELY AND RELATIVE TO LOW INCOME ' % · '

FAMILIES WITHOUT CHILDREN.

■ ' . ' ■ ■ ‘ . ■

AS I S ACKNOWLEDGED A P P R O P R I A T E LY I N THE FEDERAL PA R LI AME N TA R Y t . ’

P a r t y , I a n W i l s o n , T h e M e m b e r f o r S t u r t a n d m y f o r m e r

M i n i s t e r i a l c o l l e a g u e , h a s d o n e a g r e a t d e a l o f s t u d y i n s o m e

OF THE AREAS CANVASSED BY DR SAUNDERS. I T I S BEYOND THE

PURPOSE OF MY SPEECH T O NI GH T TO GO I N T O THOSE AREAS NOW. YOU

M I G H T , HOWEVER, WI SH I A N TO BE ONE OF YOUR F I R S T SPEAKERS I N

ORDER TO EXPLORE SOME OF THESE I S S U E S OF V I T A L IMPORTANCE ■

TO THE COMMUNITY AND OUR PAR TY.

I FEAR THAT I HAVE RUN OVER MY TIME AND I HAVE NOT DEALT WITH

THE RANGE OF PROFESSIONAL, EDUCATIONAL AND COMMERCIAL MATTERS

WHICH ARE OF INTEREST TO YOU. ,.lN AN "OMNIBUS" SPEECH ONE

COULD ONLY HAVE DONE SO SKETCHILY, BUT THAT WAS MY ORIGINAL

INTENTION NONETHELESS.

I WILL CONFINE MYSELF TO MENTIONING TRAINING AND WORK EXPERIENCE

FOR WOMEN OF ALL AGES. TECHNOLOGY CREATES MORE JOBS OVERALL

. '

. a », r

. . . /1 7

t

-17-

THAN IT DESTROYS, BUT IT IS CURRENTLY REMOVING JOBS HELD .

BY WOMEN AT A FASTER RATE THAN IT IS REMOVING JOBS HELD BY

m e n , T h i s i s a most im p o r t a n t a r e a for in d u s t r y / Go v e r n m e n ts

AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS TO ADDRESS, AND I BELIEVE THAT

YOU COULD ASSIST THE LIBERAL PARTY GREATLY IN ITS DELIBERATIONS

ON THIS V IT A L MATTER,

· ί · γ ·

S ome o f y o u b e l o n g t o o t h e r w o m e n ' s o r g a n i s a t i o n s , I h o p e

YOU W I L L CONTINUE TO DO SO. THE L I B E R A L PARTY W I L L BE THE

RICHER FOR YOUR INVOLVEMENT, A DIVID ED WOMEN'S MOVEMENT % · 1 ' ■

W I L L BE DEFEATED BY A P A T H Y , NEGLECT AND C HA U VA N IS M. AS DR

Anne Summers records i n her c l a s s i c work "D am ned Whores a n d _

Go d ' s Po l i c e " , t h e v o t e for women i n Au s t r a l i a - e v e n .i n t h e j

> , - r '

At h e n s of th e South - was far from b e i n g an e a s y s t r u g g l e . So

IT IS S T IL L WITH THE REMOVAL OF THE LAST FORMAL BARRIERS .

AGAINST t h e p a r t i c i p a t i o n of women i n our SOCIETY AS THE ■

EQUALS OF MEN. THERE IS L IT T LE RESISTANCE IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA

THANKS TO THE ENLIGHTENMENT OF STEELE HALL, DON DUNSTAN, . .

Da v i d T o n k in and J ohn Ba n n o n , b u t t h e p o s i t i o n e l s e w h e r e i n

Au s t r a l i a i s not as f a i r and p r o g r e s s iv e As one would w i s h ,

A ray of hope c o m es , ho w ever , from t h e Ch i e f Mi n i s t e r of

The No rthern Te r r it o r y , Pa u l Ev e r t n g h a m , who i s l e a d e r o f a

merged Co u n t r y - L i b e r a l Pa r t y . Mr Ev e r in g h a m h as c r i t i c i s e d

t h e Hawke Go v e r n m e n t ' s Sex Di s c r i m i n a t i o n B i l l a s not g o in g

FAR ENOUGH, AND NOT DOING JUSTICE TO THE U. N. CONVENTION ON

The El i m i n a t i o n of Al l Forms of Di s c r i m i n a t i o n Ag a i n s t Wo m e n,

I n p a r t i c u l a r , he c i t e s t h e d i s c r i m i n a t i o n s u f f e r e d b y r u r a l

.../IS

-18-

' . . f : ·

WOMEN, PROSTITUTES AND ABORIGINES AND URGES THE USE OF THE

EXTERNAL AFFAIRS POWER, IF NECESSARY, TO DEAL WITH THESE

SITUATIONS. '

We ARE NOT THE GOVERNMENT HOWEVER AND, AS THE SENATE IS

CONSIDERING THE SEX DISCRIMINATION B IL L AT THIS MOMENT,

THERE IS LITTLE POINT IN MY PURSUING THE CHIEF M IN IS T E R 'S

VERY RECENT SUGGESTIONS NOW, OBVIOUSLY ONE MUST KEEP

THEM IN MIND HOWEVER.

% · '

IN C LO S IN G , MAY I QUOTE FROM MRS KATE CARO, THE PRESIDENT OF

t h e Li b e r a l Ne t w o r k Sp e c i a l Br a n c h i n N.S.W. a t t h e i r ·

INAUGURAL .piNNER ON l* NOVEMBER 1 9 8 2 : : ‘ * " '

"We a r e t o d a y c o n f r o n t e d w it h a c o n s e r v a t iv e b a c k l a s h .

BOTH ON THE LEFT AND RIGHT OF POLITICS AND, UNLESS WE

REFUSE TO BE INTIM IDATED, UNLESS WE HAVE THE COURAGE

TO STAND UP AND BE COUNTED AND, IF NEED BE, MAKE

ENEMIES, WE WILL LOSE TO THE FORCES OF REACTION ALL THE

GAINS SO HARDLY WON.

Th i s w i l l not j u s t be a lo s s for women, t h i s w i l l b e a

LOSS FOR OUR WHOLE SOCIETY AND A GRIEVOUS LOSS FOR THE

CAUSE OF TRUE L IB E R A L IS M / ' -

We want to c a l l upon t h e e n e r g ie s of c o n c e r n e d women a n d

MEN TO TAKE UP THE CAUSE OF SUPPORTING WOMEN WHO AIM

HIGH IN BUSINESS, IN POLITICS OR ANY OTHER F IE L D , AND TO

-./19

*·. ·â– 

TAKE UP THE CAUSE OF WOMEN WHO ARE STRUGGLING WITH UNFAIR

BURDENS: _

The mother of a f a m i l y w i t h an i n s u f f i c i e n t i n c o m e .

The w o r k in g m o th er s t a g g e r in g u n d er a to o h e a v y work l o a d .

Women t o d a y a r e s h o u l d e r in g an e v e r i n c r e a s i n g b u r d e n ,

THEY WORK LONGER HOURS FOR LESS MONEY THAN MEN, AND THAT

GAP IS INCREASING.

OF THE LARGE AND INCREASING PROPORTION OF MARRIED WOMEN % '

IN THE WORKFORCE, 50% HAVE CHILDREN OF TWELVE YEARS OR

y o u n g e r . Mo s t of th e m do n o t work for fun or s e l f - , -

FULFILMENT, BUT OUT OF NECESSITY. OUR SOCIETY HAS DONE ■ ' S ■ > " ' ■

L IT T L E ENOUGH IN THE PAST TO HELP THEM, BUT I T . I S INCREASINGLY

• D O I N G LESS AND L E S S ."

'

T h e r e i s t h e c h a l l e n g e . Y ou a r e e n d o w e d w i t h a p a r t i c u l a r l y

F I N E GROUP OF FEDERAL P A R L I A M E N T A R I A N S A N D , FROM MY L I M I T E D .

KNOWLEDGE OF THEM, YOU ARE ALSO WELL SERVED BY YOUR STA T E AND

O R G A N I S A T I O N A L R E P R E S E N T A T I V E S . B U T , H AVI NG S A I D T H A T , YOU

W I L L NEED A L L OF THE T A L E N T , I D E A S AND ENERGY AT YOUR D I S P O S A L

TO A C H I E V E REAL E Q U A L I T Y BETWEEN THE S E X E S . THANK YOU FOR

. I N V I T I N G ME TO BE YOUR GUEST T O N I G H T . I STAND READY TO A S S I S T

I N ANY WAY P O S S I BL E THE A C H I E V I N G OF OUR AGREED O B J E C T I V E .