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Transcript: National Press Club: 27 July 1983: Mr Peacock on foreign policy



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TR LIBERAL PARTY FEDERAL SECRETARIAT (062) 73 2564 g-Jbss&i1 r g i - . - J y K A K S O V T O N t citoSc551S 5 " 5 ξΞ£?: ' j , : 1®8£§?§Î

N a t i o n a l P r e s s C’p i b . 27 J u l y , 1983 .

Mr Peacock on f o r e i g n p o l i c y .

Q. C o s tig a n ; R e l a t e d q u e s t i o n s on f o r e i g n p o l i c y . You c h id e d t h e

Bbreign M i n i s t e r f o r e m p h a s is in g t h e l i m i t a t i o n s o f t h e ANZUS t r e a t y

aid you a l s o say t h a t t h e s u c c e s s i v e co a l i t i o n governm ents h ave n o t

s o u g h t t o im ply t h a t t h e T r e a t y a p p l i e d t o o t h e r th a n t h e P a c i f i c

r e g i o n . What i s t h e d i f f e r e n c e be tw ee n t h o s e two p o l i c i e s , i f t h e r e

i s a n y . S e c o n d ly , do you a g r e e w i t h t h e l a s t 3 Prime M i n s i t e r s

t h a t A u s t r a l i a , a s a s p e c i a l f r i e n d o f t h e U n ite d S t a t e s , can sp e ak

o p e n ly and f r a n k l y when i t d i s a g r e e s w i t h i t i n p o l i c y . T h i r d ,

i n r e f e r e n c e t o y o u r r e f e r e n c e , w h a t now, i f i t i s n o t t h e ANZUS

t r e a t y , w h at i s t h e b a s i s f o r o u r mem bership o f t h e w e s t e r n a l l i a n c e .

A. F i r s t l y , ANZUS i s b u t one e le m e n t i n our r e l a t i o n s h i p w i t h t h e

U n ite d S t a t e s . I t i s t h e c o r n e r s t o n e o f our f o r e i g n p o l i c y and o u r

d e fe n c e and s t r a t e g i c p l a n n i n g . T h a t i s o b v i o u s . ANZUS i t s e l f

embraces and a l l who h ave s t u d i e d t h e communiques and t h e T r e a t y o ver

tim e s i n c e t h e ANZUS C o u n c il o f m i n i s t e r s f i r s t m e t , has been d i r e c t l y

p r i m a r i l y a t t h e P a c i f i c r e g i o n , when t h e r e w e re a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e

p a r t i e s i n v o l v e d . Communiques w ould a d d r e s s w id e r i s s u e s , b e c a u s e

you c a n , and t h i s i s a n o t h e r f a i l i n g o f t h e G overnm ent, you c a n t a d d r e s s

r e g i o n a l i s s u e s u n l e s s you have g o t y o u r g l o b a l a p p r e c i a t i o n r i g h t .

I n o t h e r w o r d s , t h e f i r s t d u t y , a f t e r a s s e s s i n g y o u r own n a t i o n a l

i n t e r e s t , w i t h f o r e i g n p o l i c y , i s t o make y o p r g l o b a l a s s e s s m e n t . From

t h a t you move to y our r e g i o n a l a s s e s s m e n t . I f you do i t i n t h e

r e v e r s e way, as t h i s governm ent has done, you w i l l n o t g e t i t r i g h t .

You s t a r t t o c o m p a r tm e n ta li s e b e f o r e s e e i n g t h e w hole p c i t u r e .

So, ANZUS' s l i m i t a t i o n s a r e t h e l i m i t a t i o n s t h a t have alw ays been

e x p r e s s e d w i t h i n t h e T r e a t y i t s e l f , t h a t i t c o v e r s th e P a c i f i c

r e g i o n . I w e l l remember d i s c u s s i n g t h i s v e r y i s s u e on t h e p o i n t t h a t

I had m e n tio n e d e a r l i e r , when t h a t r e q u e s t o f t h e C a r t e r A d m in is tra tio n

came on t h e r e g i o n a l d e f e n c e f o r c e f o r Diego G a r c i a .

S e c o n d ly , o f c o u r s e t h e s p e c i a l f r i e n d s h i p betw een A u s t r a l i a and

t h e U n ite d S t a t e s a llo w s us to d i f f e r , and t o sp e a k f r a n k l y t o t h e

U n ite d S t a t e s . Of c o u rs e i t d o e s . We a r e n o t g o in g t o subsume o u r

c o n s t i t u e n c y o f t h i s a r e a . We a r e n o t g o in g t o a ll o w o u r s e l v e s t o be

a non p a r t i c i p a n t i n f r a n k d i s c u s s i o n . We f r e q u e n t l y d i s a g r e e , when

I was F o r e i g n M i n i s t e r , w i t h a number o f m e a su re s o f t h e two

admins t r a t io n s t h a t I had t o work w i t h and t h e 3 t h a t w e re i n Government

d u rin g t h e p e r i o d o f tim e . T h ere was t h e Ford A d m i n is tr a t io n , t h e

C a r t e r A dm inistration and t h e n t h e Reagan A d m in istra tio n . T hat w i l l

c o n t i n u e . The t h i r d q u e s t i o n I t h i n k s a i d how a r e we a member o f t h e

w e s t e r n a l l i a n c e i f we a r e n o t a member o f ANZUS. T hat o u g h t t o an sw e r

i t s e l f . We p l a y o u t a r o l e w i t h i n t h e W e ste rn a l l i a n c e , b o t h i n b i ­

l a t e r a l m a t t e r s and i n t h e b r o a d e r m u l t i l a t e r a l f i e l d t h a t many

m u l t i l a t e r a l b o d i e s , u n c o n n e c te d w i t h t h e ANZUS t r e a t y i t s e l f , and

w i l l i n g l y , and avowedly s a y i n g we a r e p a r t o f t h e w e s t e r n a l l i a n c e ,

t h a t we a r e n o t a non a l i g n e d c o u n tr y o a n d i n our t e r m s , i n te rm s o f t h e

L i b e r a l P a r t y i t s e l f , we x ^ ill n o t s e e k t o imply as a p r e v i o u s Labor

Government d i d , t h a t th o u g h b e in g a l i g n e d w i t h t h r o u g h a T r e a t y w i t h t h e

U n ited S t a t e s , we c o u ld s t i l l a t t e n d a non a l i g n e d c o n f e r n c e .