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A further twenty Cooperative Research Centres (CRCs) selected

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The Federal Government has selected a further twenty Cooperative Research Centres (CRCs), following the second selection round of the Cooperative Research Centres Program. These follow the first fifteen announced in March 1990.

The Prime Minister, Mr Hawke, and the Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for Science, Mr Free said that this is the

second step towards the fulfilment of the Government's 1990 commitment to support up to 50 Centres, with annual funding reaching $100 million (in 1990/91 dollars) by 1994/95.

The Government is very pleased with the development of the Program.

The 35 Centres now established will play a major role in

Australia's future economic and social development, and will greatly improve our understanding of key environmental issues. ■

The Centres will also play an- important role in education and training in science and engineering, providing the skilled specialists we need to be internationally competitive into the next century.

A list of the 20 successful applications and details of each new Centre are attached.

The 20 Centres will develop and apply Australia's scientific and engineering skills to:

. strengthen Australia's industrial base by the development of advanced technologies to improve the efficiency of traditional manufacturing industries;

. build on our world-class capabilities in the

information sciences, including computing, photonics and signal processing;

. enhance the nation's strengths in medical technologies, particularly in medical devices;

. underpin our rural and resource-based industries by investigating ways of improving productivity and adding value to rural and mineral products; and

2 .

. address serious environmental issues such as the better

management of our river catchments and water resources, and the control of major pests.

The Centres announced today will together receive Commonwealth funding of $40.25 million a year when fully operational. Funding will be provided for seven years in

the first instance.

Once all twenty Centres are fully operational, they are expected to have available total resources of some $764 million over the seven year period from the participating organisations and the CRC Program funding.

The CRC Program will provide some $250 million of this to

the Centres (some 33% of the r e s o u r c e s ), with the remainder being provided by business enterprises ($125 million representing 16% of the total r e s o u r c e s ), universities ($179 million, 23%), Commonwealth departments and agencies

including CSIRO ($135 million, 18%), State departments and agencies ($57 million, 7%), and medical research institutes ($18 million, 2%).

The level of funding provided by industrial participants is commendable. The concentration of expertise within the Centres will ensure that they become important focal points for further industry investment as Centre programs are


In addition, the Government has noted and endorsed the advice of the Cooperative Research Centres Committee that, for some Centres, approval should be conditional on strengthening the financial and/or management profile of private sector participants.

Never t h e l e s s , the level of private sector participation already provided is a significant increase on that of the first round, particularly given the uncertainty regarding some tax related aspects of the program.

It is expected there will be even higher levels of private

sector participation in the third round, combined with continued high quality research proposals.

The Government's decision that it will be amending the Research and Development Tax Concession provisions of the Income Tax Assessment Act to ensure that clawback provisions do not apply to contributions by eligible companies to CRCs

provides an important incentive for private sector participation in the third r o u n d .

3 .

The approved Centres include some very strong research programs in areas which, while not directly oriented to the needs of industry, are nevertheless vital to Australia's interests. Those concerned with environmental issues are

the most obvious illustration of this point.

The Government is also pleased with the substantial investment by State Governments and their instrumentalities in CRCs.

State support for the CRC Program is important if it is to

achieve its objectives, and it is important for States to work with the Commonwealth to achieve a cohesive approach to developments in science and technology. /

Applications for the third round of the CRC Program will be called early in 1992.


Dr Andreas Dubs Office of the

Mr Phil Tardif

Office of the

Chief Scientist (06) 271 5953 (w)

(06) 251 3329 (h)

Minister Assisting (06) 277 7280 (w)

(06) 254 7383 (h)


Attachment Title of CRC Steady State Funding per

Year (years 3-7) [$'000]

A Australian Maritime Engineering CRC 2,000

B CRC for Materials Welding and Joining 2,000

C CRC for Polymer Blends 1,400

D R C Garvie CRC for Advanced Ceramics



E CRC for Optical Fibre and Photonic



F CRC for Sensor Signal and Information



G CRC for Distributed Systems Technology 2,000

H CRC for Molecular Engineering and .



I CRC for Cardiac Technology 2,000

J Cochlear Implant, Speech and Hearing CRC 2,000

K CRC for Biopharmaceutical Research 2,000

L CRC for Tropical Plant Pathology 1,500

M CRC for Industrial Plant Biopolymers 2,000

N CRC for Viticulture 2,000

0 CRC for Hardwood Fibre and Paper Science 2,000

P CRC for Legumes in Mediterranean ·



Q CRC for Australian Mineral Exploration



R CRC for Hydrometallurgy 1,700

S CRC for Catchment Hydrology 2,000

T CRC for Biological Control of Vertebrate



[Note: information in these Attachments has been provided by the applicants]

A ttachm ent A


Location: Launceston, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney


To maintain and extend the international competitiveness of Australia's maritime engineering industries by facilitating access to developments in relevant science and technology.

Expected outcomes

The Centre will provide a comprehensive applied research ancl specialist problem solving facility for Australian ship designers and builders and for the offshore engineering industry. International response to recent export success by Australia's burgeoning high speed craft industry has been to launch significant R&D programs in national facilities. Australian R&D is now required to

underpin the commercialisation successes of local industry in the immediate past. Expected outcomes are:

• further increase in exports from small ship industry;

• improved profitability/competitiveness of Australian ship operators; and

• enhanced capacity and efficiency of offshore oil and gas industry.

Research program

Three research programs cover design and construction of ships and offshore structures. The programs also cover substantial technical aspects of ship operation:

Calm Water Performance of Maritime Vehicles: To investigate and improve the hydrodynamic performance, both surface and sub-surface, of marine vehicles and devices. This includes investigation of innovative high speed craft forms, propellers and water jets, and development of underwater towed and

autonomous vehicles.

Ocean Influence on Ships and Maritime Structures: To investigate, and design for, the influence of the ocean environment on ships and offshore structures. This includes dynamic loading, seakeeping, motion sickness and survivability.

Structural Design and Fabrication of Ships and Maritime Structures: To investigate problems of lightweight maritime structures, durability of structures in maritime operational environment and new approaches to design and fabrication in maritime engineering.

New research facilities, not currently available in Australia, are to be constructed, including among others a cavitation tunnel, planar motion mechanism to measure manoeuvrability parameters of ship and underwater vehicle models and a wind/wave basin for simulation of ocean environment forces.

Cooperative arrangements

The academic core partners are Australian Maritime College (Launceston), Curtin University Centre for Marine Science and Technology (Perth), Monash University Offshore Engineering Program (Melbourne) and University of New South Wales Naval Architecture Section (Sydney).

Industry core partners are BHP Transport, Hercus Marine Designs, Maritime , Dynamics International, Phil Curran Designs, Ship Design & Management, Tasman Shipbuilding and Offshore Engineering and Thomson Sintra Pacific. Remaining core partners are DSTO Materials Division and DSTO Underwater Systems Division. Supporting partners include 13 industry, two government

agencies and two academic.

The Centre will have some of the features of a research association between private, academic and public sectors, providing research, problem solving and developmental backing to a range of companies whose commercialisation success in recent years is threatened by stiffening international technology-led


Educational program

In addition to conventional higher degrees, formal and non-formal courses and conferences, a strong feature of the Centre will be transfer of research and technology through staff secondments.


Emeritus Professor P T Fink C /- Australian Maritime College Launceston

Phone Fax:

(003) 260 700(w) (02) 958 6012(h) (003) 266 493(w) (02) 967 2067(h)

A ttachm ent B


Location: Wollongong, Adelaide

To enhance the competitiveness of Australia's value-added manufacturing industry through innovation, research and development, training and technology transfer in welding and joining disciplines.

Expected outcomes

Studies of industrialised nations have shown that 50% of GDP makes use of welding and joining processes. The contribution of the construction and manufacturing industries to Australian GDP has shown a significant decline in the past 20 years.

The Centre will be able to contribute substantially to the competitive position of local industry by focusing the resources of the main laboratories working in the field in Australia.

In collaboration with industry the Centre will develop improved processes and techniques for the control and automation of production while ensuring quality is sustained or enhanced.

Efficiencies in production and the use of materials will translate into a manufacturing industry more able to compete against imports and to export.

Research program

The program will be divided into seven areas.

Process control technology will involve development of equipment to enable more consistent welding and joining and increased production rates.

Quality engineering will be concerned with the development and consequences of discontinuities arising from welding and joining operations.

Joining of advanced materials will examine the problems associated with the implementation of more sophisticated materials to meet new technological challenges.

Computer integrated welding technology will look at the use of expert systems, data bases and allied technology in fabrication.

Environmental engineering will investigate control methods for hazards of welding and joining such as fume and ultra-violet radiation.

High energy beam processes are being used increasingly worldwide. The Centre will be involved with their implementation and development in the Australian context.

Non-fusion joining will work on solid phase processes such as diffusion bonding and adhesive joining.

Cooperative arrangements

The core participants in the Centre are ANSTO, BHP, CSIRO, The Universities of Adelaide and Wollongong, and the Welding Technology Institute of Australia(WTLA). BHP will involve its laboratories at the Coated Products and „ Slab and Plate Products Divisions and CSIRO its Adelaide laboratories of the Division of Manufacturing Technology.

The partners will thus be distributed between Sydney, Wollongong and Adelaide. The Director of the Centre will be based in Wollongong with a Deputy Director in Adelaide.

The partners bring together expertise in the areas of materials, processes, consumables, automation, testing and evaluation to focus on the research and development of welding and joining.

Educational program

The Centre will undertake post graduate education by research but is also looking to establish a postgraduate coursework qualification and will be providing shorter term activities such as seminars and workshops.

Communication and technology transfer

Whilst specific transfer of technology will occur through direct interaction of industry partners at all levels and the Centre, a major activity in this area will be undertaken through WTLA.

Use will be made of the Research Panel system of WTIA both to feed information and projects into the Centre and to disseminate results. WTIA has an established journal and system of Technical Notes and in addition provides a network of professional members throughout Australia involved in seminars and the

dissemination of practical as well as theoretical knowledge.


Mr I Squires Chief Development Officer - Welding BHP - SPPD, Port Kembla

Phone Fax

(042) 753405 (042) 757157

A ttachm ent C


Location: Melbourne


The Centre will develop new skills and technologies to allow the design of specific polymer blends and alloys to meet predetermined performance specifications.

Expected outcomes ,

The capability to design and manufacture polymer blends will open up new markets in Australia as well as reducing the reliance of industry on imports. The estimated direct financial benefit which could be achieved is in excess of $100 million annually. In the

longer term the potential to export the technology will be realised.

The integrated "cradle to grave" approach to the material design will improve efficiency and, through a better engineering solution to the waste problem, will help restore and maintain our environment.

Research program

The Centre will focus and integrate the skills and facilities of the participating organisations towards research in four program areas: .

1. Design and production of polymer blend components,

2. Processing and properties of blends and alloys,

3. Computer aided techniques in polymer blend technology, .

4. Recycling and environmental control.

The first two programs bring together disciplines from the science and engineering of polymers and together give the basic capability to design and manufacture polymer blends. The knowledge derived from this work will also provide the foundation for program four.

The computing program will provide essential support for the other research endeavours and will be developed into a powerful tool to allow design of polymer blends and alloys to predetermined performance specifications.

Each program revolves around a different skills base but they are strongly interdependent and together lead to the planned outcomes.

Cooperative arrangements

The Centre brings together an outstanding group of education, research and manufacturing organisations with a proven record of collaboration. It will be managed by a full-time Director and located at Monash University, Clayton.

The core partners are:

CSIRO Division of Chemicals and Polymers Division of Materials Science and Technology M onash Department of Materials Engineering University Centre for Advanced Materials Technology R.M.I.T. Polymer Technology Centre

Rheology and Materials Processing Centre I.C.I. Plastics Chemplex Australia Ltd.

Supporting organisations are:

Defence Science and Technology Organization (Materials Research Laboratories) The Plastics Industry Association Inc. ·'

Cray Research (Australia) Pty Ltd.

Educational programs

The Centre has a multi-faceted education program that supports the Australian polymer industry, develops Australian scientific capacity and strengthens linkages between industry and research bodies. It will offer:

• Seminars and short courses on topics relating to the leading edge research into polymer science, the technology of blends and alloys and related issues.

• A higher degree program by research. It will directly sponsor research scholars.

• Multi-campus higher degrees by coursework. It will develop a unique, multi-campus Masters program in engineering and science of polymers in which Melbourne University, Monash University and R.M.I.T. will participate.

• New undergraduate courses leading to a B.Eng. in Polymer Engineering at both R.M.I.T. and Monash University.

• New linkages with education bodies, industry and the scientific community such as:

- centre sponsored prizes and scholarships; - articulation with T.A.F.E. courses; - adjunct Professor appointments; - business skills transfer; and - publications.


Mr A.D. Robinson

Phone: Fax:

(03) 542-2596 (w) (03) 807-6475(h) (03) 562 9876 (w)

A ttachm ent D


Location: Melbourne

The Centre will provide the Australian focus for the development of technical and manufacturing skills to underpin and emerging Australian industry in advanced ceramic products.

This will be achieved via the conduct of research and development programs into Intelligent Manufacturing Processing of high performance engineering and electrical ceramics.

Expected outcomes

The advanced manufacturing technologies developed by the Centre will allow the Australian advanced ceramics industry to make the transition from current 'craft shop' batch production to integrated engineering and automated . production. This will lead to a cost effective, high volume, export-oriented industry, adding high value to Australian resources.

The knowledge and expertise gained in research, development and manufacture of advanced ceramic components will be directly relevant to other ceramic producers and will also provide opportunities for major end user industries to improve their international competitiveness.

Research program

The purpose of the research program is to develop Intelligent Manufacturing processes for the production of advanced ceramics. The key requirement is to obtain control over the forming and firing processes such that components require little or no final machining to achieve engineering tolerances.

The program comprises four interactive research streams.

One stream will involve research into ceramic powder formulations with a view to achieving the best control and most efficient results from downstream forming and firing processes. .

A second stream will concentrate on the techniques for producing unfired (or green) bodies. A multidisciplinary approach involving interaction between numerical modelling, experiment and characterisation will be applied to existing and novel forming processes.

The third research area involves the heating/firing processes. Innovative heating and numerical modelling methods will be used to dramatically reduce manufacturing time and increase process yield.

The fourth research stream will draw on and reinforce the first three areas linking up all processing elements from component specification to final inspection and testing into a flexible, rapid response manufacturing system.

Cooperative arrangements

The research partners in the Centre are Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd, the CSIRO Division of Materials Science and Technology, ICI Advanced Ceramics, Monash University and Swinburne Institute of Technology. The Centre will be headquartered in Clayton within close proximity to the facilities of a number of

the partners.


Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd has been set up to develop and commercialise a novel fuel cell device based on CSIRO technology. CSIRO provides the basic science of the raw materials, ICI Advanced Ceramics skills and experience in design and manufacture and market information, Monash University research training and materials engineering research support and Swinburne the research capacities in computer integrated manufacturing.

All partners are contributing key staff, facilities and know-how. Links between the partners are already well established through existing collaborations.

Educational program

Australia currently has no pool of labour with the necessary skills or experience in advanced ceramics. Educational programs will be established to train the people needed at PhD, science and engineering degree level and to facilitate training at technician and trades levels. The Centre will be recognised as a

teaching unit of Monash and Swinburne. Professional staff from the industry partners and CSIRO will be involved in the programs as guest lecturers, project supervisors, curriculum advisors and project initiators. Links with TAPE colleges will be formed. A new concept, the Business Skills Transfer Scheme, will be introduced.


Dr J Davis Technical Manager ICI Advanced Ceramics

Phone Fax

(03) 550 9100 (03) 550 9111

A ttachm ent E

Location: Sydney, Melbourne, Canberra


Photonics is the control, manipulation and storage of energy and information using photons - the elementary unit of light. It is a central technology for modem communications which has been enabled by the development of optical fibres.


The Centre will be Australia's principal resource for research, development and commercialisation of photonic technology, which will underpin a major Australian industry of the 21st century. The Centre will focus on the development of optical waveguide devices and photonic networks and systems for communications, information processing, sensing and industrial applications

through collaborative research between its university and industry partners.

Expected outcomes „

CRC funding, with major industry support and collaboration, will enable the development of photonic networks and systems using new photonic devices. Emphasis will be given to research which leads to "value added" networks and systems, and which will enhance the globalisation of Australia's

telecommunications and information processing industry, and seed the formation of new commercial opportunities.

Research program

The research activities of the Centre cover the full spectrum of photonics research from advanced waveguide technologies, through new materials for waveguides, device fabrication, system design tools, to photonic subsystems, networks and systems. The principal research areas are:

Fibre and Device Fabrication and Design: The ability to fabricate a diverse range of fibre will be crucial to satisfying device applications projects and to develop the building blocks for photonic networks and systems. Program areas include the development of new materials for optical fibres and the development of novel

fibre structures for in-fibre signal processing.

Devices for Communications: Projects include the development of an integrated optical fibre amplifier/compressor for short pulse generation and multi-core fibre devices for optical switching.

Systems and Networks: This program will develop a new generation of optical communications networks and systems having a number of specific focal areas in which optical amplifiers, either in fibre or semiconductor form, will generally be an integral component.

Computer-aided Design of Photonic Systems: Work will be directed at the development of general-purpose photonic CAD packages to provide a fast, accurate design basis for circuits, networks and systems.

Industrial Instrumentation: Devices and techniques developed for optical communications systems will be used to give new solutions to problems in areas such as industrial and scientific instrumentation and measurement systems, tracking and sensing applications.

New Photonic Technologies: The Centre will establish long-term strategic research projects that underpin new device development, including optical storage and all-optical processing.

Cooperative arrangements

The Centre links three major research groups at the University of Sydney, University of Melbourne and ANU. In addition, groups at CSERO Applied Physics and UNSW will play significant roles in the Centre. Existing collaborations will be strengthened and links will be enhanced by frequent transfer of personnel between research groups.

The Centre has attracted strong support from Australia's largest telecommunications service provider, AOTC. Further support has been received from industries which are in a position to take R&D beyond the development stage, including IBM, Siemens, NEC, BHP, ACCI, ECNSW and Fibemet. Full-time secondment of industry personnel to academic groups will aid transfer of

research outcomes into products and services.

An initiative is to establish Product Incubator Laboratories in which industry will work with the researchers to transform the Centre's research and development outcomes into products for marketing in Australia and abroad.

Educational program

It is proposed to initiate new coordinated programs and expand existing programs, taking advantage of inter-institutional and industrial collaboration, as well as the expanded range of research facilities. The main emphasis will be on expanded postgraduate research training involving both academic and industry

supervisors. The Centre will develop a range of outreach programs, including new interdisciplinary diplomas and degrees by coursework in Optical Fibre and Photonic Technology, and short courses for professional development.


Dr Mark Sceats Optical Fibre Technology Centre, University of Sydney

Phone Fax

(02) 692 4670(w) (02) 713 7516(h) (02) 692 4671

A ttachm ent F

Location: Adelaide



The Centre will processing methods for extracting information from signals received by sensors such as advanced radar and optical sensors.

Expected outcomes

The research and commercial activities of the Centre will lead to products that will generally take the form of computer software or hardware.

In addition, the Centre will provide education and training in this field to PhD students and a variety of courses for industry.

Over the next few years Austalia and its neighbours will invest many billions of dollars in systems involving sensors. Australian scientists and engineers in government agencies and industry have an acknowledged expertise and achievements in this field. There are excellent opportunities

for export and import replacement.

Research program

The Centre will pursue research in four areas:

1. Processing of radar signals will combine information from radar returns with prior knowledge and information from other sources to build up an improved representation of the scene under scrutiny.

2. Processing of visual information will have two main thrusts: the extraction of cues from moving images using method sinspired by insect vision, and the generation of three-dimensional models of objects from images.

3. Processing for multisensor fusion will combine information from different types of sensors or from sensors at different times and locations to provide enhanced classification, recognition or localisation.

4. Fundamental technologies will be concerned with the application of mathematical techniques to complex processing of signals and information from sensors and research inot artificial neural networks that seek to mimic the human brain.

Cooperative arrangements

The headquarters for the Centre will be located at the new Signal Processing Research Institute of MFP-Australia in Adelaide. The research participants of the Centre are the University of South Australia, the University of Adelaide, Flinders University of South Australia, the University of

Melbourne, the University of Queensland, the Defence Science and Technology Organisation, the Jindalee Project Office of Telecom Australia, and Digital Equipment Corporation Australia. Other partners in the Centre are Australian National University, AW A Defence Industries and

Australian Sonar Systems. The University of Western Australia and Queensland University of Technology are also affiliated with the Centre.

Educational program

Twenty two students will initially be enrolled in PhD research programs tied to the Centre; this number will grow to 45 in time.

Centre staff will join University personnel to provide intensive short courses for industry.


Professor Henry d'Assumpcao University of South Australia

Phone . (08) 302 3477 (w) (08) 332 2174 (h) Fax (08) 302 3124

A ttachm ent G


Location: Brisbane


The Centre will develop the technologies to build distributed information systems providing sophisticated information services to geographically dispersed users over powerful networks. Distributed information systems will unify the diverse computing resources that exist within and across organisations to make

information more accessible and to enable it to be used in new ways. The Centre will participate in the development of international standards for distributed systems, meeting the needs of the emerging global marketplace. Its technologies will be commercialised and exported.

Expected outcomes

The work of the Centre will enable Australian industry and government to incorporate advanced distributed systems into the workplace. These systems will dramatically improve the management of and access to information, thus increasing international competitiveness. The Centre expects to lead an export drive in distributed systems technologies and products, helping Australia to secure a share in the $100 billion global market predicted for the mid-1990s onwards. The Centre's major products will be:

• architectures and standards for building distributed systems; • practical prototypes for trialling in government and industry organisations; • software tools and techniques for building distributed databases and services; and

• professionals skilled in developing distributed systems for Australia and for export.

Research program

The Centre's research will be driven by the expressed needs of potential user organisations and industry organisations. It will develop practical prototypes of advanced distributed systems technologies for testing within user organisations participating in the Centre. The areas of research are:

• distributed architectures, which standardise the interactions between information systems across networks • distributed databases, which allow the information to be stored on many computers, but to appear to users as a single source of data • . software tools to enable distributed systems to be built quickly and for

existing software to be adapted efficiently to distributed use; • the control and management of distributed systems, including their performance and security aspects.

Projects will draw on expertise from all four areas, which are closely interdependent.

Cooperative arrangements

The Centre's participants bring together the research strength of four major universities (The University of Queensland, Griffith University, Bond University, the Queensland University of Technology), the demand for the technology of the large user organisations (Queensland Government, Telecom

and DSTO), and the R&D skills and knowledge of the global marketplace of the industry participants (Digital, Australian Centre for Unisys Software, Telecom, Jtec Pty Ltd).

The user participants will provide challenging environments for developing distributed systems prototypes. The user participants will also contribute R&D personnel and cash funding.

The industry participants will contribute equipment, personnel and intellectual property. They will aim to license the resulting technologies for incorporation into their worldwide product lines and information services.

The university participants already have complementary research and education programs in the distributed systems field. These will be integrated under the four research programs and extended to include the user and industry participants' R&D efforts in Australia and overseas. CiTR will use its commercial capability to

concentrate on the commercialisation of Centre's technologies.

Telecom Research Laboratories fund The University of Queensland's Centre for Expertise in Distributed Information Systems, which will be included under the Centre umbrella.

The headquarters of the Centre will be at The University of Queensland.

Educational program

The Centre will emphasise postgraduate training aimed at producing specialists to stimulate the growing Australian information service industry and to meet its requirements for expert staff. PhD and research masters students will have the opportunity to be supervised jointly by industry staff as well as the university academic departments.

The four universities will jointly offer a coursework masters degree to upgrade the expertise of practising professionals and to enhance existing undergraduate programs. To achieve this, the Centre will offer joint teaching and research appointments between the universities and the Centre itself.


Mr Rob Cook Centre for Information Technology Research The University of Queensland

Phone: (07)365-4321(w) (07)369-0518(h) Fax (07)365-4399(w)

A ttachm ent Η

Location: Sydney


A im '

To build an Australian molecular sensing, and diagnostics industry serving the healthcare, therapeutics, process control and environmental monitoring markets.

To prepare Australian Industry for the next generation of molecularly engineered sensing and diagnostic technologies. Through retraining and specialist educational courses to provide the foundation of a new career path for Australian science graduates and technologists in the sensing and diagnostic technologies.

Expected outcomes

Recent surveys have identified market applications for sensing and diagnostic technologies exceeding $15 billion per year. The CRC for Molecular Engineering and Technology provides access to these markets for an Australian industry, and leverage on larger markets for systems incorporating novel sensing devices and diagnostic procedures.

Australia is well placed for successful entry into these markets as the major requirements are a strong base in the molecular sciences, spanning chemistry, biochemistry, physics and engineering, coupled with experience in the medical device and diagnostics industries.

Research programs

The research programs within the Centre address making sensors of better sensitivity, reliability and selectivity than are currently available. The Centre will also produce a novel series of diagnostic procedures employing techniques based on magnetic resonance spectroscopy and will adapt these procedures to

applications in the industrial and healthcare markets.

There are five research programs within the Centre. These programs address the development of molecular sensing devices, clinical diagnostic procedures, and the component parts of these device and procedures i.e. molecular recognition, molecular switching and studies of cellular biochemistry.

Cooperative arrangements

The multidisciplinary nature of molecular sensing and diagnostic technologies dictates that a mix of skills be coordinated within the Centre.

Research participants are drawn from the School of Chemistry, and the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Sydney, from the Department of Clinical Biochemistry at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, the CSIRO Divisions of Biomolecular Engineering, Applied Physics and Food Processing, at North Ryde

and R&D staff from the commercial partners of the AMBRI consortium. This team has a strong record of collaboration with joint publications and patents.

The partners to the AMBRI consortium are AW A Ltd, Bioclone Australia Pty Ltd, CSIRO, Memtec Ltd and Pacific Dunlop Ltd through Nucleus Ltd. The scientific instrumentation company Bruker Australia Ltd will work with the University of Sydney and the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital to develop new Clinical diagnostic

procedures based on magnetic resonance techniques.

Educational program

The Centre will provide.specialist graduate, and postgraduate training in disciplines underlying sensing, and.diagnostic technology, initially tailored to address the needs of users and potential users in the diagnostic healthcare and regulatory industries. Management in these industries will be targeted to ensure that the capabilities of these new technologies are understood. Courses will also be aimed at the professional and technical level of the healthcare and diagnostic

industries and at users of the new technologies. High level cqurses will also be offered for medical laboratory scientists, regulatory authority officials and technologists developing new sensing technologies.

A specialist masters degree (by course work) will be offered by the Faculty of Science aimed at preparing scientists and technologists for the next generation of molecularly engineered technologies.


Dr Bruce Cornell CSIRO Division of Food Processing N orth Ryde

Phone (02) 887 8495 Fax (02)887 3107

A ttachm ent I


Location: Sydney

A im

The Centre aims to create the expanded knowledge base necessary for future generations of cardiac technology products. It will do this through integration and further development of world class groups in the biological and physical sciences and technologies.

Expected outcomes

A number of cardiovascular implantable products have been identified where breaking through knowledge barriers will lead to commercialisation. Initially enhancements of existing products, such as the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) will be pursued. New heart wrap procedures will need efficient

devices to stimulate a native skeletal muscle brought from the back to support failing hearts.

The ICD market was $US100M in 1991 and is growing 50% annually with a potential market of $US1B. The muscle stimulator has a similar market potential.

Long-term outcomes include implantable hybrid sensors acting as monitors of the heart's health.

A novel educational/training stream permeates the research programs. It involves training new generations of scientists and engineers at the interface of academia and industry with opportunities for international exchanges. A nursing stream recognises that cardiac technology must be humanised and that nurses have an important role at the device-manufacturer-patient -physician


Research programs

There are five program areas although the interaction envisaged will assure rich cross-fertilisation.

Two programs deal with the mechanical and electrical aspects of the heart's function. The first will develop measurement strategies leading to sensitive devices for quantitating the pump function of the heart. Additionally, it will address the question "how can we optimise heart muscle wrap procedures"?

The electrophysiological work is aimed at making better implantable cardiac defibrillators. This program will also develop heart attack detectors and better muscle stimulators for the heart wrap procedures.

In another program, molecular biology will examine why there is a high recurrence of coronary artery blockage after balloon dilatation. The biomaterials program asks how we can make better biomaterials, in terms of sensing, conductive and insulating properties, so that implanted devices survive the

hostile environment of the body without degradation or fragmentation or causing clotting.

Cooperative arrangements

The lead institutions of the Centre, Telectronics Pacing Systems (Industry), University of Technology Sydney (Academic), CSIRO - Divisions of Biomolecular Engineering (North Ryde) and Chemicals and Polymers (Clayton) in Research, and Royal North Shore Hospital (Administrative Centre - Teaching Hospitals)

are located within a 5km radius.

Programs will interact with other participating groups at Westmead Hospital, University of New South Wales (Centre for Biomedical Engineering), Sydney University, University of Queensland and St. Vincent's Hospital.

Devices arising from the Centre's work will be developed by Telectronics Pacing Systems whereas AMRAD will do the same in the therapeutics area and Bioclone in the diagnostics field. There is scope for "start up" companies such as Associative Measurement and Talon Technology, while AMBRI will provide generic technology in the sensor field.

Educational program

The Centre has academic representation at UTS, UNSW, SydU and UQld and academic appointments will be provided for other CRC key researchers assuring a uniformly high standard of supervision of Masters and Doctoral candidates.

Each of the five programs has identified opportunities for several challenging PhD topics. The interdisciplinary mix adds to their attraction. It is proposed to train 50-100 PhDs during the initial 7 years.

Interest in ’higher degrees will be stimulated through summer research programs for undergraduates and summer schools for school students. Seminars, workshops and colloquia will be organised.


Dr Stephen N. Hunyor Department of Cardiology Royal North Shore Hospital

Phone: Fax:

(02) 438 8681 (w) (02) 498 2767(h) (02) 906 7807

A ttachm ent J


Location: Melbourne, Sydney, Perth


To establish a unique centre bringing together internationally recognised Australian groups involved in hearing research to cooperate with leading Australian biomedical industries in developing a range of products for the hearing impaired. .

Expected outcomes ^

The work of the Centre should bring considerable export earnings to Australia through development of advanced bionic ears, a combionic aid combining a bionic ear in one ear with a hearing aid in the other, a Tickle Talker to help children by presenting speech as patterns of tactile stimulation, and development of a whole generation of speech processing or intelligent hearing aids.

It is estimated that there are at least 100 million people worldwide who have a significant hearing loss and do not receive adequate help from conventional hearing aids. The Centre could make Australia the world leader not only in bionic ears, but in speech processing hearing aids and sensory devices for the deaf. This expertise could be captured by Australian industry to create both export

earnings and high technology employment.

The Centre will provide specialised training and research opportunities for Australia's next generation of scientists in these areas of medical technology and in ensuring that research outcomes successfully reach the marketplace.

Research program

The Centre’s initial research program will focus on six projects.

Advanced Bionic Ears should enable many additional hearing impaired persons to achieve near-normal communication, provide bilateral Bionic Ears to people who particularly need help in noisy environments, and enable infants to have Bionic Ears allowing development of speech and language skills similar to their hearing peers. .

Combionic Aids would, through cognitive and brain research, enable us to understand mechanisms allowing direct electrical stimulation of the hearing nerve in one ear to be combined with special processing of speech sounds through-a hearing-aid in the other ear to provide maximum benefits to speech


Speech Processing Hearing Aids would be the means of adapting the speech signal to the particular needs of a damaged inner ear, so that it would be processed to provide optimal assistance for individual hearing disabilities. There would be some "intelligence" about the manner in which the electronics handled

the speech signal. The research would also focus on helping people to hear in the presence of noise, a particular problem for all deaf persons.

The Tickle Talker is a novel means of presenting speech as patterns of electrical stimulation to the nerves of the fingers, of special help to deaf children..

The Centre will also investigate the development of a Central Auditory Brain Hearing Prosthesis, which may be implanted into the brain itself. Research will focus on the delicate interface between electrodes and brain cells. This research could also have significant benefits for development of a brain prosthesis for the blind.

Research will also be undertaken to develop Computer-aided systems for helping deaf children to develop speech and language using these devices.

Cooperative arrangements

The core partners are the Australian Bionic Ear and Hearing Research Institute, the University of Melbourne's Department of Otolaryngology, the National Acoustic Laboratories (and their joint venture manufacturing company National Hearing Aid Systems), and Cochlear Pty Ltd, a biomedical subsidiary of Pacific Dunlop.

The Centre also incorporates eight supporting participants. The University of Western Australia provides expertise in cochlear physiology. The University of Sydney, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, and Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital provide support in electrophysiology, clinical medicine, audiology and surgery. Expertise in development of language and education of the hearing impaired is provided by the University of Melbourne's Department of Psychology, and Deafness Studies Unit of the Institute of Education, St Mary's School for Children with Impaired Hearing and John Pierce Centre, and the Advisory Council for Children with Impaired

Hearing (Victoria).

Education program

The Centre will provide a comprehensive educational program in hearing and communication science that will be of benefit to audiologists, speech pathologists, educators of the hearing impaired, electronic and communications engineers, and speech scientists.

Research candidates at Doctoral and Master degree level will study at university and industry facilities in Melbourne and Sydney, jointly supervised by university and industry Centre staff. In addition, a new Master of Communication Science course will be offered.


Robert Cowan Hum an Communication Research Centre University of Melbourne

Phone (03) 283 7500 Fax (03) 283 7518

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Location: Sydney, Melbourne



The Biopharmaceutical Research Centre will provide a co-ordinated research base to aid development of the Australian pharmaceutical industry.

The Centre will focus on integration of the range of biopharmaceutical research techniques necessary to develop internationally competitive products. It will also promote education in discovery, design and development research and its integration with industrial goals.

Expected outcomes

The Centre will significantly increase Australian participation in the international biopharmaceutical industry, which is estimated at $30 billion by the year 2000. This will be achieved by development of an integrated research infrastructure necessary to add value to Australia's strong basic biomedical

research effort and the consequent development of high value pharmaceuticals.

Research program

Each of the research programs will contain central components of the three main aspects of biopharmaceutical research - discovery, design and development. Emphasis will be placed on strategic research programs where the results will hot only be important for development of direct commercial products but also for basic advancement of the biopharmaceutical industry. The specific pharmaceutical products initially targetted fall into two major related but distinct

areas - biosynthetic therapeutic agents and "receptor-based" drug development.

Initial programs in the CRC aimed at developing biosynthetic drugs and the required technology for their production will include human follicle stimulating hormone for treatment of infertility and immunotoxins for the treatment of leukaemia,

Receptor-based programs in the Centre aim to develop generic technology applicable to the sophisticated screening and design of new drug entities. These research programs will focus on receptors within the G-protein coupled and steroid hormone receptor superfamilies as ideal candidates to both develop the

necessary generic technology and to provide early opportunities for development of important new drugs. In this area, projects within the CRC will include development of a new class of anti-hypertensive agent as well as new anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory agents. -

Cooperative arrangements

The Biopharmaceutical Research Centre is a joint venture between several leading biomedical research organisations in Sydney - the Garvan Institute of Medical Research, the University of New South Wales and St Vincent's Hospital, and the Biomolecular Research Institute in Melbourne - together with leading indigenous and transnational pharmaceutical companies, specifically

Commonwealth Serum Laboratories, Peptide Technology Ltd and Johnson & Johnson Research Pty Ltd.

The Garvan Institute is a world leader in the application of molecular approaches to medical research and has major programs focussed on understanding the molecular basis of diseases such as cancer, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and dementia.

Within the. .participating .departments of the University of NSW, there is world class expertise in the expression, scale-up and purification of new recombinant DNA derived products, sophisticated analysis of the physiology and pharmacology of bioactive molecules as well as "state-of-the-art" analysis of

complex biomolecules using mass spectrometry.

St Vincent's Hospital is one of Australia's largest teaching hospitals and leads the country in the clinical evaluation of new and important pharmaceuticals.

The Biomolecular Research Institute provides "state-of-the-art" technology for imaging biological molecules at atomic resolution.

Commonwealth Serum Laboratories is Australia's largest pharmaceutical company and will be significantly aided in its revitalisation and international expansion through new product development within the CRC.

Peptide Technology Ltd is a publicly listed biotechnology company focussed on the application of peptide and antibody technology to the development of new therapeutics.

Johnson & Johnson Research Pty Ltd is part of the world's largest health care group and has a specific mission to develop and commercialise products arising from Australian research. It is responsible for several long term strategic investments in Australian science.

Educational program

The Centre will place particular emphasis on expanded post-graduate training in the interdisciplinary nature of biopharmaceutical research and its close integration with industrial goals. A new formal Masters course in biopharmaceuticals will cover a breadth of areas from molecular biology to patenting, clinical research and commercialisation.


Professor John Shine Garvan Institute of Medical Research

P h o n e Fax

(02) 361 2050 (02) 332 4876

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Location: Brisbane



The Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Plant Pathology will develop a world class education and research facility leading to commercialisation of new improved resistant cultivars and plant disease control methodologies for Australia's northern agricultural areas.

Expected outcomes

In Australia and internationally, primary industries in tropical regions suffer severe losses due to plant diseases. There is also widespread concern about the continued use of pesticides. The Centre's research programs will work to increase the resistance of economically important plants to diseases through research that

provides a better understanding of the interaction of host and pathogen, from the population to the molecular level.

Direct collaboration with industry will apply research results with improved plant cultivars and disease control strategies. These cultivars and strategies will provide environmentally friendly methods for the pesticide-free control of plant diseases.

The Centre, through its educational links, will provide a focus for high calibre post-graduate training in plant pathology for Australia. .

Research programs

Research will focus on diseases affecting sugarcane, sunflowers, soybeans, bananas, and the important tropical stylo legumes used for beef production across northern Australia.

1. DNA fingerprinting of disease-causing organisms in order to develop DNA- based diagnostic methods for the genetic analysis of fungal, bacterial and nematode populations o f crop plants growing in northern Australia. This will lead to more effective disease management strategies that avoid

pesticide use.

2. Genetic engineering of disease resistance in economically important plants by using novel resistance genes that will provide protection against a suite of bacterial and fungal plant diseases.

3. DNA based breeding of disease-resistant plants will be facilitated after plant and fungal genomes are mapped to identify plant genes that confer resistance to diseases as well as the genes in disease-causing organisms that determine virulence.

4. Strategies for deployment of resistance genes will be developed for effective and sustainable management of plant diseases of significance to northern Australia.

Cooperative arrangements

The Centre will involve staff from the University of Queensland, CSIRO Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures, Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Bureau of Sugar Experiment Stations and the Queensland University of Technology. The Centre will provide the focus for generic training in plant sciences and plant research in northern Australia.

The majority of researchers-will be located on the University of Queensland ... campus.-Other researchers at CSIRO, QDPI and BSES are in close proximity to the University centre at St Lucia. A network also extends to the field aspects of plant pathology through QDPI, BSES and CSIRO research stations, located throughout


Two of the QDPI key researchers are located at Toowoomba in close proximity to the sunflower and soybean growing areas. A potential industry partner, Indtec, is already located at the University while interested seed companies are located in Toowoomba.

Educational program

The science of plant pathology is a vital importance to northern Australia's agricultural industries. The Centre will encourage talented and interested students to pursue careers in plant science. The Centre aims to coordinate and promote world class plant pathology education, encompassing the molecular

through to the population levels.

The Centre will provide new undergraduate and postgraduate courses in plant pathology. Its direct contact with industry groups should also improve the employment opportunities for graduate plant scientists. The Centre will also attract fee- paying students from south-east Asia.

Communication and commercialisation

The Centre will work to increase community awareness about plant pathology and its importance to northern Australia's rural industries. Close links with industry groups and potential end-users of research will be fostered and maintained. Where appropriate, the products of research will be commercialised

and marketed through industry partners.


Dr John A.G. Irwin Botany Department University of Queensland

Phone Fax

(07) 365 2727 (07) 365 1699

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Location: Melbourne, Sydney


The Centre will establish the science and technological base for the manufacture of natural polymers, such as gums, thickeners and stabilisers. These polymers are produced by plants and are used extensively in food manufacture for thickening, stabilising, producing emulsions, interacting with milk products and binding other processed food materials. Certain of these plant polymers are also

used in non-food applications, such as paints, ceramics and oil-drilling muds.

All industrial plant biopolymers are currently imported.

Expected outcomes

The Centre will

1. lead to the establishment of a new Australian manufacturing industry · which will:

- build on a major conceptual advance for the manufacture of plant biopolymers which has been demonstrated by the Centre's participants; - satisfy a strong market need for polymers which are natural, have

predictable and consistent functional properties and have an assured supply. These benefits are inherent to the industrial process under - development; - add value to Australian raw materials such as sugar and wheat

starch; and

- replace imports and export.

2. provide an integrated research base in plant biopolymers by combining the basic, strategic and applied research strengths of Australia in this field.

3. provide several multiplier benefits to the Australian economy including:

- strengthening Australia's scale-up expertise in biotechnology; - generating a competitive advantage for the downstream Australian - food processing industry by the provision of a first-use of the novel - biopolymers; and

- offering an integrated educational program aimed at developing commercialisation skills for biotechnologists.

Research programs

Research in the Centre will be divided into four programs:

Program 1 Strategic and Applied Research aimed at producing industrial gums, thickeners and stabilisers ("biopolymers") by higher plant cells in fermentation culture.

Program 2 Basic Research into the molecular structures and physico-chemistry of biopolymer components, their interactions and functional properties.

Program 3 Basic Research aimed at cloning genes for key proteins involved in the production of biopolymers. A strategic objective of this program is the development of techniques which will facilitate the genetic "tailoring" of -functional properties of plant biopolymers.

Program 4 Basic and Strategic Research to develop opportunities for producing agars and carrageenans from Australian red seaweeds. These biopolymers, which are extensively used in the food and other industries, are common components of Australia's unique algal flora.

Cooperative arrangements

The research participants of the Centre are the University of Melbourne, School of Botany and Department of Chemical Engineering, the C.S.I.R.O. Division of Food Research and Tridan-Bunge Australia Pty.Ltd Partnership.

Tridan-Bunge is the commercial partner in the Centre and is a joint venture between several companies including Sirius Biotechnology Ltd. and Bunge Australia Ltd. The fermentation work will be done at Sirius Biotechnology in Altona, Victoria. This company is producing citric add for the food industry by

fermentation using wheat products and sugar as feed stocks. The technology employed was developed in Australia by Sirius. It is generic in nature to most chemical fermentation processes and, as such, forms one of the cornerstones for the future biotechnology industry in Australia. This CRC will draw heavily on

the knowledge base at Sirius and will promote development of a range of new biopolymers based on fermentation.

Educational programs

A new course "Commerdalisation Skills for Biotechnologists" will address the pathway of commercialisation of new technologies and involve staff from Tridan-Bunge and the Graduate School of Management at the University of Melbourne.

The pilot plant fadlity at Sirius Biotechnology will be made available for new PhD training programs.

CSIRO staff will contribute to undergraduate, final year and Diploma programs.


Dr D. Hawley, University of Melbourne

P h o n e Fax

(03) 344 5043 (03) 3471071

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Location: Adelaide, Sydney, Wagga Wagga


The Centre will, maintain and. extend the technological edge of Australian grapegrowers for the production of high quality dried grapes, tablegrapes and wine for world markets.

Expected outcomes

The value of exports of dried grapes, tablegrapes and wine in 1990/91 was estimated to be $284 million, Australia's highest value horticultural export. The value of these exports, particularly wine, is expected to grow strongly in the next decade.

The program of the Centre has been designed to provide the scientific knowledge, technical applications and trained personnel to permit the industry to produce high quality dried grapes, tablegrapes and wine efficiently with minimal residues for the domestic and world markets.

A healthy grape growing sector is vital to many rural communities and to tourism in these areas.

Research program

There will be three research programs within the Centre:

Biotechnology and grape and wine improvement, which, through the powerful techniques of molecular biology and molecular genetics, will characterise and manipulate grapevines and wine yeasts and will provide rapid diagnostic procedures for grapevine pathogens.

Low input viticulture - a strategic vine management system, which will develop a climate sensitive, decision support system to enable vineyard managers to reduce inputs, especially agrochemicals, without reducing the quality of the grapes for tablegrapes, wine or dried grapes.

Fruit composition and product quality, a program which will enhance grape quality and production efficiency through the characterization and manipulation of metabolic processes that are responsible for the development of the constituents of fruit that determine quality.

Cooperative arrangements

The Centre will be operated as a section of the Australian Council for Viticulture, an incorporated body with industry and the Centre participants as members, and will have a strong corporate identity and management.

The Centre will draw on the proven educational skills of The University of Adelaide and Charles Sturt University to train the future staff for industry and to develop innovative training programs for industry personnel.

Research activities will be focused in Adelaide through the internationally recognised quality of the staff of the CSIRO Division of Horticulture, The Australian Wine Research Institute and The University of Adelaide.

The staff of the Departments of Agriculture, Charles Sturt University and The Australian Wine Research Institute possess a reservoir of information transfer skills.

Educational program

The information developed by the activities of the Centre will be fed directly into the undergraduate programs of The University of Adelaide and Charles Sturt University, which train a high proportion of staff for industry.

Research staff in the Centre will directly supervise higher degree candidates - The Australian Wine Research Institute, the CSIRO Division of Horticulture and the South Australian Department of Agriculture are now affiliated with The University of Adelaide.

The Centre will cooperate with existing technology transfer programs but will develop innovative programs to secure better adoption of new vineyard technology by growers.


Professor Terry H. Lee Director The Australian Wine Research Institute

Phone Fax

(08) 3791111 (w) (08) 339 5830(h) (08) 379 0666(w)

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Location: Melbourne


The Centre will underpin an internationally competitive pulp and paper industry. It will achieve this through identifying those properties which are critical to the performance of pulp and paper products and developing rapid methods to evaluate these properties both in wood resources and paper products.

These measurements will be used to help foresters improve wood resources for industry and to extend the understanding of the relationships between wood fibre and product properties.

Expected outcomes

Successful research outcomes will assist the industry to substantially redress the net trade imports of A$1300 million per annum. The ability of researchers in the Centre to raise the quality of the industry's products and to improve productivity will play a vital role in the long term competitive position.

People from the Centre will enter industry and government trained to the highest standards and with a commitment to quality.

The evaluation techniques and the mechanistic understanding of changes in properties occurring during fibre growth and utilization will find wide application, in tree growing, in primary processing and in the maximising the value of recycled paper.

Research program

Research in the Centre will identify those properties of hardwood fibres which are critical to the performance of pulp and paper products and develop fundamental understanding of the relevant relationships.

Mechanistic understandings capable of predicting the performance of new products will be sought. The Centre will develop rapid methods for evaluating the pulpwood fibre properties of the necessarily large numbers of samples which are collected from existing and developing silviculture and tree improvement programs.

The Centre will also investigate the response of the fibres to processes representative of the pulp and paper industry's practice to assess the implications for tree improvement and point to needed changes in processing. The results of the research will be incorporated into dynamic simulations of the industry's processes and used to develop sensors for process control.

Formation of the Centre brings together the skills in cambial physiology, silviculture and post-graduate education of the University of Melbourne, in fibre science and wood chemistry and physics of the CSIRO Division of Forest Products, and in pulp and paper engineering, paper technology and post-graduate

education of the Australian Pulp and Paper Institute - a joint venture between Monash University and the Pulp and Paper Manufacturers Federation of Australia (PPMFA).

In addition, the Centre will incorporate the Eucalypt Tree Improvement Program, a collaboration between CSIRO Division of Forest Products and the PPMFA.

Educational program

The Centre's education program will provide the first PhD program in Australia of a type well known in major pulp and paper exporting countries, aimed directly at producing high quality research personnel for the pulp and paper industry. The students will benefit by the close working relations they will have in the Centre with CSIRO as well as University staff. Advent of the Centre will enable students

in existing Masters courses to be involved by undertaking their minor thesis work in the Centre.


Dr Geoffrey Gartside, Manager, Fibres and Chemicals Programme, CSERO Division of Forest Products.

Phone (03) 542 2244

Fax (03) 543 6613

C ooperative arrangem ents

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Location: Perth

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The Centre will provide strategic and basic research and training for sustainable agriculture in mediterranean Australia.

It will do this through co-ordinated research, educational and extension programs focussed on legumes.

Expected outcomes

Agricultural production in mediterranean Australia contributes more than $5000 million to the Australian economy.

There will be several outcomes from the Centre that will advance the productivity of Australian mediterranean agriculture.

First the Centre's activities will enable the development of stable systems for agricultural production in a region of inherently fragile soils. Second, export income and farm profitability will be enhanced by the development of more productive pasture and grain legumes. Finally, more and better trained scientists and managers will be produced.

Research program

The Centre's initial research program will concentrate on sustainability of agricultural production in mediterranean Australia.

There will be four inter-related research streams within the Centre (Pastures, Crops, Soils, Modelling).

Within the Pasture stream the major thrust will be the development of persistent and productive pasture legumes adapted to a wide range of soils, climates and insect pests.

Within the Crops stream, research will be focussed on increasing the level and stability of yields of existing and new grain legumes on all the principal soil types of the mediterranean region.

Within the Soils stream the major activity will be directed towards increasing the benefits of legumes in increasing soil fertility by maximizing inputs and recovery of fixed nitrogen and by minimizing soil acidification.

The Modelling stream will integrate research findings into decision support systems and whole farm models. This integration is essential for the transfer of technology to the agricultural industry.

The Centre will be an unincorporated entity located at The University of Western Australia. Staff seconded from the Western Australian Department of Agriculture, The University of Western Australia, Murdoch University and CSIRO will work within the Centre.

Educational program -

The Centre will provide a much needed stimulus to post-graduate training by greatly increasing the pool of available supervisors, by widening the discipline base represented by the supervisors and by allowing the development and mounting of highly specific post-graduate courses.

Courses and workshops will also be presented by the Centre to enhance the opportunities for continuing education for advisors, consultants and research scientists.

Research findings will be rapidly extended to end-users through the release of improved genotypes and the use of decision support systems and whole farm models.


Professor Alan D Robson School of Agriculture University of Western Australia

C ooperative arrangem ents

Phone Fax

(09) 380 2563(w) (09) 380 1002

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Location: Sydney, Perth


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The Centre will develop, mineral exploration technologies, particularly airborne methods, for the discovery or orebodies concealed beneath Australia's unique weathered surface.

Expected outcomes

The Australian mineral industry is increasingly critical to the future growth and prosperity of this country. The Centre's research will provide the Australian mineral exploration industry with new tools for detecting orebodies concealed beneath our old, weathered land

surface. These developments will improve industry productivity by increasing the rate of discovery of deposits and by enabling the discovery of more world-class ore deposits.

Research programs

Research in the Centre will be carried out in three interrelated programs.

Electromagnetic Methods

Airborne electromagnetic methods have been selected for intense development because this technique is likely to provide a significant improvement in the ability to detect ore deposits through weathered cover.

This program will focus on the development of hardware, modelling, inversion and interpretation techniques for electromagnetic exploration data. Although there will be a strong emphasis on airborne methods, it will also study the development and interpretation of ground-based data.

Integrated Airborne Exploration

High quality regional data obtained by other airborne geophysical techniques are in common use by the exploration industry. However, experience has demonstrated the need for improved strategies for the integration, inversion and joint interpretation of this information.

The main focus will be on developing interpretation procedures for airborne magnetics, remote sensing and radiometric techniques, and strategies for the integration and joint interpretation of multiple data sets to produce three­ dimensional geological maps.

Orientation Districts Studies

This program provides the central focus for integrating and testing the research carried out in the other two programs. In several strategically important mineral exploration districts, the relationships between landform and weathered zone

(regolith) will be studied and the three-dimensional structure and composition of the regolith will be determined.

The interaction between geochemical exploration methods, ore deposit characteristics and regolith properties will be integrated with the results from airborne geophysical and remote sensing surveys of the same areas.

Cooperative arrangements

The Centre is an unincorporated joint venture involving Macquarie and Curtin Universities, the CSIRO Division of Exploration Geoscience, World Geoscience Corporation Ltd, the Geological Survey of Western Australia and the Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics. It has strong links with the mineral

exploration industry through its association with the Australian Minerals Industry Research Association Ltd.

The cooperative research programs will be carried out at laboratories in Sydney and Perth.

Educational program

Education will focus both on undergraduate and postgraduate activities. Postgraduate research training for PhD students will be organised and funded within the Centre's research programs.

The two universities will each offer a new Master of Science program in Modem Exploration Methods. The programs will utilise complementary strengths at both Curtin and Macquarie and will be open to Honours graduates from a wide variety of disciplines. The courses will primarily involve coursework with a minor research component and will be taught by staff from throughout the Centre.

Honours students will be jointly supervised by university and other members of the Centre. In order to encourage high quality students, there will be a support scheme for undergraduates studying courses relevant to the goals of the Centre.

Short courses and workshops for industry on developments within the Centre will be conducted on a regular basis.


Dr Andy Green CSIRO Division of Exploration Geoscience Phone: (02) 887 8881 (w) (02) 44 1351 (h) Fax: (02) 887 8921

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Location: Perth


The aim of the.Coaperative.Research-Centre for-Hydrometallurgy is to make the Australian Minerals Industry more competitive by improving the intensity of hydrometallurgical processing. Hydrometallurgy is intrinsically a low intensity process since the concentration of dissolved minerals in the processing streams is low. Greater intensity can be achieved through faster reactions, more complete reactions and more selective reactions.

Expected outcomes /

The research carried out within the Centre will materially increase the efficiency of many of Australia's most important mineral exporters: alumina, gold, mineral sands, nickel, copper, zinc, etc., thus helping these companies to compete effectively in international markets. Methods of processing ores that are currently uneconomic, and greater levels of downstream processing will be developed.

In addition to the expected outcomes from the research of the Centre, the training program will produce the next generation of research scientists and engineers for Australia's hydrometallurgical industries.

Research programs

The three research programs of the Centre span the most important processes encountered in hydrometallurgical processing.

1. Leaching reactions. Every hydrometallurgical process involves a leaching reaction in which those components of the ore which contain the desired material are dissolved. The aim of the leaching program is to develop techniques for increasing the intensity of the process by making the leaching reaction go

faster, or more completely, or more selectively. Selective dissolution is desirable since it reduces the consumption of leaching reagents and minimizes the need for subsequent separation steps.

2. Precipitation reactions. The valuable material in solution is recovered by some precipitation step. In general, precipitation reactions, like leaching reactions, should be as rapid as possible, as complete as possible and as selective as possible. An additional complication in a precipitation reaction is not only that the

precipitate should have the desired composition, but that the precipitate particles should also have the desired size and shape. The aim of the program is to achieve a better understanding of the mechanism of precipitation, and so control

it more closely in hydrometallurgical situations.

3. Adsorption. Adsorption, or the sticking of ions or molecules on a surface, is widely used in the minerals industry, either to modify the properties of an ore particle (e.g. to make the ore particles bind together and sink, as in flocculation) or to separate one species from another (e.g. the carbon-in-pulp process for gold).

The details of adsorption reactions are generally not well understood and will be investigated.

Cooperative arrangements

The participants in the Centre are the CSIRO Division of Mineral Products, the Division of Engineering and Science at Curtin University, the School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences at Murdoch University and the Western Australian Chemistry .Centre. Each of these groups bring relevant expertise and

equipment to the research programs of the Cooperative Research Centre.

Although each of the groups currently occupy separate laboratories, much of the Centre will eventually be collocated in a new building which is scheduled to be constructed in the next few years.

Educational program

The Centre will take advantage of the fact that an extensive range of extractive metallurgy courses, from undergraduate through to doctoral, are offered by both Curtin University and Murdoch University. In the Honours and research degrees, non-university staff from the Centre and industry will be involved in

the lecture courses and research student supervision. In addition, a Masters by Coursework in Extractive Metallurgy, with an emphasis on hydrometallurgy, will be mounted.


Professor I.M. Ritchie School of Mathematical & Physical Sciences Murdoch University

Phone · (09) 360 2552(w) (09) 386 5819(h) Fax: (09) 310 1711

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Location: Melbourne, Canberra



The Centre will undertake, strategic and applied research into the options for catchment and stream management, to ensure that the value and quality of the nation's water and land resources are preserved, and consistent with ecologically sustainable productivity.

Expected outcomes r

The Centre's programs will improve the capacity of land and water resource agencies to formulate solutions to currently intractable resource problems. This will contribute to sustained productivity of forest and agricultural lands; sustained availability and quality of water supplies; and better use of public monies.

Substantial benefits that will flow from the Centre's research will be reductions in the loss of agricultural production from land degradation, water treatment costs and flood damage costs. If only 1 per cent of agricultural production losses can be avoided, annual savings of $6 million will be made in the Murray-Darling Basin alone.

The Centre will also produce marketable products, principally computer software and new instruments for environmental measurement, that will be commercialised with industrial partners for sale internationally.

Research programs

Programs of strategic and applied research will provide land and water resource agencies with the tools they need to make the best management decisions.

Seven research programs will be established progressively. They are formulated to emphasise strategic, applied, and issue or user-driven research that result in new resource management technology. They are:

1. Soil-plant-water interactions in natural terrain; 2. Erosion, sedimentation and landscape stability; 3. Land management impacts on catchment water values; 4. Land management impacts on catchment site values; 5. Impacts of urbanisation; .

6. Drainage processes in agricultural landscapes; and 7. Flood estimation and real-time flood forecasting.

All programs include strong components of theoretical and experimental research.

This research will be done in all States, at sites where pressures on these resources already exist. The experimental programs will be backed up by the development of powerful computer models capable of predicting how water flows will change

if the landscape is disturbed by natural or man-made causes, like fire, global climate change, or landscape clearing.

Cooperative arrangements

This Centre will be established at Monash University, with a node in Canberra. It will be multi-disciplinary, bringing together groups with expertise from complementary areas: the Centre for Environmental Applied Hydrology at the .·, University of Melbourne, the Water Engineering Section from the Department of Civil Engineering at Monash, the Australian Centre for Catchment Hydrology from the CSIRO Division of Water Resources in Canberra, the Bureau of

Meteorology, the Murray-Darling Basin Commission, and the major State resource management agencies: the Rural Water Commission of Victoria, the Department of Conservation and Environment, and Melbourne Water.

Educational program

The Centre will provide programs of postgraduate, in-service and extension education. Staff from resource management agencies will be attached to the Centre, to develop and maintain the appropriate professional skills. The co­ location of scientists and university staff with resource managers will ensure that

research is targeted accurately, and transferred to become better incorporated into resource managers' technological inventory.

The program of postgraduate training and research will be expanded to provide places for more than 50 Masters and Ph. D. students.


Dr Emmett O'Loughlin CSIRO Division of Water Resources Canberra -Phone Fax

(06) 246 5792(w) (06) 251 4267(h) (06) 246 5800

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Location: Canberra, Wollongong and Perth


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The Centre will develop environmentally benign, humane, and species-specific agents for controlling vertebrate pest species. It will draw on, and contribute to, developments in the fields of reproductive physiology; immunology; virology; ecology and social behaviour. Through the combined expertise of the participating scientists, in these several disciplines the Centre will develop innovative undergraduate and postgraduate courses in reproductive and

developmental biology and in wildlife ecology. z

Expected outcomes

• Confer great benefit on the Australian pastoral industry by removing a significant cause of land degradation

• Help to conserve Australia's biodiversity by controlling the rabbit and the fox, which are principally responsible for rarity and extinction of native flora and fauna

• Through this generic concept, provide the basis for developing species- specific methods for controlling a range of other vertebrate pests, control of which is now heavily reliant on poison-baiting

• Train young scientists and those already in industry in modem concepts and techniques of molecular biology as they relate to wildlife ecology and population control.

Research program

The goal is to provoke an immune reaction in the host mammal to species- specific proteins essential to successful fertilization using a spedes-specific, contagious, recombinant virus as the vector. This will prevent pregnancy but not impair the normal endocrine function and reproductive behaviour of treated

individuals. The research will be conducted under three disdplines:

1. Reproduction Determine the endocrine control of reproduction in the target species and assess the effects of sterilization by surgery, immunization and recombinant viral immunogens on the reproductive hormones and behaviour; identify and characterise the proteins essential for fertilization and determine the

peptide sequences that confer species spedficity and an effective immune response.

2. Virology Identify potential vimses to act as vectors for the reproductive antigens, assess tissue tropisms, pathogenesis and immunomodulatory effects of strains of the potential vectors; analyse the genomic structure of the selected viruses for potential insertion sites and construct recombinants carrying the genetic information to express the reproductive antigens, and sequences to

enhance the immune response to those antigens.

3.Ecology Determine the influence of environmental factors and animal variation on the transmission of the virus vectors. Investigate key aspects of the population biology and social behaviour of the target species and interactions between them; assess the effects of surgical an d /o r immunological sterilization on population recruitment and for rabbits, on arthropod vectors of myxoma

virus; determine the functional predator-prey relationship between the fox, rabbit and native wildlife; develop mechanistic models to predict the spread and efficacy of the viral-vectored immunosterilizing agents.

All steps -in ihis-research-leading to the development of recombinant viruses capable of immunocontraception will be conducted strictly in accordance with national guidelines, at present under the control of the Genetic Manipulation Advisory Committee.

Cooperative arrangements

The Centre will have twin foci at the University of Wollongong and in Canberra at the Australian National University and the CSIRO Division of Wildlife and Ecology, with networking to Perth in the WA Department of Conservation and Land Management and the Agriculture Protection Board.

From the beginning more than 30 scientists, with established scientific reputations will work within the Centre. Graduate students and other scientists from the participating and other institutions will raise this number to more than 60 by the third year. .

Education program

The Centre will provide specific programs for undergraduate and graduate students in the disciplines of reproductive biology, virology and wildlife ecology in three ways:

• Intensive courses for advanced undergraduate students in the summer vacation, which will enable excellent undergraduate students from all over Australia to benefit from the expertise present in the Centre.

• MSc degrees by course work/sub-thesis, which will specifically train students in the expertise present in the Centre and provide advanced training for scientists already in government and industry.

• Train PhD graduates in the areas of expertise that will be formed as a result of the combination of scientists at the Centre.


Dr C.H. Tyndale-Biscoe, Chief Research Scientist Division of Wildlife and Ecology, CSIRO, Canberra

Phone Fax

06 242 1728 06 241 3343