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Fuel efficiency a sign of national maturity



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MINISTER FOR RESOURCES 27-

ALAN GRIFFITHS MP

1 September 1991 PIE91/226G

FUEL EFFICIENCY A SIGN OF NATIONAL MATURITY

The extent to which we care for our resources and our environment is a primary indicator of our maturity as a nation, according to the Minister for Resources, Alan Griffiths.

Mr Griffiths was speaking at the launch of the 1991-92 edition of the Fuel Consumption Guide for New Car Buyers during the Shell Mileage Marathon at Amaroo Park, on the outskirts of Sydney.

"There is a touch of irony in the event here today," Mr Griffiths said.

"Here we have dozens of vehicles designed specifically to squeeze the maximum possible distance from a given quantity of fuel, using a track that more commonly throbs to the beat of vehicles designed for maximum power and performance.

"I could not think of a more appropriate time and place to launch a booklet which for more than a decade has helped Australians buy the most fuel efficient car and drive and maintain them efficiently.

"I am very grateful to the Shell Company of Australia for giving me this opportunity," he said.

Mr Griffiths said that growing demand for the guide in recent years underscored the greater importance with which Australians were treating fuel efficiency.

"We are currently travelling about 120 billion kilometres each year in our cars, more than haliefiit for purely discretionary use," he said.

"In the probess, we are producing around 40 million tonnes of carbon dioxide each year from our cars.

"The extent to which we are prepared to do something about that level of emissions, whether through buying more fuel efficient cars, driving and maintaining them to a better standard or finding other, more environmentally friendly means of transport is a measure of the extent to which we care about the long term well-being of our country.

"And that, surely, is a primary indicator of our maturity as a nation," Mr Griffiths said.

Information: Denis Hally-Burton (06) 272 4788

COMMONWEALTH PARLIAMENTARY LIBRARY MICAH

Parliament House Canberra ACT 2600

Phone: (06) 2777480 Fax: (06) 2734154

M O TO RIN G IN AUSTRALIA - A FEW FACTS

about our car use

There are nearly 8 million cars and station wagons on the road in Australia

On average, each of these cars travels almost 16 000 kilometres each year

- a total of around 120 billion kilometres each year

Of this, some 55% is for purely private, discretionary use

- a little over 25% is taken up by com m uting to and from w ork

- less than a quarter is accounted for by business use

about our fuel use and emissions

We use an average of 11.8 litres of petrol for every 100 kilometres travelled

For every litre of fuel used, our cars produce almost 2.5 kilograms of carbon dioxide, the m ost im portant of the greenhouse gases

- nearly 5 tonnes per car each year

- a total of 35-40 million tonnes

about how we have performed

Between 1978 and 1990, the National Average Fuel Consum ption of new passenger cars (which is a sales weighted average of all cars sold on the A ustralian m arket in a given year) has im proved by 23%

- from 11.5 litres per 100 kilometres to 8.9 litres per 100 kilometres

- a graph of our NAFC perform ance is included in your information kit

The Federal Cham ber of Autom otive Industries has predicted that the NAFC will drop to 8.0 litres per 100 kilometres by 2005

- assum ing that patterns of car purchase and other factors beyond its control rem ain the same

2.

A ustralia's NAFC is am ong the higher of the OECD countries which use a com parable standard

- countries such as the United States, Sweden and Japan have NAFC equivalent m easures in the high 7s or low 8s

about meeting the greenhouse gas emissions target

The G overnm ent has adopted an interim planning target for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 20% below 1988 levels by the year 2005

The num ber of cars and station sedans estim ated to be on our roads in 2005 is 10.2 million, 3 m illion m ore than in 1988

To lim it total carbon dioxide emissions from cars in 2005 to their 1988 levels will m ean reducing the average on road fuel consum ption from 11.8 litres per 100 kilometres to about 8.3 litres per 100 kilometres

If w e w ere to rely solely on m otor vehicle technology im provem ents to achieve this, the NAFC of new cars w ould have to drop to 5.3 litres per 100 kilometres

- w hich is about the level of the best of the current new cars - Suzuki Swift and Daihatsu Charade

- to achieve a further 20% drop, of course, w ould require still further reductions in NAFC

about other options

There are options other than just new m otor vehicle technology

- the w ay we drive our cars : aggressive driving can use nearly 40% m ore fuel than sensible driving

- look after our cars; m aintain them better

- use our cars less. Find other forms of transport (and that imposes a special challenge on those w ho provide public transport to ensure that it is effective)

The key to reducing greenhouse gas emissions is using less fuel. Better cars, better use of our cars and a better mix of transport options all contribute

3.

β

y

... and ab o u t the Fuel C onsum ption G uide

. The G uide provides a list of the comparative fuel consum ptions of virtually every car on the Australian m arket

. It is based on figures derived under a standard test (Australian Standard 2877), to ensure that the results are directly comparable

. The results are really perfect results

on average, good drivers get fuel consum ption about 15% than G uide figures worse

- bu t the range is enorm ous, depending on how you drive, the conditions under which you drive and how you look after your car

- a study by the Society of Autom otive Engineers, Australasia, revealed individual drivers' performances ranging from 6% better than G uide figures to about 60% worse

The G uide also contains a great deal of other useful information

- effective maintenance

- how to achieve better results on the road

- how to buy the "right" car for your needs, and how to w ork out w hat the fuel bill for that car will be

It also provides a log book to help m otorists keep track of their fuel use

Basically, the m essage i s : m ake good driving a challenge

- do som ething for yourself, by saving on fuel bills

- do som ething for the community, by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and im proving the environm ent

- do som ething for Australia, by helping to conserve our valuable resources

National Average Fuel Consumption of New Cars (litres/100 kilometres)

12

10

8 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 00 02 04

Y e a r

Source DRIB & FCAI

TOP PERFORMERS

The top performers in the 1991-92 Fuel Consumption Guide are:

City H'way Engine

Cycle Cycle Displacement (/100 km l/100km {dirts)

Under 2 litre

1. Suzuki Swift 1.0 Man. sedan 3dr 6 4.6 1.0

1. Daihatsu Charade G-100R Man. sedan 3dr 6 4.6 1.0

2. Daihatsu Charade G-100R Man. sedan 4dr 6.2 4.6 1.0

3. Mitsubishi CB Lancer Man. sedan 4dr 6.6 5.4 1.5

3. Mitsubishi CB Lancer Man. hatchback 3dr 6.6 5.4 1.5

4. Suzuki Swift 1.0 Auto, sedan 3dr 6.6 5.6 1.0

5. Holden MF Barina Man. hatchback 4dr 6.8 5 1.3

5. Holden MF Barina GS Man. hatchback 2dr 6.8 5 1.3

2- 3 litre

1. Mitsubishi HH Galant SE Man. sedan & hatchback 4dr 8.5 6.4 2.0 2. Toyota Celica SX Man. liftback & coupe 2dr 9 6 2.2

3. Nissan Pintara Man. sedan 4dr 9 6.6 2.0

3. Nissan Pintara Man. hatchback 5dr 9 6.6 2.0

3. Ford UA Corsair GL EFI Man. sedan 4dr 9 6.6 2.0

3. Ford UA Corsair GL EFI Man. liftback 5dr 9 6.6 2.0

4. Toyota Carmy Man. sedan & wagon 4dr 9 6.8 2.0

5. Audi 80 Man. sedan 4dr 9.5 6 2.0

Over 3 litre

1. Holden VN Commodore Executive & Berlina Man. sedan 4dr 11.5 7.6 3.8

1. Holden VN Commodore Executive Man. wagon 4dr 11.5 7.6 3.8 1. Holden VN Commodore S Man. sedan 4dr 11.5 7.6 3.8

1. Ford EB Falcon GL EFI Man. sedan 4dr 11.5 7.6 3.9

1. Ford EB Falcon GL MPEFI Man. sedan 4dr 11.5 7.6 3.9

1. Ford EB Falcon S MPEFI Man. sedan 4dr 11.5 7.6 3.9

1. Ford EB Fairmont Ghia MPEFI Man. sedan 4dr 11.5 7.6 3.9

2. Ford EB Falcon GL EFI Man. wagon 4dr 11.5 7.8 3.9

3. Ford EB Falcon GL EFI Auto, sedan 4dr 12 7.6 3.9

3. Ford EB Falcon S MPEFI Man. wagon 4dr 12 7.6 3.9

4. Holden VN Commodore Berlina Man. wagon 4dr 12 8 3.8

4. Ford EB Falcon GL MPEFI Man. wagon 4dr 12 8 3.9

5. Ford EB Falcon GL EFI Auto, wagon 4dr 12.5 7.6 3.9

TEN THIRSTIEST CARS

According to the 1991-92 Fuel Consumption Guide, the ten thirstiest cars are:

City H'way Engine

Cycle Cycle D isplacem ent

l/100km l/100fyn (litres)

1. Bentley Turbo R Auto, saloon 4dr 21 14.5 6.75

1. Bentley Turbo R LWB Auto, saloon 4dr 21 14.5 6.75

2. Bentley Mulsanne S LWB Auto, saloon 4dr 20 14.5 6.75

2. Bentley Mulsanne S Auto, saloon 4dr 20 14.5 6.75

2. Bentley Eight Auto, saloon 4dr 20 14.5 6.75

2. Rolls-Royce Silver Spur II LWB Auto, saloon 4dr 20 14.5 6.75

2. Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit II Auto, saloon 4dr 20 14.5 6.75

3. BMW M5 Man. sedan 4dr 19 9 3.5

4. Mercedes-Benz 560SEC Auto, coupe 2dr 18 13 5.6

4. Mercedes-Benz 560SEL Auto, saloon 4dr 18 13 5.6

5. BMW 850I Man. sedan 2dr 18 9.5 5.0

6. Jaguar V12 Auto, saloon 4dr 17 11.5 5.3

7. Jaguar XJS Auto, convert. 2dr 17 11 5.3

8. BMW 750IL Auto, sedan 4dr 17 10.5 5.0

9. BMW 850I Auto, sedan 2dr 17 10 5.0

10. Mercedes-Benz 500SL Auto, roadster 2dr 16 11.5 5.0