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Security technologies: speakers' notes.



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NATIONAL SCIENCE BRIEFING

SECURITY TECHNOLOGIES

Thursday 25 June 1998

 

Speakers' notes

 

Dr Rob Gill, General Manager, Imaging 

CSIRO Telecommunications & Industrial Physics

Imaging Technology plays an increasingly important role from telecommunications through manufacturing to security applications. CSIRO has developed a range of technologies for image compression, image transmission, image browsing, face recognition and video tracking.

Security applications include automated security access, secure computer access, crowd monitoring, building access, passports, border control, ATM machines, smartcards and car access.

The technology captures images using high speed video capture, stores them using CSIRO's world-class wavelet image compression and analyses objects, patterns or faces in the images.

The automatic face recognition system is capable of matching a face to an image stored either on a portable credential, such as a smart card, or a database within half a second. The technology uses off the shelf PC technology with a standard video camera for image capture.

In face recognition there can be a one-to-many match where the captured live feature set is compared to a database, or a one-to-one match where the feature set is stored on a smartcard. Subjects may be cooperative or non-cooperative. The technology is world class with accuracy rates for recognition/verification exceeding 95%.

All image data and face recognition data are encrypted to protect privacy and prevent forgery.

CSIRO's compression technology is being used by Passports Australia.

Alex Gibson, Sales Consultant 

Harrison Systems Integration

The future of security is to make it less conspicuous, more friendly and multipurpose. Harrison System Integration is integrating facial verification and speech recognition designed by CSIRO into access control and location detection systems.

HSI is currently installing a security system in a Melbourne building. The system will handle the traffic of 200 people at multiple entrances. It will record who has entered the building, the time of entry, and will continue to track them whilst they are in the building. The system will integrate different technologies such as video and image compression, smart cards and proximity readers.

Simon Greig, Head of Card Services 

Westpac Banking Corporation

ATMs using biometrics rather than PINs are in operation in the United Kingdom and the United States. The Winter Olympics in Nagano used biometric cards for competitor identification.

Biometrics are unique, unlike PINs and passwords, giving a greater level of cardholder authentication. Recent advances in this technology mean that biometrics can be efficiently and cost-effectively applied to smartcards.

Physically similar to a credit card, debit or Medicare card, a smartcard stores data on a minute microprocessor chip contained within the layers of the card. This chip, like a PC chip, can communicate with terminals and other smart card devices. Smartcards can store a huge amount of information including computer applications which can be operated from the card. This provides the cardholder with far greater control over access to information stored on the card, enhancing privacy and security. Transactions can be quickly and securely processed locally rather than transmitted to distant computers.

Many products and services can be stored on one card such as cardholder identity, credit, debit and stored value payments, event/transport ticketing, emergency medical information, building and computer access. Latest advances in this technology allows information and applications to be securely added or removed from the smartcard providing greater flexibility.

Tomorrow's technology today, the combination of biometrics and smartcard technology makes smartcards the secure and safe option for us all.

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