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Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in Australia

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-5/U5 98 MON 16:01 FAX t 61 2 6239 7143

23/05 '98 MON 13:59 FAX 61 6 2S52S51 DIABETES AUSTRALIA

National Diabetes Strategy

P re ss R elease Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in Australia On June 3 1998 Minister for Health and Family Services, the Hon Dr Michael Wooldridge will launch Australia's National Dial-etes Strategy and Implementation Plan.

Diabetes is a significant and growing global health problem. It affects over 4% of the Australian population, at leat 10% or"older people, up to 30% of some Aboriginal communities, and has a high prevalence in people from the Pacific Islands, the Middle East, Southern Europe and some Asian countries. Diabetes causes a substantial burden of illness and premature mortality and is among the major causes of death. If) Australia it is:

• the second most common reason for commencing renal dialysis; • the most common form of blindness in people aged less than. 60 years; • the most common cause of blindness in people aged less than 60 years; • the most common form of non-traumatic amputation;

• one of the most chroric disease in children.

Diabetes is a serious health problem that places a large economic burden on individuals and society. Diabetes is associated with mortality rates that are 2 to 3 times higher than the rest of the population. Specific diabetes complications result in visual impairment, renal d is e a s e and foot problems.

Considerable economic and health benefits would result from improving the management of diabetes, resulting in fewer diabetes complications. Studies have shown that by maintaining good control a person with diabetes may expect

• 7.7 years of additioml sight • 5.8 additional years fox of end stage kidney disease • 5.6 additional years free of lower extremity amputation

• an additional 15.3 years of life free from significant micro-vascular or neurological complication. • an additional 5.1 years of life

The increased treatment costs of improving diabetes control can produce positive net cost benefits after 5-7 years.

The National Diabetes Strategy and Implementation Plan presents a population focussed, evidence- based rationale and short and long term plans for reducing the personal and public burden of diabetes in Australia to the year 1010. The goals cover the continuum of diabetes care and the structures that

underpin health care, ie research and the health system.

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