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State statistical bulletin, 2007-08



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Parliament of Australia Department of Parliamentary Services

Parliamentary Library Information, analysis and advice for the Parliament RESEARCH PAPER

www.aph.gov.au/library

25 February 2009, no. 22, 2008-09, ISSN 1834-9854

State statistical bulletin, 2007-08

Tony Kryger Statistics and Mapping Section

Executive summary

• This paper provides tables and charts that allow comparisons between individual states

and territories across a broad range of social and economic indicators.

• Each table contains data for the last five years, while each chart plots data for the latest

year that data are available.

Contents

Introduction.......................................................................................................................... 1

Historical data ...................................................................................................................... 2

Labour market 1.1 Employment ........................................................................................................ 3

1.2 Unemployment ..................................................................................................... 4

1.3 Labour force ......................................................................................................... 5

1.4 Long-term unemployment ..................................................................................... 6

1.5 Youth unemployment............................................................................................ 7

1.6 Job vacancies ........................................................................................................ 8

1.7 Industrial disputes ................................................................................................. 9

Wages and prices 2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings .............................................................. 10

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings ....................................................... 11

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings .................................................................... 12

2.4 Real male total average weekly earnings ............................................................. 13

2.5 Wage price index ................................................................................................ 14

2.6 Consumer price index ......................................................................................... 15

State accounts 3.1 Gross state product ............................................................................................. 16

3.2 Gross state product per capita ............................................................................. 17

3.3 Labour productivity ............................................................................................ 18

Business conditions 4.1 Turnover of retail establishments .........................................................................19

4.2 Motor vehicle sales ..............................................................................................20

4.3 Dwelling approvals..............................................................................................21

4.4 Business investment ............................................................................................22

4.5 Bankruptcies .......................................................................................................23

Housing 5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing ...................................................................24

5.2 Home loan size ....................................................................................................25

5.3 Home loan repayments ........................................................................................26

5.4 House sale prices .................................................................................................27

5.5 House rents..........................................................................................................28

Financial management 6.1 General government sector net debt .....................................................................29

6.2 General government sector fiscal balance ............................................................30

6.3 General government sector taxation revenue ........................................................31

Exports 7.1 Merchandise exports ............................................................................................32

Social 8.1 Population ...........................................................................................................33

8.2 Dependency ratio.................................................................................................34

8.3 Births ..................................................................................................................35

8.4 Apparent school retention rates ............................................................................36

8.5 General practice bulk billing ................................................................................37

8.6 Private health insurance .......................................................................................38

Glossary...............................................................................................................................39

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Introduction

The Australian economy performed well in 2007-08, maintaining a trend that has continued over a number of years. Despite the strong performance overall, however, there remains considerable divergence between the states and territories. The standout state was Western Australia. In 2007-08, Western Australia had one of the lowest rates of unemployment in the country, combined with an economic growth rate, average wage level and growth rate in business investment that were significantly above the national average. Despite these strong economic fundamentals, Western Australia in 2007-08 nonetheless experienced below average growth rates in retail turnover and dwelling approvals. The other strongly performing state was Queensland which, like Western Australia, has benefited considerably from exposure to the mining boom.

The weakest performing state in 2007-08 was New South Wales with an economic growth rate significantly lower than that of any other state. In addition, New South Wales experienced one of the lowest rates of employment growth and wages growth in the country, combined with the second highest growth rate in bankruptcies after Tasmania. Moreover, the net debt of the New South Wales general government sector was higher, relative to the size of its economy, than that of any other state.

Generally speaking, Western Australia, Queensland and the Northern Territory have tended to perform better than the rest of the country. This has been a fairly persistent trend over a number of years, tending to widen the gap in the performance of different parts of the country.

The disparity in performance across Australia has focused attention on the economic and social conditions in the individual states and territories. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to present a range of indicators for the states and territories in such a way that comparisons can be made. This has meant that some indicators that merely reflect the size of an economy (e.g. retail turnover) have been presented so that emphasis is on the annual growth rate of the indicator. Other indicators have been presented as a ratio—e.g. long-term unemployed to total unemployed or general government debt to gross state product—so that comparisons can be made.

This publication is the second in a series. It is hoped that it will be updated annually. It is a companion publication to Monthly Statistical Bulletin that contains only Australia-wide data.

As there are social and economic terms that may be unfamiliar to the reader, a glossary has been provided at the end of this publication.

Note: The financial crisis which began in 2008 is having major repercussions around the world. Global events will have an inevitable impact on Australia, with the likelihood that economic growth in Australia will fall. The extent of the slowdown will vary between states. Consequently, the values for several economic indicators in 2008-09 could deviate markedly from the trends shown in this paper.

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Historical data

Long-term data series for every table that appears in this paper are available electronically and can be found at http://libiis1/Library_Services/Quicklinks/state_mesi/index.htm.

The long-term series for the companion publication Monthly Statistical Bulletin can be found at http://libiis1/Library_Services/Quicklinks/msb_edata/index.htm.

Note: The above links can only be accessed by members, senators and parliamentary staff.

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4.2 Motor vehicle sales

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08

Number (a) New South Wales 196 950 194 388 189 326 199 142 200 661

Victoria 165 035 165 410 162 206 166 634 174 595

Queensland 112 928 120 450 120 679 126 114 123 514

South Australia 41 473 41 174 40 599 38 853 39 216

Western Australia 51 824 55 957 60 426 66 397 66 968

Tasmania 11 300 11 786 11 433 11 054 10 908

Northern Territory 4 414 4 522 4 408 4 697 4 626

Australian Capital Territory 10 490 10 340 10 283 11 233 11 325

Australia 594 414 604 027 599 360 624 124 631 813

Annual change - per cent New South Wales 2.5 -1.3 -2.6 5.2 0.8

Victoria 2.7 0.2 -1.9 2.7 4.8

Queensland 14.7 6.7 0.2 4.5 -2.1

South Australia 8.1 -0.7 -1.4 -4.3 0.9

Western Australia 9.6 8.0 8.0 9.9 0.9

Tasmania 25.3 4.3 -3.0 -3.3 -1.3

Northern Territory 13.2 2.4 -2.5 6.6 -1.5

Australian Capital Territory 0.7 -1.4 -0.6 9.2 0.8

Australia 6.1 1.6 -0.8 4.1 1.2

Source: Sales of New Motor Vehicles, ABS (9314.0.)

(a) Includes vehicles designed primarily for the carriage of people, such as cars, station wagons and people movers. Also includes four wheel drive passenger vehicles not classified as sports utility vehicles.

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6

NSW Vic Qld SA WA Tas NT ACT Aust

Annual change (%), 2007-08

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5.5 House rents

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08

Median rent for three bedroom houses let - $ per week Sydney 250 255 263 276 314

Melbourne 222 228 228 245 n.a.

Brisbane 233 235 253 275 311

Adelaide 198 214 233 245 264

Perth 182 196 240 278 329

Hobart 200 224 246 263 284

Darwin 251 274 295 339 473

Canberra 290 298 310 336 371

Weighted average eight capital cities 228 235 238 267 n.a.

Annual change - per cent Sydney 2.0 2.0 2.9 5.2 13.6

Melbourne n.a. 2.6 0.0 7.7 na

Brisbane 7.5 1.1 7.4 8.9 13.2

Adelaide 5.3 8.2 8.8 5.4 7.7

Perth 2.5 7.7 22.4 15.6 18.5

Hobart 10.3 11.9 10.1 6.6 8.1

Darwin 4.4 9.0 7.8 14.8 39.5

Canberra 8.9 2.6 4.2 8.3 10.6

Weighted average eight capital cities n.a. 3.1 1.4 12.0 na

n.a. - not available Source: Real Estate Institute of Australia, Market Facts.

0

100

200

300

400

500

Syd Mel Bri Ade Per Hob Dar Can Weighted

average

Dollars per week, 2007-08

Not

available

Not available

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6.1 General government sector net debt

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08

General government sector net debt (a) - $ million New South Wales -574 -2 061 -4 737 2 619 4 978

Victoria 1 399 1 480 1 195 2 037 2 271

Queensland -14 851 -19 446 -23 243 -26 686 -24 371

South Australia - 142 - 219 -707 -639 82

Western Australia -291 -997 -2 737 -2 716 -2 968

Tasmania 114 -28 -259 -407 -969

Northern Territory 1 279 1 196 1 145 1 075 1 082

Australian Capital Territory -1 869 -1 993 -2 228 -2 696 -2 945

Total (b) -14 936 -22 069 -31 570 -27 414 n.y.a.

General government sector net debt - percentage of gross state product New South Wales -0.2 -0.7 -1.5 0.8 1.4

Victoria 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.8

Queensland -10.1 -11.9 -12.8 -13.4 -11.4

South Australia -0.2 -0.4 -1.1 -0.9 0.1

Western Australia -0.3 -1.0 -2.3 -2.0 -1.9

Tasmania 0.7 -0.2 -1.4 -2.0 -4.5

Northern Territory 12.9 10.8 9.2 7.7 6.9

Australian Capital Territory -10.6 -10.7 -11.2 -12.4 -12.6

Total (c) -1.8 -2.5 -3.3 -2.6 n.y.a.

n.y.a. - not yet available.

(c) Total or aggregate net debt for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross domestic product. Source: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, Cat. No. 5512.0 and State Budget Papers.

(a) Selected liabilities minus selected assets of the general government sector. A positive sign therefore indicates that selected liabilities exceed selected assets; a negative sign indicates that selected assets exceed selected liabilities.

(b) The sum of all individual state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to assets and liabililites held between jurisdictions.

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5

10

NSW Vic Qld SA WA Tas NT ACT Total

Percentage of gross state product, 2007-08

Not yet available

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6.2 General government sector fiscal balance

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08

General government sector fiscal balance (a) - $ million New South Wales 6 -202 -484 -1 040 -1 410

Victoria 197 586 326 505 -1 890

Queensland 2 835 2 866 2 480 - 206 -3 577

South Australia 435 51 79 71 - 15

Western Australia 570 898 1 846 1 534 880

Tasmania 126 118 - 16 49 122

Northern Territory -27 -57 -62 74 -67

Australian Capital Territory -19 -163 -166 5 -23

Total (b) 4 125 4 102 4 007 999 n.y.a.

General government sector fiscal balance - percentage of gross state product New South Wales 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4

Victoria 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.7

Queensland 1.9 1.8 1.4 -0.1 -1.7

South Australia 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Western Australia 0.6 0.9 1.6 1.1 0.6

Tasmania 0.8 0.7 -0.1 0.2 0.6

Northern Territory -0.3 -0.5 -0.5 0.5 -0.4

Australian Capital Territory -0.1 -0.9 -0.8 0.0 -0.1

Total (c) 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.1 n.y.a.

n.y.a. - not yet available.

Source: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, Cat. No. 5512.0 and State Budget Papers.

(a) The financing requirement of government. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

(b) The sum of all state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to transfers between jurisdictions.

(c) Total or aggregate fiscal balance for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross domestic product.

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NSW Vic Qld SA WA Tas NT ACT Total

Percentage of gross state product, 2007-08

Not yet available

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6.3 General government sector taxation revenue

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08

General government sector taxation revenue - $ million New South Wales 15 010 15 330 15 917 17 713 18 466

Victoria 10 132 10 415 10 885 11 702 12 997

Queensland 6 676 6 952 7 396 8 484 9 552

South Australia 2 806 2 940 2 979 3 250 3 566

Western Australia 4 122 4 314 5 195 5 718 6 519

Tasmania 631 686 709 748 752

Northern Territory 264 301 377 368 398

Australian Capital Territory 753 712 782 929 924

Total 40 394 41 649 44 240 48 911 53 174

General government sector taxation revenue per capita - $ New South Wales 2 238 2 269 2 335 2 572 2 650

Victoria 2 034 2 063 2 123 2 248 2 453

Queensland 1 711 1 740 1 808 2 029 2 232

South Australia 1 822 1 894 1 900 2 052 2 226

Western Australia 2 079 2 139 2 523 2 715 3 014

Tasmania 1 307 1 411 1 447 1 516 1 509

Northern Territory 1 307 1 459 1 790 1 712 1 808

Australian Capital Territory 2 299 2 157 2 340 2 734 2 684

Total 2 007 2 042 2 137 2 327 2 488

Source: ABS, Taxation Revenues, Cat. No. 5506.0 and State Budget Papers.

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

NSW Vic Qld SA WA Tas NT ACT Total

Dollars per capita, 2007-08

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7.1 Merchandise exports

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08

Merchandise exports (a) - $ million New South Wales 19 090 23 003 26 842 28 062 30 063

Victoria 18 011 18 512 18 928 20 051 20 536

Queensland 20 128 26 368 35 385 35 438 35 320

South Australia 7 609 7 641 9 025 9 017 10 339

Western Australia 32 302 38 847 47 939 60 510 68 795

Tasmania 2 316 2 640 2 893 3 715 3 641

Northern Territory 1 882 2 222 2 645 4 014 4 545

Australian Capital Territory 0 0 8 7 4

Australia (b) 109 049 126 824 152 491 168 100 180 788

Merchandise exports - percentage of gross state product New South Wales 6.7 7.6 8.5 8.4 8.4

Victoria 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.1 7.7

Queensland 13.7 16.2 19.4 17.9 16.5

South Australia 12.9 12.5 14.0 13.2 14.1

Western Australia 35.5 38.6 40.6 43.5 43.9

Tasmania 14.4 15.3 15.8 18.4 17.1

Northern Territory 19.1 20.1 21.3 28.6 29.1

Australian Capital Territory 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Australia (b) 13.0 14.1 15.8 16.1 16.0

Source: ABS, International Trade in Goods and Services, Cat. No. 5368.0

(a) State in which the final stage of manufacture or production occurs.

(b) Includes re-exports and state figures not available for publication. Australian total, therefore, may not equal sum of states and territories.

0

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Percentage of gross state product, 2007-08

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Glossary apparent school retention rate. The number of full-time school students in a designated level/year of education expressed as a percentage of their respective cohort group (which is either at the commencement of their secondary schooling or Year 10).

average weekly earnings. Average gross (before tax) earnings of employees.

average weekly ordinary time earnings. Weekly earnings attributed to award, standard or agreed hours of work.

bankruptcies. Bankruptcies and Administration Orders under Parts IV and XI of the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

business investment. Private gross fixed capital formation for machinery and equipment; non-dwelling construction; livestock; and intangible fixed assets.

consumer price index. A measure of change in the price of a basket of goods and services from a base period. Changes in the consumer price index are the most commonly used measures of inflation.

dependency ratio. Ratio of the economically inactive to economically active population. Shows the number of children aged 0-14 years and persons aged 65 years and over, per 100 persons aged 15-64 years.

employed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, worked for one hour or more for pay or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a family farm.

general government sector. Government departments and other entities that provide largely non-market public services and are funded mainly through taxes and other compulsory levies.

general government sector net debt. Selected liabilities (deposits held plus proceeds from advances plus borrowing) minus selected assets (cash and deposits plus investments plus advances outstanding) of the general government sector.

general government sector fiscal balance. The financing requirement of the general government sector. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

general practice bulk billing rate. The percentage of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

gross domestic product. The total market value of goods and services produced within Australia, after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting for depreciation.

gross state product. Equivalent to gross domestic product except that it refers to production within a state or territory rather than to the nation as a whole.

gross state product—chain volume measures. Also known as real gross state product, this is a measure used to indicate change in the actual quantity of goods and services produced within a state or territory.

gross state product per capita. The ratio of the chain volume measure of gross state product to an estimate of the resident Australian population.

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job vacancy. A job available for immediate filling and for which recruitment action has been taken.

job vacancy rate. The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

labour force. The employed plus the unemployed.

labour force participation rate. The number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

labour productivity. Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked in all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors).

long-term unemployed. Persons unemployed for a period of 52 weeks or more.

male total average weekly earnings. Weekly ordinary time earnings plus weekly overtime earnings of all male employees. This measure of earnings is used in the process of benchmarking pensions.

private health insurance hospital coverage rate. The percentage of the total population that has private health insurance hospital coverage.

real average weekly earnings. Average weekly earnings adjusted for inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

total fertility rate. The average number of children that females will bear during their lifetime.

turnover. Includes retail sales; wholesale sales; takings from repairs, meals and hiring of goods; commissions from agency activity; and net takings from gaming machines. Turnover includes the Goods and Services Tax.

unemployed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, were not employed but had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks and were available to start work.

unemployment rate. The number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

wage price index. A measure of change in the price of labour (i.e. wages, salaries and overtime) unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.

youth unemployment. Number of 15-19 year olds looking for full-time work.

youth unemployment rate. Number of 15-19 year olds looking for full-time work expressed as a percentage of the full-time labour force in the same age group.

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