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Labor's plan for Defence.



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Labor’s Plan for Defence

Labor’s Plan for Defence

Senator John Faulkner Minister for Defence

Greg Combet AM MP Minister for Defence Materiel and Science

Alan Griffin MP Minister for Veterans' Affairs and Defence Personnel

Dr Mike Kelly AM MP Parliamentary Secretary for Defence Support

ELECTION 2010

Table of Contents

Labor’s Plan for Defence

Overview 1

What the Federal Labor Government has achieved so far 3

Future Challenges 10

What a Gillard Labor Government would do next 11

The Coalition’s Record 28

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Overview

There is no greater responsibility for government than the defence of Australia and Australia’s interests.

With responsibility for an area of over 27 million square kilometres, but with less than one per cent of the world’s population, the Australian Defence Force (ADF) has to be both agile and smart to carry out the tasks the community expects of it:

 Defending our people, our territory, and our interests.

 Contributing to multinational forces in defence of security and stability in our neighbourhood and further afield.

 Providing assistance during natural disasters and humanitarian emergencies at home and abroad.

These are long-standing responsibilities for Defence, but the world in which they are carried out is changing ever more rapidly. And in a changing world, Australia’s defence force cannot stand still, or it will risk being left behind.

Federal Labor has ended the decade-long gap in strategic analysis and defence reform to create a smarter, stronger, and more adaptable organisation that can defend Australia, our people, and our interests, in today’s rapidly evolving world.

At the very deepest level, the strategic refocusing provided in the 2009 Defence White Paper is the most comprehensive examination of national defence and the needs of our defence forces in a decade. Through the White Paper, Federal Labor confirmed the centrality of the alliance relationship with the United States and reaffirmed its deep commitment to engagement with our regional partners in Asia and the Pacific.

The capabilities outlined in the White Paper will, over the next 20 years, build Force 2030 - creating one of the most capable defence forces in our region, with the people, equipment and support systems needed for the task.

To meet the ADF’s responsibilities of defending Australia, supporting security in our neighbourhood, and upholding a stable rules-based international order, our soldiers, sailors and aircrew must be well-trained, well-equipped and well-supported. Every dollar of defence spending must count.

Delivering on Federal Labor’s election promise of a guaranteed average three per cent real growth to Defence’s funding base to 2017-18 and 2.2 per cent real growth from 2018 to 2030, Federal Labor has also begun a process of steady strategic reform at every level of Defence to create a more efficient and effective defence force.

Introduced after a major Defence Budget Audit, the Strategic Reform Program will generate $20 billion of savings across the decade. These savings will be reinvested in Defence to deliver a stronger, more agile and harder-hitting defence force.

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Federal Labor has moved ahead in overhauling Defence procurement, after a decade of mismanagement under the former Coalition Government. A major independent review of procurement processes was conducted for the Government by David Mortimer, and action on its recommendations is now moving ahead.

In another important initiative, Federal Labor has introduced a process to identify Defence Projects in need of intensive attention and management, the Projects of Concern process. As a result, $6 billion worth of mismanaged former Coalition Government projects have been brought back into line.

Federal Labor has maintained Australia’s commitment to the UN-mandated International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) operation in Afghanistan, in recognition of the fundamental importance to Australia’s security interests that terrorists be denied a safe haven in that country.

Federal Labor has also fulfilled our 2007 election pledge to bring Australian combat troops home from Iraq.

The Federal Labor Government has maintained our operational commitments in East Timor and the Solomon Islands, and kept up our contribution to peacekeeping efforts around the world.

Closer to home, the ADF continues to play a vital role in border security through Operation RESOLUTE, providing personnel and assets to Border Protection Command to manage our borders and protect our northern sea approaches.

The ADF also provides humanitarian assistance and disaster relief across Australia, and throughout our region.

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What the Federal Labor Government has achieved so far

Defence White Paper

 In May 2009, Federal Labor released the most comprehensive Defence White Paper ever produced by an Australian Government.

 The White Paper outlined Federal Labor’s plan to strengthen Australia’s defence so we are able to deal with an ever changing security environment.

 To implement the Defence White Paper we delivered the first Defence Capability Plan since 2006, which set out over $60 billion of projects that will form the building blocks of Force 2030.

 The Government will ensure that Australia has the defence force it needs to meet the challenges of the future - and that our defence interests are properly planned and budgeted for.

Force 2030 and Major Acquisitions

 Federal Labor’s White Paper set out a forward-looking and comprehensive plan for modernising the ADF through a major acquisition program to upgrade our military capability.

 Major acquisitions outlined in the White Paper include:

o Four operational squadrons of Joint Strike Fighter aircraft - around 100 of the most advanced, multirole fifth generation combat aircraft in the world.

o 12 future submarines, with greater range, endurance and capabilities than the current Collins class, to provide a more potent and capable submarine fleet.

o A fleet of eight new future frigates, optimised for anti-submarine warfare, replacing the Anzac class frigates.

o New naval combat helicopters, enhancing our anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare capability, to replace the Seahawks and the failed Seasprite project.

o A fleet of new deployable protected vehicles for ground forces, providing maximum firepower, protection and manoeuvrability.

o An improved maritime surveillance capability comprising eight new manned maritime patrol aircraft, and up to seven high altitude, long endurance unmanned aerial vehicles.

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Strengthening the US Alliance and International Engagement

 Federal Labor has reaffirmed that our alliance with the United States remains Australia’s single most important security relationship. Australia has intensified our cooperation with the United States and we are working closely together on regional and global security issues.

 Federal Labor has continued to progress and build a network of security relationships within Asia and the Pacific. We share a range of common security challenges which we must confront together.

Iraq

 In July 2009, Australian combat forces were withdrawn from Iraq. The completion of Operation CATALYST was agreed with the Government of Iraq and reflected Iraq’s improved levels of security and stability and the steady normalisation of our bilateral relationship. From 2003, approximately 20,000 ADF personnel served in Iraq as part of Operation CATALYST with professionalism and dedication.

Afghanistan

 Federal Labor remains committed to achieving our mission in Afghanistan - to fight insurgency and deny sanctuary to international terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda.

 On 29 April 2009, the Federal Labor Government announced a troop increase from around 1,088 to 1,550 troops, with a focus on training the 4th Brigade of the Afghan National Army in Uruzgan province. That increase included more mentors and trainers for the Afghan National Army, aimed at growing the number and capability of Afghan National Security Forces in Uruzgan Province.

 Federal Labor has brought greater transparency to our role in the conflict in Afghanistan, to ensure that the community is aware of our objectives, our role and our operations. The Minister for Defence has made four Ministerial Statements on Afghanistan, to keep the Parliament and the Australian people informed about our mission.

 Federal Labor has increased our civilian commitment to Afghanistan to assist the military in the reconstruction effort.

Force Protection Review

 No issue is more important in Defence than the protection of our troops on the battlefield. In July 2009, the Minister for Defence asked the Chief of the Defence Force (CDF) to undertake a comprehensive review of force protection for our troops in Afghanistan.

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 As a result of the Force Protection Review, Federal Labor allocated $1.1 billion for enhanced force protection capabilities in Afghanistan. Some measures have been implemented already, including new body armour, improved counter measures against improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and improved IED detection equipment.

 In a major acquisition, the Federal Labor Government has approved and funded the acquisition of a Counter-Rocket, Artillery and Mortar or ‘C-RAM’ system. It will provide a ‘sense and warn’ capability to detect incoming rockets and warn our troops of these threats.

Defence Budget Audit

 The Defence Budget Audit - a comprehensive examination of expenditure in Defence - was completed during the White Paper process in May 2009. Federal Labor publicly released the Audit in November 2009.

Defence Funding Model

 Federal Labor has delivered a new secure funding model for Defence, including a commitment to an average annual three per cent real growth through to 2017-18. This funding model provides certainty for Defence and allows for long-term planning of major investment programs.

Strategic Reform Program

 Federal Labor’s Strategic Reform Program (SRP) will help modernise the way Defence works. The program will deliver $20 billion of savings across the decade for reinvestment in defence capabilities and will provide greater transparency and accountability for defence spending.

Defence Capability Plan

 The Defence Capability Plan (DCP) sets out Federal Labor’s detailed planning for delivering Force 2030 through major projects and equipment acquisitions. It gives industry the guidance necessary for planning future investment and maximising involvement by Australia-based companies.

 The DCP was released in July 2009, with a commitment to six monthly online updates to provide greater transparency. In June 2010, Federal Labor announced further improvements to the DCP to enhance its usefulness for industry.

 The DCP sets out over $60 billion of capability projects for the ADF. In this term, Federal Labor has approved around $8 billion of investment in major ADF capabilities, including new military vehicles, enhanced weapons, additional helicopters and the first tranche of Joint Strike Fighter aircraft.

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New Submarine Capability

 The Defence White Paper proposed a new generation of submarines, which will be a major enhancement of Australia’s submarine capability. Federal Labor has established a project team, commissioned studies of design and industry capability, and started the complex task of planning for new submarines to replace the Collins class.

Defence industry policy and procurement

 Federal Labor published a Defence Industry Policy Statement to ensure that the Australian Defence Force receives the equipment and support it needs, that the taxpayer gets value for money, and that local firms get opportunities to compete domestically and internationally.

 Federal Labor has committed to investing $445 million over the next decade in programs for industry to improve its competitiveness, its capacity for innovation, its ability to enter export markets, its opportunities to win work locally and the skills of its workforce.

 Federal Labor initiated and has acted on a major independent review of Defence procurement processes - the Mortimer Review - which will significantly improve the way Defence develops, acquires and sustains military capability.

 Federal Labor established the Projects of Concern process to focus attention on projects that are behind schedule, over budget or failing to deliver the promised capability. The Government has remediated projects worth around $6 billion, and they are no longer on the list.

 Federal Labor implemented the Australian Industry Capability program to drive and enhance the long-standing partnership between Defence and industry.

 Federal Labor published the Priority Industry Capabilities or ‘PICs’ for Australian defence industry, for the first time, in July 2009. The PICs identify those capabilities which should be available within Australia for strategic reasons, and their publication will assist defence industry planning.

 Federal Labor launched the Defence and Industry ePortal and publicly searchable Industry Capability Information System website (www.dplusi.defence.gov.au).

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Naval shipbuilding

 Under Labor there has been significant progress in the acquisition of the three Air Warfare Destroyers. The new ASC Shipyard where the AWDs will be assembled was opened in January 2010. Production has commenced at three shipyards fabricating hull blocks - ASC in Adelaide, BAE Systems in Melbourne and Forgacs in Newcastle.

 Federal Labor has also reformed the Navy’s Major Fleet Unit Repair and Maintenance program, which will establish long term performance based contracts for repair and maintenance activities for the Navy's major surface vessels - the Anzac and Adelaide class frigates, the Amphibious Landing Ships and the Heavy Landing Ship.

 The once troubled Adelaide class frigate upgrade program has been turned around. Labor has overseen the contractual acceptance of all four Adelaide class frigates and the decision to approve Initial Operational Release of this capability. Planning has now begun for the operational use of the upgraded vessels.

Cyber Security

 Security threats today extend well beyond the battlefield, and in recognition of the growing threat of cyber-attack, Federal Labor established a new Cyber Security Operations Centre. The Centre deals with cyber threats against Australian interests, and coordinates operational responses to cyber events of national importance.

Defence Base Security

 Federal Labor directed Defence to review protective security arrangements at Defence bases, and is acting on the outcomes of that review. Legislation has been introduced to strengthen the capacity of Defence to deter, detect and respond to any attack on a base.

Mental Health

 Joint Health Command is now implementing the Mental Health Reform program resulting from the Dunt Review into Mental Health in the ADF. Funding of $83 million has been allocated over the next four years to commence a major program of reform that will address the gaps identified.

Asia Pacific Civil-Military Centre of Excellence

 Federal Labor established the Asia Pacific Civil-Military Centre of Excellence, to contribute to the enhancement of peace and security, primarily in the Asia-Pacific region. The Centre promotes improved civil-military collaboration in disaster and conflict management.

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 The Centre enhances Australia’s capacity to build effective strategic responses to crises in the context of multi-dimensional peace and stabilisation operations. The Centre is also a key mechanism for improving multilateral engagement with allies and partners, sharing best practice and lessons learned in planning and responding to natural disasters and conflicts.

Women in the ADF

 Defence launched the Chief of the Defence Force’s Action Plan for Women in November 2009, which aims to increase the number of women recruited into the ADF, as well as ensure the ADF can retain women members.

Honours and Awards Tribunal

 Federal Labor recognises the importance of Honours and Awards for Defence personnel, and in 2008, as promised, established an independent Defence Honours and Awards Tribunal to make decisions on Honours and Awards issues.

Nature of Service Reviews

 Federal Labor committed to recognising the unique and arduous service provided by the men and women of the ADF, past and present, by reviewing the Nature of Service classifications for operations. Labor has overseen the completion of reviews of several longstanding Nature of Service issues:

o Service by RAAF personnel at Ubon, Thailand;

o OP DAMASK VI; and

o Submarine Special Ops 1978 - 1992.

 All of these reviews resulted in positive outcomes for former serving men and women, with a change to the classification of their service.

Post-Armistice Korean Service Review

 Federal Labor in 2007 promised to implement the recommendations of the 2005 Post-Armistice Korean Service Review, which examined recognition for service in Korea from 1953 to 1956.

 In February 2010, Federal Labor announced that the design and regulations for an Australian General Service Medal for Korea had received royal approval. The Medal and corresponding Returned from Active Service Badge were dispatched to eligible recipients prior to ANZAC Day 2010.

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Defence Housing

 The Defence Home Ownership Assistance Scheme was implemented on 1 July 2008 with a Scheme Administrator and a panel of three home loan providers.

 As part of the National Economic Stimulus Plan, the Federal Labor Government invested $246 million in Defence Housing Australia to build 829 houses across Australia, with 646 already completed.

HMAS Melbourne cases

 Under Federal Labor, all claims arising out of the Melbourne-Voyager collision have been finalised after many years. Federal Labor appointed a Commissioner, who successfully assisted in resolving all claims.

Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief

 Australia has responded quickly and generously to provide humanitarian and operational support during recent domestic and overseas disasters.

 Defence assisted after the cyclone in Burma (May 2008), the Victorian bushfires (January 2009), the North Queensland floods (January 2009), the Tonga ferry disaster (August 2009), the PNG/Kokoda Track aircraft crash (August 2009), the tsunami that struck Tonga and Samoa (September 2009), the earthquake in Padang, Indonesia (October 2009), the earthquake in Haiti (January 2010), the cyclone in Fiji (March 2010), and the floods in Pakistan (August 2010).

 Under a Gillard Labor Government, the skills of ADF reservists will be relied upon to develop an enhanced humanitarian assistance and disaster relief Reserve capability, suited to responding to humanitarian crises, disaster situations and peacekeeping operations.

Replacement of the Australian Military Court

 After the Australian Military Court established by the former Coalition Government was ruled unconstitutional by the High Court in August 2009, Federal Labor acted quickly to put in place an interim system of military justice. In 2010, Federal Labor announced the establishment of a new federal court, the Military Court of Australia, to handle serious military justice cases. Legislation establishing the new court has already been introduced.

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Future Challenges

Australia will face a complex range of challenges from now until 2030.

Strategically, our defence planning will continue to focus on ensuring that we are able to deter and defeat armed attacks on Australia, as well as reflect the strength of our alliances and partnerships with the United States and other countries, and adjust to the changing distribution of economic, political and military power, globally and in our region.

Operationally, an important challenge is to maintain our commitment to training the 4th Brigade of the Afghan National Army, and successfully carry out our mission in Afghanistan.

Australia will also continue our operations in our region, in East Timor and the Solomon Islands.

At home, our challenges include recruiting and retaining the best people for the ADF, investing in new capabilities, ensuring our forces have the best available equipment to carry out their tasks, and maximising the efficiency and effectiveness of the support systems provided by Defence.

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What a Gillard Labor Government would do next

Ensuring a secure Australia

The Gillard Labor Government will publish a new Defence White Paper at least every five years.

In 2009 Federal Labor released the most comprehensive Defence White Paper ever produced in Australia, affirming our commitment to the defence of Australia, the stability of the regional security environment, and a rules-based global security order.

The White Paper provided a blueprint for our defence capabilities in an increasingly demanding strategic environment, where we need a force that is capable of defending Australia and meeting the needs of current operations, while also being positioned to contribute to potential contingencies both locally and globally.

The 2009 White Paper confirmed the fundamental importance of our alliance relationship with the United States and reaffirmed Australia’s commitment to the United Nations system.

Force 2030 and Defence Funding

Federal Labor will continue to provide budget certainty for Defence.

A Gillard Labor Government will honour its defence funding commitment that enables Defence to make long-term plans for the delivery of Force 2030, and engage in more efficient and effective long-term planning.

The funding commitment given in the 2009 Defence White Paper is the first time any Australian Government has committed to a long-term funding package for Defence.

Our funding commitment includes:

 three per cent average real growth in Defence’s funding base to 2017-18;

 after 2018, an average of 2.2 per cent real growth maintained through 2030; and

 2.5 per cent fixed cost indexation from 2009-10 to 2030.

Labor will build Force 2030, fund Australia’s future defence requirements and provide budget certainty for Defence

Labor will respond to our changing strategic outlook with a new White Paper every five years

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The Strategic Reform Program (SRP)

A Gillard Labor Government will continue its commitment to implementing the SRP throughout Defence.

The SRP is the most comprehensive, wide-ranging reform program ever introduced in Defence. It is designed to deliver long-term and sustainable efficiencies over a ten year period across many areas of Defence, including Logistics, Procurement, Shared Services, ICT and Maintenance.

Targeted savings of $20 billion are set aside for re-investment in Defence, and the SRP is not simply about cost-cutting. It is a program designed to achieve fundamental reforms in the way Defence does business by introducing greater efficiencies in work processes and structures. The SRP aims to make sure taxpayer dollars are spent efficiently.

Federal Labor introduced the SRP in 2009 following the first ever comprehensive and independent audit of the Defence Budget, conducted by external expert Mr George Pappas.

SRP savings are specifically designed to not impact on Defence capability and none of the savings target operations overseas.

Greater Transparency

A Gillard Labor Government will continue to increase transparency in Defence and keep the Australian people informed about defence issues.

Federal Labor will continue to make regular Ministerial Statements to the Parliament to ensure that the Australian Parliament and Australian people are informed about our operations in Afghanistan.

Federal Labor will also continue to provide increased reporting to the Australian people about the number and status of ADF personnel Wounded in Action in Afghanistan.

Federal Labor is also committed to informing the public of the outcomes of any investigations into alleged civilian casualties.

Labor will keep the Australian public informed about Defence

Labor will ensure Defence dollars are spent efficiently

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Our international relationships

The United States

A Gillard Labor Government will be committed to continuing and strengthening our alliance with the United States, which will remain Australia’s most important bilateral security relationship.

Federal Labor is strongly committed to the continuation of regular AUSMIN meetings between Australian Government Ministers and their US counterparts.

Our close relationship with the US also provides opportunities for mutual assistance and activities across a range of areas, including military exercises, intelligence sharing, procurement and co-operating in efforts to respond to natural disasters. We will also continue to work closely with the US as a member of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan.

Relationships in the region

A Gillard Labor Government will continue to strengthen and deepen our security relationships with the major powers in our region.

Federal Labor will continue to strengthen our bilateral security cooperation with Japan, our closest security partner in North East Asia, building on this year’s signing of an Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement with Japan.

A Gillard Labor Government will continue to strengthen our relationship with China, building on past strategic dialogues, and engage at the highest levels of our respective defence forces.

Federal Labor will also continue to strengthen our relationship with South Korea, building on the 2009 Joint Statement on Enhanced Global and Security Cooperation.

Federal Labor will also ensure that we maintain and progress our strong defence relationships with other countries in our region, including Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, India and Pakistan.

Close Neighbours: the Pacific and South East Asia

A Gillard Labor Government will continue to progress and build a network of security relationships within South East Asia and the Pacific.

Labor will continue to build and strengthen our security relationships with our neighbours in South East Asia and the Pacific

The US Alliance is fundamental to Australia’s security

Our relationships with the major powers in our region, and the relationships of these powers with one another, determine Australia’s principal strategic environment

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In South East Asia, Federal Labor will continue to make sure defence cooperation is focused on supporting the development of regional military capacity in areas such as counterterrorism, humanitarian assistance, disaster relief and peace-keeping.

In the Pacific, a Gillard Labor Government will focus on promoting economic security, good governance and internal stability.

Our strong military relationship with New Zealand will continue.

The United Nations and Multilateral Engagement

A Gillard Labor Government will continue to understand the need for a sophisticated and long term approach to peace-keeping, both in our region and in the broader international sphere. Peace-building, reconstruction and stabilisation are important in preventing future instability and subsequent military deployments.

Federal Labor reaffirms its commitment to the United Nations (UN), and the system of multilateral engagements that supports a peaceful world order.

Australian Defence Force personnel are currently serving in six UN operations around the world, including Afghanistan and East Timor.

A Gillard Labor Government will continue to lead and participate in initiatives to prevent the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, in accordance with our international obligations. Labor will ensure that Australia has an effective export control regime.

Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief

Labor is committed to the ADF providing appropriate assistance when a humanitarian emergency or natural disaster strikes, in Australia or in our region.

The ADF can deploy resources and expertise with a speed that no other agency can match. Labor will ensure that our forces have the capacity to continue to carry out this role.

The capabilities and expertise of Defence can provide unparalleled first-response reaction to disasters

Australia cannot be secure in an insecure world. We have a strategic interest in preserving a stable, rules-based global security order

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Defence Operations

Around 3,300 members of the ADF are currently involved in 12 overseas operations, and another 500 or so ADF members are actively protecting Australia’s borders and offshore maritime interests.

Afghanistan

Federal Labor will continue to support our commitment in Afghanistan, given Australia’s crucial strategic stake in the future of the struggle against global terrorism.

Together with 46 other countries the ADF is contributing to coalition efforts to deny international terrorists safe haven in Afghanistan, allowing the Afghan Government the opportunity to build national support, and training the Afghan forces so that they can take over responsibility for security of their country.

In April 2009, Federal Labor increased our troop commitment to 1,550 troops. The ADF is currently mentoring the 4th Brigade of the Afghan National Army in Uruzgan province, and our Special Forces also contribute to our mission in Afghanistan.

Based on progress so far, Defence expects to be able to complete the training of the entire 4th Brigade in Uruzgan province, and start to transition security responsibility and move into a supporting role there within two to four years.

A Gillard Labor Government will not keep Australian troops in Afghanistan any longer than necessary. But Labor remains committed to our troops being there as long as our mission requires.

Force Protection Review

A Gillard Labor Government will continue its commitment to ensuring adequate force protection.

A Gillard Labor Government will proceed with the acquisition of a Counter-Rocket, Artillery and Mortar or ‘C-RAM’ system to provide greater protection for our troops in Afghanistan.

Federal Labor will ensure that the remaining recommendations of the Force Protection Review are progressed as a priority, including enhanced medical support, the upgrading and hardening of living and working accommodation in our base in Tarin Kowt, as well as other capability enhancements.

Australia has a crucial strategic stake in the future of the struggle against global terrorism

Labor is making sure our troops have the protection they need

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In July 2010, the Gillard Labor Government approved another two major Defence Capability Plan projects to deliver the Force Protection Review and improve protection for our troops in Afghanistan:

 The acquisition of Shadow 200 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to conduct battlefield surveillance, reconnaissance and target acquisition. 18 UAVs, ground control systems, vehicles and other support systems will be acquired at a cost of $175 million. This includes funding to enable the expedited delivery of the new UAVs to the Middle East Area of Operations.

 The enhancement of the ADF’s Counter Improvised Explosive Device capability providing additional explosive disposal robots, new force protection systems for vehicles and training systems, at a cost of $120 million.

Federal Labor has also accelerated a Defence Capability Plan project to acquire an improved targeting system for deployment to Afghanistan as soon as possible, at a cost of $30 million. The Digital Terminal Control System is designed to allow specialist ground forces to significantly improve the accuracy of coalition aircraft and other precision weapon systems which will help minimise unintended civilian casualties and collateral damage.

These projects are fully funded under the Defence Capability Plan and through the Government’s response to the Force Protection Review.

East Timor and Solomon Islands

Under a Gillard Labor Government, Australia will continue to play its part in supporting regional stability, through our contribution to operations in East Timor and the Solomon Islands.

Under Federal Labor, the International Stabilisation Force (ISF) in East Timor has been reduced from 800 to around 550 personnel. This reduction reflects the continuing stability of the security situation in East Timor.

140 Australian Army Reserve personnel form the Australian Defence Force contribution to the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI). Their efforts will continue to be available to support RAMSI in achieving its development goals.

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Intelligence and Security

A Gillard Labor Government will sustain and strengthen cooperation and collaboration with allied intelligence partners.

Federal Labor has begun to deliver new signals intelligence collection and processing capabilities, including a new $14.5 million super computer.

Labor will continue to sustain and strengthen cooperation and collaboration with allied intelligence partners

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The White Paper outlined Federal Labor’s investment in new analytic tools, techniques and technologies for the Defence intelligence agencies, so they can cope with an increasingly complex environment.

Cyber Security

A Gillard Labor Government will continue its focus on the emerging threat of cyber attack.

Federal Labor acted quickly in identifying cyber security as a top national security priority, and following an E-Security review, in 2010 established the Cyber Security Operations Centre.

The Cyber Security Operations Centre capability will be enhanced through major capital projects to deliver enhanced signals intelligence collection and analytic capabilities. The Centre will expand to 130 staff over the next five years.

Defence Capability and Industry

Force 2030 and the Defence Capability Plan

A Gillard Labor Government will continue to implement and update the 2009 Defence Capability Plan, which includes over $60 billion worth of projects, delivered through 110 project phases, to ensure our ADF personnel have the equipment and technology they need. Key projects for consideration in coming years include:

 New naval combat helicopters.

 A fleet of eight new future frigates.

 12 new submarines to replace the Collins class.

 Around 20 Offshore Combatant Vessels.

 Two batteries of self-propelled artillery guns.

 A large new fleet of deployable protected vehicles.

 Two additional C-130J Hercules transport aircraft and up to ten light tactical fixed-wing aircraft.

 Eight new maritime surveillance aircraft.

 Up to seven high altitude, long endurance maritime surveillance unmanned aerial vehicles.

Labor has identified cyber security as a top national security priority, and set up the Cyber Security Operations Centre

Labor will make sure the ADF has the tools it needs

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Projects worth over $8 billion have already been approved by the Labor Government, including:

 The first 14 Joint Strike Fighters, a fifth generation multi-role fighter.

 Seven CH-47F Chinooks, the latest state-of-the-art version of this battlefield mobility helicopter.

 Enhanced satellite communications for deployed ADF forces.

 New lightweight artillery systems.

 Additional upgraded M113 armoured personnel carriers.

Following Federal Labor’s comprehensive Air Combat Capability Review, the Government confirmed the acquisition of the Super Hornet would proceed.

The Super Hornet is a first class multi-role fighter, which will significantly improve Australia’s air combat capability, and enable a smooth transition to the Joint Strike Fighter following the retirement of the F-111. Of Australia’s 24 Super Hornets, 11 have already been delivered to RAAF Amberley.

A new Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, the Heron, has also commenced operations in support of our troops in Afghanistan.

New submarine capability

The 2009 Defence White Paper set a major capability priority of acquiring 12 new submarines, capable of anti-ship and anti-submarine warfare, strategic strike, mine detection, mine laying, intelligence collection and special forces support.

An enhanced submarine capability remains a key priority for the future Force 2030. Labor will ensure that Defence continues its analysis, planning and design work for this major enhancement of our maritime capability.

Defence procurement reforms

A Gillard Labor Government will continue to work hard to improve Defence procurement processes, following the Mortimer Review’s examination of defence procurement.

Federal Labor agreed to all but one of the Review’s recommendations, and is implementing a reform plan underpinned by four key principles:

Labor will ensure Australia has the submarine capability it needs

Labor is restoring integrity to defence procurement after years of Howard Government mismanagement

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 Improving Defence’s accountability and transparency in the management of the capital invested in building military capabilities.

 Strengthening the Defence Materiel Organisation’s capacity to provide independent advice on cost, risk, schedule and acquisition strategy.

 Enhancing the business-like culture in the Defence Materiel Organisation.

 Strengthening the relationship between Defence and the Defence Materiel Organisation.

These reforms will ensure that a Gillard Labor Government makes fully considered decisions on major acquisitions, and that the DMO and industry can deliver them without delays or budget overruns.

Defence industry support

Federal Labor is committed to increasing the opportunities for the Australian defence industry to identify and make the most of business opportunities within Australia and overseas. A Gillard Labor Government will spend well in excess of $5 billion in the local defence industry this year.

A Gillard Labor Government will continue the implementation of the 2010 Defence Industry Policy Statement and will invest $445 million over the next decade in programs that Australia’s Defence industry can access to improve their competitiveness, their capacity for innovation, their ability to enter export markets, their opportunity to win work locally and the skills of their workforce.

Naval shipbuilding, repair and maintenance

A Gillard Labor Government will deliver improved capabilities for the Australian Navy, with a strong emphasis on Australian industry content.

Federal Labor is committed to continuing the emphasis on local work on the Air Warfare Destroyers, the Collins Class submarines, the Anzac and Adelaide class frigates, the Amphibious Landing Ships, the Heavy Landing Ship and other naval vessels.

The 2009 Defence Capability Plan estimated that maritime capability expenditure in Australia would grow on average by 8.3 per cent per annum between 2008-09 and 2012-13.

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Science, research and innovation

A Gillard Labor Government will continue to provide strong support to the Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) and its role in research and innovation. The DSTO will receive an additional $138 million in funding between 2010-11 and 2012-13.

Federal Labor will strengthen the Corporate Enabling Research Program, which focuses on cutting-edge areas of Defence technology for current and future operations, including cyber and electronic warfare, hypersonics, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance.

Looking after our troops

The legacy of war - wounded personnel

A Gillard Labor Government will introduce a new program of enhanced support and services for wounded ADF members, the Simpson Program, named after the Gallipoli hero John Simpson Kirkpatrick. The program will cost $21.2 million over four years. The men and women of Australia’s Defence Forces face significant danger in the defence of our nation and our national interests. When they are wounded or suffer illness as a result of their service, they deserve the best possible care and support.

The program will include protections for wounded personnel returning to Australia to minimise financial disadvantage, provide housing assistance, develop a comprehensive training and re-skilling program, and ensure access to specialist rehabilitation. Defence will also develop new forms of recognition for our wounded personnel.

Federal Labor has introduced a range of programs reflecting international best practice in providing care for wounded members of the ADF:

 The Regional Casualty Support Officers program, currently being trialled, provides support for Army members and their families. If successful, Labor will expand this program to other services.

 A wide range of mental health support programs including comprehensive screening and a ‘decompression’ program for personnel returning from deployment.

 $83 million to implement improvements in mental health.

 New rehabilitation policies, with more emphasis on retaining injured personnel where possible, and extending rehabilitation.

A new $21 million program will help make sure our troops get the best possible care and support

Labor will continue to make sure ADF operations receive a high level of scientific research, innovation and support

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 a new partnership program with the Australian Paralympic Committee, providing valuable rehabilitation opportunities.

Ensuring the health of our forces

Federal Labor recognises the significant sacrifices made by members of our Defence Force and their families in the service of our nation, and is committed to the medical care of our troops, their health and that of their families.

Federal Labor will examine the results of the ADF Family Healthcare Trial, which provides access to a range of medical services to ADF families. Over 3,800 ADF dependants are already registered and benefiting from the trial.

Defence has entered into a strategic health alliance in Queensland with Queensland Health, the Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital, the Queensland Health Skills Development Centre and the University of Queensland. The project has involved embedding a military surgical team at Brisbane hospital, establishing a high acuity ward for military patients staffed by ADF personnel, and providing access to a hyperbaric chamber to improve health service delivery and clinical training opportunities for ADF personnel.

Building on this model, Federal Labor will expand this alliance into a network of strategic alliances across Australia to deliver state of the art treatment and training opportunities for ADF personnel. The expanded network of alliances, costing $7.6 million over four years, will include a focus on tropical and exotic diseases, to ensure the ADF is prepared for deployment to high risk areas.

Federal Labor is also committed to ensuring ADF personnel have access to the specialist medical care which is required to provide the best quality care for our troops.

A Gillard Labor Government will extend specialist care in a program costing $12.1 million over four years, funding a permanent ADF specialist medical capability to meet the requirements of Defence personnel. These specialists will provide the ADF with the capability to deploy medical teams at short notice to support global ADF operations.

The cost of these new programs to look after our wounded and the health of ADF personnel will be absorbed within Defence’s $30 billion annual budget, as the commitments represent substantially less than a tenth of one per cent of the Defence budget over the forward estimates. These commitments will be met without an increase in Defence’s appropriation or any impact on Defence program outcomes.

The medical care of our troops, and their health and wellbeing and that of their families, is a Labor Government priority

A new network of strategic health alliances

A new specialist medical care program

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Recruitment and retention

Federal Labor will continue to focus on maintaining high recruitment and retention levels in the ADF.

Under Labor, ADF recruitment is stronger than ever before - at June 2010, it was eight per cent higher than last year and one of the highest in a decade. Separation rates at June 2010 were seven per cent, the lowest in over 20 years.

A Gillard Labor Government will continue to implement the plans set out in the Defence White Paper, utilising the $880 million provided over the forward estimates to enhance ADF recruitment and retention.

Federal Labor will also ask Defence to review the posting cycle to increase the length of back-to-back postings in the same area, to reduce stress on members and their families from relocations.

A Federal Labor Government is committed to ensuring that our servicemen and women are provided with competitive and attractive employment packages, with terms and conditions that reflect strong support for their positions as ADF members.

Labor will ensure that policies and programs affecting the conditions and benefits provided to both our serving men and women and our retired personnel, including pay, allowances, housing, health services, and superannuation, continue to recognise the special nature of their role, acknowledging their skills and rewarding their efforts.

For more detail on our policy on Military Superannuation, see Labor’s Veterans Affairs Policy.

Women in the ADF

Federal Labor is committed to supporting the position of women in the Defence Forces. Women currently make up 13.6 per cent of the permanent ADF, with 434 more women members now than last year.

Defence is implementing a range of initiatives to improve the recruitment and retention of women in the ADF, and strongly supports the Reference Group on Women established by the CDF.

Defence launched an Action Plan for Women in November 2009, aimed at overcoming systemic, cultural, behavioural and attitudinal aspects of the ADF that may discourage women from joining or staying in the ADF.

The Defence Science and Technology Organisation is undertaking a Physical Employment Standards Project to develop objective occupationally relevant standards for positions, to provide a clearer basis for the application of employment criteria.

Under Labor, recruitment into the ADF is stronger than ever before

Labor will make sure that all members of the ADF can contribute based on their ability

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Defence Housing

Federal Labor is committed to providing high quality housing for ADF members and their families.

A Gillard Labor Government will progress Single LEAP Phase 2 and deliver over 3,000 additional living in units across Australia, advancing the project despite the difficulties caused by the Global Financial Crisis.

Under Project Single LEAP Phase 1 Federal Labor delivered improved accommodation for members living on base. Between 2008 and 2009, 1,395 new units were delivered at RAAF Amberley, Holsworthy Barracks, and Gallipoli Barracks at Enoggera.

Federal Labor also provided $246 million under the Nation Building - Economic Stimulus Plan, enabling DHA to deliver 829 homes for ADF members and their families.

The Federal Labor Government has also committed around $400 million over the decade to improve housing related allowances and conditions for Defence members.

Defence Reserves

Federal Labor recognises the important role of Reserves in our Defence Forces.

Federal Labor has increased funding for Reserve training salaries over the past three years, and is committed to continuing to adequately fund Reserves. Labor in Government will make sure Defence receives adequate funding to provide every Reservist with sufficient training days to meet their training requirement.

Under Labor, the number of high readiness Reserves has increased from 270 in 2007 to 810 today.

Under a Gillard Labor Government, the skills of reservists will be relied upon to develop an enhanced humanitarian assistance and disaster relief Reserve capability, suited to responding to humanitarian crises, disaster situations and peacekeeping operations.

This new Labor commitment will provide a deployable capability of personnel with specialist backgrounds, such as engineering, medical and logistics. These personnel will be able to work closely with other civilian agencies and will cross-train with relevant civilian authorities so they can work seamlessly with other organisations during domestic crises, such as the Victorian bushfires.

Labor will provide high quality housing for ADF members and their families

A new humanitarian assistance and disaster relief role for Reserves

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The Gillard Labor Government supports participation in the Reserves. In February 2008, Federal Labor commissioned the Review of the Defence Reserve Service (Protection) Act to ensure that suitable protections are provided for both Reserve employers and Reservists.

Federal Labor recognises the breadth of skills Reservists possess outside of their military training and is developing a civilian skills database. This central record of the skills Reservists bring to their roles will make it easier for the Reserve forces to broaden and deepen their contribution to the ADF.

The high level of skills modern Reservists possess is adding adaptability and professionalism to our overseas deployments. Federal Labor has increased the number of Reserves deployed to the Solomon Islands, where the ADF’s contingent is now led by a Reserve company.

In the 2010 Budget, Federal Labor announced that more Reserves will be called upon to serve in Australia’s forces in East Timor.

In the 2009 Defence White Paper, Federal Labor committed to better integrating part time and full time service in the ADF. The Army is currently examining the role of reserves as a component of its Rebalancing Army initiative. A Gillard Labor Government will ensure that proposals relating to reserves are subject to broad consultation and review. An independent review will examine international best practice and recent innovations in the use and integration of part-time and full-time forces. It will also examine how the recommendations from the Rebalancing Army initiative can be expanded to Navy and Air Force Reserves.

The cost of these new programs to provide greater opportunities for our Reserves will be absorbed within Defence’s $30 billion annual budget, as the commitments represent substantially less than a tenth of one per cent of the Defence budget over the forward estimates. These commitments will be met without an increase in Defence’s appropriation or any impact on Defence program outcomes.

Cadets

Federal Labor recognises the important role of the ADF Cadets, and is committed to their continuation and growth.

A Gillard Labor Government will introduce legislation to give the Chief of the Defence Force more control and responsibility over the Cadets.

Labor recognises the important role of ADF Cadets and is committed to their growth

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A Gillard Labor Government will continue its commitment to ensuring the prosperity of the Cadets, and will provide additional funding of $10 million per year until 2017-18 to support the Cadets.

In August 2008, Federal Labor launched an independent review of the ADF Cadets, led by Lieutenant General Frank Hickling AO, CSC (Rtd). Most of the recommendations from that review have been accepted by the Government and will be implemented.

In contrast, the former Coalition Government commissioned 27 reviews, studies and project reports into the ADF Cadets - but did not implement a single one of the resulting recommendations.

Defence Infrastructure

Base Review

Federal Labor is committed to making sure that Defence’s basing requirements continue to be met.

A Gillard Labor Government will carry out a comprehensive review of the Defence estate, including a strategic assessment of Defence's basing requirements and a detailed financial analysis of long-term costs and efficiency gains of different basing mixes. An independent commission will then be appointed to consider Defence's recommendations. This commission will conduct substantial public consultation before reporting back to the Government.

Investment in facilities

A Gillard Labor Government will invest in and support high quality facilities to maintain and support a strong and capable Defence force.

In the 2010-11 Budget, Federal Labor committed $1.7 billion to maintain, upgrade and build Defence facilities across Australia.

Asbestos Tiger Team

A Gillard Labor Government will make sure that Defence offers a safe work environment, and eliminates environmental and toxic hazards in the workplace.

In particular, Federal Labor is committed to eliminating the risk of asbestos in Defence. In January 2009, Defence established the Asbestos Inventory Tiger Team. This dedicated group is tasked with eliminating asbestos from the ADF inventory. The Team has already

Our Defence bases have important strategic roles

A strong and capable Defence force depends on high quality facilities

Labor will make sure Defence offers a safe work environment

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conducted audits of 311 units representing 75 per cent of the total ADF inventory holdings.

Securing the future of NORCOM

A Gillard Labor Government will keep the Australian Defence Force’s Northern Command (NORCOM) Headquarters in Darwin.

Federal Labor believes that given the role and functions of NORCOM Headquarters, particularly with respect to border protection, keeping NORCOM in Darwin is in Australia’s best interests.

Operational Training and the Community

A Gillard Labor Government will ensure that Australia’s Defence Force continues to undergo extensive and regular training, including operational training, to maintain a state of readiness and improve skills.

While this training is essential, Federal Labor recognises that sometimes it can impact on local communities, with adverse effects such as disruption and noise.

Wherever possible, Federal Labor will ensure that local communities affected by Defence training or exercises are consulted, and that any negative impacts on communities are minimised.

As an example, after a review into noise and flight-paths at the Salt Ash Air Weapons Range in the Hunter Region, the projected use of the range by the Joint Strike Fighters was halved to reduce noise impacts on nearby communities.

Delivering Military Justice

Federal Labor has introduced legislation to establish the new independent Military Court of Australia, to deal with serious service offences, and appeals against decisions from the lower levels of the military justice system. The new court will have judges with experience and/or knowledge of the ADF, will meet modern judicial standards and will be consistent with the requirements of the Australian Constitution for federal courts.

Labor will minimise the effects of operational training on the community

Labor will make sure military justice is fair and effective

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The Coalition’s Record

Strategic Defence Planning

The former Coalition Government neglected strategic defence planning, by relying for seven years on the Defence White Paper released in 2000 - despite changes in the strategic landscape caused by events such as the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the US, the Bali bombings, the 2004 attack on the Australian embassy in Jakarta, major ADF operational deployments in Iraq and Afghanistan, and regional instability in East Timor and the Solomon Islands.

By the time of the election of the Labor Government in late 2007, another White Paper was badly overdue. Federal Labor met this need with the 2009 Defence White Paper.

International engagement

The former Coalition Government weakened Australia’s reputation in the international community as a strong advocate and supporter of multilateral solutions to global challenges, undermining the respect built up for Australian foreign policy over half a century of international engagement.

Federal Labor has restored Australia’s commitment to international organisations such as the United Nations, which play a critical role in international stabilisation and peacekeeping operations. Both multilateral engagement, and Australia’s commitment to the US alliance, are critical pillars of our approach to domestic, regional and global security.

Iraq war

The former Coalition Government took Australia into the war in Iraq, a decision which Labor opposed. Australian personnel were sent without sufficient justification and in the absence of a UN mandate. In doing so, Iraq effectively diverted Australia's defence resources away from the effort against terrorist threats in Afghanistan.

Capability planning and procurement

The former Coalition Government proved itself incapable of effectively managing Defence procurement. Through eleven years and five ministers, it presided over numerous reviews and reform programs that failed to address schedule delays and budget blowouts.

The results of these shortcomings are all too apparent. Coming into office, Federal Labor found a long list of projects of concern that were well behind schedule or over budget, with a total value of around $13 billion. These problems included:

 The failed acquisition of the Seasprite Helicopters - contracted in 1997, wasting over $1.4 billion of tax payers’ money on 40 year old Vietnam War era

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helicopters, and not delivering a single helicopter for the Navy. Federal Labor took decisive action to cancel the project and acquire new helicopters.

 The upgrade of the Adelaide Class frigates - delayed four and a half years, with the number of frigates to be upgraded reduced from six to four. Federal Labor turned this project around with Navy Initial Operational Release in January 2010.

 The acquisition of Armed Reconnaissance Helicopters - delayed by 24 months, with formal disputes between Defence and its contractors. Federal Labor oversaw the resolution of the dispute and successfully implemented a risk reduction strategy that saw the project removed from the list of projects of concern.

 The upgrade of Army’s M113 Armoured Personnel Carriers - delayed by almost a year with technical problems. Federal Labor took appropriate action to get the project back on track.

 The modernisation of Defence’s high frequency communications experienced years of delay and technical problems. Federal Labor ensured the final system was accepted in April 2010 and it is now supporting ADF operations.

 The acquisition of a new lightweight torpedo was delayed by three years, its integration into aircraft was found to be unaffordable, and the project had unresolved issues of scope and funding. Federal Labor took the tough decision to redirect funding to ensure the project progresses quickly and torpedoes are delivered for use on ships.

 The former Coalition Government underestimated the complexity of the Anzac class frigate anti-ship missile defence upgrade. Federal Labor has reduced risk by adopting a staged strategy commencing with installation in one lead ship, HMAS Perth, before proceeding with the remaining ships.

 Project Wedgetail, providing six airborne early warning and command and control aircraft, was over 3 years late, with technical difficulties. Federal Labor stepped in to improve project management, and in May 2010 the first two aircraft were accepted.

 Labor took the tough step of cancelling Project Echidna, which should have delivered a new Radar Warning Receiver for Black Hawk helicopters. The project suffered from cost pressures and delays.

 The replacement of the RAAF ground based Air Defence Command & Control systems ran over three years late, with major technical risks. Federal Labor has ensured the project receives the focus needed to resolve technical and software issues, with operational testing scheduled for this year.

 The acquisition of medium heavy vehicles was running into cost, technical and schedule risk when Federal Labor came into Government. It was added to the

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Projects of Concern list to ensure it received a high level of focus and scrutiny. Labor has put this project back on track by re-tendering the project.

By taking a sustained and coordinated approach to capability acquisitions, including through the Projects of Concern list of projects needing extra attention, Federal Labor has been able to remediate around $6 billion worth of projects, so they can be removed from this list.

Military Justice

The former Coalition Government set up the Australian Military Court without making it fully independent, despite concerns expressed at the time that the model was potentially unconstitutional. The Court’s incompatibility with our constitutional arrangements was confirmed by the High Court two years later. Federal Labor had to move quickly to establish an interim system of military justice, and has since introduced legislation to establish a fully independent court, the Military Court of Australia.