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Administrative Review Tribunal (Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Bill 2000

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1998-1999-2000

THE PARLIAMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW TRIBUNAL

(CONSEQUENTIAL AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS)

BILL 2000

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

(Circulated by the authority of the Attorney-General,

the Honourable Daryl Williams AM QC MP)

 



1.TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                                                                                                Page

GENERAL OUTLINE                                                                                                                 

FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT                                                                                        

NOTES ON CLAUSES                                                                                                              

NOTES ON SCHEDULES                                                                                                         

Schedule 1—Amendment of Acts to replace references to the Administrative Appeals

                      Tribunal with references to the Administrative Review Tribunal                               

Schedule 2—Amendment of Acts to replace references to the Administrative Appeals

                      Tribunal Act 1975 with references to the Administrative Review Tribunal

                      Act 2000                                                                                                              

Schedule 3—Consequential amendments of various Acts                                                               

ACIS Administration Act 1999                                                                                            

Adelaide Airport Curfew Act 2000                                                                                      

Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977                                                            

Aged Care Act 1997                                                                                                           

Aged or Disabled Persons Care Act 1954                                                                           

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemical Products (Collection of Interim Levy) Act

                   1994                                                                                                                

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemical Products (Collection of Levy) Act 1994                      

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Administration) Act 1992                                         

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994                                                         

Air Navigation Act 1920                                                                                                     

A New Tax System (Australian Business Number) Act 1999                                               

A New Tax System (Bonuses for Older Australians) Act 1999                                             

Archives Act 1983                                                                                                              

Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991                                                              

Australian Federal Police Act 1979                                                                                    

Australian Horticultural Corporation Act 1987                                                                   

Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998                                             

Australian Sports Drug Agency Act 1990                                                                          

Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation Act 1980                                                           

Bankruptcy Act 1966                                                                                                        

Bounty (Books) Act 1986                                                                                                 

Bounty (Computers) Act 1984                                                                                          

Bounty (Fuel Ethanol) Act 1994                                                                                        

Bounty (Machine Tools and Robots) Act 1985                                                                  

Bounty (Ships) Act 1989                                                                                                   

Broadcasting Services Act 1992                                                                                        

Schedule 3 (cont.)

Child Support (Assessment) Act 1989                                                                               

Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988                                                        

Coal Excise Act 1949                                                                                                       

Coal Mining Industry (Long Service Leave) Payroll Levy Collection Act 1992                    

Commerce (Trade Descriptions) Act 1905                                                                        

Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918                                                                                   

Copyright Act 1968                                                                                                          

Customs Act 1901                                                                                                            

Dairy Produce Act 1986                                                                                                   

Debits Tax Administration Act 1982                                                                                  

Defence Act 1903                                                                                                             

Designs Act 1906                                                                                                              

Development Allowance Authority Act 1992                                                                     

Diesel and Alternative Fuels Grants Scheme Act 1999                                                       

Disability Services Act 1986                                                                                              

Distillation Act 1901                                                                                                          

Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration of Providers and

                   Financial Regulation) Act 1991                                                                       

Electronic Transactions Act 1999                                                                                      

Environmental Reform (Consequential Provisions) Act 1999                                               

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999                                        

Excise Act 1901                                                                                                                

Export Control Act 1982                                                                                                   

Export Market Development Grants Act 1997                                                                   

Federal Proceedings (Costs) Act 1981                                                                              

Financial Institutions Supervisory Levies Collection Act 1998                                             

Fisheries Management Act 1991                                                                                        

Freedom of Information Act 1982                                                                                     

Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986                                                                         

Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975                                                                         

Hazardous Waste (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1989                                       

Health and Other Services (Compensation) Act 1995                                                        

Health Insurance Act 1973                                                                                                

Hearing Services Administration Act 1997                                                                         

Higher Education Funding Act 1988                                                                                  

Horticultural Research and Development Corporation Act 1987                                         

Imported Food Control Act 1992                                                                                      

Income Tax Assessment Act 1936                                                                                     

Schedule 3 (cont.)

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997                                                                                     

Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Act 1989                                             

Industry Research and Development Act 1986                                                                   

Insurance Acquisitions and Takeovers Act 1991                                                                

Insurance Act 1973                                                                                                           

Judicial and Statutory Officers (Remuneration and Allowances) Act 1984                           

Lands Acquisition Act 1989                                                                                              

Life Insurance Act 1995                                                                                                    

Meat Inspection Act 1983                                                                                                 

Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989                                                                                   

Mutual Recognition Act 1992                                                                                            

Narcotic Drugs Act 1967                                                                                                  

National Crime Authority Act 1984                                                                                   

National Health Act 1953                                                                                                  

Navigation Act 1912                                                                                                         

Offshore Minerals Act 1994                                                                                              

Ombudsman Act 1976                                                                                                      

Ozone Protection Act 1989                                                                                               

Passports Act 1938                                                                                                           

Pay-roll Tax Assessment Act 1941                                                                                    

Pay-roll Tax (Territories) Assessment Act 1971                                                                 

Petroleum Excise (Prices) Act 1987                                                                                   

Plant Breeder’s Rights Act 1994                                                                                        

Prawn Export Promotion Act 1995                                                                                    

Primary Industries Levies and Charges Collection Act 1991                                               

Privacy Act 1988                                                                                                              

Private Health Insurance Incentives Act 1998                                                                     

Product Grants and Benefits Administration Act 2000                                                        

Radiocommunications Act 1992                                                                                        

Remuneration and Allowances Act 1990                                                                            

Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997                                                                             

Safety, Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1988                                                            

Seafarers Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1992                                                         

Sea Installations Act 1987                                                                                                 

Ships (Capital Grants) Act 1987                                                                                        

Small Superannuation Accounts Act 1995                                                                          

Spirits Act 1906                                                                                                                

Schedule 3 (cont.)

Student Assistance Act 1973                                                                                             

Superannuation Act 1976                                                                                                  

Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993                                                                

Superannuation (Self Managed Superannuation Funds) Taxation Act 1987                         

Swimming Pools Tax Refund Act 1992                                                                              

Telecommunications Act 1997                                                                                           

Telecommunications (Interception) Act 1979                                                                     

Textile, Clothing and Footwear Strategic Investment Program Act 1999                             

Therapeutic Goods Act 1989                                                                                            

Trade Practices Act 1974                                                                                                  

Tradesmen’s Rights Regulation Act 1946                                                                           

Tradex Scheme Act 1999                                                                                                  

Trans-Tasman Mutual Recognition Act 1997                                                                     

Schedule 4—Amendment of Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979                     

Schedule 5—New Schedule to Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979                 

New Schedule 1—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act

                              in relation to review of decisions                                                     

Schedule 6—Amendment of Taxation Administration Act 1953                                                   

Schedule 7—New Schedule to Taxation Administration Act 1953                                               

New Schedule 2—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act

                              in relation to applications for review of certain decisions etc.            

Schedule 8—Amendment of Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986                                                     

Schedule 9—New Schedule to Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986                                                 

New Schedule 7—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act

                              in relation to applications for review of decisions                             

Schedule 10—Amendment of the social security law                                                                    

Part 1—Amendment of Social Security Act 1991                                                              

Part 2—Amendment of Social Security (Administration) Act 1999                                     

Schedule 11—New Schedule to Social Security (Administration) Act 1999                               

Replacement Schedule 3—Modified application of Administrative Review

                                           Tribunal Act for the purposes of the review of

                                           decisions under the social security law                       

Schedule 12—Amendment of A New Tax System (Family Assistance)

                        (Administration) Act 1999                                                                              

Schedule 13—New Schedule to A New Tax System (Family Assistance)

                        (Administration) Act 1999                                                                              

New Schedule 1—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act

                              for the purposes of the review of decisions under the family

                              assistance law                                                                              

Schedule 14—Amendment of migration legislation                                                                     

Part 1—Amendment of Migration Act 1958                                                                    

Part 2—Amendment of Australian Citizenship Act 1948                                                   

Part 3—Amendment of Immigration (Guardianship of Children) Act 1946                        

Schedule 15—Application and transitional provisions relating to abolition of

                        Administrative Appeals Tribunal and establishment of Administrative

                        Review Tribunal etc.                                                                                       

Part 1—Definitions etc.                                                                                                   

Part 2—Members of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal                                                

Part 3—Transfer of evidence, records and documents etc.                                               

Part 4—Annual report                                                                                                     

Part 5—Rights to notice and statements in relation to pre-AAT abolition time

              decisions                                                                                                          

Part 6—Applications for ART review of pre-AAT abolition time decisions                        

Part 7—ART continuation of AAT review                                                                       

Part 8—Continuation of other AAT jurisdiction                                                                

Part 9—Effect of repeal of AAT Act on AAT decisions and Federal Court

              appeals against such decisions etc.                                                                    

Part 10—Other transitional matters                                                                                  

Part 11—Administrative Review Council appointments, performance of

                functions etc. unaffected by repeal of Part V of AAT Act                               

Schedule 16—Application and transitional provisions relating to abolition of specialist

                        migration tribunals and establishment of Administrative Review

                        Tribunal                                                                                                          

Part 1—Abolition of Migration Review Tribunal                                                               

          Division 1—Definitions                                                                                           

          Division 2—Members of the Migration Review Tribunal                                         

          Division 3—Transfer of evidence, records and documents etc.                                

          Division 4—Annual report                                                                                      

          Division 5—Rights to notice and statements in relation to pre-MRT

                              abolition time decisions reviewable by MRT                                      

          Division 6—Applications for ART review of pre-MRT abolition time

                              decisions reviewable by MRT                                                           

          Division 7—ART continuation of MRT review                                                        

          Division 8—Effect of repeal of Part 6 of Migration Act 1958 on MRT

                              decisions and Federal Court appeals against such decisions etc.        

Part 2—Abolition of Refugee Review Tribunal                                                                 

          Division 1—Definitions                                                                                           

          Division 2—Members of the Refugee Review Tribunal                                            

          Division 3—Transfer of evidence, records and documents etc.                                

          Division 4—Annual report                                                                                      

Schedule 16 (cont.)

          Division 5—Rights to notice and statements in relation to pre-RRT

                              abolition time decisions reviewable by RRT                                       

          Division 6—Applications for ART review of pre-RRT abolition time

                              decisions reviewable by RRT                                                            

          Division 7—ART continuation of RRT review                                                         

          Division 8—Effect of repeal of Part 7 of Migration Act 1958 on RRT

                              decisions and Federal Court appeals against such decisions etc.        

Schedule 17—Application and transitional provisions relating to abolition of

                        Social Security Appeals Tribunal and establishment of

                        Administrative Review Tribunal                                                                       

Part 1—Definitions                                                                                                          

Part 2—Transfer of records and documents                                                                     

Part 3—Annual report                                                                                                     

Part 4—Applications for ART review of SSAT reviewable decisions                                 

Part 5—ART continuation of SSAT review                                                                      

Part 6—Effect of amendments made by this Act on SSAT decisions etc.                          

Schedule 18—Amendments relating to Federal Court’s interlocutory jurisdiction in

                        tribunal etc. matters                                                                                        

Federal Court of Australia Act 1976                                                                                

 



2.Administrative Review Tribunal

(CONSEQUENTIAL AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS)

Bill 2000

3.General outline

The Administrative Review Tribunal Bill ( ART Bill ) establishes the Administrative Review Tribunal ( ART ).  Its function will be to review administrative decisions on the merits.  The Tribunal will be readily accessible and provide review that is fair, just, economical, informal and quick.

The Tribunal will replace the Administrative Appeals Tribunal ( AAT ), the Social Security Appeals Tribunal ( SSAT ), the Migration Review Tribunal ( MRT ) and the Refugee Review Tribunal ( RRT ).  Jurisdiction to review decisions is currently conferred on these tribunals by various enactments.

The Administrative Review Tribunal (Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Bill ( ART (CTP) Bill ) amends Acts that confer jurisdiction on those tribunals so that they confer that jurisdiction on the new Tribunal.

Where appropriate, the ART (CTP) Bill makes specific provision for procedures to be followed by the Tribunal in its review of certain decisions.

The ART (CTP) Bill also makes provision in relation to the review, after the time that the ART commences operations, of decisions made before that time, for appeals etc. from decisions made by the existing tribunals where those appeals etc. have not been completed by that time, and for the transfer to the new Tribunal of matters that, just before that time, are before any of the existing tribunals.

There are 18 schedules to the ART (CTP) Bill:

·       Schedule 1 amends Acts to replace references to the AAT with references to the ART;

·       Schedule 2 amends Acts to replace references to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 ( AAT Act ) with references to the ART Bill;

·       Schedule 3 makes consequential amendments to various Acts to take account of differences between the legislation providing for review by the existing tribunals and the ART Bill;

·       Schedule 4 makes consequential amendments to the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979 ;

·       Schedule 5 adds a new Schedule to the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act, setting out modifications of the ART Bill applicable for the purposes of review of security assessments made under that Act;

·       Schedule 6 makes consequential amendments to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 ;

·       Schedule 7 adds a new Schedule to the Taxation Administration Act, setting out modifications of the ART Bill applicable for the purposes of review of certain decisions made under that Act;

·       Schedule 8 makes consequential amendments to the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986 ;

·       Schedule 9 adds a new Schedule to the Veterans’ Entitlements Act, setting out modifications of the ART Bill applicable for the purposes of review of certain decisions made under that Act;

·       Schedule 10 makes consequential amendments to the Social Security Act 1991 and the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999 ;

·       Schedule 11 replaces Schedule 3 to the Social Security (Administration) Act with a new Schedule, setting out modifications of the ART Bill applicable for the purposes of review of certain decisions made under that Act;

·       Schedule 12 makes consequential amendments to the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) (Administration) Act 1999 ;

·       Schedule 13 adds a new Schedule to the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) (Administration) Act, setting out modifications of the ART Bill applicable for the purposes of review of certain decisions made under that Act;

·       Schedule 14 makes consequential amendments to the Migration Act 1958 , the Australian Citizenship Act 1948 and the Immigration (Guardianship of Children) Act 1946 ;

·       Schedule 15 makes provision for the transition from the AAT to the ART;

·       Schedule 16 makes provision for the transition from the MRT and RRT to the ART;

·       Schedule 17 makes provision for the transition from the SSAT to the ART; and

·       Schedule 18 amends the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976 in its application to certain specified matters coming before the Federal Court from a tribunal or authority (other than a court) constituted by, or including amongst its members, a judge.

4.Financial impact statement

The explanatory memorandum to the ART Bill includes a financial impact statement for the establishment of the ART.

5.Notes on clauses

1.Clause 1: Short title

1.                This clause is a formal provision specifying the short title of the ART (CTP) Bill.

2.Clause 2: Commencement

1.                This clause specifies when different clauses of the ART (CTP) Bill, and items of the Schedules to the Bill, will commence.  Most provisions of the ART (CTP) Bill commence by reference to the commencement of various provisions of the ART Bill.

2.                Clause 2 of the ART Bill provides that, on the day that that Bill receives Royal Assent, the following provisions of that Bill commence:

·       Part 1 (preliminary);

·       Part 2 (establishment, structure and membership of the Tribunal);

·       Part 3 (administration of the Tribunal);

·       Part 11 (Administrative Review Council); and

·       Part 12 (regulations).

3.                Clause 2 of the ART Bill also provides that Parts 4 to 10 of that Bill commence on a day to be fixed by Proclamation (subject to a default provision).  Those Parts provide for the ART to review decisions, and for appeals and references of questions of law from the Tribunal to the Federal Court (and the transfer of appeals from the Federal Court to the Federal Magistrates Court), and for various related matters.

4.                Clause 2 of the ART (CTP) Bill provides that the following provisions of the Bill commence on the day on which the ART Bill receives the Royal Assent:

·       clause 1 (short title);

·       clause 2 (commencement);

·       clause 3 (which repeals Part V of the AAT Act, dealing with the Administrative Review Council);

·       Part 1 of Schedule 15 (definitions etc.); and

·       Part 11 of Schedule 15 (Administrative Review Council appointments, performance of functions etc. unaffected by repeal of Part V of AAT Act).

5.                Subclause 2(2) of the ART (CTP) Bill provides that the remaining provisions of the Bill, with the exceptions set out in subclauses 2(3) to (9), commence on the day on which Parts 4 to 10 of the ART Bill commence: jurisdiction commencement day .

6.                While the ART will be established as soon as the ART Bill receives the Royal Assent, the Tribunal will have no power to review decisions until the jurisdiction commencement day, at which time provisions of the ART (CTP) Bill will effect the abolition of the existing tribunals and the conferral of jurisdiction on the new Tribunal.

7.                During the period between the ART Bill receiving Royal Assent and the jurisdiction commencement day, it is intended that the President, executive members and the Chief Executive Officer of the ART will be appointed to make preparations for commencement of the Tribunal’s review jurisdiction.  Because Part 12 of the ART Bill will commence on Royal Assent, appropriate regulations can be made under that Bill before the jurisdiction commencement day.

8.                Some of the provisions amended by Schedules 1 to 3 of the ART (CTP) Bill may not have commenced by the jurisdiction commencement day .  Where this occurs, subclauses 2(3) to (9) of the Bill make express provision in relation to each of those provisions so that each amending item commences immediately after the commencement of the relevant provision.

3.Clause 3: Repeal of Administrative Review Council provisions of Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act

1.                This clause repeals Part V of the AAT Act, which establishes and makes provision for the Administrative Review Council.  Part 11 of the ART Bill re-establishes the Council and makes provision for its continuing operation.  Part V is repealed before the rest of the AAT Act so that its repeal can be effected at the same time as the commencement of Part 11 of the ART Bill.

4.Clause 4: Repeal of Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act

1.                This clause repeals the AAT Act, which established and makes provision for the operations of the AAT.  (Note that clause 3 will separately repeal Part V of that Act before this clause commences: see clause 2.)

5.Clause 5: Schedule(s)

1.                This clause provides that each Act that is specified in a Schedule to the ART (CTP) Bill is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the various Schedules.



6.Clause 6: Regulations

1.                This clause allows regulations to be made that are consequential on the enactment of the ART Bill and the repeals and amendments made by the Schedules to the ART (CTP) Bill.

2.                It also allows the making of regulations of a transitional or saving nature arising from the transition from the AAT Act to the ART Bill or from the repeals and amendments made by the Schedules to the ART (CTP) Bill, or by consequential regulations.

3.                The consequential regulations are expressly able to amend Acts and those amendments are, for the purposes of the Amendments Incorporation Act 1905 , to be treated as if they had been made by an Act.  This provision will ensure that any necessary consequential amendments that are inadvertently not provided for in this Bill can be made without the need for the enactment of another Act.  Similar provision was made by subsection 14(5) of the Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999 (the cognate Act to the Public Service Act 1999 ) which, like this Bill, made straightforward amendments to a very large number of Acts.

4.                For a year after the commencement of this clause (on the jurisdiction commencement day: see clause 2), regulations made under it may commence on a day earlier than the day on which they are made, though not earlier than the day that this clause commences.  This provides a limited period during which consequential, transitional or savings regulations can be made with retrospective effect.



6.Notes on schedules

7.Schedule 1—Amendment of Acts to replace references to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal with references to the Administrative Review Tribunal

8.Item  1: Amendment of Acts

1.                This item provides that the specified provisions of the Acts listed in this Schedule are amended by replacing references to the AAT with references to the ART.

9.Items 2 to 579

1.                These items specify the provisions that are amended as provided in item 1.

10.Schedule 2—Amendment of Acts to replace references to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 with references to the Administrative Review Tribunal Act 2000

11.Item  1: Amendment of Acts

1.                This item provides that the specified provisions of the Acts listed in this Schedule are amended by replacing references to the AAT Act with references to the ART Bill.

12.Items 2 to 316

1.                These items specify the provisions that are amended as provided in item 1.



13.Schedule 3—Consequential amendments of various Acts

1.                This Schedule makes consequential amendments to various Acts to take account of differences between the legislation providing for review by the existing tribunals and the ART Bill.  In some cases these amendments bring the language of various provisions into line with the language of the ART Bill.  In other cases, the amendments take account of structural differences between the existing tribunals and the ART.

14.ACIS Administration Act 1999

15.Item  1: Paragraph 113(1)(a)

16.Item  2: Paragraph 113(1)(b)

17.Item  3: Subsection 113(1)

1.                These items change references (including a reference in a heading) to the AAT to references to the ART.

18.Item  4: Subsection 113(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

19.Item  5: Subsection 113(3)

20.Item  6: Subsection 113(4)

21.Item  7: Paragraph 113(4)(a)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

22.Adelaide Airport Curfew Act 2000

23.Item  8: Subsection 9(7) (note)

24.Item  9: Subsection 11(7) (note)

1.                These notes are replaced with notes, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

25.Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977

26.Item  10: Paragraph 13(11)(a)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

27.Aged Care Act 1997

28.Item  11: Subsection 85-4(6) (note)

29.Item  12: Subsection 85-5(7) (note)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

30.Aged or Disabled Persons Care Act 1954

31.Item  13: Paragraph 10(H)(6)(c)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

32.Agricultural and Veterinary Chemical Products (Collection of Interim Levy) Act 1994

33.Item  14: Subsection 15(9)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

34.Item  15: Subsection 15(10)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

35.Agricultural and Veterinary Chemical Products (Collection of Levy) Act 1994

36.Item  16: Subsection 18(9)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

37.Item  17: Subsection 18(10)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

38.Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Administration) Act 1992

39.Item  18: Paragraph 69D(1C)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

40.Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994

41.Item  19: Paragraph 168(1)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

42.Air Navigation Act 1920

43.Item  20: Paragraph 23A(2)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

44.A New Tax System (Australian Business Number) Act 1999

45.Item  21: Subsection 13(1) (note)

46.Item  22: Subsection 18(2) (note 1)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

47.Item  23: After subsection 21(1)

1.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of any decision of the Registrar of the Australian Business Register covered by subsection 21(1) of the A New Tax System (Australian Business Number) Act 1999 .

48.Item  24: Subsection 21(2)

1.                This item maintains provisions under the AAT legislation that the Registrar of the Australian Business Register must register, on an interim basis, an applicant for an Australian Business Number pending the Tribunal’s review of the Registrar’s refusal to register the applicant for an Australian Business Number.  This provision is also amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

49.Item  25: Subsection 21(3)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

50.Item  26: Paragraph 22(1)(d)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.  This item maintains provisions under the AAT legislation that the Registrar of the Australian Business Register must notify a person, whose interests are affected by a decision under section 21 of the A New Tax System (Australian Business Number) Act 1999 , of their right to request a statement of reasons under clause 57 of the ART Bill.

51.Item  27: Subsection 27A(2)

1.                This item maintains provisions under the AAT legislation that the Registrar of the Australian Business Register must not disclose the details that are the subject of the application pending the determination of the application for review made under subsection 27A(1) of the A New Tax System (Australian Business Number) Act 1999 .  This provision is also amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

52.Item  28: Paragraph 27B(1)(d)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.  This item maintains provisions under the AAT legislation that the Registrar of the Australian Business Register must notify a person, whose interests are affected by a decision under section 27A of the A New Tax System (Australian Business Number) Act 1999 , of their right to request a statement of reasons under clause 57 of the ART Bill.

53.A New Tax System (Bonuses for Older Australians) Act 1999

54.Item  29: Subsection 53(4) (note)

1.                This note is replaced with a note, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

55.Item  30: After subsection 53(4)

1.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of a decision of the Commissioner of Taxation not to make a determination under section 53 of the A New Tax System (Bonuses for Older Australians) Act 1999.

56.Archives Act 1983

57.Item  31: Subsection 40(11)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

58.Item  32: Subsection 43(3)

1.                This provision is amended as current references to section 43(4) are no longer valid.

59.Item  33: Subsection 43(4)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

60.Item  34: Subsection 43(5)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

61.Item  35: Subsection 43(6)

1.                Subsection 40(5) of the Archives Act 1983 makes provision for notification of a decision to refuse to grant access to a record.  Accordingly, clause 57 of the ART Bill is disapplied in relation to applications to the ART under section 43.

62.Item  36: After section 43

63.New section 43A: Security Appeals Division review of decisions about ASIO records

1.                This provision is made to ensure that reviews of decisions involving ASIO records are conducted in a secure manner within the Security Appeals Division of the ART.

64.New section 43B: Review of decisions about ASIO records

1.                Subsection 40(5) of the Archives Act 1983 makes provision for notification of a decision to refuse to grant access to a record.  Accordingly, clause 57 of the ART Bill is disapplied in relation to applications to the ART under section 43.

2.                This provision requires that the ART be constituted in a particular way when reviewing decisions about access to a record of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation.  This requirement reflects the significance of appeals involving Australian Security Intelligence Organisation matters.  (There was an analogous constitution requirement for review of such decisions by the AAT, but this has had to be amended because the prescribed AAT membership has no direct equivalent in the ART.)

65.Item  37: Subsection 44(1)

1.                This item omits a reference which is obsolete.

66.Item  38: Subsection 44(3)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

67.Item  39: Section 46

68.New section 46: Constitution of Tribunal for purposes of determination under subsection 44(5) or (6)

1.                This provision requires that the ART is constituted at a senior level when reviewing decisions made under subsections 44(5) and (6).  This ensures that decisions involving extremely sensitive national security, defence or international relations records created by defence, security and intelligence agencies are reviewed by appropriately experienced members.  (There was an analogous constitution requirement for review of such decisions by the AAT, but this has had to be amended because the prescribed AAT membership has no direct equivalent in the ART.)

69.Item  40: Subsection 47(2)

1.                This provision (including the heading) is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

70.Item 41: Paragraph 47(2)(a)

71.Item  42: Paragraph 47(2)(b)

72.Item  43: Subsection 47(3)

73.Item  44: Paragraphs 47(3)(a) and (b)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

74.Item  45: Subsection 47(4)

1.                This provision is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

75.Item 46: Paragraph 47(4)(a)

76.Item  47: Paragraph 47(4)(a)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

77.Item 48: Subparagraphs 47(4)(b)(i) and (ii)

1.                This provision is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

78.Item 49: Subparagraph 47(4)(b)(ii)

79.Item  50: Paragraph 47(4)(c)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

80.Item  51: Paragraph 47(4)(c)

1.                This provision is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

81.Item 52: Section 48

1.                This section is obsolete because it refers to the Tribunal constituted by one or more judges, and provides for the resolution of disagreements between members of the Tribunal.  The ART will not be required, or expressly permitted, by the ART Bill to be constituted by, or to include among its members, a person who is a judge.  (Note that clause 89 of the ART Bill provides for the resolution of disagreements between members constituting the Tribunal.)

82.Item  53: Subsection 49(1)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

83.Item  54: Subsections 49(2) and (3)

1.                This provision is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

84.Item 55: Section 50

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.  This provision is also amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

85.Item  56: Paragraph 50(b)

86.Item  57: Paragraph 50(b)

87.Item  58: Section 51

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

88.Item  59: Section 52

89.New section 52: Tribunal must ensure non-disclosure of certain matters

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, that uses the same language as the ART Bill.

90.Item  60: Subsection 53(1)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

91.Item  61: Subsection 53(1)

92.Item  62: Subsection 53(1)

93.Item  63: Subsection 53(2)

94.Item  64: Subsection 53(3)

95.Item  65: Subsection 53(4)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

96.Item  66: Subsection 53(5)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

97.Item  67: Subsections 53(6) and (7)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

98.Item  68: Section 54

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

99.Australia New Zealand Food Authority Act 1991

100.Item  69: Paragraph 13A(4)(b)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

101.Item  70: Paragraph 15A(2)(b)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

102.Item  71: Paragraph 64(1)(d)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

103.Australian Federal Police Act 1979

104.Item  72: Section 12B (definition of nominated AAT member )

1.                This item repeals the definition of ‘nominated AAT member’.  Item 73 inserts a new definition of ‘nominated ART member’.

105.Item  73: Section 12B

1.                This item defines a nominated ART member for the purposes of the listening devices provisions in the Australian Federal Police Act 1979 .

106.Item  74: Section 12DA

107.New section 12DA: Nominated ART members may issue warrants for use of listening devices

1.                New section 12DA enables the Minister to nominate a member of the ART to issue warrants pursuant to section 12G of the Australian Federal Police Act 1979 .  The nomination of an ART member to issue listening device warrants is conditional upon the ART member being a legal practitioner of a court of Australia for a period of not less than 5 years.  A nomination ceases to have effect when that person ceases to be a member of the ART or if the Minister withdraws the nomination.  A nominated member of the ART, in performing the function to issue a listening device warrant under the Australian Federal Police Act, has the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court has in relation to proceedings in the High Court.

108.Item  75: Subsection 12G(1)

109.Item  76: Subsection 12G(2)

110.Item  77: Subsection 12G(4)

111.Item  78: Subsections 12G(6), (7) and (8)

112.Item  79: Section 12H

1.                These items change references to ‘nominated AAT member’ to references to ‘nominated ART member’.

113.Australian Horticultural Corporation Act 1987

114.Item  80: Subsection 122(6)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.  The provision also reflects that ‘orders’ (within the meaning of this legislation) are better characterised as subordinate legislation for the purposes of the ART Bill.

115.Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998

116.Item  81: Subsection 40(3) (note)

117.Item  82: Subsection 42(3) (note)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

118.Australian Sports Drug Agency Act 1990

119.Item  83: Paragraph 16(3)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to an order made under section 41 of the AAT Act to a reference to a direction given under clause 121 of the ART Bill.

120.Item  84: Paragraph 16(3)(b)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

121.Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation Act 1980

122.Item  85: Paragraph 8(2C)(b)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

123.Item  86: Subsection 8(2F)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

124.Item  87: Paragraph 40X(2)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

125.Item  88: Subsection 40Y(2)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

126.Bankruptcy Act 1966

127.Item  89: Subsection 282(2) (note)

128.Item  90: Subsection 283(2) (note)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

129.Bounty (Books) Act 1986

130.Item  91: Subsection 33(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

131.Bounty (Computers) Act 1984

132.Item  92: Subsection 32(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

133.Bounty (Fuel Ethanol) Act 1994

134.Item  93: Subsection 5(1) (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

135.Item  94: Subsection 5(1) (definition of AAT Act )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

136.Item  95: Subsection 5(1)

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

137.Item  96: Subsection 5(1)

1.                This defines ‘ART Act’.

138.Item  97: Subsection 61(1)

139.Item  98: Subsection 61(2)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

140.Bounty (Machine Tools and Robots) Act 1985

141.Item  99: Subsection 40(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

142.Bounty (Ships) Act 1989

143.Item  100: Subsection 31(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

144.Broadcasting Services Act 1992

145.Item  101: Paragraph 57(5)(b) of Schedule 6

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

146.Item 102: Part 14 (heading)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT in the heading to a reference to the ART.

147.Item  103: Clause 2 of Schedule 4 (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

148.Item  104: Clause 2 of Schedule 4

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

149.Item  105: Subclause 62(1) of Schedule 4

1.                This item changes references to the AAT (including the reference in the heading) to references to the ART.

150.Item  106: Subclause 62(3) of Schedule 4

151.Item  107: Subclause 62(5) of Schedule 4

152.Item  108: Subclause 62(7) of Schedule 4

153.Item  109: Subclause 62(9) of Schedule 4

154.Item  110: Paragraph 63(b) of Schedule 4

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

155.Item  111: Clause 3 of Schedule 5 (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

156.Item  112: Clause 3 of Schedule 5

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

157.Item  113: Subclause 92(1) of Schedule 5

1.                This item changes references to the AAT (including the reference in the heading) to references to the ART.

158.Item  114: Subclause 92(3) of Schedule 5

159.Item  115: Paragraph 93(b) of Schedule 5

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

160.Child Support (Assessment) Act 1989

161.Item  116: Section 5 (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

162.Item  117: Section 5

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

163.Item  118: Paragraph 64A(6)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill, and the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

164.Item  119: Paragraph 64A(6)(c)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

165.Item  120: Part 6B (heading)

1.                This item amends the heading of Part 6B so that it refers to the ‘ART’ rather than the ‘AAT’.

166.Item  121: Paragraph 98W(1)(b)

167.Item  122: Subsection 98W(2)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

168.Item  123: Subsection 98ZE(4)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

169.Item  124: Subsection 98ZE(7)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

170.Item  125: Subsection 98ZF(1)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT (including the reference in the heading) to references to the ART.

171.Item  126: Subsections 98ZG(1) and (2)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

172.Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988

173.Item  127: Subsection 96(1)

174.Item  128: Subsection 96(2)

175.Item  129: Subsection 98(4)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

176.Coal Excise Act 1949

177.Item 130: At the end of section 27A

1.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of decisions of the Chief Executive Officer of Customs or a Collector, covered by section 27A of the Coal Excise Act 1949 .

178.Coal Mining Industry (Long Service Leave) Payroll Levy Collection Act 1992

179.Item  131: Paragraph 8(5)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

180.Commerce (Trade Descriptions) Act 1905

181.Item  132: Subsection 15(2) (note)

1.                This note is replaced with a note explaining that the ART Bill extends the ordinary meaning of ‘decision’ .

182.Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918

183.Item  133: Subsection 141(6)

1.                This provision is replaced with provisions that require that the ART be constituted in a particular way when reviewing decisions made by the Electoral Commission, referred to in subsection 141(5) of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 .  As the chairperson of the Electoral Commission is either a Federal Court judge or retired Federal Court judge, subsection 141(6) currently requires that the AAT, when reviewing these decisions, be constituted by three presidential members who are Federal Court judges.  The ART will not be required, or expressly permitted, by the ART Bill to be constituted by, or to include among its members, a person who is a judge.  Accordingly, the most appropriate composition of the ART when reviewing decisions of the Electoral Commission is as set out in the amended subsection 141(6).

184.Copyright Act 1968

185.Item  134: Paragraph 195B(2)(c)

186.Item  135: Paragraph 195B(3)(b)

1.                These provisions are replaced with provisions, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

187.Customs Act 1901

188.Item  136: Paragraph 164AF(3)(a)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

189.Item  137: Subsection 219A(1) (definition of nominated AAT member )

1.                This item repeals the definition of ‘nominated AAT member’.  Item 138 inserts a new definition of ‘nominated ART member’.

190.Item  138: Subsection 219A(1)

1.                This item defines a nominated ART member for the purposes of the listening devices provisions in the Customs Act 1901 .

191.Item  139: Section 219AB

192.New section 219AB: Nominated ART members may issue warrants for use of listening devices

1.                New section 219AB enables the Minister to nominate a member of the ART to issue warrants pursuant to section 219B of the Customs Act 1901 .  The nomination of an ART member to issue listening device warrants is conditional upon the ART member being a legal practitioner of a court of Australia for a period of not less than 5 years.  A nomination ceases to have effect when that person ceases to be a member of the ART or if the Minister withdraws the nomination.  A nominated member of the ART, in performing the function to issue a listening device warrant under the Customs Act, has the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court has in relation to proceedings in the High Court.

193.Item  140: Subsections 219B(5) to (9)

194.Item  141: Section 219C

195.Item  142: Section 219H

196.Item  143: Subsection 219K(1)

197.Item  144: Subsection 219ZL(4)

1.                These items change references to ‘nominated AAT member’ to references to ‘nominated ART member’.

198.Item  145: Subsection 219ZL(5)

1.                This item repeals subsection 219ZL(5) which defined ‘nominated AAT member’, and substitutes a new subsection 219ZL(5).  The new subsection 219ZL(5) defines ‘nominated ART member’ to mean a member of the ART in respect of whom a nomination is in force under section 219AB to issue warrants under section 219B for the use of listening devices.

199.Item  146: Paragraph 269SHA(2)(c)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

200.Item  147: Subsection 269SHA(3)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

201.Item  148: Subsection 269SHA(4)

202.Item  149: Subsection 269SHA(5)

203.Item  150: Paragraph 269SHA(5)(b)

204.Item  151: Subsection 269SHA(5)

205.Item  152: Subsection 269SHA(5)

206.Item  153: Subsection 269SHA(6)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

207.Dairy Produce Act 1986

208.Item  154: Subclause 25(4) of Schedule 2

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

209.Item  155: Subclause 25(7) of Schedule 2

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

210.Debits Tax Administration Act 1982

211.Item  156: After subsection 25(3)

1.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of a decision of the Commissioner of Taxation under subsection 25(1) of the Debits Tax Administration Act 1982 to refuse or grant an application made under subsection 24(1) of the Debits Tax Administration Act 1982 .

212.Item  157: After subsection 25B(2)

1.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review a decision of the Commissioner of Taxation on an objection pursuant to a request under section 23 of the Debits Tax Administration Act 1982 .

213.Item  158: Section 25E

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

214.Defence Act 1903

215.Item  159: Subsection 4(1) (definition of AAT )

216.Item  160: Subsection 4(1) (definition of AAT Act )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), these definitions are obsolete.

217.Item  161: Subsection 4(1)

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

218.Item  162: Subsection 4(1)

1.                This defines ‘ART Act’.

219.Item  163: Section 61CZB

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

220.Item  164: Section 61CZC

221.New section 61CZC: ART Act to apply subject to modifications

1.                The Defence Act 1903 provides for the establishment of a Conscientious Objection Tribunal to determine whether an applicant is exempt from service because of conscientious beliefs.  This item provides that the ART Bill applies in relation to the review of a determination of the Conscientious Objection Tribunal, subject to certain modifications set out in this item.

222.Item  165: Section 61CZD

223.Item  166: Section 61CZE

1.                Part 10 of the ART Bill provides for appeals from the ART to the Federal Court.  Accordingly, these provisions are unnecessary.

224.Designs Act 1906

225.Item  167: Part VIC (heading)

1.                This item changes the heading of Part VIC to reflect the fact that review will now be conducted by the ART rather than the AAT.

226.Item  168: Paragraph 40K(2)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART and changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

227.Item  169: Subsection 40K(3)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

228.Development Allowance Authority Act 1992

229.Item  170: Section 93AA (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

230.Item  171: Section 93AA

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

231.Item  172: Paragraph 112(3)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.  This item also changes the reference in the heading to subsection 112(4) to the AAT to a reference to the ART

232.Item  173: Subsection 113(3)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.  This item also changes the reference in the heading to subsection 113(4) to the AAT to a reference to the ART

233.Item  174: Subsection 120(1)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.  This item also changes the reference in the heading to this section to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

234.Item  175: Subsection 120(2)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

235.Item  176: Subsection 120(3)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

236.Item  177: Subsection 120(3)

237.Item  178: Paragraph 121(1)(b)

238.Item  179: Subsection 121(2)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

239.Diesel and Alternative Fuels Grants Scheme Act 1999

240.Item  180: Subsection 8(1) (note)

1.                This note is replaced with a note which refers to the requirement under clause 56 of the ART Bill that a statement must be sent to the applicant notifying them of their right to have the decision of the Commissioner of Taxation made under subsection 8(1) of the Diesel and Alternative Fuels Grants Scheme Act 1999 to be reviewed in the ART.

241.Disability Services Act 1986

242.Item  181: Subsection 26(5) (note)

1.                This item changes the reference in the note to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

243.Item  182: Subsection 26(5) (note)

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this reference to the Code of Practice under section 27B of that Act is obsolete.

244.Distillation Act 1901

245.Item 183: After subsection 82B(1)

246.Item 184: Subsection 82B(2)

1.                These items provide that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of decisions of the Chief Executive Officer of Customs or a Collector, covered by section 82B of the Distillation Act 1901 .

247.Education Services for Overseas Students (Registration of Providers and Financial Regulation) Act 1991

248.Item  185: Paragraph 14(2)(b)

249.Item  186: Subsection 14(3)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

250.Electronic Transactions Act 1999

251.Item  187: Subsection 13(4)

1.                Subsection 13(4) of the Electronic Transactions Act 1999 exempts the practice and procedure of courts and tribunals from the provisions of the Electronic Transactions Act 1999 .  This item amends subsection 13(4) to ensure that the provisions of the Electronic Transactions Act 1999 will apply to the practice and procedure of the ART.  The purpose of this amendment is to ensure that electronic communications can be used when dealing with the ART.

252.Environmental Reform (Consequential Provisions) Act 1999

253.Item  188: Subitem 9(1) of Schedule 2

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.  This item also amends the heading to item 9 to change the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

254.Item  189: Subitem 9(1) of Schedule 2 (note)

1.                This note is replaced with a note, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

255.Item  190: Subitem 9(2) of Schedule 2

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

256.Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

257.Item  191: Paragraph 472(2)(b)

258.Item  192: Subsection 473(2)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

259.Excise Act 1901

260.Item  193: After subsection 162C(1)

1.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of decisions of the Chief Executive Officer of Customs or a Collector, covered by section 162C of the Excise Act 1901 .

261.Export Control Act 1982

262.Item 194: Subsection 25(8)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.  The provision also reflects that ‘orders’ (within the meaning of this legislation) are better characterised as subordinate legislation for the purposes of the ART Bill.

263.Export Market Development Grants Act 1997

264.Item  195: Subsection 83(3)

1.                This item changes the inclusion of ‘AAT’ in the definition of a court to inclusion of ‘ART’.

265.Item  196: Subsection 98(4) (note)

1.                This item emphasises that applicants must be notified of their review rights.

266.Federal Proceedings (Costs) Act 1981

267.Item  197: Title

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

268.Item  198: Section 10A

1.                The ART Bill contains mechanisms for the reconstitution of the Tribunal in circumstances where a member becomes unavailable (see clause 70) and for the resolution of disagreements between members of the Tribunal (see clause 89) without requiring the review of the decision to be reheard.  Therefore, the circumstances referred to in section 10A of this Act under which a costs certificate in respect of the application for review may be granted are no longer applicable and the provision is redundant.

269.Financial Institutions Supervisory Levies Collection Act 1998

270.Item  199: Subsection 27(7)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

271.Item  200: Subsection 27(8)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

272.Item  201: Paragraph 27(9)(b)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

273.Fisheries Management Act 1991

274.Item  202: Subsection 165(8)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

275.Item  203: Subsection 165(9)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

276.Item  204: Subsection 165(10)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

277.Freedom of Information Act 1982

278.Item  205: Subparagraph 26A(2)(b)(ia)

279.Item  206: Subparagraph 27(2)(b)(ia)

280.Item  207: Subparagraph 27A(2)(b)(ia)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.  These items also amend the subparagraphs so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

281.Item  208: Subsection 55(4)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

282.Item  209: Subsection 56(5)

283.Item  210: Subsection 58(1)

284.Item  211: Subsection 58(2)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

285.Item  212: Paragraph 58(7)(a)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ‘Tribunal’—that is, the ART: see subsection 4(1) of the Freedom of Information Act 1982 ( FOI Act ).

286.Item  213: Section 58B

287.New section 58B: Constitution of Tribunal for purposes of subsection 58(4), (5) or (5A)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision that requires that the ART is constituted at a senior level when dealing with a request made in accordance with subsection 58(4), (5) or (5A): that is, in certificate cases.  This requirement reflects the exceptional circumstances of certificate cases.  (There was an analogous constitution requirement in relation to certificate cases in the AAT, but this has had to be amended because the prescribed AAT membership has no direct equivalent in the ART.)

288.Item  214: Subsection 58C(2)

1.                This provision (including the heading) is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

289.Item  215: Paragraph 58C(2)(a)

290.Item  216: Paragraph 58C(2)(b)

291.Item  217: Subsection 58C(3)

292.Item  218: Paragraphs 58C(3)(a) and (b)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

293.Item  219: Subsection 58C(4)

1.                This provision is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

294.Item  220: Paragraph 58C(4)(a)

295.Item  221: Paragraph 58C(4)(a)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

296.Item  222: Subparagraphs 58C(4)(b)(i) and (ii)

1.                This provision is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

297.Item 223: Subparagraph 58C(4)(b)(ii)

298.Item  224: Paragraph 58C(4)(c)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

299.Item  225: Paragraph 58C(4)(c)

1.                This provision is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

300.Item 226: Section 58D

1.                This section is obsolete because it refers to the Tribunal constituted by one or more judges, and provides for the resolution of disagreements between members of the Tribunal.  The ART will not be required, or expressly permitted, by the ART Bill to be constituted by, or to include among its members, a person who is a judge.  (Note that clause 89 of the ART Bill provides for the resolution of disagreements between members constituting the Tribunal.)

301.Item 227: Subsection 58E(1)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

302.Item  228: Subsections 58E(2) and (3)

1.                This provision is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

303.Item 229: Subsection 58F(2A)

304.Item  230: Subsection 59(2A)

305.Item  231: Subsection 59A(2A)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

306.Item  232: Section 60

307.New section 60: Participants

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, that uses the same language as the ART Bill.

308.Item  233: Subsection 61(1)

309.Item  234: Subsection 61(2)

310.Item  235: Subsection 61(2)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

311.Item  236: Subsection 62(1)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.  The heading is also amended to reflect this change.

312.Item  237: Section 63

313.New section 63: Tribunal must ensure non-disclosure of certain matters

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, that uses the same language as the ART Bill.

314.Item  238: Subsection 64(1)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.  The inclusion of the words ‘or preparing to conduct’ is consequential to item 243.

315.Item  239: Subsection 64(1)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

316.Item  240: Subsection 64(1)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

317.Item  241: After subsection 64(1)

1.                This provision implements, in relation to the ART, Recommendation 86 of the 1995 joint report of the Australian Law Reform Commission and the Administrative Review Council entitled ‘Open government: a review of the federal Freedom of Information Act 1982 ’.  Recommendation 86 is that the FOI Act should be amended to prohibit the AAT from disclosing to any person, including the applicant’s legal representative, documents that are claimed to be exempt, whether they were provided to the AAT under section 64 of the FOI Act or not.  Documents may be provided voluntarily to the AAT, rather than under section 64.  This provision does not prevent members of the ART constituted for the purposes of the review or staff members of the ART from inspecting or having access to the documents for the purposes of the review.

318.Item  242: Subsection 64(2)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

319.Item  243: After subsection 64(2)

1.                This provision implements, in relation to the ART, Recommendation 85 of the 1995 joint report of the Australian Law Reform Commission and the Administrative Review Council entitled ‘Open government: a review of the federal Freedom of Information Act 1982 ’.  Recommendation 85 is that section 64 of the FOI Act should be amended to make it clear that the AAT can, at any time after the date by which an agency must have complied with section 37 of the AAT Act, require production to the AAT of documents claimed by the agency to be exempt.  This provision enables the ART, in making an order for the purposes of subsection 64(1), (2) or (4), to require the production of a relevant document at any time later than 28 days after the decision-maker was given notice of the application, even if the ART has not begun to hear argument or otherwise deal with the matter.

320.Item  244: Subsection 64(3)

321.Item  245: Subsection 64(4)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

322.Item  246: Subsection 64(5)

323.Item  247: Subsection 64(6)

1.                These provisions are amended as a consequence of item 241.

324.Item  248: Subsection 64(6)

325.Item  249: Subsection 64(7)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

326.Item  250: Subsection 64(8)

1.                This item changes a reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.  This item is also consequential to item 241.

327.Item  251: Section 65

328.Item  252: Subsection 66(1)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

329.Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 19 86

330.Item  253: Subsection 133(4)

1.                This provision is amended so that it replaces references to the officers of the AAT with references to the relevant officers of the ART.

331.Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975

332.Item  254: Subsection 3(1) (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

333.Item  255: Subsection 3(1)

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

334.Item  256: Subsection 39M(1)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT (including the reference in the heading) to references to the ART.

335.Item  257: Subsection 39M(2)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

336.Item  258: Subsection 39M(3)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

337.Item  259: Subsection 39M(3)

338.Item  260: Paragraph 39N(1)(b)

339.Item  261: Subsection 39N(2)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

340.Hazardous Waste (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1989

341.Item  262: Paragraph 58(1)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

342.Item  263: Subsection 58(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.  The effect of the amendment is to provide that a decision-maker does not have to give a statement of reasons to a person who requests one, if subclause 57(3) of the ART Bill applies.  Subclause 57(3) applies where:

·       the person has already been given a statement of reasons;

·       the decision itself sets out the things required to be in a statement of reasons;

·       the person was given a document setting out the terms of the decision and did not request a statement of reasons within 28 days of receiving that document; or

·       the person was not given written notice of the terms of the decision and did not request a statement of reasons within a reasonable time after the decision was made.

343.Health and Other Services (Compensation) Act 1995

344.Item  264: Subsection 33G(1) (note)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with the reference to a provision of the AAT Act changed to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

345.Item  265: Subsection 33G(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

346.Health Insurance Act 1973

347.Item  266: Subsection 20AB(4) (note)

348.Item  267: Subsection 20AC(4) (note)

349.Item  268: Subsection 20AD(4) (note)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

350.Item  269: Paragraph 23DC(10)(d)

351.Item  270: Paragraph 23DF(11)(d)

352.Item  271: Subsection 23DL(9)

353.Item  272: Subsection 23DN(7)

354.Item  273: Subsection 23DO(4)

1.                The ART Bill does not preclude the making of an application to the ART on behalf of a person whose interests are affected by a decision.  Accordingly, these words are not required.

355.Item  274: Subsection 23DZE(1)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

356.Hearing Services Administration Act 1997

357.Item  275: Subparagraph 30(1)(b)(ii)

358.Item  276: Paragraph 34(1)(b)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

359.Higher Education Funding Act 1988

360.Item  277: Subsection 50(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.  This provision is also amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

361.Item  278: Subsection 51(1)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.  The relevant provisions concern the issue of a statement advising an affected person of appeal rights which is to accompany the notification of decisions.

362.Item  279: Subsection 106MA(2)

1.                This provision is amended so that notification of a decision by the Secretary on his or her review of a reconsideration decision must be made to the Chief Executive Officer of the ART.  (The provision previously required that notification be made to the Registrar of the AAT.)

363.Item  280: Subsection 106MA(5)

1.                This provision is repealed as clause 126 of the ART Bill specifies the effect of the decision-maker varying an original decision or the decision-maker setting an original decision aside and making a new decision in substitution for the decision set aside.

364.Item  281: Paragraph 106X(2)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

365.Horticultural Research and Development Corporation Act 1987

366.Item  282: Subsection 81(6)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.  The provision also reflects that ‘orders’ (within the meaning of this legislation) are better characterised as subordinate legislation for the purposes of the ART Bill.

367.Imported Food Control Act 1992

368.Item  283: Subparagraph 42(9)(b)(i)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

369.Income Tax Assessment Act 1936

370.Item  284: Subsection 124K(1D)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

371.Item  285: Subsection 124ZADAB(2)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

372.Item  286: Subsection 159UV(2)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

373.Item  287: Subsection 202F(2)

1.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of any decision of the Commissioner of Taxation covered by subsection 202FA(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 .  This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill, and the reference to a provision of the AAT Act is changed to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

374.Item  288: Subsection 202FA(1)

1.                This item maintains provisions under the AAT legislation that the Registrar of the Australian Business Register notify a person, whose interests are affected by a decision under section 202F of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 , of their right to request a statement of reasons under clause 57 of the ART Bill.  This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

375.Item  289: At the end of section 251QA

1.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of any decision by a Tax Agents’ Board covered by section 251QA of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 .

376.Item  290: Subsection 251QB(1)

1.                This provision is redrafted to enhance ease of understanding, and is amended to replace the reference to the AAT Act with a reference to the ART Bill

377.Item  291: Subsection 265(4)

1.                This provision is amended so that it replaces references to the officers of the AAT with references to the relevant officers of the ART.

378.Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

379.Item  292: Subsection 34-33(4)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

380.Item  293: Subsection 34-33(5)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.  This item maintains provisions under the AAT legislation that the Registrar of the Australian Business Register notify a person, whose interests are affected by a decision under section 34-30(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 , of their right to request a statement of reasons under clause 57 of the ART Bill.

381.Item  294: Section 34-40

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART and changes the reference in the heading to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

382.Item  295: Section 387-90

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

383.Item  296: Section 396-110

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.  This item also changes the reference in the heading to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

384.Item  297: Section 995-1 (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

385.Item  298: Section 995-1

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

386.Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Act 1989

387.Item  299: Subsection 80QC(8)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

388.Item  300: Subsection 80QC(9)

389.Item  301: Paragraph 103(1)(b)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

390.Industry Research and Development Act 1986

391.Item  302: Subsection 39T(2)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

392.Item  303: Subsection 39T(3)

393.Item  304: Paragraph 39T(4)(b)

394.Item  305: Paragraph 39U(3)(b)

395.Item  306: Subsection 39V(1)

396.Item  307: Subsection 39V(2)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

397.Insurance Acquisitions and Takeovers Act 1991

398.Item  308: Subsection 67(2)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

399.Item  309: Subsection 67(3)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

400.Item  310: Subsections 67(4), (5) and (6)

1.                This item inserts a new subsection 67(4) which requires that in reviewing decisions made under the Act, members of the ART (other than the President, an executive member or senior member) must have special knowledge or skill in relation to life insurance business or insurance business.  This is necessary, given the technical nature of issues that may arise in the course of such reviews.

2.                Subsection 67(5) presently requires that non-presidential members must not sit on an AAT panel if they are a director or employee of a life insurance or insurance business.  As presidential members under the AAT Act are either judges or legal practitioners of some standing they either: (i) could not hold such positions, or (ii) would be expected to disqualify themselves from sitting.  The practical effect was that no member would sit on a panel if they were a director or employee of a life insurance or insurance business.  This arrangement is to be continued in relation to the ART so this item changes the subsection to state that no member (including the President) should be able to sit if they are a director or employee of a life insurance or insurance business.  Members will be required to disqualify themselves in such circumstances.  This item also changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

3.                Subsection 67(6) currently provides that a stay order under section 41(2) of the AAT Act can only be given by the Tribunal.  Without that restriction, such an order could also be given by a presidential member.  Clause 121(2) of the ART Bill, the corresponding provision to section 41(2), provides that only the Tribunal can give such directions.  Accordingly, subsection 67(6) is no longer required.

401.Item  311: Paragraph 67(7)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to provisions of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

402.Insurance Act 1973

403.Item  312: Subsection 63(8)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

404.Item  313: Subsection 63(9)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

405.Item  314: Subsections 63(10), (11), (12) and (13)

1.                These provisions are amended to require that the ART be constituted in a particular way when reviewing decisions made under the Act.  Given the technical nature of issues that may arise in the course of such reviews, it is necessary that the Tribunal be constituted by three members, one of whom is the President, an executive member or a senior member.  It is also important that the two other members of the Tribunal have special knowledge or skill in relation to insurance business.

2.                Subsection 63(12) presently requires that non-presidential members must not sit on an AAT panel if they are a director or employee of a life insurance or insurance business.  As presidential members under the AAT Act are either judges or legal practitioners of some standing they either: (i) could not hold such positions, or (ii) would be expected to disqualify themselves from sitting.  The practical effect was that no member would sit on a panel if they were director or employee of a life insurance or insurance business.  This arrangement is to be continued in relation to the ART so this item changes the subsection to state that no member (including the President) should be able to sit if they are a director or employee of a life insurance or insurance business.  Members will be required to disqualify themselves in such circumstances.  This item also changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

3.                Subsection 63(13) provides that a stay order under section 41(2) of the AAT Act can only be given by the Tribunal.  Without that restriction, such an order could also be given by a presidential member.  Clause 121(2) of the ART Bill, the corresponding provision to section 41(2), provides that only the Tribunal can give such directions.  Accordingly, subsection 63(13) is no longer required.

406.Item  315: Paragraph 63(14)(b)

407.Item  316: Subparagraph 93(6)(c)(ii)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

408.Judicial and Statutory Officers (Remuneration and Allowances) Act 1984

409.Item  317: Paragraph 3(2A)(b)

1.                This item repeals this provision and does not substitute a reference to the President of the ART.  Unlike the AAT Act, there is no requirement in the ART Bill that the President of the new tribunal—or any other member—be a judge.  This is in keeping with the government’s goal of creating an informal, non-legalistic environment in the new tribunal.  Following passage of the ART Bill the remuneration of the President of the Tribunal will be determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

410.Lands Acquisition Act 1989

411.Item  318: Paragraphs 28(3)(a) and (b)

1.                Subclause 141(1) of the ART Bill provides for the form and manner for making applications to the Tribunal.

412.Item  319: Subsection 29(2)

1.                Subsection 29(2) of the Act exempts the application of certain provisions of the AAT Act to Ministerial consideration of a pre-acquisition declaration (that is, a declaration that an acquiring authority is considering acquisition of an interest in land, other than a mortgage interest, for a public purpose).  These provisions relate to who may apply for a review of a decision, the manner of applications to the Tribunal, the operation and implementation of a decision that is subject to review and the review powers of the Tribunal.  This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

413.Item  320: Paragraph 31(1)(g)

1.                Subsection 31(1) of the Act specifies the matters that are relevant to a review by the AAT of a pre-acquisition declaration.  (A ‘pre-acquisition declaration’ is explained in paragraph 264 of this memorandum.)  Paragraph 31(1)(g) covers the applicant obtaining a statement of reasons for a decision under provisions of the AAT Act, the lodgement with the Tribunal of reasons by the decision maker for the purposes of review and the power of the Tribunal to obtain additional information for the purposes of review.  This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

414.Item  321: Subsection 32(1)

1.                For the purposes of hearing an application for review of a pre-acquisition declaration, if it appears that the application is frivolous or vexatious, an executive member may dismiss the application, or a non-executive member may adjourn the hearing so that it may be presided over by an executive member.  The intention of this sub-section is that only a most senior member of the Tribunal should dismiss an application for review assessed to be frivolous or vexatious.  This reflects the special nature of property rights in our society, and a concern that access to review not be restricted except by a suitably senior member of the Tribunal.

415.Item  322: Subsection 32(2)

1.                An executive member presiding at the resumption of the adjourned hearing may dismiss the application if he or she considers that it is frivolous or vexatious.

416.Item  323: Subsection 32(3) (definition of presidential member )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

417.Item  324: Subsection 32(3)

1.                In this section, executive member has the meaning given by clause 6 of the ART Bill.

418.Item  325: Subsection 71(2)

1.                This provision is amended to refer to the appropriate subsection.

419.Item  326: Subsection 71(3)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

420.Item  327: Subsection 81(2)

1.                This provision is amended to refer to the appropriate subsection.

421.Item  328: Subsection 81(3)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

422.Item  329: Subsection 99(2)

1.                This provision is amended to refer to the appropriate subsection.

423.Item  330: Subsection 99(3)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

424.Item  331: Subsection 107(2)

1.                This provision is amended to refer to the appropriate subsection.

425.Item  332: Subsection 107(3)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

426.Item  333: Subsection 131(1)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, that uses the same language as the ART Bill and changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.  The heading of the section is also amended to reflect these changes.

427.Item  334: Subsection 131(3)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

428.Life Insurance Act 1995

429.Item  335: Subsection 236(9)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

430.Item  336: Subsection 236(10)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

431.Item  337: Section 237

432.New section 237: Constitution and procedure of Tribunal

1.                This new section requires that the ART be constituted in a particular way when reviewing decisions made under the Act.  Given the technical nature of issues that may arise in the course of such reviews, it is necessary that the Tribunal be constituted by three members, one of whom is the President, an executive member or a senior member.  It is also important that the two other members of the Tribunal have special knowledge or skill in relation to life insurance business.

2.                Subsection 237(3) currently requires that non-presidential members must not sit on an AAT panel if they are a director or employee of a life insurance or insurance business.  As presidential members under the AAT Act are either judges or legal practitioners of some standing they either: (i) could not hold such positions, or (ii) would be expected to disqualify themselves from sitting.  The practical effect was that no member would sit on a panel if they were a director or employee of a life insurance or insurance business.  This arrangement is to be continued in relation to the ART so the substituted subsection states that no member (including the President) should be able to sit if they are a director or employee of a life insurance or insurance business.  Members will be required to disqualify themselves in such circumstances.

3.                Subsection 237(4) currently provides that a stay order under section 41(2) of the AAT Act can only be given by the Tribunal.  Without that restriction, such an order could also be given by a presidential member.  Clause 121(2) of the ART Bill, the corresponding provision to section 41(2), provides that only the Tribunal can give such directions.  Accordingly, subsection 237(4) is no longer required and is not replicated in the new section 237.

4.                The new section 237 is otherwise the same as the existing section, amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill, and by replacing references to provisions of the AAT Act with references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

433.Meat Inspection Act 1983

434.Item  338: Subsection 37(7)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.  The provision also reflects that ‘orders’ (within the meaning of this legislation) are better characterised as subordinate legislation for the purposes of the ART Bill.

435.Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989

436.Item  339: Paragraph 40(1)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

437.Mutual Recognition Act 1992

438.Item  340: Paragraph 34(3)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

439.Narcotic Drugs Act 1967

440.Item  341: Subsection 14A(2)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision that requires that the ART is constituted at a senior level when reviewing decisions made under subsection 14A(1) of the Narcotic Drugs Act 1967 .  Review of these decisions involves complex legal and technical matters, with implications that go beyond the consideration of the individual applicant to wider considerations of public health and safety and government policy.  In addition, considerable commercial consequences are often at stake for applicants seeking review of these decisions.  (There was an analogous constitution requirement for review of such decisions by the AAT, but this has had to be amended because the prescribed AAT membership has no direct equivalent in the ART.)

441.National Crime Authority Act 1984

442.Item  342: Schedule 1

1.                This item changes the reference to section 36 of the AAT Act to a reference to clause 101 of the ART Bill, but limits the application of clause 101 so that only the Attorney-General of the Commonwealth can issue a public interest certificate under clause 101 in response to a request for information by the National Crime Authority under section 20 of the National Crime Authority Act 1984 .

2.                In the absence of this limitation, clause 101 would expand the number of persons who can give a public interest certificate in these circumstances to include the Attorney-General of a State, the Australian Capital Territory or the Northern Territory, in addition to the Attorney-General of the Commonwealth.  This limitation ensures that the classes of information or documents that would be precluded from disclosure to the National Crime Authority are not expanded.

443.National Health Act 1953

444.Item  343: Part VIIA (heading)

1.                This item changes the reference in the heading to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

445.Item  344: Paragraph 105AD(3)(e)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

446.Navigation Act 1912

447.Item  345: Paragraph 377M(2)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

448.Offshore Minerals Act 1994

449.Item  346: Section 406 (definition of decision ) (note)

1.                This item repeals a note which is obsolete following the repeal of the AAT Act.

450.Item  347: Paragraph 407(6)(c)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

451.Ombudsman Act 1976

1.                The Commonwealth Ombudsman can investigate the administrative actions of officers of Commonwealth Departments and prescribed authorities.  The AAT is not a prescribed authority, because it can include judges among its members and it would be inappropriate for the Ombudsman to investigate the actions of judicial officers.  However, the AAT Registrar is a prescribed authority.  Accordingly, the Ombudsman can investigate only the administrative actions of the Registrar of the AAT and his or her staff.

2.                It is the Government’s intention that the ART will be a less formal and court-like body.  The ART will not be required, or expressly permitted, by the ART Bill to be constituted by, or to include among its members, a person who is a judge.  Accordingly, the distinction between the AAT and other Commonwealth authorities that justifies the limitation of the Ombudsman’s jurisdiction to investigate the actions of members of the AAT will cease to exist.  The Ombudsman will therefore have jurisdiction to investigate the administrative actions of the ART.

452.Item  348: Subsection 3(1) (paragraph (d) of the definition of chief executive officer of a court or tribunal )

1.                Paragraph 3(1)(d) of the definition ‘chief executive officer of a court or tribunal’ defines that expression to mean the Registrar of the AAT.  The effect of this provision is that the Ombudsman is allowed to investigate complaints about the administrative actions of the Registrar and staff of the AAT.  Other provisions in the Ombudsman Act, such as paragraph (a) of the definition of ‘prescribed authority’ and subsection 3(15), however, make it clear that the Ombudsman is not able to investigate complaints about the President and members of the AAT.

2.                It is intended that the President and members of the ART, as well as the Registrar and staff, will be subject to the Ombudsman’s jurisdiction.  Unlike the AAT, the ART will be a ‘prescribed authority’ as defined in paragraph (a) of the definition of that term in subsection 3(1) of the Ombudsman Act, one effect of which will be to allow the Ombudsman to investigate complaints about members of, or persons employed in, the ART.  Accordingly, it is unnecessary to amend paragraph 3(1)(d) of the definition of ‘chief executive officer of a court or tribunal’, and this item repeals the paragraph.

453.Item  349: After subsection 3(15)

1.                This item inserts a new subsection 3(15A) which provides that subsections 3(14) and (15) do not apply in relation to the ART.

2.                Subsections 3(14) and (15) clarify the way in which the Ombudsman Act operates in relation to certain persons employed in courts and tribunals.  Subsection 3(14) provides that the officers and members of registry staff of a tribunal are taken to be members of the staff of the chief executive officer of the tribunal.  Subsection 3(15) provides that a reference to an officer of a tribunal does not include a member of a tribunal.

3.                To avoid confusion and ensure that the President, members, Chief Executive Officer and staff of the ART will be within the Ombudsman’s jurisdiction, new subsection 3(15A) provides that neither subsection 3(14) nor 3(15) apply in relation to the ART.

454.Item  350: Paragraph 3(18)(b)

1.                Various provisions in the Ombudsman Act allow, or require, the Ombudsman to inform the ‘responsible Minister’ about investigations he or she is conducting into the actions of an agency.  The responsible Minister in most cases is the Minister with portfolio responsibility for the particular agency.  However, paragraph 3(18)(b), read with subsections 3(16) and (17), provides that the ‘responsible Minister’ in relation to matters concerning the Registrar of the AAT is the President of the AAT.

2.                This item repeals paragraph 3(18)(b) because it will become redundant on the repeal of the AAT Act.  The ‘responsible Minister’ for the ART for the purposes of the various provisions in the Ombudsman Act referred to above is the Attorney-General.

455.Item  351: Paragraph 16(5)(b)

1.                Section 16 of the Ombudsman Act allows the Ombudsman in certain circumstances to furnish a copy of a report of an investigation to the Prime Minister.  However, paragraph 16(5)(b) provides in effect that an Ombudsman report under section 16 relating to the Registrar of the AAT is to be provided to the President of the AAT, rather than to the Prime Minister.  It is intended that, in future, reports of investigations into the ART would be furnished to the Prime Minister.

2.                Paragraph 16(5)(b) will become redundant on the repeal of the AAT Act, and this item repeals that paragraph.

456.Ozone Protection Act 1989

457.Item  352: Subsection 67(1)

1.                This item provides that where a person whose interests are affected by a Ministerial decision of a kind listed in section 66 of the Ozone Protection Act 1989 has been given a written notice of that decision, the notice must:

·       include a statement of the person’s right to appeal to the ART if they are dissatisfied with the decision; and

·       include a statement to the effect that the person may request the decision maker to give him or her a statement of reasons for the decision.

2.                This item provides that a decision-maker does not have to give a statement of reasons to a person who requests one, if subclause 57(3) of the ART Bill applies.  Subclause 57(3) applies where:

·       the person has already been given a statement of reasons;

·       the decision itself sets out the things required to be in a statement of reasons;

·       the person was given a document setting out the terms of the decision and did not request a statement of reasons within 28 days of receiving that document; or

·       the person was not given written notice of the terms of the decision and did not request a statement of reasons within a reasonable time after the decision was made.

458.Passports Act 1938

459.Item  353: Subsection 11A(7)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

460.Pay-roll Tax Assessment Act 1941

461.Item  354: After subsection 40C(2)

1.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of decisions of the Commissioner of Taxation covered by section 40C(1) of the Pay-roll Tax Assessment Act 1941 .

462.Item  355: Subsection 70(4)

1.                This provision is amended so that it replaces references to the officers of the AAT with references to the relevant officers of the ART.

463.Pay-roll Tax (Territories) Assessment Act 1971

464.Item  356: Subsection 69(4)

1.                This provision is amended so that it replaces references to the officers of the AAT with references to the relevant officers of the ART.

465.Petroleum Excise (Prices) Act 1987

466.Item  357: Subsection 12(7)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

467.Plant Breeder’s Rights Act 1994

468.Item  358: Subsection 3(1) (definition of AAT )

469.Item  359: Subsection 3(1) (definition of AAT Act )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), these definitions are obsolete.

470.Item  360: Subsection 3(1)

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

471.Item  361: Subsection 3(1)

1.                This defines ‘ART Act’.

472.Item  362: Subsection 19(7) (note)

473.Item  363: Subsection 19(10) (note)

474.Item  364: Subsection 19(11) (note)

475.Item  365: Subsection 21(5) (note)

476.Item  366: Subsection 30(5) (note)

477.Item  367: Subsection 31(6) (note)

478.Item  368: Subsection 34(1) (note)

479.Item  369: Subsection 37(1) (note)

480.Item  370: Subsection 38(5) (note)

481.Item  371: Subsection 39(2) (note)

482.Item  372: Subsection 39(3)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

483.Item  373: Subsection 39(5)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

484.Item  374: Subsection 40(8) (note)

485.Item  375: Subsection 40(12) (note)

486.Item  376: Subsection 41(1) (note)

487.Item  377: Subsection 44(12) (note)

488.Item  378: Paragraph 48(2)(b)

489.Item  379: Subsection 49(3) (note)

490.Item  380: Paragraph 50(6)(a)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

491.Item  381: Subsection 50(7)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

492.Item  382: Subsection 50(10) (note)

493.Item  383: Subsection 77(1)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

494.Item  384: Subsection 77(2)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

495.Item  385: Subsection 77(3)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

496.Item  386: Subsection 77(4) (definition of decision )

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Act.

497.Prawn Export Promotion Act 1995

498.Item  387: Subsection 29(6)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.  The provision also reflects that ‘orders’ (within the meaning of this legislation) are better characterised as subordinate legislation for the purposes of the ART Bill.

499.Primary Industries Levies and Charges Collection Act 1991

500.Item  388: Subsection 31(6)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.  The provision also reflects that ‘orders’ (within the meaning of this legislation) are better characterised as subordinate legislation for the purposes of the ART Bill.

501.Privacy Act 1988

502.Item  389: Subsection 61(3)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision that requires that the ART is constituted at a senior level when reviewing declarations or decisions of the Privacy Commissioner under subsection 61(1).  This requirement reflects the fact that decisions of a senior statutory officer should only be reviewed by members with appropriate seniority.  (There was an analogous constitution requirement for review of such declarations or decisions by the AAT, but this has had to be amended because the prescribed AAT membership has no direct equivalent in the ART.)

503.Private Health Insurance Incentives Act 1998

504.Item  390: Section 19-10 (note)

1.                This note is replaced with a note, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

505.Product Grants and Benefits Administration Act 2000

506.Item  391: Subsection 24A(4) (paragraph (b) of the definition of decision to which this section applies )

1.                This item inserts a reference to the ART.  The reference to the AAT is retained to ensure that this provision applies to past decisions of the AAT.

507.Radiocommunications Act 1992

508.Item  392: Section 5 (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

509.Item  393: Section 5

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

510.Item  394: Paragraph 116(4)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

511.Item  395: Paragraph 128E(5)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

512.Item  396: Subsection 231(7)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

513.Item  397: Paragraph 287(1)(b)

514.Item  398: Paragraph 291(1)(a)

1.                These items change references to the AAT Act to references to the ART Bill, and references to the AAT to references to the ART.

515.Item  399: Paragraph 291(1)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

516.Item  400: Section 292

517.Item  401: Section 292A

518.Item  402: Paragraph 292B(b)

519.Item  403: Paragraph 3(2)(b) of Part 1 of the Schedule

520.Item  404: Paragraph 3(2)(c) of Part 1 of the Schedule

521.Item  405: Paragraph 2(1)(c) of Part 2 of the Schedule

522.Item  406: Subclause 7(1) of Part 2 of the Schedule

1.                These items change references to the AAT (including references in headings) to references to the ART.

523.Item  407: Subclause 7(3) of Part 2 of the Schedule

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

524.Item  408: Subclause 7(4) of Part 2 of the Schedule

525.Item  409: Subclause 7(5) of Part 2 of the Schedule

526.Item  410: Subclause 8(3) of Part 2 of the Schedule

527.Item  411: Subclause 9(4) of Part 2 of the Schedule

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

528.Remuneration and Allowances Act 1990

529.Item  412: Part 3 of clause 2 of Schedule 1 (table row relating to the President of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal)

530.Item  413: Clause 3 of Schedule 1

531.Item  414: Clause 5 of Schedule 1

532.Item  415: Part 3 of clause 3 of Schedule 2 (table row relating to the Deputy President (non-judicial), Administrative Appeals Tribunal)

1.                These items repeal provisions that have been made redundant by Remuneration Tribunal Determination number 13 of 1999.

533.Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997

534.Item  416: Subsection 189(8)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

535.Item  417: Subsection 189(9)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill and the heading to the subsection is amended to reflect this change.

536.Safety, Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1988

537.Item  418: Subsection 4(1) (definition of proceeding under Part VI)

538.Item  419: Subsection 4(12)

1.                These items repeal the definition of ‘proceeding under Part VI’.  This is because some matters under Part VI are reconsiderations and are not necessarily instances of review.  All references to review by the AAT are amended for consistency with the ART Bill.

539.Item  420: Paragraph 26(4)(b)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, that uses the same language as the ART Bill.

540.Item  421: Subsection 60(2)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

541.Item  422: Subsection 64(3)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

542.Item  423: Subsections 65(2), (3) and (4)

1.                This item repeals provisions relating to modifications of the AAT Act and replaces them with a provision clarifying that, for the purposes of a review of a decision under section 64, the ART may sit either within or outside of Australia.

543.Item  424: Paragraph 66(1)(a)

544.Item  425: Paragraph 66(1)(a)

545.Item  426: Paragraph 66(1)(b)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

546.Item  427: Subsection 66(1)

1.                This provision is amended to remove language that is inconsistent with the language of the ART Bill.

547.Item  428: Subsection 66(2)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

548.Item  429: Subsection 67(1)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, that uses the same language as the ART Bill.

549.Item  430: Subsection 67(2)

550.Item  431: Subsection 67(2)

551.Item  432: Subsection 67(8)

552.Item  433: Subsection 67(8)

553.Item  434: Subsection 67(8A)

554.Item  435: Subsection 67(8B)

555.Item  436: Subsection 67(8B)

556.Item  437: Subsection 67(9)

557.Item  438: Subsection 67(11)

558.Item  439: Subsection 67(11)

559.Item  440: Subsection 67(12)

560.Item  441: Subsection 67(12)

561.Item  442: Subsection 67(13)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

562.Item  443: Subsection 67(13)

1.                This provision is amended so that it replaces references to the officers of the AAT with references to the relevant officers of the ART.

563.Item  444: Subsection 67(14)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.  This provision is also amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

564.Item  445: Paragraph 107G(3)(b)

565.Item  446: Subsection 107K(4)

566.Item  447: Subsection 107L(9)

567.Item  448: Subsection 107L(10)

568.Item  449: Subsection 107M(11)

569.Item  450: Subsection 107M(12)

570.Item  451: Subsection 107Z(5)

571.Item  452: Subsection 107ZA(6)

572.Item  453: Subsection 107ZB(9)

573.Item  454: Paragraph 108H(4)(b)

574.Item  455: Subsection 108L(4)

575.Item  456: Subsection 108M(4)

576.Item  457: Subsection 108W(7)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

577.Seafarers Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1992

578.Item  458: Section 3 (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

579.Item  459: Section 3

1.                This defines ‘ART’.

580.Item  460: Section 74

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

581.Item  461: At the end of section 74

1.                This item adds a provision to section 74 which clarifies that clause 57 of the ART Bill applies as if a reference to a person whose interests are affected by the decision were a reference to the employer.

2.                This item also adds ‘etc.’ to the end of the heading to section 74 to reflect the breadth of the amended section’s operation.

582.Item  462: Part 6 (heading)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

583.Item  463: Subsection 76(1) (definition of AAT Act )

584.Item  464: Subsection 76(1) (definition of AAT extension application )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), these definitions are obsolete.

585.Item  465: Subsection 76(1)

1.                This defines ‘ART Act’.

586.Item  466: Subsection 76(1)

1.                This item inserts a definition of an ART extension application.

587.Item  467: Subsection 76(1) (definition of decision )

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

588.Item  468: Subsection 76(2)

589.Item  469: Subsection 78(1)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

590.Item  470: Section 80

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

591.Item  471: At the end of section 80

1.                This item adds a provision to section 80 which clarifies that clause 57 of the ART Bill applies such that a reference to a person whose interests are affected by the decision were a reference to the employer.

2.                This item also adds ‘etc.’ to the end of the heading to section 80 to reflect the breadth of the amended section’s operation.

592.Item  472: Paragraph 87(c)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

593.Item  473: Subsection 88(1)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT (including the reference in the heading) to references to the ART.  This item also adds ‘etc.’ to the end of the heading to section 88 to reflect the breadth of the amended section’s operation.

594.Item  474: Subsection 88(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

595.Item  475: At the end of section 88

1.                This item adds a provision to section 88 which clarifies that clause 57 of the ART Bill applies such that a reference to a person whose interests are affected by the decision were a reference to the claimant.

596.Item  476: Division 3 of Part 6 (heading)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART and amends the provision so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.  The item also adds ‘etc.’ to indicate that there are a range of decisions which are subject to review.

597.Item  477: Subsection 89(1)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT (including the reference in the heading) to references to the ART.

598.Item  478: Subsection 89(2)

1.                This item clarifies that, for the purposes of the review of a decision under section 88, the ART may sit either within or outside of Australia.

599.Item  479: Subsection 89(3)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

600.Item  480: Paragraph 89(4)(a)

1.                This item is amended so that it refers to the ART instead of the AAT.  This item also changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

601.Item  481: Paragraph 89(4)(c)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

602.Item  482: Paragraph 89(4)(d)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, that uses the same language as the ART Bill.

603.Item  483: Subsection 90(1)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, that uses the same language as the ART Bill.  This item also changes the reference to the AAT in the heading to a reference to the ART.

604.Item  484: Subsection 90(2)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

605.Item  485: Subsection 90(2A)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART, and amends this provision so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

606.Item  486: Subsection 90(3)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

607.Item  487: Subsection 91(1)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, that uses the same language as the ART Bill.  This item also changes the reference to the AAT in the heading to a reference to the ART.

608.Item  488: Subsection 91(2)

609.Item  489: Subsection 91(2)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

610.Item  490: Paragraph 91(3)(e)

611.Item  491: Paragraph 91(4)(e)

612.Item  492: Subsection 91(6)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

613.Item  493: Subsection 92(1)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.  This item also changes the reference to the AAT in the heading to a reference to the ART.

614.Item  494: Subsection 92(1)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

615.Item  495: Subsection 92(1)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

616.Item  496: Subsection 92(2)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

617.Item  497: Subsection 92(2)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

618.Item  498: Subsection 92(3)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

619.Item  499: Subsection 92(4)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

620.Item  500: Subsection 92(4)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

621.Item  501: Subsection 92(4)

622.Item  502: Subsection 92(5)

1.                These provisions are amended so that they use the same language as the ART Bill.

623.Item  503: Subsection 92(5)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

624.Item  504: Subsection 92(5)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

625.Item  505: Subsection 92(6)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision, of the same effect, with references to the AAT changed to references to the ART.  This provision also replaces references to the officers of the AAT with references to the relevant officers of the ART.

626.Item  506: Subsection 92(7)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

627.Sea Installations Act 1987

628.Item  507: Paragraph 76(1)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.  The effect of the amendment is to provide that a decision-maker does not have to give a statement of reasons to a person who requests one, if subclause 57(3) of the ART Bill applies.  Subclause 57(3) applies where:

·       the person has already been given a statement of reasons;

·       the decision itself sets out the things required to be in a statement of reasons;

·       the person was given a document setting out the terms of the decision and did not request a statement of reasons within 28 days of receiving that document; or

·       the person was not given written notice of the terms of the decision and did not request a statement of reasons within a reasonable time after the decision was made.

629.Ships (Capital Grants) Act 1987

630.Item  508: Subsection 38(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

631.Small Superannuation Accounts Act 1995

632.Item  509: At the end of section 83

1.                This provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of a decision of the Commissioner of Taxation that has been confirmed or varied under subsection 82(4) of the Small Superannuation Accounts Act 1995 .

633.Item  510: Subsection 84(1)

1.                This item changes the reference in the heading to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.

2.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

634.Item  511: Subsection 84(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.  This item also amends the heading to the subsection to reflect this change.

635.Spirits Act 1906

636.Item 512: After subsection 20(2)

637.Item 513: Subsection 20(3)

1.                These items provide that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of decisions of a Collector of Customs, covered by section 20 of the Spirits Act 1906 .

638.Student Assistance Act 1973

639.Item  514: Paragraph 5C(e)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT and the SSAT to a reference to the ART.

640.Item  515: Paragraph 12ZQ(2)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

641.Item  516: Subsection 303(3)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT and the SSAT (including the reference in the heading) to references to the ART.

642.Item  517: Subsection 303(5)

1.                This item provides for repeal of the subsection, which becomes redundant because the ART Bill provides for review by the ART only, whereas the Student Assistance Act 1973 currently provides for both SSAT and AAT review.

643.Item  518: Subsection 303(6)

1.                This provision is amended so that it replaces references to the officers of the AAT with references to the relevant officers of the ART.  This item also amends the heading to the subsection to reflect this change.

644.Item  519: Subsection 304(5)

645.Item  520: Paragraph 308(1)(a)

1.                These items replace references to the SSAT with references to the ART.

646.Item  521: Paragraph 308(1)(c)

1.                This item provides for repeal of the paragraph, which becomes redundant because the ART Bill provides for review by the ART only, whereas the Student Assistance Act 1973 currently provides for both SSAT and AAT review.

647.Item  522: Division 2 of Part 9

1.                This Division provided for review of decisions by the SSAT and is to be repealed because the ART Bill provides for review by the ART only, whereas the Student Assistance Act 1973 currently provides for both SSAT and AAT review.

648.Item  523: Division 3 of Part 9 (heading)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT in the heading to a reference to the ART.

649.Item  524: Section 324

650.New section 324: Application for review by ART
651.New section 324A: Non-reviewable decisions

1.                This item provides for repeal of the section and it’s replacement with new sections 324 and 324A.  This is necessary because the ART Bill provides for review by the ART only, whereas the Student Assistance Act 1973 currently provides for both SSAT and AAT review.  New section 324A preserves the intent of current section 313 (non-reviewable decisions) necessitated by the repeal of Division 2 of Part 9 by item 522.

652.Item  525: Division 4 of Part 9

1.                This Division currently provides for modification of the AAT Act in connection with SSAT review and is to be repealed because the ART Bill provides for review by the ART only.  Such modifications may also be inconsistent with the core provisions set out in subclause 7(3) of the ART Bill.

653.Item  526: Paragraph 335(1)(c)

654.Item  527: Subsection 335(4)

1.                These items change references to the National Convenor of the SSAT to references to the executive member of the Income Support Division of the ART.

655.Item  528: Section 336

1.                This paragraph omits reference to the position of the National Convener of the Social Security Appeals Tribunal and substitutes reference to the executive member of the Income Support Division of the ART.  This item also amends the heading to the section to reflect this change.

656.Superannuation Act 1976

657.Item  529: Subsection 154(7)

1.                This provision is replaced with a provision that requires that the ART is constituted at a senior level when reviewing decisions made under subsection 154(6) of the Superannuation Act 1976 .  The nature of the classes of decision reviewable by the Tribunal, and the issues which may arise in the course of those reviews, make this amendment necessary.  (There was an analogous constitution requirement for review of such decisions by the AAT, but this has had to be amended because the prescribed AAT membership has no direct equivalent in the ART.)

658.Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993

659.Item  530: Subsection 344(9)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

660.Item  531: Subsection 344(10)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.  This item also amends the heading to the subsection to reflect this change.

661.Item  532: Paragraph 344(11)(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

662.Superannuation (Self Managed Superannuation Funds) Taxation Act 1987

663.Item  533: Subsection 16(7)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

2.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of decisions of the Commissioner of Taxation that have been confirmed or varied under subsection 16(3) of the Superannuation (Self Managed Superannuation Funds) Taxation Act 1987 .

664.Item  534: Subsection 16(8)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

665.Item  535: Subsection 16(9)

1.                This provision is amended so that it uses the same language as the ART Bill.

666.Item  536: Paragraph 16(9)(b)

1.                This item changes the references to provisions of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

667.Swimming Pools Tax Refund Act 1992

668.Item  537: After subsection 4(7)

1.                This item provides that the Taxation Division of the ART must review an application for review of a decision of the Commissioner of Taxation to allow or not to allow a pool purchaser to make a declaration under section 4 of Swimming Pools Tax Refund Act 1992 .

669.Telecommunications Act 1997

670.Item  538: Subparagraph 557(1)(b)(ii)

671.Item  539: Paragraph 561(1)(b)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

672.Telecommunications (Interception) Act 1979

673.Item  540: Subsection 5(1) (definition of nominated AAT member )

1.                This item repeals the definition of ‘nominated AAT member’.  Item 541 inserts a new definition of ‘nominated ART member’.

674.Item  541: Subsection 5(1)

1.                This item defines a nominated ART member for the purposes of the Telecommunications (Interception) Act 1979 .

675.Item  542: Subsection 6DA(1)

1.                This item amends subsection 6DA(1) to enable the Minister to nominate a member of the ART to issue warrants under Part VI of the Telecommunications (Interception) Act 1979 .  This item also changes the reference to the AAT in the heading to a reference to the ART.

676.Item  543: Subsection 6DA(2)

1.                This item amends subsection 6DA(2) to make the nomination of a ART member to issue warrants under Part VI of the Telecommunications (Interception) Act 1979 conditional upon the member being a legal practitioner of a court of Australia for a period of not less than 5 years.

677.Item  544: Paragraph 6DA(3)(a)

1.                This item amends paragraph 6DA(3)(a) to provide that a nomination of an ART member ceases to have effect when that person ceases to be a member of the Tribunal.

678.Item  545: Subsection 6DA(4)

679.Item  546: Section 6H

680.Item  547: Subsection 7(7)

681.Item  548: Subsection 39(1)

682.Item  549: Section 43

683.Item  550: Subsection 44(1)

684.Item  551: Paragraph 44(2)(b)

685.Item  552: Section 45

686.Item  553: Section 45A

687.Item  554: Subsection 46(1)

688.Item  555: Subsection 46(2)

689.Item  556: Section 46A

690.Item  557: Paragraphs 48(3)(a), (b) and (c)

691.Item  558: Paragraph 48(3)(d)

692.Item  559: Subsection 48(4)

1.                These items change references to ‘nominated AAT member’ to references to ‘nominated ART member’.

693.Item  560: Subsection 48(5)

1.                This item changes the reference to ‘nominated AAT member issues’ to a reference to ‘nominated ART member issues’.

694.Item  561: Paragraph 48(5)(b)

695.Item  562: Subsections 49(1), (4) and (7)

696.Item  563: Subsections 50(1) and (2)

697.Item  564: Subsections 51(2) and (3)

1.                These items change references to ‘nominated AAT member’ to references to ‘nominated ART member’.

698.Item  565: Subsection 52(1)

1.                This item changes the reference to ‘nominated AAT member’ to a reference to ‘nominated ART member’.  This item also changes the reference to the AAT in the heading to a reference to the ART.

699.Item  566: Paragraphs 53(2)(a), (b) and (c)

700.Item  567: Paragraphs 81A(2)(b) and (g)

701.Item  568: Paragraphs 81C(2)(b) and (g)

702.Item  569: Paragraph 94A(3)(e)

1.                These items change references to ‘nominated AAT member’ to references to ‘nominated ART member’.

703.Item  570: Paragraph 103(ab)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

704.Textile, Clothing and Footwear Strategic Investment Program Act 1999

705.Item  571: Subsection 22(4)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

706.Item  572: Subsection 22(7)

1.                The regulations may provide time limits for the making of applications to the Tribunal: see subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill.

707.Therapeutic Goods Act 1989

708.Item  573: Subsection 60(5)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

709.Item  574: After subsection 60A(7)

1.                This item is a procedural provision which ensures that that section 60A of the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 applies despite clause 124 of the ART Bill.

710.Trade Practices Act 1974

711.Item  575: Paragraph 10.85(1)(b)

712.Item  576: Subsection 10.85(2)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

713.Tradesmen’s Rights Regulation Act 1946

714.Item  577: Paragraph 51A(9)(b)

1.                This item changes references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

715.Tradex Scheme Act 1999

716.Item  578: Section 40 (note)

1.                This note is replaced with a note, of the same effect, with references to provisions of the AAT Act changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

717.Trans-Tasman Mutual Recognition Act 1997

718.Item  579: Subsection 30(3)

1.                This provision is amended so that it replaces references to the officers of the AAT with a reference to the relevant officer of the ART.

719.Item  580: Paragraph 33(3)(b)

720.Item  581: Subsection 35(3)

721.Item  582: Subsection 35(5)

1.                These items change references to provisions of the AAT Act to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.



722.Schedule 4—Amendment of Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979

1.                This Schedule makes consequential amendments to the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979 ( ASIO Act ).

723.Item  1: Section 35

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘ART Act’ for the purposes of Part IV of the ASIO Act.

724.Item  2: Section 35

725.Item  3: Section 35

1.                These items provide that, for the purposes of Part IV of the ASIO Act, the terms ‘member’ and ‘President’ have the same meaning as in the ART Bill.

726.Item  4: Section 35 (definition of Tribunal )

1.                This item amends the definition of ‘Tribunal’ to mean the ART, replacing the AAT.

727.Item  5: Paragraph 38(2)(b)

1.                This item inserts a new paragraph 38(2)(b) to adopt terminology which is clearer and more consistent with new section 101 of the ART Bill included in Schedule 1 to the ASIO Act.

728.Item  6: After section 38

729.New section 38A: ART Act notice etc. provisions not to apply

1.                This new section provides that Subdivision B of Division 1 of Part 4 of the ART Bill does not apply to the making of an adverse or qualified security assessment.  That Subdivision is excluded because Part IV of the ASIO Act deals with giving notice of the making of such assessments and related matters.

730.Item  7: Subsection 54(2)

1.                This item substitutes a new subsection 54(2).  The repealing of the former subsection 54(2) means that the right of a person to apply for second-tier review of a finding of the Tribunal in respect of a security assessment will be governed by the general provisions at Division 2 of Part 4 of the ART Bill.  New subsection 54(2) provides that that the assessment must be reviewed in the Commercial and General Division of the Tribunal, which for that purpose is to be called the Security Appeals Division.

731.Item  8: After section 54

732.New section 54A: Modified application of ART Act in relation to the review

1.                This new section provides for the addition of Schedule 1 which modifies the application of the ART Bill in relation to the review of an assessment by the Security Appeals Division.

733.Item  9: Subsection 65(3)

1.                Division 2 of Part 8 of the ART Bill does not apply to a review carried out by the Tribunal under this section.  The Minister is to deal with the Tribunal findings as set out in this section.



734.Schedule 5—New Schedule to Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979

735.Item 1: At the end of the Act

1.                Item 1 adds a new Schedule 1 to the end of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979 ( ASIO Act ).  The new Schedule sets out modifications of the ART Bill applicable, in accordance with the new section 54A of the ASIO Act (inserted by item 8 of Schedule 4), for the purposes of review by the ART of security assessments made under the Act.

2.                The clauses of the new Schedule are explained below.

736.New Schedule 1—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act in relation to review of decisions

737.Clause  1: Subdivision B of Division 1 of Part 4

1.                This clause disapplies Subdivision B of Division 1 of Part 4 of the ART Bill which deals with giving notice of a notifiable decision, the provision of statements of reasons and related matters.  The relevant rights and procedures connected with initiating a review of an adverse or qualified security assessment are set out in Part IV of the ASIO Act.

738.Clause  2: Section 61

739.New section 61: Who may apply

1.                This new section provides who may apply under subsection 54(1) of the ASIO Act for a first-tier review of a security assessment.  A person in respect of whom a security assessment is made may apply for a review if that person is notified of the making of the assessment under section 38 of the ASIO Act.

740.Clause  3: Section 63

741.New section 63: Who may apply

1.                This new section provides for who may apply for a second-tier review of a security assessment.  If the Tribunal makes a first-tier decision, the applicant for the first-tier review may apply to the Tribunal for leave to have that assessment reviewed.

742.Clause  4: Section 69

743.New section 69: Initial constitution of the Tribunal

1.                New section 69 sets out the composition of the Tribunal when conducting a review of a security assessment.  The Tribunal must consist of three members.  Those members are to be selected from the President, executive members or senior members.  In addition, only an executive member or senior member who is assigned or appointed to the Security Appeals Division may be a member of the panel constituting the Tribunal for the purposes of a review under Part IV of the ASIO Act.  Subsection 54(2) of the ASIO Act provides that the Commercial and General Division of the Tribunal is called the Security Appeals Division for the purpose of reviewing a security assessment.

2.                None of the members must be, or have been, the Director-General of Security or an officer, employee or agent of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation.

3.                New subsection 69(5) provides that in particular situations the Tribunal must include at least one member with specified experience or knowledge.

4.                Provision is made for situations where one of the members has ceased to be available before a review is completed.

744.Clause  5: Sections 76 to 82

1.                Clauses 76 to 82 of the ART Bill are disapplied for the purposes of a review under Part IV of the ASIO Act.  Three new sections are inserted in their place, for the purposes of such a review.

745.New section 76: Notice of application

1.                The Tribunal must give a copy of the application, and of the statement lodged with the application, to the Director-General of Security and to the Commonwealth agency to which the assessment was given.

746.New section 77: Director-General of Security to give Attorney-General’s certificate etc. to Tribunal

1.                If the Attorney-General has given a certificate in accordance with paragraph 38(2)(b) of the ASIO Act, the Director-General of Security must, within 30 days after receiving notice of the application, give the Tribunal a copy of the certificate, together with a copy of the whole assessment.  The Tribunal must not, at any time, tell the applicant of the existence of, or permit the applicant to have access to, any copy or particulars of the certificate or any matter to which the certificate relates.

747.New section 78: Director-General of Security to give relevant information to Tribunal

1.                The Director-General of Security must give the Tribunal all relevant information available to the Director-General, whether favourable or unfavourable to the applicant.

748.Clause  6: Section 84

749.New section 84: Participants in the review

1.                The Director-General of Security and the applicant are the participants in the review.

750.Clause  7: Sections 85 to 87

1.                Clauses 85 to 87 of the ART Bill are disapplied for the purposes of a review under Part IV of the ASIO Act.

751.Clause  8: After section 93

752.New section 93A: Facilitating the conduct of the review

1.                The presiding member may at any time require either or both of the participants to appear or be represented before the member for the purpose of identifying the matters in issue in the review or otherwise facilitating the conduct of the review.

753.Clause  9: After section 94

754.New section 94A: Order of taking evidence etc.

1.                New section 94A sets out procedures for the taking of evidence.

755.Clause  10: Section 100

756.New section 100: Review to be in private etc.

1.                When the Tribunal conducts a review of a security assessment the review is to be in private and, subject to this section, the Tribunal is to determine the people who may be present at any time.

2.                The applicant and a person representing the applicant may be present when the Tribunal is hearing submissions made, or evidence given, by the Director-General of Security or the Commonwealth agency to which the assessment was given.  However, the Minister administering the ASIO Act may sign a certificate stating that certain evidence proposed to be given or submissions proposed to be made are of such a nature that disclosure would be contrary to the public interest because it would prejudice security or defence of Australia.  If such a certificate is given, the applicant must not be present when the evidence is given or the submissions are made and a person representing the applicant must not be present when the evidence is given or the submission is made unless the Minister consents.  If a person representing the applicant is present, that person commits an offence punishable by 2 years imprisonment if he or she discloses to the applicant or any other person any evidence or submission to which a certificate relates.

3.                The Director-General of Security, or his or her representative, and a person representing the Commonwealth agency to which the assessment was given may be present when the Tribunal is hearing the submissions made or evidence given by the applicant.

4.                If the Director-General of Security so requests, the Tribunal must do all things necessary to ensure the identity of a person giving evidence on behalf of the Director-General of Security is not revealed.

757.New section 100A: Restriction on publication of evidence etc.

1.                The Tribunal is able to give directions prohibiting or restricting the publication evidence and other matters given to the Tribunal as well as all or part of the Tribunal’s findings and decision.

758.Clause  11: Section 101

759.New section 101: Certain documents and information not to be disclosed

1.                New section 101 sets out arrangements for protecting the confidentiality of certain documents and information given to the Tribunal.  These arrangements apply in two situations.  The first situation is where the Attorney-General certifies in accordance with paragraph 38(2)(b) of the ASIO Act that the disclosure of information would be contrary to the public interest because it would prejudice security.  The arrangements in this section also apply if the Attorney-General certifies in accordance with paragraph 101(1)(b) that the disclosure of specified information, or the disclosure of any matter contained in a specified document, for the purpose of the review would be contrary to the public interest for any of the reasons set out in new subsection 101(2).

2.                Where the Attorney-General has signed a relevant certificate, a person is not excused from disclosing the information, or giving the document, to the Tribunal if the person is required by or under the ART Bill to do so.

3.                However, the Tribunal must, subject to this new section and clause 173 of the ART Bill (as modified by this Schedule), do all things necessary to ensure that the information is not disclosed to any person other than a member of the Tribunal as constituted for the review and that the document is returned to the person who gave it to the Tribunal.

4.                The requirement that the Tribunal not disclose specified information to any person other than a member of the Tribunal does not apply in relation to disclosure to the Director-General of Security or his or her representative if the Attorney-General has signed a certificate pursuant to paragraph 38(2)(b) of the ASIO Act or pursuant to paragraph 101(1)(b) of the ART Bill and the reason is that set out in paragraph 101(2)(a).

5.                Where the Attorney-General has signed a certificate pursuant to paragraph 101(1)(b) and the certificate does not state a reason mentioned in paragraph 101(2)(a) or (b), the member presiding may authorise disclosure of information, or of the contents of a document to the applicant if the member is satisfied that the interests of justice outweigh the reason stated by the Attorney-General.  In making such a decision the presiding member must take as the basis of his or her consideration the principle that it is desirable for participants to be made aware of all relevant matters as well as have due regard to any reason specified in the certificate.

6.                Information may be disclosed to a member of the Tribunal’s staff in the course of his or her duties.

7.                The operation of any rules of law relating to the public interest that would otherwise apply to the disclosure of information or documents in the review are excluded, excepting as provided for in this section.

8.                The Tribunal has a duty to ensure that information is not disclosed to a person contrary to the requirements of security even though there may be no relevant certificate.

9.                This new section applies to copies of documents in respect of which the Attorney-General has issued a certificate under section 38(2)(b) or new paragraph 101(1)(b) of the ASIO Act.

760.Clause  12: Sections 102, 103 and 104

1.                Clauses 102 to 104 of the ART Bill are disapplied for the purposes of a review under Part IV of the ASIO Act.

761.Clause  13: Section 129

762.New section 129: Applicant fails to proceed or to comply with practice and procedure directions etc.

1.                The Tribunal may end the review if the applicant fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with a direction given or obligation imposed by the Tribunal.

763.Clause  14: Before section 133

764.New section 132A: Findings of Tribunal

1.                At the end of the review, the Tribunal is required to make and record its findings.  The Tribunal may state in the findings its opinion as to the correctness of, or justification for, any opinion, advice or information contained in the security assessment.

2.                The Tribunal must not make a finding which would supersede information that is part of the security assessment unless the Tribunal believes the information is incorrect, incorrectly represented or could not reasonably be relevant to the requirements of security.

3.                The Tribunal must give copies of its findings to the applicant, the Director-General of Security, the Commonwealth agency to which the assessment was given and the Attorney-General.  However, the Tribunal may withhold all or a part of its findings, so far as they relate to a matter not disclosed to the applicant, from the applicant or from the Commonwealth agency to which the assessment was given.

4.                Subject to any direction from the Tribunal, the applicant is entitled to publish the findings of the Tribunal so far as they have been given to him or her.

5.                The Tribunal may give to the Director-General of Security its comments on matters relating to ASIO procedures or practices that have come to the Tribunal’s attention as a result of a review.  A copy of those comments must be given to the Minister administering the ASIO Act.

765.Clause  15: After section 141

766.New section 141A: Additional requirement for applications

1.                New section 141A sets out additional requirements for applications for first- or second-tier review of a security assessment.

767.Clause  16: Section 148

1.                Clause 148 of the ART Bill is disapplied for the purposes of a review under Part IV of the ASIO Act.

768.Clause  17: Subsection 151(2)

1.                This clause replaces the reference to subsections 151(3) to (7) with a reference to subsections 151(3) and (7).  This is because clause 18 disapplies subsections 151(4) to (6).

769.Clause  18: Subsections 151(3) to (6)

1.                A person who is, or has been, a member, the Chief Executive Officer, staff or a consultant is not competent, and must not be required to give evidence in court or produce in court a document if a certificate under paragraph 38(2)(b) of the ASIO Act is in force certifying that the disclosure of the information would be contrary to the public interest.

770.Clause  19: Paragraph 151(7)(a)

771.Clause  20: Paragraphs 151(7)(b) and (c)

1.                This clause omits the reference to subsection 101(3).  The structure of the substituted section 101 (see clause 11 of this Schedule) makes this reference inapplicable.

772.Clause  21: After section 156

773.New section 156A: Costs

1.                The Tribunal in certain circumstances may order all or part of the reasonable costs of the applicant to be paid by the Commonwealth.

774.Clause  22: Subsection 173(2)

1.                This amendment is necessary to retain the requirement that the Tribunal must send certain documents to the Federal Court despite the operation of subsection 101(4) of the ART Bill (as modified by this Schedule).

775.Clause  23: Subsection 173(5)

1.                This clause makes provision for a certificate issued under paragraph 38(2)(b) of the ASIO Act.  This provision requires the Federal Court and the Federal Magistrates Court to do all that is necessary to protect certain information from disclosure to persons other than members of the Court as constituted for the purpose of the proceeding.



776.Schedule 6—Amendment of Taxation Administration Act 1953

2.                This Schedule makes consequential amendments to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 ( TAA ).

777.Item  1: Section 2 (definition of Small Taxation Claims Tribunal )

1.                This item repeals the definition of ‘Small Taxation Claims Tribunal’.

778.Item  2: Section 2 (definition of Tribunal )

1.                This item changes references to the AAT and the Small Taxation Claims Tribunal to references to the ART.

779.Item  3: Subsection 14Y(2)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.

780.Item  4: Section 14ZQ (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

781.Item  5: Section 14ZQ (definition of AAT Act )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

782.Item  6: Section 14ZQ (definition of AAT extension application )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

783.Item  7: Section 14ZQ

2.                This defines ‘ART Act’.

784.Item  8: Section 14ZQ

1.                This defines ‘ART extension application’.

785.Item  9: At the end of section 14ZX

2.                This item provides that extension of time refusal decisions are reviewed in the Taxation Division of the Tribunal.

786.Item  10: At the end of section 14ZZ

1.                New subsection 14ZZ(2) applies to the review of objection decisions that are both reviewable objection decisions and appealable objection decisions.  In these cases, an applicant may end the review of a decision in order to lodge an appeal in the Federal Court, provided that all of the participants in the review agree that the review is being ended for that purpose.

2.                New subsection 14ZZ(3) specifies that reviewable objection decisions must be reviewed in the Taxation Division of the Tribunal.

787.Item  11: Division 4 of Part IVC (heading)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ‘Tribunal’—that is, the ART.

788.Item 12: Sections 14ZZA to 14ZZJ

1.                This item repeals sections 14ZZA to 14ZZJ of the TAA and substitutes new sections 14ZZA and 14ZZB.

789.New section 14ZZA: Modification of ART Act in relation to notice of certain preliminary decisions

2.                Clause 56 of the ART Bill requires a person who makes a ‘notifiable decision’ to take reasonable steps to give notice, to any person whose interests are affected by the decision, that the decision has been made and that the person has certain review rights.

3.                The effect of new section 14ZZA is that clause 56 will not apply to decisions that persons can object to under Part IVC of the TAA.  The notice requirements will, however, apply to objection decisions that are original decisions for the purposes of clause 56.

790.New section 14ZZB: Modification of ART Act in relation to applications for review of decisions and in relation to ART extension applications

1.                New section 14ZZB provides that Schedule 2 to the TAA is to modify the application of the ART Bill in relation to applications for the review of reviewable objection decisions, extension of time refusal decisions and ART extension applications.

791.Item  13: Section 14ZZM

2.                The existing reference in section 14ZZM to ‘registration-type sales tax decisions’ is no longer required.

792.Item  14: Section 14ZZN

793.New section 14ZZN: Time limit for appeals

1.                New section 14ZZN sets out the time limits within which appeals to the Federal Court against appealable objection decisions must be brought.

2.                Under the existing law, direct appeals to the Federal Court must be lodged with the Court within 60 days after the service of the notice of the decision on the objection.  New paragraph 14ZZN(1)(a) maintains this requirement.  If, however, a person fails to lodge an appeal within the specified 60-day period, new subsections 14ZZN(2) and (3) confer on the Federal Court discretion to grant the person an extension of time to lodge the appeal.

3.                If a person ends the review of a decision in the ART, an appeal to the Federal Court, pursuant to new subsection 14ZZ(2), must be lodged within 7 days after the review by the Tribunal is ended (see new paragraph 14ZZN(1)(b)).

794.Item  15: Subparagraph 68(3)(c)(iv)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ‘Tribunal’—that is, the ART.



795.Schedule 7—New Schedule to Taxation Administration Act 1953

796.Item 1: At the end of the Act

1.                Item 1 adds a new Schedule 2 to the end of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 ( TAA ).  The new Schedule sets out modifications of the ART Bill applicable, in accordance with the new section 14ZZB of the TAA (inserted by item 12 of Schedule 6), for the purposes of review of certain decisions made under the TAA.  It also details the circumstances in which the Small Taxation Claims Tribunal ( STCT ) may be constituted.

2.                The clauses of the new Schedule are explained below.

797.New Schedule 2—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act in relation to applications for review of certain decisions etc.

798.New Part 1—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act in relation to applications for review of reviewable objection decisions and extension of time refusal decisions

799.Clause  1: After section 68

800.New section 68A: Small Taxation Claims Tribunal

1.                New section 68A provides for the STCT.  If certain threshold requirements are satisfied, the Tribunal, when conducting a first-tier review, will be known as the STCT.

2.                New subsections 68A(2) and (3) outline the threshold requirements.  The decision must be a decision refusing a request for an extension of time; or, the decision must be a reviewable objection decision, the applicant must have elected to have the matter dealt with as a small claims matter, and certain additional small claims criteria must be satisfied.

3.                The small claims criteria will be satisfied, in respect of a reviewable objection decision, if:

·       the amount in dispute is less than $15,000 or the decision does not involve a dispute about any amount; and

·       the review can be conducted relatively quickly or easily, and it does not raise an issue, or principle, of general significance.

4.                The decision as to whether the small claims criteria are satisfied is to be made by the President, as soon as a direction has been made about the Division in which the review is to take place.  The decision will be the performance of a related Tribunal function for the purposes of paragraph 140(b) of the ART Bill While the decision cannot be varied or revoked, it will be subject to judicial review.

5.                If the dispute is over an amount that is relevant to the working out of a liability, then the amount in dispute is to be taken to be the amount by which the liability would be affected if the dispute was resolved in the applicant’s favour.

6.                In determining whether the review can be conducted quickly or whether it raises an issue, or principle, of general significance, the President should have regard to possible evidential and factual issues, as well as to any questions of law, likely to arise during the review.

801.New section 68B: Removal of review from Small Taxation Claims Tribunal

1.                New section 68B allows the Tribunal to hear matters together where an application(s) to the Tribunal is related to a small taxation claims application(s).  Such a hearing will not be before the STCT.  If matters are heard together, the President must refund any fees paid in relation to the small taxation claims application(s).

802.Clause  2: Subsection 69(1)

2.                Despite clause 69(1) of the ART Bill, the STCT is to be constituted by a single member only, who cannot be the President.

803.Clause  3: At the end of paragraph 84(1)(d)

1.                This modification mirrors existing section 14ZZD of the TAA.  An applicant for the review of a reviewable objection decision or an extension of time refusal decision must agree before a person other than the decision-maker or an Attorney-General can become a participant in the review.

804.Clause  4: At the end of section 100

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing section 14ZZE.  Unless the Tribunal is constituted as the STCT, hearings in relation to reviewable objection decisions or extension of time refusal decisions are to be held in private, if the applicant so requests.

805.Clause  5: Subsection 124(4)

1.                This modification confirms that the Commissioner of Taxation will have 60 days within which to reconsider a decision having regard to new information.  A 60-day limit is consistent with the Commissioner’s obligations in respect of taxation objections in Part IVC of the TAA.

806.Clause  6: Subsection 125(3)

1.                This modification confirms that the Commissioner will have 60 days within which to reconsider decisions in other cases.

807.Clause  7: At the end of section 136

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing section 14ZZJ of the TAA.  If a review of a reviewable objection decision or an extension of time refusal decision is not held in public, and a notice of appeal against the Tribunal’s decision has not been lodged with the Federal Court, then the Tribunal’s reasons must be framed so that the applicant is not likely to be identified.

808.Clause  8: After subsection 161(3)

1.                The STCT is intended to provide a cheaper and less formal means of resolving disputes between small taxpayers and the Commissioner of Taxation.  As such, it is envisaged that proceedings before the STCT will be conducted with as little formality and technicality, and with as much expedition, as possible.  In particular, mediation is to be encouraged, where appropriate, as a form of dispute resolution.

809.Clause  9: After subsection 172(1)

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing paragraph 45(1)(c) of the AAT Act.  It ensures that the financial and other interests of the small claimant are considered in matters where either the Tribunal or a party, possibly the Commissioner of Taxation, wishes to have a legal point settled by the Federal Court.

810.Clause  10: After paragraph 194(2)(b)

1.                A determination that the STCT is to review a decision may result in the amount payable in respect of an application for review being higher or lower than the amount that has actually been paid.  Without limiting the breadth of the general regulation-making power in clause 194 of the ART Bill, this modification confirms that regulations may be made to ensure that the correct fees are paid in respect of such applications.  For example, if a determination results in a higher fee being payable, the regulations could provide that the review must be suspended until the additional amount has been paid.

811.New Part 2—Modification of Administrative Review Tribunal Act in relation to applications for review of reviewable objection decisions

812.Clause  11: Sections 57, 58, 59, 60 and 61

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing section 14ZZB of the TAA.  The following clauses of the ART Bill are not to apply in respect of reviewable objection decisions:

·       clause 57 (statement of reasons for original decision);

·       clause 58 (review of refusal to give statement of reasons etc.);

·       clause 59 (review of adequacy of statement of reasons);

·       clause 60 (exclusion of confidential etc. material from statements of reasons); and

·       clause 61 (who may apply).

813.Clause  12: Before paragraph 77(1)(b)

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing subparagraphs 14ZZF(a)(ii), (iii) and (iv) of the TAA.  In relation to an application for review of a reviewable objection decision, the Commissioner of Taxation will be required to lodge the notice of the taxation decision, the taxation objection and the notice of the decision.

814.Clause  13: Paragraph 77(1)(b)

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing subparagraph 14ZZF(a)(v) of the TAA.  In relation to an application for review of a reviewable objection decision, the decision-maker will be required to lodge every other document that is in the decision-maker’s possession, or under his or her control, that the decision-maker considers is ‘necessary’ to the review.  This is a narrower requirement than the requirement in paragraph 77(1)(b) of the ART Bill that the decision-maker lodge every document that is ‘relevant’ to the review.

815.Clause  14: After section 79

816.New section 79A: Decision-maker to provide list of other documents that decision-maker considers relevant

1.                New section 79A ensures that the Tribunal will be able to serve a notice requiring a decision-maker to lodge a list of documents in his or her possession or control that he or she considers relevant to the review of the reviewable objection decision.  This is consistent with existing subparagraph 14ZZF(b)(iii) of the TAA.  The imposition of a requirement to lodge a list of relevant documents with the Tribunal is not intended to limit in any way the Tribunal’s power under clause 79 of the ART Bill.  Pursuant to clause 79, the Tribunal may order the lodgement of any documents identified in the list, that come into the decision-maker’s possession or control after the review has commenced.

817.Clause  15: Subsection 82(2)

1.                Clause 82 of the ART Bill allows decision-makers who would otherwise have to produce documents to the Tribunal to apply to the Tribunal to be relieved of that obligation.  This modification ensures that clause 82 applies to all documents that must be lodged by decision-makers in respect of reviewable objection decisions.

818.Clause  16: Section 121

2.                This modification continues the effect of existing paragraph 14ZZB(1)(a) of the TAA.  Clause 121 of the ART Bill will not apply in respect of reviewable objection decisions.  Clause 121 gives the Tribunal the power to stay or otherwise affect the operation or implementation of an original decision, or a first-tier decision, during Tribunal review.

819.Clause  17: After subsection 141(2)

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing paragraph 14ZZC(1)(c) of the TAA.  A statement of reasons for the application must accompany an application for review of a reviewable objection decision.

820.Clause  18: Section 171

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing subsection 14ZZB(2) of the TAA.  Clause 171 of the ART Bill will not apply in respect of reviewable objection decisions.  Clause 171 gives the Federal Court, or the Federal Magistrates Court, the power to stay or otherwise affect the operation or implementation of the original decision or a Tribunal decision, during an appeal.

821.New Part 3—Modification of Administrative Review Tribunal Act in relation to applications for review of extension of time refusal decisions

822.Clause  19: Sections 61 and 121

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing section 14ZZB of the TAA.  The following clauses of the ART Bill are not to apply in respect of extension of time refusal decisions:

·       clause 61, which allows affected persons to apply to the Tribunal for review of a decision; and

·       clause 121, which gives the Tribunal the power to stay or otherwise affect the operation or implementation of an original decision or a first-tier decision, during Tribunal review.

823.New Part 4—Modification of Administrative Review Tribunal Act in relation to ART extension applications

824.Clause  20: After subsection 142(2)

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing section 14ZZE of the TAA.  Hearings in relation to ART extension applications are to be held in private, if the applicant so requests.

825.Clause  21: At the end of section 142

1.                This modification continues the effect of existing section 14ZZJ of the TAA.  If an ART extension application is not held in public, the Tribunal’s reasons must be framed so that the applicant is not likely to be identified.



826.Schedule 8—Amendment of Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986

2.                This Schedule makes consequential amendments to the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986 ( VEA ).

827.Item  1: Paragraphs 13(8)(a) and (b)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the AAT or the ART.  The reference to the AAT is retained to ensure that these provisions apply to past decisions of the AAT.

828.Item  2: Subsection 18(2)

829.Item  3: Subsection 29(4)

830.Item  4: Subsection 31(2)

831.Item  5: Paragraph 31(6)(a)

832.Item  6: Subsections 31(6B), (10), (11) and (12)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

833.Item  7: Section 35J (note)

1.                This item changes the reference to a provision of the AAT Act to a reference to the corresponding provision of the ART Bill.

834.Item  8: Paragraph 54(1)(b)

835.Item  9: Paragraph 54A(1)(b)

836.Item  10: Subsection 54AA(3)

837.Item  11: Paragraph 57E(1)(c)

838.Item  12: Paragraphs 70(11)(a) and (b)

839.Item  13: Paragraph 79W(1)(c)

840.Item  14: Paragraph 118ZX(1)(c)

841.Item  15: Paragraph 127(1)(b)

842.Item  16: Subsections 132(7) and (8)

843.Item  17: Paragraph 140(1)(d)

844.Item  18: Subsection 154(1)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

845.Item  19: Section 155A

846.New section 155A: Statement of ART review rights

1.                This item repeals subsection 155A(1) of the VEA Subsection 155A(1) is reinserted into the VEA as new subsection 175(1A) (see item 23 of this Schedule).

2.                Current subsections 155A(2) and (3) are renumbered 155A(1) and (2).  The content of the provisions have not been changed, however, references to provisions of the AAT Act have been changed to references to the corresponding provisions of the ART Bill.

847.Item  20: Part X (heading)

848.Item  21: Subsection 174(1)

1.                These items change references to the AAT to references to the ART.

849.Item  22: Subsection 175(1)

1.                This item replaces the reference to section 29 of the AAT Act with a broader reference to the ART Bill.  This item also changes a reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.

850.Item  23: After subsection 175(1)

1.                This item inserts a new subsection 175(1A) after subsection 175(1) of the VEA.  This new subsection provides for the review by the AAT of a decision of the Principal Member of the Veterans’ Review Board under subsection 155AA(5) or 155AB(5) and paragraphs 155AA(6)(b), 155AB(6)(b), 155AA(7)(b) and 155AB(7)(b).  These provisions enable the Principal Member to dismiss an application for review by the Board.

2.                The new subsection 175(1A) replicates the provisions of current subsection 155A(1) which is repealed by item 19 of this Schedule.

851.Item  24: Subsections 175(2), (2AAA), (2AA) and (2A)

1.                This item changes references to the AAT to references to the ART.

852.Item  25: Subsection 175(2A)

1.                This item replaces the reference to section 29 of the AAT Act with a broader reference to the ART Bill.

853.Item  26: Subsection 175(3)

1.                This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

854.Item  27: Subsection 175(4)

1.                This item replaces the reference to section 29 of the AAT Act with a broader reference to the ART Bill.  This item also changes a reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.

855.Item  28: Sections 176, 177 and 178

1.                This item repeals sections 176, 177 and 178 of the VEA and inserts new sections 176 and 177.

856.New section 176: Review to take place in Veterans’ Appeals Division to Tribunal

2.                New section 176 requires that any review initiated by an application under section 175 of the VEA, must be undertaken in the Veterans’ Appeals Division of the ART.

857.New section 177: Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act

1.                New section 177 of the VEA provides for the modification of the ART Bill as it applies to applications made under the VEA.  When determining the provisions that will apply to an application made to the Tribunal under the provisions of the VEA, the ART Bill applies subject to the modifications set out in Schedule 7 to the VEA (which is inserted by Schedule 9 to this Bill).  The modifications to a provision of the ART Bill contained in Schedule 7 to the VEA should be read and applied in place of the provision that appears in the ART Bill.

2.                New subsection 177(1) provides that the modifications to the ART Bill set out in Part 1 of Schedule 7 to the VEA, apply to applications to the Tribunal made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

3.                New subsection 177(2) provides that the modifications to the ART Bill set out in Part 2 of Schedule 7 to the VEA, apply to applications to the Tribunal made under subsections 175(2), (2AAA), (2AA) or (4) of the VEA.



858.Schedule 9—New Schedule to Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986

859.Item 1: At the end of the Act

2.                Item 1 adds a new Schedule 7 to the end of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986 ( VEA ).  The new Schedule sets out modifications of the ART Bill applicable, in accordance with the new section 177 of the VEA (inserted by item 28 of Schedule 8), for the purposes of review of certain decisions made under the VEA.

3.                The clauses of the new Schedule are explained below.

860.New Schedule 7—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act in relation to applications for review of decisions

861.New Part 1—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act in relation to applications for review of decisions where Board review

2.                New Part 1 of Schedule 7 modifies the ART Bill in relation to an application for a review of a Commission decision where the Commission decision has been reviewed by the Veterans’ Review Board ( VRB ), under section 139 of the VEA.  A Commission decision that has been reviewed by the Board may be the subject of an application for review to the AAT and consequently the ART (the Tribunal), under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

3.                When the Government announced the creation of the Tribunal, it gave a commitment to the veteran community that the VRB would be maintained in its current form as a separate tribunal with full appeal rights to the Tribunal.

4.                These modifications to the ART Bill preserve the position that applied under the AAT Act in relation to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.  This means that an application for review by the Tribunal made under section 175(1) of the VEA will be dealt with as a second-tier review and not a first-tier review.  Furthermore, an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA, although a second-tier review, will not be subject to the leave requirements that would otherwise apply to an application for a second-tier review under the ART Bill.  This preserves the arrangements that currently apply under the AAT Act, to an application for review, where that application was made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

5.                This effectively negates the two-tier review structure of the ART Bill in relation to applications under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.  In these cases the ART will operate as a single tier of review, being second-tier review.

6.                The modifications contained in Part 1 of Schedule 7 to the VEA modify the ART Bill so that it can be applied to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

862.Clause  1: Section 6 (definition of decision-maker )

1.                This clause disapplies the definition of ‘decision-maker’ that appears in the ART Bill and substitutes a new definition for the purposes of an application to the Tribunal for a review of a decision, where the application was made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                For the purposes of an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA, the ‘decision-maker’ is the person who made the decision.  This means that for an application for review requested under paragraphs 175(1)(a) or (b) of the VEA, the decision-maker is the Commission.  In the case of an application for review requested under paragraph 175(1)(c) of the VEA, the decision-maker is the VRB.

3.                This modification preserves the present arrangements under the AAT Act to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

863.Clause  2: Section 6 (definition of first-tier decision )

1.                This clause disapplies the definition of ‘first-tier decision’ that appears in the ART Bill and substitutes a new definition for the purposes of an application to the Tribunal for a review of a decision made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                When applying the ART Bill in these cases, a ‘first-tier decision’ is a decision which may be the subject of an application to the Tribunal for review under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.  This means it is the decision of the Commission that was either affirmed or varied by the VRB, or the VRB decision made in substitution for a Commission decision.

3.                This modification preserves the present arrangements under the AAT Act, to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

864.Clause  3: Section 6 (definition of first-tier review )

1.                This clause disapplies the definition of ‘first-tier review’ in the ART Bill and substitutes a new definition for the purposes of an application to the Tribunal for a review of a decision made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                Where an application for review by the Tribunal has been made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA, a ‘first-tier review’ is the review by the VRB, conducted in accordance with Part IX of the VEA, that resulted in a first-tier decision.

3.                This modification preserves the present arrangements under the AAT Act, to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

865.Clause  4: Section 6 (definition of original decision )

1.                This clause disapplies the definition of ‘original decision’ in the ART Bill.  As a result of the modifications contained in this Part, the term ‘original decision’ is not used in relation to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.  The decision in respect of which an application for review is made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA is a ‘first-tier decision’ (see clause 2 of this Schedule).  In some instances in the ART Bill it is referred to as the ‘decision’, with no qualifier.

866.Clause  5: Subsection 4(5) (second sentence)

1.                This clause modifies subclause 4(5) of the ART Bill by omitting the sentence that refers to the Tribunal’s two stages of review, that is, first- and second-tier review.  When applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA, the review by the Tribunal is a second-tier review.  The first-tier review is the review conducted by the VRB.

867.Clause  6: Section 5

1.                This clause disapplies clause 5 of the ART Bill because it provides for first- and second-tier review by the Tribunal.  This is not how the Tribunal will operate in relation to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.  The review by the Tribunal is a second-tier review.  The review conducted by the VRB is the first-tier review.

868.Clause  7: At the end of section 6

1.                This clause inserts a new subsection (2) at the end of clause 6 of the ART Bill.  This new subsection provides that an expression used in the ART Bill, that is also used in the VEA, has the same meaning as it has in the VEA.

869.Clause  8: Division 1 of Part 4 (heading)

1.                This clause omits the heading to Part 4, Division 1 of the ART Bill and a new Division 1 heading is substituted.

870.Clause  9: Subdivision A of Division 1 of Part 4

1.                This clause disapplies Subdivision A of Division 1 of Part 4 of the ART Bill.  The terms defined in the Subdivision are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.  For the purposes of an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA, the definition of ‘original decision’ has been modified by the application of the definition for ‘first-tier decision’ at clause 2 of this Schedule.  The definition of ‘decision-maker’ has been modified by the application of the definition at clause 1 of this Schedule.

871.Clause  10: Subdivision B of Division 1 of Part 4 (heading)

1.                This clause omits the heading to Subdivision B of Division 1 of Part 4 of the ART Bill.  Clause 9 of this Schedule disapplies Subdivision A of Division 1 of Part 4 of the ART Bill.  There are, therefore, no subdivisions in this Division.

872.Clause  11: Paragraph 56(1)(a)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘an original decision’ in paragraph 56(1)(a) of the ART Bill and substitutes ‘a first-tier decision’, which is the decision being referred to when applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

873.Clause  12: Subparagraph 56(1)(b)(i)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘an original decision’ in subparagraph 56(1)(b)(ii) of the ART Bill and substitutes ‘a first-tier decision’ which is the decision being referred to when applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

874.Clause  13: Paragraphs 56(2)(b) and (c)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘an original decision’ in paragraphs 56(2)(b) and (c) of the ART Bill and substitutes ‘a first-tier decision’ which is the decision being referred to when applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

875.Clause  14: Subsection 57(1)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘an original decision’ in the heading to clause 57 and in subclause 57(1) of the ART Bill and substitutes ‘a first-tier decision’ which is the decision being referred to when applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                The modifications contained in clauses 11 to 14 provide that the first-tier decision by the VRB is the notifiable decision for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA, and the decision in respect of which a person may request a statement of reasons.

876.Clause  15: At the end of section 57

1.                A new subsection (6) is inserted at the end of clause 57 of the ART Bill.

2.                Paragraph 57(6)(a) preserves the current arrangements that apply by virtue of paragraph 176(3)(a) of the VEA.  Paragraph 57(6)(a) provides that clause 57 does not apply to a person if the decision is a Commission decision that was affirmed by the VRB, or a VRB decision substituted for a Commission decision, and the person has been served with a copy of the decision and a statement related to that decision in accordance with section 34 or 140 of the VEA.

3.                Paragraph 57(6)(b) preserves the current arrangements that apply by virtue of paragraph 176(3)(b) of the VEA.  Paragraph 57(6)(b) provides that clause 57 does not apply to a person if the decision is a Commission decision that was varied by the VRB and the person has been served with copies of the Commission decision, the decision of the Board varying the Commission decision and respective statements related to those decisions in accordance with section 34 or 140 of the VEA.

877.Clause  16: Paragraph 59(1)(a)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘original decision’ in paragraph 59(1)(a) of the ART Bill and substitutes ‘first-tier decision’, which is the decision being referred to when applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

878.Clause  17: Subsection 60(1)

1.                This clause omits the references to ‘original decision’ in subclause 60(1) of the ART Bill and substitutes ‘first-tier decision’ which is the decision being referred to when applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

879.Clause  18: Subsection 60(3)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘first-tier review of the original decision, or a second-tier review of a first-tier decision resulting from such a first-tier review’, which is not relevant to an application for review of a decision made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA, and substitutes ‘second-tier review of the decision’.

880.Clause  19: Subsection 60(3)

1.                The second reference to ‘later’ in subclause 60(3) of the ART Bill is omitted.

881.Clause  20: Subdivisions C and D of Division 1 of Part 4

1.                Subdivisions C and D of Division 1 of Part 4 of the ART Bill are disapplied as they are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

882.Clause  21: Subdivision A of Division 2 of Part 4

1.                This clause disapplies Subdivision A of Division 2 of Part 4 of the ART Bill as it is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

883.Clause  22: Section 66

884.New section 66: Who may apply

1.                This clause disapplies clause 66 of the ART Bill and substitutes a new section 66.

2.                Subsection 66(1) provides that, for the purposes of an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA, the Commission or any person whose interests are affected by a first-tier decision may apply to the Tribunal for a review of that decision.  This new subsection preserves the present position under subsection 176(2) of the VEA, that is, the Commission is the person considered to be affected by the decision, not the VRB.

3.                Subsection 66(2) leaves no doubt that the Commonwealth and the other parties listed in paragraphs 66(2)(b) and (c) have every right to apply to the Tribunal for a review as long as they are a person whose interests are affected by the decision.

885.Clause  23: Paragraph 67(1)(c)

1.                This clause disapplies paragraph 67(1)(c) of the ART Bill.  The disapplied paragraph is not relevant to a review by the VRB.  There is no provision under the VEA for all participants to agree to forgo any right to a Tribunal review of a first-tier decision.

886.Clause  24: Subsection 67(1)

2.                Reference to ‘and subsection (2) of this section and’ in subclause 67(1) of the ART Bill is omitted.  Subclause 67(2) of the ART Bill is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

887.Clause  25: Subsection 67(2)

2.                This clause disapplies subclause 67(2) of the ART Bill.  The disapplied subclause is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

888.Clause  26: Subsection 69(4)

1.                This clause disapplies subclause 69(4) of the ART Bill.  The disapplied subclause is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.  The subclause would only be relevant if the Tribunal were undertaking both the first-tier review and the second-tier review of a decision made under the VEA.

889.Clause  27: Section 76

890.New section 76: Notice to decision-maker

1.                This clause disapplies clause 76 of the ART Bill and substitutes a new section 76 for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                Section 76 provides that the Chief Executive Officer must arrange for the decision-maker to be given a notice in writing of an application for review of a first-tier decision.

3.                Paragraphs 76(a) and (b) of the ART Bill are also disapplied.  The paragraphs are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

891.Clause  28: Subsection 77(1)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘an original’ in the heading to clause 77 and in subclause 77(1) of the ART Bill and substitutes ‘first-tier’ which is the decision being referred to when applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

892.Clause  29: Subsection 79(1)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘In the case of review of either an original decision or a first-tier decision, if’ and substitutes ‘If’ in subclause 79(1) of the ART Bill.  The omitted reference is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

893.Clause  30: Paragraphs 84(1)(a) and (b)

1.                This clause disapplies paragraphs 84(1)(a) and (b) of the ART Bill and substitutes new paragraphs 84(1)(a) and (b) for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                The new paragraph 84(1)(a) provides that the participants in the review by the Tribunal are the applicant and the Commission where the applicant is not the Commission.  Where the applicant is the Commission, the Commission and the veteran or the dependant of the deceased veteran whose interests are affected by the decision are the participants.

3.                This modification preserves the current arrangements that apply in relation to participation under the AAT Act by virtue of subsection 176(6) of the VEA which makes the Commission the participant instead of the VRB.

894.Clause  31: Subsections 84(2) and (3)

3.                This clause disapplies subclauses 84(2) and (3) of the ART Bill.  The disapplied subclauses are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

895.Clause  32: Section 99

1.                This clause disapplies clause 99 of the ART Bill.  The disapplied clause is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                As the first-tier review was undertaken by the VRB, other provisions (for example, clause 95 and Division 8 of Part 9 of the ART Bill) provide for access to records and documents relating to the first-tier review by the Board.

896.Clause  33: Subsection 110(4)

1.                This clause disapplies paragraph 110(4)(d) of the ART Bill.  The paragraph is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.  As the review is a second-tier review, paragraph (d) is not relevant because it refers to a first-tier review by the Tribunal.

897.Clause  34: Paragraph 119(d)

5.                This clause disapplies paragraph 119(d) of the ART Bill.  The paragraph is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.  As the review is a second-tier review, paragraph (d) is not relevant because it refers to a first-tier review by the Tribunal.

898.Clause  35: Section 120

899.New section 120: When all review and appeal action has been finalised in relation to a first-tier decision

1.                This clause disapplies clause 120 of the ART Bill and substitutes a new section 120 for the purposes of an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                Section 120 provides a definition of when ‘all review and appeal action has been finalised’, which is substantially the same as paragraph 120(3)(b) of the unmodified ART Bill.

3.                The new section does not incorporate subclauses 120(1) and (2) and paragraph 120(3)(a) of the ART Bill and incorporates the intent of paragraph 120(3)(b) into a single paragraph provision.  Subclauses 120(1) and (2), and paragraph 120(3)(a), are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA as they relate to a first-tier review by the Tribunal.

900.Clause  36: Subsection 121(1)

1.                This clause disapplies paragraphs 121(1)(a) and (b) of the ART Bill.  Paragraphs 121(1)(a) and (b) are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA as they relate to a first-tier review by the Tribunal.

901.Clause  37: Subsection 121(2)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘an original decision or’ in subclause 121(2) of the ART Bill as the reference is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

902.Clause  38: Subsection 121(2)

2.                The reference to ‘(3) or’ in subclause 121(2) of the ART Bill is omitted.  The reference to subclause 121(3) is not relevant as it is disapplied by clause 39 of this Schedule.

903.Clause  39: Subsection 121(3)

3.                Subclause 121(3) of the ART Bill is disapplied.  The subclause is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA as it relates to a first-tier review by the Tribunal.

904.Clause  40: Paragraph 121(4)(b)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘original’, wherever occurring in paragraph 121(4)(b) of the ART Bill.  The omitted references are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

905.Clause  41: Subsection 121(4)

1.                This clause changes the reference to ‘in relation to the original decision’ in subclause 121(4) of the ART Bill to ‘in relation to the first-tier decision’, which is the decision being referred to when applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

906.Clause  42: Subsections 121(6) and (7)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘(3) or’ from subclauses 121(6) and (7) of the ART Bill as subclause 121(3) is disapplied by clause 39 of this Schedule.

907.Clause  43: Subsection 122(1)

2.                This clause disapplies subclause 122(1) of the ART Bill as it deals with a stay direction for a first-tier review, where that review was conducted by the Tribunal.  This subclause is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

908.Clause  44: Subparagraph 122(2)(a)(ii)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘original’, wherever occurring in subparagraph 122(2)(a)(ii) of the ART Bill, as this reference is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

909.Clause  45: Subsection 122(2)

2.                This clause omits the reference to ‘original’ in subclause 122(2) of the ART Bill as the reference is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

910.Clause  46: Subsection 122(3)

3.                This clause omits the reference to ‘(1) or’ from subclause 122(3) of the ART Bill.  Subclause 122(1) is disapplied by clause 43 of this Schedule.

911.Clause  47: Paragraphs 122(3)(a) and (b)

1.                This clause changes the reference to ‘first-tier decision or the second-tier decision mentioned in subsection (1) or (2) of this section’ in paragraphs 122(3)(a) and (b) of the ART Bill to ‘decision’.  For the purposes of an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA, these paragraphs of the ART Bill apply only to a second-tier decision of a first-tier review.

912.Clause  48: Subsection 123(1)

1.                This clause disapplies subclause 123(1) of the ART Bill and substitutes a new subsection 123(1) for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                Subsection 123(1) provides that the decision-maker must not alter his or her decision during the review of a first-tier decision otherwise than in accordance with Part 7 of Division 6 of the ART Bill, until all review and appeal action has been finalised in relation to the first-tier review.  This subsection is subject to subclause 123(2) and clauses 124 and 125 of the ART Bill, as modified by this Schedule.

3.                The new subsection does not incorporate paragraph 123(1)(a) of the ART Bill.  Paragraph 123(1)(a) is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA as it relates to a first-tier review by the Tribunal.

4.                Clause 48 of this Schedule also changes the reference to ‘original decision during first-tier or’ in the heading to clause 123 of the ART Bill to ‘decision during’.  The reference is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

913.Clause  49: Paragraph 123(2)(a)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘original’ in paragraph 123(2)(a) of the ART Bill.  The reference to an ‘original’ decision is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

914.Clause  50: Paragraph 124(1)(b)

1.                This clause disapplies paragraph 124(1)(b) of the ART Bill and substitutes a new paragraph 124(1)(b) for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                The new paragraph 124(1)(b) provides that the Tribunal must decide whether to ask the decision-maker to reconsider the decision having regard to the new information.

3.                The new paragraph does not incorporate subparagraph 124(1)(b)(i) of the ART Bill, but instead incorporates the intent of subparagraph 124(1)(b)(ii) of the ART Bill into the new paragraph 124(1)(b).  Subparagraph 124(1)(b)(i) is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA as it relates to a first-tier review by the Tribunal.

915.Clause  51: Paragraph 124(2)(a)

2.                This clause omits the reference to ‘original’ from paragraph 124(2)(a) of the ART Bill.  The reference to an ‘original’ decision is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

916.Clause  52: Subsections 124(3) and (6)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘original’ in subclauses 124(3) and (6) of the ART Bill.  The reference to an ‘original’ decision is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

917.Clause  53: Subsection 124(7)

4.                This clause disapplies the definition of ‘new information’ in subclause 127(7) of the ART Bill and substitutes a new definition for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

5.                The substituted definition mirrors that in the ART Bill; but does not incorporate subparagraphs 124(7)(a)(i) and (ii) as those subparagraphs are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

918.Clause  54: Subsection 125(1)

1.                This clause disapplies subclause 125(1) of the ART Bill and substitutes a new subsection 125(1) for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                Subsection 125(1) provides that, subject to subclause 125(3) of the ART Bill, the Tribunal may at any time during a review of a first-tier decision, ask the decision-maker to reconsider the decision.

3.                The new subsection 125(1) does not incorporate paragraphs 125(1)(a) and (b) of the ART Bill as those subparagraphs are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

919.Clause  55: Subsection 125(2)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘original’ in subclause 125(2) of the ART Bill.  The reference to an ‘original’ decision is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

920.Clause  56: Section 126

921.New section 126: Effect of variation etc. on review

1.                This clause disapplies clause 126 of the ART Bill and substitutes a new section 126 for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                New section 126, retains the intention of clause 126 in the unmodified ART Bill, but omits references to an ‘original’ decision and ‘first-tier review’ where it relates to a first-tier review by the Tribunal.  Those references are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

922.Clause  57: Division 1 of Part 8 (note after the heading)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘original’ from the note after the heading to Division 1 of Part 8 of the ART Bill.  The reference to an ‘original’ decision is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

923.Clause  58: Subsection 130(1)

2.                This clause substitutes the words ‘a first-tier’ for ‘an original’ in subclause 130(1) of the ART Bill.  This is because the subclause applies to a first-tier decision for the purposes of an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

924.Clause  59: Subsections 133(1) to (4)

1.                This clause disapplies subclauses 133(1), (2), (3) and (4) of the ART Bill and substitutes new subsections 133(1) and (2) for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                Subsections 133(1) and (2), while retaining the intent of the corresponding subclauses in the ART Bill, do not incorporate reference to a first-tier review by the Tribunal of an original decision.  These references are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

925.Clause  60: After section 133

926.New section 133A: Cases where Tribunal need not make a decision in substitution for another decision

1.                This clause inserts a new section 133A after clause 133 of the ART Bill for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                New section 133A preserves the present position under section 176(7) of the VEA.  The section sets out the circumstances in which the ART need not make another decision in substitution for a decision set aside.  The section replicates the operation of subsection 176(7) of the VEA in respect of the AAT.

927.Clause  61: Subsections 134(1) and (2)

1.                This clause substitutes a new subsection 134(1) for subclauses 134(1) and (2) of the ART Bill for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                This clause, while retaining the intention of the subsections in the unmodified ART Bill, omits the reference to provisions that apply to a first-tier review by the Tribunal.  Those references are not relevant to application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

928.Clause  62: Subsection 134(3)

1.                This clause changes the reference to ‘Subsections (1) and (2) do’ in subclause 134(3) of the ART Bill to ‘Subsection (1) does’.  Subclause 134(2) is disapplied by clause 61 of this Schedule.

929.Clause  63: Paragraphs 135(3)(a) and (b)

1.                This clause substitutes ‘first-tier’ for ‘original’ in paragraphs 135(3)(a) and (b) of the ART Bill.  This is because the paragraphs apply to a first-tier decision for the purposes of an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                The heading to subclause 135(3) of the ART Bill is also modified by omitting the word ‘original’.

930.Clause  64: Subsection 135(3)

3.                This clause changes the reference to ‘original decision has’ to ‘first-tier decision has’ in subclause 135(3) of the ART Bill.  This is because the subclause applies to a first-tier decision for the purposes an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

931.Clause  65: After section 135

932.New section 135A: Effective dates of certain determinations relating to payment of pension

1.                This clause inserts new sections 135A and 135B after clause 135 of the ART Bill for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                Section 135A preserves the present position under subsections 177(1), (2), (3) and (4) of the VEA that set out the dates on which certain determinations relating to payment of pension become effective and will operate in the same manner in relation to the ART.

933.New section 135B: Period of operation of certain decisions of Tribunal

1.                Section 135B preserves the present position under section 178 of the VEA that sets out the period of operation of certain decisions of the AAT and will apply in the same manner in relation to the certain decisions of the ART.

934.Clause  66: Paragraph 136(1)(a)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘or (4)’ in subclause 136(1)(a) of the ART Bill.  Subclause 133(4) of the ART Bill is disapplied by clause 59 of this Schedule.

935.Clause  67: Subsection 139(1)

1.                This clause substitutes ‘a first-tier decision’ for ‘an original decision’ in subclause 139(1) of the ART Bill.  This is because the clause applies to a first-tier decision for the purposes of an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

936.Clause  68: After subsection 142(2)

1.                This clause inserts a new subsection 142(2A) after subclause 142(2) of the ART Bill for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                Subsection 142(2A) preserves the present position under paragraph 176(4)(b) of the VEA which provides that an application for review of a first-tier decision cannot be accepted if it is more than 12 months after the day on which the document setting out the terms of the decision was given to the applicant.  This limitation will continue under the ART.

937.Clause  69: Paragraph 153(2)(a)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘an original decision or’ in paragraph 153(2)(a) of the ART Bill.  The reference is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

938.Clause  70: Subsection 159(1)

1.                This clause substitutes ‘a first-tier decision’ for ‘an original decision’ in subclause 159(1) of the ART Bill.  This is because the subclause applies to a first-tier decision for the purposes of an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

939.Clause  71: Subsection 159(2)

1.                This clause disapplies subclause 159(2) of the ART Bill and substitutes a new subsection 159(2) for the purposes of applying the ART Bill to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

2.                The new subsection provides that the Tribunal or other person may give a document or thing to the Commission.  This modification is required because the Commission bears the responsibility for the relevant matters under the VEA rather than the ‘Agency Head’ (as defined in the ART Bill).

940.Clause  72: Paragraph 159(3)(b)

1.                This clause omits the reference to ‘original’ in paragraph 159(3)(b) of the ART Bill.  The reference to an ‘original’ decision is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

941.Clause  73: Division 1 of Part 10

1.                Division 1 of Part 10 of the ART Bill is disapplied as it is not relevant to the operation of the VEA.

942.Clause  74: Subsections 167(1) and (3)

1.                This clause disapplies subclauses 167(1) and (3) of the ART Bill as they relate to appeals to the Federal Court from a first-tier decision by the Tribunal and are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

943.Clause  75: Subsections 168(1) to (3)

1.                This clause disapplies subclauses 168(1) to (3) of the ART Bill.  These subclauses relate to time limits for instituting appeals from a first-tier decision by the Tribunal and are not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

944.Clause  76: Subsections 168(6) and (7)

1.                This clause omits the references to subclauses 168(1) and (3) from subclauses 168(6) and (7) of the ART Bill.  Subclauses 168(1) and (3) are disapplied by clause 75 of this Schedule.

945.Clause  77: Subsection 169(4) (note)

1.                This clause disapplies the note after subclause 169(4) of the ART Bill and substitutes a new note.  The new note provides that a review remitted to the Tribunal from the Federal Court would be a second-tier review.

946.Clause  78: Paragraph 171(2)(a)

2.                This clause omits the reference to ‘a first-tier decision or’ in paragraph 171(2)(a) of the ART Bill.  The omitted reference is to a first-tier review by the Tribunal and is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

947.Clause  79: Paragraph 171(3)(a)

1.                This clause disapplies paragraph 171(3)(a) of the ART Bill.  The paragraph refers to a first-tier review by the Tribunal and is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

948.Clause  80: Subparagraph 171(3)(b)(iii)

1.                This clause omits the references to ‘original’ from subparagraph 171(3)(b)(iii) of the ART Bill.  The reference to an ‘original’ decision is not relevant to an application for review made under subsection 175(1) of the VEA.

949.New Part 2—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act in relation to applications for review of certain other decisions

950.Clause  81: At the end of section 6

1.                This clause inserts subsection (2) at the end of clause 6 of the ART Bill.  Subsection (2) provides that an expression in the ART Bill that is also used in the VEA has the same meaning as it has in the VEA.

951.Clause  82: Subsections 55(2) and (3)

1.                This clause disapplies subclauses 55(2) and (3) of the ART Bill.  Where an application for review has been made under sections 175(2), (2AAA), (2AA) or (4) of the VEA, then the decision-maker is the Commission in all cases.  Subclauses 55(2) and (3) of the ART Bill are, therefore, not relevant to applications made under these subsections.

952.Clause  83: At the end of section 57

1.                This clause inserts a new subsection 57(3) at the end of clause 57 of the ART Bill.  This new subsection preserves the present position under paragraph 176(3)(a) of the VEA.  It provides that clause 57 does not apply to a person if the person has been given a copy of the decision and the statement related to that decision in accordance with section 57E or 118ZX of the VEA.

953.Clause  84: After section 133

954.New section 133A: Cases where Tribunal need not make a decision in substitution for another decision

1.                This clause inserts a new section 133A after clause 133 of the ART Bill.  Section 133A preserves the present position under subsections 176(8) and (9) of the VEA.  The new section describes the circumstances in which the ART is not required to make another decision in substitution for a decision set aside.

955.Clause  85: After section 135

956.New section 135A: Effective dates of certain determinations relating to payment of pension or allowance or to seniors health card

1.                This clause inserts a new section 135A after clause 135 of the ART Bill.  Section 135A preserves the present position under subsections 177(3), (4), (5), (5A), (5B), (5C) and (6) of the VEA.  The new section describes the effective dates of certain determinations relating to pensions, allowances and seniors health card.

957.Clause  86: After subsection 142(2)

1.                New subsection 142(2A) preserves the present position under 176(4)(b) of the VEA.  This paragraph provides that an application for review of an original decision cannot be accepted if it is more than 12 months after the day on which the document setting out the terms of the decision was given to the applicant.  This paragraph will continue to operate in the same manner in relation to an application for review to the ART.



958.Schedule 10—Amendment of the social security law

2.                This Schedule makes consequential amendments to the Social Security Act 1991 and the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999 ( SS (Administration) Act ).

959.Part 1—Amendment of Social Security Act 1991

960.Item  1: Section 22

961.New section 22: Review of decisions definitions

1.                Defines the terms ‘Administrative Review Tribunal’, ‘ART’, ‘ART Act’ and ‘ISD executive member’.

962.Item  2: Subsection 23(1) (definition of decision )

1.                This item changes a reference to the AAT Act to a reference to the ART Bill.

963.Item  3: Subsection 23(1) (definition of decision ) (note)

1.                This item repeals the note at the end of subsection 23(1).  With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this note is obsolete.

964.Item  4: Subsection 1184(2) (note)

1.                The note at the end of subsection 1184(2) refers to a particular decision of the AAT.  With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this note is obsolete.

965.Item  5: Paragraph 1184A(2)(a)

1.                This item changes the reference to an application for review by the SSAT to a reference to an application to the ART.

966.Item  6: Subsection 1222(1) (note)

1.                The note at the end of subsection 1222(1) lists the situations in which a debt may be owed to the Commonwealth under Part 5.2 of the Social Security Act 1991 .  One such situation is where the debt arises from an AAT stay order.  The provision under which the debt arises is section 1223AB of the Social Security Act.

2.                The ART will have a similar power to make a stay order.  Section 1223AB is therefore amended to ensure that if a person’s appeal to the ART is unsuccessful, any overpayment paid to the person as a result of the stay order is a debt due to the Commonwealth.  As a consequence of this change, the note at the end of subsection 1222(1) is amended by this item to refer to debts arising from an ART stay order.

967.Item  7: Subsection 1222(2) (table item 4)

1.                Item 4 in the table at the end of subsection 1222(2) also refers to an AAT stay order.  This item changes the reference to the AAT to a reference to the ART.

968.Item  8: Paragraph 1223AB(a)

1.                Section 1223AB outlines the circumstances in which a debt can arise where the AAT has made a stay order.  Section 1223AB operates where a person applies for review of a decision by the AAT (see paragraph (a)) and the AAT makes a stay order under the relevant provision of the AAT Act (see paragraph (b)).

2.                This item changes references to the AAT (including the reference in the heading) to references to the ART.

969.Item  9: Paragraph 1223AB(b)

1.                This item changes the reference to a stay order made by the AAT under subsection 41(2) of the AAT Act , to a reference to an order made by the ART under clause 121 of the ART Bill.  The amendment ensures that if a person’s appeal to the ART is unsuccessful, any overpayment paid to the person as a result of the stay order is a debt due to the Commonwealth.

970.Item  10: Section 1223AB (note 1)

1.                Note 1 to section 1223AB refers to a provision of the AAT Act that impacts on the operation of section 1223AB.  With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this note is obsolete.

971.Item  11: Subsection 1237AAB(2)

1.                This item repeals existing subsection 1237AAB(2) and substitutes a new subsection 1237AAB(2).

2.                The new provision operates where the Secretary to the Department of Family and Community Services ( Secretary ) agrees to settle debt recovery proceedings that are before the ART on the basis that the debtor will pay less than the full amount of the debt in satisfaction of the debt and the Tribunal makes a decision that is consistent with the agreement.  Where this happens, the Secretary is required to waive the right to recover the difference between the debt and the agreed amount.

3.                This provision ensures that the effect of existing subsection 1237AAB(2) is carried over into the ART regime.  In addition, the heading to subsection 1237AAB(2) is amended to reflect the substance of the new provision.

972.Part 2—Amendment of Social Security (Administration) Act 1999

973.Item  12: Paragraph 8(f)

1.                Section 8 provides that the Secretary is to have regard to certain factors in administering the social security law.  One of these factors (paragraph (f)) is the need to apply government policy in accordance with the law and with due regard to relevant decisions of the SSAT and the AAT.  Decisions made by these Tribunals will continue to be relevant for the purposes of section 8 even after the Tribunals are abolished.  However, decisions of the new Tribunal will also need to be taken into account in the administration of the social security law.  Accordingly, this item amends paragraph (f) so that it also refers to the ART.

974.Item  13: Paragraph 9(1)(b)

975.Item  14: Subsection 9(2)

1.                These items amend the provisions so that, if a Minister prepares a Government policy statement, the statement can be given to the ART and the ART must take account of the statement.

976.Item  15: Subsection 9(4)

1.                This item repeals subsection 9(4).  However, the effect of subsection 9(4) is continued into the new ART regime by paragraph 133(1)(b) of the ART Bill, as inserted by Schedule 3 to the SS (Administration) Act (see paragraph 844 of this memorandum).  This provision ensures that the ART is required to have regard to any Government policy statements in exercising its powers.

977.Item  16: Subsection 10(1)

1.                The amendment made by this item enables the Secretary and the President of the ART to agree on administrative arrangements.

978.Item  17: Subsection 10(1)

1.                This item also amends subsection 10(1) so that administrative arrangements made between the Secretary and President are done with the aim of furthering the objectives of the ART Bill as modified by Schedule 3 to this Bill.

979.Item  18: Paragraph 126(2)(b)

1.                The amendment made by this item ensures that the Secretary may review a decision even though an application has been made to the ART for review of the decision.

2.                A similar rule currently operates in relation to Secretary initiated review where a person has applied to the SSAT or the AAT for review of a decision.

980.Item  19: Paragraph 128(1)(b)

1.                Section 128 currently deals with the situation where the Secretary reviews a decision at a time when an application has been made to the SSAT (see subsection 128(1)) or AAT (see subsection 128(2)) for review of the decision.  Where this happens, the Secretary is required to give the Executive Director or the Registrar of the AAT notice of the Secretary’s decision.

2.                This item changes the reference to the SSAT in subsection 128(1), to a reference to the ART.  The heading is also amended so that it refers to the President of the ART rather than to the Executive Director of the SSAT or the Registrar of the AAT.

981.Item  20: Subsection 128(1)

1.                This item changes the reference to the Executive Director of the SSAT to a reference to the President of the ART.

982.Item  21: Subsection 128(2)

1.                This item repeals subsection 128(2) on the basis that applications to the ART are covered by the rule in subsection 128(1), as amended above.

983.Item  22: Paragraph 137(1)(f)

1.                Section 137 outlines the situations in which a decision cannot be revived.

2.                This item makes a consequential amendment to paragraph 137(1)(f) to take account of the introduction of the ART.

984.Item  23: Paragraph 137(3)(f)

1.                This item makes a similar consequential amendment to paragraph 137(3)(f).

985.Item  24: Paragraph 138(1)(a)

1.                Section 138 sets out the requirements for a notice of decision where the decision is made following customer initiated review (that is, a notice under section 136).  The provision requires the notice of decision to contain statements regarding the customer’s further review rights.  At present, these review rights lie with the SSAT and then the AAT.

2.                This item amends paragraph 138(1)(a) to take account of the introduction of the ART and the abolition of the SSAT and the AAT.  The amendment ensures that a notice of decision under section 136 must contain a statement to the effect that further review rights lie with the ART.

986.Item  25: Subparagraph 138(1)(b)(iii)

1.                This item makes a technical amendment to subparagraph 138(1)(b)(iii).  This amendment is necessary because of the repeal of subparagraph 138(1)(c).

987.Item  26: Paragraph 138(1)(c)

1.                This item repeals paragraph 138(1)(c).  This provision is superfluous in light of the amendments made to subsection 138(1).

988.Item  27: Division 3 of Part 4 (heading)

1.                Division 3 of Part 4 currently deals with review by the SSAT.

2.                This item amends the heading so that it refers to review by the ART.  The provisions in Division 3 are then modified so that they relate to review by the ART.

989.Item  28: Subdivision A of Division 3 of Part 4 (heading)

1.                The heading of Subdivision A is repealed by this item.

990.Item  29: Section 139

1.                Section 139 is the only provision in Subdivision A.  It provides for the continuance of the SSAT.

2.                With the abolition of this Tribunal, section 139 is no longer relevant and is therefore repealed by this item.

991.Item  30: Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part 4 (heading)

1.                This item repeals the heading to Subdivision B.  Dividing Part 4 into subdivisions is no longer required.

992.Item  31: Section 141

1.                Section 141 sets out the objectives of the SSAT.  With the abolition of this Tribunal, section 141 becomes redundant and is therefore repealed by this item.

993.Item  32: Subsection 142(1)

1.                Subsection 142(1) allows a person to seek review of a decision by the SSAT if the decision has been the subject of internal review under section 126 or 135 of the SS (Administration) Act.

2.                SSAT review is being replaced by ART review.  This item therefore amends subsection 142(1) to enable a person to seek ART review of a decision that has been the subject of internal review.

3.                The heading to the subsection is also amended to reflect the changes made to subsection 142(1).

994.Item  33: Subsection 142(2)

1.                Subsection 142(2) deals with the situation where the Secretary or Chief Executive Officer of Centrelink has personally made a decision.  The provision ensures that a person can seek review of such a decision even though it has not been through the internal review process.

2.                This item amends subsection 142(2) so as to enable a person to apply for ART review of such a decision.

995.Item  34: Subsections 143(1) and (2)

1.                Section 143 ensures that the SSAT can only review a decision under section 544B or 606 of the Social Security Act to the extent that it relates to the terms of an activity agreement that is in force.

2.                SSAT review is being replaced by ART review.  This item changes the reference to the SSAT to a reference to the ART.

996.Item  35: Section 144

1.                Section 144 provides that the SSAT cannot review certain specified decisions.  The amendment made by this item ensures that the ART is subject to the same restrictions.

997.Item  36: Paragraph 144(s)

1.                Paragraph 144(s) refers to a decision relating to the Secretary’s power under section 182 to settle proceeding before the AAT.

2.                Section 182 is repealed by this Schedule.  However, paragraph 109(a) of the ART Bill recognises that the Secretary and another participant to proceedings before the ART may settle a matter.  Where this happens, the Tribunal may make a decision or take action that is consistent with the agreement.

3.                Paragraph 144(s) is therefore amended so that it refers to the Secretary’s power to make an agreement mentioned in paragraph 109(a) of the ART Bill.

998.Item  37: After section 144

999.New section 144A: Conduct of reviews

1.                This item inserts a new section 144A.  This new provision ensures that the Income Support Division of the ART reviews decisions made under the social security laws in accordance with the ART Bill, as modified by Schedule 3 to the SS (Administration) Act.

1000.Item  38: Paragraph 145(1)(c)

1.                Section 145 deals with the situation where an adverse decision is made and the person affected by the decision applies to the SSAT for review of the decision.  The provision enables the Secretary to continue payment as if the adverse decision had not been made pending the outcome of the SSAT review.

2.                This item changes the reference to the SSAT to a reference to the ART.

1001.Item  39: Subparagraphs 145(4)(b)(i) and (ii)

1.                This item also changes the reference to the SSAT to a reference to the ART.

1002.Item  40: Paragraph 147(1)(b)

1.                Section 147 deals with the situation where a person fails to agree to the terms of a Youth Allowance Activity Agreement and seeks SSAT review of that decision within 14 days after being notified of the decision.  Where this happens, youth allowance continues to be payable as if the decision had not been made, pending the outcome of the review.

2.                This item changes the reference to ‘Social Security Appeal Tribunal’ to a reference to ‘ART’.

1003.Item  41: Paragraph 148(1)(b)

1.                Section 148 deals with the situation where a person fails to agree to the terms of a Newstart Allowance Activity Agreement and seeks SSAT review of that decision within 14 days after being notified of the decision.  Where this happens, newstart allowance continues to be payable as if the decision had not been made, pending the outcome of the review.

2.                This item changes the reference to the SSAT to a reference to the ART.

1004.Item  42: Sections 149 to 156

1005.New section 149: Secretary may direct that an event is to be taken to have occurred

1.                Sections 149 to 156 set out the powers of the SSAT in reviewing a decision, provide for the date of effect of an SSAT decision and deal with other procedural matters such as application requirements.  In relation to ART review, similar matters are dealt with in the ART Bill.

2.                With the abolition of the SSAT, these provisions become obsolete and are repealed.

3.                This item also inserts a new section 149 into the SS (Administration) Act.  New section 149 picks up the existing rule in subsection 149(4) (of which there is no equivalent in the ART Bill).  Under new section 149, the Secretary may direct, in certain circumstances, that an event be taken to have occurred for the purposes of the social security law.

1006.Item  43: Divisions 4 and 5 of Part 4

1.                Division 4 of Part 4 outlines the procedures for review by the SSAT.  Division 5 provides for review by the AAT.  With the abolition of the SSAT and AAT, these provisions become redundant and are therefore repealed.

2.                SSAT and AAT review is replaced by ART review.  The procedures and rules relating to ART review are dealt with in the ART Bill, as modified by Schedule 3 to the SS (Administration) Act.  These Schedule 3 modifications are outlined in Schedule 11 to this Bill.

1007.Item  44: Subclause 1(1) of Schedule 1 (definition of AAT )

1.                This item repeals the definition of ‘AAT’.  With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill), this definition is obsolete.

1008.Item  45: Subclause 1(1) of Schedule 1 (definition of SSAT )

1.                This item repeals the definition of ‘SSAT’.  With the abolition of the SSAT, this definition becomes redundant.

1009.Item  46: Schedule 4

2.                Schedule 4 provides the forms of oath and affirmation for people who are appointed as Executive Director, Director or member of the SSAT.  With the repeal of the SSAT, these forms will no longer be required.  This item therefore repeals Schedule 4.



1010.Schedule 11—New Schedule to Social Security (Administration) Act 1999

1011.Item 1: Schedule 3

2.                Item 1 replaces Schedule 3 to the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999 ( SS (Administration) Act ) with a new Schedule.  The replacement Schedule sets out modifications of the ART Bill applicable, in accordance with the new paragraph 144A(b) of the SS (Administration) Act (inserted by item 38 of Schedule 10), for the purposes of review of certain decisions made under the Act.

3.                The clauses of the replacement Schedule are explained below.

1012.Replacement Schedule 3—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act for the purposes of the review of decisions under the social security law

1013.Clause  1: Section 6

1.                This clause inserts a definition of ‘1991 Act’, meaning the Social Security Act 1991 .

1014.Clause  2: Section 6 (definition of decision-maker )

1.                This clause disapplies the definition of ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of decisions under the social security law.  The decision-maker will be the Secretary to the Department of Family and Community Services ( Secretary ).  This effect is consistent with the current review regime for social security decisions.

1015.Clause  3: Section 6

1.                This clause inserts a definition of ‘Secretary’.

1016.Clause  4: Section 6

1.                This clause inserts a definition of ‘social security law’.  This term has the same meaning as in the Social Security Act.

1017.Clause  5: Section 6

1.                This clause inserts a definition of ‘social security payment’.  This term has the same meaning as in the Social Security Act.

1018.Clause  6: At the end of section 50

1.                This clause inserts a new provision which allows the Secretary to delegate his or her powers and functions under the ART Bill in the same way as section 234 of the SS (Administration) Act provides for the delegation of the Secretary’s powers under the social security law.

1019.Clause  7: Section 55

1.                Clause 55 of the ART Bill defines ‘decision-maker’.  This definition is not required for the ART review of decisions under the social security law.  The decision-maker will be the Secretary.

1020.Clause  8: Before paragraph 56(5)(a)

1.                This clause modifies, for the purposes of social security law, subclause 56(5) of the ART Bill so that, if the Secretary initiates internal review of a social security decision and affirms the original decision, then the Secretary is not required to notify the customer concerned about the review decision.  This reflects the current position regarding notification of review decisions.

1021.Clause  9: Subsection 57(1)

1022.Clause  10: Subsection 57(2)

1023.Clause  11: Subsection 57(3)

1024.Clause  12: Paragraphs 57(4)(a) and (b)

1025.Clause  13: Subsections 57(4) and (5)

1.                Clause 57 of the ART Bill outlines the circumstances in which a statement of reasons relating to an original decision must be provided by a decision-maker to a person whose interests are affected by the original decision.

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a social security decision, clauses 9 to 13 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 57 of the ART Bill (including in the heading to subclause 57(2)) to references to ‘Secretary’.

1026.Clause  14: Paragraphs 58(1)(a) and (b)

1027.Clause  15: Subsection 58(1)

1028.Clause  16: Subsection 58(2)

1029.Clause  17: Subsection 58(3)

1.                Clause 58 of the ART Bill deals with the situation where a person requests a statement of reasons and the decision-maker does not give the person the statement within 28 days of the request.

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a social security decision, clauses 14 to 17 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 58 of the ART Bill, to references to ‘Secretary’.

1030.Clause  18: Paragraph 59(1)(a)

1031.Clause  19: Subsection 59(2)

1032.Clause  20: Subsection 59(3)

1.                Clause 59 of the ART Bill provides for the review of the adequacy of a statement of reasons provided by a decision-maker.  Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a social security decision, clauses 18 to 20 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 59 of the ART Bill, to references to ‘Secretary’.

1033.Clause  21: Subsection 60(2)

1.                Clause 60 of the ART Bill provides for the exclusion of confidential material in prescribed circumstances from a statement of reasons.

2.                Clause 21 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1034.Clause  22: Paragraph 63(a)

1.                Clause 63 of the ART Bill allows a decision-maker to apply to the ART for leave to make an application for review of the first-tier decision.

2.                Clause 22 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker in relation to the decision’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1035.Clause  23: Subparagraph 65(3)(a)(ii)

1.                Clause 65 of the ART Bill provides for the determination of an application to the Tribunal for leave to make an application for review of a first-tier decision.

2.                Clause 23 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker in relation to the original decision’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1036.Clause  24: Subsection 65(7)

1.                Similarly, this clause changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1037.Clause  25: Subsection 67(2)

1.                Clause 67 of the ART Bill provides for second-tier review of an original decision.  Subclause 67(2) defines ‘decision-maker’ in relation to the first-tier decision.

2.                As the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of social security decisions (both in relation to first- and second-tier review), subclause 67(2) becomes obsolete and is therefore disapplied.

1038.Clause  26: Division 1 of Part 6 (heading)

1.                The heading of Division 1 is modified for the purposes of social security law to reflect its content.

1039.Clause  27: Section 76

1.                Clause 76 of the ART Bill ensures that the decision-maker is given notice of an application for first-tier review, for leave to make an application for first- or second-tier review.

2.                Clause 27 of this Schedule modifies clause 76 for the purposes of social security law so that it is the Secretary who must be given notice of such matters.  The heading to clause 76 is also modified for the purposes of social security law to reflect this.

1040.Clause  28: Subsection 77(1)

1041.Clause  29: Subsection 77(1)

1042.Clause  30: Paragraph 77(1)(b)

1043.Clause  31: Paragraph 77(2)(b)

1044.Clause  32: Subsection 77(3)

1.                Clause 77 of the ART Bill requires a decision-maker who is given notice of a first-tier review to provide the Tribunal with a statement of reasons for the decision and any other relevant documents.

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a social security decision, clauses 28 to 32 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 77 (including the heading) to references to ‘Secretary’.

1045.Clause  33: Paragraph 78(1)(a)

1046.Clause  34: Subsection 78(1)

1047.Clause  35: Paragraph 78(1)(d)

1048.Clause  36: Subsection 78(2)

1.                Clause 78 of the ART Bill deals with the situation where a statement of reasons provided by a decision-maker is not considered adequate by the ART.

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a social security decision, clauses 33 to 36 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 78, to references to ‘Secretary’.

1049.Clause  37: Subsection 79(1)

1050.Clause  38: Subsection 79(2)

1.                Under clause 79 of the ART Bill, if the Tribunal considers that the decision-maker has or may have other documents relevant to a review, the Tribunal can require a decision-maker to give those documents to the Tribunal.

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a social security decision, clauses 37 to 38 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 79 (including the heading) to references to ‘Secretary’.

1051.Clause  39: After section 79

1052.New section 79A: Use of Secretary’s powers under section 192 of the Social Security Administration Act to obtain information etc.

1.                This clause inserts a new section 79A.  New section 79A continues the effect of section 166 of the SS (Administration) Act that is repealed by Schedule 10 to this Bill.

2.                Under new section 79A, the Tribunal may request the Secretary to exercise his or her power under section 192 of the SS (Administration) Act if the Tribunal considers that a person has information or a document relevant to a review being conducted by the Tribunal.  Under section 192, the Secretary may require a person to give information or produce a document for specified purposes (that is, if the information or document is relevant to the rate of a social security payment that is or was applicable to a person).

1053.Clause  40: Subsection 82(2)

1054.Clause  41: Subsection 82(3)

1055.Clause  42: Subsection 82(4)

1.                Under clause 82 of the ART Bill, the Tribunal may decide that a decision-maker is not required to comply with a requirement to provide the Tribunal with a statement of reasons or other documents (for example, for reasons of confidentiality).

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a social security decision, clauses 40 to 42 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 82, to references to ‘Secretary’.

1056.Clause  43: Paragraph 84(1)(b)

1.                Clause 84 of the ART Bill specifies the participants in a review.  The ‘decision-maker’ is a participant.

2.                Clause 43 of this Schedule modifies paragraph 84(1)(b) for the purposes of social security law to ensure that the Secretary (and not the decision-maker) is a participant in a review.

1057.Clause  44: Section 85

1.                This clause disapplies clause 85 of the ART Bill.  This provision is obsolete because the Secretary (and not the decision-maker) is a participant in a review.

1058.Clause  45: Subsection 87(1)

1.                Clause 87 of the ART Bill allows a participant (except the applicant, the decision-maker or the Attorney-General) to apply to the Tribunal to cease to be a participant.

2.                Clause 34 of this Schedule modifies subclause 87(1) for the purposes of social security law to take account of the fact that the Secretary, rather than the decision-maker, is a participant in a review.

1059.Clause  46: Section 94

2.                Clause 94 of the ART Bill requires a decision-maker who is a participant in a review to assist the Tribunal to make its decision.  This provision is modified for the purposes of social security law so that the Secretary (and not the decision-maker) is under this obligation.  The heading to clause 94 is modified in a similar manner.

1060.Clause  47: Paragraph 96(3)(a)

1.                Subclause 96(3) of the ART Bill allows the Tribunal to review a matter on ‘the papers’ where the decision-maker has provided the Tribunal with all the relevant information (that is, a statement of reasons and any other required documents) and the applicant has had the opportunity of providing the Tribunal with his or her documents.

2.                As the Secretary is responsible for providing the Tribunal with relevant information, the reference in paragraph 96(3)(a) to ‘decision-maker’ is changed to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1061.Clause  48: At the end of section 105

1.                This clause inserts a new subsection 105(2).  The new provision makes it clear that subclause 105(1) of the ART Bill does not prevent a delegate of the Secretary from appearing before the Tribunal.

1062.Clause  49: Subsection 108(2)

1.                Under clause 108(2) of the ART Bill, the practice and procedure determined by the Tribunal for the conduct of a review may require a participant (including the Secretary) to do specified things.

2.                Clause 49 of this Schedule ensures that the Secretary cannot be subject to a requirement under subclause 108(2).  This change ensures that the Secretary’s role as a participant in ART review remains similar to the role of the Secretary in SSAT review.

1063.Clause  50: After subsection 110(1)

1.                Under subclause 110(1) of the ART Bill, the practice and procedure directions may require a conference of participants be held or that participants take part in some other process.

2.                New subsection 110(1A) excludes the Secretary from this requirement.  This change ensures that the Secretary’s role as a participant in ART review remains similar to the role of the Secretary in SSAT review.

1064.Clause  51: Subsection 117(2)

1.                Under clause 117(2) of the ART Bill, the practice and procedure determined by an inquiry officer for the conduct of a review may require a participant (including the Secretary) to do specified things.

2.                Clause 51 of this Schedule ensures that the Secretary cannot be subject to a requirement under subclause 117(2).  This change ensures that the Secretary’s role as a participant in ART review remains similar to the role of the Secretary in SSAT review.

1065.Clause  52: After subsection 121(1)

1.                Subclause 121(1) of the ART Bill provides the general rule that an application to the Tribunal for first-tier review, for leave to apply for second-tier review or for second-tier review does not affect the operation or implementation of the decision that is the subject of the application.

2.                New subsection 121(1A) makes it clear that subclause 121(1) does not affect the operation of the provisions in the SS (Administration) Act that allow or require the Secretary to continue payment pending the review.

3.                Clause 52 of this Schedule also changes a reference to ‘decision-maker’ in the heading to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1066.Clause  53: Section 123

1.                This clause disapplies clause 123 of the ART Bill in recognition of the Secretary’s power to review a decision even though an application has been made to the ART for review of the decision (see section 126 of the SS (Administration) Act as amended by Schedule 10 to this Bill).

1067.Clause  54: Paragraph 124(1)(a)

1068.Clause  55: Paragraph 124(1)(b)

1069.Clause  56: Paragraph 124(2)(a)

1070.Clause  57: Subsection 124(3)

1071.Clause  58: Subsections 124(4), (5) and (6)

1072.Clause  59: Paragraphs 124(7)(a) and (b)

1.                Clause 124 of the ART Bill allows the Tribunal to request a decision-maker to reconsider a decision where new information relevant to the decision has come to light.

2.                As the Secretary is responsible for decision-making under the social security law, clauses 54 to 59 of this Schedule modify clause 124 (including the relevant headings) for social security law by changing references to ‘decision-maker’ to references to ‘Secretary’.

1073.Clause  60: Subsection 125(1)

1074.Clause  61: Subsection 125(2)

1075.Clause  62: Subsection 125(3)

1076.Clause  63: Subsections 125(4), (5) and (6)

1.                Clause 125 of the ART Bill allows the Tribunal to ask a decision-maker to reconsider a decision.

2.                As the Secretary is responsible for decision-making under the social security law, clauses 60 to 63 of this Schedule modify clause 125 (including the relevant headings) for social security law by replacing references to ‘decision-maker’ with references to ‘Secretary’.

1077.Clause  64: Subsections 126(1) and (2)

1.                This clause modifies for the purposes of social security law the section references in subclauses 126(1) and (2) of the ART Bill so that they reflect several changes made by Schedules 10 and 11 of this Bill: that is, the continuing applicability of section 126 of the SS (Administration) Act and the disapplication of clause 123 of the ART Bill for social security purposes.

1078.Clause  65: Subsection 126(3)

1.                This clause replaces subclause 126(3) of the ART Bill for similar reasons.

1079.Clause  66: Division 1 of Part 8 (note after the Division heading)

1.                This clause changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1080.Clause  67: Subsection 128(1)

1.                Clause 128 of the ART Bill deals with the situation where a participant (other than the decision-maker or the Attorney-General) fails to attend the review.

2.                Clause 67 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1081.Clause  68: Section 129

1.                Clause 129 of the ART Bill deals with the situation where a participant (other than the decision-maker or the Attorney-General) fails to comply with the practice and procedure directions or other directions or obligations imposed by the Tribunal.

2.                Clause 68 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1082.Clause  69: Subsection 133(1)

1.                Clause 133 of the ART Bill deals with the powers of the Tribunal in reviewing a decision.

2.                Clause 69 of this Schedule inserts new subsections 133(1), (1A) and (1B).

3.                Under new subsection 133(1), the Tribunal may, in reviewing an original decision, exercise all the powers and discretions conferred on the Secretary under the social security law.  The Tribunal is also required to have regard to any Government policy statement made under section 9 of the SS (Administration) Act and provided to the Tribunal.

4.                New subsection 133(1A) lists those powers and discretions conferred on the Secretary under the social security law that are not to be exercised by the Tribunal in reviewing a decision.

5.                New subsection 133(1B) allows the Tribunal, in reviewing a decision, to also exercise all the powers and discretions conferred on the Secretary under the Health Insurance Act 1973 .

6.                These provisions continue the effect of existing subsections 151(1), (2) and (3) of the SS (Administration) Act that outline the powers of the SSAT in reviewing a decision.

1083.Clause  70: Subsection 133(2)

1.                This is a technical modification for the purposes of social security law that makes subclause 133(2) of the ART Bill subject to the new subsection 133(2A).

1084.Clause  71: Subparagraph 133(2)(c)(ii)

1.                Under subclause 133(2) of the ART Bill, if the Tribunal sets aside an original decision, it must also either make a new decision or remit the matter to the decision-maker for reconsideration in accordance with any directions or recommendations of the Tribunal.

2.                Clause 71 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1085.Clause  72: After subsection 133(2)

1.                This clause inserts new subsection 133(2A).  This new provision continues the effect of existing section 150 of the SS (Administration) Act into the new ART regime.

2.                Under new subsection 133(2A), if the Tribunal is reviewing a decision relating to the terms of a Job Search Activity Agreement, a Youth Allowance Activity Agreement or a Newstart Activity Agreement, then the Tribunal must make a decision in writing either affirming the decision or setting the decision aside and remitting the matter to the Secretary for reconsideration in accordance with any directions or recommendations of the Tribunal.

1086.Clause  73: Subsection 133(3)

1.                This clause takes account of the insertion of new provisions into clause 133 of the ART Bill.

1087.Clause  74: Subsection 133(4) (note)

1.                The note at the end of subclause 133(4) refers to a ‘decision-maker’.  This reference is changed to ‘Secretary’.

1088.Clause  75: After section 133

1089.New section 133A: Assessment of payments following review

1.                This clause inserts a new section 133A.  This new provision continues the effect of existing subsections 149(2) and (3) of the SS (Administration) Act into the new ART regime.

2.                New section 133A deals with assessment of payment following ART review.

3.                New subsection 133A(1) operates where the Tribunal sets aside a decision and substitutes a new decision that a person is entitled to a social security payment.  Where this happens, the Tribunal can either assess the rate payable to the person itself or ask the Secretary to make such an assessment.

4.                New subsection 133A(2) is a similar provision that applies where the Tribunal decides that a person is entitled to a pension bonus.

1090.New section 133B: Tribunal may direct that an event is to be taken to have occurred

1.                This clause inserts a new section 133B.  This new provision continues the effect of existing subsection 149(4) of the SS (Administration) Act into the new ART regime.

2.                New section 133B applies where the Tribunal sets aside an original decision and is satisfied that an event that did not occur would have occurred but for the making of the original decision.  Where this happens, the Tribunal may deem the event to have occurred for the purposes of the social security law.

1091.Clause  76: Subsection 134(1)

1092.Clause  77: Subsection 134(2)

1.                Clause 134 of the ART Bill outlines the circumstances in which a decision of the Tribunal is taken to be a decision of a decision-maker.

2.                Clauses 76 and 77 of this Schedule modify this provision for the purposes of social security law by changing references to ‘decision-maker’ to references to ‘Secretary’.

1093.Clause  78: Subsection 135(3)

1.                This clause takes account of new subsection 135(5) and new section 135A.

1094.Clause  79: At the end of section 135

1.                This clause inserts new subsection 135(4) and (5).  These new provisions continue the effect of existing subsection 152(4) and (5) of the SS (Administration) Act into the new ART regime.  New subsection 135(4) is a date of effect rule that limits the availability of arrears payments where a person applies for first-tier ART review of a decision more than 13 weeks after notice of the decision was given to the person.

1095.Clause  80: After section 135

1096.New section 135A: When an Activity Agreement decision has effect

1.                This clause inserts a new section 135A.  This new provision continues the effect of existing section 153 of the SS (Administration) Act.

2.                New section 135A is a date of effect rule that applies to decisions relating to the terms of a Youth Allowance Activity Agreement or a Newstart Activity Agreement.  A decision by the Tribunal on review of such a decision has effect from the time the decision is made or a later day if specified by the Tribunal.

1097.Clause  81: Subsection 136(2)

1.                Subclause 136(2) of the ART Bill ensures that each participant and the decision-maker is given a copy of the Tribunal’s decision and, if the Tribunal has given written reasons for the decision, a copy of those reasons.

2.                Clause 81 of this Schedule changes references to ‘decision-maker’ to references to ‘Secretary’.

1098.Clause  82: Subsection 139(1)

1.                Clause 139 of the ART Bill provides for the return of documents to the decision-maker.  As the Secretary is responsible for providing the relevant information and documents to the Tribunal in relation to the review of a social security decision, the reference to ‘decision-maker’ is changed to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1099.Clause  83: Section 140 (note)

1.                This clause changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1100.Clause  84: Paragraph 153(2)(a)

1.                Subclause 153(2) of the ART Bill provides for the payment of fees and allowances to participants in a review other than the decision-maker.

2.                Clause 84 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1101.Clause  85: Section 155

2.                This clause takes account of new subsection 155(2).  The heading is also modified so that it more accurately reflects the content of clause 155.

1102.Clause  86: At the end of section 155

1.                This clause inserts new subsections 155(2), (3) and (4).  These new provisions continue the effect of existing section 176 of the SS (Administration) Act.

2.                Under these new provisions, the Tribunal may determine that the Commonwealth is to pay certain costs associated with a review.

1103.Clause  87: Subsection 159(1)

1.                Clause 159 of the ART Bill deals with the situations where the Tribunal or a person is permitted or required to give a document or thing to a decision-maker.

2.                Clause 87 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker in relation to an original decision’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1104.Clause  88: Subsection 159(2)

1.                This clause disapplies subclause 159(2) of the ART Bill.  This provision is obsolete, as the Secretary is effectively the decision-maker in relation to social security decisions.

1105.Clause  89: Subsection 167(5)

1.                Under subclause 167(5) of the ART Bill, if the Tribunal makes a decision about the adequacy of a statement of reasons, the decision-maker or the person involved may appeal to the Federal Court for review of the decision of the Tribunal.

2.                Clause 89 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.



1106.Schedule 12—Amendment of A New Tax System

(Family Assistance) (Administration) Act 1999

2.                This Schedule makes consequential amendments to the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) (Administration) Act 1999 ( FA (Administration) Act ).

1107.Item  1: Subsection 3(1) (definition of AAT )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill)this definition is obsolete.

1108.Item  2: Subsection 3(1) (definition of AAT Act )

1.                With the repeal of the AAT Act (see clause 4 of this Bill)this definition is obsolete.

1109.Item  3: Subsection 3(1)

1.                This defines ‘ART’ as the ART.

1110.Item  4: Subsection 3(1) (definition of decision )

1.                The definition of ‘decision’ is amended so that the term has the same meaning as in the ART Bill.

1111.Item  5: Subsection 3(1) (definition of Executive Director )

1.                This item repeals the definition of ‘Executive Director’.  The Executive Director is responsible for the overall operation and administration of the SSAT.  With the abolition of the SSAT, this definition is obsolete.

1112.Item  6: Subsection 3(1) (definition of SSAT )

1.                This item repeals the definition of ‘SSAT’.  With the abolition of the SSAT, this definition is obsolete.

1113.Item  7: Paragraph 73(a)

1.                Section 73 outlines the circumstances in which a debt can arise where the AAT has made a stay order.  Section 73 applies where a person applied for review of a decision by the AAT (see paragraph (a)) and the AAT makes a stay order under the relevant provision of the AAT Act (see paragraph (b)).

2.                This item amends paragraph 73(a) so that it refers to an application for review by the ART (and not the AAT).

1114.Item  8: Paragraph 73(b)

1.                This item amends paragraph 73(b).  The existing reference to a stay order made by the AAT under subsection 41(2) of the AAT Act is replaced with a reference to an order made by the ART under clause 121 of the ART Bill.  The amendment ensures that if a person’s appeal to the ART is unsuccessful, any overpayment paid to the person as a result of the stay order is a debt due to the Commonwealth.

1115.Item  9: Subsection 100(2)

1.                This item repeals existing subsection 100(2) and substitutes a new subsection 100(2).

2.                The new provision operates where the Secretary to the Department of Family and Community Services ( Secretary ) agrees to settle debt recovery proceedings that are before the ART on the basis that the debtor will pay less than the full amount of the debt in satisfaction of the debt and the Tribunal makes a decision that is consistent with the agreement.  Where this happens, the Secretary is required to waive the right to recover the difference between the debt and the agreed amount.

3.                This provision ensures that the effect of existing subsection 100(2) is carried over into the ART regime.  The heading to subsection 100(2) is also amended to reflect the substance of the provision.

1116.Item  10: Subsection 105(2)

1.                Section 105 enables the Secretary to review a decision even though an application has been made to the SSAT or the AAT for review of the decision.

2.                With the abolition of the SSAT and the AAT, it is no longer appropriate to refer to these Tribunals in section 105.  However, as ART review is replacing SSAT and AAT review, subsection 105(2) is amended accordingly.  The effect is that the Secretary can review a decision even though an application has been made to the ART for review of that decision.

1117.Item  11: Paragraph 106(6)(b)

1.                Subsection 106(6) deals with the situation where the Secretary reviews an original decision and either varies the decision or sets it aside and substitutes a new decision after a person has applied to the SSAT or AAT for review of the original decision.  Where this happens, the Secretary is required to provide written notice of the review decision to the Executive Director of the SSAT or Registrar of the AAT.

2.                With the abolition of the SSAT and the AAT, it is no longer appropriate to refer to these Tribunals in subsection 106(6).  However, as ART review is replacing SSAT and AAT review, paragraph 106(6)(b) and the heading to subsection 106(6) are amended accordingly.

1118.Item  12: Subsection 106(6)

1.                This item also amends subsection 106(6).  The existing reference to the Executive Director of the SSAT or Registrar of the AAT is replaced by a reference to the President of the ART.

1119.Item  13: Paragraph 109A(4)(b)

1.                As a general rule, the SSAT cannot review a decision that has not been reviewed by the Secretary or an authorised review officer under Division 1 of Part 5.  However, this does not prevent a person from applying to the SSAT for review of a decision despite not being entitled to do so.  Subsection 109A(4) ensures that where this happens, the application for review by the SSAT is taken to be an application for internal review.

2.                This item amends paragraph 109A(4)(b) so that if a person applies for ART review when the person is not entitled to do so, then the application is taken to be an application for internal review.

1120.Item  14: Subsection 109A(4)

1.                This item further amends subsection 109A(4) to the same end.

1121.Item  15: Paragraph 109H(1)(a)

1.                Section 109H sets out the requirements for a notice of decision where the decision is made following customer initiated review.  The provision requires the notice of decision to contain statements regarding the customer’s further review rights.  At present, these review rights lie with the SSAT and the AAT.

2.                This item amends paragraph 109H(1)(a) to take account of the introduction of the ART and the abolition of the SSAT and the AAT.  The amendment ensures that a notice of decision under section 109H must contain a statement to the effect that further review rights lie with the ART.

1122.Item  16: Subparagraph 109H(1)(b)(iii)

1.                This item makes a technical amendment to subparagraph 109H(1)(b)(iii).  This amendment is necessary because of the repeal of paragraph 109H(1)(c).

1123.Item  17: Paragraph 109H(1)(c)

1.                This item repeals paragraph 109H(1)(c).  This provision is superfluous in light of amendments made to paragraph 109H(1)(a).

1124.Item  18: Division 2 of Part 5 (heading)

2.                Division 2 of Part 5 currently deals with review by the SSAT.  This item amends the heading so that it refers to review by the ART.  The provisions in Division 2 are then modified so that they relate to review by the ART.

1125.Item  19: Section 110

1.                Section 110 sets out the objectives of the SSAT.  With the abolition of this Tribunal, section 110 becomes obsolete and is therefore repealed by this item.

1126.Item  20: Subsection 111(1)

1.                The general rule is that a person can only apply to the SSAT for review of a decision if the decision has been subject to internal review under Division 1.  This rule is embodied in subsection 111(1).

2.                The amendment made by this item ensures that a similar general rule applies in relation to applications for ART review: that is, a person may apply to the Tribunal for review of a decision only if the decision has been subject to internal review.

3.                A consequential amendment is also made to the heading to subsection 111(1) so that it reflects the new arrangement.

1127.Item  21: Subsection 111(1A)

1.                A person cannot seek internal review of a decision that has been made by the Secretary personally or by an Agency Head personally.  However, under subsection 111(1A), such a decision can be the subject of an application for review by the SSAT.

2.                The amendment made by this item ensures that a similar rule applies in relation to applications for ART review.

1128.Item  22: Subsection 111(1B)

1.                Subsection 111(1B) provides that if an agreement is made under subsection 91A(3) of the Child Support (Assessment) Act 1989 about an agreement, then both parties to the agreement are taken to be persons whose interests are affected by the decision.  In effect, this means that either party to the agreement can apply to the SSAT for review of the decision.

2.                This item repeals subsection 111(1B).  However, the effect of subsection 111(1B) is continued by new subsection 61(1A) of the ART Bill (see modification made by Schedule 13 to this Bill).

1129.Item  23: Subsection 111(2)

1.                This is a technical amendment that ensures that a person cannot apply for ART review of any of the decisions specified in subsection 111(2).

1130.Item  24: Paragraph 111(2)(e)

1.                Paragraph 111(2)(e) refers to a decision relating to the Secretary’s power under section 146 to settle proceeding before the AAT.

2.                Section 146 is repealed by this Schedule.  However, paragraph 109(a) of the ART Bill recognises that the Secretary and another participant to proceedings before the ART may settle a matter.  Where this happens, the Tribunal may make a decision or take action that is consistent with the agreement.

3.                Paragraph 111(2)(e) is therefore amended so that it refers to the Secretary’s power to make an agreement mentioned in paragraph 109(a) of the ART Bill.

1131.Item  25: At the end of paragraph 111(2)(f)

1.                Paragraph 111(2)(f) currently ensures that the SSAT cannot review a decision under Part 8 (relating to the approval of child care services and registered carers).  However, the AAT can review certain Part 8 decisions because of the operation of section 144.

2.                In light of the abolition of both the SSAT and the AAT, paragraph 111(2)(f) is amended so that the ART can review those Part 8 decisions that are currently subject to AAT review.  These decisions are listed in the new subparagraphs inserted by this item.

1132.Item  26: Sections 111A and 111B

1133.New section 111A: Conduct of reviews

1.                Section 111A specifies time limits applicable to review by the SSAT of certain decisions.  The decisions not covered by this provision are decisions relating to the payment of family tax benefit by instalment and decisions relating to the raising of a debt.

2.                Section 111B deals with the date of effect of certain SSAT decisions relating to the payment of family tax benefit by instalment.

3.                This item repeals both sections 111A and 111B.

4.                However, new sections 61A and 135A of the ART Bill continue the effect of these provisions.  The relevant modifications are made in Schedule 13 to this Bill.

5.                This item also inserts a new section 111A.  The new provision ensures that the Income Support Division of the ART reviews family assistance decisions in accordance with the ART Bill, as modified by Schedule 1 to the FA (Administration) Act.

1134.Item  27: Paragraphs 112(1)(c) and (1A)(c)

1.                Section 112 deals with the situation where an adverse decision is made and the person affected by the decision applies to the SSAT for review of the decision.  The provision enables the Secretary to continue payment of family assistance as if the adverse decision had not been made, pending the outcome of the SSAT review.

2.                This item amends section 112 so that a similar rule applies where an adverse decision is made and an application is made to the ART (rather than the SSAT) for review of the decision.

1135.Item  28: Subparagraphs 112(3)(b)(i) and (ii)

2.                This item makes further amendments to section 112 to the same end.  This item also changes references to the SSAT to references to the ART.

1136.Item  29: Section 113

1137.New section 113: Secretary may direct that an event is to be taken to have occurred

1.                Section 113 currently sets out the review powers of the SSAT.  With the abolition of the SSAT, these powers become obsolete.  Section 113 is therefore repealed.

2.                SSAT review is replaced by ART review.  The ART Bill sets out the review powers of the Tribunal (which are not dissimilar to those of the SSAT).  However, there is no equivalent power in that Act to the current subsection 113(3).  This item therefore preserves the effect of subsection 113(3) in new section 113.  Under new section 113, the Secretary may direct, in certain circumstances, that an event be taken to have occurred for the purposes of the family assistance law.

1138.Item  30: Section 114

1139.New section 114: Notice by Secretary of ART decision relating to a determination of conditional eligibility for child care benefit by fee reduction etc.

1.                Section 114 currently provides that the SSAT can exercise all the relevant powers and discretions of the Secretary in reviewing a decision.  With the abolition of the SSAT, this provision is no longer required and is therefore repealed.

2.                This item also inserts a new section 114.  The new provision continues the effect of current section 141A.  Section 141A is repealed by item 32 of this Schedule.

3.                New section 114 outlines the situations in which the Secretary must give a child care service notice of an ART decision.

1140.Item  31: Sections 116, 117 and 118

1.                These provisions deal with a number of matters relevant to the SSAT (for example, application requirements).  With the abolition of the SSAT, these provisions become obsolete and are therefore repealed by this item.  Similar issues relating to the ART are dealt with in the ART Bill (as modified where appropriate by Schedule 13 to this Bill).

1141.Item  32: Divisions 3 and 4 of Part 5

1.                Division 3 of Part 5 outlines the procedures for review by the SSAT.  Division 4 provides for review by the AAT.  With the abolition of the SSAT and AAT, these provisions become obsolete and are therefore repealed.

2.                SSAT and AAT review is replaced by ART review.  The procedures and rules relating to Tribunal review are dealt with in the ART Bill, as modified by Schedule 1 to the FA (Administration) Act.  The modifications are outlined in Schedule 13 to this Bill.

1142.Item  33: Subsection 219A(2) (table item 10)

1.                Item 10 in the table in subsection 219A(2) refers to section 141A.  While section 141A is being repealed in this Schedule, the provision is replicated in new section 114 (see item 30).  This item therefore makes a technical amendment to reflect this change in numbering.

1143.Item  34: Paragraph 235(4)(b)

1.                Section 235 is a regulation-making power.  Subsection 235(4) allows regulations to be made concerning the date of effect of review decisions made by the Secretary, an authorised review officer, the SSAT or the AAT.

2.                With the abolition of the SSAT and the AAT, this provision is amended to omit references to these tribunals.  The provision will, however, continue to operate in relation to decisions made under Part 5.



1144.Schedule 13—New Schedule to A New Tax System

(Family Assistance) (Administration) Act 1999

1145.Item 1: At the end of the Act

2.                Item 1 adds a new Schedule 1 to the end of the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) (Administration) Act 1999 ( FA (Administration) Act ).  The new Schedule sets out modifications of the ART Bill applicable, in accordance with the new section 111A(b) of the FA (Administration) Act (inserted by item 26 of Schedule 12), for the purposes of review of certain decisions made under the Act.

3.                The clauses of the new Schedule are explained below.

1146.New Schedule 1—Modified application of Administrative Review Tribunal Act for the purposes of the review of decisions under the family assistance law

1147.Clause  1: Section 6 (definition of decision-maker )

1.                This clause disapplies the definition of ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of decisions under the family assistance law.  The decision-maker will be the Secretary to the Department of Family and Community Services ( Secretary ).  This effect is consistent with the current review regime for family assistance decisions.

1148.Clause  2: Section 6

1.                This clause inserts a definition of ‘Secretary’.

1149.Clause  3: Section 6

1.                This clause inserts a definition of ‘family assistance law’.  This term has the same meaning as in the FA (Administration) Act.

1150.Clause  4: At the end of section 50

1.                This clause inserts a new subsection 50(5).  The new provision allows the Secretary to delegate his or her powers and functions under the ART Bill in the same way as section 221 of the FA (Administration) Act provides for the delegation of the Secretary’s powers under the family assistance law.

1151.Clause  5: Section 55

1.                Clause 55 of the ART Bill defines ‘decision-maker’.  This definition is not required for the ART review of decisions under the family assistance law.  The decision-maker will be the Secretary.

1152.Clause  6: Before paragraph 56(5)(a)

1.                This clause modifies subclause 56(5) of the ART Bill for the purposes of family assistance law so that if the Secretary initiates internal review of a family assistance decision and affirms the original decision, then the Secretary is not required to notify the customer concerned about the review decision.  This reflects the current position regarding notification of review decisions.

1153.Clause 7: Subsection 57(1)

1154.Clause  8: Subsection 57(2)

1155.Clause  9: Subsection 57(3)

1156.Clause  10: Paragraphs 57(4)(a) and (b)

1157.Clause  11: Subsections 57(4) and (5)

1.                Clause 57 of the ART Bill outlines the circumstances in which a statement of reasons relating to an original decision must be provided by a decision-maker to a person whose interests are affected by the original decision.

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a family assistance decision, clauses 7 to 11 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 57 (including in the heading to subclause 57(2)) to references to ‘Secretary’.

1158.Clause 12: Paragraphs 58(1)(a) and (b)

1159.Clause  13: Subsection 58(1)

1160.Clause  14: Subsection 58(2)

1161.Clause  15: Subsection 58(3)

1.                Clause 58 of the ART Bill deals with the situation where a person requests a statement of reasons and the decision-maker does not give the person the statement within 28 days of the request.

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a family assistance decision, clauses 12 to 15 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 58, to references to ‘Secretary’.

1162.Clause 16: Paragraph 59(1)(a)

1163.Clause  17: Subsection 59(2)

1164.Clause  18: Subsection 59(3)

1.                Clause 59 of the ART Bill provides for the review of the adequacy of a statement of reasons provided by a decision-maker.  Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a family assistance decision, clauses 16 to 18 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 59, to references to ‘Secretary’.

1165.Clause  19: Subsection 60(2)

1.                Clause 60 of the ART Bill provides for the exclusion of confidential material in prescribed circumstances from a statement of reasons.

2.                Clause 19 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1166.Clause  20: Subsection 61(1)

1.                Under subclause 61(1) of the ART Bill, a person whose interests are affected by an original decision may apply to the Tribunal for review of that decision.

2.                Clause 20 of this Schedule takes account of new section 61A.

1167.Clause  21: After subsection 61(1)

1.                This clause inserts a new subsection 61(1A).  The new provision continues the effect of subsection 111(1B) of the FA (Administration) Act into the new ART regime.

2.                New subsection 61(1A) addresses the situation where a decision is made under subsection 91A(3) of the Child Support (Assessment) Act 1989 about a particular agreement.  Where this happens, both parties to the agreement are taken to be persons whose interests are affected by the decision.  Either party can therefore seek ART review of the decision.

1168.Clause  22: After section 61

1169.New section 61A: Time limits for applying for review of certain decisions

1.                This clause inserts a new section 61A.  The new provision continues the effect of section 111A of the FA (Administration) Act into the new ART regime.

2.                New section 61A provides that a person must apply to the ART for review of a decision (other than an exempted decision) no later than 13 weeks after being notified of the decision.  An exempted decision is a decision relating to the payment of family tax benefit by instalment or a decision to raise a debt.

3.                However, the Tribunal will have a discretion to extend the 13-week limit in special circumstances.

1170.Clause  23: Paragraph 63(a)

1.                Clause 63 of the ART Bill allows a decision-maker to apply to the ART for leave to make an application for review of the first-tier decision.

2.                Clause 23 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker in relation to the decision’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1171.Clause  24: Subparagraph 65(3)(a)(ii)

1.                Clause 65 of the ART Bill provides for the determination of an application to the Tribunal for leave to make an application for review of a first-tier decision.

2.                Clause 24 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker in relation to the original decision’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1172.Clause  25: Subsection 65(7)

1.                Similarly, this clause changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1173.Clause  26: Subsection 67(2)

1.                Clause 67 of the ART Bill provides for second-tier review of an original decision.  Subclause 67(2) defines ‘decision-maker’ in relation to the first-tier decision.

2.                As the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of family assistance decisions (both in relation to first and second-tier review), subclause 67(2) becomes obsolete and is therefore disapplied.

1174.Clause  27: Division 1 of Part 6 (heading)

1.                The heading of Division 1 is modified (for the purposes of family assistance law) to reflect its content.

1175.Clause  28: Section 76

1.                Clause 76 of the ART Bill ensures that the decision-maker is given notice of an application for first-tier review, for leave to make an application for first- or second-tier review.

2.                Clause 28 of this Schedule modifies clause 76 for the purposes of family assistance law so that it is the Secretary who must be given notice of such matters.  The heading to clause 76 is also modified to reflect this.

1176.Clause 29: Subsection 77(1)

1177.Clause  30: Subsection 77(1)

1178.Clause  31: Paragraph 77(1)(b)

1179.Clause  32: Paragraph 77(2)(b)

1180.Clause  33: Subsection 77(3)

1.                Clause 77 of the ART Bill requires a decision-maker who is given notice of a first-tier review to provide the Tribunal with a statement of reasons for the decision and any other relevant documents.

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a family assistance decision, clauses 29 to 33 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 77 (including the heading) to references to ‘Secretary’.

1181.Clause 34: Paragraph 78(1)(a)

1182.Clause  35: Subsection 78(1)

1183.Clause  36: Paragraph 78(1)(d)

1184.Clause  37: Subsection 78(2)

1.                Clause 78 of the ART Bill deals with the situation where a statement of reasons provided by a decision-maker is not considered adequate by the ART.

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a family assistance decision, clauses 34 to 37 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 78, to references to ‘Secretary’.

1185.Clause 38: Subsection 79(1)

1186.Clause  39: Subsection 79(2)

1.                Under clause 79 of the ART Bill, if the Tribunal considers that the decision-maker has or may have other documents relevant to a review, the Tribunal can require a decision-maker to give those documents to the Tribunal.

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a family assistance decision, clauses 38 and 39 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 79 (including the heading) to references to ‘Secretary’.

1187.Clause  40: After section 79

1188.New section 79A: Use of Secretary’s powers under section 154 of the Family Assistance Administration Act to obtain information etc.

1.                This clause inserts a new section 79A.  New section 79A continues the effect of section 129 of the FA (Administration) Act.  Section 129 is repealed by Schedule 12 to this Bill.

2.                Under new section 79A, the Tribunal may request the Secretary to exercise his or her power under section 154 of the FA (Administration) Act if the Tribunal considers that a person has information or a document relevant to a review being conducted by the Tribunal.  Under section 154, the Secretary may require a person to give information or produce a document for specified purposes.

1189.Clause 41: Subsection 82(2)

1190.Clause  42: Subsection 82(3)

1191.Clause  43: Subsection 82(4)

1.                Under clause 82 of the ART Bill, the Tribunal may decide that a decision-maker is not required to comply with a requirement to provide the Tribunal with a statement or reasons or other documents (for example, for reasons of confidentiality).

2.                Consistent with the notion that the Secretary is the ‘decision-maker’ for the purposes of ART review of a family assistance decision, clauses 41 to 43 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 82, to references to ‘Secretary’.

1192.Clause  44: Paragraph 84(1)(b)

1.                Clause 84 of the ART Bill specifies the participants in a review.  The ‘decision-maker’ is a participant.

2.                Clause 44 of this Schedule modifies paragraph 84(1)(b) for the purposes of family assistance law, to ensure that the Secretary (and not the decision-maker) is a participant in a review.

1193.Clause  45: Section 85

1.                This clause disapplies clause 85.  This provision is obsolete because the Secretary (and not the decision-maker) is a participant in a review.

1194.Clause  46: Subsection 87(1)

1.                Clause 87 of the ART Bill allows a participant (except the applicant, the decision-maker or the Attorney-General) to apply to the Tribunal to cease to be a participant.

2.                Clause 46 of this Schedule modifies subclause 87(1) for the purposes of family assistance law, to take account of the fact that the Secretary, rather than the decision-maker, is a participant in a review.

1195.Clause  47: Section 94

2.                Clause 94 of the ART Bill requires a decision-maker who is a participant in a review to assist the Tribunal to make its decision.  This provision is modified for the purposes of family assistance law so that the Secretary (and not the decision-maker) is under this obligation.  The heading to clause 94 is modified in a similar manner.

1196.Clause  48: Paragraph 96(3)(a)

1.                Subclause 96(3) of the ART Bill allows the Tribunal to review a matter on ‘the papers’ where the decision-maker has provided the Tribunal with all the relevant information (that is, a statement of reasons and any other required documents) and the applicant has had the opportunity of providing the Tribunal with his or her documents.

2.                As the Secretary is responsible for providing the Tribunal with relevant information, this clause changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1197.Clause  49: At the end of section 105

1.                This clause inserts a new subsection 105(2).  The new provision makes it clear that subclause 105(1) does not prevent a delegate of the Secretary from appearing before the Tribunal.

1198.Clause  50: Subsection 108(2)

1.                Under clause 108(2) of the ART Bill, the practice and procedure determined by the Tribunal for the conduct of a review may require a participant (including the Secretary) to do specified things.

2.                Clause 50 of this Schedule ensures that the Secretary cannot be subject to a requirement under subclause 108(2).  This change ensures that the Secretary’s role as a participant in ART review remains similar to the role of the Secretary in SSAT review.

1199.Clause  51: After subsection 110(1)

1.                Under subclause 110(1) of the ART Bill, the practice and procedure directions may require a conference of participants be held or that participants take part in some other process.

2.                New subsection 110(1A) excludes the Secretary from this requirement.  This change ensures that the Secretary’s role as a participant in ART review remains similar to the role of the Secretary in SSAT review.

1200.Clause  52: Subsection 117(2)

1.                Under subclause 117(2) of the ART Bill, the practice and procedure determined by an inquiry officer for the conduct of a review may require a participant (including the Secretary) to do specified things.

2.                Clause 52 of this Schedule ensures that the Secretary cannot be subject to a requirement under subclause 117(2).  This change ensures that the Secretary’s role as a participant in ART review remains similar to the role of the Secretary in SSAT review.

1201.Clause  53: After subsection 121(1)

1.                Subclause 121(1) of the ART Bill provides the general rule that an application to the Tribunal for first-tier review, for leave to apply for second-tier review or for second-tier review does not affect the operation or implementation of the decision that is the subject of the application.

2.                New subsection 121(1A) makes it clear that subclause 121(1) does not affect the operation of the provision in the FA (Administration) Act that allows the Secretary to continue payment pending review.

3.                Clause 53 of this Schedule also changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ in the heading to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1202.Clause  54: Section 123

1.                This clause disapplies clause 123 of the ART Bill in recognition of the Secretary’s power to review a decision even though an application has been made to the ART for review of the decision (see section 105 of the FA (Administration) Act as amended by Schedule 12 to this Bill).

1203.Clause 55: Paragraph 124(1)(a)

1204.Clause  56: Paragraph 124(1)(b)

1205.Clause  57: Paragraph 124(2)(a)

1206.Clause  58: Subsection 124(3)

1207.Clause  59: Subsections 124(4), (5) and (6)

1208.Clause  60: Paragraphs 124(7)(a) and (b)

1.                Clause 124 of the ART Bill allows the Tribunal to request a decision-maker to reconsider a decision where new information relevant to the decision has come to light.

2.                As the Secretary is responsible for decision-making under the family assistance law, clauses 55 to 60 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 124 (including relevant headings) to references to ‘Secretary’.

1209.Clause 61: Subsection 125(1)

1210.Clause  62: Subsection 125(2)

1211.Clause  63: Subsection 125(3)

1212.Clause  64: Subsections 125(4), (5) and (6)

1.                Clause 125 of the ART Bill allows the Tribunal to ask a decision-maker to reconsider a decision.

2.                As the Secretary is responsible for decision-making under the family assistance law, clauses 61 to 64 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ in clause 125 (including relevant headings) to references to ‘Secretary’.

1213.Clause  65: Subsections 126(1) and (2)

1.                This clause modifies for the purposes of family assistance law the section references in subclauses 126(1) and (2) so that they reflect several changes and modifications made by Schedules 12 and 13 of this Bill: that is, the continuing applicability of section 105 of the FA (Administration) Act and the disapplication of clause 123 of the ART Bill for family assistance purposes.

1214.Clause  66: Subsection 126(3)

1.                This clause replaces subclause 126(3) for similar reasons.

1215.Clause  67: Division 1 of Part 8 (note after the Division heading)

1.                This clause changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1216.Clause  68: Subsection 128(1)

2.                Clause 128 of the ART Bill deals with the situation where a participant (other than the decision-maker or the Attorney-General) fails to attend the review.  Clause 68 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1217.Clause  69: Section 129

1.                Clause 129 of the ART Bill deals with the situation where a participant (other than the decision-maker or the Attorney-General) fails to comply with the practice and procedure directions or other directions or obligations imposed by the Tribunal.

2.                Clause 69 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1218.Clause  70: Subsection 133(1)

1.                This clause ensures that the Tribunal may exercise all the powers and discretions conferred by the family assistance law on the Secretary in reviewing an original decision.

1219.Clause  71: Subparagraph 133(2)(c)(ii)

1.                Under subclause 133(2) of the ART Bill, if the Tribunal sets aside an original decision, it must also either make a new decision or remit the matter to the decision-maker for reconsideration in accordance with any directions or recommendations of the Tribunal.

2.                Clause 71 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1220.Clause  72: Subsection 133(4) (note)

1.                This clause changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1221.Clause  73: After section 133

1222.New section 133A: Assessment of payments following review

1.                This clause inserts a new section 133A.  The new provision continues the effect of existing subsection 113(2) of the FA (Administration) Act into the new ART regime.

2.                New section 133A operates where the Tribunal sets aside a decision and substitutes a new decision that a person is entitled to family assistance, is conditionally eligible for child care benefit by fee reduction or that the weekly limit of hours, CCB % or schooling % is to be increased.  The provision gives the Tribunal the option of assessing the amount, percentage or limit or asking the Secretary to do the assessment.

1223.New section 133B: Tribunal may direct that an event is to be taken to have occurred

1.                This clause inserts a new section 133B.  The new provision continues the effect of existing subsection 113(3) of the FA (Administration) Act into the new ART regime.

2.                New section 133B applies where the Tribunal sets aside an original decision and is satisfied that an event that did not occur would have occurred but for the making of the original decision.  Where this happens, the Tribunal may deem the event to have occurred for the purposes of the family assistance law.

1224.Clause 74: Subsection 134(1)

1225.Clause  75: Subsection 134(2)

1.                Clause 134 of the ART Bill outlines the circumstances in which a decision of the Tribunal is taken to be a decision of a decision-maker.

2.                Clauses 74 and 75 of this Schedule change references to ‘decision-maker’ to references to ‘Secretary’ in clause 134.

1226.Clause  76: Subsection 135(3)

1.                This clause takes account of new subsection 135(4) and new section 135A.

1227.Clause  77: At the end of section 135

1.                This clause inserts a new subsection 135(4).  The new provision acknowledges that regulations made under the FA (Administration) Act may impact on the date of effect of a decision made by the Tribunal.  The regulations may provide for the date of effect of a decision that has the effect of creating or increasing an entitlement to be paid family tax benefit by instalment.

1228.Clause  78: After section 135

1229.New section 135A: Date of effect of certain decisions relating to payment of family tax benefit by instalment

1.                This clause inserts a new section 135A.  This new provision continues the effect of existing section 111B of the FA (Administration) Act.

2.                New section 135A provides for the date of effect of an ART decision that has the effect of creating or increasing entitlement to be paid family tax benefit by instalment.  The effect of the rule is to allow full arrears of family tax benefit to be paid if an application for Tribunal review is made within 13 weeks after notification of the internal review decision or by the end of the income year after the income year in which the circumstance to which the review relates occurred.  The Tribunal would also have a discretion to extend the 13-week limit in special circumstances.

1230.Clause  79: Subsection 136(2)

1.                Subclause 136(2) of the ART Bill ensures that each participant and the decision-maker is given a copy of the Tribunal’s decision and, if the Tribunal has given written reasons for the decision, a copy of those reasons.

2.                Clause 79 of this Schedule changes references to ‘decision-maker’ to references to ‘Secretary’.

1231.Clause  80: Subsection 139(1)

1.                Clause 139 of the ART Bill provides for the return of documents to the decision-maker.  As the Secretary is responsible for providing the relevant information and documents to the Tribunal in relation to the review of a family assistance decision, the reference to ‘decision-maker’ in this provision is changed to read ‘Secretary’.

1232.Clause  81: Section 140 (note)

1.                This clause changes the reference to a ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1233.Clause  82: At the end of section 142

1.                Clause 142 of the ART Bill enables regulations to be made providing that application to the Tribunal must be made by a specified time.

2.                Clause 82 of this Schedule inserts a new subsection 142(4).  The new provision ensures that regulations cannot be made imposing time limits on applications to the Tribunal for review of family assistance decisions (other than exempted decisions).  This is because the family assistance law, as amended by this Bill, has discrete time limit and date of effect provisions that apply in relation to specified kinds of decision.

1234.Clause  83: Paragraph 153(2)(a)

1.                Subclause 153(2) of the ART Bill provides for the payment of fees and allowances to participants in a review other than the decision-maker.  The reference to ‘decision-maker’ is changed to a reference to ‘Secretary’.

1235.Clause  84: Section 155

2.                This clause takes account of new subsection 155(2).  The heading is also modified so that it more accurately reflects the content of clause 155.

1236.Clause  85: At the end of section 155

1.                This clause inserts new subsections 155(2), (3) and (4).  These new provisions continue the effect of existing section 140 of the FA (Administration) Act.

2.                Under these new provisions, the Tribunal may determine that the Commonwealth is to pay certain costs associated with a review.

1237.Clause  86: Subsection 159(1)

1.                Clause 159 of the ART Bill deals with the situations where the Tribunal or a person is permitted or required to give a document or thing to a decision-maker.

2.                Clause 86 of this Schedule changes references to ‘decision-maker’ (including the heading) to references to ‘Secretary’.

1238.Clause  87: Subsection 159(2)

1.                This clause disapplies subclause 159(2).  This provision is obsolete, as the Secretary is effectively the decision-maker in relation to family assistance decisions.

1239.Clause  88: Subsection 167(5)

1.                Under subclause 167(5) of the ART Bill, if the Tribunal makes a decision about the adequacy of a statement of reasons, the decision-maker or the person involved may appeal to the Federal Court for review of the decision of the Tribunal.

2.                Clause 88 of this Schedule changes the reference to ‘decision-maker’ to a reference to ‘Secretary’.



1240.Schedule 14—Amendment of migration legislation

1.                This Schedule effects the necessary amendments to the migration legislation as a result of the ART Bill in three Parts as follows:

·       Part 1 (amendment of Migration Act 1958 );

·       Part 2 (amendment of Australian Citizenship Act 1948 ); and

·       Part 3 (amendment of Immigration (Guardianship of Children) Act 1946 ).

2.                The transition to the ART for the bulk of the migration merits review workload is accommodated via a self-contained code in an amended Part 5 of the Migration Act (see Part 1).

3.                This acknowledges that, in the migration context, there are substantive exceptions to many of the general review procedures contained in Parts 4 to 10 of the ART Bill, exceptions which distinguish the current MRT and RRT jurisdictions from the AAT jurisdiction.  Matters such as standing to apply for review, time limits within which to apply, no second-tier review, strict limits on appeals to the Federal Court, a Ministerial intervention power to substitute a decision for that of the review body, review ‘exclusion’ provisions for particular decisions, and prescribed times within which certain review decisions must be made are examples of some of those differences.

4.                As the legislative provisions already existed in the Migration Act to account for these differences, it was decided to effect the legislative transition to the ART via a self-contained review code to be set out in the Migration Act.

1241.The self-contained code

1.                Of the current reviewable decisions, all except the section 306 Migration Agents Registration Authority ( MARA ) decisions (which are to be reviewed by the ART in the Commercial and General Division), the section 381 and section 443 referral decisions (which are to be discontinued), and the reviews of decisions under the Australian Citizenship Act, and the Immigration (Guardianship of Children) Act (which are to be reviewed by the ART in the Commercial and General Division), are to be contained in the new Part 5 of the Migration Act, and are to be subject to the provisions of that Part, and not Parts 4 to 10 of the ART Bill.

2.                This is achieved in this Schedule as follows:

·       Part 1 (Migration Act decisions):

-      MARA decisions (section 306):

Item 48 provides that such decisions, currently AAT-reviewable, are to be reviewable in the Commercial and General Division of the ‘Tribunal’ (which is defined in item 35 to be the ART).

These decisions are in relation to migration agents registration matters, not visa related matters, and are therefore akin to licensing decisions.

As the decisions are left out of the new Part 5 of the Migration Act, review of the decisions becomes subject to the ART procedures in the ART Bill (that is, Parts 4 to 10 of that Bill will govern the conduct of these reviews).

·       Review of decisions referred to the AAT by the MRT (section 381) or the RRT (section 443):

These are discontinued in the ART context (as there is now only one merits review body) via:

-      item 201, which provides for the repeal of Division 9 of Part 5 (relating to the referral of decisions from the MRT), and

-      item 202, which provides for the repeal of Part 7, in which Division 8 was located (relating to the referral of decisions from the RRT).

·       All of the other MRT/RRT/AAT Migration Act decisions:

These are set out at the beginning of the new Part 5, new section 337A (item 71).

These decisions are reviewable by the ART, in its Immigration and Refugee Division ( IRD ) (new section 343A, inserted by item 90).

Such reviews by this ART Division are governed by the terms and conditions applying to review applications, and the procedures for the conduct of such reviews, as set out in the new Part 5 of the Migration Act (that is, the self contained code), which displaces Parts 4 to 10 of the ART Bill (see new section 343B, inserted by item 90).

The five classes of reviewable decisions are listed in new section 337A (see item 71) as:

-      Reviewable general visa decisions:

These are the current MRT reviewable decisions (current section 338) see items 57, 64, 72 and 77, together with the business skills visa cancellation decisions (current section 136).

Business skills visa cancellation decisions (section 136) are moved into the new Part 5: see items 18, 19, 20, 26, 80 and 82.

-      Reviewable protection visa decisions:

These are the current RRT reviewable decisions (current section 411), which are moved into new Part 5: see items 4, 66 and 86 (new section 338A).

-      Reviewable deportation decisions:

These are the current AAT-reviewable criminal deportation decisions (current section 500(1)(a)), which are moved into the new Part 5: see items 217, 62 and 86 (new section 338D).

-      Reviewable general character decisions:

These are the current AAT-reviewable character decisions (current section 500(1)(b), except for protection visa character decisions), which are moved into the new Part 5: see items 217, 218, 63 and 86 (new section 338B).

-      Reviewable protection visa character decisions

These are the current AAT-reviewable protection visa character decisions (current section 500(1)(c), together with the section 500(1)(b) character decisions relating to protection visas), which are moved into the new Part 5: see items 217, 218, 65 and 86 (new section 338C).

·       Parts 2 and 3 (non-Migration Act reviewable decisions):

-      Citizenship decisions made under section 52A of the Australian Citizenship Act:

Part 2 of Schedule 14 provides that such decisions, currently AAT-reviewable, are to be reviewable in the Commercial and General Division of the ART (item 244).

As the decisions are left out of the new Part 5 of the Migration Act, the review of the decisions becomes subject to the ART procedures in the ART Bill (that is, Parts 4 to 10 of that Bill will govern the conduct of these reviews).

-      Guardianship of children decisions made under section 11 of the Immigration (Guardianship of Children) Act:

Part 3 of Schedule 14 provides that such decisions, currently AAT-reviewable, are to be reviewable in the Commercial and General Division of the ART (item 251).

As the decisions are left out of the new Part 5 of the Migration Act, the review of the decisions becomes subject to the ART procedures in the ART Bill (that is, Parts 4 to 10 of that Bill will govern the conduct of these reviews).

3.                The central theme is that the bulk of the migration merits review workload is to operate in a self-contained code in the Migration Act, which is to displace the ART Bill’s provisions dealing with such matters (that is, Part 5 of the Migration Act is expressed as displacing Parts 4 to 10 of the ART Bill—see new section 343B, inserted by item 90).

4.                This effectively retains the status quo for the bulk of the migration portfolio’s reviewable decisions (97% of the decisions are MRT-reviewable or RRT-reviewable decisions).  The former migration AAT-reviewable decisions (that is, business skills visa cancellation decisions and section 500 matters, which account for 2% of the portfolio’s merits review) will move from the AAT into the amended Part 5 of the Migration Act and not to the ART Bill itself.

5.                This will involve minimal procedural changes for the former AAT-reviewable decisions, as the special features currently applying to certain section 500 character reviews are retained in the new Part 5 of the Migration Act.

1242.Procedures adopted from the ART

1.                Important aspects of ART review from the ART Bill have been incorporated into the amended Part 5 as follows:

·       review on the papers (new sections 360, 360A, 360B and 360C—see item 148);

·       discretionary hearings (new sections 361 and 361A—see item 148);

·       ending reviews/reinstatement (new sections 362B, 362C, 362D, 362E and 326F—see items 159 and 160);

·       slip rule (new section 368B—see item 179);

·       applicants to bear their own costs (new section 373A—see item 181);

·       directions (new sections 353 and 353A—see items 99 to 105);

·       practice and procedure determinations (new section 353B—see item 106);

·       removal of members (new section 343B, 353 and 355B—see items 90, 99 and 123);

·       giving documents to the Tribunal (new section 379F—see item 201);

·       ART offence provisions (new sections 370 to 372D—see item 180); and

·       ART protection and liabilities of members and others (new section 373—see item 181).

1243.Other related matters

1.                The amendments to the Migration Act deal with certainty of dispatch (from the primary decision-maker and from the Tribunal) and certainty of receipt of documents:

·       Sections 379A and 379B (certainty of dispatch):

Section 379A has been amended to deal with certainty of dispatch (see item 200).  The provision now deals with the methods by which the Tribunal gives various documents to the review applicant and to other persons (new section 379A—see item 201), and to the Secretary to the Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs ( Secretary ) (new section 379B—see item 201).

While only certain documents (notices, invitations, written statements etc) are required to be given by one of the methods specified in section 379A or section 379B (see items 136, 138 and 148), other documents might be given in these ways (new section 379AA—see item 201) and, if they are, then the provisions of new sections 379C and 379D may be invoked to determine the time when the document is taken to have been received.

As is the case now, regulations will prescribe the methods of communicating with a person who is in immigration detention.

The sections permit the Tribunal to use registered mail or a mail register where communications are posted to a review applicant or other person, but also permit the Department to provide ‘postal services’ in relation to communications between the Tribunal and the Department (recognising the arrangements which currently exist as regards the movement of files and other documents).

In addition, the sections permit the transmission of documents electronically via facsimile, or e-mail, or other electronic means.

·       Sections 379C and 379D (certainty of receipt):

These new sections prescribe when the review applicant, or another person, or the Secretary, is taken to have received a document which has been given by the Tribunal via one of the methods noted in new section 379A or 379B.

These sections incorporate the deemed receipt elements of current section 379A, together with regulation 5.03 of the Migration Regulations 1994.  In addition, they provide the receipt equivalent where a document is given by an electronic method.

·       Section 379G (authorised recipient):

New section 379G (item 201) enables a review applicant to authorise another person to receive documents in connection with the review.

·       Sections 494A and 494B (certainty of dispatch):

Item 216 adds provisions to Part 9 of the Act to mirror the certainty of dispatch/receipt provisions in the new Part 5 insofar as the primary decision maker is concerned: that is, new sections 494A and 494B provide certainty of dispatch/receipt provisions for the Minister akin to those provided for the Tribunal in new sections 379AA and 379A (see item 201).

Similar to the case for the Tribunal, only some documents are required to be given by one of the methods specified in new section 494B (new section 339A—see item 88).  However, other documents might be given in these ways (new section 494A—see item 216) and, if they are, then the provisions of new section 494C may be invoked to determine the time when the document is taken to have been received.

·       Section 494C (certainty of receipt):

This new section prescribes when a person is taken to have received a document which has been given by the Minister via one of the methods noted in new section 494B.  This is similar to the deemed receipt section for documents given by the Tribunal (new section 379C), and again picks up the deemed receipt provisions of regulation 5.03, which will be repealed on the commencement of the ART legislation.

·       Section 494D (authorised recipient):

New section 494D (item 216) enables any person having dealings with the Minister to authorise another person to receive documents on their behalf.

1244.List of provisions

1.                The amended Part 5 of the Migration Act (review of decisions) consolidates into the one Part of the Migration Act all of the current merits review provisions, together with substantial elements from the ART Bill, with appropriate and necessary modifications relevant for the migration context.  The provisions in the amended Part 5 are listed below, with reference where applicable to existing Migration Act provisions and provisions of the ART Bill:

·       Division 1 (interpretation):

-      section 337 (interpretation).

·       Division 2 (decisions to which this Part applies):

-      section 337A (decisions to which this Part applies);

-      section 338 (reviewable general visa decisions): existing sections 338 and 136;

-      section 338A (reviewable protection visa decisions): existing section 411;

-      section 338B (reviewable general character decisions): existing subsection 500(1)(b);

-      section 338C (reviewable protection visa character decisions): existing paragraphs 500(1)(b) and (c);

-      section 338D (reviewable deportation decisions): existing paragraph 500(1)(a); and

-      section 339 (conclusive certificates): existing section 339 and subsection 411(3).

·       Division 2A (notification of decisions and review rights):

-      section 339A (reviewable decisions must be notified);

-      section 340 (notification must set out review rights): existing paragraph 66(2)(d), subsection 127(2), subsection 134(7) and paragraph 501G(1)(f);

-      section 341 (documents to be provided with notification of reviewable general character decisions and reviewable protection visa character decisions): existing subsection 501G(2); and

-      section 342 (failure to comply does not affect validity of decision): existing subsections 66(4), 127(3) and 501G(4).

·       Division 3 (review by ART of decisions to which this Part applies):

-      section 343 (application for review);

-      section 343A (review to take place in the IRD);

-      section 343B (application of the ART Bill);

-      section 344 (who can apply for review of decisions): existing subsection 347(2), subsection 412(2) and (3) and subsections 500(2) and (3);

-      section 346 (form of application etc.): existing subsections 347(1) and 412(1), and subsection 500(6C) in part;

-      section 346A (application fee): existing subsections 347(1) and 412(1), and clause 143 of the ART Bill;

-      section 347 (time limit for making application): existing subsections 347(1), 412(1) and 500(6B);

-      section 347A (applicant may provide written arguments etc.): existing subsections 358(1) and 423(1);

-      section 347B (Secretary to be notified of application for review): existing subsections 352(1), 418(1) and 500(6E);

-      section 347C (Secretary to provide statement and relevant documents): existing subsections 352(2), 418(2), 352(4), 418(3) and 500(6F);

-      section 347D (Secretary may provide written arguments etc.): existing subsections 358(2) and 423(2);

-      section 348 (Tribunal must review decisions): existing sections 348 and 414;

-      section 348A (when certain reviews can begin): existing subsection 500(6G);

-      section 349 (powers of Tribunal): existing sections 349 and 415;

-      section 350 (review of assessments made under section 93): existing section 350;

-      section 351 (minister may substitute more favourable decision): existing sections 351 and 417; and

-      section 352 (applicant may withdraw application and end review): clause 127 of the ART Bill.

·       Division 4 (exercise of Tribunal’s powers):

-      section 353 (Tribunal’s way of operating): existing sections 353 and 420;

-      section 353A (Minister, President and IRD executive member may give directions): existing sections 353A and 420A;

-      section 353B (Tribunal may determine its own practice and procedure): clause 108 of the ART Bill;

-      section 354 (constitution of Tribunal for exercise of powers): existing sections 354 and 421;

-      section 355 (reconstitution of Tribunal—unavailability of member): existing sections 355 and 422;

-      section 355A (reconstitution of Tribunal for other reasons): existing sections 355A and 422A;

-      section 355B (compliance with directions about constitution of Tribunal): clause 75 of the ART Bill;

-      section 356 (exercise of Tribunal’s powers): existing section 356; and

-      section 357 (presiding member): existing section 357.

·       Division 5 (conduct of review):

-      section 359 (Tribunal may get any relevant information): existing sections 359 and 424;

-      section 359A (applicant must be given certain information): existing sections 359A and 424A;

-      section 359B (invitation to give information or comments): existing sections 359B and 424B;

-      section 359C (Tribunal may require documents about certain character decisions): existing subsection 500(6K);

-      section 360 (Tribunal must consider review on the papers): subclause 96(3) of the ART Bill;

-      section 360A (review on the papers—deciding in the applicant’s favour without further submissions from the applicant): existing subsection 360(2) and 425(2);

-      section 360B (notice of review on the papers): subclause 96(4) of the ART Bill;

-      section 360C (review on the papers): subclause 96(4) of the ART Bill;

-      section 361 (appearing before the Tribunal): existing sections 360 and 425 and subclauses 96(1) and (2) of the ART Bill;

-      section 361A (notice of permission to appear): existing sections 360A and 425A;

-      section 361B (applicant may request Tribunal to call witnesses etc.): existing sections 361 and 426;

-      section 362 (only new information to be considered in reviews of reviewable protection visa decisions): existing section 416;

-      section 362A (access to documents and information—reviewable general visa decisions): existing section 362A;

-      section 362B (failure of applicant to appear before Tribunal): existing sections 362B and 426A, and clause 128 of the ART Bill;

-      section 362C (failure to respond to invitation to give information or comments): existing sections 359C and 424C, and clause 129 of the ART Bill;

-      section 362D (failure by applicant to comply with directions): clause 129 of the ART Bill;

-      section 362E (notice to be given if Tribunal ends review without making a decision on the review): no equivalent in the ART Bill;

-      section 362F (reinstatement of review): clause 132 of the ART Bill;

-      section 363 (evidence on oath or affirmation etc.): existing subsections 363(1) and (5) and 427(1) and (5);

-      section 364 (presiding member may authorise another person to take evidence): existing sections 364 and 428;

-      section 364A (tribunal may summon a person): existing subsections 363(3) and (4) and 427(3) and (4);

-      section 364B (review of protection visa decisions to be in private): existing section 429;

-      section 365 (review of other decisions to be in public): existing section 365;

-      section 366 (oral evidence by telephone etc.): existing sections 366 and 429A;

-      section 366A (representation and other assistance—applicants): existing section 366A and subsection 427(6);

-      section 366B (representation and other assistance—persons other than the applicant): existing section 366B and subsection 427(6);

-      section 366C (interpreters): existing section 366C and subsection 427(7); and

-      section 366D (examination and cross-examination): existing section 366D and subsection 427(6).

·       Division 6 (decisions of Tribunal):

-      section 366E (certain decisions must be given within prescribed periods): existing section 367;

-      section 367 (Tribunal may give decision orally or in writing);

-      section 368 (copy of written decision must be given to the applicant);

-      section 368A (statement setting out decision, reasons etc.): existing sections 368 and 430;

-      section 368B (Tribunal may correct statement of decision): clause 138 of the ART Bill;

-      section 368C (Tribunal taken to have affirmed certain character decisions): existing subsection 500(6L); and

-      section 369 (publishing of decisions): existing sections 369 and 431.

·       Division 7 (offences):

-      section 370 (failure to comply with summons): existing sections 370 and 432, and clause 145 of the ART Bill;

-      section 371 (refusal to be sworn or to answer questions): existing sections 371 and 433, and clause 146 of the ART Bill;

-      section 372 (false or misleading evidence): existing subsection 371(3) and 433(3), and clause 147 of the ART Bill;

-      section 372A (contempt of Tribunal): existing sections 372 and 434, and clause 149 of the ART Bill;

-      section 372B (disclosure of confidential information): existing sections 377 and 439 (see also clause 151 of the ART Bill);

-      section 372C (contravention of publication direction): existing subsections 378(3) and 440(3), and clause 148 of the ART Bill; and

-      section 372D (application of Criminal Code): clause 150 of the ART Bill.

·       Division 8 (miscellaneous):

-      section 373 (legal protection and liabilities of members and other persons): existing sections 373 and 435, and clause 144 of the ART Bill;

-      section 373A (applicants to bear their own costs): clause 155 of the ART Bill;

-      section 374 (fees for witnesses): existing sections 374 and 436, and clause 153 of the ART Bill;

-      section 375 (restrictions on disclosure of certain information etc.): existing sections 375 and 437 (see also clause 101 of the ART Bill);

-      section 375A (certain information only to be disclosed to Tribunal): existing section 375A;

-      section 376 (Tribunal’s discretion in relation to disclosure of certain information etc.): existing sections 376 and 438;

-      section 378 (Tribunal may restrict publication of certain matters): existing sections 378 and 440;

-      section 378A (delegations): existing sections 405 and 470, and clause 50 of the ART Bill; and

-      section 379 (Tribunal reviews): existing sections 379 and 441.

·       Division 9 (giving and receiving review documents):

-      section 379AA (giving documents by Tribunal where no requirement to do so by section 379A or 379B method);

-      section 379A (methods by which Tribunal gives documents to a person other than the Secretary): existing sections 379A and 441A;

-      section 379B (methods by which Tribunal gives documents to the Secretary);

-      section 379C (when a person other than the Secretary is taken to have received a document from the Tribunal): existing sections 379A and 441A;

-      section 379D (when the Secretary is taken to have received a document from the Tribunal);

-      section 379E (Tribunal may give copies of documents);

-      section 379F (giving documents etc. to the Tribunal): clauses 157 and 158 of the ART Bill; and

-      section 379G (authorised recipient).

2.                The four new sections in Part 9 of the Migration Act (miscellaneous) are listed below, with reference where applicable to existing Migration Act provisions:

-      section 494A (giving documents—when Minister may use section 494B methods);

-      section 494B (giving documents—methods that will attract section 494C deemed receipt): existing subsections 53(3) and (6);

-      section 494C (when a person is taken to have received a document from the Minister); and

-      section 494D (authorised recipient): existing subsections 53(3) to (7).

1245.Part 1—Amendment of Migration Act 1958

1246.Item  1: Subsection 5(1)

1.                This item amends subsection 5(1) by inserting into the Migration Act a definition of the ART.  The ART is established by the ART Bill and replaces (as well as the SSAT) the three merits review tribunals that presently review migration decisions, namely the MRT, the RRT and the AAT.

1247.Item  2: Subsection 5(1) (definition of Migration Review Tribunal )

1248.Item  3: Subsection 5(1) (definition of Refugee Review Tribunal )

1.                These items amend subsection 5(1) by repealing the definitions of ‘Migration Review Tribunal’ and ‘Refugee Review Tribunal’ respectively, as both Tribunals have been replaced by the ART (see items 1 and 202).

1249.Item  4: Subsection 5(1) (definition of RRT-reviewable decision )

1.                This item amends subsection 5(1) by repealing the definition of ‘RRT-reviewable decision’.

2.                Decisions reviewable by the RRT are currently specified in section 411 of the Act.  Part 7 of the Act (which contains section 411) is repealed by item 202, and the existing ‘RRT-reviewable decisions’ are renamed ‘reviewable protection visa decisions’ and brought into Part 5 of the Act (see item 66 and new section 338A—inserted by item 86).

1250.Item  5: Paragraphs 5(9)(a) and (b)

1.                This item effects technical amendments to paragraphs 5(9)(a) and (b) as a consequence of the amalgamation of Parts 5 and 7 of the Act into Part 5.

1251.Item  6: After subsection 52(3)

1.                This item inserts new subsections (3A), (3B) and (3C) into section 52 of the Act as a consequence of the repeal of section 53 by virtue of item 7.  Section 52 currently deals with the way a visa applicant or ‘interested person’ is to communicate with the Minister.  This item also replaces the heading to section 52 to make it clear that section 52, as amended, will deal more generally with communication with the Minister.

2.                New subsection (3A) closely resembles subsection 53(1) (repealed by item 7); it requires a visa applicant to tell the Minister the address at which the applicant intends to live while the application is being dealt with.

3.                New subsection (3B) closely resembles subsection 53(2) (repealed by item 7); it requires a visa applicant who proposes to change the address at which he or she intends to live for a period of 14 days or more to tell the Minister the address and the period of proposed residence.

4.                New subsection (3C) is identical to subsection 53(8) (repealed by item 7); it provides that where two or more non-citizens apply for visas together (in accordance with the regulations), notifications given to any of them about the application are taken to be given to each of them.

1252.Item  7: Section 53

1.                This item repeals section 53 of the Act.  The content of existing subsections (1), (2) and (8) of section 53 are now contained in new subsections 52(3A), 52(3B) and 52(3C) (see item 6).  The remainder of the content of section 53 has been translated into new sections 494A to 494D (see item 216).

1253.Item  8: Paragraph 57(3)(b)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 57(3)(b) as a consequence of the amalgamation of Parts 5 and 7 of the Act into Part 5.

1254.Item  9: Paragraph 66(2)(c)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 66(2)(c) as a consequence of the repeal of paragraph 66(2)(d) (see item 10).

1255.Item  10: Paragraph 66(2)(d)

1.                This item repeals paragraph 66(2)(d).  The effect of this amendment is to remove from the obligation to notify a visa applicant of a visa decision the obligation to notify that person of merits review rights.

2.                The requirement to notify persons of merits review rights has been moved into Part 5 by item 88 which inserts new section 340.  New section 340 applies to all decisions to which Part 5 applies, and effectively replaces the obligation which currently appears in paragraphs 66(2)(d), 127(2)(b) and (c), 134(7)(b) and 501G(1)(f).

1256.Item  11: At the end of subsection 66(2)

1.                This item inserts a note at the end of subsection 66(2) to draw attention to new section 340 which requires notification of a merits reviewable decision to include information about review rights (see items 10 and 88).

1257.Item  12: Paragraph 66(3)(b)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 66(3)(b) as a consequence of the amalgamation of Parts 5 and 7 of the Act into Part 5.

1258.Item  13: Subsection 69(1)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment as a consequence of the repeal of section 53 and the translation of elements of section 53 into the new section 494D (see item 216).

1259.Item  14: Paragraph 91G(2)(a)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 91G(2)(a) as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

1260.Item  15: Section 99

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to section 99 by changing the reference to ‘Tribunal’ to ‘tribunal’.  There is no definition of ‘Tribunal’ for the purposes of the section.

1261.Item  16: Subsection 114(1)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 114(1) as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

1262.Item  17: Subsection 127(2)

1.                This item repeals and substitutes subsection 127(2).  New subsection 127(2) requires that notification of a decision to cancel a visa must specify the ground for the cancellation.  A note at the end of new subsection 127(2) draws attention to new section 340 which requires notification of a merits reviewable decision to include information about review rights.

1263.Item  18: At the end of subsection 134(1)

1264.Item  19: At the end of subsection 134(3A)

1265.Item  20: At the end of subsection 134(4)

1.                These items insert notes at the end of subsections 134(1), 134(3A) and 134(4) which deal with cancellation of business visas (as defined in subsection 134(10)).  These notes draw attention to the fact that a decision to cancel a business visa under subsection 134(1), 134(3A) or 134(4) is now reviewable by the ART under Part 5 as a ‘reviewable general visa decision’ (see item 82).

2.                As a consequence, section 136 (which provided for review of such decisions by the AAT) is repealed (see item 26).

1266.Item  21: Subsection 134(6)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 134(6) as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

1267.Item  22: Subsection 134(7)

1.                This item repeals subsection 134(7) (dealing with the obligation to notify the holder of a business visa of the reasons for the cancellation decision, and of their right to have the decision reviewed) because the relevant notification obligations are now subsumed in new sections 339A and 340 (see item 88).

2.                New section 339A provides the general requirement for notification of a reviewable decision under Part 5 (which includes the three business visa cancellation decisions in section 134—see item 82) to be given to the person to whom the decision relates.  The notification must include reasons for the decision, together with the information about review rights specified in new section 340.

3.                Section 134 cancellation decisions are currently AAT-reviewable.  Regulations made pursuant to new subsection 347(1) will prescribe a 28-day application period, preserving the current AAT time-limit of 28 days (see item 90).  Current standing is preserved in new section 344(1)(b) (item 90).

1268.Item  23: Paragraph 134(8)(a)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 134(8)(a) as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

1269.Item  24: Subparagraph 134(8)(b)(ii)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subparagraph 134(8)(b)(ii) as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

1270.Item  25: Paragraph 134(8)(b)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 134(8)(b) as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

1271.Item  26: Section 136

1.                This item repeals section 136 which provided for AAT review of business visa cancellation decisions under subsections 134(1), (3A) and (4) (see items 18, 19 and 20)

2.                The cancellation decisions in question are now reviewable by the ART under Part 5 as ‘reviewable general visa decisions’ (see item 82).  The effect of this is to treat these cancellation decisions the same as any other reviewable general visa decision referred to in section 338.  Section 134 cancellation decisions would have been reviewable previously under subsection 338(3) but for the effect of section 136 and paragraph 338(3)(c).  Section 134 cancellation decisions are now brought into section 338 via the new subsection 338(4A) (see item 82).

1272.Item  27: Paragraph 178(2)(b)

1.                This item effects a technical change as a consequence of the repeal of sections 391, 417 and 454 (see item 202).

1273.Item  28: Paragraph 202(2)(c)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 202(2)(c).  Section 202 relates to the deportation of non-citizens under section 200 of the Migration Act on the basis of an adverse security assessment under the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979 (the ASIO Act).

2.                The amendment to paragraph 202(2)(c) removes the ambiguity created by the reference to a time period of 30 days within which the subject of an adverse security assessment may apply for a review of that assessment.  Under the AAT Act, such an application was required to be made within a period of 28 days.  The review application period will now be prescribed by regulations under the ART Bill.  A 28-day period will be prescribed.

1274.Item  29: Subsection 202(5)

1.                This item repeals and substitutes subsection 202(5).  Currently, section 29 of the AAT Act provides for a 28-day period within which an application for review of an adverse security assessment may be made to the AAT.  Subsection 29(7) of the AAT Act permits the AAT to extend this period.  Existing subsection 202(5) of the Migration Act, however, overrides subsection 29(7) of the AAT Act with the effect that the AAT cannot extend the period within which an application for review of an adverse security assessment may be made.

2.                Subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill provides that regulations may prescribe the time period within which applications for review must be made.  Subclause 142(2) of the ART Bill permits the ART to extend any such time limit.

3.                Regulations to be made under subclause 142(1) of the ART Bill will continue the current 28-day time limit for the making of applications for review of adverse security assessments.  New subsection 202(5) will prevent the ART from extending this 28-day time limit.

1275.Item  30: Paragraph 271(4)(a)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 271(4)(a) as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

1276.Item  31: Subsection 271(4) (paragraphs (b) and (c) of the definition of migration proceedings )

1.                This item effects technical amendments to subsection 271(4) as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

1277.Item  32: Section 275 (definition of review authority )

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to section 275 as a consequence of the establishment of the ART, by repealing the definition of ‘review authority’, which referred to the MRT and the RRT.  A new definition of ‘Tribunal’, referring to the ART, is inserted by item 35.

1278.Item  33: Section 275

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to section 275 as a consequence of the establishment of the ART, by inserting a reference to ‘reviewable general visa decision’ as defined in Part 5.  This is the new term for current ‘MRT-reviewable decisions’.

1279.Item  34: Section 275

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to section 275 as a consequence of the establishment of the ART, by inserting a reference to ‘reviewable protection visa decision’ as defined in Part 5.  This is the new term for current ‘RRT-reviewable decisions’.

1280.Item  35: Section 275

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to section 275 as a consequence of the establishment of the ART, by inserting a definition of ‘Tribunal’ to mean the ART.  For the purposes of Part 3 of the Migration Act, which deals with Migration Agents and Immigration Assistance, the ART replaces the MRT and the RRT as the Tribunal which reviews certain migration decisions (see item 31).

1281.Item  36: Paragraphs 276(1)(c) and (d)

1.                This item repeals existing paragraphs 276(1)(c) and (d) and substitutes new paragraphs 276(1)(c) to (f).  The effect of this is that references to ‘review authority’ are replaced with references to ‘Tribunal’ (see items 31 and 35), and that court proceedings and ART reviews are dealt with separately.

2.                Part 3 controls the giving of immigration assistance to visa applicants or cancellation review applicants in relation to decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and RRT (that is, under the amended Part 5, ‘reviewable general visa decisions’ and ‘reviewable protection visa decisions’).

1282.Item  37: Paragraph 276(2)(c)

1.                This item repeals paragraph 276(2)(c) and substitutes new paragraphs 276(2)(c) and (d).  The effect of this is that the reference to ‘review authority’ is replaced with a reference to ‘Tribunal’ (consequential upon the amendments made by items 31 and 35), and that court proceedings and ART reviews are dealt with separately.

2.                New paragraph 276(2)(d) also makes it clear that it relates only to immigration assistance to persons (other than visa applicants or cancellation review applicants) in the context of reviews by the ART of reviewable general visa decisions.  It does not (as does the existing paragraph 276(2)(c)) refer to immigration assistance in the protection visa context because an applicant for such a visa is not nominated or sponsored by another person.

1283.Item  38: Paragraph 277(1)(c)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 277(1)(c) as a consequence of the repeal of subparagraphs 277(1)(c)(ii) and (iii) and the insertion of new subparagraph 277(1)(c)(ii) (see item 39).

1284.Item  39: Subparagraphs 277(1)(c)(ii) and (iii)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment as a consequence of the establishment of the ART, by repealing subparagraphs 277(1)(c)(ii) and (iii) and replacing them with new subparagraph 277(1)(c)(ii).  New subparagraph 277(1)(c)(ii) refers to the new Tribunal and to the new terms ‘reviewable general visa decision’ and ‘reviewable protection visa decision’, and has the same effect as existing subparagraphs 277(1)(c)(ii) and (iii).

1285.Item  40: Paragraphs 277(3)(c) and (d)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment as a consequence of the establishment of the ART, by repealing paragraphs 277(3)(c) and (d) and replacing them with new paragraph 277(3)(c).  New paragraph 277(3)(c) refers to the new Tribunal and to the new term ‘reviewable general visa decision’.  New paragraph 277(3)(c) does not refer to the new term ‘reviewable protection visa decision’ as protection visa applicants are not sponsored or nominated.

1286.Item  41: Section 295 (note)

1.                This item replaces the current note at the end of section 295 as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

2.                The new note takes account of the amendment made to section 306 by item 46 which has the effect that an application for review of a decision by the MARA not to register an applicant may be made to the ART (and no longer to the AAT).  The new note also draws attention to the requirement under clause 56 of the ART Bill that a person whose interests are affected by the MARA’s decision be given notice of his or her right to seek review of the decision.

1287.Item  42: Subsection 305(1) (note)

1.                This item replaces the current note at the end of subsection 305(1) as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

2.                The new note draws attention to the requirement under clause 56 of the ART Bill that a person whose interests are affected by the MARA’s decision under section 305 to cancel or suspend the registration of a registered agent be given notice of his or her right to seek review of the decision.

1288.Item  43: Paragraph 305(3)(a)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 305(3)(a) to replace the reference to the AAT Act with a reference to the ART Bill.  This amendment is consequential upon the amendment made to section 306 by item 48 which has the effect that an application for review of a decision by the MARA under Division 3 of Part 3 of the Migration Act may be made to the ART and in accordance with the requirements of the ART Bill (and no longer to the AAT in accordance with the requirements of the AAT Act).

1289.Item  44: Paragraph 305(3)(b)

1290.Item  45: Subsection 305(3)

1.                These items effect technical amendments to paragraph 305(3)(b) and subsection 305(3) as a consequence of the new review arrangements in the amended Part 5 of the Migration Act.

1291.Item  46: Section 306

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to section 306 to replace the reference to the AAT Act with a reference to the ART Bill.  This amendment is consequential upon the amendment made to section 306 by item 48 which has the effect that an application for review of a decision by the MARA under Division 3 of Part 3 of the Migration Act may be made to the ART and in accordance with the requirements of the ART Bill (and no longer to the AAT in accordance with the requirements of the AAT Act).

1292.Item  47: Section 306

1.                This item amends section 306 to replace the right to seek review of a MARA decision under Division 3 of Part 3 of the Migration Act by the AAT with a right to seek review by the ART.

2.                In the translation to the ART, MARA decisions become the only Migration Act decisions not reviewable by the IRD of the ART under Part 5 of the Migration Act.  Rather, reviews of such decisions are to take place in the Commercial and General Division of the ART (see item 48).  This distinction was made because:

·       MARA decisions are different in nature from other Migration Act decisions in that they could be more accurately characterised as ‘commercial’ rather than ‘migration’ (that is, visa-related) decisions; and

·       review of a ‘migration’ or ‘refugee’ decision may result in an IRD member commenting on, or even lodging a complaint against, the conduct of a migration agent, which may result in action being taken by the MARA.  It was considered inappropriate for the review of MARA decisions to be undertaken by the IRD, as it could give rise to the possibility of, or the appearance of, bias were IRD members to be involved in reviewing decisions taken by the MARA in relation to migration agents who had been ‘criticised’ by a member of the IRD.

3.                As MARA decisions are left out of Part 5 of the Migration Act, reviews of such decisions become subject to the ART procedures in the ART Bill, that is Parts 4 to 10 of that Bill will govern the conduct of these reviews, and not the procedures in Part 5 of the Migration Act.

1293.Item  48: At the end of section 306

1.                This item adds a new subsection 306(2) which provides that a review by the ART of a decision of the MARA made under Division 3 of Part 3 of the Migration Act is to take place in the Commercial and General Division of the Tribunal (see also items 35 and 47 above).

2.                Regulations made under the ART Bill will prescribe the time within which an application for review of such a MARA decision is to be made to the ART, as such time limits are not prescribed by the ART Bill itself.

1294.Item  49: After subsection 321(2)

1.                This item inserts a new subsection 321(2A) into section 321 to provide that the ART may make a disclosure to the MARA for the purpose of facilitating or expediting the exercise of the powers, or the performance of the functions, of the MARA (see subsection 321(1)).

2.                Section 321 authorises certain disclosures of personal information.  Disclosure authorised by or under law is an exception to the general rule about non-disclosure of personal information (see Information Privacy Principle 11.1(d) as set out in section 14 of the Privacy Act 1988 ).

1295.Item  50: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘applicant’ into section 337 to make it clear that a reference to an ‘applicant’ in Part 5 of the Migration Act is a reference to a person who has applied for review of a decision under that Part.

1296.Item  51: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘Chief Executive Officer’ into section 337 as a consequence of the amendments to Part 5 to provide for review by the ART of all decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT, and of certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT (new section 343—see item 90).

2.                The Chief Executive Officer of the ART is appointed by the Governor-General under the ART Bill.  The function of the Chief Executive Officer is to assist the President of the ART, in such manner as the President requires, in the management of the administrative affairs of the Tribunal.

1297.Item  52: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘consultant’ into section 337 as a consequence of the amendments to Part 5 to provide for review by the ART of all decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT, and of certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT (new section 343—see item 90).

2.                Under the ART Bill a ‘consultant’ is a person engaged as a consultant by the Chief Executive Officer of the Tribunal.  The power to engage consultants gives the Tribunal additional flexibility to engage persons for short periods and with specific expertise for particular tasks.

1298.Item  53: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘Immigration and Refugee Division’ into section 337 as a consequence of the amendments to Part 5 to provide for review by the ART of all decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT, and of certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT (new section 343—see item 90).  Such reviews are to be conducted in the IRD of the Tribunal (new section 343A—see item 90).

2.                The ART is divided into six Divisions (in addition, further Divisions may be created by regulations).  This is intended to ensure that the Tribunal will enjoy the beneficial aspects of the existing specialist review tribunals, such as their ability to develop decision-making procedures and practices that are appropriate for, and tailored to, the types of decisions that they review.

1299.Item  54: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘IRD executive member’ into section 337 as a consequence of the amendments to Part 5 to provide for review by the IRD of the ART of all decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT, and of certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT (new section 343—see item 90).

2.                The ART Bill provides for one executive member to be appointed to each Division to assist the President, in such manner as the President requires, in managing the administrative affairs of that Division.  The IRD executive member will be able to make directions under section 353A of the Migration Act relating to such matters as the conduct of reviews and the allocation and prioritising of work.  However, any section 353A directions made by the Minister or the President prevail over any section 353A directions made by the IRD executive member (items 100, 101 and 104).  The IRD executive member will also have power to direct who shall constitute, or reconstitute, the Tribunal for the purpose of a particular review, subject to directions under section 353A (items 107 to 122).

1300.Item  55: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘IRD member’ into section 337 as a consequence of the amendments to Part 5 to provide for review by the IRD of the ART of all decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT, and of certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT (new section 343—see item 90).

2.                Members are appointed to the ART under the ART Bill and are to be appointed to at least one Division.

1301.Item  56: Section 337 (definition of member )

1.                This item effects a technical amendment by replacing the existing definition of ‘member’ in section 337 with a new definition referring to the ART Bill which provides for the appointment, by the Governor-General, of members to the ART.

1302.Item  57: Section 337 (definition of MRT-reviewable decision )

1.                This item repeals the definition of ‘MRT-reviewable decision’.  This term will no longer be used in the Migration Act as decisions currently referred to as MRT-reviewable decisions will now be known as reviewable general visa decisions (items 64 and 71 to 85).

1303.Item  58: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘non-reviewable Minister’s decision’ into section 337.

2.                Non-reviewable Minister’s decisions are decisions of the Minister made (or taken to have been made) under the following provisions of the Migration Act:

·       subsection 500A(1) or (3),

·       subsection 501(1), (2) or (3),

·       section 501A,

·       section 501B, or

·       subsections 501F(2) or (3).

3.                Such decisions are not reviewable by the ART (items 71, 74 and 86).  These decisions were previously excluded from merits review by various provisions throughout the Migration Act.

1304.Item  59: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘President’ into section 337 as a consequence of the amendments to Part 5 to provide for review by the ART of all decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT, and of certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT (new section 343—see item 90).

2.                The new definition refers to the ART Bill which provides for the appointment, by the Governor-General, of a President of the Tribunal.  The President will be able to make directions under section 353A of the Migration Act relating to such matters as the conduct of reviews and the allocation and prioritising of work.  However, any section 353A directions made by the Minister will prevail over any section 353A directions made by the President (see items 100, 101 and 104).  The President will also have power to direct who shall constitute, or reconstitute, the Tribunal for the purpose of a particular review, subject to directions under section 353A (items 107 to 122).

1305.Item  60: Section 337 (definition of Principal Member )

1306.Item  61: Section 337 (definition of Registrar )

1.                These items repeal the definitions of the terms ‘Principal Member’ and ‘Registrar’ as a consequence of the amendments to Part 5 to provide for review by the ART of all decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT, and of certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT (new section 343—see item 90).  There is no office of ‘Principal Member’ or ‘Registrar’ in the ART, so these terms will no longer be used in Part 5.

1307.Item  62: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘reviewable deportation decision’ into section 337, providing that the term has the meaning given by (new) section 338D of the Migration Act (inserted by item 86).

2.                A ‘reviewable deportation decision’ is a decision made by the Minister or a delegate of the Minister to order the deportation of a non-citizen because of circumstances specified in section 201 (unless the Minister has issued a certificate under section 502 declaring the person to be an excluded person or a conclusive certificate under section 339—see item 86).  Section 201 allows for the deportation of certain non-citizens convicted of certain offences.  Such decisions, currently reviewable by the AAT in accordance with the AAT Act, will in future be reviewable by the ART under Part 5 of the Migration Act (see items 71 and 90).

1308.Item  63: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘reviewable general character decision’ into section 337, providing that the term has the meaning given by (new) section 338B of the Migration Act (inserted by item 86).

2.                A ‘reviewable general character decision’ is a decision made by a delegate of the Minister under subsection 501(1) to refuse to grant a visa, or under subsection 501(2) to cancel a visa, on character grounds (other than a decision relating to a protection visa applicant or holder) unless the Minister has issued a conclusive certificate under section 339 (see item 86).  Such decisions, currently reviewable by the AAT in accordance with the AAT Act, will in future be reviewable by the ART under Part 5 of the Migration Act (see items 71 and 90).

1309.Item  64: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘reviewable general visa decision’ into section 337, providing that the term has the meaning given by section 338 of the Migration Act.

2.                This new term covers decisions which are currently ‘MRT-reviewable decisions’ as defined in section 338, as well as business visa cancellation decisions (see items 72 to 85).  Section 338 decisions are currently reviewable by the MRT, while business visa cancellations are currently reviewable by the AAT.  Both types of decisions will, in future, be reviewable by the ART under Part 5 of the Migration Act (see items 71 and 90).

1310.Item  65: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘reviewable protection visa character decision’ into section 337, providing that the term has the meaning given by (new) section 338C of the Migration Act (inserted by item 86).

2.                A ‘reviewable protection visa character decision’ is:

·       a decision of a delegate of the Minister to refuse to grant under subsection 501(1), or to cancel under subsection 501(2), a protection visa; or

·       a decision to refuse to grant, or to cancel, a protection visa relying on one or more of Articles 1F, 32 or 33(2) of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees done at Geneva on 28 July 1951 (the Refugees Convention );

unless the Minister has issued a conclusive certificate under section 339 in relation to the decision or, in the case of the second bullet point above, a certificate under section 502 relates to the decision.

3.                Such decisions, currently reviewable by the AAT in accordance with the AAT Act, will in future be reviewable by the ART under Part 5 of the Migration Act (see items 71 and 90).

1311.Item  66: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘reviewable protection visa decision’ into section 337, providing that the term has the meaning given by (new) section 338A of the Migration Act (inserted by item 86).

2.                This new term covers decisions which are currently ‘RRT-reviewable decisions’ as defined in existing section 411.  A ‘reviewable protection visa decision’ is a decision to refuse to grant, or a decision to cancel, a protection visa, unless that decision:

·       comes within one of the other types of reviewable decisions;

·       relates to a non-citizen who is not in the migration zone when the decision is made;

·       is one in respect of which the Minister has issued a conclusive certificate under section 339; or

·       is a non-reviewable Minister’s decision.

3.                Decisions to refuse to grant, or decisions to cancel, protection visas are currently reviewable by the RRT under Part 7 of the Migration Act.  In future, such decisions will be reviewable by the ART under Part 5 of the Migration Act (see items 71 and 90).  Part 7 of the Migration Act will be repealed (see item 202).

1312.Item  67: Section 337 (definition of Senior Member )

1.                This item effects a technical amendment by replacing the existing definition of ‘Senior Member’ in section 337 with a new definition referring to the ART Bill which provides for the appointment, by the Governor-General, of senior members and other members to the ART.

1313.Item  68: Section 337

1.                This item inserts a definition of ‘staff’ into section 337 as a consequence of the amendments to Part 5 to provide for review by the ART of all decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT, and of certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT (new section 343—see item 90).

2.                Under the ART Bill, staff necessary to assist the Chief Executive Officer are to be persons engaged under the Public Service Act 1999 .  The Chief Executive Officer can also arrange with an Agency Head for the services of officers or employees of the Agency to be made available for the purposes of the Tribunal.  The Chief Executive Officer has the power to determine the duties of staff and the locations where staff are to perform those duties.

1314.Item  69: Section 337 (definition of Tribunal )

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to the definition of ‘Tribunal’ in section 337 to reflect the amendments to Part 5 which provide for review by the ART of all decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT, and of certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT (new section 343—see item 90).

1315.Item  70: Division 2 of Part 5 (heading)

1.                This item repeals and substitutes the heading for Division 2 of Part 5 as a consequence of the amendments to Part 5 to provide for review by the ART of all decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT, and of certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT (new section 343—see item 90).

1316.Item  71: Before section 338

1317.New section 337A: Decisions to which this Part applies

1.                This item inserts new section 337A which sets out the decisions to which Part 5 applies.  Part 5 as amended brings together all provisions in the Migration Act providing for the merits review of visa and visa-related decisions.  Part 7 of the Migration Act which currently deals with the review of protection visa decisions is repealed (see item 202), as are sections 136 and 500 which currently deal with the review by the AAT of certain other decisions (see items 26 and 217).

2.                In addition to those decisions which were previously referred to as ‘MRT-reviewable decisions’ (and which are now referred to as ‘reviewable general visa decisions’), Part 5 also applies to:

·       ‘reviewable protection visa decisions’ (currently ‘RRT-reviewable decisions’, reviewable under Part 7 of the Migration Act);

·       ‘reviewable general character decisions’ (non-protection visa decisions of a delegate of the Minister under section 501, currently reviewable by the AAT);

·       ‘reviewable protection visa character decisions’ (protection visa decisions of a delegate of the Minister under section 501 and decisions refusing to grant or cancelling a protection visa on grounds relating to Articles 1F, 32 or 33(2) of the Refugees Convention, currently reviewable by the AAT); and

·       ‘reviewable deportation decisions’ (decisions under section 200 of the Migration Act, currently reviewable by the AAT).

1318.Item  72: Subsection 338(1)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 338(1) by replacing the reference to ‘an MRT-reviewable decision’ with a reference to ‘a reviewable general visa decision’.  This reflects the new terminology consequential to the amendments to Part 5 providing for the review by the ART of decisions currently reviewable by the MRT.

1319.Item  73: Paragraph 338(1)(b)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 338(1)(b) by replacing the reference to ‘an RRT-reviewable decision’ with a reference to ‘a reviewable protection visa decision’.  This reflects the new terminology consequential to the amendments to Part 5 and the repeal of Part 7 to provide for Part 5 review by the ART of decisions currently reviewable by the RRT.

1320.Item  74: Paragraph 338(1)(c)

1.                This item repeals paragraph 338(1)(c) and substitutes new paragraphs 338(1)(c), (d) and (e).

2.                New paragraphs 338(1)(c) and (d) exclude reviewable general character decisions and reviewable protection visa character decisions from the definition of ‘reviewable general visa decision’, as there may otherwise be some overlap between the definitions.  For example, a decision to refuse to grant a visa could, if the refusal was under section 501, be both a reviewable general visa decision and a reviewable general character decision, but for new paragraph 338(1)(c).

3.                New paragraph 338(1)(e) contains the substance of current paragraph 338(1)(c), but also excludes from the definition of reviewable general visa decision other non-reviewable Minister’s decisions.

1321.Item  75: Subsection 338(2)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 338(2).  It is no longer necessary to exclude section 501 decisions from subsection 338(2) as section 501 decisions are already excluded by the amendments to subsection 338(1) (see item 74).

1322.Item  76: Subsection 338(2)

1323.Item  77: Subsection 338(3)

1.                These items effect a technical amendment to subsections 338(2) and (3) by replacing the reference to ‘an MRT-reviewable decision’ with a reference to ‘a reviewable general visa decision’.  This reflects the new terminology consequential to the amendments to Part 5 providing for the review by the ART of decisions currently reviewable by the MRT.

1324.Item  78: Paragraph 338(3)(a)

1.                Subsection 338(3) deals with cancellation decisions subsets of which are also dealt with by subsection 338(4) and 338(4A).  To avoid any overlap, subsection 338(3)(a) excludes from subsection 338(3) decisions otherwise covered by subsection 338(4) (bridging visa cancellations) or 338(4A) (business visa cancellations).

1325.Item  79: Paragraph 338(3)(b)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 338(3) which will only have two paragraphs following the repeal of paragraph 338(3)(c) effected by item 80—hence the ‘or’ at the end of subsection 338(3)(b) will be redundant.

1326.Item  80: Paragraph 338(3)(c)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 338(3)(c).  It is no longer necessary to exclude section 501 decisions from subsection 338(3) as section 501 decisions are already excluded by the amendments to subsection 338(1) (see item 74).  Additionally, business visa cancellation decisions (decisions under section 134(1), (3A) and (4)), which were previously excluded from MRT review because they were AAT-reviewable, and which are now reviewable by the ART as reviewable general visa decisions (see item 82), are excluded from subsection 338(3) by the new paragraph 338(3)(a) (see item 78).

1327.Item  81: Subsection 338(4)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 338(4) by replacing the reference to ‘MRT-reviewable decisions’ with a reference to ‘reviewable general visa decisions’.  This reflects the new terminology consequential to the amendments to Part 5 providing for the review by the ART of decisions currently reviewable by the MRT.

1328.Item  82: After subsection 338(4)

1.                This item inserts new subsection (4A) into section 338.  New subsection 338(4A) brings decisions under section 134 to cancel business visas within the ambit of the term ‘reviewable general visa decisions’.  Currently, such decisions are reviewable by the AAT.  By virtue of this amendment (and item 26) business visa cancellations will be subject to the same merits review regime as other non-character visa cancellation decisions.

1329.Item  83: Subsections 338(5) to (9)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsections 338(5) to (9) by replacing references to ‘an MRT-reviewable decision’ with references to ‘a reviewable general visa decision’.  This reflects the new terminology consequential to the amendments to Part 5 providing for the review by the ART of decisions currently reviewable by the MRT.

1330.Item  84: Paragraphs 338(5)(a), (6)(a) and (7)(a)

1331.Item  85: Paragraph 338(8)(a)

1.                These items effect technical amendments to paragraphs 338(5)(a), (6)(a) and (7)(a), and a similar technical amendment to paragraph 338(8)(a), to make it clear that visas of particular classes may be granted while the non-citizen/visa applicant is in the migration zone or may be granted while the non-citizen is outside the migration zone.  The review rights which flow from any decision not to grant a visa of a particular class will depend on whether the non-citizen was in or out of the migration zone at the time the visa application and/or the decision on the visa application were/was made.

2.                It is not correct (as the current formulation of the relevant provisions suggest) that there are visas which could not be granted while the non-citizen is in the migration zone: a particular visa may be able to be granted while the non-citizen is in the migration zone, but only if the non-citizen was in the migration zone when the visa application was made.  That is, the visa may not be able to be granted while the non-citizen is in the migration zone, not because of their presence in the zone but because of where the non-citizen was when the visa application was made.

3.                For example, a spouse visa may be granted while the non-citizen is in or out of the migration zone: where the non-citizen applied from outside the migration zone the visa cannot be granted while the non-citizen is in the migration zone; where the non-citizen applied in the migration zone the visa can be granted while the non-citizen is in the migration zone.

1332.Item  86: After section 338

1.                This item inserts four new sections.  The new sections define the terms ‘reviewable protection visa decisions’, ‘reviewable general character decisions’, ‘reviewable protection visa character decisions’, and ‘reviewable deportation decisions’.

2.                These definitions cover decisions that were previously reviewable by the RRT and the AAT.  With the establishment of the ART, these Tribunals will cease to exist and all merits review of visa and visa-related decisions will take place in the IRD of the ART.  The provisions dealing with merits review of decisions will be consolidated in the amended Part 5 of the Migration Act (rather than spread across several Parts of the Migration Act).

3.                The new defined terms are used throughout Part 5 to refer to the types of decisions reviewable by the IRD, and, in some cases, to differentiate between the distinct types of reviewable decisions where different rules apply in relation to their review (for example, provisions to protect the identities of applicants for, or holders of, protection visas—see items 166 and 179).

1333.New section 338A: Reviewable protection visa decisions

1.                New section 338A provides that a ‘reviewable protection visa decision’ is a decision to refuse to grant, or a decision to cancel, a protection visa, unless the decision:

·       is one in respect of which the Minister has issued a conclusive certificate under section 339;

·       relates to a non-citizen who is not in the migration zone when the decision is made;

·       is a reviewable protection visa character decision; or

·       is a non-reviewable Minister’s decision.

2.                Decisions to refuse to grant, and decisions to cancel, protection visas are currently reviewable by the RRT under Part 7 of the Migration Act; that Part is repealed by item 202.

1334.New section 338B: Reviewable general character decisions

1.                New section 338B provides that a ‘reviewable general character decision’ is a decision of a delegate of the Minister under subsection 501(1) to refuse to grant a visa, or under subsection 501(2) to cancel a visa, on character grounds, unless the Minister has issued a conclusive certificate under section 339 in relation to the decision.  Such decisions are currently reviewable by the AAT.

1335.New section 338C: Reviewable protection visa character decisions

1.                New section 338C provides that a ‘reviewable protection visa character decision’ is:

·       a decision of a delegate of the Minister under subsection 501(1) to refuse to grant, or under subsection 501(2) to cancel, a protection visa; or

·       a decision to refuse to grant, or to cancel, a protection visa relying on one or more of Articles 1F, 32 or 33(2) of the Refugees Convention;

unless the Minister has issued a conclusive certificate under section 339 in relation to the decision or, in the case of the second bullet point above, a certificate under section 502 relates to the decision.

2.                Such decisions are currently reviewable by the AAT.

1336.New section 338D: Reviewable deportation decisions

1.                New section 338D provides that a ‘reviewable deportation decision’ is a decision of the Minister to order the deportation of a non-citizen because of circumstances specified in section 201, unless the Minister has issued a conclusive certificate under section 339 in relation to the decision, or a certificate under section 502 (declaring the subject of the decision to be an excluded person) relates to the decision.  Section 201 allows for the deportation of certain non-citizens convicted of certain offences.  Such decisions are currently reviewable by the AAT.

1337.Item  87: At the end of section 339

1.                This item makes a technical amendment to section 339 by adding new subsection 339(2) to make it clear that the issue of a conclusive certificate under section 339 is not reviewable under Part 5.

1338.Item  88: After Division 2 of Part 5

1.                This item inserts new Division 2A after Division 2 of Part 5.  New Division 2A comprises new sections 339A to 342 and:

·       ensures that notification is given, in respect of all decisions reviewable under Part 5, to the person to whom the decision relates of the decision and of the reasons therefor;

·       ensures that when a person is notified of a decision to which Part 5 applies, he or she is also advised of merits review rights;

·       contains requirements for the provision of additional documents when reviewable general character or reviewable protection visa character decisions are notified.

1339.New section 339A: Reviewable decisions must be notified

1.                New subsection 339A(1) imposes a general obligation on the Minister to notify persons in writing of decisions to which Part 5 applies, and of the reasons for such decisions.

2.                Specific obligations to notify will continue to exist in sections 66 (in respect of decisions to refuse to grant visas), section 127 (in respect of decisions to cancel visas) and section 501G (in respect of decisions to refuse to grant, or to cancel, visas on character grounds).  New section 339A is intended to fill in the gaps by ensuring that notification occurs in respect of any reviewable decisions for which there is not already a specific notification requirement in the Act or regulations.

3.                New subsection 339A(2) requires that the notice be given by one of the methods specified in new section 494B (inserted by item 216) or, if the person to whom the decision relates is in immigration detention, by a method prescribed by the regulations.

1340.New section 340: Notification must set out review rights

1.                New section 340 requires notification of a decision to which Part 5 applies to include:

·       advice that an application may be made to the ART for review of the decision;

·       advice about the time period within which a review application can be made and about who can apply; and

·       any other information required to be included by the regulations.

1341.New section 341: Documents to be provided with notification of reviewable general character decisions and reviewable protection visa character decisions

1.                New section 341 requires that notification of reviewable general character decisions, and of reviewable protection visa character decisions, which relate to persons in the migration zone be accompanied by two copies of all relevant documents in the possession or control of the decision maker (other than documents containing non-disclosable information).  This requirement was previously contained in subsection 501G(2) which is repealed by item 228.

1342.New section 342: Failure to comply does not affect validity of decision

1.                New section 342 provides that a failure to comply with a requirement of this Division does not affect the validity of a decision.  This is consistent with existing provisions dealing with the notification of decisions (subsections 66(4), 127(3), 129(3) and 501G(4)).

1343.Item  89: Division 3 of Part 5 (heading)

1.                This item repeals and substitutes the heading for Division 3 of Part 5 as a consequence of the establishment of the ART.

1344.Item  90: Section 347

1.                This item repeals section 347 and inserts 11 new sections into Division 3 of Part 5.  These new sections:

·       provide for the review by the IRD of the ART of decisions to which Part 5 applies (new sections 343 and 343A);

·       provide that certain provisions of the ART Bill do not apply to reviews conducted in the IRD (new section 343B);

·       bring together various provisions in the Migration Act dealing with the question of who has standing to make an application for review (new section 344), the form for making such an application (new section 346), and the time limits within which such an application is required to be made (new section 347).

2.                The sections require the Secretary to be notified of an application for review and to provide the Tribunal with all other relevant documents in the Secretary’s possession or control.  The new sections also provide when certain character decision reviews may begin.

1345.New section 343: Application for review

1.                New section 343 provides that an application may be made, in accordance with Part 5, for review by the ART of a decision to which Part 5 applies.

2.                The decisions to which Part 5 applies are set out in new section 337A (inserted by item 71).  These are decisions which are currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT and certain decisions which are currently reviewable by the AAT.  On establishment of the ART these Tribunals cease to exist and the decisions in question will be reviewable in the ART.

1346.New section 343A: Review to take place in the Immigration and Refugee Division

1.                New section 343B provides that when the ART reviews a decision to which Part 5 applies, the review is to be take place in the IRD of the Tribunal.

1347.New section 343B: Application of the Administrative Review Tribunal Act

1.                New section 343B provides that clause 7 and Parts 4 to 10 of the ART Bill do not apply to the review by the ART of decisions to which Part 5 applies.  The application of the definition of ‘core provision’ in section 6 and of the notes below the headings to Parts 2 and 3 of the ART Bill are also disapplied.

2.                As amended by this Act, Part 5 of the Migration Act will be a self-contained code for the review by the ART of decisions to which Part 5 applies.  This acknowledges that in the migration context there are substantive exceptions to many of the general review procedures contained in the ART Bill.  Matters such as standing to apply for review, time limits within which to apply, the lack of a second tier of review, strict limits on appeals to the Federal Court, a Ministerial intervention power to substitute a decision for certain decisions of the review body, review ‘exclusion’ provisions for particular decisions, and prescribed times within which certain review decisions must be made are examples of some of those exceptions.

3.                It is made clear in new section 343B that the exclusion of Parts 4 to 10 of the ART Bill includes the exclusion of the core provisions, as defined in clause 7 (and clause 6) of that Bill, located in Parts 4 to 10.

1348.New section 344: Who can apply for review of decisions

1.                New section 344 provides who can apply for merits review of a decision to which Part 5 applies.  It combines into one section all existing provisions of the Migration Act dealing with standing to make an application for merits review.  The current AAT standing is also translated into the new Part 5 for relevant decisions.

2.                Existing sections 347 (for MRT-reviewable decisions), 412 (for RRT-reviewable decisions), and 500 (for deportation and character decisions) are repealed by items 90, 202 and 217 respectively, and the substance of these sections is contained in new section 344.

3.                New subsection 344(1) repeats existing subsections 347(2) and (3), prescribing who may make an application for review of a reviewable general visa decision as follows:

·       a non-citizen who is the subject of a decision covered by subsection 338(2), (3) or (4), provided he or she is in the migration zone when the application for review is made;

·       the sponsor or nominator referred to in a decision covered by subsection 338 (5) or (8);

·       the relative referred to in a decision covered by subsection 338(6) or (7);

·       the non-citizen who is the subject of a decision covered by subsection 338A(7A), provided he or she was in the migration zone at the time when the decision was made and is in the migration zone when the application for review is made; and

·       for decisions covered by subsection 338(9), the person prescribed by the regulations.

4.                Standing was not dealt with in section 134 or 136: section 136 merely provided for review by the AAT.  The AAT Act provided that a person whose interests are affected by the decision could seek review (the ART Bill similarly provides).  In the amended Part 5 of the Migration Act, this has been expressed as ‘a non-citizen who is the subject of a decision covered by subsection 338(4A)’ may seek review of the decision (subsection 338(4A) relates to section 134 cancellation decisions).

5.                New subsection 344(2) reflects the content of existing subsections 412(2) and (3) in providing that an application for review of a reviewable protection visa decision may only be made by the non-citizen who is the subject of the decision and provided the non-citizen is in the migration zone when the application for review is made.

6.                New subsection 344(3) reflects the content of existing subsection 500(3) in providing that an application for review of a reviewable general character decision may only be made by a person who would have been able to make an application for review if the decision had been a reviewable general visa decision.  For example, if the decision is a decision to refuse the visa, the only person who may apply is the person who would have been entitled to apply under new subsection 344(1), had the decision been made under section 65.

7.                New subsection 344(4) reflects the essence of existing subsection 500(3) in providing that an application for review of a reviewable protection visa character decision may only be made by the non-citizen who is the subject of the decision and provided the non-citizen is in the migration zone when the application for review is made.  Insofar as is relevant, subsection 500(3) provides that a person is not entitled to make an application for review of a decision unless the person would be entitled to seek review of the decision under Part 7 if the decision had been made on another ground.  In relation to Part 7 RRT review, subsections 412(2) and (3) provide that an application for review may only be made by the non-citizen who is the subject of the decision and by a non-citizen who is in the migration zone when the application for review is made.

8.                New subsection 344(5) reflects the content of existing subsection 500(2) in providing that an application for review of a reviewable deportation decision may only be made by a person whose interests are affected by the decision and who is either an Australian citizen or a lawful non-citizen whose continued presence in Australia is not subject to any limitation as to time imposed by law.

1349.New section 346: Form of application etc.

1.                New subsection 346(1) provides that an application for review under Part 5 must be made in a manner and form specified in directions under section 353A.

2.                New subsection 346(2) provides that an application for review of a reviewable general character decision, or of a reviewable protection visa character decision, which relates to a person in the migration zone must be accompanied by one set of the documents given to the person under section 341 of the Act.  This reflects the content of existing subsection 500(6C) which is repealed by item 217.

1350.New section 346A: Application fee

1.                New subsection 346A(1) provides that where a fee is prescribed in respect of the making of an application for review of a decision to which Part 5 applies, the application must be accompanied by the prescribed fee or by an application for waiver of the fee.

2.                New subsection 346A(2) provides that the ART must decide, in accordance with the regulations, whether to waive the fee.

3.                If the ART does not waive the fee, new subsection 346A(3) requires the Tribunal to notify the applicant of this decision in writing in the manner described in paragraph (a).  The applicant must pay the fee within 14 days after receiving such notification.  The review application does not comply, and is taken never to have complied, with the requirements of section 346A if the applicant does not pay the fee within the 14 days.

4.                This provision is very similar to clause 143 of the ART Bill.

1351.New section 347: Time limit for making application

1.                New section 347 sets out the time limits within which an application for merits review must be made.

2.                New subsection 347(1) states that an application for review of a reviewable general visa decision must be made within the period prescribed by the regulations.

3.                Subsections 347(2) and (3) provide the following maximum periods which the regulations may prescribe in respect of the making of an application for review of a reviewable general visa decision:

·       if the decision is covered by subsection 338(2), (3), (4) or (7A)—no later than 28 days after the day the person receives notice of the decision; or

·       if the decision is covered by subsection 338(5), (6), (7) or (8)—no later than 70 days after the day the person receives notice of the decision.

4.                These provisions mirror existing subparagraphs 347(1)(b)(i) and (ii).

5.                New subsection 347(4) states that an application for review of a reviewable protection visa decision must be made within the period prescribed by the regulations.  It also provides that the maximum period which may be prescribed by the regulations is 28 days after the day on which the person receives notice of the decision.  This mirrors existing paragraph 412(1)(b).

6.                New subsection 347(5) states that an application for review of a reviewable general character decision or a reviewable protection visa character decision must be made:

·       if the decision relates to a person in the migration zone—not later than 9 days after the day on which the person receives notice of the decision (this mirrors current section 500(6B) except that the 9-day period, which presently only relates to current section 500(1)(b) matters, is extended to apply to what are now paragraph 500(1)(c) matters (where a section other than section 501 is used to refuse or cancel a visa on ‘refugee character’ grounds)) and copies of documents in accordance with new section 341 or, if these are received on different days, the later of those days; or

·       in any other case—not later than 28 days after the date on which the person receives notice of the decision.

7.                New subsection 347(6) states that an application for review of a reviewable deportation decision must be made not later than 28 days after the day on which the person receives notice of the decision.

1352.New section 347A: Applicant may provide written arguments etc.

1.                New subsection 347A(1) provides that an applicant for review of a decision to which Part 5 applies may, at any time before the review ends, give the ART written statements about matters of fact for consideration by the ART, and/or written arguments about issues arising in relation to the review and/or any document or thing that the applicant wishes the Tribunal to consider in relation to the review.  This section is based on current subsections 358(1) and 423(1).  (New section 347D is the parallel provision for the Secretary, based on current subsections 358(2) and 423(2).)

2.                New subsection 347(2) provides that written statements, written arguments, documents or things given to the ART under subsection (1) must be given in accordance with directions under section 353A.

1353.New section 347B: Secretary to be notified of application for review

1.                New subsection 347B(1) requires the Chief Executive Officer of the ART to give the Secretary notice of applications for review of decisions to which Part 5 applies.  The notice must be given in accordance with directions made under section 353A.  This mirrors the current procedures for applications to the MRT (subsection 352(1) of the Migration Act), RRT (subsection 418(1) of the Migration Act) and AAT (subsection 29(11) of the AAT Act).

2.                New subsection 347B(2) requires that directions under section 353A must specify the period within which, and manner in which, notice must be given where the application is for the review of a reviewable general character decision, or a reviewable protection visa character decision, which relates to a person in the migration zone.  This will reflect the effect of existing subsection 500(6E) combined with relevant regulations, in respect of decisions made under section 501 and will extend this to current section 500(1)(c) matters (where a section other than section 501 is used to refuse or cancel a visa on ‘refugee character’ grounds).

1354.New section 347C: Secretary to provide statement and documents

1.                New section 347C outlines the obligations imposed on the Secretary in respect of providing information relevant to reviews of decisions to which Part 5 applies.

2.                New subsection 347C(1) requires the Secretary, on notification under new section 347B, to give to the Chief Executive Officer a copy of the decision and the reasons therefor, and all relevant documents which are in the Secretary’s possession or control that have not already been given to the applicant when the decision was notified.

3.                This reflects the current requirements in subsections 352(2) and 418(2) and subsections 352(4) and 418(3).

4.                Additionally, the latter requirement reflects the current position under subsection 500(6F) for decisions made under section 501, but overcomes an anomaly in subsection 500(6F) which requires the Secretary to provide all relevant documents to the AAT, including those already submitted to the AAT by the applicant when making the review application.  (In reviews of character-related decisions where the person is in the migration zone, two sets of such documents have already been provided to the applicant who is obliged to give one set to the AAT on making the review application.  This regime is continued in the amended Part 5 (see section 341 and subsection 346(2)) but new paragraph 347C(1)(c) excludes documents already given to the applicant from the documents which the Secretary must give to the Tribunal.)

5.                New subsection 347C(2) requires the Secretary, on notification under new section 347B of an application for review of a reviewable general character decision, or a reviewable protection visa character decision, which relates to a person in the migration zone, to provide to the Chief Executive Officer of the ART any documents the Secretary considers relevant and which contain non-disclosable information within 14 working of the notification.

6.                New subsection 347C(3) provides that the documents are to be given in the manner and form specified in directions under section 353A and, if the documents are given under new subsection (1), within the period specified in accordance with directions under section 353A.

1355.New section 347D: Secretary may provide written arguments etc.

1.                New section 347D provides that the Secretary may, at any time before the review ends, give the ART written statements about any matters of fact that the Secretary wishes the Tribunal to consider in relation to the review, and/or written arguments about issues arising in relation to the review and/or any document or thing that the Secretary wishes the Tribunal to consider in relation to the review.  This provision mirrors new 347A relating to the applicant.

2.                Subsection (2) provides that the written statements, written arguments, documents or things must be given in accordance with directions under section 353A.

1356.Item  91: Subsection 348(1)

1.                This item makes a technical amendment to subsection 348(1).  Under the existing subsection 348(1) the MRT must review a decision if an application is properly made under existing section 347.  That section currently contains all requirements for making a review application, that is requirements relating to form, fee, time limits and standing.

2.                Following the repeal of existing section 347 by item 90, such matters are now dealt with in separate sections:

·       new section 344 (standing);

·       new section 346 (form);

·       new section 346A (fee); and

·       new section 347 (time limits).

Subsection 348(1) is amended to refer to these new provisions.

1357.Item  92: After subsection 348(1)

1.                This item inserts a new subsection into section 348.  New subsection 348(1A) provides that the Tribunal must not review a decision if the application for review does not comply with the requirements of new sections 344, 346, 346A and 347.

2.                Subsection 348(1) (as amended by item 91) provides that the Tribunal must review a decision if an application for review complies with the requirements of sections 344, 346, 346A and 347.

1358.Item  93: After section 348

1359.New section 348A: When certain reviews can begin

1.                New section 348A prevents the Tribunal from beginning to review a reviewable general character decision or a reviewable protection visa character decision until at least 14 days after the Secretary is notified that the application for review has been made.  This reflects existing subsection 500(6G) (section 500 is repealed by item 217).

1360.Item  94: Subsection 349(1)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 349(1) by replacing the reference to ‘an MRT-reviewable decision’ with a reference to ‘a decision to which this Part applies’.  This reflects the new terminology consequential to the amendments to Part 5 providing for the review by the ART of decisions currently reviewable by the MRT and the RRT and certain decisions currently reviewable by the AAT.

1361.Item  95: Subsection 349(2)

1.                This item repeals subsection 349(2) and substitutes new subsections 349(2), (2A) and (2B).

2.                New section 349 modifies the current ‘powers of the Tribunal’ provisions (MRT section 349/RRT section 415), distinguishing more precisely between the Tribunal’s general powers and the Tribunal’s powers in relation to prescribed matters.

3.                In relation to prescribed matters, the Tribunal may only affirm the decision or set the decision aside and remit the matter for reconsideration.  This is in recognition of the fact that, for many migration decisions, the decision may have ‘unassessed/determined’ parts.

4.                For example, there may be a number of criteria specified under the regulations in relation to a particular visa, all of which were not considered by the primary decision maker (who will have stopped their assessment of criteria at the first ‘unmet’ criterion), but all of which must be satisfied before a visa of the particular class can be granted.  In such circumstances, the Tribunal will have been reviewing a ‘refusal decision’ which, if overturned, will not be able to found the grant of a visa as there will be outstanding criteria in relation to which assessments and decisions have not been made.  That is, the Tribunal will not be in a position to decide that a visa should be granted.  Rather, it might only say that it is of the view that the visa applicant meets the particular criterion that the primary decision maker decided the visa applicant did not meet.

5.                While the Tribunal no longer has specific power to ‘vary’ a decision, new section 349 makes it clear that the Tribunal may affirm a decision for the same or different reasons and, in relation to non-prescribed matters, the Tribunal may set the decision aside and make a decision in substitution.

1362.Item  96: Subsection 351(1)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 351(1).  Under the subsection as amended, the Minister will be able to substitute a more favourable decision for a decision of the ART relating to a reviewable general visa decision or a reviewable protection visa decision.

2.                This brings together into one provision two existing intervention powers of the Minister (section 351 relating to MRT-reviewable decisions and section 417 relating to RRT-reviewable decisions).  The intervention power will now apply to decisions relating to the review of section 134 business visa cancellation decisions, as these are reviewable general visa decisions under the amended Part 5.

3.                The other intervention powers which currently exist in the Migration Act (see sections 391 and 454) are repealed.  This is because those powers are currently exercisable following a decision by the AAT on referral of a review application by the MRT or RRT.  Following the merging of the AAT, MRT and RRT into the one Tribunal there is no longer a basis for a power to refer reviews, or for the Minister to intervene following a decision on a referred review, in the manner currently available.

1363.Item  97: Paragraph 351(5)(b)

1.                This item amends subsection 351(5) by repealing paragraph 351(5)(b) and inserting new paragraphs 351(5)(b) and (c).  Subsection 351(5) provides that certain information is not to be included in the statement tabled in Parliament when the Minister exercises the intervention power in section 351.

2.                Currently only the names of the applicant and certain other persons are to be excluded from the statement.  As amended, the prohibition in subsection 351(5) will extend to any information that may identify the applicant or the other person.  This reflects existing subsection 417(5) (section 417 allows the Minister to intervene in respect of RRT-reviewable decisions).

1364.Item  98: Section 352

1365.New section 352: Applicant may withdraw application and end review

1.                This item replaces existing section 352 (which deals with the requirement that the Secretary be notified of a review application, an issue now dealt with in new section 347B) with a new section 352.

2.                New subsection 352(1) provides that an applicant for review may, by way of written notice to the ART in accordance with any directions under section 353A, withdraw the application for review at any time (subsection (1)).  Under subsection 352(2), if the application for review is withdrawn, the review ends and the ART is required to notify the Secretary of the ending of the review in accordance with new section 379B (inserted by item 201).

1366.Item  99: Section 353

1367.New section 353: Tribunal’s way of operating

1.                This item amends section 353 which relates to the Tribunal’s way of operating.  The substance of existing subsection 353(1) (which makes it an objective of the Tribunal to provide review which is fair, just, economical, informal and quick) is repealed.  This is because this objective is already provided for in clause 3 of the ART Bill.

2.                New paragraphs 353(a) and (b) mirror clauses 91 and 92 of the ART Bill and provide that the Tribunal is to act with as little formality and technicality as a proper consideration of the matters before it permits, and that the Tribunal is not bound by the rules of evidence.  New paragraph 353(c) provides that in carrying out its functions under Part 5, the Tribunal must comply with directions under section 353A.  Subclause 161(7) of the ART Bill imposes an equivalent requirement.

3.                A failure by the Tribunal to comply with a direction under section 353A is addressed in subsections 353A(3) and (4): see item 105.

1368.Item  100: Subsection 353A(1)

1.                This item amends the opening words of section 353A(1) to provide that directions may be made under that section by the Minister, the President or the IRD executive member.

2.                Currently, section 353A allows the Principal Member of the MRT to make directions.  Section 499 of the Act currently allows the Minister to give directions to persons or bodies having functions or powers under the Act.  The amendments to section 353A place the power of the Minister to give directions to the Tribunal in Part 5.  The reference to the President and IRD executive member is substituted for the existing reference to the Principal Member, to reflect the nomenclature to be used in the new Tribunal.

3.                This item also alters the heading to section 353A, omitting ‘Principal Member’ and substituting ‘Minister, President and IRD executive member’.

1369.Item  101: Paragraphs 353A(1)(a) and (b)

1.                This item repeals paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection 353A(1) and substitutes new paragraphs (a) to (f).  New paragraphs (a) to (f) set out the matters which can be dealt with in directions.

2.                New paragraph (a) allows directions to be given regarding the conduct of reviews.  This mirrors existing paragraph (b).

3.                New paragraphs (b) to (e) relate to the operation of the Tribunal, but deal with this in a more detailed way than existing paragraph (a), which simply allowed for directions to be given as to the operation of the Tribunal.

4.                Pursuant to new paragraphs (b) to (e), directions may be given as to:

·       the allocation of the work of the Tribunal (paragraph (b));

·       the number of members who are to constitute the Tribunal for particular reviews of decisions, and the expertise of those members (paragraph (c));

·       priorities for reviewing decisions (paragraph (d));

·       any other aspect of the operation of the Tribunal that relates to the review of decisions (paragraph (e)); and

·       any matter that is permitted or required by any provision of the Act or regulations to be dealt with in the directions (paragraph (f)).

1370.Item  102: After subsection 353A(1)

1.                This item inserts a new subsection 353A(1A) to prevent the Minister from giving a direction under subsection 353A(1) in relation to a particular review.  This will ensure that, while the Minister might, for example, give a direction under paragraph 353A(1)(c) that for the review of reviewable general character decisions two or three members of senior member level or higher are to constitute the Tribunal, the Minister can not direct which particular senior members are to constitute the Tribunal for a particular general character decision review.

1371.Item 103: Subsection 353A(2)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 353A(2).

1372.Item  104: After subsection 353A(2)

1.                This item inserts new subsection 353A(2A) to make it clear which directions prevail in the event of any inconsistency.

2.                To the extent of any inconsistency:

·       directions given by the Minister are to prevail over directions given by the President or the IRD executive member; and

·       directions given by the President are to prevail over directions given by the IRD executive member.

3.                This is consistent with the ART Bill which allows for practice and procedure directions given by the Minister responsible for the particular Division to prevail over directions given by the President or the relevant executive member, and for Presidential directions to prevail over executive member directions (subclause 161(6) of the ART Bill).

1373.Item  105: Subsections 353A(3) and (4)

1.                This item replaces existing subsections 353A(3) and (4) with new subsections 353A(3) to (5).

2.                New subsection 353A(3) provides that failure by the ART to comply with a direction under section 353A does not invalidate a decision made by the ART and does not (subject to new subsection 353A(4)) expose such a decision to judicial review under Part 8 of the Migration Act.

3.                New subsection 353A(4) provides the limited circumstances where a failure by the Tribunal to comply with a direction under section 353A is to be judicially-reviewable.  Paragraph 353A(4)(b) lists the types of directions which are critical to the decision-making process, to then set up the consequence that non-compliance by the Tribunal with these, and only these, will ground an application for judicial review (see paragraph 353A(3)(b)).

4.                The particular directions highlighted in paragraph 353A(4)(a) relate to those directions which prescribe the reviewable decisions before the Tribunal which will be subject to the review on the papers procedure and, on the other hand, those where an appearance is to be permitted, as well as the directions relating to reviewable decisions hearings where representation, assistance to present arguments, and examination and cross-examination will be permitted.

5.                Paragraph 353A(4)(b) is a regulation head of power which will enable further directions to be prescribed to permit judicial review in additional circumstances where there has been non-compliance with directions.

6.                New subsection 353A(5) makes it clear that directions given under section 353A may provide for adversarial processes.  The ART will normally operate in a non-adversarial, rather than adversarial, manner.  However, for particular classes of cases, directions may be given that the Tribunal is to conduct reviews in an adversarial way, which may include permitting the representation of parties and allowing each party to appear before the Tribunal to present evidence, cross-examine witnesses of the other party, and make arguments and submissions in support of the party’s case.  Particular classes of cases in respect of which it is anticipated that directions may be made for adversarial processes include the review of decisions under section 501 of the Act, where the character of the visa applicant or visa holder is at issue.

1374.Item  106: After section 353A

1.                This item inserts new section 353B which provides the ART with the ability to determine its own practice and procedure (see clause 108 of the ART Bill).

1375.New section 353B: Tribunal may determine its own practice and procedure

1.                New section 353B provides that the ART may determine its own practice and procedure for the conduct of a review (subsection (1)), provided any determination made by the ART is not inconsistent with the Migration Act, the regulations, or directions under section 353A.

1376.Item  107: Subsection 354(1)

1.                This item amends subsection 354(1) to provide that for the review of a decision to which Part 5 applies the ART is to be constituted in accordance with directions under section 353A.

1377.Item  108: At the end of paragraph 354(1)(a)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to paragraph 354(1)(a), adding an ‘or’ (consistent with current drafting convention).

1378.Item  109: Paragraph 354(1)(c)

1.                This item amends subsection 354(1) to require the members (except in the case of a member who is the President) who constitute the Tribunal for the review of a decision to which Part 5 applies to be IRD members.

1379.Item  110: Subsection 354(2)

1.                This item amends subsection 354(2) to provide that directions about who is to constitute the Tribunal for a particular review are to given by either the President or the IRD executive member acting in accordance with directions under section 353A.

1380.Item  111: Subsection 354(2)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 354(2) to make the wording of that subsection consistent with the wording of subsection 354(1).

1381.Item  112: Subsection 354(3)

1.                This item repeals subsection 354(3), which permits the Principal Member of the MRT to give to the Senior Members guidelines for giving directions about who is to constitute the Tribunal for particular cases.  Under the amended Part 5 there will be no guidelines in relation to constitution matters: there will be directions under section 353A.  Further, the power to constitute and reconstitute the Tribunal (under sections 354, 355 and 355A) is vested in the President and the executive member.

2.                New subsection 354(3) deals with when subsection 354(1) constitution directions may be given providing for two or three member Tribunals.

3.                It is intended that the Tribunal will normally be constituted by a single member for reviews under Part 5.  However, the President or IRD executive member may, subject to any directions under section 353A, direct that two or three members are to review a particular decision, if the President or IRD executive member considers it is appropriate to do so:

·       because the review raises a principle or issue of general significance;

·       because one or more of the members have particular expertise of relevance; or

·       to provide developmental experience for one or more IRD members.

1382.Item  113: Subsection 355(1)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 355(1) to ensure consistency of expression.

1383.Item  114: Subsection 355(2)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 355(2) by substituting a reference to the President or IRD executive member for the current reference to the Principal Member.  The amendment also ensures that a direction reconstituting the Tribunal under section 355 is given in writing.

1384.Item  115: Subsection 355(3)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 355(3) by substituting a reference to the President or IRD executive member for the current reference to the Principal Member.  The amendment also ensures that a direction reconstituting the Tribunal under section 355 is given in writing.

1385.Item  116: Paragraph 355(3)(b)

1.                This item makes a minor amendment to paragraph 355(3)(b) to make it clear that where the Tribunal is reconstituted under section 355, the new member or members must be an IRD member or IRD members.

1386.Item  117: Subsection 355(4)

1.                This item makes a technical amendment to subsection 355(4), substituting the word ‘must’ for the word ‘shall’ to ensure consistency of expression.

1387.Item  118: Subsection 355(4)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment, omitting ‘of the proceedings’ as this expression is not consistent with the conduct of reviews provided for in the amended Part 5.

1388.Item  119: Subsection 355(5)

1.                This item repeals subsection 355(5).  This subsection currently requires the Principal Member, in exercising the reconstitution powers under section 355, to have regard to the objective set out in section 353.  The amended section 353 does not contain any ‘objectives’ and there is no longer a Principal Member of the Tribunal.

1389.Item  120: Subsections 355A(1) and (2)

1.                This item replaces existing subsections 355A(1) and (2) with two new subsections.

2.                Section 355A deals with the power to reconstitute the Tribunal to ensure the conduct of reviews is fair, just, economical, informal and quick and/or to ensure the conduct of reviews is in accordance with section 353A directions.  Existing subsections 355A(1) and (2), which deal with circumstances in which the Tribunal may be reconstituted and how such reconstitution is to take place, have been redrafted so that new subsection 355A(1) now:

·       reflects the replacement of the office of the Principal Member of the Tribunal by the President or IRD executive member;

·       ensures that a direction reconstituting the Tribunal under section 355A is given in writing;

·       ensures that any reconstitution of the Tribunal under section 355A is either for the purposes of ensuring that the review is fair, just, economical, informal and quick, or for the reason that a member or members of the Tribunal have not complied with a direction under section 353A.

3.                New subsection 355A(2) makes it clear that the Tribunal may be reconstituted more than once.

1390.Item  121: Subsection 355A(3)

1.                This item makes a minor technical amendment to subsection 355A(3).

1391.Item  122: Subsection 355A(3)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 355A(3), omitting ‘of the proceedings’ as this expression is not consistent with the conduct of reviews provided for in the amended Part 5.

1392.Item  123: After section 355A

1393.New section 355B: Compliance with directions about constitution of Tribunal

237.        This item inserts new section 355B, which provides that members of the ART must comply with directions under section 354, 355, or 355A.  These sections allow the President or the IRD executive member to make directions about who is to constitute the Tribunal for the purposes of a particular review (section 354), and to make directions reconstituting the Tribunal where a member is unavailable (section 355) or for other reasons (section 355A).  Non-compliance with section 353A directions or with section 354, 355 and 355A directions may result in the removal of a member (see section 343B(2)—inserted by item 90—and ART clause 28).

1394.Item  124: Subsection 356(1)

1395.Item  125: Subsection 356(1)

1396.Item  126: Subsection 356(2)

1397.Item  127: Subsection 356(2)

1398.Item  128: Subsection 357(1)

1.                These items effect technical amendments to relevant subsections to ensure consistency of expression.

1399.Item  129: Subsection 357(2)

1400.Item  130: Subsection 357(2)

1.                These items effect technical amendments to subsection 357(2) to replace references to the Principal Member with references to the President.

1401.Item  131: Subsection 357(3)

1.                This item replaces existing subsection 357(3) with new subsections 357(3) and (3A).  Section 357 determines who is to preside at a particular review.

2.                New subsection 357(3) provides that where the IRD executive member is one of the members of the Tribunal, and the President is not a member of the Tribunal, as constituted for the purpose of the particular review, the IRD executive member is to preside.

3.                New subsection 357(3A) is similar to existing subsection 357(3) and provides that, if one of the members is a senior member and there is no other more senior person (such as the IRD executive member) who is a member of the Tribunal for the purpose of the particular review, then that senior member will preside.

1402.Item  132: Subsection 357(4)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 357(4) as a consequence of the addition of new subsection 357(3A) by item 131.  The amendment also replaces the reference to the Principal Member with a reference to the President or IRD executive member.

1403.Item  133: Section 358

1.                This item repeals section 358.  The content of this section now appears in new sections 347A and 347D which are both inserted by item 90.

1404.Item  134: Subsection 359(1)

1.                This item effects a technical amendment to subsection 359(1) to ensure consistency of expression.

2.                This item also alters the heading to section 359 to better reflect the purpose of the section.

1405.Item  135: Subsection 359(2)

1.                This item amends subsection 359(2) by omitting the reference to the information sought being ‘additional’ information.  The amendment also makes it clear that the invitation to provide information must be given by the Tribunal in writing.

1406.Item  136: Subsections 359(3) and (4)

1.                This item replaces existing subsections 359(3) and (4) with new subsections 359(3) and (4).

2.                New subsection 359(3) incorporates the content of existing subsections 359(3) and (4) and provides more detailed information on how an invitation is to be given to an applicant in detention.

3.                It does this by providing that an invitation by the Tribunal under subsection 359(2) to a person to give information must be given to that person by one of the methods specified in new section 379A (inserted by item 201).  However, if the person is an applicant who is in immigration detention, the invitation must be given to that person by a method prescribed by the regulations.

4.                The new subsection also requires an invitation to contain a summary of the effect of new section 362C (see existing section 359C) which is inserted by item 160 and provides for the consequences of failing to respond to an invitation to give information.

5.                New subsection 359(4) provides that an invitation to the Secretary must be given by one of the methods specified in new section 379B (inserted by item 201).

1407.Item  137: Subsection 359A(1)

1.                This item omits the words ‘subject to subsection (2)’ in subsection 359A(1), and replaces them with ‘subject to sections 375A and 376’.  Subsection 359A(1) creates an obligation on the Tribunal to provide adverse information to the applicant for comment.  Given the change to the formulation of subsection 359A(2) effected by item 138, the existing reference in subsection 359A(1) to subsection (2) is otiose (subsection (2) provides for the means by which the invitation to comment is to be given to the applicant) and is therefore deleted.

2.                The new references to sections 375A and 376 are intended to provide a more detailed scheme of exemption from the general obligation to provide adverse information than currently exists in section 359A.  Currently, information which is ‘non-disclosable information’ does not have to be disclosed (paragraph 359A(4)(c)).  Non-disclosable information is defined in section 5 of the Act.  Whether or not information is non-disclosable information depends upon the opinion of the Minister.

3.                Section 375A enables the Minister to certify that certain information or documents can only be disclosed to the Tribunal.  Section 376 enables the Minister to certify that disclosure of information or a document would be contrary to the public interest, and to give the Tribunal advice about the significance of the document or information.  The Tribunal must have regard to any such advice in deciding whether it is appropriate to disclose the information or document to the applicant.

4.                The relationship between these sections and section 359A is currently unclear.  By making section 359A subject to sections 375A and 376, it is clear that the obligation in section 359A to provide adverse information to the applicant does not apply to information or documents in respect of which a section 375A certificate has been issued, and may not apply to information and documents the subject of a section 376 certificate.  This is a more certain test than the current exemption in section 359(4)(c) relating to non-disclosable information, which depends upon the Minister’s opinion, rather than on a written certification.

1408.Item  138: Subsections 359A(2) and (3)

1.                This item repeals subsections 359A(2) and (3), and substitutes a new subsection 359A(2).

2.                New subsection 359A(2) incorporates the content of existing subsections 359A(2) and (3) and provides more detailed information on how an invitation is to be given to an applicant in detention.

3.                It does this by providing that certain information and an invitation to comment on that information must be given to the review applicant by one of the methods specified in new section 379A (inserted by item 201).  However, if the applicant is in immigration detention, the information and invitation must be given by a method prescribed by the regulations.

1409.Item  13