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Biosecurity Bill 2012 [2013]

2010-2011-2012

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

THE SENATE

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Biosecurity Bill 2012

 

No.      , 2012

 

(Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act relating to diseases and pests that may cause harm to human, animal or plant health or the environment, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Chapter 1—Preliminary                                                                                          1

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Guide to this Act................................................................................. 2

4............ Objects of this Act.............................................................................. 5

5............ Appropriate Level of Protection (ALOP) for Australia against biosecurity risks     6

6............ Act binds the Crown........................................................................... 6

7............ Extension of Act to Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and other prescribed external Territories               6

8............ Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws................................ 6

Part 2—Definitions                                                                                                                 8

9............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 8

10.......... Meaning of approved arrangement .................................................. 28

11.......... Meaning of Australian territory ........................................................ 28

12.......... Meaning of biosecurity entry point ................................................... 29

13.......... Meaning of biosecurity industry participant and covered by ............ 29

14.......... Meaning of commercial-in-confidence .............................................. 30

15.......... Meaning of conveyance ..................................................................... 30

16.......... Meaning of exposed to ...................................................................... 31

17.......... Meaning of first point of entry .......................................................... 31

18.......... Meaning of goods ............................................................................. 32

19.......... Meaning of installation ..................................................................... 32

20.......... Meaning of operator of a conveyance.............................................. 33

21.......... Meaning of person in charge ............................................................ 33

Part 3—Constitutional and international law provisions                             35

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           35

22.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 35

Division 2—Constitutional and international law provisions                 36

23.......... Severability....................................................................................... 36

24.......... Application of this Act in relation to pests that are quarantine risks or invasive pests              38

25.......... Application of this Act in relation to invasive pests.......................... 38

26.......... Compensation for acquisition of property......................................... 39

27.......... Freedom of interstate trade, commerce and intercourse..................... 39

28.......... Commonwealth not to give preference.............................................. 40

29.......... Application of this Act to foreign aircraft and vessels....................... 40

Part 4—Principles affecting decisions to exercise certain powers           41

30.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 41

31.......... The principles.................................................................................... 41

Chapter 2—Managing biosecurity risks: human health     44

Part 1—General protections and listing human diseases                              44

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           44

32.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 44

Division 2—Protections                                                                                              45

Subdivision A—General protections                                                                    45

33.......... The principles.................................................................................... 45

34.......... No interference with urgent or life-threatening medical needs........... 46

Subdivision B—Protections for children or incapable persons                    46

35.......... Child or incapable person may be accompanied................................ 46

36.......... Officer to contact parent, guardian or next of kin of unaccompanied child or incapable person               46

37.......... Requirement to comply with direction............................................... 47

38.......... Parent, guardian or next of kin may authorise person to accompany child or incapable person                48

39.......... Giving consent.................................................................................. 48

40.......... Exception for requiring an individual to remain at a place................. 48

Division 3—Listing human diseases                                                                     49

41.......... Listing human diseases..................................................................... 49

Part 2—Preventing risks to human health                                                            50

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           50

42.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 50

Division 2—Entry and exit requirements                                                         51

43.......... Entry requirements............................................................................ 51

44.......... Exit requirements.............................................................................. 52

45.......... Civil penalties for failing to comply with certain entry and exit requirements           54

Division 3—Contact information for operators                                           56

46.......... Requirements for operators to provide 24/7 contact information....... 56

Division 4—Pratique                                                                                                    57

47.......... Positive pratique................................................................................ 57

48.......... Negative pratique.............................................................................. 57

49.......... Pre-departure reporting..................................................................... 58

Division 5—Preventative biosecurity measures                                            60

50.......... Determining preventative biosecurity measures................................ 60

51.......... Civil penalty for failing to comply with a preventative biosecurity measure             61

Division 6—Information gathering powers                                                     62

52.......... Who may ask questions and require written information.................. 62

53.......... Asking questions and requiring answers from particular individuals 62

54.......... Asking questions and requiring answers from any individual.......... 63

55.......... Requiring an individual to provide written information..................... 64

56.......... Offence for failing to comply with a requirement.............................. 64

Part 3—Managing risks to human health: human biosecurity control orders      65

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           65

57.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 65

Division 2—Imposing human biosecurity control orders on individuals               66

Subdivision A—Imposing, varying and revoking human biosecurity control orders   66

58.......... Imposing a human biosecurity control order on an individual........... 66

59.......... Contents of a human biosecurity control order.................................. 67

60.......... Form of a human biosecurity control order....................................... 68

61.......... Giving a human biosecurity control order to an individual................ 68

62.......... Varying a human biosecurity control order....................................... 69

63.......... Giving notice of a variation of a human biosecurity control order..... 69

64.......... Revoking a human biosecurity control order..................................... 70

65.......... Notifying Director of Human Biosecurity of imposition, variation or revocation of human biosecurity control order.......................................................................................................... 70

Subdivision B—Powers if officer intends to impose human biosecurity control order                71

66.......... Requiring an individual to remain at a place...................................... 71

67.......... Providing contact information........................................................... 71

68.......... Requirement for an individual to notify changes to contact information 72

Subdivision C—When an individual is required to comply with a biosecurity measure              72

69.......... Consenting to a biosecurity measure................................................. 72

70.......... Director of Human Biosecurity may give direction requiring compliance                73

71.......... When direction to comply with biosecurity measure ceases to be in force                75

72.......... When individual is required to comply with a biosecurity measure... 76

Subdivision D—AAT review of isolation and traveller movement measures 78

73.......... Obligation on Director of Human Biosecurity relating to Administrative Appeals Tribunal application  78

74.......... Applications...................................................................................... 79

75.......... Reasons and documents.................................................................... 80

76.......... Time period for making a decision.................................................... 81

77.......... Limitation on Administrative Appeals Tribunal power to stay etc. decisions           82

Subdivision E—Other provisions relating to external review of isolation and traveller movement measures      82

78.......... Time period for making applications under the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977      82

79.......... Judicial review of isolation and traveller movement measures.......... 83

Division 3—Biosecurity measures that may be included in a human biosecurity control order              84

Subdivision A—General provisions relating to including biosecurity measures in a human biosecurity control order                                                                                                          84

80.......... Who can include a biosecurity measure in a human biosecurity control order          84

81.......... Informing individual of risks............................................................ 84

82.......... Test for including a biosecurity measure in a human biosecurity control order        85

Subdivision B—Biosecurity measures that may be included in a human biosecurity control order         85

83.......... Managing contacts............................................................................ 85

84.......... Contacting officer with health status................................................. 85

85.......... Restricting behaviour........................................................................ 86

86.......... Risk minimisation interventions........................................................ 86

87.......... Decontamination............................................................................... 87

88.......... Undergoing an examination.............................................................. 87

89.......... Requiring body samples for diagnosis.............................................. 87

90.......... Receiving a vaccination or treatment................................................. 88

91.......... Receiving medication........................................................................ 88

92.......... Appropriate medical or other standards to be applied........................ 89

93.......... No use of force to require compliance with certain biosecurity measures 89

94.......... Traveller movement measure............................................................. 89

95.......... Isolation measure.............................................................................. 90

Subdivision C—Provisions relating to traveller movement measures        90

96.......... Traveller movement measure alert..................................................... 90

97.......... Content of traveller movement measure alert..................................... 92

98.......... Destruction of traveller movement measure alert............................... 92

99.......... Prevention from leaving Australian territory..................................... 92

Division 4—Other provisions relating to human biosecurity control orders      94

Subdivision A—Consular assistance                                                                    94

100........ Consular assistance........................................................................... 94

Subdivision B—Detention                                                                                       95

101........ Detention........................................................................................... 95

102........ Rules relating to detention................................................................. 96

103........ Release from detention...................................................................... 97

104........ Offence for escaping from detention................................................. 97

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                               98

105........ Offence for failing to comply with a human biosecurity control order 98

106........ Expenses incurred in complying with human biosecurity control orders  98

Part 4—Managing risks to human health: other biosecurity measures 99

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           99

107........ Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 99

Division 2—Managing deceased individuals                                                 100

108........ Human remains brought into Australian territory............................ 100

109........ Officer may give directions for managing human remains.............. 101

110........ Individuals who have died in transit or on arrival........................... 101

Division 3—Human health response zones                                                    103

111........ Determining human health response zones..................................... 103

112........ Consultation requirements............................................................... 104

113........ Notification requirements................................................................ 104

114........ Civil penalty for failing to comply with a requirement of a human health response zone determination   105

Chapter 3—Managing biosecurity risks: goods                         106

Part 1—Goods brought into Australian territory                                           106

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         106

115........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 106

116........ Objects of this Part.......................................................................... 107

Division 2—Goods are subject to biosecurity control                             108

117........ Goods brought into Australian territory are subject to biosecurity control               108

Division 3—Notice of goods to be unloaded in Australian territory 109

118........ Notice must be given of goods to be unloaded in Australian territory 109

119........ Notice of goods to be unloaded in Australian territory—requirement to give additional or corrected information   111

Division 4—Assessment of level of biosecurity risk                                  113

120........ Biosecurity risk assessment powers................................................ 113

121........ Direction to secure goods................................................................ 113

122........ Inspecting goods and taking samples.............................................. 113

123........ Asking questions about goods........................................................ 114

124........ Requiring documents relating to goods to be produced................... 114

125........ Movement of goods........................................................................ 115

126........ Biosecurity control notice may be affixed to goods or given to person in charge of goods      116

127........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods in relation to which direction has been given or notice has been affixed........................................................................................................ 117

Division 5—Biosecurity measures to manage unacceptable level of biosecurity risk    118

128........ Biosecurity measures may be required in relation to goods............. 118

129........ Movement of goods........................................................................ 118

130........ Treatment of goods......................................................................... 118

131........ Treatment that may damage goods.................................................. 119

132........ Export of goods.............................................................................. 121

133........ Destruction of goods....................................................................... 121

134........ Regulations may provide for other biosecurity measures................ 122

135........ Powers of biosecurity officer if biosecurity measures are required. 123

136........ Biosecurity officer may affix notice to goods.................................. 124

137........ Person must comply with direction to take biosecurity measures.... 125

138........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods to which notice has been affixed  126

Division 6—Unloading goods at landing places or ports                        127

139........ Application of this Division............................................................ 127

140........ Person in charge may allow goods to be unloaded from aircraft or vessel subject to direction etc.          127

141........ Person may unload goods from aircraft or vessel subject to direction etc.                128

142........ Goods must not be unloaded except at first point of entry for those goods or with permission               129

143........ Permission to unload goods at landing place or port other than first point of entry for those goods        130

144........ Goods must be brought to biosecurity entry point for those goods at first point of entry         132

145........ Permission to bring goods to alternative biosecurity entry point..... 134

146........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods that have been unloaded from aircraft or vessel           135

147........ Receiving or possessing goods unloaded from aircraft or vessel in contravention of this Division         136

Division 7—Unloading goods from aircraft or vessel displaying prescribed quarantine signal               138

148........ Application of this Division............................................................ 138

149........ Unloading goods from aircraft or vessel displaying prescribed quarantine signal    138

150........ Receiving or possessing goods unloaded from aircraft or vessel displaying prescribed quarantine signal               139

Division 8—Reporting biosecurity incidents                                                 141

151........ Application of this Division............................................................ 141

152........ Director of Biosecurity may determine acts, omissions or events to be reportable biosecurity incidents  141

153........ Reporting by person in charge of aircraft or vessel carrying goods 141

154........ Reporting by person in charge of goods......................................... 142

155........ How reports must be made............................................................. 143

Division 9—Goods exposed to goods that are subject to biosecurity control     144

156........ Application of this Division............................................................ 144

157........ Assessment and management of biosecurity risk associated with exposed goods    144

158........ Exposed goods orders..................................................................... 145

159........ Effect of exposed goods order........................................................ 145

Division 10—Release of goods from biosecurity control                       147

160........ When goods brought into Australian territory are released from biosecurity control                147

161........ Notice releasing goods from biosecurity control............................. 148

Part 2—Biosecurity Import Risk Analyses                                                          149

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         149

162........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 149

Division 2—Biosecurity Import Risk Analyses                                           150

163........ What is a Biosecurity Import Risk Analysis (BIRA)...................... 150

164........ Director of Biosecurity may conduct a BIRA................................. 150

165........ Agriculture Minister may direct Director of Biosecurity to commence a BIRA       150

166........ Process for conducting a BIRA...................................................... 151

167........ Reports............................................................................................ 151

Part 3—Prohibited goods etc.                                                                                      153

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         153

168........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 153

169........ Exclusion of State and Territory laws............................................. 154

Division 2—Prohibited goods and conditionally non-prohibited goods 155

170........ Prohibited goods............................................................................. 155

171........ Conditionally non-prohibited goods................................................ 156

172........ Security may be required in relation to conditionally non-prohibited goods             157

Division 3—Permits to bring or import goods into Australian territory              158

173........ Application of this Division............................................................ 158

174........ Person may apply for permit........................................................... 158

175........ Director of Biosecurity may grant permit........................................ 158

176........ Conditions of permit....................................................................... 159

177........ Variation, suspension or revocation of permit................................. 160

Division 4—Suspended goods                                                                                162

178........ Director of Biosecurity may suspend bringing or importation of goods into Australian territory for a period         162

179........ Variation of determination suspending bringing or importation of goods into Australian territory          163

180........ Effect on permit of suspended goods determination........................ 163

Division 5—Forfeiture of prohibited goods etc.                                          165

181........ Prohibited goods etc. may be forfeited to the Commonwealth........ 165

Division 6—Offences and civil penalty provisions                                     167

182........ Bringing or importing prohibited goods etc. into Australian territory 167

183........ Bringing or importing prohibited goods etc. into Australian territory and obtaining commercial advantage             167

184........ Bringing or importing prohibited goods etc. into Australian territory and causing harm to the environment or economic consequences.................................................................................. 168

185........ Contravening conditions applying to conditionally non-prohibited goods brought or imported into Australian territory........................................................................................................ 168

186........ Contravening conditions applying to conditionally non-prohibited goods brought or imported into Australian territory and obtaining commercial advantage............................................... 169

187........ Contravening conditions of a permit............................................... 170

188........ Receiving or possessing prohibited goods etc. brought or imported into Australian territory  172

Chapter 4—Managing biosecurity risks: conveyances       173

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                         173

189........ Objects of this Chapter.................................................................... 173

Part 2—Conveyances entering Australian territory etc.                             174

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         174

190........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 174

Division 2—Conveyances that are subject to biosecurity control     176

191........ Aircraft and vessels entering Australian territory............................ 176

192........ Conveyances exposed to other conveyances that are subject to biosecurity control  177

Division 3—Pre-arrival reporting etc.                                                             179

193........ Pre-arrival reporting........................................................................ 179

194........ Pre-arrival reporting—requirement to give additional or corrected information        180

195........ Persons on incoming aircraft or vessel may be required to provide information to assess biosecurity risk              182

Division 4—Assessment of level of biosecurity risk                                  183

196........ Biosecurity risk assessment powers................................................ 183

197........ Securing conveyance....................................................................... 183

198........ Inspecting conveyance.................................................................... 183

199........ Asking questions about conveyance............................................... 183

200........ Requiring documents relating to conveyance to be produced.......... 184

201........ Movement of conveyance............................................................... 185

202........ Biosecurity control notice may be affixed to conveyance or given to person in charge of conveyance     185

203........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. conveyance in relation to which direction has been given      186

Division 5—Biosecurity measures to manage unacceptable level of biosecurity risk    188

204........ Biosecurity measures may be required in relation to conveyance.... 188

205........ Movement of certain aircraft and vessels........................................ 188

206........ Movement of exposed conveyances................................................ 189

207........ Treatment of conveyance................................................................. 189

208........ Treatment that may damage conveyance.......................................... 190

209........ Destruction of conveyance.............................................................. 192

210........ Conveyance must not be destroyed during review period............... 194

211........ Regulations may provide for other biosecurity measures................ 195

212........ Powers of biosecurity officer if biosecurity measures are required. 196

213........ Biosecurity officer may affix notice to conveyance......................... 197

214........ Person must comply with direction to take biosecurity measures.... 198

215........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. conveyance in relation to which biosecurity measures have been required........................................................................................................ 199

Division 6—Boarding and leaving conveyances                                         201

216........ Application of this Division............................................................ 201

217........ Unauthorised persons must not board conveyance......................... 201

218........ Person in charge must not allow unauthorised persons to board conveyance           202

219........ Operator must not allow unauthorised persons to board conveyance 204

220........ Person in charge of conveyance may leave conveyance unless directed not to do so               205

Division 7—Release of conveyances from biosecurity control           207

221........ When conveyance is released from biosecurity control................... 207

Division 8—Miscellaneous                                                                                      208

222........ Information about biosecurity requirements must be given to persons on board incoming aircraft or vessels          208

223........ Quarantine signal............................................................................ 208

Part 3—First points of entry and biosecurity entry points                        209

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         209

224........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 209

Division 2—First points of entry and biosecurity entry points for incoming aircraft and goods             210

225........ Determination of landing places that are first points of entry for aircraft or goods that are subject to biosecurity control........................................................................................................ 210

226........ Biosecurity entry points for aircraft and goods that are subject to biosecurity control              210

227........ Determination may be subject to conditions.................................... 211

228........ Determination may have effect for specified period........................ 211

229........ Variation and revocation of determination etc................................. 211

230........ Determination is a legislative instrument......................................... 212

Division 3—First points of entry and biosecurity entry points for incoming vessels and goods               213

231........ Determination of ports that are first points of entry for vessels or goods that are subject to biosecurity control      213

232........ Biosecurity entry points for vessels and goods that are subject to biosecurity control              213

233........ Determination may be subject to conditions.................................... 214

234........ Determination may have effect for specified period........................ 214

235........ Variation and revocation of determination etc................................. 214

236........ Determination is a legislative instrument......................................... 215

Part 4—Entry points for incoming aircraft and vessels                              216

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         216

237........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 216

Division 2—Entry points for aircraft that intend to land in Australian territory            217

238........ Application of this Division............................................................ 217

239........ Aircraft must land at first point of entry.......................................... 217

240........ Aircraft must be brought to relevant biosecurity entry point (if any) at first point of entry       219

241........ Permission for aircraft to land at landing place that is not first point of entry for aircraft         220

242........ Direction requiring aircraft to land, or not to land, at specified landing place           222

243........ Direction requiring aircraft not to land at any landing place in Australian territory   223

244........ Direction requiring aircraft to land, or not to land, at specified landing place—management of human health risks 224

245........ Person who is given direction must comply with it......................... 225

Division 3—Entry points for vessels that intend to be moored in Australian territory                 226

246........ Application of this Division............................................................ 226

247........ Vessel must be moored at first point of entry.................................. 226

248........ Vessel must be brought to relevant biosecurity entry point (if any) at first point of entry        228

249........ Permission for vessel to be moored at port that is not first point of entry for vessel                229

250........ Direction requiring vessel to be moored, or not to be moored, at specified port       231

251........ Direction requiring vessel not to be moored at any port in Australian territory        232

252........ Direction requiring vessel to be moored, or not to be moored, at specified port—management of human health risks........................................................................................................ 233

253........ Person who is given direction must comply with it......................... 234

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                      235

254........ Biosecurity officer etc. may enter landing places or ports............... 235

Part 5—Ship sanitation                                                                                                    236

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         236

255........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 236

Division 2—Ship sanitation                                                                                     237

256........ Application of this Division............................................................ 237

257........ Regulations may prescribe scheme in relation to ship sanitation..... 237

258........ Declaring ports at which vessels may be inspected for the purposes of the scheme 238

259........ Assessing and managing sanitation health risks.............................. 238

Chapter 5—Ballast water and sediment                                             240

Part 1—Application and interpretation                                                                240

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         240

260........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 240

Division 2—Application and interpretation                                                   241

261........ Extension of Chapter to every external Territory............................. 241

262........ Vessels in dry dock in Australia..................................................... 241

263........ Foreign vessels in waters adjacent to Australian Antarctic Territory 241

264........ References to the person in charge of a vessel do not include persons exercising certain powers            241

265........ Permanent ballast water in sealed tanks not subject to this Chapter. 241

266........ Relationship with other Commonwealth laws................................. 241

267........ Relationship with State and Territory laws...................................... 242

Part 2—Management of discharge of ballast water                                      243

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         243

268........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 243

Division 2—Offence of discharging ballast water                                      244

269........ Offence—discharging ballast water in Australian seas................... 244

Division 3—Exceptions: ballast water management                                245

Subdivision A—Exception                                                                                    245

270........ Exception—ballast water has been managed for discharge............. 245

Subdivision B—Methods of ballast water management                                245

271........ Approved method of ballast water management.............................. 245

272........ Method of ballast water management—application for approval..... 246

273........ Method of ballast water management—approval of method approved by foreign country       247

274........ Prescribing matters by reference to other instruments..................... 247

Subdivision C—Ballast water exchange                                                            247

275........ Management by ballast water exchange.......................................... 247

Division 4—Exception: discharge as part of acceptable ballast water exchange             249

276........ Exception—discharge as part of acceptable ballast water exchange 249

Division 5—Exception: approved discharge to ballast water reception facility                250

277........ Exception—approved discharge to ballast water reception facility.. 250

278........ Discharge to ballast water reception facility—application for approval 250

Division 6—Exception: discharge covered by exemption                      252

279........ Exception—discharge covered by exemption.................................. 252

280........ Director of Biosecurity may grant exemptions................................ 252

281........ Variation and revocation of exemption............................................ 253

Division 7—Exception: taking up and discharging ballast water at same place               254

282........ Exception—taking up and discharging ballast water at same place. 254

Division 8—Exceptions and reporting requirements relating to safety, accidents and pollution             255

283........ Exceptions—safety, accidents and pollution................................... 255

284........ Report of discharge relating to safety, accident or pollution............ 256

Part 3—Ballast water management plans and ballast water management certificates    258

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         258

285........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 258

Division 2—Ballast water management plans                                             259

286........ Ballast water management plan....................................................... 259

287........ Approval of ballast water management plan for Australian vessel.. 259

Division 3—Ballast water management certificates                                 260

288........ Ballast water management certificate............................................... 260

289........ Director of Biosecurity may authorise person to be survey authority 261

290........ Issue or endorsement etc. of ballast water management certificate on behalf of the Commonwealth        261

Part 4—Ballast water records                                                                                     263

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         263

291........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 263

Division 2—Australian vessels                                                                              264

292........ Australian vessel must have ballast water record system................ 264

293........ Recording ballast water operations and disposal of sediment.......... 264

294........ Records must be retained................................................................ 265

295........ Appropriate ballast water records for Australian vessel.................. 266

Division 3—Foreign vessels                                                                                    267

296........ Appropriate ballast water records for foreign vessel....................... 267

Part 5—Offence of disposing of sediment                                                            268

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         268

297........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 268

Division 2—Offence of disposing of sediment                                              269

298........ Offence—disposing of sediment in Australian seas........................ 269

299........ Exceptions—safety, accidents and pollution................................... 269

Part 6—Compliance and enforcement                                                                   271

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         271

300........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 271

Division 2—Power to require owner of Australian vessel to provide ballast water records      272

301........ Power to require owner of Australian vessel to provide ballast water records         272

Division 3—Directions powers                                                                             273

302........ Directions not to discharge ballast water......................................... 273

303........ Directions about movement of vessel.............................................. 273

304........ Directions about movement of vessel—variation or revocation...... 274

305........ Offence—contravening a direction.................................................. 275

306........ Manner of giving directions etc....................................................... 276

Part 7—Miscellaneous                                                                                                      277

307........ Compensation for undue detention or delay of vessel..................... 277

Chapter 6—Managing biosecurity risks: monitoring, control and response       278

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                         278

308........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 278

309........ Modified meaning of biosecurity risk ............................................. 278

310........ Objects of this Chapter.................................................................... 279

311........ Application of this Chapter............................................................. 280

Part 2—Assessment of level of biosecurity risk                                                281

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         281

312........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 281

Division 2—Circumstances in which biosecurity risk assessment powers may be exercised     283

313........ Reasonable suspicion that disease or pest may pose unacceptable level of biosecurity risk      283

314........ Exercise of biosecurity risk assessment powers in premises........... 283

Division 3—Biosecurity risk assessment powers                                        285

315........ Application of this Division............................................................ 285

316........ Direction to secure goods or conveyance........................................ 285

317........ Inspections and taking samples of goods or premises..................... 285

318........ Asking questions about goods or premises..................................... 286

319........ Requiring documents relating to goods or premises to be produced 287

320........ Movement of goods or conveyance................................................ 288

321........ Biosecurity officer may affix notice to goods or conveyance.......... 289

322........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods or conveyance to which notice has been affixed          290

323........ Operating electronic equipment on premises................................... 291

324........ Expert assistance to operate electronic equipment........................... 292

Division 4—Offences                                                                                                  294

325........ Contravention of direction............................................................... 294

326........ Contravention of requirement to answer questions etc.................... 294

327........ Contravention of requirement to produce documents...................... 295

328........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods or conveyance to which notice has been affixed          295

Part 3—Biosecurity measures to manage unacceptable level of biosecurity risk                 297

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         297

329........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 297

Division 2—Powers that may be exercised: general                                299

Subdivision A—Circumstances in which powers may be exercised           299

330........ Circumstances in which powers set out in this Division may be exercised              299

Subdivision B—Powers relating to entry to and exit from premises         299

331........ Entry and exit etc. requirements—persons...................................... 299

332........ Entry and exit etc. requirements—goods and conveyances............. 301

Subdivision C—Powers relating to treatment of goods, conveyances and other premises           302

333........ Treatment of goods......................................................................... 302

334........ Treatment that may damage goods.................................................. 302

335........ Treatment of conveyance................................................................. 304

336........ Treatment that may damage conveyance.......................................... 304

337........ Treatment of premises (other than a conveyance)............................ 306

338........ Treatment that may damage premises (other than a conveyance)..... 306

339........ Dealing with premises (other than a conveyance) if owner does not agree to treatment etc.     308

Subdivision D—Powers relating to destruction of goods, conveyances and other premises        309

340........ Destruction of goods....................................................................... 309

341........ Destruction of conveyance.............................................................. 310

342........ Destruction of premises.................................................................. 312

343........ High-value goods, conveyances or premises must not be destroyed during review period      313

Division 3—Powers provided by regulations                                                316

344........ Regulations may provide for other biosecurity measures................ 316

Division 4—Other powers                                                                                       318

345........ Powers of biosecurity officer if biosecurity measures are required. 318

346........ Biosecurity officer may affix notice to goods or premises.............. 319

Division 5—Offences and civil penalty provisions                                     321

347........ Contravention of requirement relating to entering or leaving etc. premises               321

348........ Person must comply with direction................................................. 321

349........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods or conveyance to which notice has been affixed          322

Part 4—Biosecurity control orders                                                                           324

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         324

350........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 324

Division 2—Making, varying and revoking biosecurity control orders                325

351........ Director of Biosecurity may make biosecurity control order to manage unacceptable level of biosecurity risk        325

352........ Content of a biosecurity control order............................................. 325

353........ Form of biosecurity control order................................................... 327

354........ Biosecurity control order to be given to person in charge etc. of goods or premises or affixed to goods or premises........................................................................................................ 327

355........ Circumstances in which biosecurity control order ceases to be in force 328

356........ Variation of biosecurity control order............................................. 328

357........ Revocation of biosecurity control order.......................................... 330

Division 3—Powers that may be exercised under biosecurity control order      332

358........ Powers that may be exercised—general.......................................... 332

359........ Exercise of powers in premises....................................................... 332

360........ Power to secure goods or premises to deal with another disease or pest  333

Division 4—Civil penalty provision                                                                   335

361........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. biosecurity control order affixed to goods or premises              335

Part 5—Biosecurity response zones                                                                         336

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         336

362........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 336

Division 2—Biosecurity response zone determinations                          337

363........ Director of Biosecurity may determine biosecurity response zone.. 337

364........ Content of a biosecurity response zone determination..................... 338

365........ Additional powers that may be specified in a biosecurity response zone determination           339

366........ Consultation requirements............................................................... 340

367........ Notification requirements................................................................ 340

Division 3—Powers that may be exercised in biosecurity response zones            341

368........ Powers that may be exercised—general.......................................... 341

369........ Exercise of powers in premises....................................................... 341

370........ Power to secure goods or premises to deal with another disease or pest  342

Division 4—Offences and civil penalty provisions                                     344

371........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying biosecurity response zone        344

372........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying goods or premises in a biosecurity response zone.................................................................................. 345

373........ Person must comply with direction................................................. 345

374........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. equipment etc. set up in biosecurity response zone    346

Part 6—Biosecurity monitoring zones                                                                    348

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         348

375........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 348

Division 2—Permanent biosecurity monitoring zones                            350

Subdivision A—Areas that are permanent biosecurity monitoring zones 350

376........ Permanent biosecurity monitoring zones......................................... 350

Subdivision B—Powers that may be exercised in permanent biosecurity monitoring zones       350

377........ Powers that may be exercised—general.......................................... 350

378........ Exercise of powers in premises....................................................... 352

Subdivision C—Civil penalty provisions                                                          352

379........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying permanent biosecurity monitoring zone........................................................................................................ 353

380........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying goods or premises in a permanent biosecurity monitoring zone............................................................ 353

381........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. equipment etc. set up in permanent biosecurity monitoring zone........................................................................................................ 354

Division 3—Temporary biosecurity monitoring zones                           356

Subdivision A—Temporary biosecurity monitoring zone determinations 356

382........ Director of Biosecurity may determine temporary biosecurity monitoring zone       356

383........ Content of a temporary biosecurity monitoring zone determination 356

384........ Additional powers that may be specified in a temporary biosecurity monitoring zone determination       358

385........ Consultation requirements............................................................... 359

386........ Notification requirements................................................................ 359

Subdivision B—Powers that may be exercised in temporary biosecurity monitoring zones       359

387........ Powers that may be exercised—general.......................................... 359

388........ Exercise of powers in premises....................................................... 360

Subdivision C—Civil penalty provisions                                                          361

389........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying temporary biosecurity monitoring zone........................................................................................................ 361

390........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying goods or premises in temporary biosecurity monitoring zone............................................................ 362

391........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. equipment etc. set up in temporary biosecurity monitoring zone........................................................................................................ 363

Part 7—Biosecurity activity zones                                                                             364

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         364

392........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 364

Division 2—Biosecurity activity zone determinations                             365

393........ Director of Biosecurity may determine biosecurity activity zone..... 365

394........ Consultation requirements............................................................... 366

395........ Notification requirements................................................................ 366

396........ Revocation of biosecurity activity zone determination..................... 366

Division 3—Powers that may be exercised in biosecurity activity zones              367

397........ Powers that may be exercised......................................................... 367

398........ Use of force.................................................................................... 368

Division 4—Offences and civil penalty provisions                                     369

399........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying biosecurity activity zone           369

400........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying goods or premises in a biosecurity activity zone.................................................................................... 369

401........ Person must comply with direction................................................. 370

Chapter 7—Approved arrangements                                                    372

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                         372

402........ Guide to this Chapter...................................................................... 372

Part 2—Approval of proposed arrangement                                                     374

403........ Person may apply to relevant Director for approval of proposed arrangement to carry out biosecurity activities     374

404........ Relevant Director must decide whether or not to approve proposed arrangement    374

405........ Proposed arrangement may be approved subject to condition requiring security to be given   375

406........ Notice of decision........................................................................... 376

407........ Period of effect of approved arrangement....................................... 376

408........ Restrictions on applications for approval of proposed arrangements etc. 376

409........ Transfer of approved arrangement.................................................. 378

Part 3—Variation of approved arrangement                                                    379

Division 1—Application by biosecurity industry participant               379

410........ Application for approval of varied arrangement.............................. 379

Division 2—Variation required by relevant Director                              380

411........ Relevant Director may vary or require variation of approved arrangement               380

412........ Notice varying conditions of approved arrangement....................... 380

413........ Date of effect of variation of conditions of approved arrangement.. 381

414........ Notice requiring approved arrangement to be varied....................... 381

Part 4—Suspension of approved arrangement                                                382

Division 1—Suspension requested by biosecurity industry participant 382

415........ Biosecurity industry participant may request relevant Director to suspend all or part of approved arrangement      382

Division 2—Suspension by relevant Director                                               384

416........ Relevant Director may suspend approved arrangement................... 384

417........ Notice of suspension....................................................................... 385

418........ Period of suspension....................................................................... 386

419........ Management of biosecurity risks during suspension period........... 386

Part 5—Revocation of approved arrangement                                                388

Division 1—Revocation requested by biosecurity industry participant                 388

420........ Biosecurity industry participant may request relevant Director to revoke approved arrangement             388

Division 2—Revocation by relevant Director                                              389

421........ Relevant Director may revoke approved arrangement..................... 389

422........ Notice of revocation........................................................................ 390

423........ Date of effect of revocation............................................................. 390

424........ Management of biosecurity risks after revocation........................... 391

Part 6—Powers and obligations of biosecurity industry participants 393

Division 1—General                                                                                                   393

425........ Authorisation to carry out biosecurity activities in accordance with approved arrangement     393

426........ Biosecurity industry participant must carry out biosecurity activities in accordance with approved arrangement etc......................................................................................................... 393

427........ Biosecurity officer may give direction to biosecurity industry participant to manage biosecurity risks    394

428........ Biosecurity industry participant may charge fee in relation to biosecurity activities carried out                395

Division 2—Biosecurity incidents                                                                        396

429........ Reporting biosecurity incidents....................................................... 396

430........ Costs of dealing with biosecurity incidents..................................... 397

Part 7—Other provisions                                                                                                399

Division 1—Applications for approval                                                             399

431........ Applications to which this Division applies.................................... 399

432........ Requirements for applications......................................................... 399

433........ Dealing with applications................................................................ 399

Division 2—Audit powers                                                                                        401

434........ Relevant Director may require audit to be carried out...................... 401

435........ Powers of auditors.......................................................................... 402

Division 3—Miscellaneous                                                                                      404

436........ Giving false or misleading information to a biosecurity industry participant            404

437........ Giving false or misleading documents to a biosecurity industry participant             405

438........ Obstruction or hindrance of person acting in accordance with approved arrangement             406

439........ Protection from civil proceedings.................................................... 406

Chapter 8—Biosecurity emergencies and human biosecurity emergencies            408

Part 1—Biosecurity emergencies                                                                               408

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         408

440........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 408

Division 2—Declaration of biosecurity emergency                                   409

441........ Governor-General may declare that a biosecurity emergency exists 409

442........ Governor-General may extend biosecurity emergency period......... 410

Division 3—Emergency requirements, directions and actions           412

443........ Agriculture Minister may determine emergency requirements during biosecurity emergencies                412

444........ Agriculture Minister may give directions and take actions during biosecurity emergencies     413

445........ Limits on power to give directions and take actions........................ 415

446........ Limit on requiring individuals to be subject to certain biosecurity measures            415

447........ Person must comply with emergency requirements and directions. 416

448........ Asking questions relating to biosecurity emergencies..................... 417

449........ Requiring documents relating to biosecurity emergencies............... 418

Division 4—National response agencies                                                          420

450........ Agriculture Minister may declare national response agency............ 420

451........ Agriculture Minister may delegate certain emergency powers........ 420

452........ Executive head of national response agency may subdelegate certain emergency powers        421

453........ Delegation does not limit other powers........................................... 422

454........ Notice may be affixed to goods or a conveyance............................ 422

455........ Moving or interfering with goods or conveyance........................... 423

Division 5—Exercise of powers during biosecurity emergencies      426

456........ Modification of this Act during biosecurity emergencies................ 426

457........ Biosecurity risk assessment powers................................................ 426

458........ Application of offences during emergencies................................... 427

459........ Biosecurity control orders—making orders.................................... 428

460........ Biosecurity control orders—varying orders.................................... 429

461........ Biosecurity control orders—revoking orders.................................. 430

462........ Modification of Part 4 of Chapter 6 in relation to biosecurity control orders            431

463........ Biosecurity response zones............................................................. 431

464........ Setting traps and setting up equipment and other structures............ 432

465........ Notice requirements during biosecurity emergencies...................... 432

466........ Other biosecurity measures during biosecurity emergencies........... 434

467........ Merits review during biosecurity emergencies................................ 434

Division 6—Entry to premises without warrant or consent during biosecurity emergencies    435

468........ Entry to premises without warrant or consent during biosecurity emergencies        435

469........ Modification of Chapter 6............................................................... 437

470........ Entry to adjacent premises without warrant or consent during biosecurity emergencies           437

Part 2—Human biosecurity emergencies                                                              439

471........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 439

472........ Health Minister to exercise human biosecurity emergency powers personally         439

473........ Governor-General may declare that a human biosecurity emergency exists             439

474........ Governor-General may extend a human biosecurity emergency period 441

475........ Health Minister may determine emergency requirements during human biosecurity emergency period   441

476........ Health Minister may give directions during human biosecurity emergency period   443

477........ Person must comply with emergency requirements and directions. 445

Chapter 9—Powers and other provisions related to ensuring compliance with this Act                                                                                                                        446

Part 1—Monitoring                                                                                                            446

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         446

478........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 446

Division 2—Monitoring powers                                                                           447

479........ Biosecurity enforcement officer may enter premises by consent or under a warrant                447

480........ Monitoring powers of biosecurity enforcement officers................. 447

481........ Operating electronic equipment....................................................... 448

482........ Expert assistance to operate electronic equipment........................... 449

483........ Securing evidence of the contravention of a related provision......... 451

Part 2—Investigation                                                                                                        453

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         453

484........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 453

Division 2—Investigation powers                                                                       454

485........ Biosecurity enforcement officer may enter premises by consent or under a warrant                454

486........ Investigation powers of biosecurity enforcement officers............... 454

487........ Operating electronic equipment....................................................... 455

488........ Expert assistance to operate electronic equipment........................... 457

489........ Seizing evidence of related provisions............................................ 458

Division 3—General provisions relating to seizure                                   460

490........ Copies of seized things to be provided............................................ 460

491........ Receipts for seized things................................................................ 460

492........ Return of seized things.................................................................... 460

493........ Issuing officer may permit a thing to be retained............................. 461

494........ Disposal of things........................................................................... 462

Part 3—General provisions relating to monitoring and investigation 464

495........ Biosecurity enforcement officer may ask questions and seek production of documents           464

496........ When warrants can be executed on aircraft and vessels.................. 465

Part 4—Monitoring, searching and accessing certain premises             466

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         466

497........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 466

Division 2—Monitoring and searching certain premises                       467

498........ Meaning of relevant premises ......................................................... 467

499........ Monitoring premises....................................................................... 467

500........ Offence-related searches and seizures............................................. 468

Division 3—Entering adjacent premises to gain access to other premises           469

501........ Meaning of premises ...................................................................... 469

502........ Entering adjacent premises to gain access to other premises........... 469

503........ Entry under adjacent premises warrants.......................................... 469

Part 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                                      471

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         471

504........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 471

Division 2—Fit and proper person test                                                            472

505........ Fit and proper person test................................................................ 472

Division 3—Personal information for applications                                   474

506........ Personal information for applications.............................................. 474

Division 4—Civil penalty provisions for false or misleading information or documents             475

507........ Civil penalty provision for false or misleading information............ 475

508........ Civil penalty provision for false or misleading documents.............. 476

Chapter 10—Entry to premises and warrants                             477

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                         477

509........ Guide to this Chapter...................................................................... 477

Part 2—Issue of warrants                                                                                              478

Division 1—Ordinary issue of warrants                                                         478

510........ Application and issue of warrant..................................................... 478

511........ Test to be satisfied for issue of warrant........................................... 479

512........ Content of warrant.......................................................................... 482

Division 2—Issue of certain warrants by telephone, fax etc.               487

513........ Application of this Division to certain warrants.............................. 487

514........ Issue of certain warrants by telephone, fax etc................................ 487

515........ Authority of warrant....................................................................... 489

516........ Fault-based offence relating to warrants by telephone, fax etc........ 489

Part 3—Entering premises with a warrant or consent, and taking possession with a warrant 491

Division 1—Obligations and powers of biosecurity enforcement officers            491

Subdivision A—Obligations of biosecurity enforcement officers              491

517........ Consent........................................................................................... 491

518........ Announcement before execution of warrant.................................... 492

519........ Biosecurity enforcement officer to be in possession of warrant...... 493

520........ Details of warrant etc. to be provided.............................................. 494

Subdivision B—Use of force                                                                                 494

521........ Use of force in executing a warrant................................................. 494

Subdivision C—Completing execution of investigation warrants              495

522........ Completing execution of an investigation warrant after temporary cessation            495

523........ Completing execution of an investigation warrant stopped by court order               496

Division 2—Appropriate person’s rights and responsibilities in relation to warrants   497

524........ Appropriate person’s right to observe execution of warrant........... 497

525........ Appropriate person to provide facilities and assistance................... 497

Part 4—Entering premises without a warrant or consent                         498

Division 1—Application of this Part                                                                  498

526........ Application of this Part................................................................... 498

Division 2—Obligations and powers of biosecurity enforcement officers in entering premises               499

527........ Announcement before entry............................................................ 499

528........ Use of force in entering premises.................................................... 499

Division 3—Appropriate person’s rights and responsibilities on entry 500

529........ Appropriate person is entitled to observe exercise of powers......... 500

530........ Appropriate person to provide officers etc. with facilities and assistance 500

Part 5—General provisions                                                                                           501

531........ Persons assisting biosecurity officers or biosecurity enforcement officers               501

532........ Powers of issuing officers.............................................................. 503

533........ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......................... 503

Chapter 11—Enforcement                                                                                505

Part 1—Civil penalty provisions                                                                                505

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         505

534........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 505

Division 2—Obtaining a civil penalty order                                                  506

535........ Civil penalty orders......................................................................... 506

536........ Civil enforcement of penalty........................................................... 507

537........ Conduct contravening more than one civil penalty provision.......... 507

538........ Multiple contraventions................................................................... 507

539........ Proceedings may be heard together................................................. 507

540........ Civil evidence and procedure rules for civil penalty orders............. 508

541........ Contravening a civil penalty provision is not an offence................. 508

Division 3—Civil proceedings and criminal proceedings                       509

542........ Other enforcement action after criminal proceedings....................... 509

543........ Other enforcement action during civil proceedings......................... 509

544........ Other enforcement action after civil proceedings............................. 510

545........ Evidence given in civil proceedings not admissible in criminal proceedings            510

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                      511

546........ Ancillary contravention of civil penalty provisions......................... 511

547........ Continuing contraventions of civil penalty provisions.................... 511

548........ Mistake of fact................................................................................ 512

549........ Sudden or extraordinary emergency................................................ 512

550........ State of mind................................................................................... 513

551........ Omissions....................................................................................... 513

552........ Burden of proof for exceptions etc. to civil penalty provisions....... 514

553........ Civil penalties for executive officers of bodies corporate................ 514

554........ Reasonable steps to prevent contravention...................................... 515

Part 2—Infringement notices                                                                                       516

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         516

555........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 516

556........ Infringement notice provisions........................................................ 516

Division 2—Infringement notices                                                                        517

557........ When an infringement notice may be given..................................... 517

558........ Matters to be included in an infringement notice............................. 518

559........ Extension of time to pay amount..................................................... 520

560........ Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................................. 520

561........ Effect of payment of amount........................................................... 522

562........ Effect of this Part............................................................................ 523

563........ Further provision by regulation....................................................... 523

Part 3—Enforceable undertakings                                                                          524

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         524

564........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 524

Division 2—Accepting and enforcing undertakings                                  525

565........ Acceptance of undertakings............................................................ 525

566........ Enforcement of undertakings.......................................................... 525

Part 4—Injunctions                                                                                                            527

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         527

567........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 527

Division 2—Injunctions                                                                                            528

568........ Grant of injunctions........................................................................ 528

569........ Interim injunctions.......................................................................... 529

570........ Discharging or varying injunctions................................................. 529

571........ Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply.......................... 529

572........ Other powers of a relevant court unaffected.................................... 530

573........ Judicial review................................................................................ 530

Part 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                                      531

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         531

574........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 531

Division 2—Miscellaneous                                                                                      532

575........ Physical elements of offences......................................................... 532

576........ Contravening offence and civil penalty provisions.......................... 532

Chapter 12—Governance and officials                                               533

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                         533

577........ Guide to this Chapter...................................................................... 533

Part 2—Director of Biosecurity                                                                                  534

578........ Director of Biosecurity.................................................................... 534

579........ Functions and powers of Director of Biosecurity........................... 534

580........ Delegation and subdelegation.......................................................... 535

581........ Agriculture Minister may give general directions to Director of Biosecurity            538

Part 3—Director of Human Biosecurity                                                               539

582........ Director of Human Biosecurity....................................................... 539

Part 4—Biosecurity officers and biosecurity enforcement officers      540

Division 1—Authorisation                                                                                       540

Subdivision A—Authorisation by Director of Biosecurity                           540

583........ Authorisation by Director of Biosecurity of persons as biosecurity officers            540

584........ Authorisation by Director of Biosecurity of persons as biosecurity enforcement officers        541

585........ Arrangements for State or Territory officers or employees to be biosecurity officers or biosecurity enforcement officers........................................................................................................ 541

Subdivision B—Authorisation by Director of Human Biosecurity            542

586........ Authorisation by Director of Human Biosecurity of persons as biosecurity enforcement officers           542

587........ Arrangements for State or Territory officers or employees to be biosecurity enforcement officers          543

Division 2—Functions and powers                                                                     544

Subdivision A—General                                                                                        544

588........ Functions and powers of biosecurity officers................................. 544

589........ Functions and powers of biosecurity enforcement officers............. 544

590........ Directions to assist persons performing functions etc. under this Act 544

591........ Biosecurity officers and biosecurity enforcement officers may be assisted by animals            546

592........ Carrying out tests on samples......................................................... 547

593........ Biosecurity officer may direct person in charge of conveyance to permit biosecurity officer to board     547

594........ Powers that may be exercised by biosecurity officer after boarding a conveyance   549

595........ Biosecurity officer may give permission to engage in certain conduct 549

Subdivision B—Decontamination                                                                       550

596........ Decontaminating an individual........................................................ 550

597........ Direction to individual to be decontaminated................................... 551

598........ Decontaminating clothing and personal effects............................... 553

599........ Other protections in relation to decontamination............................. 554

Part 5—Chief human biosecurity officers and human biosecurity officers            555

Division 1—Authorisation                                                                                       555

600........ Authorisation of chief human biosecurity officers.......................... 555

601........ Authorisation of human biosecurity officers................................... 555

602........ Arrangements for State or Territory officers or employees to be chief human biosecurity officers or human biosecurity officers............................................................................................ 556

Division 2—Functions and powers                                                                     557

603........ Functions and powers of chief human biosecurity officers............. 557

604........ Functions and powers of human biosecurity officers...................... 557

Part 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                                      558

605........ Identity cards—biosecurity officers etc........................................... 558

606........ Identity cards—human biosecurity officers etc............................... 558

607........ Offence—failure to return identity card........................................... 558

608........ General provisions relating to directions......................................... 559

Chapter 13—Miscellaneous                                                                              560

Part 1—Review of decisions                                                                                         560

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         560

609........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 560

Division 2—Review of decisions                                                                          561

610........ Reviewable decisions...................................................................... 561

611........ Notice of decision........................................................................... 566

612........ Internal review of reviewable decisions.......................................... 566

613........ Director of Biosecurity may require further information from applicants 568

614........ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............................. 568

Part 2—Confidentiality of information                                                                 569

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         569

615........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 569

Division 2—Confidentiality of information                                                   570

616........ Disclosure of protected information................................................ 570

617........ Use in accordance with section 616 does not contravene laws etc.. 571

618........ Authorisation to use information for purposes of proceedings....... 572

619........ Authorisation to use information that is also received from another source, and use of information by prescribed agencies........................................................................................................ 572

620........ Authorisation to use information required by another law.............. 574

621........ Offence relating to protected information........................................ 575

622........ Exception for use of information in good faith................................ 575

623........ Exception for person who does not know that information is commercial-in-confidence         575

624........ Exception for disclosing to the person to whom information relates, or if the person to whom information relates consents.......................................................................................... 576

625........ Exception for disclosure to person who provided the information.. 577

626........ Annual report.................................................................................. 577

Part 3—Cost recovery                                                                                                      578

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         578

627........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 578

Division 2—Fees                                                                                                           579

628........ Fees................................................................................................. 579

629........ Notional payments by the Commonwealth...................................... 579

Division 3—Unpaid fees                                                                                           581

Subdivision A—General                                                                                        581

630........ Late payment fee............................................................................. 581

631........ Recovery of fees............................................................................. 581

632........ Suspending or revoking permits etc. because of unpaid fees.......... 581

Subdivision B—Dealing with goods to recover unpaid fees                         582

633........ Fee is a charge on goods................................................................. 582

634........ Effect of charge on goods............................................................... 583

635........ Biosecurity officer may withhold goods that are subject to charge.. 583

636........ Moving or interfering with withheld goods.................................... 584

637........ When goods stop being withheld.................................................... 585

638........ Sale of withheld goods.................................................................... 586

Subdivision C—Dealing with a conveyance to recover unpaid fees relating to the conveyance                 586

639........ Fee is a charge on conveyance........................................................ 586

640........ Effect of charge on conveyance....................................................... 587

641........ Director of Biosecurity may detain conveyance that is subject to charge  587

642........ Moving or interfering with detained conveyance............................ 589

643........ Release of detained conveyance...................................................... 589

644........ Sale of detained conveyance............................................................ 590

Division 4—Power to sell goods and conveyances                                     592

645........ Sale of goods and conveyances....................................................... 592

646........ Dealing with the proceeds of sale.................................................... 592

Division 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                      594

647........ Providing sustenance for animals and plants................................... 594

648........ Agriculture Minister may remit or refund fees................................ 595

Part 4—Exemptions from and modifications of this Act                            596

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         596

649........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 596

Division 2—Exemptions from and modifications of this Act               597

650........ Exemptions from and modifications of this Act.............................. 597

651........ Exemptions for Torres Strait Treaty................................................ 597

Part 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                                      600

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         600

652........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 600

Division 2—Abandoned or forfeited goods and conveyances              601

653........ Abandoned goods........................................................................... 601

654........ Forfeited goods............................................................................... 602

655........ Abandoned conveyances................................................................. 603

656........ Forfeited conveyances..................................................................... 604

Division 3—Damaged and destroyed goods etc.                                         606

657........ Person complying with direction or request must not damage or destroy goods      606

658........ Compensation for damaged goods.................................................. 607

659........ Compensation for destroyed goods, conveyances or other premises 607

660........ Claims for, and amount of, compensation....................................... 609

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                      611

661........ Privilege against self-incrimination................................................. 611

662........ Offence—hindering compliance with the Act etc............................ 612

663........ Certificates given by analyst............................................................ 613

664........ Admission of analyst’s certificate in proceedings........................... 613

665........ Power or requirement to do or cause a thing to be done.................. 615

666........ Treatment of partnerships................................................................ 615

667........ Treatment of unincorporated associations....................................... 616

668........ Arrangements with States and Territories to assist in carrying out this Act              616

669........ Delegation of powers by Agriculture Minister................................ 617

670........ Protection from civil proceedings.................................................... 618

671........ Regulations..................................................................................... 619