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Underwater Cultural Heritage Bill 2018

2016-2017-2018

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

Underwater Cultural Heritage Bill 2018

 

No.      , 2018

 

(Environment and Energy)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to protect Australia’s underwater cultural heritage, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                             1

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                               1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Objects of this Act.............................................................................. 2

4............ Simplified outline of this Act.............................................................. 3

5............ Extension to external Territories.......................................................... 4

6............ This Act binds the Crown................................................................... 4

7............ Extraterritorial operation of this Act.................................................... 5

8............ Geographical application of offences.................................................. 6

Division 2—Definitions                                                                                                 7

9............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 7

10.......... Meaning of associated with .............................................................. 10

11.......... Meaning of Australian waters .......................................................... 11

12.......... Meaning of coastal waters of a State or the Northern Territory........ 12

13.......... Meaning of Commonwealth waters .................................................. 13

14.......... Meaning of Dutch shipwreck ............................................................ 14

15.......... Meaning of underwater cultural heritage ......................................... 15

Part 2—Protected underwater cultural heritage                                               17

Division 1—Underwater cultural heritage                                                       17

16.......... Underwater cultural heritage that is automatically protected.............. 17

17.......... Underwater cultural heritage that may be declared to be protected.... 17

18.......... Underwater cultural heritage outside Australian waters that may be declared to be protected   18

19.......... Underwater cultural heritage that may be provisionally declared to be protected      19

Division 2—Protected zones                                                                                    21

20.......... Declaring a protected zone............................................................... 21

21.......... Varying and revoking protected zone declaration.............................. 22

Division 3—Other matters                                                                                        23

22.......... Criteria relating to heritage significance............................................. 23

Part 3—Regulation of protected underwater cultural heritage               24

Division 1—Permits relating to protected underwater cultural heritage              24

23.......... Permits relating to protected underwater cultural heritage................. 24

24.......... Permits are subject to conditions....................................................... 25

25.......... Varying permits................................................................................ 26

26.......... Suspending and revoking permits..................................................... 26

27.......... Transfer of permits............................................................................ 27

28.......... Breach of conditions of permit.......................................................... 28

Division 2—Regulation of activities relating to protected underwater cultural heritage             29

29.......... Certain conduct within a protected zone prohibited without a permit 29

30.......... Conduct having an adverse impact on protected underwater cultural heritage prohibited without a permit               30

31.......... Possession etc. of protected underwater cultural heritage prohibited without a permit             31

32.......... Supplying, or offering to supply, protected underwater cultural heritage prohibited without a permit      31

33.......... Advertisements for sale of protected underwater cultural heritage must include permit number               32

34.......... Importing protected underwater cultural heritage prohibited without a permit          33

35.......... Exporting protected underwater cultural heritage prohibited without a permit          34

36.......... Importing underwater cultural heritage of a foreign country prohibited without a permit         34

37.......... Requirement to produce permits........................................................ 35

38.......... Minister may ascertain location of protected underwater cultural heritage                36

39.......... Minister may give directions about custody etc. of protected underwater cultural heritage       37

40.......... Discovery of certain underwater cultural heritage must be notified... 39

Part 4—Compliance and enforcement                                                                     40

Division 1—Regulatory powers                                                                             40

41.......... Monitoring powers........................................................................... 40

42.......... Investigation powers......................................................................... 41

43.......... Civil penalty provisions.................................................................... 42

44.......... Infringement notices.......................................................................... 42

45.......... Enforceable undertakings.................................................................. 42

46.......... Injunctions........................................................................................ 43

Division 2—Forfeiture                                                                                                44

47.......... Court may order forfeiture................................................................ 44

Part 5—Other matters                                                                                                        45

48.......... Register of underwater cultural heritage............................................ 45

49.......... Review of decisions.......................................................................... 45

50.......... Declaration of ownership of specified Dutch shipwrecks and associated articles     46

51.......... Declaration of ownership of other underwater cultural heritage........ 47

52.......... Ownership of, and sovereignty in, remains of Australian defence vessels etc.         48

53.......... Compensation for acquisition of property......................................... 49

54.......... Certificate by Minister to be evidence............................................... 49

55.......... Contravening offence or civil penalty provisions.............................. 49

56.......... Delegation of Minister’s powers....................................................... 50

57.......... Delegation of Secretary’s powers..................................................... 50

58.......... Approved forms................................................................................ 51

59.......... Arrangements for States and the Northern Territory to carry out certain functions  51

60.......... Appointment of inspectors................................................................ 51

61.......... Underwater Cultural Heritage Rules................................................. 52

 



A Bill for an Act to protect Australia’s underwater cultural heritage, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts: