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Charities Bill 2013

2010-2011-2012-2013

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charities Bill 2013

 

No.      , 2013

 

(Treasury)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to define charity and charitable purpose, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              2

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 2

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 2

4............ Government entity ............................................................................... 3

Part 2—Definition of charity                                                                                           4

Division 1—Definition of charity                                                                             4

5............ Definition of charity ............................................................................ 4

Division 2—Purposes for the public benefit                                                       5

6............ Purposes for the public benefit............................................................ 5

7............ Certain purposes presumed to be for the public benefit....................... 6

8............ Relief of necessitous circumstances.................................................... 7

9............ Purposes of entities that receive, hold or manage benefits that relate to native title etc.             7

10.......... When public benefit test does not apply.............................................. 7

Division 3—Disqualifying purpose                                                                         9

11.......... Disqualifying purpose ......................................................................... 9

Part 3—Definition of charitable purpose                                                               10

Division 1—Definition of charitable purpose                                                  10

12.......... Definition of charitable purpose ....................................................... 10

13.......... Funds that contribute to charity-like government entities.................. 11

Division 2—Types of charitable purpose                                                          12

14.......... Purpose of advancing health ............................................................. 12

15.......... Purpose of advancing social or public welfare ................................. 12

16.......... Purpose of advancing culture ........................................................... 13

17.......... Purpose of advancing the security or safety of Australia or the Australian public    13

Part 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                                        14

18.......... Cy pres and similar schemes............................................................. 14

 



A Bill for an Act to define charity and charitable purpose, and for related purposes

Preamble

                   The Parliament of Australia recognises the unique nature and diversity of charities and the distinctive and important role that they play in Australia.

                   Until now, the meaning of charity in Commonwealth law has largely been that of the common law, based on the preamble to the Statute of Charitable Uses 1601.

                   Modern, comprehensive, statutory definitions of charity and charitable purpose, applying for the purposes of all Commonwealth law and ensuring continuity by utilising familiar concepts from the common law, will provide clarity and certainty as to the meaning of those concepts in contemporary Australia.

The Parliament of Australia enacts: