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Australian Education Bill 2013

2010-2011-2012-2013

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

As passed by both Houses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australian Education Bill 2013

 

No.      , 2013

 

 

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act in relation to school education and reforms relating to school education, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              3

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              3

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 3

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 3

3............ Objects of this Act.............................................................................. 3

4............ Guide to this Act................................................................................. 6

5............ Binding the Crown.............................................................................. 8

Division 2—Interpretation                                                                                          8

6............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 8

7............ Definition of census day ................................................................... 17

8............ Definition of majority Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander school 18

9............ Definition of overpayment ................................................................ 18

10.......... Definition of receives ........................................................................ 21

11.......... Definition of recoverable payment .................................................... 22

12.......... Definition of total entitlement ............................................................ 22

13.......... Definitions of kinds of schools based on location............................. 23

14.......... Minister to determine participating States and Territories.................. 23

15.......... Levels of education........................................................................... 24

16.......... Working out the number of students at a school for a year............... 24

17.......... Part-time students.............................................................................. 25

18.......... Minister to make determinations in relation to locations of schools.. 25

19.......... Non-government schools providing only distance education............ 25

Part 2—Grants of financial assistance to States and Territories             27

20.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 27

21.......... Financial assistance for schools........................................................ 27

22.......... Conditions of financial assistance—implementing national policy initiatives relating to school education               28

23.......... Conditions of financial assistance—conditions relating to payments to States and Territories for non-government schools.......................................................................................................... 29

24.......... Condition of financial assistance—recovering amounts.................... 30

25.......... Minister to determine timing and amounts of recurrent funding........ 30

26.......... Entitlement to recurrent funding........................................................ 31

27.......... Pro-rating of recurrent funding......................................................... 32

28.......... Minister to determine timing and amounts of capital funding............ 33

29.......... Minister to determine timing and amounts of special circumstances funding           33

30.......... Minister to determine timing and amounts of funding for non-government representative body              34

Part 3—Recurrent funding for participating schools                                     35

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                                35

31.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 35

Division 2—The funding formula for participating schools                   37

32.......... The amount payable for a participating school.................................. 37

33.......... Base amount for schools................................................................... 37

34.......... SRS funding amounts....................................................................... 38

35.......... School’s total loading........................................................................ 39

Division 3—Working out loadings                                                                       41

Subdivision A—Loadings (except location and size loadings)                       41

36.......... Student with disability loading.......................................................... 41

37.......... Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander loading................................... 41

38.......... Low socioeconomic status student loading....................................... 42

39.......... Low English proficiency loading...................................................... 43

Subdivision B—Location loading                                                                         44

40.......... Location loading................................................................................ 44

41.......... Location percentage for certain schools............................................. 45

Subdivision C—Size loading                                                                                  46

42.......... Size loading....................................................................................... 46

43.......... Definitions—kinds of schools based on size.................................... 47

44.......... Definition— maximum size loading .................................................. 49

45.......... Definitions— primary percentage and secondary percentage ........... 50

46.......... Very small schools—size loading..................................................... 50

47.......... Very small schools—schools covered by item 3 of the table in section 46               51

48.......... Very small schools—major city schools........................................... 52

49.......... Very small schools—starting amount............................................... 52

50.......... Very small schools—ARIA student number.................................... 53

51.......... Medium-sized schools—size loading................................................ 53

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                        55

Subdivision A—Capacity to contribute percentage                                          55

52.......... Determining SES scores................................................................... 55

53.......... Determinations may be on application or on Minister’s own initiative 56

54.......... Capacity to contribute percentage...................................................... 57

Subdivision B—Miscellaneous                                                                               59

55.......... Locations of a school........................................................................ 59

56.......... Rounding amounts............................................................................ 59

Division 5—Transitional recurrent funding for participating schools 60

57.......... Application of this Division.............................................................. 60

58.......... New and old per student amounts..................................................... 60

59.......... Old per student amount for 2014 less than new per student amount for 2014          61

60.......... Limits on amount that may be determined for the purposes of section 59                62

61.......... Old per student amount for 2013, increased by 3%, more than new per student amount for 2014           63

62.......... Transitional recurrent funding for special schools and special assistance schools for 2014     64

63.......... Funding for all other participating schools........................................ 65

Part 4—Recurrent funding for non-participating schools through a national specific purpose payment                                                                                                                                       66

64.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 66

65.......... National specific purpose payments for schools in non-participating States and Territories     66

Part 5—Capital funding, special circumstances funding and funding for non-government representative bodies                                                                                                                         69

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                                69

66.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 69

Division 2—Capital funding                                                                                     70

67.......... Capital funding.................................................................................. 70

68.......... Limit on total amount available for capital funding for block grant authorities         70

Division 3—Special circumstances funding                                                     72

69.......... Special circumstances funding.......................................................... 72

Division 4—Funding for non-government representative bodies        73

70.......... Funding for non-government representative bodies.......................... 73

Part 6—Approving authorities and bodies                                                            74

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                                74

71.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 74

Division 2—Approving approved authorities                                                 75

72.......... Application for person to be approved as an approved authority...... 75

73.......... Approval of person........................................................................... 75

74.......... Approval or refusal of approval on public interest grounds.............. 76

75.......... Basic requirements for approval........................................................ 77

76.......... Approved authorities for government schools taken to satisfy basic requirements   78

77.......... Ongoing policy requirements for approved authorities..................... 79

78.......... Ongoing funding requirements for approved authorities................... 80

79.......... Limitation on approval...................................................................... 81

80.......... Variation or revocation of approval on application............................ 81

81.......... Variation or revocation of approval on Minister’s own initiative...... 81

Division 3—Approving block grant authorities                                            84

82.......... Application for person to be approved as a block grant authority..... 84

83.......... Approval of person........................................................................... 84

84.......... Basic requirements for approval........................................................ 85

85.......... Ongoing requirements for approval.................................................. 86

86.......... Limitation on approval...................................................................... 86

87.......... Variation or revocation of approval on application............................ 87

88.......... Variation or revocation of approval on Minister’s own initiative...... 87

Division 4—Approving non-government representative bodies          89

89.......... Minister may invite a person to apply to be a non-government representative body 89

90.......... Application for person to be approved as a non-government representative body    89

91.......... Approval of person........................................................................... 89

92.......... Basic requirements for approval........................................................ 90

93.......... Ongoing requirements for approval.................................................. 91

94.......... Limitation on approval...................................................................... 91

95.......... Variation or revocation of approval on application............................ 92

96.......... Variation or revocation of approval on Minister’s own initiative...... 92

Part 7—Implementation plans                                                                                      94

97.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 94

98.......... Application of this Part to approved authorities for more than one participating school           94

99.......... Approved authority must have an implementation plan..................... 94

100........ Approved authority must be able to implement implementation plan properly         95

101........ Period of implementation plan........................................................... 95

102........ Review of implementation plan......................................................... 96

103........ Keeping implementation plans up to date.......................................... 96

104........ Publication of implementation plan................................................... 96

105........ Minister may give a direction in relation to an implementation plan.. 97

106........ Requirement to consider relevant arrangements before making regulations              98

Part 8—Actions Minister may take for failure to comply with this Act, and to require amounts to be repaid                                                                                                                        99

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                                99

107........ Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 99

Division 2—Actions Minister may take for failure to comply with this Act, and to require amounts to be repaid                                                                                                       100

108........ Application of Division for failure to comply with this Act............ 100

109........ Application of Division when amounts are required to be repaid.... 100

110........ Actions the Minister may take......................................................... 102

111........ Effect of determination under paragraph 110(1)(a) or (b)............... 103

Division 3—Recoverable payments                                                                   105

112........ Recoverable payments..................................................................... 105

113........ Reports about recoverable payments............................................... 105

Part 9—Miscellaneous                                                                                                      107

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                              107

114........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 107

Division 2—Rules relating to applications                                                     108

115........ Approved form for applications...................................................... 108

116........ Request for further information....................................................... 108

117........ Withdrawal of application............................................................... 108

Division 3—Review of decisions                                                                          109

118........ Reviewable decisions...................................................................... 109

119........ Notice of decision........................................................................... 114

120........ Internal review of reviewable decisions.......................................... 115

121........ Secretary or internal reviewer may require further information from applicants       116

122........ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............................. 117

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                      118

123........ False or misleading information...................................................... 118

124........ Secretary may arrange for use of computer programs to make decisions 118

125........ Making records of, using, disclosing or publishing protected information               118

126........ Appropriation.................................................................................. 119

127........ Annual report by Minister............................................................... 119

128........ Review of, or for the purposes of, the National Education Reform Agreement        120

129........ Delegation....................................................................................... 120

130........ Regulations..................................................................................... 121

 



A Bill for an Act in relation to school education and reforms relating to school education, and for related purposes

Preamble

                   The Parliament of Australia acknowledges the following matters.

                   All students in all schools are entitled to an excellent education, allowing each student to reach his or her full potential so that he or she can succeed, achieve his or her aspirations, and contribute fully to his or her community, now and in the future.

                   The quality of a student’s education should not be limited by where the student lives, the income of his or her family, the school he or she attends, or his or her personal circumstances.

                   The quality of education should not be limited by a school’s location, particularly those schools in regional Australia.

                   It is essential that the Australian schooling system be of a high quality and be highly equitable in order for young Australians to become successful learners, confident and creative individuals, and active and informed citizens. A high quality and highly equitable Australian schooling system will also create a highly skilled, successful and inclusive workforce, strengthen the economy, and increase productivity, leading to greater prosperity for all.

                   If Australia is to be a prosperous nation with a high standard of living in the 21st century, the performance of Australia’s schools, and school students, must continuously improve, particularly as school performance in countries around the world and in Australia’s region is also improving.

                   It is also essential that Australian schooling provide school students with opportunities to engage with Australia’s region. Through this engagement, Australia can maximise economic, cultural and social opportunities during the Asian century.

                   To address these matters, future arrangements will be based on the needs of Australian schools and school students, and on evidence of how to provide an excellent education for school students. These arrangements will build on the Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians (2008), which reaffirmed the importance of national collaboration and promoting high quality schooling for all Australian students, and successful reforms to date.

                   Schools will also need to adopt the opportunities offered by digital education and new evidence-based methods of teaching and learning.

                   Strong partnerships across the broader community are necessary to support all school students, including partnerships between teachers, parents, carers and families, not-for-profit and community organisations, and employers.

                   As Australia’s schools are diverse, the Australian Government will recognise the role of the Governments of the States and Territories, non-government education authorities, parents, carers and families, not-for-profit and community organisations, other partners and schools in delivering school education, and work with them to support and lift the performance of schools and school students.

The Parliament of Australia enacts: