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Military Court of Australia Bill 2012

2010-2011-2012

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Military Court of Australia Bill 2012

 

No.      , 2012

 

(Attorney-General)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to establish the Military Court of Australia, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 3

4............ Crown to be bound............................................................................. 6

5............ Operation of Act................................................................................. 7

6............ Application of Commonwealth laws to proceedings determined outside Australia  7

7............ Geographical jurisdiction for offences................................................ 7

Part 2—Military Court of Australia                                                                            8

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                             8

8............ Guide to this Part................................................................................ 8

Division 2—Creation of the Military Court etc.                                             9

9............ Creation of Military Court etc............................................................. 9

10.......... Divisions of the Military Court........................................................... 9

Division 3—Judges and Federal Magistrates                                                 10

Subdivision A—Appointment and terms and conditions: general                10

11.......... Appointment..................................................................................... 10

12.......... Judges and Federal Magistrates may hold office of another court..... 11

13.......... Assignment to Divisions................................................................... 11

14.......... Assignment to particular locations.................................................... 11

15.......... Resignation....................................................................................... 12

16.......... Removal from office......................................................................... 12

17.......... Style.................................................................................................. 12

18.......... Seniority............................................................................................ 12

19.......... Acting Chief Justice.......................................................................... 12

20.......... Remuneration etc............................................................................... 13

21.......... Oath or affirmation of allegiance and office...................................... 14

Subdivision B—Other terms and conditions of Federal Magistrates          15

22.......... Other terms and conditions of Federal Magistrates........................... 15

23.......... Outside work.................................................................................... 15

24.......... Leave................................................................................................. 15

25.......... Other terms and conditions............................................................... 15

26.......... Disability and death benefits............................................................. 16

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                               17

27.......... Certain references in other laws to Judge of a superior court etc. not to include Federal Magistrate        17

Part 3—Management of the Military Court                                                         18

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           18

28.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 18

Division 2—Management responsibilities of Chief Justice etc.             19

29.......... Management of the administrative affairs of the Military Court........ 19

30.......... Arrangements with other courts........................................................ 19

31.......... Arrangements with agencies and organisations................................. 20

32.......... Arrangements with the Chief of the Defence Force.......................... 21

33.......... Arrangements for sharing courtrooms and other facilities................. 23

34.......... Delegation of administrative powers of Chief Justice....................... 23

Division 3—Registries                                                                                                 24

35.......... Establishment of registries................................................................ 24

Division 4—Registrar                                                                                                  25

36.......... Functions and powers....................................................................... 25

37.......... Delegation of powers to Registrars................................................... 25

Division 5—Other officers and staff of the Military Court etc.           28

38.......... Officers of the Military Court........................................................... 28

39.......... Functions of officers other than the Registrar................................... 28

40.......... Deputy Registrars............................................................................. 29

41.......... Functions of the Sheriff and Deputy Sheriffs................................... 29

42.......... Actions by or against the Sheriff or a Deputy Sheriff....................... 30

43.......... Staff of the Military Court etc........................................................... 30

44.......... Engagement of consultants etc.......................................................... 31

Division 6—Miscellaneous administrative matters                                     32

45.......... Seal of the Military Court.................................................................. 32

46.......... Writs................................................................................................. 32

47.......... Annual report.................................................................................... 33

48.......... Proceedings arising out of administration of Military Court............. 33

49.......... Oath or affirmation of office............................................................. 33

Part 4—Jurisdiction of the Military Court: general                                        35

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           35

50.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 35

Division 2—Arrangement of business of the Military Court etc.        36

51.......... Place of sitting................................................................................... 36

52.......... Manner in which Military Court may be constituted......................... 37

53.......... Arrangement of the business of the Military Court........................... 38

54.......... Exercise of powers of Military Court in Divisions........................... 39

55.......... Military Court divided in opinion...................................................... 40

56.......... Exercise of jurisdiction in open court and in Chambers.................... 40

Division 3—Other matters                                                                                       42

57.......... Making of orders and issuing of writs.............................................. 42

58.......... Costs not to be awarded.................................................................... 42

59.......... Powers of Military Court extend within and outside Australia......... 42

60.......... Prerogative of mercy unaffected........................................................ 42

61.......... Contempt of court............................................................................. 42

Part 5—Original jurisdiction of the Military Court                                         43

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           43

62.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 43

Division 2—Original jurisdiction                                                                          44

63.......... Original jurisdiction of the Military Court......................................... 44

64.......... Charges of service offences not to be dealt with on indictment......... 44

65.......... Exercise of original jurisdiction......................................................... 44

66.......... Referral of proceedings from one Division to the other Division...... 46

Division 3—Instituting proceedings etc.                                                            48

67.......... Instituting proceedings in the Military Court..................................... 48

68.......... Condonation of service offence not to prevent institution of proceeding  48

69.......... Charge sheet may include charge of alternative offence.................... 48

70.......... Single charge sheet can cover multiple accused persons................... 48

71.......... Separating one or more accused persons from a single charge.......... 48

72.......... Single charge sheet can include multiple charges.............................. 49

73.......... Separating one or more charges from a single charge sheet.............. 49

74.......... Amending charges............................................................................ 50

Division 4—Pre-trial matters                                                                                  52

75.......... Pre-trial hearings............................................................................... 52

76.......... Pre-trial and ongoing disclosure........................................................ 53

77.......... Disclosure of case for the prosecution.............................................. 53

78.......... Copies of things need not be provided if impracticable etc................ 55

79.......... Personal details need not be provided............................................... 55

80.......... Things need not be disclosed to a party more than once.................... 56

81.......... Consequences of disclosure requirements......................................... 57

82.......... Restricting further disclosure of disclosed material........................... 57

83.......... Restricting admissibility of disclosed material as evidence in other proceedings      58

84.......... Objecting to charges.......................................................................... 59

Division 5—Matters relating to pleas, the trial and verdicts                 61

85.......... Practice and procedure applicable to the trial..................................... 61

86.......... Entering pleas.................................................................................... 61

87.......... Pleading to some charges in satisfaction of other charges................. 61

88.......... Pleading to different service offences capable of being supported by charge included in charge sheet     62

89.......... Changing pleas.................................................................................. 62

90.......... Military Court’s verdict if no case to answer.................................... 63

91.......... Consequences of guilty pleas and guilty verdicts.............................. 63

92.......... Consequences of not guilty verdicts.................................................. 65

Part 6—Appellate jurisdiction of the Military Court                                      66

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           66

93.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 66

Division 2—Bringing appeals                                                                                  67

94.......... Allowable appeals............................................................................. 67

95.......... Leave to appeal.................................................................................. 67

96.......... Who may appeal................................................................................ 67

97.......... Time for appealing............................................................................ 68

98.......... Exercise of appellate jurisdiction....................................................... 69

99.......... Stay of proceedings and suspension of orders.................................. 70

100........ Right to attend................................................................................... 70

101........ Practice and procedure applicable to appeal....................................... 71

102........ Evidence on appeal............................................................................ 71

103........ Prison sentence does not include time on bail................................... 72

Division 3—Powers of Military Court on appeal                                         73

104........ Military Court may give such judgement as is appropriate................ 73

105........ When to allow appeals...................................................................... 73

106........ Allowing appeals against convictions............................................... 74

107........ Allowing appeals against sentences.................................................. 74

108........ Allowing appeals against bail, bail forfeiture or interlocutory judgements and decisions (including about custody).......................................................................................................... 74

109........ Costs................................................................................................. 75

110........ New trials.......................................................................................... 76

Division 4—Other matters                                                                                       77

111........ Cases stated and questions reserved.................................................. 77

112........ Questions referred after trial.............................................................. 77

Part 7—Appeals to the High Court                                                                            78

113........ Appeals to the High Court................................................................ 78

Part 8—Custody and bail                                                                                                 80

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           80

114........ Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 80

Division 2—Custodial matters                                                                                81

115........ Arrangements for accused person if proceeding adjourned............... 81

Division 3—Granting bail                                                                                         82

116........ Applying for bail............................................................................... 82

117........ Granting bail..................................................................................... 82

118........ Bail may be granted subject to conditions......................................... 82

119........ Bail to be stayed pending appeal....................................................... 83

120........ Bail undertakings etc......................................................................... 84

121........ Effect of granting bail........................................................................ 85

122........ Seeking discharge from undertaking to give security........................ 85

123........ Dealings with property given as security for bail.............................. 85

Division 4—Reconsidering bail orders                                                               87

124........ Reconsidering bail—discharge of security or accused person fails to comply with bail undertaking       87

125........ Reconsidering bail—change in circumstances................................... 87

126........ Consequences if bail is varied or revoked......................................... 88

Division 5—Further consequences if accused person fails to appear in accordance with bail undertaking                                                                                                                       89

127........ Offence for failing to appear before the Military Court..................... 89

128........ Notice of proposed forfeiture............................................................ 89

129........ Ordering forfeiture............................................................................ 90

130........ When forfeiture orders take effect..................................................... 91

131........ Effect of forfeiture orders.................................................................. 91

Division 6—When bail ends                                                                                      94

132........ Continuing bail orders....................................................................... 94

133........ Bail discharged if the Military Court discharges the accused............ 94

134........ Continuing security undertakings when bail ends............................. 94

135........ Returning security when bail ends.................................................... 95

Division 7—Other matters                                                                                       96

136........ Admissibility of certain matters......................................................... 96

137........ Indemnifying a person providing security......................................... 97

Part 9—Sentences and orders                                                                                       98

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           98

138........ Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 98

Division 2—Sentencing principles                                                                         99

139........ Sentencing principles........................................................................ 99

Division 3—Punishments                                                                                         100

140........ Kinds of punishments that may be imposed.................................... 100

141........ Restrictions on power to impose punishments................................ 101

142........ Imposition of fines.......................................................................... 103

143........ Concurrent or cumulative punishments........................................... 103

144........ Taking other offences into consideration......................................... 105

145........ Commencement of sentences and non-parole periods..................... 106

Division 4—Suspension of punishments                                                           108

146........ Suspension of detention.................................................................. 108

147........ Suspension of fines......................................................................... 108

148........ Revocation of suspension of punishment........................................ 108

Division 5—Remission of punishments                                                            110

149........ Remission of suspended punishment.............................................. 110

150........ Remission of punishment of detention on imprisonment................ 110

Division 6—Restitution orders and reparation orders                            112

151........ Restitution orders............................................................................ 112

152........ Reparation orders............................................................................ 113

Part 10—Persons found unfit to be tried and persons acquitted because of mental impairment             115

153........ Persons found unfit to be tried........................................................ 115

154........ Persons acquitted because of mental impairment at time of conduct constituting service offence             116

Part 11—Practice and procedure                                                                              118

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         118

155........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 118

Division 2—General                                                                                                   119

156........ Practice and procedure to be in accordance with Military Court Rules 119

157........ Record of proceedings.................................................................... 119

158........ Access to record of proceedings..................................................... 120

Division 3—Conduct of proceedings                                                                 122

159........ Accused person to be present at hearing......................................... 122

160........ Change of venue............................................................................. 122

161........ Formal defects not to invalidate....................................................... 122

Division 4—Evidence                                                                                                 123

162........ Application of Evidence (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1991 of the Australian Capital Territory          123

163........ Evidence to be given orally............................................................. 123

164........ Orders and commissions for examination of witnesses.................. 123

165........ Oaths and affirmations.................................................................... 124

166........ Swearing of affidavits etc................................................................ 124

167........ Protecting witnesses etc.................................................................. 125

168........ Prohibition or restriction on publication of evidence etc.................. 126

169........ Offences by witness........................................................................ 126

Division 5—Use of video links or audio links                                               128

170........ Testimony by video link or audio link............................................. 128

171........ Appearances or submissions of persons by video link or audio link 128

172........ Conditions for use of video links and audio links........................... 129

173........ Putting documents to a person by video link or audio link.............. 131

174........ Administration of oaths and affirmations........................................ 132

175........ New Zealand matters....................................................................... 132

Division 6—Orders and judgements                                                                 133

176........ Orders............................................................................................. 133

177........ Reserved judgements...................................................................... 133

178........ Recovery of amounts due under order of Military Court................ 133

Division 7—Military Court Rules                                                                       135

179........ Military Court Rules....................................................................... 135

180........ Requirements relating to the making of Military Court Rules......... 136

Part 12—Miscellaneous                                                                                                   137

181........ Certain provisions of the Crimes Act 1914 do not apply or apply with modifications              137

182........ Regulations..................................................................................... 137

Schedule 1—Service offences to be dealt with by the Appellate and Superior Division                                                                                                                        138

 



A Bill for an Act to establish the Military Court of Australia, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:



Schedule 1 Service offences to be dealt with by the Appellate and Superior Division

Note:       See subsection 65(5).

   

 

I tem

Provision of the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982

Subject matter

1

Subsection 15(1)

Abandoning or surrendering a post etc.

2

Subsection 15A(1)

Causing the capture or destruction of a service ship etc.

3

Subsection 15B(1)

Aiding the enemy while captured

4

Subsection 15C(1)

Providing the enemy with material assistance

5

Subsection 15D(1)

Harbouring enemies

6

Subsection 15E(1)

Offences relating to signals and messages

7

Subsection 15F(1)

Failing to carry out orders

8

Subsection 15G(1)

Imperilling the success of operations

9

Subsection 16(1)

Communicating with the enemy

10

Subsection 16A(1)

Failing to report information received from the enemy

11

Subsection 16B(1)

Offence committed with intent to assist the enemy

12

Subsection 20(1)

Mutiny

13

Subsection 20(2)

Mutiny in connection with service against enemy

14

Subsection 21(2)

Failing to suppress mutiny in connection with service against enemy

15

Subsection 22(1)

Desertion

16

Subsection 22(2)

Desertion

17

Subsection 36(1)

Dangerous conduct

18

Subsection 59(1)

Selling etc. prohibited drugs outside Australia

19

Subsection 61(1) if:

(a) the Territory offence concerned is an offence referred to in subparagraph 63(1)(a)(i), (ia), (ii) or (iii) or paragraph 63(1)(b) of the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 ; or

(b) the fixed or maximum punishment for the Territory offence concerned is imprisonment for 10 years or more

Engaging in conduct in the Jervis Bay Territory that is a Territory offence

20

Subsection 61(2) if:

(a) the Territory offence concerned is an offence referred to in subparagraph 63(1)(a)(i), (ia), (ii) or (iii) or paragraph 63(1)(b) of the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 ; or

(b) the fixed or maximum punishment for the Territory offence concerned is imprisonment for 10 years or more

Engaging in conduct in a public place outside the Jervis Bay Territory that is a Territory offence

21

Subsection 61(3) if:

(a) the Territory offence concerned is an offence referred to in subparagraph 63(1)(a)(i), (ia), (ii) or (iii) or paragraph 63(1)(b) of the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 ; or

(b) the fixed or maximum punishment for the Territory offence concerned is imprisonment for 10 years or more

Engaging in conduct outside the Jervis Bay Territory that is a Territory offence

22

Subsection 62(1) if:

(a) the relevant service offence referred to in subsection 62(1) is based on a Territory offence referred to in subparagraph 63(1)(a)(i), (ia), (ii) or (iii) or paragraph 63(1)(b) of the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 ; or

(b) the fixed or maximum punishment for the relevant service offence referred to in subsection 62(1) is imprisonment for 10 years or more

Commanding or ordering service offence to be committed