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Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards Bill 2012

2010-2011-2012

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards Bill 2012

 

No.      , 2012

 

(Climate Change and Energy Efficiency)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to promote the development and adoption of products that use less energy and produce fewer greenhouse gases, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

Division 2—Guide to this Act                                                                                    3

3............ Guide to this Act................................................................................. 3

Division 3—Objects of this Act                                                                                6

4............ Objects of this Act.............................................................................. 6

Division 4—The Dictionary and other interpretive provisions               7

5............ The Dictionary.................................................................................... 7

6............ Contravening offence and civil penalty provisions............................ 12

Division 5—Application of this Act                                                                      14

7............ Act binds Crown............................................................................... 14

8............ Extension to external Territories........................................................ 14

9............ Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws.............................. 14

Part 2—Key concepts                                                                                                          16

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                                16

10.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 16

Division 2—Key concepts                                                                                          17

11.......... GEMS products, GEMS determinations and product classes........... 17

12.......... Models of GEMS products to be registered in relation to product classes               18

13.......... Models to be registered against GEMS determinations..................... 19

14.......... Supplying and offering to supply GEMS products........................... 19

Part 3—Requirements for suppliers and commercial users of GEMS products                 21

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                                21

15.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 21

Division 2—Supplying GEMS products                                                             23

16.......... Supplying GEMS products—complying with GEMS determinations 23

17.......... Supplying GEMS products—model not registered........................... 25

Division 3—Using GEMS products for commercial purposes              28

18.......... Using GEMS products for commercial purposes—complying with GEMS determinations    28

19.......... Using GEMS products for commercial purposes—model not registered 30

20.......... Exempt uses of GEMS products....................................................... 32

Division 4—General provisions relating to supply and use of GEMS products                 33

21.......... Constitutional limitation.................................................................... 33

Part 4—GEMS determinations                                                                                     36

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                                36

22.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 36

Division 2—Making GEMS determinations                                                    38

23.......... Minister may make GEMS determinations....................................... 38

24.......... GEMS requirements—general.......................................................... 38

25.......... GEMS requirements—GEMS level requirements............................ 38

26.......... GEMS requirements—GEMS labelling requirements...................... 39

27.......... GEMS requirements—other requirements........................................ 40

28.......... GEMS determinations—families of models...................................... 41

29.......... GEMS determinations—category A and category B products.......... 41

30.......... GEMS determinations—models exempt from registration................ 41

31.......... GEMS determinations—limited grandfathering period..................... 41

32.......... GEMS determinations—not to give preference................................. 42

33.......... GEMS determinations—consent of participating jurisdictions.......... 42

34.......... GEMS determinations—when a GEMS determination comes into force 43

Division 3—Replacing GEMS determinations                                               44

35.......... Replacing GEMS determinations...................................................... 44

36.......... Whether registrations affected by replacement determination............ 45

Division 4—Exempting models from requirements of GEMS determinations 46

37.......... Exempting models from requirements of GEMS determinations...... 46

Part 5—Registering models of GEMS products                                                48

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                                48

38.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 48

Division 2—GEMS Register                                                                                    49

39.......... Establishment of GEMS Register..................................................... 49

40.......... Information to be entered in GEMS Register.................................... 49

Division 3—Registering models of GEMS products                                   51

41.......... Registration on application................................................................ 51

42.......... Application requirements—contact persons and contact details........ 51

43.......... Registration by the GEMS Regulator................................................ 52

44.......... Relevant GEMS determination with which model must comply....... 53

45.......... Conditions......................................................................................... 54

Division 4—Varying registrations                                                                        55

46.......... Varying registration to cover additional models................................ 55

47.......... Varying registration to change registrant........................................... 55

Division 5—When is a registration in force                                                    57

48.......... When is a registration in force........................................................... 57

Division 6—Suspending and cancelling registrations                                 59

Subdivision A—Suspending registrations                                                           59

49.......... Suspending a model’s registration.................................................... 59

50.......... Effect of suspension.......................................................................... 60

51.......... When is a suspension in force........................................................... 60

52.......... Conditions on suspension................................................................. 60

53.......... GEMS Regulator may vary suspension notice.................................. 60

Subdivision B—Cancelling registrations                                                            61

54.......... Cancelling a model’s registration...................................................... 61

Division 7—Requirements for registrants                                                       63

Subdivision A—Notifying GEMS Regulator of changes                                 63

55.......... Requirement for registrant to notify GEMS Regulator of changes.... 63

Subdivision B—Giving information relating to import, manufacture etc. of products                64

56.......... Requirement for registrant to give information relating to import, manufacture etc. of products              64

Subdivision C—Giving product of registered model to GEMS Regulator 65

57.......... Requirement for registrant to give product—determining whether model complies with GEMS determination       65

58.......... Requirement for registrant to give product—retention and return of product           66

59.......... Requirement for registrant to give product—issuing officer may permit product to be retained               67

60.......... Requirement for registrant to give product—disposal of product...... 68

Subdivision D—Testing products or cancelling registration                         69

61.......... Requirement for registrant—testing products or cancelling registration 69

Subdivision E—Notifying other persons of suspension or cancellation of registration                70

62.......... Requirement for registrant to notify other persons of suspension or cancellation of registration              70

Division 8—Miscellaneous                                                                                        71

63.......... Requirements for determining whether model complies with GEMS determination                71

64.......... Applications—basic requirements..................................................... 71

65.......... Applications—GEMS Regulator may request further information... 73

66.......... Grounds for refusing an application.................................................. 73

67.......... Notice of decisions............................................................................ 74

68.......... Notice given to contact person taken to be given to applicant or registrant               75

Part 6—The GEMS Regulator                                                                                     76

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                                76

69.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 76

Division 2—Who is the GEMS Regulator                                                        77

70.......... The GEMS Regulator....................................................................... 77

Division 3—Functions of GEMS Regulator under this Act                     78

71.......... Functions of the GEMS Regulator under this Act............................ 78

Division 4—Conferral of functions etc. on GEMS Regulator by State and Territory laws        79

72.......... Commonwealth consent to conferral of functions etc. on GEMS Regulator by State and Territory laws 79

73.......... How duty is imposed on GEMS Regulator by State and Territory laws  79

74.......... When State and Territory laws impose a duty on GEMS Regulator. 80

Division 5—General provisions relating to GEMS Regulator              81

75.......... Powers of the GEMS Regulator....................................................... 81

76.......... GEMS Regulator has privileges and immunities of the Crown......... 81

77.......... GEMS Regulator may charge for services........................................ 81

78.......... Arrangements with other agencies.................................................... 81

79.......... Consultants....................................................................................... 81

80.......... Delegation......................................................................................... 82

Part 7—Monitoring and investigation                                                                      83

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                                83

81.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 83

Division 2—GEMS inspectors                                                                                 85

82.......... Appointment of GEMS inspectors.................................................... 85

83.......... GEMS Regulator is an inspector....................................................... 85

84.......... Identity cards..................................................................................... 85

85.......... Offence for not returning identity card.............................................. 86

Division 3—Inspecting public areas of GEMS business premises       87

86.......... Inspection powers in public areas of GEMS business premises....... 87

Division 4—Monitoring                                                                                              88

Subdivision A—Monitoring powers                                                                     88

87.......... GEMS inspector may enter premises by consent or under a warrant 88

88.......... Monitoring powers of GEMS inspectors.......................................... 88

89.......... Operating electronic equipment......................................................... 89

90.......... Accessing information held on certain premises—notification to occupier               90

91.......... Expert assistance to operate electronic equipment............................. 91

92.......... Securing evidence of the contravention of a related provision........... 92

Subdivision B—Persons assisting GEMS inspectors                                        93

93.......... Persons assisting GEMS inspectors................................................. 93

Subdivision C—Monitoring warrants                                                                  94

94.......... Monitoring warrants......................................................................... 94

Division 5—Investigation                                                                                          96

Subdivision A—Investigation powers                                                                  96

95.......... GEMS inspector may enter premises by consent or under a warrant 96

96.......... Investigation powers of GEMS inspectors....................................... 96

97.......... Operating electronic equipment......................................................... 97

98.......... Accessing evidential material held on certain premises—notification to occupier     98

99.......... Expert assistance to operate electronic equipment............................. 99

100........ Seizing evidence of contravention of related provision................... 100

Subdivision B—Persons assisting GEMS inspectors                                      101

101........ Persons assisting GEMS inspectors............................................... 101

Subdivision C—General provisions relating to seizure                                102

102........ Copies of seized things to be provided............................................ 102

103........ Receipts for seized things................................................................ 102

104........ Return of seized things.................................................................... 103

105........ Issuing officer may permit a thing to be retained............................. 104

106........ Disposal of things........................................................................... 104

Subdivision D—Investigation warrants                                                             105

107........ Investigation warrants..................................................................... 105

108........ Investigation warrants by telephone, fax etc.................................... 106

109........ Authority of warrant....................................................................... 108

110........ Offence relating to warrants by telephone, fax etc........................... 108

111........ Completing execution of an investigation warrant after temporary cessation            109

112........ Completing execution of warrant stopped by court order................ 110

Division 6—General provisions relating to monitoring and investigation            111

Subdivision A—Obligations of GEMS inspectors in entering premises    111

113........ Consent........................................................................................... 111

114........ Announcement before entry under warrant..................................... 111

115........ GEMS inspector to be in possession of warrant............................. 112

116........ Details of warrant etc. to be given to occupier................................. 112

Subdivision B—Other powers of GEMS inspectors                                       113

117........ Use of force in executing a warrant................................................. 113

118........ GEMS inspector may ask questions and seek production of documents  113

Subdivision C—Occupier’s rights and responsibilities on entry                 115

119........ Occupier entitled to observe execution of warrant........................... 115

120........ Occupier to provide GEMS inspector with facilities and assistance 115

Subdivision D—General provisions                                                                   115

121........ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......................... 115

Division 7—Giving GEMS information to GEMS inspectors              117

122........ Meaning of person who has GEMS information ............................ 117

123........ GEMS Regulator may require a person to provide information...... 117

124........ GEMS Regulator may require a person to appear before a GEMS inspector           118

Division 8—Testing compliance of GEMS products                                 120

125........ Authorising persons to test GEMS products.................................. 120

126........ Testing GEMS products etc............................................................ 120

Division 9—Issuing officers                                                                                    122

127........ Powers of issuing officers.............................................................. 122

Part 8—Enforcement                                                                                                        123

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                              123

128........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 123

Division 2—Civil penalties                                                                                      124

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                124

129........ Civil penalty provisions ................................................................... 124

Subdivision B—Obtaining a civil penalty order                                             124

130........ Civil penalty orders......................................................................... 124

131........ Civil enforcement of penalty........................................................... 125

132........ Conduct contravening more than one civil penalty provision.......... 125

133........ Multiple contraventions................................................................... 126

134........ Proceedings may be heard together................................................. 126

135........ Civil evidence and procedure rules for civil penalty orders............. 126

136........ Contravening a civil penalty provision is not an offence................. 126

Subdivision C—Civil proceedings and criminal proceedings                     126

137........ Civil proceedings after criminal proceedings................................... 126

138........ Criminal proceedings during civil proceedings............................... 127

139........ Criminal proceedings after civil proceedings................................... 127

140........ Evidence given in civil proceedings not admissible in criminal proceedings            127

Subdivision D—Miscellaneous                                                                             128

141........ Ancillary contravention of civil penalty provisions......................... 128

142........ Continuing contraventions of civil penalty provisions.................... 128

143........ Mistake of fact................................................................................ 129

144........ State of mind................................................................................... 129

Division 3—Infringement notices                                                                        131

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                131

145........ Enforceable provisions................................................................... 131

Subdivision B—Infringement notices                                                                131

146........ When an infringement notice may be given..................................... 131

147........ Matters to be included in an infringement notice............................. 131

148........ Extension of time to pay amount..................................................... 133

149........ Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................................. 134

150........ Effect of payment of amount........................................................... 135

151........ Effect of this Division..................................................................... 135

152........ Further provision by regulation....................................................... 136

Division 4—Enforceable undertakings                                                            137

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                137

153........ Enforceable provisions................................................................... 137

Subdivision B—Accepting and enforcing undertakings                                137

154........ Acceptance of undertakings............................................................ 137

155........ Enforcement of undertakings.......................................................... 138

Division 5—Injunctions                                                                                            139

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                139

156........ Enforceable provisions................................................................... 139

Subdivision B—Injunctions                                                                                  139

157........ Grant of injunctions........................................................................ 139

158........ Interim injunctions.......................................................................... 140

159........ Discharging or varying injunctions................................................. 140

160........ Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply.......................... 140

161........ Other powers of a relevant court unaffected.................................... 141

Division 6—Publicising offences, contraventions and adverse decisions               142

162........ GEMS Regulator may publicise certain offences, contraventions and adverse decisions         142

Part 9—Reviewing decisions                                                                                        144

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                              144

163........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 144

Division 2—Reviewing decisions                                                                         145

164........ Persons affected by reviewable decisions....................................... 145

165........ Notification of decisions and review rights..................................... 146

166........ Internal review................................................................................ 146

167........ Review of decisions by Administrative Appeals Tribunal.............. 147

Part 10—Protecting information                                                                               148

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                              148

168........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 148

Division 2—Protecting information                                                                   149

169........ Offence—Disclosing commercially sensitive information.............. 149

170........ Authorised disclosures.................................................................... 149

171........ Disclosing commercially sensitive information to courts and tribunals etc.              151

Part 11—Miscellaneous                                                                                                   152

Division 1—Guide to this Part                                                                              152

172........ Guide to this Part............................................................................ 152

Division 2—Miscellaneous                                                                                      153

173........ Recovery of fees............................................................................. 153

174........ Compensation for acquisition of property....................................... 153

175........ Annual report.................................................................................. 153

176........ Review of operation of this Act...................................................... 154

177........ Regulations..................................................................................... 154

 



A Bill for an Act to promote the development and adoption of products that use less energy and produce fewer greenhouse gases, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts: