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Maritime Powers Bill 2012

2010-2011-2012-2013

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

As passed by both Houses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maritime Powers Bill 2013

 

No.      , 2013

 

 

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to provide for the administration and enforcement of Australian laws in maritime areas, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                             1

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Act binds the Crown........................................................................... 2

4............ Application of Act............................................................................... 2

5............ Effect on executive power................................................................... 3

6............ Relationship to other laws................................................................... 3

Division 2—Guide to this Act                                                                                    4

7............ Guide to this Act................................................................................. 4

Division 3—Definitions                                                                                                 5

8............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 5

9............ Involved in a contravention................................................................ 12

10.......... Actionable contraventions —aircraft.................................................. 13

11.......... Continuous exercise of powers ......................................................... 13

Division 4—International agreements and decisions                                 14

12.......... When international agreements and decisions apply.......................... 14

13.......... Treating foreign vessels as Australian vessels.................................. 14

14.......... Applying Australian law in other places........................................... 14

Part 2—Exercising powers                                                                                              16

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           16

15.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 16

Division 2—Authorising the exercise of maritime powers                      17

16.......... Authorising officers.......................................................................... 17

17.......... Contraventions.................................................................................. 18

18.......... Monitoring laws................................................................................ 18

19.......... International agreements and decisions............................................. 18

20.......... Evidential material and warrants........................................................ 19

21.......... Identifying vessels and aircraft.......................................................... 19

22.......... Seizable transit goods—aircraft......................................................... 20

Division 3—Authorisations and approvals                                                      21

23.......... When authorisations are in force....................................................... 21

24.......... When approvals lapse....................................................................... 21

25.......... Form of authorisations and approvals............................................... 21

26.......... Further authorisations and approvals................................................ 22

Division 4—Exercising powers                                                                               23

Subdivision A—Effect of Division                                                                        23

27.......... Effect of Division.............................................................................. 23

Subdivision B—Exercising powers without authorisation                             23

28.......... Identifying aircraft............................................................................. 23

29.......... Ensuring safety................................................................................. 23

Subdivision C—Exercising powers with authorisation                                   23

30.......... Authorisation required...................................................................... 23

31.......... Exercising powers for authorised purpose........................................ 23

32.......... Exercising powers for other purposes............................................... 24

33.......... Additional powers and limitations under international agreements and decisions     25

Subdivision D—Scope of power                                                                             26

34.......... Scope of power—vessels, installations, aircraft and protected land areas 26

35.......... Warrants not required........................................................................ 26

36.......... Enforcing warrants............................................................................ 26

Subdivision E—Using force and assistance                                                        27

37.......... Using force....................................................................................... 27

38.......... Requesting assistance........................................................................ 27

39.......... Requiring assistance.......................................................................... 28

Division 5—Geographical limits                                                                            29

Subdivision A—Exercising powers in other countries                                     29

40.......... Exercising powers in other countries................................................ 29

Subdivision B—Exercising powers between countries                                    29

41.......... Foreign vessels between countries.................................................... 29

42.......... Meaning of chased without interruption ........................................... 31

43.......... Foreign installations between countries............................................. 31

44.......... Foreign aircraft between countries.................................................... 32

Subdivision C—Exercising powers in Australia                                               32

45.......... Foreign vessels in Australia—evidence and warrants authorisations 32

46.......... Vessels, installations and isolated persons in States and internal Territories            33

47.......... Aircraft in States and internal Territories........................................... 33

Subdivision D—Requests and agreements of other countries                        34

48.......... Manner and form of requests and agreements................................... 34

49.......... Scope of powers under requests and agreements.............................. 34

Part 3—Maritime powers                                                                                                 36

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           36

50.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 36

51.......... Effect of Part..................................................................................... 36

Division 2—Boarding                                                                                                  37

52.......... Boarding vessels, installations and aircraft........................................ 37

53.......... Requirement to facilitate boarding..................................................... 37

54.......... Additional powers—vessels............................................................. 38

55.......... Additional powers—aircraft.............................................................. 39

Division 3—Entering on land                                                                                  41

56.......... Entering on land................................................................................ 41

Division 4—Obtaining information                                                                      42

57.......... Requiring answers, records and documents...................................... 42

58.......... Obtaining readings............................................................................ 42

Division 5—Searching                                                                                                 43

59.......... Searching places................................................................................ 43

60.......... Lifting persons or things from the sea............................................... 43

61.......... Searching persons............................................................................. 43

62.......... Conducting frisk searches................................................................. 44

Division 6—Things found or produced                                                              45

63.......... Examining things.............................................................................. 45

64.......... Securing and marking things............................................................. 46

65.......... Copying records or documents......................................................... 47

66.......... Securing weapons............................................................................. 47

67.......... Seizing things.................................................................................... 48

68.......... Retaining things................................................................................ 48

Division 7—Detaining vessels, aircraft and other conveyances           49

69.......... Vessels and aircraft........................................................................... 49

70.......... Other conveyances............................................................................ 49

Division 8—Placing and moving persons                                                          50

71.......... Placing persons................................................................................. 50

72.......... Persons on detained vessels and aircraft........................................... 50

73.......... Using detention provisions............................................................... 51

74.......... Safety of persons.............................................................................. 51

75.......... Restraint is not arrest......................................................................... 51

Division 9—Arrest                                                                                                        52

76.......... Arrest for indictable offences............................................................ 52

77.......... Enforcing arrest warrants.................................................................. 52

Division 10—Requiring conduct to cease                                                         53

78.......... Requiring conduct to cease................................................................ 53

Part 4—Dealing with things taken                                                                              54

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           54

79.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 54

Division 2—Notice of seizure, retention or detention                                56

80.......... Notice of seizure, retention or detention............................................ 56

81.......... Information about the return of things............................................... 56

82.......... Notice of Commonwealth ownership................................................ 57

Division 3—Using seized things                                                                              58

83.......... Using seized things........................................................................... 58

84.......... Using seized things—State and Territory officers............................. 58

85.......... Operating electronic equipment......................................................... 58

Division 4—Returning things                                                                                  60

86.......... Returning seized things..................................................................... 60

87.......... Returning retained and detained things.............................................. 60

88.......... Magistrate may extend holding period.............................................. 61

89.......... Returning things if notice of Commonwealth ownership given........ 61

90.......... Seizing under other Australian laws.................................................. 62

Division 5—Disposing of things                                                                              63

91.......... Reasons for disposal......................................................................... 63

92.......... Methods of disposal.......................................................................... 64

93.......... Notice of disposal............................................................................. 64

Part 5—Dealing with persons held                                                                             65

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           65

94.......... Guide to this Part.............................................................................. 65

95.......... Treatment of persons held................................................................. 65

96.......... Doing things as soon as practicable.................................................. 66

Division 2—Persons detained                                                                                  67

97.......... Persons on, or from, detained vessels or aircraft taken to other places 67

98.......... Persons detained under detention provisions.................................... 67

Division 3—Persons arrested                                                                                  68

99.......... Application of this Division.............................................................. 68

100........ Person to be informed of reason for arrest........................................ 68

101........ Person to be brought before magistrate............................................. 68

102........ Enforcing arrest warrants.................................................................. 69

Part 6—Failing to comply with requirements                                                      70

103........ Offence............................................................................................. 70

Part 7—Miscellaneous                                                                                                        71

Division 1—Maritime officers                                                                                71

104........ Maritime officers............................................................................... 71

105........ Carrying and using arms................................................................... 71

106........ Identity cards..................................................................................... 72

107........ Protection from suit........................................................................... 72

Division 2—Evidentiary certificates                                                                    73

108........ Evidence of international agreements and decisions.......................... 73

109........ Evidence of approvals....................................................................... 73

110........ Evidence of requests and agreements—geographical limits on exercise of powers  73

111........ Certificates are prima facie evidence.................................................. 73

Division 3—Recovery of costs                                                                                74

112........ Chase costs....................................................................................... 74

113........ Seizure costs..................................................................................... 74

114........ Liability to pay costs is a debt to the Commonwealth........................ 75

Division 4—Gathering and sharing information                                          76

115........ Copying records or documents for other purposes........................... 76

116........ Sharing information.......................................................................... 76

Division 5—Compensation for acquisition of property                            78

117........ Compensation for acquisition of property......................................... 78

118........ Compensation for damage to documents........................................... 78

119........ Compensation for damage to equipment........................................... 78

120........ Amount of compensation—proceedings........................................... 79

Division 6—Delegation and regulations                                                            80

121........ Delegation......................................................................................... 80

122........ Regulations....................................................................................... 80

 



A Bill for an Act to provide for the administration and enforcement of Australian laws in maritime areas, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts: