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Previous Fragment    
Marine Safety (Domestic Commercial Vessel) National Law Bill 2012

Part 8 General matters

Division 1 Review of decisions

139   Reviewable decisions

                   The following decisions by the National Regulator are reviewable decisions :

                     (a)  to refuse to issue a certificate under the following:

                              (i)  section 38(1);

                             (ii)  section 48(1);

                            (iii)  section 60(1);

                     (b)  to refuse to issue a unique identifier under section 31(1);

                     (c)  to impose a condition on a certificate under the following:

                              (i)  section 38(3)(b);

                             (ii)  section 48(4)(b);

                            (iii)  section 60(3)(b);

                     (d)  to refuse to vary a certificate under the following:

                              (i)  section 40(1);

                             (ii)  section 50(1);

                            (iii)  section 62(1);

                     (e)  to vary a certificate under the following:

                              (i)  section 40(2);

                             (ii)  section 50(2);

                            (iii)  section 62(2);

                      (f)  to refuse to suspend a certificate under the following:

                              (i)  section 41(1);

                             (ii)  section 51(1);

                            (iii)  section 63(1);

                     (g)  to suspend a certificate under the following:

                              (i)  section 41(2);

                             (ii)  section 51(2);

                            (iii)  section 63(2);

                     (h)  to refuse to revoke a certificate under the following:

                              (i)  section 42(1);

                             (ii)  section 52(1);

                            (iii)  section 64(1);

                      (i)  to revoke a certificate under the following:

                              (i)  section 42(2);

                             (ii)  section 52(2);

                            (iii)  section 64(2);

                      (j)  to refuse to recognise a certificate under section 73(1);

                     (k)  to specify a condition under section 73(3);

                      (l)  to give a direction under section 109(1);

                    (m)  to issue a provisional improvement notice under section 110(1);

                     (n)  to issue prohibition notice under section 111(1);

                     (o)  to detain a vessel under section 101(1);

                     (p)  to refuse to grant an exemption under section 143, other than an exemption granted on the initiative of the National Regulator;

                     (q)  to impose a condition on an exemption under section 143, other than an exemption granted on the initiative of the National Regulator.

140   Internal review of reviewable decisions

             (1)  The National Regulator must, as soon as practicable after a reviewable decision is made in relation to a person, give a written notice to the person containing:

                     (a)  the terms of the decision; and

                     (b)  the reasons for the decision; and

                     (c)  a statement setting out particulars of the person’s right to have the decision reviewed under this section.

             (2)  A person to whom a reviewable decision referred to in subsection (1) relates may apply to the National Regulator for review of the decision.

             (3)  An application for review must:

                     (a)  be in the form approved by the National Regulator; and

                     (b)  contain the information required by the regulations; and

                     (c)  be made within 30 days after the day on which the written notice of the decision was given to the applicant, or within such period (if any) as the National Regulator, either before or after the end of the 30-day period, allows.

             (4)  The National Regulator must, on receiving an application under subsection (3) for review of a reviewable decision, cause the decision to be reviewed by a person to whom the National Regulator power under this section is delegated, being a person who:

                     (a)  was not involved in making the decision; and

                     (b)  occupies a position that is senior to that occupied by any person involved in making the decision.

             (5)  A person who reviews a reviewable decision under this section may:

                     (a)  make a decision affirming, varying or revoking the reviewable decision; and

                     (b)  if the person revokes the decision—make such other decision as the person thinks appropriate.

             (6)  A failure to comply with the requirements of subsection (1) in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of the decision.

141   Applications for AAT review

                   Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of a decision under section 140(5).

Note:          The Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 of the Commonwealth provides for the manner of applying for review, etc.

142   Review of decisions made under the regulations

                   The regulations may provide for:

                     (a)  internal review of decisions made under the regulations; and

                     (b)  the making of applications to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of decisions under the regulations.



 

Division 2 Exemptions

143   Power of exemption

             (1)  The National Regulator may exempt from the application of this Law, or specified provisions of this Law:

                     (a)  a specified vessel or class of vessels; or

                     (b)  a specified person or class of persons.

             (2)  The exemption may be confined to one or both of the following:

                     (a)  one or more specified periods;

                     (b)  one or more specified operations.

             (3)  For the purposes of an exemption for one or more specified periods, of a vessel that is specified or is in a specified class, the periods may be specified as periods for which a specified use is being made of the vessel.

             (4)  An exemption may be granted:

                     (a)  on application in accordance with the regulations by a person; or

                     (b)  on the initiative of the National Regulator.

             (5)  An exemption is subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the instrument of exemption.

             (6)  The National Regulator must not grant an exemption, or impose conditions under subsection (5), unless the National Regulator is satisfied that the exemption concerned, taken together with the conditions to which it is subject, will not jeopardise the safety of a vessel or a person on board a vessel.

             (7)  An exemption granted under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

144   Offence of breaching a condition of exemption (owner)

             (1)  The owner of a domestic commercial vessel commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an exemption under section 143 in relation to the vessel is subject to a condition; and

                     (b)  the owner breaches, or causes or permits another person to breach, the condition.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

145   Offence of breaching a condition of exemption (master)

             (1)  The master of a domestic commercial vessel commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an exemption under section 143 in relation to the vessel is subject to a condition; and

                     (b)  the master breaches, or causes or permits another person to breach, the condition.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

146   Offence of breaching a condition of exemption (all persons)

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an exemption under section 143 in relation to the person is subject to a condition; and

                     (b)  the person breaches the condition.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .



 

Division 3 Application of National Law to certain bodies

147   Treatment of partnerships

             (1)  This Law applies to a partnership as if it were a person, but with the changes set out in this section.

             (2)  An obligation that would otherwise be imposed on the partnership by this Law is imposed on each partner instead, but may be discharged by any of the partners.

             (3)  An offence against this Law that would otherwise be committed by the partnership is taken to have been committed by each partner.

             (4)  A partner does not commit an offence because of subsection (3) if the partner:

                     (a)  does not know of the circumstances that constitute the contravention of the provision concerned; or

                     (b)  knows of those circumstances but takes all reasonable steps to correct the contravention as soon as possible after the partner becomes aware of those circumstances.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4) (see section 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (5)  For the purposes of this Law, a change in the composition of a partnership does not affect the continuity of the partnership.

148   Treatment of unincorporated associations

             (1)  This Law applies to an unincorporated association as if it were a person, but with the changes set out in this section.

             (2)  An obligation that would otherwise be imposed on the association by this Law is imposed on each member of the association’s committee of management instead, but may be discharged by any of the members.

             (3)  An offence against this Law that would otherwise be committed by the association is taken to have been committed by each member of the association’s committee of management.

             (4)  A member of the association’s committee of management does not commit an offence because of subsection (3) if the member:

                     (a)  does not know of the circumstances that constitute the contravention of the provision concerned; or

                     (b)  knows of those circumstances but takes all reasonable steps to correct the contravention as soon as possible after the member becomes aware of those circumstances.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4) (see section 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

149   Treatment of trusts with multiple trustees

             (1)  If a trust has 2 or more trustees, this Law applies to the trust as if it were a person, but with the changes set out in this section.

Note:          A trust may be an owner of a vessel (see the definitions of entity and owner in section 6).

             (2)  An obligation that would otherwise be imposed on the trust by this Law is imposed on each trustee instead, but may be discharged by any of the trustees.

             (3)  An offence against this Law that would otherwise be committed by the trust is taken to have been committed by each trustee.

             (4)  A trustee does not commit an offence because of subsection (3) if the trustee:

                     (a)  does not know of the circumstances that constitute the contravention of the provision concerned; or

                     (b)  knows of those circumstances but takes all reasonable steps to correct the contravention as soon as possible after the trustee becomes aware of those circumstances.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4) (see section 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).



 

Division 4 Fees

150   Charging of fees by the National Regulator

             (1)  The National Regulator may charge such fees as are prescribed by the regulations for things done by the National Regulator under this Law.

             (2)  The fee is payable to the National Regulator.

             (3)  The fee must not be such as to amount to taxation.

             (4)  If the fee is unpaid, it is a debt due to the National Regulator and is recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.

151   Charging of fees by accredited persons

             (1)  An accredited person who:

                     (a)  is not an officer or employee of the Commonwealth, a State or the Northern Territory, or of an agency of the Commonwealth, a State or the Northern Territory; or

                     (b)  is such an officer or employee, but does a thing under this Law other than in that capacity;

may charge another person the fee agreed between the accredited person and the other person for a thing done by the accredited person under this Law.

             (2)  The fee is payable to the accredited person.

             (3)  The fee must not be such as to amount to taxation.

             (4)  If the fee is unpaid, it is a debt due to the accredited person and is recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.



 

Division 5 Disclosure of information

152   Disclosure of information by certain persons to the National Regulator

                   Any of the following may disclose to the National Regulator information (including personal information) that may be relevant to the administration of this Law:

                     (a)  a delegate or sub-delegate of the National Regulator;

                     (b)  a maritime safety inspector;

                     (c)  an accredited person;

                     (d)  an approved training organisation.

Note:          Section 11 of the Australian Maritime Safety Authority Act 1990 of the Commonwealth authorises the National Regulator to disclose information (including personal information).



 

Division 6 Immunity from suit

153   Immunity from suit

             (1)  Criminal or civil proceedings do not lie against:

                     (a)  the National Regulator; or

                     (b)  a member of the staff of the National Regulator; or

                     (c)  a delegate or sub-delegate of the National Regulator; or

                     (d)  an agency of which such a delegate or sub-delegate is an employee; or

                     (e)  an employee or contractor of such an agency; or

                      (f)  a marine safety inspector;

because of an act done or omitted to be done in the exercise of any power conferred on the National Regulator or a marine safety inspector by or under this Law.

             (2)  Criminal or civil proceedings do not lie against a person because of an act done, or omitted to be done, in compliance with a direction given under this Act.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to the extent to which it is inconsistent with an international agreement to which Australia is a party.

             (4)  To avoid doubt, subsection (2) does not apply to proceedings under section 133.



 

Division 7 Matters relating to evidence and proceedings, etc.

154   National Regulator may require certain information

             (1)  This section applies if an offence against this Law (the relevant offence ) in relation to a domestic commercial vessel is alleged to have been committed by:

                     (a)  the master of the vessel; or

                     (b)  the owner of the vessel.

             (2)  The National Regulator may, within 30 days after the conduct constituting the relevant offence, give a written notice:

                     (a)  if the relevant offence is alleged to have been committed by the master of the vessel—to the owner of the vessel, requiring the owner to inform the National Regulator of the name and address of the person who was the master of the vessel at the time of the conduct constituting the relevant offence; or

                     (b)  if the relevant offence is alleged to have been committed by the owner of the vessel—to the master of the vessel, requiring the master to inform the National Regulator of the name and address of the person who was the owner of the vessel at the time of the conduct constituting the relevant offence.

             (3)  The notice must:

                     (a)  specify the relevant offence; and

                     (b)  state the effect of section 155.

155   Offence not to give information

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is given a notice under section 154(2); and

                     (b)  the person does not, within 28 days of the giving of the notice, give the information specified in the notice to the National Regulator.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person satisfies the National Regulator that, at the time of the conduct constituting the relevant offence, the vessel had been stolen or wrongfully taken.

             (3)  An offence against subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

156   Evidentiary certificates

             (1)  The National Regulator may issue a written certificate stating:

                     (a)  that a unique identifier was issued, on a specified day, in relation to a domestic commercial vessel; or

                     (b)  that a specified certificate in relation to a domestic commercial vessel was issued, suspended or revoked on a specified day; or

                     (c)  that a specified person was issued, on a specified day, with a specified certificate in relation to a domestic commercial vessel; or

                     (d)  that a specified person was, on a specified day, issued with a certificate of competency; or

                     (e)  that a specified certificate of competency was suspended or revoked on a specified day; or

                      (f)  the conditions to which a specified certificate is, or is not, subject; or

                     (g)  that a specified person was issued with an instrument (however described) of accreditation; or

                     (h)  that a specified instrument (however described) of accreditation was suspended or revoked on a specified day.

             (2)  In any proceedings for an offence under this Law, a certificate under this section is prima facie evidence of the matters in the certificate.

157   Burden of proving certain matters lies on defendant

                   In proceedings for an offence against this Law, the prosecution is not required to prove, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, the following:

                     (a)  that the defendant was the owner or master of a specified domestic commercial vessel at the time of the conduct constituting the alleged offence;

                     (b)  that a specified vessel is a domestic commercial vessel;

                     (c)  that a specified vessel of a specified person is subject to this Law;

                     (d)  that a specified vessel is not exempt from a provision of this Law;

                     (e)  that a message or signal was received by the master of a domestic commercial vessel, if:

                              (i)  the message was transmitted under this Law by a prescribed person; and

                             (ii)  the vessel was located so as to be able to receive the message or signal;

                      (f)  that a specified vessel is a particular length or tonnage;

                     (g)  the time of sunrise and sunset in a particular location on any day, as published by the Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology established under section 5 of the Meteorology Act 1955 .



 

Division 8 Adverse publicity orders

158   Adverse publicity orders

             (1)  This section applies if a court finds a person (the offender ) guilty of an offence against this Law, whether or not the court convicts the offender of the offence.

             (2)  The court may make an order (the adverse publicity order ) requiring the offender:

                     (a)  to take either or both of the following actions within the period specified in the order:

                              (i)  to publicise, in the way specified in the order, the offence, its consequences, the penalty imposed and any other related matter;

                             (ii)  to notify a specified person or specified class of persons, in the way specified in the order, of the offence, its consequences, the penalty imposed and any other related matter; and

                     (b)  to give the National Regulator, within 7 days after the end of the period specified in the order, evidence that the action or actions were taken by the offender in accordance with the order.

             (3)  The court may make the adverse publicity order:

                     (a)  either on its own initiative or on the application of the person prosecuting the offence; and

                     (b)  in addition to any penalty that may be imposed or any other action that may be taken in relation to the offence.

             (4)  If the offender fails to give evidence to the National Regulator in accordance with subsection (2)(b), the National Regulator may take the action or actions specified in the order.

             (5)  However, if:

                     (a)  the offender gives evidence to the National Regulator in accordance with subsection (2)(b); and

                     (b)  despite that evidence, the National Regulator is not satisfied that the offender has taken the action or actions specified in the order in accordance with the order;

the National Regulator may apply to a court for an order authorising the National Regulator, or a person authorised in writing by the National Regulator, to take the action or actions.

             (6)  If the National Regulator takes one or more actions under subsection (4) or an order under subsection (5), the National Regulator is entitled to recover from the offender, by action in a court, an amount in relation to the reasonable expenses of taking the actions as a debt due to the National Regulator.



 

Division 9 Regulations and other legislative instruments

159   Regulations

             (1)  The Governor-General may make regulations prescribing matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Law to be prescribed; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Law.

             (2)  The regulations may prescribe standards for the purposes of this Law including, but not limited to, standards in relation to the following:

                     (a)  the survey of domestic commercial vessels;

                     (b)  the construction of domestic commercial vessels;

                     (c)  machinery and equipment connected with domestic commercial vessels;

                     (d)  maintenance of domestic commercial vessels;

                     (e)  operation of domestic commercial vessels;

                      (f)  crewing of domestic commercial vessels;

                     (g)  qualifications of crew and masters of domestic commercial vessels;

                     (h)  safety of domestic commercial vessels;

                      (i)  communications relating to domestic commercial vessels.

             (3)  The regulations may prescribe requirements relating to the following:

                     (a)  the keeping of records relating to the operation of domestic commercial vessels;

                     (b)  auditing the operation of domestic commercial vessels;

                     (c)  the marking of domestic commercial vessels;

                     (d)  advertising the uses of domestic commercial vessels, including prohibiting advertising of uses not permitted by a certificate for the vessel.

             (4)  The regulations may prescribe a scheme for and in relation to voluntary enforceable undertakings.

             (5)  The regulations may make provision for and in relation to:

                     (a)  requiring persons to hold certificates (within the ordinary meaning of that expression) or other documents for the purposes of giving effect to an international convention or instrument that is in force for Australia; and

                     (b)  the issuing, varying, revoking and suspending of such certificates or other documents.

             (6)  Before the Governor-General makes regulations for the purposes of section 7(4) or (5), the Commonwealth Minister must be satisfied that:

                     (a)  the COAG Council has been consulted in relation to the proposed regulations; and

                     (b)  the COAG Council has unanimously agreed to the making of the proposed regulations.

160   Regulations may prescribe matters relating to accreditation and approval

             (1)  The regulations may prescribe matters relating to accreditation and approval, including, but not limited to:

                     (a)  the accreditation of persons to perform roles prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (b)  the approval of training organisations.

             (2)  Examples of matters that the regulations may deal with are:

                     (a)  the standards that are to be met by persons who seek to be accredited or approved; and

                     (b)  who is responsible for determining whether a person meets the standards; and

                     (c)  how accreditation is to be recognised (for example, by establishment of a register or other method); and

                     (d)  the standards and other obligations that persons must continue to meet to remain accredited or approved; and

                     (e)  who is responsible for monitoring compliance with ongoing requirements in the regulations; and

                      (f)  the consequences of accredited persons and approved training organisations failing to comply with the provisions of this Law; and

                     (g)  the obligations of accredited persons and approved training organisations in relation to the monitoring of their compliance; and

                     (h)  how and by whom an accredited person may have his or her accreditation (or recognition of that accreditation) varied, suspended or revoked; and

                      (i)  how and by whom an approved training organisation may have its approval varied, suspended or revoked; and

                      (j)  review of decisions to refuse, vary, suspend or revoke accreditation (or recognition of accreditation) or approval; and

                     (k)  the process for handling complaints involving accredited persons or approved training organisations; and

                      (l)  who may deliver recognised training to accredited persons or approved training organisations; and

                    (m)  auditing accredited persons or approved training organisations.

             (3)  Before the Governor-General makes the first regulations for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) providing for the accreditation of persons to perform the role of a surveyor of vessels, the Commonwealth Minister must be satisfied that:

                     (a)  the COAG Council has been consulted in relation to the proposed regulations; and

                     (b)  the COAG Council has agreed to the making of the proposed regulations.

161   Offence of contravening a condition of accreditation

             (1)  An accredited person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person does an act or omits to do an act; and

                     (b)  the act or omission contravenes a condition prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (c)  the act or omission is a risk to the safety of a person or a domestic commercial vessel; and

                     (d)  the person intends the act or omission to be a risk to the safety of a person or a domestic commercial vessel.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months or 200 penalty units, or both.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person does an act or omits to do an act; and

                     (b)  the act or omission contravenes a condition prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (c)  the act or omission is a risk to the safety of a person or a domestic commercial vessel; and

                     (d)  the person is reckless as to whether the act or omission is a risk to the safety of a person or a domestic commercial vessel.

Penalty:  160 penalty units.

             (3)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person does an act or omits to do an act; and

                     (b)  the act or omission contravenes a condition prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; and

                     (c)  the act or omission is a risk to the safety of a person or a domestic commercial vessel; and

                     (d)  the person is negligent as to whether the act or omission is a risk to the safety of a person or a domestic commercial vessel.

Penalty:  120 penalty units.

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person does an act or omits to do an act; and

                     (b)  the act or omission contravenes a condition prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

162   Regulations may prescribe penalties etc.

             (1)  The regulations may prescribe penalties not more than 50 penalty units for offences against the regulations.

             (2)  The regulations may prescribe civil penalties for contraventions of the regulations, not more than:

                     (a)  for a body corporate—500 penalty units; or

                     (b)  in any other case—100 penalty units.

             (3)  The regulations may provide for a person who is alleged to have contravened a provision of the regulations for whose contravention a civil penalty is prescribed to pay a penalty to the Commonwealth as an alternative to proceedings for a civil penalty.

             (4)  The penalty must not exceed one-tenth of the maximum penalty that a court could have ordered the person to pay if the court was satisfied that the person had contravened that provision.

163   Legislative instruments other than regulations

             (1)  The National Regulator may, by legislative instrument, make a Marine Order with respect to any matter for which provision must or may be made by the regulations, other than regulations made for the purposes of the following provisions:

                     (a)  sections 7(4) and (5) (definition of domestic commercial vessel );

                     (b)  section 8(3)(a) (definition of vessel );

                     (c)  section 150(1) (fees);

                     (d)  section 160(1)(a) (accreditation).

             (2)  If a Marine Order is inconsistent with this Law, the Marine Order is, to the extent of the inconsistency, of no effect.

             (3)  A reference to this Law in subsection (2) does not include a reference to a Marine Order.

164   Incorporation of material, etc.

                   Despite section 14 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 of the Commonwealth, the regulations and Marine Orders may make provision for or in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating any matter contained in any written instrument in force or existing from time to time, including but not limited to:

                     (a)  the National Standard for Commercial Vessels; and

                     (b)  the Uniform Shipping Laws Code.

165   Regulations may deal with transitional matters

             (1)  The regulations may prescribe matters of a transitional nature (including matters of an application or saving nature):

                     (a)  arising out of the enactment of this Law; or

                     (b)  relating to the transition from the application of provisions of laws of the States and the Territories to the application of provisions of this Law.

             (2)  The regulations have effect despite anything else in this Law.

             (3)  The regulations may provide that certain provisions of this Law are taken to be modified as set out in the regulations. Those provisions then have effect as if they were so modified.

             (4)  The regulations may provide that a specified identifier, document, licence, certificate or exemption (however described) issued, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, under a law of a State or the Northern Territory is taken to be a specified identifier, document, licence, certificate or exemption issued under this Law, subject to such requirements and modifications as are prescribed.

             (5)  Despite section 12(2) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 of the Commonwealth, regulations made under this section may be expressed to take effect from a date before the regulations are registered under that Act.

             (6)  If:

                     (a)  regulations are expressed to take effect from a date before the date the regulations are registered under the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 of the Commonwealth; and

                     (b)  a person did an act or omitted to do an act before the regulations are registered; and

                     (c)  apart from the retrospective effect of the regulations, the act or omission would not have contravened this Law;

then a court must not convict the person of an offence in relation to the act or omission on the grounds that it contravened this Law.