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Do Not Knock Register Bill 2012

2010-2011-2012

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do Not Knock Register Bill 2012

 

No.      , 2012

 

(Mr Georganas)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to establish a Do Not Knock Register, and for other purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Simplified outline................................................................................ 2

4............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 2

5............ Meaning of marketing call .................................................................. 5

6............ Crown to be bound............................................................................. 6

7............ Extension to external Territories.......................................................... 7

Part 2—Rules about making marketing calls                                                        8

8............ Unsolicited marketing calls must not be made to an address registered on the Do Not Knock Register   8

9............ Agreements for the making of marketing calls must require compliance with this Act             10

Part 3—Do Not Knock Register                                                                                   12

10.......... Do Not Knock Register.................................................................... 12

11.......... Applications...................................................................................... 12

12.......... Inclusion on Register........................................................................ 12

13.......... Period of inclusion............................................................................ 13

14.......... Access to Register............................................................................. 13

Part 4—Civil penalties                                                                                                        14

15.......... Civil penalty orders........................................................................... 14

16.......... Maximum penalties for contravention of civil penalty provisions..... 14

17.......... 2 or more proceedings may be heard together................................... 17

18.......... Time limit for application for an order............................................... 17

19.......... Civil evidence and procedure rules for civil penalty orders............... 17

20.......... Ancillary orders—compensation....................................................... 18

21.......... Ancillary orders—recovery of financial benefit................................ 18

22.......... Infringement notices.......................................................................... 19

Part 5—Injunctions                                                                                                              20

23.......... Injunctions........................................................................................ 20

24.......... Interim injunctions............................................................................ 20

25.......... Discharge etc. of injunctions............................................................. 21

26.......... Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply............................ 21

27.......... Other powers of the Federal Court or the Federal Magistrates Court unaffected      22

Part 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                                        23

28.......... Nominees.......................................................................................... 23

29.......... Formal warnings—breach of civil penalty provision........................ 23

30.......... Additional Registrar functions.......................................................... 23

31.......... Operation of State and Territory laws............................................... 24

32.......... Implied freedom of political communication..................................... 24

33.......... Review of operation of Act............................................................... 24

34.......... Making complaints and investigating contraventions........................ 24

35.......... Delegation......................................................................................... 24

36.......... Regulations....................................................................................... 25

Schedule 1—Designated marketing calls                                              26

1............ Object................................................................................................ 26

2............ Government bodies, religious organisations and charities................. 26

3............ Political parties, independent members of parliament, candidates etc. 26

4............ Educational institutions..................................................................... 28

5............ Regulations....................................................................................... 29

6............ Authorising the making of marketing calls........................................ 29

Schedule 2—Consent                                                                                                 30

1............ Object................................................................................................ 30

2............ Basic definition................................................................................. 30

3............ Duration of express consent.............................................................. 30

4............ Consent may not be inferred from the publication of an address....... 30

5............ Regulations about consent................................................................. 31

Schedule 3—Infringement notices                                                               32

1............ Object................................................................................................ 32

2............ When an infringement notice can be given........................................ 32

3............ Matters to be included in an infringement notice............................... 32

4............ Amount of penalty............................................................................ 33

5............ Withdrawal of an infringement notice............................................... 35

6............ What happens if the penalty is paid................................................... 35

7............ Effect of this Schedule on civil proceedings...................................... 36

8............ Regulations....................................................................................... 36

Schedule 4—Making complaints and investigating contraventions              37

1............ Object................................................................................................ 37

2............ Complaints to the Registrar............................................................... 37

3............ Obtaining information and documents.............................................. 37

4............ Use of documents............................................................................. 38

5............ Reasonable compensation for copying documents............................ 39

6............ Self-incrimination.............................................................................. 39

7............ Decision not to investigate complaint—persons to be informed........ 39

8............ Protection from civil actions.............................................................. 40

 



A Bill for an Act to establish a Do Not Knock Register, and for other purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:



Schedule 1 Designated marketing calls

Note:       See section 4.

   

   

1   Object

                   The object of this Schedule is to define the expression designated marketing call .

Note:          Designated marketing calls are exempt from section 8 (unsolicited marketing calls must not be made to an address entered on the Do Not Knock Register).

2   Government bodies, religious organisations and charities

                   For the purposes of this Act, a marketing call is a designated marketing call if:

                     (a)  the making of the call is authorised by any of the following bodies:

                              (i)  a government body;

                             (ii)  a religious organisation;

                            (iii)  a charity or charitable institution; and

                     (b)  if the call relates to goods or services—the body is the supplier, or prospective supplier, of the goods or services; and

                     (c)  the call is not of a kind prescribed by the regulations.

3  Political parties, independent members of parliament, candidates etc.

Political parties

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a marketing call is a designated marketing call if:

                     (a)  the making of the call is authorised by a registered political party; and

                     (b)  having regard to:

                              (i)  the content of the call; and

                             (ii)  the presentational aspects of the call;

                            it would be concluded that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the call is:

                            (iii)  to conduct fund-raising for electoral purposes; or

                            (iv)  to conduct fund-raising for political purposes; and

                     (c)  if the call relates to goods or services—the registered political party is the supplier, or prospective supplier, of the goods or services; and

                     (d)  the call is not of a kind prescribed in the regulations.

Independent members of parliament etc.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a marketing call is a designated marketing call if:

                     (a)  the making of the call is authorised by a person who is a member of:

                              (i)  the Parliament of the Commonwealth; or

                             (ii)  the parliament of a State; or

                            (iii)  the Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory; or

                            (iv)  the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory; or

                             (v)  the Legislative Assembly of Norfolk Island; or

                            (vi)  a local governing body established by or under a law of a State or a Territory;

                            and who is not affiliated with any registered political party; and

                     (b)  having regard to:

                              (i)  the content of the call; and

                             (ii)  the presentational aspects of the call;

                            it would be concluded that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the call is:

                            (iii)  to conduct fund-raising for electoral purposes; or

                            (iv)  to conduct fund-raising for political purposes; and

                     (c)  if the call relates to goods or services—the person is the supplier, or prospective supplier, of the goods or services; and

                     (d)  the call is not of a kind prescribed in the regulations.

Candidates

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, a marketing call is a designated marketing call if:

                     (a)  the making of the call is authorised by a person who is a candidate in an election for:

                              (i)  the House of Representatives; or

                             (ii)  the Senate; or

                            (iii)  a house of the parliament of a State; or

                            (iv)  the Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory; or

                             (v)  the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory; or

                            (vi)  the Legislative Assembly of Norfolk Island; or

                           (vii)  a local governing body established by or under a law of a State or a Territory; and

                     (b)  having regard to:

                              (i)  the content of the call; and

                             (ii)  the presentational aspects of the call;

                            it would be concluded that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the call is:

                            (iii)  to conduct fund-raising for electoral purposes; or

                            (iv)  to conduct fund-raising for political purposes; and

                     (c)  if the call relates to goods or services—the person is the supplier, or prospective supplier, of the goods or services; and

                     (d)  the call is not of a kind prescribed in the regulations.

4   Educational institutions

                   For the purposes of this Act, a marketing call is a designated marketing call if:

                     (a)  the making of the call is authorised by an educational institution; and

                     (b)  the call is made to an address that is used or maintained primarily for the private or domestic purposes of the occupier and/or members of the occupier’s household; and

                     (c)  either or both of the following subparagraphs apply:

                              (i)  the occupier is, or has been, enrolled as a student in that institution;

                             (ii)  a member or former member of the occupier’s household is, or has been, enrolled as a student in that institution; and

                     (d)  if the call relates to goods or services—the institution is the supplier, or prospective supplier, of the goods or services; and

                     (e)  the call is not of a kind prescribed in the regulations.

5   Regulations

                   The regulations may provide that a prescribed kind of marketing call is a designated marketing call for the purposes of this Act.

6   Authorising the making of marketing calls

                   For the purposes of this Schedule, if:

                     (a)  an individual authorises the making of a marketing call; and

                     (b)  the individual does so on behalf of an organisation;

then:

                     (c)  the organisation is taken to authorise the making of the call; and

                     (d)  the individual is taken not to authorise the making of the call.



 

Schedule 2 Consent

Note:       See section 4.

   

   

1   Object

                   The object of this Schedule is to define the expression consent when used in relation to the making of a marketing call.

Note:          The concept of consent is relevant to section 8 (unsolicited marketing calls must not be made to an address entered on the Do Not Knock Register).

2   Basic definition

                   For the purposes of this Act, consent means:

                     (a)  express consent; or

                     (b)  consent that can reasonably be inferred from:

                              (i)  the conduct; and

                             (ii)  the business and other relationships;

                            of the individual or organisation concerned.

3   Duration of express consent

                   For the purposes of this Act, if:

                     (a)  express consent is given; and

                     (b)  the consent is not expressed to be for a specified period or for an indefinite period;

the consent is taken to have been withdrawn at the end of the period of 3 months beginning on the day on which the consent was given.

4   Consent may not be inferred from the publication of an address

                   For the purposes of the application of this Act to an address, consent of:

                     (a)  the occupier; or

                     (b)  a nominee of the occupier;

may not be inferred from the mere fact that the address has been published.

5   Regulations about consent

                   The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of the application of this Act to an address, the consent of:

                     (a)  the occupier; or

                     (b)  a nominee of the occupier;

may or may not be inferred in the circumstances specified in the regulations.



 

Schedule 3 Infringement notices

Note:       See section 22.

   

   

1   Object

                   The object of this Schedule is to set up a system of infringement notices for contraventions of civil penalty provisions as an alternative to the institution of proceedings in the Federal Court or the Federal Magistrates Court.

2   When an infringement notice can be given

             (1)  If the Registrar has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has, on a particular day, committed one or more contraventions of a particular civil penalty provision, the Registrar may give to the person an infringement notice relating to those contraventions.

             (2)  An infringement notice must be given within 12 months after the day on which the contraventions are alleged to have taken place.

             (3)  Subclause (2) does not apply to a contravention of subsection 9(1) or (2).

Note 1:       Section 9 deals with agreements for the making of marketing calls.

             (4)  This clause does not authorise the giving of 2 or more infringement notices to a person in relation to contraventions of a particular civil penalty provision that allegedly occurred on the same day.

3   Matters to be included in an infringement notice

             (1)  An infringement notice must:

                     (a)  set out the name of the person to whom the notice is given; and

                     (b)  set out contact details for the Registrar (or delegate); and

                     (c)  set out brief details of each of the alleged contraventions; and

                     (d)  contain a statement to the effect that the matter or matters will not be dealt with by the Federal Court or the Federal Magistrates Court if the penalty specified in the notice is paid to the Registrar, on behalf of the Commonwealth, within:

                              (i)  28 days after the notice is given; or

                             (ii)  if the Registrar allows a longer period—that longer period; and

                     (e)  give an explanation of how payment of the penalty is to be made; and

                      (f)  set out such other matters (if any) as are prescribed by the regulations.

Note:          For the amount of penalty, see clause 4.

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), the brief details must include the following information in relation to each alleged contravention:

                     (a)  the date of the alleged contravention;

                     (b)  the civil penalty provision that was allegedly contravened.

4   Amount of penalty

Infringement notice given to a body corporate

             (1)  The penalty to be specified in an infringement notice given to a body corporate must be a pecuniary penalty equal to the number of penalty units worked out using the table:

 

Number of penalty units

Item

In this case ...

the number of penalty units is ...

1

the notice relates to a single alleged contravention of subsection 8(1) or (7)

20

2

the notice relates to more than 1, but fewer than 50, alleged contraventions of subsection 8(1) or (7)

the number obtained by multiplying 20 by the number of alleged contraventions

3

the notice relates to 50 or more alleged contraventions of subsection 8(1) or (7)

1,000

4

the notice relates to a single alleged contravention of a civil penalty provision other than subsection 8(1) or (7)

10

5

the notice relates to more than 1, but fewer than 50, alleged contraventions of a civil penalty provision other than subsection 8(1) or (7)

the number obtained by multiplying 10 by the number of alleged contraventions

6

the notice relates to 50 or more alleged contraventions of a civil penalty provision other than subsection 8(1) or (7)

500

Infringement notice given to a person other than a body corporate

             (2)  The penalty to be specified in an infringement notice given to a person other than a body corporate must be a pecuniary penalty equal to the number of penalty units worked out using the table:

 

Number of penalty units

Item

In this case ...

the number of penalty units is ...

1

the notice relates to a single alleged contravention of subsection 8(1) or (7)

4

2

the notice relates to more than 1, but fewer than 50, alleged contraventions of subsection 8(1) or (7)

the number obtained by multiplying 4 by the number of alleged contraventions

3

the notice relates to 50 or more alleged contraventions of subsection 8(1) or (7)

200

4

the notice relates to a single alleged contravention of a civil penalty provision other than subsection 8(1) or (7)

2

5

the notice relates to more than 1, but fewer than 50, alleged contraventions of a civil penalty provision other than subsection 8(1) or (7)

the number obtained by multiplying 2 by the number of alleged contraventions

6

the notice relates to 50 or more alleged contraventions of a civil penalty provision other than subsection 8(1) or (7)

100

5   Withdrawal of an infringement notice

             (1)  This clause applies if an infringement notice is given to a person.

             (2)  The Registrar may, by written notice (the withdrawal notice ) given to the person, withdraw the infringement notice.

             (3)  To be effective, the withdrawal notice must be given to the person within 28 days after the infringement notice was given.

Refund of penalty if infringement notice withdrawn

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the penalty specified in the infringement notice is paid; and

                     (b)  the infringement notice is withdrawn after the penalty is paid;

the Commonwealth is liable to refund the penalty.

6   What happens if the penalty is paid

             (1)  This clause applies if:

                     (a)  an infringement notice relating to one or more alleged contraventions is given to a person; and

                     (b)  the penalty is paid in accordance with the infringement notice; and

                     (c)  the infringement notice is not withdrawn.

             (2)  Any liability of the person for the alleged contraventions is discharged.

             (3)  Proceedings under Part 4 may not be brought against the person for the alleged contraventions.

7   Effect of this Schedule on civil proceedings

                   This Schedule does not:

                     (a)  require an infringement notice to be given in relation to an alleged contravention; or

                     (b)  affect the liability of a person to have proceedings under Part 4 brought against the person for an alleged contravention if:

                              (i)  the person does not comply with an infringement notice relating to the contravention; or

                             (ii)  an infringement notice relating to the contravention is not given to the person; or

                            (iii)  an infringement notice relating to the contravention is given to the person and subsequently withdrawn; or

                     (c)  limit the Federal Court’s or the Federal Magistrates Court’s discretion to determine the amount of a penalty to be imposed on a person who is found in proceedings under Part 4 to have contravened a civil penalty provision.

8   Regulations

                   The regulations may make further provision in relation to infringement notices.



 

Schedule 4 Making complaints and investigating contraventions

Note:       See section 34.

   

   

1   Object

                   The object of this Schedule is to provide a complaints process and investigation powers for use in relation to contraventions of this Act.

2   Complaints to the Registrar

             (1)  A person may complain to the Registrar about a contravention of this Act.

             (2)  The complaint must be in writing.

             (3)  The complaint must specify, as the respondent in respect of the complaint, the person against whom the complaint is made.

             (4)  The Registrar must take reasonable steps to provide appropriate assistance to the person making the complaint if it appears to the Registrar that the person making the compliant requires assistance to formulate the complaint or to reduce it to writing.

             (5)  Before beginning to investigate the complaint, the Registrar must inform the respondent that the complaint is to be investigated.

3   Obtaining information and documents

             (1)  This section applies if the Registrar has reason to believe that a person has information or a document that is relevant to the investigation of a contravention of this Act.

             (2)  The Registrar may, by written notice given to the person, require the person to give the Registrar the information or document (or a copy of the document).

             (3)  The person must comply with the requirement within the period and in the way specified in the notice.

             (4)  The notice must set out the effect of subclause (5).

             (5)  The person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Registrar has given the person a notice under subclause (2); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct contravenes a requirement in the notice.

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

             (5)  In this clause:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

4   Use of documents

             (1)  The Registrar may inspect a document or copy produced by the person.

             (2)  If the document is not a copy:

                     (a)  the Registrar may:

                              (i)  take, and retain the document for as long as is necessary; and

                             (ii)  make and retain copies of, or take and retain extracts from, the document; and

                     (b)  the person otherwise entitled to possession of the document is entitled to be supplied, as soon as practicable, with a copy certified by the Registrar to be a true copy; and

                     (c)  the certified copy must be received in all courts and tribunals as evidence as if it were the original.

             (3)  Until a certified copy is supplied, the Registrar must, at such times and places as the Registrar thinks appropriate, permit the person otherwise entitled to possession of the document, or a person authorised by that person, to inspect and make copies of, or take extracts from, the document.

             (4)  If the document is a copy, the Registrar may retain possession of the copy.

5   Reasonable compensation for copying documents

                   The person is entitled to be paid reasonable compensation by the Registrar for making copies required by the Registrar.

6   Self-incrimination

             (1)  An individual is not excused from giving information or evidence or producing a document or a copy of a document under clause 3 on the ground that the information or evidence or the production of the document or copy might tend to incriminate the individual or expose the individual to a penalty.

             (2)  However:

                     (a)  giving the information or evidence or producing the document or copy; or

                     (b)  any information, document or thing obtained as a direct or indirect consequence of giving the information or evidence or producing the document or copy;

is not admissible in evidence against the individual in criminal proceedings other than proceedings under, or relating to, this Act.

7   Decision not to investigate complaint—persons to be informed

             (1)  If the Registrar decides not to investigate, or further investigate, a complaint, the Registrar must, as soon as practicable and in such manner as the Registrar thinks fit, inform the complainant and the respondent of the decision and of the reasons for the decision.

             (2)  After completing an investigation, the Registrar must, as soon as practicable and in such manner as the Registrar thinks fit, inform the complainant and the respondent of the outcome of the investigation.

8   Protection from civil actions

                   Civil proceedings do not lie against a person in respect of loss, damage or injury of any kind suffered by another person because of any of the following acts done in good faith:

                     (a)  the making of a complaint to the Registrar;

                     (b)  the giving of information or a document to the Registrar in connection with the investigation of a contravention of this Act.