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Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Bill 2006

2004-2005-2006

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

As read a third time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Bill 2006

 

No.      , 2006

 

 

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to provide for the appointment of the Integrity Commissioner, to set out the functions and powers of the Integrity Commissioner, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Objects of this Act.............................................................................. 2

4............ Application of Act............................................................................... 3

Part 2—Interpretation                                                                                                         4

5............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 4

6............ Meaning of engages in corrupt conduct ........................................... 14

7............ Meaning of corruption issue ............................................................. 15

8............ Meaning of ACLEI corruption issue ................................................. 15

9............ Corruption issue that relates to a law enforcement agency................ 16

10.......... Staff members of law enforcement agencies..................................... 16

11.......... Staff members of ACLEI.................................................................. 18

12.......... Applying Act to staff members of former NCA............................... 18

13.......... State offences that have a federal aspect............................................ 19

Part 3—The Integrity Commissioner                                                                        23

14.......... Integrity Commissioner..................................................................... 23

15.......... Functions of the Integrity Commissioner.......................................... 23

16.......... Integrity Commissioner to give priority to serious corruption and systemic corruption           24

17.......... Integrity Commissioner may enter into agreement with head of law enforcement agency        24

Part 4—Dealing with corruption issues                                                                   25

Division 1—Referring corruption issues to Integrity Commissioner 25

18.......... Referral of corruption issues by Minister.......................................... 25

19.......... Notification of corruption issues by law enforcement agency heads. 25

20.......... Notification of corruption issue identified as significant corruption issue                26

21.......... Law enforcement agency head to pass on new information in relation to corruption issue already referred             27

22.......... Notification of corruption issue not identified as significant corruption issue          28

23.......... Referral of corruption issues by other people.................................... 29

24.......... Referral under section 23 by person in custody................................ 30

25.......... Person making referral under section 23 may elect to be kept informed 31

Division 2—How Integrity Commissioner deals with corruption issues                33

Subdivision A—General                                                                                          33

26.......... How Integrity Commissioner may deal with corruption issues......... 33

27.......... Criteria for deciding how to deal with a corruption issue.................. 33

28.......... Dealing with multiple corruption issues............................................ 34

29.......... How Integrity Commissioner may deal with corruption issues that relate to conduct of secondee from government agency............................................................................................... 35

30.......... Arranging for government agencies and integrity agencies to investigate corruption issues relating to conduct of secondees.......................................................................................... 38

Subdivision B—Integrity Commissioner dealing with corruption issues referred or notified    39

31.......... Significant corruption issues notified under section 19 and corruption issues referred under section 18 or 23        39

32.......... Corruption issues notified under section 19 (other than significant corruption issues)             40

Subdivision C—Advising particular people of decision about how to deal with corruption issue              41

33.......... Minister............................................................................................. 41

34.......... Person who refers corruption issue................................................... 41

35.......... Head of law enforcement agency...................................................... 43

36.......... Heads of home agency and integrity agency..................................... 44

37.......... Staff member to whom corruption issue relates................................ 45

Subdivision D—Integrity Commissioner dealing with corruption issues on own initiative         46

38.......... Integrity Commissioner may deal with corruption issues on own initiative              46

39.......... Advising head of law enforcement agency of decision to deal with corruption issue on own initiative    46

40.......... Advising heads of government agency and integrity agency of decision to deal with corruption issue on own initiative.......................................................................................................... 48

41.......... Advising staff member of decision to deal with corruption issue on own initiative  49

Subdivision E—Reconsidering how to deal with a corruption issue            50

42.......... Reconsidering how to deal with a corruption issue........................... 50

Part 5—Information sharing when decision made on how to deal with corruption issue              52

Division 1—Giving information to head of agency conducting investigation     52

43.......... Division applies if agency to conduct, or continue conducting, investigation of corruption issue            52

44.......... Integrity Commissioner to give information or documents to agency head              53

Division 2—Information to be given by law enforcement agency that has already commenced investigation                                                                                           54

45.......... Division applies if law enforcement agency has already commenced investigating corruption issue        54

46.......... Integrity Commissioner may direct agency head to give information or documents that relate to corruption issue   54

Part 6—Investigations by Integrity Commissioner                                           55

Division 1—Investigation                                                                                          55

47.......... Application of Division..................................................................... 55

48.......... Integrity Commissioner to determine manner of conducting investigation               55

49.......... Coordinating Integrity Commissioner’s investigation and law enforcement operations           55

50.......... Information sharing for joint investigation........................................ 56

51.......... Opportunity to be heard.................................................................... 56

Division 2—Reporting                                                                                                 59

Subdivision A—Reporting during investigation                                               59

52.......... Integrity Commissioner to keep person who referred corruption issue informed of progress of investigation         59

53.......... Integrity Commissioner to keep home agency and integrity agency informed of progress of investigation              60

Subdivision B—Reporting at the end of investigation                                     61

54.......... Report on investigation..................................................................... 61

55.......... Integrity Commissioner to give report to certain persons.................. 62

56.......... Comments by head of agency........................................................... 64

57.......... Follow-up action on report................................................................ 64

58.......... Advising person who referred corruption issue of outcome of the investigation      66

59.......... Advising person whose conduct is investigated of outcome of the investigation     68

Part 7—Investigations by other Commonwealth agencies                           69

Division 1—Nominated contact for investigations by law enforcement agencies             69

60.......... Nominating contact for investigation................................................. 69

Division 2—Managing or overseeing investigations by law enforcement agencies         70

61.......... Managing an investigation................................................................ 70

62.......... Overseeing an investigation.............................................................. 70

Division 3—Reporting                                                                                                 71

Subdivision A—Reporting by law enforcement agencies during investigations             71

63.......... Integrity Commissioner may request individual progress report....... 71

64.......... Integrity Commissioner may request periodic progress reports........ 71

65.......... Head of law enforcement agency to keep person who referred corruption issue informed of progress of investigation.......................................................................................................... 72

Subdivision B—Reporting by Commonwealth government agencies at end of investigations   73

66.......... Final report on investigation.............................................................. 73

67.......... Integrity Commissioner may comment on final report...................... 74

68.......... Advising person who referred corruption issue of outcome of the investigation      76

69.......... Advising person whose conduct is investigated of outcome of the investigation     77

Division 4—Integrity Commissioner to pass on information relevant to agency             78

70.......... Integrity Commissioner to pass on information relevant to agency investigation     78

Part 8—Public inquiries into corruption issues                                                  79

Division 1—Conducting a public inquiry                                                          79

71.......... Minister may request Integrity Commissioner to conduct public inquiry 79

72.......... Publicising inquiry............................................................................ 79

Division 2—Reporting                                                                                                 80

73.......... Report on public inquiry................................................................... 80

74.......... Giving report to Minister.................................................................. 81

Part 9—Integrity Commissioner’s powers in conducting investigations and public inquiries     82

Division 1—Requiring people to give information and produce documents or things   82

Subdivision A—Requests by Integrity Commissioner                                     82

75.......... Request to staff member of law enforcement agency........................ 82

76.......... Request to person other than staff member of law enforcement agency 83

77.......... Integrity Commissioner may retain documents and things................ 83

Subdivision B—Offence and related provisions                                               84

78.......... Failure to comply with Integrity Commissioner’s request................. 84

79.......... Legal practitioner not required to disclose privileged communications 84

80.......... Self-incrimination etc........................................................................ 85

81.......... Protection of person required to give information and produce documents              87

Division 2—Conducting hearings                                                                          89

Subdivision A—General provisions                                                                     89

82.......... Integrity Commissioner may hold hearings....................................... 89

83.......... Integrity Commissioner may summon person................................... 90

84.......... Integrity Commissioner may take evidence outside Australia........... 91

Subdivision B—Procedure at hearing                                                                 92

85.......... Who may be represented at a hearing................................................ 92

86.......... Who may be present at a hearing....................................................... 92

Subdivision C—Taking evidence at hearing                                                      93

87.......... Evidence on oath or by affirmation................................................... 93

88.......... Examination and cross-examination of witnesses............................. 94

89.......... Giving evidence in private................................................................. 94

90.......... Directions in relation to confidentiality.............................................. 95

Subdivision D—Prohibitions against disclosing information about a summons            97

91.......... Disclosure of summons may be prohibited....................................... 97

92.......... Offences of disclosure...................................................................... 99

Subdivision E—Offences in relation to hearings                                            102

93.......... Offences.......................................................................................... 102

94.......... Contempt......................................................................................... 103

95.......... Legal practitioner not required to disclose privileged communications 104

96.......... Self-incrimination etc...................................................................... 105

Subdivision F—Court orders for delivery of witness’s passport and witness’s arrest   108

97.......... Integrity Commissioner may apply for order that witness deliver his or her passport              108

98.......... Court orders.................................................................................... 109

99.......... Applying for a warrant to arrest witness......................................... 111

100........ Warrant for arrest............................................................................ 111

101........ Powers of Judge in relation to person arrested................................ 113

Subdivision G—Miscellaneous                                                                            114

102........ Integrity Commissioner may retain documents or things................ 114

103........ Person may apply for legal and financial assistance........................ 114

104........ Protection of Integrity Commissioner etc........................................ 115

104A..... Protection of witnesses etc.............................................................. 116

Division 3—Entering certain places during an investigation without a search warrant               118

105........ Power to enter places occupied by law enforcement agencies......... 118

106........ Receipts of things seized under warrant.......................................... 119

Division 4—Search warrants                                                                                121

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                121

107........ Application to things under the control of a person......................... 121

Subdivision B—Applying for a search warrant                                              121

108........ Authorised officer may apply for a search warrant......................... 121

Subdivision C—Issue of a search warrant                                                        123

109........ When search warrants may be issued.............................................. 123

110........ Content of warrants......................................................................... 125

111........ Application by telephone etc. and issue of warrant......................... 128

112........ The things authorised by a search warrant in relation to premises... 130

113........ The things authorised by a search warrant in relation to a person... 131

114........ Restrictions on personal searches.................................................... 132

115........ When warrant may be executed etc................................................. 132

Subdivision D—General provisions about executing a search warrant    133

116........ Announcement before entry............................................................ 133

117........ Availability of assistance and use of force in executing a warrant... 133

Subdivision E—Specific provisions about executing a warrant in relation to premises               134

118........ Application...................................................................................... 134

119........ Copy of warrant to be shown to occupier etc.................................. 134

120........ Occupier entitled to watch search.................................................... 134

121........ Specific powers available to person executing a warrant................. 135

122........ Use of equipment to examine or process things.............................. 135

123........ Use of electronic equipment at premises without expert assistance. 137

124........ Use of electronic equipment at premises with expert assistance...... 138

125........ Person with knowledge of a computer or a computer system to assist access etc.    139

126........ Accessing data held on other premises—notification to occupier of those premises                140

127........ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......................... 141

128........ Copies of seized things to be provided............................................ 142

129........ Receipts of things seized under warrant.......................................... 142

Subdivision F—Specific provisions about executing a warrant in relation to a person                142

130........ Copy of warrant to be shown to person.......................................... 142

131........ Conduct of an ordinary search or a frisk search.............................. 143

Subdivision G—Offences                                                                                      143

132........ Making false statements in warrants............................................... 143

133........ Offence for stating incorrect names in telephone warrants.............. 143

134........ Offence for unauthorised form of warrant...................................... 143

135........ Offence for executing etc. an unauthorised form of warrant........... 144

136........ Offence for giving unexecuted form of warrant.............................. 144

Subdivision H—Miscellaneous                                                                            144

137........ Other laws about search, arrest etc. not affected.............................. 144

138........ Law relating to legal professional privilege not affected.................. 145

Division 5—Powers of arrest                                                                                146

139........ Authorised officers may exercise powers of arrest......................... 146

Division 6—Authorised officers                                                                           147

140........ Appointment of authorised officers................................................. 147

141........ Identity cards................................................................................... 148

Part 10—Dealing with evidence and information obtained in investigation or public inquiry   150

142........ Evidence of offence or liability to civil penalty................................ 150

143........ Evidence that could be used in confiscation proceedings................ 151

144........ Consultation with law enforcement agency head before taking action under section 142 or 143              152

145........ Notification of action taken under section 142 or 143..................... 153

146........ Evidence of breach of duty or misconduct by staff member............ 154

147........ Evidence of, or information suggesting, wrongful conviction......... 155

Part 11—Attorney-General’s certificates about release of information 157

149........ Attorney-General’s certificate in relation to particular information.. 157

150........ Integrity Commissioner’s access to section 149 certified information 159

151........ Giving another agency section 149 certified information................ 160

152........ Integrity Commissioner giving section 149 certified information to agency head or special investigator 160

Part 12—Dealing with ACLEI corruption issues                                            161

Division 1—Referring ACLEI corruption issues to Minister              161

153........ Integrity Commissioner and ACLEI staff notifying Minister of ACLEI corruption issues      161

154........ Referral of ACLEI corruption issues by other persons................... 161

155........ Person may elect to be kept informed.............................................. 162

Division 2—How Minister deals with ACLEI corruption issues        163

156........ How Minister may deal with ACLEI corruption issues.................. 163

157........ Qualification to conduct special investigation.................................. 165

158........ Counsel assisting special investigator............................................. 165

Division 3—Investigation by Integrity Commissioner                            166

159........ Application of Division................................................................... 166

160........ Investigation and investigative powers............................................ 166

161........ Keeping Minister, and person who referred ACLEI corruption issue, informed of progress of the investigation    167

162........ Report on investigation................................................................... 168

163........ Integrity Commissioner to give report to Minister.......................... 169

164........ Advising person who referred allegation or information about the outcome of the investigation             170

165........ Advising person whose conduct is investigated of outcome of the investigation     171

Division 4—Special investigations                                                                      173

166........ Application of Part.......................................................................... 173

167........ Investigation and investigative powers............................................ 173

168........ Keeping Minister, and person who referred ACLEI corruption issue, informed of progress of the investigation    174

169........ Report on investigation................................................................... 175

170........ Special investigator to give report to Minister................................. 176

171........ Minister may direct Integrity Commissioner to consider taking action 177

172........ Advising person who referred allegation or information about the outcome of the investigation             178

173........ Advising person whose conduct is investigated of outcome of the investigation     179

Division 5—Staff members of ACLEI to report corrupt conduct    180

174........ Staff members of ACLEI to report corrupt conduct........................ 180

Part 13—Administrative provisions                                                                         182

Division 1—Appointment etc. of Integrity Commissioner                    182

175........ Appointment of Integrity Commissioner......................................... 182

176........ Judge may be appointed as Integrity Commissioner....................... 183

177........ Acting appointment......................................................................... 184

178........ Remuneration.................................................................................. 184

179........ Leave............................................................................................... 185

180........ Outside employment....................................................................... 185

181........ Other terms and conditions............................................................. 185

182........ Resignation..................................................................................... 185

183........ Termination of employment............................................................ 186

184........ Disclosure of interests..................................................................... 186

Division 2—Appointment etc. of Assistant Integrity Commissioners 187

185........ Appointment of Assistant Integrity Commissioners....................... 187

186........ Judge may be appointed as an Assistant Integrity Commissioner... 188

187........ Acting appointments....................................................................... 189

188........ Remuneration.................................................................................. 189

189........ Leave............................................................................................... 190

190........ Outside employment....................................................................... 190

191........ Other terms and conditions............................................................. 191

192........ Resignation..................................................................................... 191

193........ Termination of employment............................................................ 191

194........ Disclosure of interests..................................................................... 192

Division 3—The Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity           193

195........ Establishment.................................................................................. 193

196........ Function.......................................................................................... 193

197........ Staff................................................................................................ 193

198........ Engagement of consultants.............................................................. 193

199........ Secondment of persons to assist Integrity Commissioner............... 194

200........ Counsel assisting Integrity Commissioner...................................... 195

Division 4—Public reporting                                                                                 196

201........ Annual report.................................................................................. 196

202........ Inter-Governmental Committee comments on annual report........... 197

203........ Reports on investigations and public inquiries................................ 198

204........ Special reports................................................................................. 199

205........ Inter-Governmental Committee comments on special report in relation to ACC      200

206........ Contents of annual or special report................................................ 200

Division 5—Confidentiality requirements                                                      202

207........ Confidentiality requirements for ACLEI staff................................. 202

208........ Exceptions to confidentiality requirements...................................... 203

209........ Disclosure by Integrity Commissioner in public interest etc........... 205

210........ Opportunity to be heard.................................................................. 205

211........ ACLEI staff generally not compellable in court proceedings.......... 206

Part 14—Parliamentary Joint Committee on the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity                                                                                                                                     208

212........ Definitions...................................................................................... 208

213........ Joint Committee on the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity      208

214........ Powers and proceedings of the Committee..................................... 209

215........ Duties of the Committee.................................................................. 209

216........ Disclosure to Committee by Integrity Commissioner...................... 210

217........ Disclosure to Committee by Minister.............................................. 212

218........ Ombudsman to brief committee about controlled operations........... 212

Part 15—Miscellaneous                                                                                                   213

219........ Delegation....................................................................................... 213

220........ Offence of victimisation.................................................................. 213

221........ Legal and financial assistance in relation to applications for administrative review  214

222........ Immunity from civil proceedings.................................................... 215

223........ Immunities from certain State and Territory laws............................ 216

223A..... Review of operation of Act............................................................. 216

224........ Regulations..................................................................................... 217



This Bill originated in the House of Representatives; and, having this day passed, is now ready for presentation to the Senate for its concurrence.

I.C. HARRIS

Clerk of the House of Representatives

House of Representatives

21 June 2006

A Bill for an Act to provide for the appointment of the Integrity Commissioner, to set out the functions and powers of the Integrity Commissioner, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts: