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Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Bill 2006

Part 12 Dealing with ACLEI corruption issues

Division 1 Referring ACLEI corruption issues to Minister

153   Integrity Commissioner and ACLEI staff notifying Minister of ACLEI corruption issues

             (1)  If the Integrity Commissioner becomes aware of an ACLEI corruption issue that relates to the conduct of another person who is, or has been, a staff member of ACLEI, the Integrity Commissioner must, as soon as practicable after becoming aware of the issue notify the Minister of the issue in writing.

Note 1:       Failure to notify the Minister is an offence under subsection 174(1).

Note 2:       Staff members of ACLEI have an obligation to notify the Integrity Commissioner of ACLEI corruption issues: see subsection 174(5).

             (2)  If a staff member of ACLEI (other than the Integrity Commissioner) becomes aware of an ACLEI corruption issue that relates to the conduct of the person who is the Integrity Commissioner, the staff member must, as soon as practicable after becoming aware of the issue, notify the Minister of the issue in writing.

Note:          Failure to notify the Minister is an offence under subsection 174(3).

             (3)  A notification given under this section is not a legislative instrument.

154   Referral of ACLEI corruption issues by other persons

             (1)  A person (other than a staff member of ACLEI) may refer to the Minister an allegation, or information, that raises an ACLEI corruption issue.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1):

                     (a)  the person may refer the allegation or information anonymously; and

                     (b)  the person may refer the allegation or information either orally or in writing.

             (3)  If the person refers the allegation or information orally, the Minister may require the person to put the allegation or information in writing.

             (4)  If the person is asked to put the allegation or information in writing, the Minister may refuse to deal with the ACLEI corruption issue raised by the allegation or information until the allegation or the information is put in writing.

             (5)  Nothing in this section limits a person’s right to make a complaint to the Ombudsman in relation to action taken by the Integrity Commissioner or a staff member of ACLEI.

155   Person may elect to be kept informed

             (1)  If a person refers an allegation or information to the Minister under section 154, the Minister must ask the person to elect whether or not to be kept informed of the action taken in relation to the ACLEI corruption issue raised by the allegation or information.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person refers the allegation or information anonymously.

             (3)  If the person fails to make an election when asked to do so, the person is taken to have elected not to be kept informed of the action taken in relation to the ACLEI corruption issue.

             (4)  If the person elects to be kept informed of the action taken in relation to the ACLEI corruption issue, the person may revoke the election at any time by notice to:

                     (a)  the Minister; or

                     (b)  the person conducting the investigation of the issue.



 

Division 2 How Minister deals with ACLEI corruption issues

156   How Minister may deal with ACLEI corruption issues

Application of section

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  the Integrity Commissioner, or another staff member of ACLEI, notifies the Minister of an ACLEI corruption issue under section 153; or

                     (b)  a person refers an allegation, or information, that raises an ACLEI corruption issue to the Minister under section 154; or

                     (c)  the Minister otherwise becomes aware of an ACLEI corruption issue.

How Minister may deal with ACLEI corruption issue

             (2)  The Minister may:

                     (a)  refer the ACLEI corruption issue to the Integrity Commissioner for investigation under Division 3; or

                     (b)  authorise a person to conduct a special investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue under Division 4; or

                     (c)  decide to take no further action in relation to the ACLEI corruption issue.

             (3)  The Minister must not refer the ACLEI corruption issue to the Integrity Commissioner for investigation under Division 3 if the ACLEI corruption issue relates to the conduct of a person who is a member of the staff referred to in section 197 (persons appointed or employed under the Public Service Act 1999 ).

             (4)  The Minister may, at any time, reconsider how the ACLEI corruption issue should be dealt with.

             (5)  If the Minister decides:

                     (a)  to authorises a person under paragraph (2)(b) to conduct a special investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue under Division 4; or

                     (b)  to take no further action in relation to the ACLEI corruption issue;

the Minister must notify the Integrity Commissioner of the decision.

Integrity Commissioner to pass on information and documents to special investigator

             (6)  The Integrity Commissioner must, as soon as practicable after being notified of an authorisation under paragraph (2)(b), give the person authorised to conduct the special investigation any information or document that:

                     (a)  relates to the ACLEI corruption issue; and

                     (b)  is in the possession, or under the control, of the Integrity Commissioner.

Note:          Under subsection (9), the Integrity Commissioner has a continuing obligation to pass on information that the Integrity Commissioner becomes aware of and that relates to the ACLEI corruption issue.

             (7)  Subsection (6) has effect subject to section 152 (which deals with section 149 certified information).

             (8)  The Integrity Commissioner may give the original or a copy of a document.

             (9)  If:

                     (a)  the Minister notifies the Integrity Commissioner that the Minister has authorised a person under paragraph (2)(b) to conduct a special investigation of an ACLEI corruption issue; and

                     (b)  the Integrity Commissioner becomes aware of information that is relevant to the issue; and

                     (c)  the person conducting the investigation does not already have the information;

the Integrity Commissioner must give the information to the person.

           (10)  Subsection (9) has effect subject to section 152 (which deals with section 149 certified information).

157   Qualification to conduct special investigation

                   The Minister must not authorise a person under paragraph 156(2)(b) to conduct a special investigation under Division 4 unless the person:

                     (a)  is enrolled as a legal practitioner; and

                     (b)  has been enrolled as a legal practitioner for at least 5 years.

158   Counsel assisting special investigator

                   The Minister may appoint a legal practitioner to assist a special investigator as counsel in relation to a special investigation.



 

Division 3 Investigation by Integrity Commissioner

159   Application of Division

                   This Division applies if the Minister refers an ACLEI corruption issue to the Integrity Commissioner for investigation under this Division.

160   Investigation and investigative powers

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (4), Division 1 of Part 6 (other than section 49) and Parts 9 and 10 apply in relation to the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue by the Integrity Commissioner as if the following substitutions were made:

 

Substitutions to be made

Item

For a reference to...

substitute a reference to...

1

a corruption issue

an ACLEI corruption issue

2

a staff member of a law enforcement agency

a staff member of ACLEI

3

a law enforcement agency

ACLEI

4

a report under section 54

a report under section 162

             (2)  The provisions referred to in subsection (1) apply in relation to the investigation with such further modifications as are specified in the regulations.

             (3)  For the purposes of applying section 86 in relation to the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue by the Integrity Commissioner, subsection 86(3) applies as if subparagraph 86(3)(c)(i) were omitted.

             (4)  Subsections 144(2), (5) and (6) and 145(2), (5) and (6) do not apply in relation to the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue.

             (5)  If the Integrity Commissioner proposes to take action under section 142 or 143 in relation to the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue, the Integrity Commissioner need not consult a person under subsection 144(3) or (4), or inform a person under subsection 145(3) or (4), if doing so would be likely to prejudice:

                     (a)  the investigation of the issue or another corruption investigation; or

                     (b)  any action taken as a result of an investigation referred to in paragraph (a).

             (6)  If the Integrity Commissioner does not consult or inform a person because of subsection (5), the Integrity Commissioner must:

                     (a)  inform the Minister that the person has not been consulted or informed; and

                     (b)  give the Minister the Integrity Commissioner’s reasons for not consulting or informing the person.

161   Keeping Minister, and person who referred ACLEI corruption issue, informed of progress of the investigation

             (1)  The Integrity Commissioner must take such steps as the Integrity Commissioner considers reasonable to keep the Minister informed of the progress of the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person refers the allegation, or information, that raises the ACLEI corruption issue to the Minister under section 154; and

                     (b)  the Integrity Commissioner investigates the issue; and

                     (c)  the person elects under section 155 to be kept informed of the action taken in relation to the issue and has not revoked the election;

the Integrity Commissioner must take such steps as the Integrity Commissioner considers reasonable to keep the person informed of the progress of the investigation of the issue.

162   Report on investigation

Report and its contents

             (1)  After completing the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue, the Integrity Commissioner must prepare a report on the investigation.

             (2)  The report must set out:

                     (a)  the Integrity Commissioner’s findings on the ACLEI corruption issue; and

                     (b)  the evidence and other material on which those findings are based; and

                     (c)  any action that the Integrity Commissioner has taken, or proposes to take, in relation to the issue.

This subsection has effect subject to subsections (4), (5) and (6).

Note:          See section 51 (as applied by section 160) for the need for the Integrity Commissioner to give certain people an opportunity to be heard before including critical statements in a report.

             (3)  Without limiting paragraph (2)(c), the action that the Integrity Commissioner may take in relation to the ACLEI corruption issue includes:

                     (a)  taking action in relation to a staff member of ACLEI with a view to the staff member improving his or her performance; or

                     (b)  terminating:

                              (i)  the secondment to ACLEI; or

                             (ii)  the engagement as consultant to ACLEI;

                            of a staff member of ACLEI; or

                     (c)  taking action to rectify or mitigate the effects of the conduct of a staff member of ACLEI; or

                     (d)  adopting measures to remedy deficiencies in policy or practice that facilitated:

                              (i)  an unsuitable person becoming a staff member of ACLEI; or

                             (ii)  a staff member of ACLEI engaging in corrupt conduct; or

                            (iii)  the failure to detect corrupt conduct engaged in by a staff member of ACLEI.

Section 149 certified information and sensitive information

             (4)  The Integrity Commissioner must exclude section 149 certified information from the report if one or more public hearings were held in the investigation to which the report relates.

Note:          Under section 203, the report must be laid before each House of the Parliament.

             (5)  The Integrity Commissioner may exclude information from the report if the Integrity Commissioner is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the information is sensitive information or section 149 certified information; and

                     (b)  it is desirable in the circumstances to exclude the information from the report.

             (6)  In deciding whether to exclude information from the report prepared under subsection (5), the Integrity Commissioner must seek to achieve an appropriate balance between:

                     (a)  the public interest that would be served by including the information in the report; and

                     (b)  the prejudicial consequences that might result from including the information in the report.

Supplementary report

             (7)  If the Integrity Commissioner excludes information from a report prepared under subsection (4) or (5), the Integrity Commissioner must prepare a supplementary report that sets out:

                     (a)  the information; and

                     (b)  the reasons for excluding the information from the report prepared under subsection (4) or (5).

163   Integrity Commissioner to give report to Minister

                   The Integrity Commissioner must give the Minister:

                     (a)  the report prepared under subsection 162(1); and

                     (b)  if a supplementary report is prepared under subsection 162(7) in relation to the investigation—the supplementary report.

Note:          Section 203 provides that the Minister must lay a copy of the report prepared under subsection 162(1) before each House of the Parliament if a public hearing has been held in the course of the investigation to which the report relates. The Minister is not required, however, to lay a copy of a supplementary report under subsection 162(7) before each House of the Parliament.

164   Advising person who referred allegation or information about the outcome of the investigation

             (1)  If a person:

                     (a)  refers an allegation, or information, that raises an ACLEI corruption issue under section 154; and

                     (b)  elects under section 155 to be kept informed of the action taken in relation to the ACLEI corruption issue and has not revoked the election;

the Integrity Commissioner must advise the person who referred the allegation or information of the outcome of the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue.

             (2)  However, the Integrity Commissioner need not advise the person if the Integrity Commissioner is satisfied that doing so is likely to prejudice:

                     (a)  the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue or another corruption investigation; or

                     (b)  any action taken as a result of an investigation referred to in paragraph (a).

             (3)  If the Integrity Commissioner advises the person who referred the allegation or information that raises the ACLEI corruption issue, the Integrity Commissioner may do so by giving the person a copy of the whole or a part of the report prepared in relation to the investigation under subsection 162(1).

             (4)  The Integrity Commissioner:

                     (a)  must not disclose section 149 certified information to the person if the disclosure of the information to the person would be contravene the certificate issued under section 149; and

                     (b)  may exclude information from the advice if the Integrity Commissioner is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the information is sensitive information; and

                             (ii)  it is desirable in the circumstances to exclude the information from the advice.

             (5)  In deciding whether to exclude information from the advice under paragraph (4)(b), the Integrity Commissioner must seek to achieve an appropriate balance between:

                     (a)  the person’s interest in having the information included in the advice; and

                     (b)  the prejudicial consequences that might result from including the information in the advice.

165   Advising person whose conduct is investigated of outcome of the investigation

             (1)  If the Integrity Commissioner investigates an ACLEI corruption issue that relates to a person who is, or has been, a staff member of ACLEI, the Integrity Commissioner may advise the person of the outcome of the investigation.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), the Integrity Commissioner may advise the person by giving the person a copy of the whole or a part of the report prepared in relation to the investigation under subsection 162(1).

             (3)  If the Integrity Commissioner advises the person, the Integrity Commissioner:

                     (a)  must not disclose section 149 certified information to the person if the disclosure of the information to the person would contravene the certificate issued under section 149; and

                     (b)  may exclude information from the advice if the Integrity Commissioner is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the information is sensitive information; and

                             (ii)  it is desirable in the circumstances to exclude the information from the advice.

             (4)  In deciding whether to exclude information from the advice under paragraph (3)(b), the Integrity Commissioner must seek to achieve an appropriate balance between:

                     (a)  the person’s interest in having the information included in the advice; and

                     (b)  the prejudicial consequences that might result from including the information in the advice.



 

Division 4 Special investigations

166   Application of Part

                   This Part applies if the Minister authorises a person (the special investigator ) to conduct a special investigation of an ACLEI corruption issue under this Division.

167   Investigation and investigative powers

             (1)  Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (4), Division 1 of Part 6 (other than section 49) and Parts 9 and 10 apply in relation to the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue by the special investigator as if the following substitutions were made:

 

Substitutions to be made

Item

For a reference to...

substitute a reference to...

1

the Integrity Commissioner

a special investigator

2

a corruption issue

an ACLEI corruption issue

3

a staff member of a law enforcement agency

a staff member of ACLEI

4

a law enforcement agency

ACLEI

5

a report under section 54

a report under section 169

             (2)  The provisions referred to in subsection (1) apply in relation to the investigation with such further modifications as are specified in the regulations.

             (3)  For the purposes of applying section 86 in relation to the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue by the special investigator, subsection 86(3) applies as if subparagraph 86(3)(c)(i) were omitted.

             (4)  Subsections 144(2), (5) and (6) and 145(2), (5) and (6) do not apply to the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue by the special investigator.

             (5)  If the special investigator proposes to take action under section 142 or 143 in relation to the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue, the special investigator need not consult a person under subsection 142(3) or (4), or inform a person under subsection 145(3) or (4), if doing so would be likely to prejudice:

                     (a)  the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue or another corruption investigation; or

                     (b)  any action taken as a result of an investigation referred to in paragraph (a).

             (6)  If a special investigator does not consult or inform a person because of subsection (5), the special investigator must:

                     (a)  inform the Minister that the person has not been consulted or informed; and

                     (b)  give the Minister the Integrity Commissioner’s reasons for not consulting or informing the person.

168   Keeping Minister, and person who referred ACLEI corruption issue, informed of progress of the investigation

             (1)  The special investigator must take such steps as the special investigator considers reasonable to keep the Minister informed of the progress of the special investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  a person refers to the Minister an allegation, or information, that raises an ACLEI corruption issue under section 154; and

                     (b)  a special investigator investigates the issue; and

                     (c)  the person elects under section 155 to be kept informed of the action taken in relation to the issue and has not revoked the election;

the special investigator must take such steps as the special investigator considers reasonable to keep the person informed of the progress of the investigation of the issue.

169   Report on investigation

Report and its contents

             (1)  After completing the special investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue, the special investigator must prepare a report on the special investigation.

             (2)  The report must set out:

                     (a)  the special investigator’s findings on the ACLEI corruption issue; and

                     (b)  the evidence and other material on which those findings are based; and

                     (c)  any recommendations to the Minister or Integrity Commissioner that the special investigator thinks fit to make and, if recommendations are made, the reasons for those recommendations.

This subsection has effect subject to subsections (4), (5) and (6).

Note:          See section 51 (as applied by section 167) for the need for the special investigator to give certain people an opportunity to be heard before including critical statements in a report.

             (3)  Without limiting paragraph (2)(c), the special investigator may recommend that the Integrity Commissioner consider:

                     (a)  taking action in relation to a staff member of ACLEI with a view to the staff member improving his or her performance; or

                     (b)  terminating the employment, or the secondment to ACLEI, of a staff member of ACLEI; or

                     (c)  taking action to rectify or mitigate the effects of the conduct of a staff member of ACLEI; or

                     (d)  adopting measures to remedy deficiencies in policy or practice that facilitated:

                              (i)  an unsuitable person becoming a staff member of ACLEI; or

                             (ii)  a staff member of ACLEI engaging in corrupt conduct; or

                            (iii)  the failure to detect corrupt conduct engaged in by a staff member of ACLEI.

Section 149 certified information and sensitive information

             (4)  The special investigator must exclude section 149 certified information from the report if one or more public hearings were held in relation to the investigation to which the report relates.

Note:          Under section 203, the report must be laid before each House of the Parliament.

             (5)  The special investigator may exclude information from the report if the special investigator is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the information is sensitive information or section 149 certified information; and

                     (b)  it is desirable in the circumstances to exclude the information from the report.

             (6)  In deciding whether to exclude information from the report prepared under subsection (5), the special investigator must seek to achieve an appropriate balance between:

                     (a)  the public interest that would be served by including the information in the report; and

                     (b)  the prejudicial consequences that might result from including the information in the report.

Supplementary report

             (7)  If the special investigator excludes information from a report prepared under subsection (4) or (5), the special investigator must prepare a supplementary report that sets out:

                     (a)  the information; or

                     (b)  the reasons for excluding the information from the report prepared under subsection (4) or (5).

170   Special investigator to give report to Minister

             (1)  The special investigator must give the Minister:

                     (a)  the report prepared under subsection 169(1); and

                     (b)  if a supplementary report is prepared under subsection 169(7) in relation to the investigation—the supplementary report.

Note:          Section 203 provides that the Minister must lay a copy of the report prepared under subsection 169(1) before each House of the Parliament if a public hearing has been held in the course of the investigation to which the report relates. The Minister is not required, however, to lay a copy of a supplementary report under subsection 169(7) before each House of the Parliament.

             (2)  The Minister must give a copy of the report, and the supplementary report (if any), to the Integrity Commissioner.

171   Minister may direct Integrity Commissioner to consider taking action

Minister may give direction to Integrity Commissioner

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  the Minister authorises a person under paragraph 156(2)(b) to conduct a special investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue under Division 4; and

                     (b)  the person gives the Minister the report prepared under section 169 in relation to the special investigation;

the Minister may direct the Integrity Commissioner:

                     (c)  to consider whether action should be taken to terminate the appointment, or the secondment to ACLEI, of a person referred to in the report; or

                     (d)  to consider whether disciplinary proceedings should be taken against a person referred to in the report.

             (2)  The Integrity Commissioner must comply with a direction under subsection (1).

             (3)  If the direction under subsection (1) relates to a member of the staff referred to in section 197 (persons appointed or employed under the Public Service Act 1999 ), the Integrity Commissioner must, in giving effect to the direction, also comply with:

                     (a)  section 15 of the Public Service Act 1999 ; and

                     (b)  regulations made for the purposes of that section; and

                     (c)  procedures established and directions given under that section.

Direction is not a legislative instrument

             (4)  A direction given to the Integrity Commissioner under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

172   Advising person who referred allegation or information about the outcome of the investigation

             (1)  If a person:

                     (a)  refers an allegation, or information, that raises an ACLEI corruption issue under section 154; and

                     (b)  the person elects under section 155 to be kept informed of the action taken in relation to the ACLEI corruption issue and has not revoked the election;

the special investigator must advise the person of the outcome of the special investigation.

             (2)  However, the special investigator need not advise the person if the special investigator is satisfied that doing so is likely to prejudice:

                     (a)  the investigation of the ACLEI corruption issue or another corruption investigation; or

                     (b)  any action taken as a result of an investigation referred to in paragraph (a).

             (3)  If the special investigator advises the person, the special investigator may do so by giving the person a copy of the whole or a part of the report prepared in relation to the special investigation under subsection 169(1).

             (4)  The special investigator:

                     (a)  must not disclose section 149 certified information to the person if the disclosure of the information to the person would contravene the certificate issued under section 149; and

                     (b)  may exclude information from the advice if the special investigator is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the information is sensitive information; and

                             (ii)  it is desirable in the circumstances to exclude the information from the advice.

             (5)  In deciding whether to exclude information from the advice under paragraph (4)(b), the special investigator must seek to achieve an appropriate balance between:

                     (a)  the person’s interest in having the information included in the advice; and

                     (b)  the prejudicial consequences that might result from including the information in the advice.

173   Advising person whose conduct is investigated of outcome of the investigation

             (1)  If a special investigator investigates an ACLEI corruption issue that relates to a person who is, or has been, a staff member of ACLEI, the special investigator may advise the person of the outcome of the special investigation.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), a special investigator may advise the person by giving the person a copy of the whole or a part of the report prepared in relation to the special investigation under subsection 169(1).

             (3)  If a special investigator advises the person, the special investigator:

                     (a)  must not disclose section 149 certified information to the person if the disclosure of the information to the person would contravene the certificate issued under section 149; and

                     (b)  may exclude information from the advice if the special investigator is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the information is sensitive information; and

                             (ii)  it is desirable in the circumstances to exclude the information from the advice.

             (4)  In deciding whether to exclude information from the advice under paragraph (3)(b), the special investigator must seek to achieve an appropriate balance between:

                     (a)  the person’s interest in having the information included in the advice; and

                     (b)  the prejudicial consequences that might result from including the information in the advice.



 

Division 5 Staff members of ACLEI to report corrupt conduct

174   Staff members of ACLEI to report corrupt conduct

             (1)  The Integrity Commissioner commits an offence if the Integrity Commissioner:

                     (a)  becomes aware of an ACLEI corruption issue that relates to the conduct of a person who is, or has been, a staff member of ACLEI (other than the Integrity Commissioner himself or herself); and

                     (b)  does not, as soon as practicable after becoming aware of the ACLEI corruption issue, notify the Minister of the issue in writing.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the Integrity Commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that the Minister has already been notified of the ACLEI corruption issue.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code .

             (3)  A person commits an offence if the person:

                     (a)  is a staff member of ACLEI (other than the Integrity Commissioner); and

                     (b)  becomes aware of an ACLEI corruption issue that relates to the conduct of the person who is the Integrity Commissioner; and

                     (c)  does not, as soon as practicable after becoming aware of the ACLEI corruption issue, notify the Minister of the issue in writing.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not apply if the person has reasonable grounds to believe that the Minister has already been notified of the ACLEI corruption issue.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code .

             (5)  A person (the first person ) commits an offence if the first person:

                     (a)  is a staff member of ACLEI (other than the Integrity Commissioner); and

                     (b)  becomes aware of an ACLEI corruption issue that relates to the conduct of another person who is, or has been, a staff member of ACLEI (other than the person who is the Integrity Commissioner); and

                     (c)  does not, as soon as practicable after becoming aware of the ACLEI corruption issue, notify the Integrity Commissioner of the issue in writing.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

             (6)  Subsection (5) does not apply if the person has reasonable grounds to believe that the Integrity Commissioner, has already been notified of the ACLEI corruption issue.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (6): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code .

             (7)  A notification given under this section is not a legislative instrument.