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Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Bill 2006

Part 3-4 Names

Division 82 Introduction

82-1   What this Part is about

This Part deals with the names requirement (Division 85) and how a name is changed (Division 88).



 

Division 85 What names may a corporation have?

85-1   Corporation’s name requirements

             (1)  The requirements concerning an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation’s name are set out in the following subsections.

             (2)  The corporation may have as its name:

                     (a)  a name that is available (see section 85-5); or

                     (b)  the expression “Indigenous Corporation Number” followed by the corporation’s ICN.

             (3)  The corporation must have as part of its name one of the following sets of words:

                     (a)  “Aboriginal corporation”;

                     (b)  “Torres Strait Islander corporation”;

                     (c)  “Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation”;

                     (d)  “Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal corporation”;

                     (e)  “Indigenous corporation”.

             (4)  If the corporation is a registered native title body corporate, then the corporation must also have as part of its name the words “registered native title body corporate”.

             (5)  If abbreviations are used in its name, the corporation must use only the abbreviations that are acceptable (see section 85-10).

             (6)  If the corporation is not a registered native title body corporate the corporation must not:

                     (a)  have the term “registered native title body corporate” as part of its name; or

                     (b)  include the abbreviation “RNTBC” in its name.

             (7)  The requirements must be met by an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation at all times after registration.

Note:          The requirements must be complied with on registration of an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation (see section 29-25).

85-5   Available names

Name is available unless identical or unacceptable

             (1)  A name is available unless the name is:

                     (a)  identical (under rules set out in the regulations) to a name that is:

                              (i)  used in an application for registration under this Act; or

                             (ii)  registered under this Act for another Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation; or

                            (iii)  registered under the Corporations Act; or

                            (iv)  reserved for a company under section 152 of the Corporations Act; or

                     (b)  identical (under rules set out in the regulations) to a name that is included on the national business names register in respect of another individual or body who is not the person applying to have the name; or

                     (c)  unacceptable for registration under the regulations.

Registrar may consent to a name being available

             (2)  The Registrar may consent in writing to a name being available to a corporation even if the name is:

                     (a)  identical to a name:

                              (i)  that is used in another current application for registration under this Act; or

                             (ii)  registered under this Act for another Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation; or

                            (iii)  registered under the Corporations Act; or

                            (iv)  reserved for a company under section 152 of the Corporations Act; or

                             (v)  that is included on the national business names register; or

                     (b)  unacceptable for registration under the regulations.

             (3)  The Registrar’s consent may be given subject to conditions.

Note:          If the corporation breaches a condition, the Registrar may direct it to change its name under section 88-5.

             (4)  The regulations may specify that a particular unacceptable name is available if:

                     (a)  a specified public authority, or an instrumentality or agency of the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, a State or an internal Territory has consented to the corporation using or assuming the name; or

                     (b)  the corporation is otherwise permitted to use or assume the name by or under:

                              (i)  an Act of the Commonwealth, a State or an internal Territory; or

                             (ii)  a specified provision of an Act of the Commonwealth, a State or an internal Territory.

The consent of the authority, instrumentality or agency may be given subject to conditions.

Note:          If the consent is withdrawn, the corporation ceases to be permitted or the corporation breaches a condition, the Registrar may direct it to change its name under section 88-5.

85-10   Acceptable abbreviations

             (1)  The abbreviations set out in the following table may be used:

                     (a)  instead of words that this Act requires to be part of an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation’s name, or to be included in a document or on an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation’s common seal; and

                     (b)  instead of words that are part of an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation’s name; and

                     (c)  with or without full stops.

 

Acceptable abbreviations

 

 

Word

Abbreviation

1

Australian

Aust

2

Number

No

3

and

&

4

Indigenous Corporation Number

ICN

5

Australian Business Number

ABN

6

registered native title body corporate

RNTBC

             (2)  If an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation’s name includes any of these abbreviations, the word corresponding to the abbreviation may be used instead.

85-15   Using a name and ICN on documents

             (1)  An Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation must set out its name on all its public documents and negotiable instruments.

             (2)  Subject to sections 85-20 and 85-25, if the corporation’s ICN is not used in its name, the corporation must also set out with its name, or with one of the references to its name, the expression “Indigenous Corporation Number” followed by the corporation’s ICN.

             (3)  If the corporation’s name appears on 2 or more pages of the document or instrument, this must be done on the first of those pages.

Note 1:       If an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation has a common seal, its name and ICN must be set out on the seal (see section 42-25).

Note 2:       An Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation that is registered as a large corporation must display its name at its registered office and at places at which the corporation carries on business (see section 112-15).

Note 3:       Section 85-10 provides that “ICN” is an acceptable abbreviation of “Indigenous Corporation Number”.

             (4)  An Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation commits an offence if it contravenes subsection (1), (2) or (3).

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

85-20   Exception to requirement to have ICN on receipts

                   An Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation does not have to set out the expression “Indigenous Corporation Number” followed by its ICN on a receipt (for example, a cash register receipt) that sets out information recorded in the machine that produced the receipt.

85-25   Regulations may exempt from requirement to set out information on documents

                   The regulations may exempt an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation, or a specified class of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation, from the requirement in subsection 85-15(2) to set out information on its public documents and negotiable instruments.



 

Division 88 How is a corporation’s name changed?

88-1   Corporation changing its name

             (1)  If an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation wants to change its name, it must:

                     (a)  pass a special resolution adopting a new name; and

                     (b)  lodge an application in writing with the Registrar.

             (2)  The corporation must lodge:

                     (a)  a copy of the special resolution; and

                     (b)  a copy of those parts of the minutes of the meeting at which the special resolution was passed that relate to the passing of the special resolution;

with the Registrar within 28 days after the resolution is passed.

Penalty:  5 penalty units.

Note:          See also section 265-40 for offences committed by the secretary of an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation.

             (3)  An offence against subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (4)  If the proposed name complies with the requirements in section 85-1, the Registrar must change the corporation’s name by altering the details of the corporation’s registration to reflect the change. The change of name takes effect when the Registrar alters the details of the corporation’s registration.

88-5   Registrar’s power to direct corporation to change its name

             (1)  The Registrar may direct an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation in writing to change its name within 2 months if:

                     (a)  the name should not have been registered; or

                     (b)  the corporation has breached a condition under subsection 85-5(3) on the availability of the name; or

                     (c)  a consent given under subsection 85-5(4) to use or assume the name has been withdrawn; or

                     (d)  the corporation has breached a condition on a consent given under subsection 85-5(4); or

                     (e)  the corporation ceases to be permitted to use or assume the name (as referred to in paragraph 85-5(4)(b)).

             (2)  The corporation must comply with the direction within 2 months after being given it by doing everything necessary to change its name under section 88-1.

Penalty:  50 penalty units or 12 months imprisonment, or both.

             (3)  If the corporation does not comply with subsection (2), the Register may change the corporation’s name to its ICN and any other words that section 85-1 requires, by altering the details of the corporation’s registration to reflect the change.

             (4)  A change of name under subsection (3) takes effect when the Registrar alters the details of the corporation’s registration.

             (5)  An offence against subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (6)  A direction under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

88-10   If Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation becomes a registered native title body corporate

Notice required

             (1)  If an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation becomes a registered native title body corporate, the corporation must, within 28 days after becoming registered, notify the Registrar in writing accordingly.

Registrar to change registration

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar is notified under subsection (1) that the corporation has become a registered native title body corporate; or

                     (b)  the Registrar otherwise becomes aware of that fact;

the Registrar must change the corporation’s name by altering the details of the corporation’s registration to include the words “registered native title body corporate” in the corporation’s name.

When name change takes effect

             (3)  A change of name under subsection (2) takes effect when the Registrar alters the details of the corporation’s registration.

88-15   If Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation ceases to be a registered native title body corporate

Notice required

             (1)  If an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation that is a registered native title body corporate ( RNTBC ) ceases to be a RNTBC, the corporation must, within 28 days after ceasing to be a RNTBC, notify the Registrar in writing accordingly.

Registrar to change registration

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Registrar is notified under subsection (1) that the corporation has ceased to be a RNTBC; or

                     (b)  the Registrar otherwise becomes aware of that fact;

the Registrar must change the corporation’s name by altering the details of the corporation’s registration to delete the words “registered native title body corporate” from the corporation’s name.

When name change takes effect

             (3)  A change of name under subsection (2) takes effect when the Registrar alters the details of the corporation’s registration.

88-20   Registrar must issue new certificate if name changes

             (1)  If the Registrar changes an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation’s name, he or she must give to the corporation a new certificate of registration. The corporation’s new name is the name specified in the certificate of registration issued under this section.

Note 1:       An Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation’s name may be changed under section 88-1, 88-5, 88-10 or 88-15.

Note 2:       For the evidentiary value of a certificate of registration, see subsection 424-5(2).

             (2)  A certificate under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

88-25   Effect of name change

             (1)  The changing of an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation’s name does not:

                     (a)  create a new legal entity; or

                     (b)  affect the corporation’s existing property, rights or obligations; or

                     (c)  render defective any legal proceedings by or against the corporation.

             (2)  Any legal proceedings that could have been continued or begun by or against the corporation in its former name may be continued or begun by or against it in its new name.