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Broadcasting Services Amendment (Online Services) Bill 1999

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1998-99

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

THE SENATE

 

 

Broadcasting Services Amendment (Online Services) Bill 1999

 

 

(Amendments to be moved on behalf of the Government)

 

(1)     Schedule 1, item 4, page 3 (line 24), omit “, in the opinion of the ABA”.

[Section 4—regulatory policy]

(2)     Schedule 1, item 4, page 3 (line 26), omit “unnecessary”, substitute “undue”.

[Section 4—regulatory policy]

(3)     Schedule 1, item 4, page 4 (line 2), omit “community.”, substitute “community; and”.

[Section 4—regulatory policy]

(4)     Schedule 1, item 4, page 4 (after line 2), at the end of subsection (3), add:

                            (iii)  the supply of internet carriage services at performance standards that reasonably meet the social, industrial and commercial needs of the Australian community.

[Section 4—regulatory policy]

(5)     Schedule 1, item 10, page 5 (before line 11), before clause 1, insert:

1A  Explanation of the context of this Schedule

             (1)  This clause explains, in simplified form, the context of this Schedule within the proposed Australian scheme for dealing with content on the Internet.

This Schedule

             (2)  The first component of the proposed scheme is this Schedule, which regulates Internet service providers and Internet content hosts, but does not impose any obligations on:

                     (a)  producers of content; or

                     (b)  persons who upload or access content.

State/Territory laws and section 85ZE of the Crimes Act 1914

             (3)  The second component of the proposed scheme will be:

                     (a)  State/Territory laws that impose obligations on:

                              (i)  producers of content; and

                             (ii)  persons who upload or access content; and

                     (b)  section 85ZE of the Crimes Act 1914 .

Non-legislative initiatives

             (4)  The third component of the proposed scheme will be a range of non-legislative initiatives directed towards:

                     (a)  monitoring content on the Internet; and

                     (b)  educating and advising the public about content on the Internet.

[Clause 1A of Schedule 5—explanation of the context of this Schedule]

(6)     Schedule 1, item 10, page 7 (after line 30), after the definition of Australian police force , insert:

business day means a day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday or a public holiday in the place concerned.

[Clause 2 of Schedule 5—definition of business day]

(7)     Schedule 1, item 10, page 9 (lines 14 and 15), omit “does not include information that is transmitted in the form of a broadcasting service.”, substitute:

does not include:

                     (c)  ordinary electronic mail; or

                     (d)  information that is transmitted in the form of a broadcasting service.

[Clause 2 of Schedule 5—definition of Internet content]

(8)     Schedule 1, item 10, page 9 (after line 21), after the definition of online provider rule , insert:

ordinary electronic mail does not include a posting to a newsgroup.

[Clause 2 of Schedule 5—definition of ordinary electronic mail]

(9)     Schedule 1, item 10, page 10 (lines 13 to 15), omit subclause (3), substitute:

             (3)  An instrument under subclause (1) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 .

[Clause 3 of Schedule 5—restricted access system]

(10)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 20 (lines 6 to 10), omit subclause (1), substitute:

Complaints about access to prohibited content or potential prohibited content

             (1)  If a person has reason to believe that end-users in Australia can access prohibited content or potential prohibited content using an Internet carriage service, the person may make a complaint to the ABA about the matter.

[Clause 20 of Schedule 5—complaints]

(11)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 27 (line 34) to page 28 (line 1) omit “substantially similar to”, substitute “the same as, or substantially similar to,”.

[Clause 34 of Schedule 5—anti-avoidance—special take-down notices]

(12)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 28 (line 14), omit “within 24 hours”, substitute “by 6 pm on the next business day”.

[Clause 35 of Schedule 5—compliance with rules relating to prohibited content etc.]

(13)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 28 (line 18), omit “within 24 hours”, substitute “by 6 pm on the next business day”.

[Clause 35 of Schedule 5—compliance with rules relating to prohibited content etc.]

(14)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 28 (line 22), omit “within 24 hours”, substitute “by 6 pm on the next business day”.

[Clause 35 of Schedule 5—compliance with rules relating to prohibited content etc.]

(15)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 29 (after line 1), after clause 36, insert:

36A  Application of notices under this Division

                   A notice under this Division applies to particular Internet content only to the extent to which the content is accessed, or available for access, from an Internet site, or a distinct part of an Internet site, specified in the notice.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 46(2) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 .

[Clause 36A of Schedule 5—application of notices under this Division]

(16)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 29 (lines 30 to 32), omit subclause (2), substitute:

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), in determining whether particular steps are reasonable, regard must be had to:

                     (a)  the technical and commercial feasibility of taking the steps; and

                     (b)  the matters set out in subsection 4(3).

[Clause 37 of Schedule 1—action to be taken in relation to a complaint about prohibited content hosted outside Australia]

(17)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 29 (after line 34), after subclause (3), insert:

Recognised alternative access-prevention arrangements

          (3A)  An Internet service provider is not required to comply with a standard access-prevention notice in relation to a particular end-user if access by the end-user is subject to a recognised alternative access-prevention arrangement (as defined by subclause (3B)) that is applicable to the end-user.

          (3B)  The ABA may, by written instrument, declare that a specified arrangement is a recognised alternative access-prevention arrangement for the purposes of the application of this Division to one or more specified end-users if the ABA is satisfied that the arrangement is likely to provide a reasonably effective means of preventing access by those end-users to prohibited content and potential prohibited content.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 46(2) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 .

          (3C)  The following are examples of arrangements that could be declared to be recognised alternative access-prevention arrangements under subclause (3B):

                     (a)  an arrangement that involves the use of regularly updated Internet content filtering software;

                     (b)  an arrangement that involves the use of a “family-friendly” filtered Internet carriage service.

          (3D)  An instrument under subclause (3B) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 .

[Clause 37 of Schedule 1—action to be taken in relation to a complaint about prohibited content hosted outside Australia]

(18)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 33 (line 24), omit “substantially similar to”, substitute “the same as, or substantially similar to,”.

[Clause 43 of Schedule 5—anti-avoidance—notified Internet content]

(19)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 34 (line 27), omit “substantially similar to”, substitute “the same as, or substantially similar to,”.

[Clause 44 of Schedule 5—anti-avoidance—special access-prevention notice]

(20)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 35 (lines 1 to 3), omit subclause (2), substitute:

             (2)  For the purposes of subclause (1), in determining whether particular steps are reasonable, regard must be had to:

                     (a)  the technical and commercial feasibility of taking the steps; and

                     (b)  the matters set out in subsection 4(3).

[Clause 44 of Schedule 5—anti-avoidance—special access-prevention notice]

(21)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 35 (after line 5), at the end of clause 44, add:

Recognised alternative access-prevention arrangements

             (4)  An Internet service provider is not required to comply with a special access-prevention notice in relation to a particular end-user if access by the end-user is subject to a recognised alternative access-prevention arrangement (as defined by subclause 37(3B)) that is applicable to the end-user.

[Clause 44 of Schedule 5—anti-avoidance—special access-prevention notice]

(22)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 35 (line 10), omit “within 24 hours”, substitute “by 6 pm on the next business day”.

[Clause 45 of Schedule 5—compliance with access-prevention notices]

(23)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 35 (line 15), omit “within 24 hours”, substitute “by 6 pm on the next business day”.

[Clause 45 of Schedule 5—compliance with access-prevention notices]

(24)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 35 (after line 23), after clause 46, insert:

46A  Application of notifications under this Division

                   A notification under this Division applies to particular Internet content only to the extent to which the content is accessed, or available for access, from an Internet site, or a distinct part of an Internet site, specified in the notification.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 46(2) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 .

[Clause 46A of Schedule 5—application of notifications under this Division]

(25)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 40 (after line 7), after subclause (2), insert:

Designated alternative access-prevention arrangements

          (2A)  An industry code or an industry standard may provide that an Internet service provider is not required to deal with Internet content notified under paragraph 37(1)(b) of this Schedule or clause 43 by taking steps to prevent particular end-users from accessing the content if access by the end-users is subject to an arrangement that is declared by the code or standard to be a designated alternative access-prevention arrangement for the purposes of the application of this clause to those end-users.

          (2B)  An industry code developed by a body or association must not declare that a specified arrangement is a designated alternative access-prevention arrangement for the purposes of the application of this clause to one or more specified end-users unless the body or association is satisfied that the arrangement is likely to provide a reasonably effective means of preventing access by those end-users to prohibited content and potential prohibited content.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 46(2) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 .

          (2C)  An industry standard made by the ABA must not declare that a specified arrangement is a designated alternative access-prevention arrangement for the purposes of the application of this clause to one or more specified end-users unless the ABA is satisfied that the arrangement is likely to provide a reasonably effective means of preventing access by those end-users to prohibited content and potential prohibited content.

Note:          For specification by class, see subsection 46(2) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 .

          (2D)  The following are examples of arrangements that could be declared to be designated alternative access-prevention arrangements:

                     (a)  an arrangement that involves the use of regularly updated Internet content filtering software;

                     (b)  an arrangement that involves the use of a “family-friendly” filtered Internet carriage service.

           (2E)  For the purposes of this Schedule, if an industry code:

                     (a)  deals to any extent with procedures to be followed by Internet service providers in dealing with Internet content notified under paragraph 37(1)(b) of this Schedule or clause 43; and

                     (b)  makes provision as mentioned in subclause (2A);

then:

                     (c)  the code is taken to deal with the matter set out in paragraph (2)(d); and

                     (d)  the code is taken to be consistent with subclause (2).

           (2F)  For the purposes of this Schedule, if an industry standard:

                     (a)  deals to any extent with procedures to be followed by Internet service providers in dealing with Internet content notified under paragraph 37(1)(b) of this Schedule or clause 43; and

                     (b)  makes provision as mentioned in subclause (2A);

then:

                     (c)  the standard is taken to deal with the matter set out in paragraph (2)(d); and

                     (d)  the standard is taken to be consistent with subclause (2).

[Clause 56 of Schedule 5—matters that must be dealt with by industry codes and industry standards]

(26)   Schedule 1, item 10, page 53 (after line 2), after subclause (4), insert:

          (4A)  The ABA must not make an online provider determination unless the determination relates to a matter specified in the regulations.

[Clause 76 of Schedule 5—online provider determinations]