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Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Bill 2017

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2016-2017

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Bill 2017

 

 

(1)     Clause 1, page 1 (lines 14 and 15), omit “ Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Act 2017 ”, substitute “ Marriage Amendment (Definition and Protection of Freedoms) Act 2017 ”.

[short title]

(2)     Schedule  1 , item  2 , page 5 (lines 1 to 4) , omit subparagraph ( b )( ii ) of the definition of authorised celebrant , substitute:

                             (ii)  an authorised officer.

[consequential—authorised officers]

(3)     Schedule  1 , page 5 (after line 4) , after item  2 , insert:

2A  Subsection 5(1)

Insert:

authorised officer means an officer (within the meaning of the Defence Act 1903 ), other than a chaplain, authorised by the Chief of the Defence Force under section 71A to solemnise marri ages under Division 3 of Part V.

[definition of authorised officer]

(4)     Schedule  1 , item  4 , page 5 (lines 9 to 12) , omit all the words from and including " officer ", substitute " authorised officer ".

[definition of prescribed authority]

(5)     Schedule  1 , page 5 (after line 17) , after item  5 , insert:

5A  After section 5

Insert:

5AD   Determining when a belief is held etc.

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person holds a genuine religious or conscientious belief, or genuinely believes, if the holding of the belief (inclusive of the person’s or entities beliefs as to the actions, refusals, omissions or expressions that are consistent with that belief) is not fictitious, capricious or an artifice.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, if a chaplain or an authorised officer holds a genuine religious or conscientious belief that marriage is the union of a man and a woman to the exclusion of all others, voluntarily entered into for life, then in holding, expressing or acting on that belief:

                     (a)  whether or not another person who is to be married is a man or a woman is to be determined by the  chaplain or authorised officer; and

                     (b)  in determining whether the other person is a man or a woman, if the chaplain or authorised officer reason ably believes and genuinely believes that the current legal status of the other person as a man or a woman is different from the legal status of the other person as a man or a woman at the time of the other person’s registration following the other person’s birth, the chaplain or authorised officer may disregard the current legal status of the other person’s sex or gender, or their gender identity or intersex status.

[determining when a belief is held]

(6)     Schedule  1 , item  6 , page 5 (lines 18 and 19) , omit the item, substitute:

6  Paragraph 21(2)(b)

After "the chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

[consequential—authorised officers]

(7)     Schedule  1 , item  22 , page 12 (lines 12 and 13) , omit the item, substitute:

22  Subsection 71(1)

After "a chaplain ", insert "or an authorised officer ".

[consequential—authorised officers]

(8)     Schedule  1 , item  23 , page 12 (line 16) , omit the heading to section  71A , substitute:

71A   Officers authorised to solemnise marriages

[consequential—authorised officers]

(9)     Schedule  1 , items 24 and 25, page 12 (lines 20 to 25) , omit the items, substitute:

24  Paragraphs 72(1)(a) and (b)

After "the chaplain " (wherever occurring), insert "or authorised officer ".

25  Subsection 72(2)

After "the chaplain " (wherever occurring), insert "or authorised officer ".

[consequential—authorised officers]

(10)   Schedule  1 , items  27 to 56 , page 12 (line 28) to page 15 (line 22) , omit the items, substitute:

27  Section 74 (heading )

After " chaplain ", insert " or authorised officer ".

28  Subsection 74(1)

After "the chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

29  Subsection 74(3)

After "chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

30  Section 75 (heading )

After " Chaplain ", insert " or authorised officer ".

31  Section 75

After "A chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

32  Section 75

After "the chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

33  Subsections 76(1), 77(1) and 78(2)

After "chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

34  Section 79 (heading )

After " Chaplain ", insert " or authorised officer ".

35  Section 79

After "A chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

36  Section 79

After "the chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

37  Subsection 80(1)

After "a chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

38  Subsection 80(1)

After "the chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

39  Paragraphs 80(2)(a) and (c)

After "the chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

40  Subsection 80(4)

After "The chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

41  Subsections 80(5) and (6)

After "the chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

42  Subsection 80(8)

After "a chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

43  Subsection 80(9)

After "the chaplain " (first occurring), insert "or authorised officer ".

44  Paragraph 80(9)(b)

After "the chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

45  Subsection 80(10)

After "a chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

46  Section 81 (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

81   Power to refuse to solemnise marriage

Chaplain or authorised officer may refuse to solemnise marriage on any grounds

47  Section 81

Omit "A chaplain ", insert "(1) A chaplain or authorised officer ".

48  Section 81

After "the chaplain " (wherever occurring), insert "or authorised officer ".

49  At the end of section 81

Add:

Chaplain may refuse to solemnise marriage on the basis of religious or conscientious beliefs etc.

             (2)  To avoid doubt, a chaplain may refuse to solemnise a marriage despite anything in this Part or any law of a State or Territory, if any of the following applies:

                     (a)  the refusal is consistent with the doctrines, tenets or beliefs of the religion of the chaplain 's religious body or religious organisation;

                     (b)  the refusal is because of the religious susceptibilities of adherents of that religion;

                     (c)  the chaplain 's genuine religious or conscientious beliefs do not allow the chaplain to solemnise the marriage.

Authorised officer may refuse to solemnise marriage on the basis of genuine religious or conscientious belief

             (3)  Despite anything in this Part or any law of a State or Territory, an authorised officer may refuse to solemnise a marriage that is not the union of a man and a woman, if:

                     (a)  the officer holds a genuine religious or conscientious belief that marriage is the union of a man and a woman to the exclusion of all others, voluntarily entered into for life; and

                     (b)  the holding by the officer of that belief does not allow the officer to solemnise the marriage.

Grounds for refusal not limited by this section

             (4)  Subsections (2) and (3) do not limit the grounds on which a chaplain or an authorised officer may refuse to solemnise a marriage.

50  Subsection 83(2)

After "a chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

51  Section 84 (heading )

After " a chaplain ", insert " or authorised officer ".

52  Paragraph 84(1)(a)

After "a chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

53  Paragraphs 84(1)(b) and (c)

After "the chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

54  Subsection 84(1)

After "the chaplain " (last occurring), insert "or authorised officer ".

55  Paragraph 85(1)(b)

After "a chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

56  Paragraph 85(1)(c)

After "the chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

56A  Subsection 85(1)

After "the chaplain " (last occurring), insert "or authorised officer ".

[authorisation of officers / chaplains and authorised officers may refuse to solemnise marriages / authorised officers]

(11)   Schedule  1 , items  59 and 60 , page 16 (lines 1 to 4) , omit the items, substitute:

59  Subsection 99(3)

After "A chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

60  Subsection 116(2)

Omit "celebrant or chaplain " (wherever occurring), substitute "celebrant, chaplain or authorised officer ".

[authorised officers]

(12)   Schedule  1 , item  62 , page 16 (lines 7 and 8) , omit the item, substitute:

69  Paragraph 119(3)(f)

After "chaplain ", insert "or authorised officer ".

[authorised officers]

(13)   Schedule  1 , item  63 , page 17 (after line 24) , after subsection  40 ( 2AB ), insert:

       (2AC)  An authorised officer in the Defence Force may refuse to solemnise a marriage despite anything in Division 1 or 2, as applying by reference to section 5A, 5B, 5C or 6, if the circumstances mentioned in subsection 81(3) of the Marriage Act 1961 apply.

[ Sex Discrimination Act 1984]