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Crimes Legislation Amendment (Serious and Organised Crime) Bill 2010

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2008-2009

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

Crimes Legislation Amendment (Serious and Organised Crime) Bill 2009

 

 

(1)     Schedule  1 , item  13 , page 9 (line 11) , omit “ paragraph (c) ”, substitute “ paragraphs (b) and (c) ”.

[affidavit requirements]

(2)     Schedule 1, item 13, page 9 (after line 11), at the end of section 179B, add:

             (3)  The court must make the order under subsection (1) without notice having been given to any person if the * DPP requests the court to do so.

[notice and procedure]

(3)     Schedule 1, item 13, page 9 (lines 23 and 24), omit subsection 179C(3).

[notice and procedure]

(4)     Schedule 1, item 13, page 9 (lines 27 to 32), omit subsections 179C(5) and (6), substitute:

             (5)  The court may revoke the * preliminary unexplained wealth order on application under subsection (1) if satisfied that:

                     (a)  there are no grounds on which to make the order at the time of considering the application to revoke the order; or

                     (b)  it is in the public interest to do so.

[preliminary unexplained wealth orders]

(5)     Schedule 1, item 13, page 9 (after line 32), after section 179C, insert:

179CA   Notice and procedure on application to revoke preliminary unexplained wealth order

             (1)  This section applies if a person applies under section 179C for revocation of a * preliminary unexplained wealth order.

             (2)  The applicant may appear and adduce material at the hearing of the application.

             (3)  The applicant must give the * DPP:

                     (a)  written notice of the application; and

                     (b)  a copy of any affidavit supporting the application.

             (4)  The * DPP may appear and adduce additional material at the hearing of the application.

             (5)  The * DPP must give the applicant a copy of any affidavit it proposes to rely on to contest the application.

             (6)  The notice and copies of affidavits must be given under subsections (3) and (5) within a reasonable time before the hearing of the application.

[notice and procedure]

(6)     Schedule 1, item 13, page 10 (line 12), omit “ * total wealth of the person”, substitute “whole or any part of the person’s * wealth”.

[unexplained wealth orders]

(7)     Schedule 1, item 13, page 10 (line 26), omit subparagraph (2)(b)(iii), substitute:

                            (iii)  a * State offence that has a federal aspect;

reduced by any amount deducted under section 179J (reducing unexplained wealth amounts to take account of forfeiture, pecuniary penalties etc.).

[unexplained wealth orders]

(8)     Schedule 1, item 13, page 10 (lines 32 and 33), omit “, including information that could not reasonably have been ascertained before the application was made”.

[unexplained wealth orders]

(9)     Schedule 1, item 13, page 10 (after line 34), at the end of section 179E, add:

             (6)  Despite subsection (1), the court may refuse to make an order under that subsection if the court is satisfied that it is not in the public interest to make the order.

[unexplained wealth orders]

(10)   Schedule 1, item 13, page 13 (lines 27 and 28), omit “specifying an * unexplained wealth amount”, substitute “in relation to a person”.

[hardship]

(11)   Schedule 1, item 13, page 13 (line 29), after “Commonwealth”, insert “, once the unexplained wealth order is satisfied,”.

[hardship]

(12)   Schedule 1, item 13, page 14 (line 4), after “exceed the”, insert “person’s”.

[hardship]

(13)   Schedule 1, item 13, page 14 (lines 20 and 21), omit “any affidavit supporting the application”, substitute “the affidavit referred to in subsection 179B(2)”.

[notice and procedure]

(14)   Schedule 1, item 13, page 14 (line 22) to page 15 (line 1), omit subsections 179N(3), (4) and (5), substitute:

             (3)  The * DPP must also give a copy of any other affidavit supporting the application to the person who would be subject to the * unexplained wealth order if it were made.

             (4)  The copies must be given under subsection (3) within a reasonable time before the hearing in relation to whether the order is to be made.

[notice and procedure]

(15)   Schedule 1, item 13, page 15 (lines 14 to 21), omit section 179Q, substitute:

179Q   Procedure on application and other notice requirements

             (1)  The person who would be subject to an * unexplained wealth order if it were made may appear and adduce evidence at the hearing in relation to whether the order is to be made.

             (2)  The person must give the * DPP written notice of any grounds on which he or she proposes to contest the making of the order.

             (3)  The * DPP may appear and adduce evidence at the hearing in relation to whether an * unexplained wealth order is to be made.

[notice and procedure]

(16)   Schedule 1, item 32, page 20 (line 30), omit “any”, substitute “the”.

[lawfully acquired]

(17)   Schedule 2, item 67, page 44 (line 5), omit “or Division 2 of Part 4-1”.

[information that may be disclosed]

(18)   Schedule  2 , item  67 , page 44 (table item  2 ), omit the table item, substitute:

 

2

Authority of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory, that has a function of investigating or prosecuting offences against a law of the Commonwealth, State or Territory

Assisting in the prevention, investigation or prosecution of an offence against that law that is punishable on conviction by imprisonment for at least 3 years or for life

2A

Authority of a foreign country that has a function of investigating or prosecuting offences against a law of the country

Assisting in the prevention, investigation or prosecution of an offence against that law constituted by conduct that, if it occurred in Australia, would constitute an offence against a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory, punishable on conviction by imprisonment for at least 3 years or for life

[purpose of disclosure]

(19)   Schedule  2 , item  67 , page 44 (line 14) to page 45 (line 21) , omit subsections 266A ( 3 ) to ( 5 ), substitute:

Limits on use of information disclosed

             (3)  In civil or * criminal proceedings against a person who gave an answer or produced a document in an * examination, none of the following that is disclosed under this section is admissible in evidence against the person:

                     (a)  the answer or document;

                     (b)  information contained in the answer or document.

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not apply in:

                     (a)  * criminal proceedings for giving false or misleading information; or

                     (b)  proceedings on an application under this Act; or

                     (c)  proceedings ancillary to an application under this Act; or

                     (d)  proceedings for enforcement of a * confiscation order; or

                     (e)  civil proceedings for or in respect of a right or liability the document confers or imposes.

Note:          Subsections (3) and (4) reflect section 198.

             (5)  In a * criminal proceeding against a person who produced or made available a document under a * production order, none of the following that is disclosed under this section is admissible in evidence against the person:

                     (a)  the document;

                     (b)  information contained in the document.

             (6)  Subsection (5) does not apply in a proceeding under, or arising out of, section 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code (false or misleading information or documents) in relation to producing the document or making it available.

Note:          Subsections (5) and (6) reflect subsection 206(2).

             (7)  To avoid doubt, this section does not affect the admissibility in evidence of any information, document or thing obtained as an indirect consequence of a disclosure under this section.

[limits on use of information disclosed]

(20)   Schedule  2 , item  67 , page 45 (after line 21) , at the end of section  266A , add:

Relationship with subsection 228(2)

             (8)  To avoid doubt:

                     (a)  this section does not limit subsection 228(2) (about a * search warrant authorising the * executing officer to make things seized under the warrant available to officers of other * enforcement agencies); and

                     (b)  subsection 228(2) does not limit this section.

[disclosure and section 228]

(21)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 68 (lines 1 and 2), omit “No single variation may extend the period of effect of a formal authority”, substitute “A formal authority must not be varied”.

[variation of authorities]

(22)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 69 (line 28), omit “ Determination of application to vary authority ”, substitute “ Requirements for variation of authority ”.

[variation of authorities]

(23)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 69 (lines 30 and 31), omit “the authorising officer concerned”, substitute “an appropriate authorising officer”.

[variation of authorities]

(24)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 69 (line 35), omit “The authorising officer must not grant the variation”, substitute “An appropriate authorising officer must not vary an authority, whether on application or on the authorising officer’s own initiative,”.

[variation of authorities]

(25)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 70 (line 36), omit “otherwise”, substitute “on the authorising officer’s own initiative”.

[variation of authorities]

(26)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 72 (lines 19 to 25), omit subsection 15GT(3), substitute:

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), the period of the extension must not exceed the lesser of:

                     (a)  3 months; and

                     (b)  a period that would result in the period of effect of the authority exceeding 24 months (including any previous extensions under this Subdivision or Subdivision B).

[variation of authorities]

(27)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 88 (line 7), after “cessation”, insert “and the outcomes of the controlled operation”.

[information in chief officer’s reports]

(28)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 89 (after line 10), after subsection 15HM(2), insert:

          (2A)  If the controlled operation involved illicit goods that are narcotic goods, the report is to:

                     (a)  identify each law enforcement agency an officer of which had possession of the narcotic goods in the course of the controlled operation; and

                     (b)  identify to the extent known any other person who had possession of the narcotic goods in the course of the controlled operation; and

                     (c)  state whether the narcotic goods have been destroyed; and

                     (d)  if the narcotic goods have not been destroyed—contain the information specified in subsection (2B) relating to the possession of the narcotic goods, or state that it is not known who has possession of them.

          (2B)  If the controlled operation involved narcotic goods that have not been destroyed, and the identity of the person who has possession of the narcotic goods is known, the report is to:

                     (a)  if the person is a law enforcement officer—identify the law enforcement agency of which the person is an officer; or

                     (b)  otherwise—identify the person.

          (2C)  If the chief officer of the authorising agency is of the view that disclosing the identity of a person may:

                     (a)  endanger the safety of the person; or

                     (b)  prejudice an investigation or prosecution;

then the person is sufficiently identified for the purposes of paragraphs (2A)(b) and (2B)(b) if the person is identified:

                     (c)  by an assumed name under which the person is operating; or

                     (d)  by a code name or code number;

as long as the chief officer can match the assumed name, code name or code number to the person’s identity.

[information on report]

(29)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 89 (line 25), omit “subsection 15HM(2)”, substitute “subsections 15HM(2), (2A), (2B) and (2C)”.

[information on report]

(30)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 93 (after line 14), after subparagraph 15HQ(2)(b)(viii), insert:

                        (viiia)  the nature of the controlled conduct that was engaged in by law enforcement participants and civilian participants (if any); and

[information on Register]

(31)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 93 (lines 17 and 18), omit “and the date of completion of the operation”, substitute “, the date on which the operation ceased, and the outcomes of the operation”.

[information on Register]

(32)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 93 (after line 36), after subsection 15HQ(2), insert:

          (2A)  If the controlled operation involved illicit goods that are narcotic goods, the general register is to:

                     (a)  identify each law enforcement agency an officer of which had possession of the narcotic goods in the course of the controlled operation; and

                     (b)  identify to the extent known any other person who had possession of the narcotic goods in the course of the controlled operation; and

                     (c)  state whether the narcotic goods have been destroyed; and

                     (d)  if the narcotic goods have not been destroyed—contain the information specified in subsection (2B) relating to the possession of the narcotic goods, or state that it is not known who has possession of them.

          (2B)  If the controlled operation involved narcotic goods that have not been destroyed, and the identity of the person who has possession of the narcotic goods is known, the general register is to:

                     (a)  if the person is a law enforcement officer—identify the law enforcement agency of which the person is an officer; or

                     (b)  otherwise—identify the person.

          (2C)  If the chief officer of the authorising agency is of the view that disclosing the identity of a person may:

                     (a)  endanger the safety of the person; or

                     (b)  prejudice an investigation or prosecution;

then the person is sufficiently identified for the purposes of paragraphs (2A)(b) and (2B)(b) if the person is identified:

                     (c)  by an assumed name under which the person is operating; or

                     (d)  by a code name or code number;

as long as the chief officer can match the assumed name, code name or code number to the person’s identity.

[information on Register]

(33)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 98 (lines 20 to 26), omit subsection 15HX(1), substitute:

             (1)  The Ombudsman may, by written instrument, delegate to an APS employee responsible to the Ombudsman all or any of the Ombudsman’s powers under this Division, other than a power to report to the Minister.

[delegation by Ombudsman]

(34)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 129 (line 6), omit “ASIS.”, substitute “ASIS; and”.

[senior officer]

(35)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 129 (after line 6), at the end of the definition of senior officer in subsection 15LH(3), add:

                     (h)  in relation to a Commonwealth agency specified in the regulations for the purposes of the definition of law enforcement agency —an officer specified in the regulations to be a senior officer of the agency.

[senior officer]

(36)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 129 (lines 14 to 31), omit the definition of chief officer in section 15M, substitute:

chief officer of a law enforcement agency means the following:

                     (a)  in relation to the Australian Federal Police—the Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police;

                     (b)  in relation to Customs—the Chief Executive Officer of Customs;

                     (c)  in relation to the ACC—the Chief Executive Officer of the ACC;

                     (d)  in relation to the Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity—the Integrity Commissioner;

                     (e)  in relation to the Australian Taxation Office—the Commissioner of Taxation;

                      (f)  in relation to a Commonwealth agency specified in the regulations for the purposes of the definition of law enforcement agency —the officer specified in the regulations as the chief officer of that agency.

[intelligence agencies]

(37)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 130 (lines 17 to 19), omit the definition of intelligence agency in subsection 15M(1).

[intelligence agencies]

(38)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 131 (lines 1 and 2), omit the definition of National Witness Protection Program in subsection 15M(1).

[definition]

(39)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 131 (lines 6 and 7), omit paragraph (b) of the definition of operative in subsection 15M(1), substitute:

                     (b)  authorised to acquire and use an assumed identity under Part IAC by the chief officer of a law enforcement agency;

but does not include a person who is or was an intelligence officer (within the meaning of Part IAC).

[intelligence agencies]

(40)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 133 (after line 31), at the end of section 15MD, add:

             (3)  To avoid doubt, this Part does not, other than as expressly provided, limit the power of a court to control proceedings in relation to a matter before it.

[scope]

(41)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 133 (line 33) to page 134 (line 14), omit subsection 15ME(1), substitute:

             (1)  The chief officer of a law enforcement agency may give a witness identity protection certificate for an operative in relation to a proceeding if:

                     (a)  the operative is, or may be required, to give evidence in the proceeding; and

                     (b)  the chief officer is satisfied on reasonable grounds that the disclosure in the proceeding of the operative’s identity or where the operative lives is likely to:

                              (i)  endanger the safety of the operative or another person; or

                             (ii)  prejudice any current or future investigation; or

                            (iii)  prejudice any current or future activity relating to security.

[intelligence agencies]

(42)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 135 (lines 11 and 12), omit “or an intelligence officer”.

[intelligence agencies]

(43)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 135 (line 35), omit “or an intelligence officer”.

[intelligence agencies]

(44)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 136 (lines 1 and 2), omit “or an intelligence officer”.

[intelligence agencies]

(45)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 136 (lines 22 and 23), omit “either a law enforcement officer or an intelligence officer”, substitute “a law enforcement officer”.

[intelligence agencies]

(46)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 137 (line 21), omit “one or more of the requirements of section 15MH”, substitute “the requirement under subsection 15MH(2) in relation to the time within which a copy of the certificate is to be given”.

[filing and notification]

(47)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 137 (lines 24 and 25), omit “requirement or requirements of section 15MH in respect of which leave is sought”, substitute “requirement referred to in subsection (1)”.

[filing and notification]

(48)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 137 (lines 26 to 32), omit subsection 15MI(3) (including the note).

[filing and notification]

(49)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 139 (lines 1 to 7), omit subsections 15MK(2) and (3).

[offence]

(50)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 139 (after line 14), at the end of section 15MK, add:

             (6)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an order has been made under subsection (1), (4) or (5); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the conduct contravenes the order.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

             (7)  Subsection (6) does not limit the court’s powers, including, but not limited to, the court’s power to punish for contempt.

[offence]

(51)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 142 (line 27) to page 143 (line 5), omit section 15MP, substitute:

15MP   Appeals and adjournments

             (1)  This section applies if, in proceedings before a court (the original court ):

                     (a)  the original court gives, or refuses, leave under section 15MI or 15MM in relation to a witness identity protection certificate for an operative; or

                     (b)  the original court makes, or refuses to make, an order under section 15MK or 15MM in relation to a witness identity protection certificate for an operative.

             (2)  A court (the appeal court ) that has jurisdiction to hear and determine appeals from a judgment, order or direction in the proceedings has jurisdiction to hear and determine an appeal against the decision to give or refuse leave, or to make or refuse to make the order.

             (3)  The following persons may appeal against the decision to give or refuse leave, or to make or refuse to make the order:

                     (a)  a party to the proceedings;

                     (b)  if the appeal court is satisfied that the operative to whom the certificate relates or the chief officer who gave the certificate has a sufficient interest in the decision—the operative or the chief officer.

             (4)  If a party to the proceedings appeals against the decision to give or refuse leave, or to make or refuse to make the order, the appeal court may allow the operative to whom the certificate relates, or the chief officer who gave the certificate, to join the appeal as a respondent, if the appeal court is satisfied that the operative or chief officer has a sufficient interest in the decision.

             (5)  A party to the proceedings, the operative to whom the certificate relates or the chief officer who gave the certificate may apply to the original court for an adjournment:

                     (a)  to appeal against the decision of the original court to give or refuse leave, or to make or refuse to make the order; or

                     (b)  to decide whether to appeal or seek leave to appeal against the decision.

             (6)  If an application is made under subsection (5), the original court must grant the adjournment.

[appeals]

(52)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 143 (lines 7 to 11), omit subsection 15MQ(1), substitute:

             (1)  This section applies if the chief officer of a law enforcement agency gives a witness identity protection certificate for an operative in relation to a proceeding.

[intelligence agencies]

(53)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 143 (lines 24 to 28), omit subsection 15MR(1), substitute:

             (1)  This section applies if the chief officer of a law enforcement agency gives a witness identity protection certificate for an operative in relation to a proceeding.

[intelligence agencies]

(54)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 145 (lines 18 to 20), omit paragraph 15MS(3)(f), substitute:

                      (f)  the person is reckless as to whether his or her conduct will:

                              (i)  prejudice any current or future investigation; or

                             (ii)  prejudice any current or future activity relating to security.

[intelligence agencies]

(55)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 145 (lines 23 and 24), omit “or an intelligence agency”.

[intelligence agencies]

(56)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 146 (lines 6 and 7), omit “ —law enforcement agencies ”.

[intelligence agencies]

(57)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 146 (line 15), omit “15ME(1)(d)”, substitute “15ME(1)(b)”.

[intelligence agencies]

(58)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 147 (line 11) to page 148 (line 9), omit section 15MV.

[intelligence agencies]

(59)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 149 (lines 8 and 9), omit “or the intelligence agency (as the case may be)”.

[intelligence agencies]

(60)   Schedule 3, item 10, page 149 (lines 28 to 35), omit paragraphs (e) and (f) of the definition of senior officer in subsection 15MX(3), substitute:

                     (e)  in relation to a Commonwealth agency specified in the regulations for the purposes of the definition of law enforcement agency —an officer of the agency specified in the regulations to be a senior officer of the agency.

[senior officer/intelligence agencies]

(61)   Schedule 4, page 161 (after line 2), insert:

Division 1—Offences involving criminal organisations

[use of information under organised crime control laws]

(62)   Schedule 4, page 162 (after line 5), after item 16, insert:

16A  After subsection 5D(3)

Insert:

Offences relating to criminal groups

       (3AA)  An offence is also a serious offence if it is an offence against section 93T of the Crimes Act 1900 of New South Wales.

[serious offences]

(63)   Schedule 4, item 18, page 162 (line 36) to page 163 (line 3), omit the item, substitute:

18  Application

Subsections 5D(3AA) and (9) of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 apply whether the conduct constituting the offences concerned was engaged in before or after the commencement of this item.

[serious offences]

(64)   Schedule 4, Part 2, page 163 (after line 3), at the end of the Part, add:

Division 2—Use of information for purposes of organised crime control laws

Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979

18A  Subsection 5(1)

Insert:

organised crime control law means a law of a State, a purpose of which is to combat organised crime or restrict the activities of criminal organisations, that provides for:

                     (a)  the declaration of an organisation as a declared organisation; or

                     (b)  the making of orders described as control orders or interim control orders in relation to members of criminal organisations.

18B  Subsection 5(1) (at the end of subparagraphs (c)(i), (ii), (iia) and (iib) of the definition of permitted purpose )

Add “or”.

18C  Subsection 5(1) (at the end of paragraph (c) of the definition of permitted purpose )

Add:

                             (v)  the performance of a function or duty, or the exercise of a power, by a person, court or other body under, or in relation to a matter arising under, an organised crime control law of that State; or

18D  After paragraph 5B(1)(c)

Insert:

                    (ca)  a proceeding under, or a proceeding relating to a matter arising under, an organised crime control law; or

18E  At the end of paragraphs 6L(1)(a), (b) and (c)

Add “or”.

18F  After paragraph 6L(1)(c)

Insert:

                    (ca)  a proceeding under, or in relation to a matter arising under, an organised crime control law of that State; or

18G  At the end of paragraph 6L(1)(d)

Add “or”.

18H  After subparagraph 68(d)(i)

Insert:

                            (ia)  the subject matter of a proceeding under, or in relation to a matter arising under, an organised crime control law of a State; or

18J  Application

The Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 , as amended by this Division, applies in relation to the communication, use and making of a record of information, and the giving of information in evidence in proceedings, on or after the commencement of this item, whether the information was obtained before or after that commencement.

[use of information under organised crime control laws]