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Sex Discrimination Amendment (Pregnancy and Work) Bill 2003

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2002-2003

 

 

THE PARLIAMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA

 

 

THE SENATE

 

 

Sex Discrimination Amendment (Pregnancy and Work) Bill 2002

 

 

Schedule of the amendments made by the Senate

 

 

 

 

 

(1)     Dem (5) [Sheet 3031 Revised]

          Title, page 1 (lines 1 and 2), omit “ to amend the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 ”, substitute “ relating to pregnancy and work ”.

(2)     Opp (1) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 3), before item 1, insert:

1A  Paragraph 3(b)

Omit “or potential pregnancy”, substitute “, potential pregnancy or breastfeeding”.

(3)     Opp (2) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 3), before item 1, insert:

1B  Subsection 4(1) (after the definition of administrative office )

Insert:

breastfeeding includes the act of breastfeeding a child, expressing milk, a characteristic that appertains generally to women who are breastfeeding, or a characteristic that is generally imputed to women who are breastfeeding.

(4)     Dem (1) [Sheet 3031 Revised]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 3), before item 1, insert:

1BA  Subsection 4(1) (definition of Commonwealth employee )

Repeal the definition, substitute:



Commonwealth employee , for the purposes of this Act, means a person who:

                     (a)  holds an office of appointment in the Commonwealth Public Service or is employed in a temporary capacity in a Department; or

                     (b)  holds a statutory or administrative office; or

                     (c)  is employed or engaged by a public authority of the Commonwealth; or

                     (d)  holds an office or is appointed under the High Court of Australia Act 1979 , the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976 or the Federal Magistrates Act 1999 ; or

                     (e)  is a member of the Commonwealth Parliament; or

                      (f)  holds an office or appointment in the Commonwealth Teaching Service or is employed as a temporary employee under the Commonwealth Teaching Service Act 1972 ; or

                     (g)  is employed under the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979 , the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 or the Naval Defence Act 1910 ; or

                     (h)  is a member of the Defence Force.

1BB  Subsection 4(1) (definition of employment )

Repeal the definition, substitute:

employment includes:

                     (a)  part-time and temporary employment; and

                     (b)  employment in a voluntary capacity or for consideration other than direct financial remuneration; and

                     (c)  work under a contract for services; and

                     (d)  work as a Commonwealth employee; and

                     (e)  work under the provisions of the Social Security Legislation Amendment (Work for the Dole) Act 1997 .

(5)     Dem (2) [Sheet 3031 Revised] ( As amended by Opp (34)-(36) [Sheet 3032] )

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1C  At the end of section 7A

Add:

             (2)  For the purposes of subparagraph (1)(b)(i), but without otherwise limiting that provision, the family responsibilities of an employee include an intention to adopt a child, or the process of adopting a child.

1D  Section 13

Repeal the section.

1E  Subsections 38(1) and (2)

Omit “, marital status or pregnancy” (wherever occurring), substitute “or marital status”.

1EA  Subsection 38(3)

Omit “or pregnancy”.



1EB  At the end of section 38

Add:

             (4)  To avoid doubt, in this section, a reference to a person’s sex or marital status does not include a reference to pregnancy or potential pregnancy.

(6)     Opp (6) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1F  After section 7

Insert:

7AA  Discrimination on the ground of breastfeeding

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator ) discriminates against a woman (the aggrieved woman ) on the ground that the aggrieved woman is breastfeeding if, because the aggrieved woman is breastfeeding, the discriminator treats the aggrieved woman less favourably than, in circumstances that are the same or are not materially different, the discriminator treats or would treat someone who is not breastfeeding.

             (2)  For the purposes of this Act, a person (the discriminator ) discriminates against a woman (the aggrieved woman ) on the ground that the aggrieved woman is breastfeeding if the discrimination imposes, or proposes to impose, a condition, requirement or practice that has, or is likely to have, the effect of disadvantaging women who are also breastfeeding.

             (3)  This section has effect subject to sections 7B and 7D.

(7)     Opp (7) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1G  Subsection 10(2)

Omit “or potential pregnancy”, substitute “, potential pregnancy or breastfeeding”.

(8)     Opp (8) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1H  Subsection 11(2)

Omit “or potential pregnancy”, substitute “, potential pregnancy or breastfeeding”.

(9)     Opp (10) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1K  Subsection 14(1)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the person is breastfeeding her child”.

(10)   Opp (11) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1L  Subsection 14(2)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the employee is breastfeeding her child”.

(11)   Opp (12) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1M  Subsection 15(1)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the person is breastfeeding”.

(12)   Opp (13) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1N  Subsection 15(2)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the commission agent is breastfeeding”.

(13)   Opp (14) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1P  Section 16

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the contract worker is breastfeeding”.

(14)   Opp (15) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1Q  Subsections 17(1) and (2)

After “potential pregnancy” (wherever occurring), insert “or because the person is breastfeeding”.

(15)   Opp (16) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1R  Subsection 17(3)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the partner is breastfeeding”.



(16)   Opp (17) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1S  Section 18

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the person is breastfeeding”.

(17)   Opp (18) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1T  Subsection 19(1)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the person is breastfeeding”.

(18)   Opp (19) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1U  Subsection 19(2)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the member is breastfeeding”.

(19)   Opp (20) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1V  Section 20

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the person is breastfeeding”.

(20)   Opp (21) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1W  Subsection 21(1)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the person is breastfeeding”.

(21)   Opp (22) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1X  Subsection 21(2)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the student is breastfeeding”.



(22)   Opp (23) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1Y  Subsection 22(1)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because that other person is breastfeeding her child”.

(23)   Opp (24) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1Z  Subsections 23(1) and (2)

After “potential pregnancy” (wherever occurring), insert “or because that other person is breastfeeding”.

(24)   Opp (25) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1ZA  Subsection 24(1)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because that other person is breastfeeding”.

(25)   Opp (26) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1ZB  Subsection 25(1)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the person is breastfeeding”.

(26)   Opp (27) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1ZC  Subsection 25(2)

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because the member is breastfeeding”.

(27)   Opp (28) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 7), after item 1, insert:

1ZD  Section 26

After “potential pregnancy”, insert “or because that other person is breastfeeding”.



(28)   Opp (29) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, item 2, page 3 (line 20), after “pregnancy”, insert “or because that other person is breastfeeding”.

(29)   Opp (30) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, item 2, page 3 (line 24), omit “or potentially pregnant”, substitute “, potentially pregnant or breastfeeding”.

(30)   Opp (31) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 3 (after line 34), after item 2, insert:

2A  At the end of subsection 27(2)

Add:

                ;  but it is unlawful to discriminate in a recruitment process on the basis of that information.

(31)   Opp (32) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 4 (after line 6), at the end of the Schedule, add:

4 After subsection 27(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  To avoid doubt, it is unlawful for a person to ask another person a question (whether orally or in writing) in connection with the employment or potential employment of that other person, which might reasonably be understood as intended to elicit information about that person’s intentions in relation to pregnancy, potential pregnancy or in relation to meeting that person’s family commitments.

(32)   Dem (3) [Sheet 3031 Revised] ( As amended by Opp (33) [Sheet 3032] )

          Schedule 1, page 4 (after line 6), at the end of the Schedule, add:

4A  After section 27

Insert:

27A  Pregnancy equity standards

             (1)  The Minister may formulate standards, to be known as pregnancy equity standards, in relation to the employment of women who are pregnant or potentially pregnant, consistent with and to give effect to the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 .

(2)     Pregnancy equity standards formulated in accordance with this section are to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the pregnancy equity standards are formulated and take effect only as provided by the following provisions of this section.

(3)     If:

                     (a)  notice of a motion to amend the pregnancy equity standards is given in either House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days after the pregnancy equity standards have been laid before that House; and

                     (b)  the pregnancy equity standards, whether or not as amended, are subsequently approved by that House; and

                     (c)  the other House approves the pregnancy equity standards in the form approved by the first-mentioned House;

the pregnancy equity standards take effect in the form so approved from the day on which the second House approves the pregnancy equity standards in that form.

             (4)  If no notice of a motion to amend the pregnancy equity standards is given in the House of Representatives or the Senate within 15 sitting days of the particular House after the pregnancy equity standards have been laid before that House, the pregnancy equity standards take effect from the day immediately after that 15th sitting day or, where that day differs in respect of each House, the later of those days.

27B  Unlawful to contravene pregnancy equity standards

                   It is unlawful for a person to contravene a pregnancy equity standard.

5  After section 48

Insert:

48B  Employment advertisements—standing to bring complaints

                   A complaint in writing alleging that:

                     (a)  a person has done an act that is unlawful by virtue of paragraph 14(1)(a); and

                     (b)  that act is constituted by an advertisement;

may be lodged with the Commission by any person, notwithstanding that the complainant is not a person directly affected by the advertisement.

48C  Referral of discriminatory awards to the Australian Industrial Relations Commission—own motion

                   Where the Commissioner has reason to believe that an award or agreement contains a provision or a number of provisions which permit discriminatory acts, the Commissioner may refer the award or agreement to the Australian Industrial Relations Commission.

(33)   Opp (37) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 4 (after line 6), at the end of the Schedule, add:

9 Section 39

After “pregnancy”, insert “or because the person is breastfeeding”.

(34)   Opp (38) [Sheet 3032]

          Schedule 1, page 4 (after line 6), at the end of the Schedule, add:

10 Section 48

Omit “or potential pregnancy” (wherever occurring), substitute “, potential pregnancy or breastfeeding”.

(35)   Opp (40) [Sheet 3032]

          Page 4 (after line 6), at the end of the bill, add:

Schedule 2— Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Act 1986

1  After paragraph 46PO(4)(d)

Insert:

                   (da)  where the unlawful discrimination relates to pregnancy or potential pregnancy—an order requiring a respondent to pay to an applicant exemplary or punitive damages;

 

 

 

 

 

HARRY EVANS

Clerk of the Senate

 

 

The Senate

8 September 2003