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Finance and Administration Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Bill 2001

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1998-1999-2000-2001

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

Finance and Administration Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Bill (No. 1) 2001

 

 

(1)     Clause 1, page 1 (line 7), omit “ (No. 1) ”.

[clause 1—amendment of electoral legislation]

(2)     Page 8 (after line 6), after Schedule 1, insert:

Schedule 1A Amendment of Electoral Acts

   

Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918

1  After section 4C

Insert:

4D   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

2  At the end of subsection 101(4)

Add:

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the defence in subsection (4) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

3  At the end of subsection 101(5A)

Add:

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the defence in subsection (5A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

4  After subsection 101(6)

Insert:

       (6AA)  An offence against subsection (6) relating to a failure to comply with subsection (1) or (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

       (6AB)  An offence against subsection (6) relating to a failure to comply with subsection (4) is an offence of absolute liability.

Note:          For absolute liability , see section 6.2 of the Criminal Code .

5  At the end of subsection 101(6A)

Add:

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the defence in subsection (6A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

6  Section 103

Omit “without just excuse”.

7  At the end of section 103

Add:

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the officer has a just excuse for the failure.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

8  At the end of section 196

Add:

             (2)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

9  At the end of section 200J

Add:

             (2)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

10  Subsection 245(8)

Omit “paragraph (15)(a)”, substitute “subsection (15)”.

11  Subsection 245(10)

Omit “paragraph (15)(a)”, substitute “subsection (15)”.

12  Subsection 245(15)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

           (15)  An elector is guilty of an offence if the elector fails to vote at an election.

Penalty:  $50.

        (15A)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (15).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

        (15B)  Subsection (15) does not apply if the elector has a valid and sufficient reason for the failure.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (15B) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

        (15C)  An elector who makes a statement in response to a penalty notice or to a notice under subsection (9) that is, to his or her knowledge, false or misleading in a material particular is guilty of an offence.

Penalty:  $50.

13  After subsection 315(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

14  After subsection 315(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (2).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

15  Subsection 316(5)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (5)  A person is guilty of an offence if the person refuses to comply with a notice under subsection (2A), (3) or (3A) to the extent that the person is capable of complying with the notice.

Penalty:  $1,000.

          (5A)  A person is guilty of an offence if the person fails to comply with a notice under subsection (2A), (3) or (3A) to the extent that the person is capable of complying with the notice.

Penalty:  $1,000.

          (5B)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (5A).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

          (5C)  Subsection (5) or (5A) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (5C) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

16  Subsections 325(1) and (2) and 325A(1)

Omit “for the purpose of”, substitute “with the intention of”.

17  Subsection 326(2)

Omit “in order to influence or affect”, substitute “with the intention of influencing or affecting”.

18  At the end of subsection 329(5)

Add:

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the defence in subsection (5) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

19  After subsection 334(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

20  Subsection 335(1)

Omit “wilfully”.

21  Paragraph 339(1)(a)

Omit “for the purpose of”, substitute “with the intention of”.

22  Paragraph 339(1)(b)

Omit “for the purpose of voting”, substitute “with the intention of voting in that other person’s name”.

23  Paragraph 339(1)(c)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (c)  fraudulently do an act that results in the destruction or defacement of any nomination paper or ballot-paper; or

24  Paragraph 339(1)(h)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (h)  do an act that results in the unlawful destruction of, taking of, opening of, or interference with, ballot-boxes or ballot-papers.

25  Subsection 339(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  A person is guilty of an offence if the person:

                     (a)  does an act; and

                     (b)  the act results in the defacement, mutilation, destruction or removal of any notice, list or other document affixed by, or by the authority of, any Divisional Returning Officer.

Penalty:  $500.

26  At the end of section 341

Add:

             (2)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

27  At the end of section 343

Add:

             (2)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

28  Subsection 347(1)

Omit “for the purpose of”, substitute “with the intention of”.

29  Subsection 347(4)

Omit “, without the authority of the chairperson (proof whereof shall lie upon that person)”.

30  At the end of section 347

Add:

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not apply if the person proves that he or she is authorised by the chairperson to return.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (5) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

31  Subsection 350(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  A person is guilty of an offence if the person makes or publishes any false and defamatory statement in relation to the personal character or conduct of a candidate.

Penalty:  $ 1,0 00 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

Note:          Part IA of the Crimes Act 1914 contains provisions dealing with penalties.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person proves that he or she had a reasonable ground for believing, and did believe, the statement to be true.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the defence in subsection (1A) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

32  Subsection 351(1)

Omit “, without the written authority of the candidate (proof whereof shall lie upon that person)”.

33  After subsection 351(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person proves that he or she is authorised in writing by the candidate to announce or publish the thing claimed, suggested or advocated.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

34  At the end of subsection 351(3)

Add:

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to proof to the contrary under subsection (3) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

35  At the end of subsection 351(5)

Add:

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to evidence to the contrary under subsection (5) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

36  Subparagraph 386(a)(ii)

Omit “section 7 of the Crimes Act 1914 ”, substitute “section 11.1 of the Criminal Code ”.

Referendum (Machinery Provisions) Act 1984

37  After section 3B

Insert:

3C   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

38  Subsection 45(8)

Omit “paragraph (14)(a)”, substitute “subsection (14)”.

39  Subsection 45(10)

Omit “paragraph (14)(a)”, substitute “subsection (14)”.

40  Subsection 45(14)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

           (14)  An elector is guilty of an offence if the elector fails to vote at a referendum.

Penalty:  $50.

        (14A)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (14).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

        (14B)  Subsection (14) does not apply if the elector has a valid and sufficient reason for the failure.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (14B) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

        (14C)  An elector who makes a statement in response to a penalty notice or to a notice under subsection (9) that is, to his or her knowledge, false or misleading in a material particular is guilty of an offence.

Penalty:  $50.

41  Subsections 55(6) and (7)

Repeal the subsections.

42  At the end of section 68

Add:

             (2)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

43  At the end of section 73H

Add:

             (2)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

44  Subsections 118(1) and (2) and 118A(1)

Omit “for the purpose of”, substitute “with the intention of”.

45  Paragraph 119(2)(a)

Omit “in order to influence”, substitute “with the intention of influencing”.

46  Paragraph 119(2)(b)

Omit “in order to induce”, substitute “with the intention of inducing”.

47  At the end of subsection 122(5)

Add:

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the defence in subsection (5) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

48  Subsection 126(1)

Omit “wilfully”.

49  Paragraph 130(1)(a)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (a)  impersonate another person with the intention of voting in that other person’s name; or

                    (aa)  impersonate another person with the intention of securing a ballot-paper to which the first-mentioned person is not entitled; or

50  Paragraph 130(1)(b)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (b)  fraudulently do an act that results in the destruction or defacement of a ballot-paper or other document relating to a referendum; or

51  Paragraph 130(1)(e)

Repeal the paragraph.

52  Paragraph 130(1)(g)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (g)  do an act that results in the unlawful destruction of, taking of, opening of, or interference with, ballot-boxes or ballot-papers.

53  Paragraph 130(1)(j)

Repeal the paragraph.

54  Subsection 130(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  A person is guilty of an offence if the person:

                     (a)  does an act; and

                     (b)  the act results in the defacement, mutilation, destruction or removal of any notice, list or other document displayed in any place by, or with the authority of, an officer.

Penalty:  $500.

55  At the end of section 132

Add:

             (2)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

56  Subsection 134(2)

Omit “for the purpose of”, substitute “with the intention of”.

57  At the end of section 136

Add:

             (2)  Strict liability applies to an offence against subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

[Schedule 1A—amendment of electoral legislation]

(3)     Schedule 2, page 9 (after line 21), after item 4, insert:

4A  Section 17

Omit “, without just cause (proof whereof shall lie upon him)”.

4B  At the end of section 17

Add:

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) does not apply if the person proves that he or she has just cause for the refusal.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

[section 17—separate subsection for defence]