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Wednesday, 30 April 1980


Senator CARRICK -Yesterday I mentioned, in reply to a question asked by Senator Mason, that the United Nations had a resolution before it advocating trade sanctions against Iran on everything but food and medical supplies. I think Opposition senators indicated that they believed that this was not so. I draw the attention of the Senate to the fact that on 13 January 1980 there was before the Security Council a resolution consisting of some three pages which I will seek to have incorporated in Hansard. The resolution failed only because Russia used the veto. Ten nations voted in favour of it and two nations, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and East Germany, voted against it. Bangladesh and Mexico abstained from voting. I think it is very important indeed that one should understand that, in fact, the United Nations Security Council, the highest body, desired to pass this motion. Indeed, it had overwhelming numbers to do so but the motion was defeated by veto. The part relevant to yesterday's question states:

Decides that, until such time as the hostages are released and have safely departed from Iran, all states members of the United Nations:

(A)   shall prevent the sale or supply, by their nationals or from their territories, whether or not originating in their territories, to or destined for Iranian governmental entities in Iran or any other person or body in Iran, or to or destined for any other person or body for the purposes of any enterprise carried on in Iran, of all items, commodities, or products, except food, medicine, and supplies intended strictly for medical purposes.

The resolution is of very great significance, it being a Security Council resolution. I seek leave to have the full text of it incorporated in Hansard.

Leave granted.

The document read as follows-

The Security Council,

Recalling its resolutions 457 (1979) of 4 December 1979, and 46 1 ( 1 979 ) of 3 1 December 1979;

Recalling also the appeal made by the President of the Security Council on 9 November 1979 (S/ 136 1 6) which was reiterated on 27 November 1979 (S/ 13652);

Having taken note of the letters dated 13 November 1979 and 1 December 1979 concerning the grievances and views of Iran (S/ 13626 and S/ 13671, respectively);

Having taken into account the order of the international court of justice of 15 December 1979 calling on the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to ensure the immediate release, without any exception, of all persons of United States nationality, who are being held as hostages in Iran (S/ 13697) and also calling on the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to ensure that no action is taken by them which will aggravate the tension between the two countries;

Further recalling the letter dated 25 November 1 979 from the Secretary-General (S/ 13646) stating that, in his opinion, the present crisis between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the United States of America poses a serious threat to international peace and security;

Bearing in mind the adoption by the General Assembly by consensus on 17 December 1979 of the convention against the taking of hostages;

Mindful of the obligation of States to settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered and, to that end, to respect the decisions of the Security Council;

Conscious of the responsibility of States to refrain in their international relations from the threat of use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations;

Affirming that the safe release and departure from Iran of all those being held hostage is an essential first step in resolving peacefully the issues between Iran and the United States and the other States members of the international community;

Reiterating that once the hostages have been safely released, the Government of Iran and the United States of America should take steps to resolve peacefully the remaining issues between them to their mutual satisfaction in accordance with the purposes and principles of the United Nations;

Further taking into account the report of the Secretary General of January 1980 (S/ ) made pursuant to resolution 467 ( 1979) of 3 1 December 1979;

Bearing in mind that the continued detention of the hostages constitutes a continuing threat to international peace and security;

Acting in accordance with articles 39 and 41 of the United Nations charter;

1.   Decides that the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran shall release immediately all persons of United States nationally being held as hostages in Iran, provide them protection and allow them to leave the country;

2.   Decides that, until such time as the hostages are released and have safely departed from Iran, all states members of the United Nations:

(   a ) Shall prevent the sale or supply, by their nationals or from their territories, whether or not originating in their territories, to or destined for Iranian governmental entities in Iran or any other person or body in Iran, or to or destined for any other person or body for the purposes of any enterprise carried on in Iran, of all items, commodities, or products, except food, medicine, and supplies intended strictly for medical purposes.

(b)   Shall prevent the shipment by vessel, aircraft, railway, or other land transport of their registration or owned by or under charter to their nationals, or the carriage whether or not in bond by land transport facilities across their territories of any of the items, commodities, and products-covered by sub-paragraph (a) which are consigned to or destined for Iranian governmental entities or any person or body in Iran, or to any enterprise carried on in Iran;

(c)   Shall not make available to the Iranian authorities or to any person in Iran or to any enterprise controlled by any Iranian governmental entity any new credits or loans; shall not, with respect to such persons or enterprises, make available any new deposit facilities or allow substantial increases in existing non-dollar deposits or allow more favourable terms of payment than customarily used in international commercial transactions; and shall act in a businesslike manner in exercising any rights when payments due on existing credits or loans are not made on time and shall require any persons or entities within their jurisdiction to do likewise;

(d)   Shall prevent the shipment from their territories on vessels or aircraft registered in Iran of products and commodities covered by sub-paragraph (a) above;

(e)   Shall reduce to a minimum the personnel of Iranian diplomatic missions accredited to them;

(f)   Shall prevent their nationals, or firms located in their territories, from engaging in new service contracts in support of industrial projects in Iran, other than those concerned with medical care;

(g)   Shall prevent their nationals or any person or body in their territories from engaging in any activity which evades or has the purpose of evading any of the decisions set out in this resolution;

3.   Decides that all States members of the United Nations shall give effect forthwith to the decisions set out in operative paragraph 2 of this resolution notwithstanding any contract entered into or license granted before the date of this resolution.

4.   Calls upon all States members of the United Nations to carry out these decisions of the security council in accordance with article 25 of the charter;

5.   Urges, having regard to the principles stated in article 2 of the charter, states not members of the United Nations to act in accordance with the provisions of the present resolution;

6.   Calls upon all other United Nations bodies and the specialized agencies of the United Nations and their members to conform their relations with Iran to the terms of this resolution;

7.   Calls upon all States members of the United Nations, and in particular those with primary responsibility under the charter for the maintenance of international peace and security, to assist effectively in the implementation of the measures called for by the present resolution;

8.   Calls upon all States members of the United Nations or of the specialized agencies to report to the Secretary General by 1 February 1980 on measures taken to implement the present resolution;

9.   Requests the Secretary General to report to the council on the progress of the implementation of the present resolution, the first report to be submitted not later than 1 March 1980.







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