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Tuesday, 19 September 1972
Page: 941


Mr PRESIDENT - Order! I do not want to allow the honourable senator to digress too far. I suggest that he come back to the notice of motion which is before the Senate.


Senator HANNAN - I was dealing with the way in which disrespect for the law has been encouraged in the community. I accept the soft rebuke. As I said earlier, Senator Murphy in his quieter moments must regret the suggestions which he made this morning. I find it appalling that a lawyer should arrive at a verdict first and then try to organise the evidence afterwards. As Senator Greenwood said, many of the complaints about the Croatians - I do not say that they are comprised exclusively of saints, scholars or archangels - emanate from one source and that is a man called Marjan Jurjevic who has been stigmatised by the Attorney-General as a most unreliable witness. This man has referred innumerable matters to the authorities and up to date all have proved groundless. Jurjevic is a strange man. He is a Croat. He was born in Croatia and turned traitor to his country. It is impossible to escape the conclusion that the man is an agent provacateur in league with the Yugoslav Embassy. For example, in relation to many of the matters which he alleges against the Croatian people as a base for his responsibility and his reputation, he says that he served in the Royal Navy during the war. Inquiries from the Royal Navy show that this is simply untrue; Jurjevic never served in the Royal Navy. He claims to have served in HMS 'Durmitor', a ship of the Royal Navy. Inquiries from the Royal Navy show that there never has been a ship in the Royal Navy by the name of 'Durmitor'.

I know of a man whom this fellow asked to spy on his fellow Croats so that he could refer the information to the Yugoslav Embassy. I am not allowed to repeat in the Parliament the refusal which his fellow countryman gave him. Senator Willesee referred to attempts to kill this man. Let us have a look at them. As I recall, there are 3 bomb outrages in relation to Jurjevic. The first one was when a bomb exploded in the post office. The parcel was addressed to him but the bomb exploded before delivery. Jurjevic was not hurt. That is very good; I am glad he was not hurt. On the second occasion he was being given a fountain pen or some writing material and the bomb exploded. Again Jurjevic was not hurt; I am glad he was not hurt.

Now we come to the most violent of all the explosions in relation to Jurjevic and that is the explosion which took place at his

Carlton flat 3 or 4 months ago. It is interesting to note that on his own admission the suspected parcel was there for several minutes - several minutes, mark you - before he took action. Mr Acting Deputy President, what do you think his action was? Did he hop out and heave it away? Did he telephone the police? He did not. He telephoned Dr Cairns. That is the first time I have ever known of Dr Cairns as a bomb disposal expert. At all events this is the source to which Jurjevic went for succour. It is true that a few days after this bomb was placed Jurjevic and Dr Cairns were to address the Unitarian Church on the iniquities of the Croatians. Of course the bomb gave tremendous publicity to that meeting. It is also true that on the same night a bomb blew in the window of the Australian and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd which displayed the figure of a girl in Yugoslav costume. Of course that added tremendously to the publicity for the meeting on the Sunday. I understand that a great crowd of gullible people was at the meeting.

In passing 1 find it strange that our friends opposite support so vigorously the National Liberation Front in Vietnam which has been fighting Australian soldiers but they seem so violently opposed to the National Liberation Front - as they keep calling it - of the Croatians. Of course that is not the proper name but they use that description. Recently Yugoslav diplomats have been stepping right outside their diplomatic functions. The quotation which Senator Willesee gave us is a sufficient indication that there are more than somewhat political overtones in the whole matter. A fair sample of the reliability of the allegations which have been made might perhaps be drawn from one of the alleged Croatian terrorists who was supposed to be killed in a battle in Yugoslavia. A few days after the announcement it emerged that he was alive and well in Mt Gambier. I suppose one could be well at Mt Gambier. At all events, that was where he was living. The strange thing was that none of the alleged 28 terrorists - or is it 1 5, because the reports vary; there are 2 different reports - seems to have been taken alive. I cannot imagine that happening. With the local equivalent of the KGB to do the job, it does not strike me as being even remotely possible that none of the gentlemen was taken alive. I notice that there has not been a report of a trial - even a Yugoslav trial. Presumably it was one of the Star Chamber jobs referred to by Senator Murphy earlier today.

I feel that, despite all the sins of omission and commission on both sides by Croatia and Serbia over the centuries, the vast bulk of Croatians and Serbs who come to this country make splendid settlers. I have had a fair bit to do with both groups. 1 think that this country, despite the unpleasantness and the activities of some extremists-


Senator Gair - They are not all on one side.


Senator HANNAN - They most certainly are not. I have not supported Streeko Rover in this place, but there were 2 attempts to kill him in 1966. 1 do not suppose one could blame the Ustasha for that. The statue at the Catholic Church at Clifton Hill was defiled with acid. I do not suppose one could blame the Ustasha for that. There is a whole string of other actions between what I might loosely describe - I use the word 'loosely' advisedly - the right and the left. At this stage I am not satisfied that the bombing outrages which caused such horror can, with certainty, be laid at the door at which the Yugoslav Embassy, Jurjevic and others might wish to lay it.

It is not often that I find myself in such agreement on historical points with Senator McManus as 1 find myself today, but I think he was quite correct when he pointed out that the trouble with Yugoslav communities throughout the world is based on the fact that Tito is soon to be called to his eternal reward. I will not speculate on the nature of that reward. Tito has been moving closer and closer towards the Soviet Union. Much of his former independence has abated. One of his problems, oddly enough, is that the Communist Party in Croatia - this is something to which 1 recommend honourable senators opposite should pay more than passing attention - has been protesting so much about the economic and political rape of the country that Tito's main problem has not been with Croatian insurgents and terrorists and this sort of people; his main problem has been with the Communist Party in Croatia.


Senator Mulvihill - Shades of Sir Henry Bolte and the Prime Minister. It is like Sir Henry Bolte wanting more money for his State.


Senator HANNAN - I hesitate to equate Sir Henry Bolte with the Croatian Communist Party, but I take the honourable senator's point. I do not necessarily agree with it. I think senators on both sides of the chamber are horrified at the brutality and barbarity exemplified by the 2 bombings in Sydney and by other bombings, for that matter, and hope, trust and pray that it will never become part of the Australian political scene.


Senator Gair - What about the painters and dockers?


Senator HANNAN - I am a member of a different union, as the honourable senator will recall. We have not had that trouble in my union. I sincerely hope and trust that as a result of firm Government action this type of horrible political activity in this country will be suppressed.







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