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Thursday, 25 August 1921


Senator PAYNE (Tasmania) .- The case made out by Senator Vardon is worthy of consideration, though I am not inclined to go so far as he proposed. I was anxious to learn from the Minister, when he was replying to Senator Vardon, what was the justification for increasing the duty on type. The honorable senator mentioned no justification.


Senator Pearce - Except that there is an increased duty on tha raw material.


Senator PAYNE - It has been pointed out that the type-founding industry has been carried on for some twenty years in Australia., but is still in a position to supply only certain varieties of type, whilst many other varieties that are not manufactured here are required by printers in their industry. In my opinion the only justification for an increased duty is that an industry that is worth maintaining has been shown to be unable to make headway or to hold its own because of insufficient protection. This industry has been carried on for a long time to the stage at which it has progressed under the previously existing duty. In the Tariff of 1908 the only duty imposed was 20 per cent. In the 1914 Tariff there were duties of 25 per cent, in the general Tariff and 20 per cent, in the British preferential column.


Senator Lynch - Is it not possible to include the varieties of type not manufactured here in a separate item?


Senator PAYNE - The Minister has said that that is not possible.


Senator Pearce - I am willing to accept duties of 20 per cent., 25 per cent., and 30 per cent. I cannot consent to a reduction of 15 per cent, on this item. That is the biggest reduction that has, so far, been, proposed.

Senator VARDON(South Australia) T5.35]. - The Minister (Senator Pearce) has said that the duty has been increased, from 25 per cent, to 35 per cent, because of the increased cost of the metal used in the manufacture of type. THe cost of the metal in 1 lb. of type would be between 6d. and 8d. I would remind the Minister that we produce the metal in Australia.


Senator Pearce - I think I have made the honorable senator a fair offer.


Senator VARDON - The type founding industry here really needs no protection, because those carrying it on are able to sell their type in New Zealand on equal terms with the American Typefounders Company. They have been doing that for many years.







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