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Thursday, 25 August 1921

Senator WILSON (South Australia) .- Will the Minister (Senator Pearce) give the Committee some information as to the extent to which the chainmaking industry in Australia has developed ?

Senator PEARCE(Western Australia -

Minister for Defence) [3.37].- The importations have been-


During the war the manufacture of chains from½inch to 3 inches was taken up by H. Williams and Company, engineers, Brunswick, who employed thirty men in the business. The plant was capable of turning out 5 or 6 tons per week. The chains concerned are ships' steering, mooring, crane, and hauling chains. The business has been purchased by Inglis, Smith and Company, ships' providers, Melbourne, who have taken over Williams and Company'splant, and are carrying on the manufacture. One of the orders fulfilled by Williams and Com pany consisted of 135 tons of 2 -in. anchor cables and shackles complete for the Commonwealth Ship Construction Branch. Cable chains of½-inch to 1½ inches were also made by the Federal Spring Works, North Melbourne, but, owing to the lack oforders, this firm has not made any chains since January last. Their raw material was Broken Hill steel; but this is not quite satisfactory, inasmuch as when the chain is submitted to Lloyd's test, the links show excessive elongation. The other manufacturer has been using material obtained from the Lion Rolling Mills and the Victorian Rolling Mills, Melbourne, but they make the same complaint - that chains made from this material are apt to fail to stand the Lloyd's test] and the disadvantage is that a ship supplied with chains not certificated as standing such test suffers in Lloyd's classification. Inglis, Smith, and Company propose to import Netherton Crown iron for use in making their chains. This class of iron is not made in Australia. The malleable iron sprocket and link belting chains mentioned in sub-item b are being made by Malleable Castings Limited, Marrickville. This type of chain consists of malleable cast detachable links, and is used largely as driving chains in agricultural machines. The Meadowbank Manufacturing Company, Sydney, also make this type of chain. Those classified under sub-item c are driving chains of the roller type used in motor vehicles. No instance of the manufacture of this type of chain has been brought under the notice of the Department.

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